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Pediatric gastroenterology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133255/high-prevalence-of-barrett-s-esophagus-and-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-after-repair-of-esophageal-atresia
#1
Floor W T Vergouwe, Hanneke IJsselstijn, Katharina Biermann, Nicole S Erler, René M H Wijnen, Marco J Bruno, Manon C W Spaander
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Esophageal atresia is rare, but improved surgical and intensive care techniques have increased rates of survival in children, so there are now many adults with this disorder. Many patients with esophageal atresia develop gastroesophageal reflux (GER), raising concerns about increased risk of Barrett's esophagus (BE; prevalence of 1.3%-1.6% in general population) and esophageal carcinoma. We assessed the prevalence of BE and esophageal carcinoma in this population. METHODS: We performed a prospective study of 289 patients with esophageal atresia at the Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology at Erasmus MC University Medical Center in The Netherlands, from May 2012 through March 2017...
November 10, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113094/pediatric-chronic-intestinal-failure-in-italy-report-from-the-2016-survey-on-behalf-of-italian-society-for-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-sigenp
#2
Antonella Diamanti, Teresa Capriati, Paolo Gandullia, Grazia Di Leo, Antonella Lezo, Laura Lacitignola, Maria Immacolata Spagnuolo, Simona Gatti, Lorenzo D'Antiga, Giovanna Verlato, Paola Roggero, Sergio Amarri, Maria Elisabetta Baldassarre, Francesco Cirillo, Domenica Elia, Renata Boldrini, Angelo Campanozzi, Carlo Catassi, Marina Aloi, Claudio Romano, Manila Candusso, Nicola Cecchi, Tommaso Bellini, Elaine Tyndall, Fabio Fusaro, Tamara Caldaro, Daniele Alberti, Piergiorgio Gamba, Mario Lima, Pietro Bagolan, Jean De Ville de Goyet, Luigi Dall'Oglio, Marco Spada, Francesca Grandi
BACKGROUND: Intestinal failure (IF) is the reduction in functioning gut mass below the minimal level necessary for adequate digestion and absorption of nutrients and fluids for weight maintenance in adults or for growth in children. There is a paucity of epidemiologic data on pediatric IF. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence, incidence, regional distribution and underlying diagnosis of pediatric chronic IF (CIF) requiring home parenteral nutrition (HPN) in Italy...
November 5, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112859/translation-and-cultural-adaptation-of-the-pediatric-eosinophilic-esophagitis-symptom-score-peess-v2-0
#3
Maria Fernanda Oliveira Santos, Cristina Palmer Barros, Carlos Henrique Martins da Silva, Helena Borges Martins da Silva Paro
OBJECTIVES: To translate and culturally adapt the Pediatric Eosinophilic Esophagitis Symptom Score (version 2.0), a tool used to assess pediatric eosinophilic esophagitis symptoms reported by patients and/or their parents/caregivers. METHODS: The Pediatric Eosinophilic Esophagitis Symptom Score was translated through the following stages: initial translation, back-translation, and consensus of independent reviewers through the Delphi technique. The pre-final version of the Pediatric Eosinophilic Esophagitis Symptom Score was applied to five 8-to-18-year-old patients and to ten parents of two-to-18-year-old patients from an outpatient pediatric gastroenterology service (pre-test)...
November 4, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066337/clostridium-difficile-causing-pediatric-infections-new-findings-from-a-hospital-based-study-in-italy
#4
Patrizia Spigaglia, Fabrizio Barbanti, Elio Castagnola, Maria Cristina Diana, Luisa Pescetto, Roberto Bandettini
Recent studies support a change of Clostridium difficile infections (CDIs) epidemiology in pediatric patients. Since limited information is available about C. difficile in this population, we investigated the epidemiology of CDI in a large pediatric hospital that acts as reference centre in Italy and analyzed C. difficile isolates to identify the prevalent PCR-ribotypes (RTs), the binary toxin (CDT)-positive strains and the antibiotic susceptibility patterns. The CDI incidence was 6.6 cases/1000 admissions and the majority (92%) of CDI were healthcare-associated (47% occurred in the Hematology-Oncology and in the Gastroenterology units)...
October 21, 2017: Anaerobe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059642/diagnostic-algorithm-and-peculiarities-of-monitoring-for-infants-with-disorders-of-the-gastrointestinal-tract
#5
Tetyana O Kryuchko, Inna M Nesina, Olha Ya Tkachenko
INTRODUCTION: The most common medical conditions in infants, which belong to pediatric and gastroenterological disease areas, are functional gastrointestinal disorders, food hypersensitivity and food allergy. First of all, these symptoms can disguise lactase deficiency, cow's milk protein allergy, eosinophilic gastroenteritis, allergic proctocolitis, gastrointestinal manifestations of atopic dermatitis, functional disorders of gastrointestinal and biliary tract, etc. The aim of our study was to develop an algorithm of monitoring for infants with disorders of the gastrointestinal tract and to study the efficacy of probiotic and enzyme replacement therapy...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059122/response-to-the-letters-regarding-the-north-american-society-of-pediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-nafld-guidelines
#6
Miriam B Vos, Stephanie H Abrams, Sarah E Barlow, Sonia Caprio, Stephen R Daniels, Rohit Kohli, Marialena Mouzaki, Pushpa Sathya, Jeffery B Schwimmer, Shikha S Sundaram, Stavra A Xanthakos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048383/is-there-a-causal-relationship-between-intussusception-and-food-allergy
#7
Emrah Aydin, Omer F Beşer, Esra Ozek, Soner Sazak, Ensar Duras
Although intussusception and food allergy are common health problems in childhood, the relation between these two diseases remain obscure. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between food allergy and intussusception, and the factors associated with both. Patients diagnosed with intussusception by the Brighton Collaboration Intussusception Working Group criteria were prospectively investigated for food allergy per the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) Guideline...
October 19, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035967/pediatric-clinical-handover-a-best-practice-implementation-project
#8
Zhuowen Yu, Yuxia Zhang, Ying Gu, Xiaofeng Xu, Alexa McArthur
BACKGROUND: Communication of information between and among healthcare providers is an essential element of patient care. Poor clinical handover has been associated with inaccurate clinical assessment and diagnosis, delays in diagnosis, medication errors and decreased patient satisfaction. Effective and efficient transition of patient care information requires an evidence-based handover approach. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this evidence implementation project was to make a contribution to promote evidence-based practice in clinical handover in a pediatric setting and thereby enhance patient safety and service delivery...
October 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032599/impact-iii-is-a-valid-and-reliable-questionnaire-for-assessing-health-related-quality-of-life-in-swedish-children-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#9
C Uggla, V Lindh, T Lind, M Lindkvist
AIM: This study examined the reliability, validity and factor structure of the Swedish version of the IMPACT-III questionnaire for assessing health-related quality of life in children with inflammatory bowel disease. METHODS: We recruited 202 participants aged 8-18 years, who were enrolled from 16 of the 23 paediatric gastroenterology clinics across Sweden during 2010-2013. This cross-sectional study compared two versions of the IMPACT-III questionnaire - one with six factors and 35 items and one with four factors and 19 items - plus the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4...
October 15, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990980/journal-of-pediatric-gastroenterology-and-nutrition-2017-reviewer-acknowledgement
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968008/-profile-of-gastrointestinal-diseases-in-a-pediatric-gastroenterology-center-in-colombia-15-years-of-follow-up
#11
Wilson Daza, Silvana Dadan, Michelle Higuera
INTRODUCTION: The profile of gastrointestinal diseases is constantly changing globally and locally affecting suspected diagnosis and medical methods. OBJECTIVE: To establish the main diagnoses in a gastroenterology, hepatology, and pediatric nutrition unit in Bogota between 2009 and 2013, and to compare with findings from the same unit during the two prior five-year periods (1997 to 2006). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective descriptive study...
September 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950706/efficacy-of-a-point-of-care-test-based-on-deamidated-gliadin-peptides-for-the-detection-of-celiac-disease-in-pediatric-patients
#12
Isabel Polanco, Thabata Koester Weber, Eva Martínez-Ojinaga, Manuel Molina, Jesús Sarria
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to assess the effectiveness of a point-of-care test (POCT) based on deamidated gliadin peptides (DGP) compared to the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) criteria diagnosis in the early detection of celiac disease (CD) in pediatric patients. METHODS: One hundred children (≤ 18 years) with suspected CD were selected, including siblings of celiac children that underwent gastroscopy for other gastrointestinal conditions...
November 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937449/persistent-encopresis-enuresis-and-anxiety-in-a-7-year-old-girl
#13
Theodora Nelson, Heekyung Chae, Ran D Anbar, Martin T Stein
Sonia is a 7-year-old old girl who was referred to the Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics Clinic by the Pediatric Urology Clinic because of persistent wetting and soiling behaviors. Since age 3 years, she has had a history of encopresis (and wetting) for which she has seen gastroenterology and urology specialists. The mother reports that Sonia has accidents almost daily, and she is not upset when sitting in her urine or feces. She dislikes going into the bathroom or sitting on the toilet by herself. She participated in a behavior modification program associated with the pediatric urology clinic, which helps children learn healthy voiding habits and achieve continence...
October 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927776/-gluten-is-the-information-available-on-the-internet-valid
#14
T Banti, L Fievet, A Fabre
BACKGROUND: Internet provides easy access to health information, but the quality and validity of this information vary. OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the quality of website structures and the information provided on celiac disease (CD), gluten sensitivity (GS), and wheat allergy (WA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The websites addressing CD, GS, and WA appearing on the first two pages of Google, Yahoo, and Bing from seven selected queries were investigated...
September 15, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915908/advances-in-paediatrics-in-2016-current-practices-and-challenges-in-allergy-autoimmune-diseases-cardiology-endocrinology-gastroenterology-infectious-diseases-neonatology-nephrology-neurology-nutrition-pulmonology
#15
REVIEW
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Silvia Montella, Sergio Bernasconi
This review reports main progresses in various pediatric issues published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2016. New insights in clinical features or complications of several disorders may be useful for our better understanding. They comprise severe asthma, changing features of lupus erythematosus from birth to adolescence, celiac disease, functional gastrointestinal disorders, Moebius syndrome, recurrent pneumonia. Risk factors for congenital heart defects, Kawasaki disease have been widely investigated...
September 16, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906315/development-of-the-aim-to-decrease-anxiety-and-pain-treatment-adapt-for-pediatric-functional-abdominal-pain-disorders
#16
Natoshia Raishevich Cunningham, Sarah Nelson, Anjana Jagpal, Erin Moorman, Michael Farrell, Scott Pentiuk, Susmita Kashikar-Zuck
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of the Aim to Decrease Anxiety and Pain Treatment (ADAPT), a brief, on-line and in-person behavioral intervention targeting pain and anxiety in youth with functional abdominal pain disorders (FAPD). METHODS: Patients were recruited from several outpatient pediatric gastroenterology clinics. Nine participants (ages 9-13) completed the full protocol. Thematic analysis of detailed qualitative feedback was obtained via semi-structured patient and caregiver interviews after treatment was conducted...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889899/pulmonary-nodules-in-an-adolescent-female-presented-with-abdominal-pain-fatigue-and-weight-loss
#17
Britta K Sundquist, Paul G Comber, Scott H Beegle
A 14-year-old girl initially presented to a pediatric gastroenterology office with a 1-month history of right upper quadrant abdominal pain, which radiated to the right shoulder and back. Her pain was worse after heavy meals and with deep breaths. She reported anorexia, fatigue, dyspnea while playing soccer, and a 5-pound weight loss. She denied any fevers, cough, or changes in her bowel habits.
September 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881515/-characteristics-of-epidemiology-and-antimicrobial-resistance-of-gram-negative-bacterial-bloodstream-infections-in-children
#18
L Dong, X Y Zhang, C C Li, Z Li, Y Q Xia
Objective: To study the epidemiology and antimicrobial resistance of Gram-negative bacterial bloodstream infections in children, and to guide the choice of antimicrobials and the control of nosocomial infection. Method: Clinical data, bacteriology and antimicrobial susceptibility test results were collected retrospectively in hospitalized children who were diagnosed with gram-negative bacterial bloodstream infections in Yuying Children's Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University from January, 2010 to December, 2015...
September 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875974/-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-the-rome-iv-criteria
#19
REVIEW
Barbara Iwańczak, Franciszek Iwańczak
In the work diagnostic criteria of functional disorders of the gastrointestinal tract in children and adolescents aged 4 to 18 years are presented. The criteria were elaborated by experienced experts in pediatrics and gastroenterology and were presented on Digestive Disease Week in San Diego in 2016 as modified IV Rome Criteria. In the work the following functional disorders are discussed: cyclic vomiting syndrome, functional nausea and vomiting, rumination syndrome, aerophagia, functional dyspepsia, irritable bowel syndrome, abdominal migraine, functional abdominal pain - not otherwise specified, functional constipation, nonretentive fecal incontinence...
August 21, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859138/inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-patterns-of-volatile-organic-compounds-in-the-exhaled-breath-of-children-a-case-control-study-using-ion-molecule-reaction-mass-spectrometry
#20
Lorenzo Monasta, Chiara Pierobon, Andrea Princivalle, Stefano Martelossi, Annalisa Marcuzzi, Francesco Pasini, Luigi Perbellini
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) profoundly affect quality of life and have been gradually increasing in incidence, prevalence and severity in many areas of the world, and in children in particular. Patients with suspected IBD require careful history and clinical examination, while definitive diagnosis relies on endoscopic and histological findings. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the alveolar air of pediatric patients with IBD presents a specific volatile organic compounds' (VOCs) pattern when compared to controls...
2017: PloS One
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