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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049168/sialocutaneous-fistula-to-the-external-auditory-canal-repaired-with-superficial-parotidectomy-and-temporoparietal-flap-a-case-report
#1
Benjamin D van der Woerd, Stephanie Danielle MacNeil
RATIONALE: Gustatory otorrhea can lead to cutaneous changes, recurrent infection, and social disruption. We present a case of a late, evolving sialocutaneous fistula to the external auditory canal, managed surgically after failing conservative therapies. This case is unique by late evolution, whereby the symptoms presented with significance 27 years after her operation and 19 years after mild symptoms initially arose. PATIENT CONCERNS: Gustatory, left-sided clear otorrhea with acutely increased volume over 8 months causing social disruption...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049146/outcomes-of-titanium-mesh-cranioplasty-in-pediatric-patients
#2
Irene T Ma, Melissa R Symon, Ruth E Bristol, Stephen P Beals, Edward F Joganic, P David Adelson, David H Shafron, Davinder J Singh
PURPOSE: Cranial defects in children have been repaired with various materials ranging from autologous bone to synthetic materials. There is little published literature on the outcomes of titanium mesh cranioplasty (TMC) in calvarial reconstruction in the pediatric population. This study evaluates a pediatric cohort who underwent calvarial defect reconstruction with titanium mesh and assesses the efficacy and outcomes of TMC. METHODS: An Institutional Review Board approved retrospective review of patients ≤18 years of age who underwent cranioplasty from 1999 to 2014 at 2 centers was performed...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049143/hemodynamic-changes-in-paramedian-forehead-flap
#3
Gorkem Eskiizmir, Gokce Tanyeri Toker, Erdogan Ozgur, Serdar Tarhan, Beyhan Cengiz Ozyurt
Paramedian forehead flap is a workhorse for nasal reconstruction. However, vascular complications may lead to flap failure. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the blood flow objectively and determine the hemodynamic changes in paramedian forehead flap with respect to influential factors of age, gender, and smoking. Thirty patients who had paramedian forehead flap were followed up prospectively between 2010 and 2013. The blood flow was assessed by resistance index using Color Duplex-Doppler Ultrasonography...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046472/-surgical-treatment-of-a-giant-olfactory-groove-schwannoma-a-case-report
#4
Takashi Fujii, Naoki Otani, Kazuma Doi, Masataka Miyama, Yohei Otsuka, Takashi Matsumoto, Toru Yoshiura, Satoru Takeuchi, Satoshi Tomura, Arata Tomiyama, Terushige Toyooka, Kojiro Wada, Kentaro Mori
Schwannomas originating from the olfactory nerve are extremely rare because the olfactory nerve does not normally contain Schwann cells. We describe a case of a giant schwannoma of the olfactory groove. A 73-year-old woman presented with anosmia persisting for 10 months. Head computed tomography(CT)for head trauma at another hospital demonstrated a tumor lesion located in the left frontal lobe and paranasal sinus. She had never suffered epilepsy, and past medical history and family history identified no indicators...
October 2017: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046109/use-of-the-profunda-artery-perforator-flap-in-vulvo-perineal-reconstruction
#5
S S Jing, B Winter-Roach, D Kosutic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 19, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046098/infection-of-ptfe-mesh-15-years-following-pedicled-tram-flap-breast-reconstruction-mechanism-and-aetiology
#6
A Elfaki, A Gkorila, M Khatib, C M Malata
The pedicled transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (TRAM) flap procedure is still widely used for breast reconstruction. The repair of the flap harvest site in the transverse rectus abdominis muscle and sheath is often assisted by the use of prosthetic meshes. This decreases the risk of abdominal wall weakness and herniation but, being a foreign body, it also carries the risk of infection. In this report, we describe the case of a 63-year-old patient who, whilst receiving chemotherapy for metastatic breast cancer, presented with an infected polytetrafluoroethylene mesh 15 years after pedicled TRAM flap immediate breast reconstruction...
October 19, 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046096/demonstrating-local-flaps-a-simple-model-as-part-of-informed-consent
#7
J Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 19, 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045998/-plastic-reconstructive-microsurgery-in-the-elderly-patient-consensus-statement-of-the-german-speaking-working-group-for-microsurgery-of-the-peripheral-nerves-and-vessels
#8
Ingo Ludolph, Marcus Lehnhardt, Andreas Arkudas, Ulrich Kneser, Gerhard Pierer, Yves Harder, Raymund E Horch
During the last two decades, understanding and experience of microsurgical reconstruction have increased. This is linked to improved instruments and technical devices, as well as to the increased number of available donor sites for microvascular flap transfer. If the indication is appropriate, it is now possible to perform personalised, safe and successful microsurgical reconstructions, almost independently of the patients' age. Despite these constant developments, there is little specific literature on microsurgery related to the specific problems of the elderly patient...
October 18, 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045557/the-suprapubic-dermoadipose-flap-for-aesthetic-reshaping-of-the-postpregnancy-abdomen
#9
Horacio F Mayer, Hugo D Loustau
Background: Postpregnancy full-length diastasis of the recti abdominis muscles is a common condition occasionally associated with atrophy of the subcutaneous fat located at the midline above and below the umbilicus. Objectives: The authors report a preliminary clinical experience with the suprapubic flap to prevent the late postoperative contour deformities of the postpregnancy abdomen. Methods: Between January 2005 and January 2015, all female patients undergoing abdominoplasty with the suprapubic flap were included in the present study...
October 14, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045332/sutureless-deep-sclerectomy-a-preliminary-report
#10
Ahmed M Abdelrahman, Rasha El-Tanamly, Mohamed Sabry
The study describes a modification of the deep sclerectomy making it completely sutureless with a 6 months follow up period. This is a prospective pilot phase that included 24 eyes of 16 patients, 13 males and 3 females with medically uncontrolled Open Angle Glaucomas (OAG) despite maximally tolerated medical therapy. After excising the deep flap, no sutures are added to the superficial scleral flap or to the conjunctiva. A statically significant reduction of the IOP was reported during all the follow visits without serious complications...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045320/autologous-lens-capsular-flap-transplantation-combined-with-autologous-blood-application-in-the-management-of-refractory-macular-hole
#11
Jie Peng, Chunli Chen, Haiying Jin, Hongtao Zhang, Peiquan Zhao
PURPOSE: To report results of lens capsular flap transplantation (LCFT) and autologous whole blood application in refractory macular hole (MH) treatment. METHODS: Seven phakic and three aphakic eyes with persistent MH after standard surgery with internal limiting membrane peeling were studied. Lens capsule flap was acquired from the same eye in eight cases (seven phakic and one aphakic). The fellow eye was used in two aphakic eyes without sufficient lens capsule...
October 17, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045279/leaflet-kinematics-of-mechanical-and-bioprosthetic-aortic-valve-prostheses
#12
Bernhard Vennemann, Thomas Rösgen, Paul Philipp Heinisch, Dominik Obrist
The hemodynamic performance of artificial aortic valves (AVs) and the probability for structural valve deterioration can be linked to the valve kinematics. Comparability among different studies is limited because of variations in the experimental setups and physiologic boundary conditions. This study presents results of kinematic measurements of bioprosthetic and mechanical AVs that were tested in an identical experimental setting such that they can be directly compared with each other. The kinematics of AVs is typically presented in the form of the geometric orifice area and its temporal evolution...
October 18, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045031/the-triangular-rotation-advancement-flap-for-congenital-longitudinal-earlobe-cleft
#13
Niharika Padhy, Devi Prasad Mohapatra, Friji M T, Ravi Kumar Chittoria, S Dinesh Kumar, Sudhanva Hemant Kumar, Elankumar Subbarayan
The Earlobe is an essential part of the facial aesthetics. Almost all cultures of the world use the earlobe for improving their appearances. Deformities or absence of the earlobe is a cause of distress to many individuals. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
October 16, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044540/factors-affecting-hospital-length-of-stay-following-pelvic-exenteration-surgery
#14
Ying Guo, Eugene Chang, Mehtap Bozkurt, Minjeong Park, Diane Liu, Jack B Fu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Total pelvic exenteration are performed in patients with locally advanced or recurrent pelvic malignances. Many patients have prolong hospital length of stay (LOS), but risk factors are not clearly identified. METHODS: From 2002 through 2012, 100 consecutive patients undergoing pelvic exenteration were retrospectively reviewed. A general linear model was used to examine risk factors for prolonged hospital LOS. RESULTS: Among the 100 patients, 51 had gastrointestinal cancer, 14 had genitourinary cancer, 31 had gynecologic cancer, and 4 had sarcoma...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044539/cervicofacial-facial-artery-myocutaneous-flap-c-fam-flap-a-novel-flap-in-oral-cavity-reconstruction
#15
Chandrasekhara Rao S L M, Nusrath Syed, Hemantkumar O Nemade, Jonathan Gondi T, Krantikumar Gangiti, Subramanyeshwar Rao T
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction is an integral part of the surgical management of oral cancer. Local flaps are one of the options in reconstruction of small to moderate sized defects of oral cavity. Reconstruction is an integral part of the surgical management of oral cancer. Every defect needs to be assessed individually to tailor made the reconstruction because of its multidimensionality and complexity. Varieties of autologous tissues are being used in reconstruction like local, regional, or free flaps which can be simple or complex tissues...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042732/comparative-evaluation-of-cone-beam-computed-tomography-versus-direct-surgical-measurements-in-the-diagnosis-of-mandibular-molar-furcation-involvement
#16
Shyam Padmanabhan, Ahila Dommy, Sanjeela R Guru, Ajesh Joseph
AIM: Periodontists frequently experience inconvenience in accurate assessment and treatment of furcation areas affected by periodontal disease. Furcation involvement (FI) most commonly affects the mandibular molars. Diagnosis of furcation-involved teeth is mainly by the assessment of probing pocket depth, clinical attachment level, furcation entrance probing, and intraoral periapical radiographs. Three-dimensional imaging has provided advantage to the clinician in assessment of bone morphology...
July 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042719/a-novel-conservative-approach-combining-sealbio-and-surgical-fenestration-for-healing-of-large-periapical-cystic-lesions-of-endodontic-origin-a-pilot-study
#17
Naseem Shah
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the treatment outcome of large periapical cystic lesions treated by combining two novel, conservative approaches, "SealBio" and "Surgical Fenestration". MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five cases (4M:1F, age range 14-38 years, mean age 24.5 years) of large periapical cystic lesions, diagnosed on clinical and radiographic examination, were included in the study. After informed consent, endodontic treatment was initiated; chemo-mechanical preparation and intra-canal dressing of calcium hydroxide was given...
July 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042715/use-of-temporalis-fascia-flap-in-the-treatment-of-temporomandibular-joint-ankylosis-a-clinical-audit-of-5-years
#18
REVIEW
Suday G Rajurkar, Rushabh Makwana, Pallavi Ranadive, Mohan D Deshpande, Anand Nikunj, Dhanashree Jadhav
AIM: Restoration of normal function and jaw movements in patients with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis has been a challenge. Various techniques have been provided for its treatment; but the results have been variable. The purpose of this paper is to present an easy and versatile method for the treatment of TMJ ankylosis and to decrease postoperative complications such as reankylosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This paper is a review of surgical outcome of interposition arthroplasty with temporalis fascia in 17 patients of unilateral TMJ ankylosis who underwent the above procedure...
July 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042697/vaginoplasty-with-a-pudendal-groin-flap-in-male-to-female-transsexuals
#19
Yuko Mukai, Toshiyuki Watanabe, Morito Sugimoto, Yoshihiro Kimata, Yuzaburo Namba
Many vaginoplasty techniques have been introduced to improve the outcomes of sex reassignment surgery for male-to-female transsexuals. Some vaginoplasty patients still require additional skin grafts, making dilation mandatory to overcome shrinkage. We developed a new vaginoplasty method (called the "pudendal-groin flap") that uses pudendal-groin flaps. One of this procedure's advantages is that skin grafts are unnecessary, even for patients with small penises and scrotums. We introduce the procedure here and describe our evaluation of its utility...
October 2017: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042025/biosynthesis-of-leukotriene-b4
#20
REVIEW
Min Wan, Xiao Tang, Alena Stsiapanava, Jesper Z Haeggström
Leukotriene B4 (LTB4) is a lipid mediator derived from arachidonic acid (AA) by the sequential action of 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX), 5-lipoxygenase-activating protein (FLAP) and LTA4 hydrolase (LTA4H). It was initially recognized for its involvement in the recruitment of neutrophils and is one of the most potent chemotactic agents known to date. A large body of data has indicated that LTB4 plays a significant role in many chronic inflammatory diseases, such as arthritis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), cardiovascular disease, cancer and more recently, metabolic disorder...
October 2017: Seminars in Immunology
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