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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933134/a-rare-form-of-anemia-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#1
C A Mansoor, R Narayan
Mechanisms responsible for anemia in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) can be immune or non-immune. A 27-year-old previously healthy woman was admitted with echymotic patches over the lower limbs for six months, multiple joint pain and fatigue for 2 months. She had severe pallor and multiple echymotic patches over the lower limbs. She was diagnosed with SLE with pernicious anemia and iron deficiency anemia. The rare association of SLE with pernicious anemia was reported previously in few patients. Treatment of SLE along with B12 supplementation is necessary for such patients...
September 21, 2017: Reumatismo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929020/variance-component-testing-for-identifying-differentially-expressed-genes-in-rna-seq-data
#2
Sheng Yang, Fang Shao, Weiwei Duan, Yang Zhao, Feng Chen
RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) enables the measurement and comparison of gene expression with isoform-level quantification. Differences in the effect of each isoform may make traditional methods, which aggregate isoforms, ineffective. Here, we introduce a variance component-based test that can jointly test multiple isoforms of one gene to identify differentially expressed (DE) genes, especially those with isoforms that have differential effects. We model isoform-level expression data from RNA-Seq using a negative binomial distribution and consider the baseline abundance of isoforms and their effects as two random terms...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926471/role-of-fat-soluble-vitamins-in-osteoarthritis-management
#3
Xiao-Yan Zheng, Jun Liang, Yu-Sheng Li, Min Tu
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic degenerative joint disease, in which metabolic imbalance in bone is observed. The pathological mechanism of metabolic imbalance is not clear yet, but the nutritional factors, particularly the vitamins, might be intrinsic to the development and progression of OA. In this review article, we have explored databases such as PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar articles until the beginning of 2017 and reviewed the role of fat-soluble vitamins in pathological and therapeutic aspects of OA...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918489/yersinia-enterocolitica-biotype-1a-a-possible-new-trigger-of-reactive-arthritis
#4
Riitta Tuompo, Timo Hannu, Elisa Huovinen, Leila Sihvonen, Anja Siitonen, Marjatta Leirisalo-Repo
Yersinia enterocolitica (YE) biotype 1A is generally considered non-pathogenic, and the role of it in causing reactive musculoskeletal complications is unclear. We evaluated the capability of YE biotype 1A to induce reactive arthritis (ReA) and other reactive musculoskeletal symptoms. Analysis of self-reported musculoskeletal symptoms was supplemented with a telephone interview (with a permission to acquire copies of patient files from a local physician or hospital) and/or clinical examination of subjects with recent musculoskeletal symptoms after a positive stool culture for YE...
September 16, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917829/a-chinese-boy-with-geleophysic-dysplasia-caused-by-compound-heterozygous-mutations-in-adamtsl2
#5
Li Dongxiao, Dong Hui, Zheng Hong, Song Jinqing, Li Xiyuan, Jin Ying, Liu Yupeng, Yang Yanling
Geleophysic dysplasia, belonging to the group of acromelic dysplasia, is a rare genetic disease. Two genes, FBN1 and ADAMTSL2, were known to be linked to this disorder. The disorder presents as extreme short stature, short limbs, small hands and feet, stubby fingers and toes, joint stiffness, toe walking, skin thickening, progressive cardiac valvular thickening and characteristic facial features, including a round face with full cheeks. Here, we report the first Chinese case with geleophysic dysplasia type 1 based on clinical and genetic features...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901397/beneficial-effect-of-20%C3%A2-hydroxyecdysone-exerted-by-modulating-antioxidants-and-inflammatory-cytokine-levels-in-collagen%C3%A2-induced-arthritis-a-model-for-rheumatoid-arthritis
#6
You Sun, De-Li Zhao, Zi-Xuan Liu, Xue-Hui Sun, Yang Li
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by an elevated synovial inflammatory response, with destruction or erosion of articular cartilage in major joints. The aim of the present study was to examine whether 20‑hydroxyecdysone (HES) is able to ameliorate oxidative stress and inflammatory responses in a collagen‑induced rheumatoid arthritis (CIA) rat model. A total of 40 healthy male rats were selected arbitrarily and separated into four groups. Rats treated with saline served as a control (group I), rats subjected to CIA induction by intradermal injection of bovine collagen II type served as the induced group (group II), while rats induced with CIA and administered with 10 and 20 mg/kg bodyweight HES for 28 days served as treatment groups (groups III and IV)...
August 29, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899846/quality-of-patient-information-websites-about-congenital-heart-defects-mixed-methods-study-of-perspectives-among-individuals-with-experience-of-a-prenatal-diagnosis
#7
Tommy Carlsson, Ulla Melander Marttala, Barbro Wadensten, Gunnar Bergman, Ove Axelsson, Elisabet Mattsson
BACKGROUND: When a heart defect is prenatally diagnosed in the fetus, expectant parents experience a great need for information about various topics. After the diagnosis, the Web is used for supplemental information, and the scarcity of research calls attention to the need to explore patient information websites from the perspectives of the intended consumers. OBJECTIVE: The overarching aim of this study was to explore the quality of Swedish patient information websites about congenital heart defects, from the perspectives of individuals with experience of a prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart defect in the fetus...
September 12, 2017: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894656/wide-awake-trapeziectomy-for-thumb-basal-joint-arthritis
#8
Daniel Mckee, Donald Lalonde
Supplemental Digital Content is available in the text.
August 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888878/effect-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-knee-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#9
REVIEW
Naicheng Diao, Bo Yang, Fei Yu
OBJECTIVE: To provide evidence regarding the effect of vitamin D supplementation on symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to quantitatively pool the results from randomized clinical trials. Studies were identified from a search of the Embase, MEDLINE and Web of Science databases up to January 22, 2017, and also from conference abstracts, ClinicalTrials.gov and the reference lists of identified studies...
September 6, 2017: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881219/-it-is-not-a-quick-fix-structural-and-contextual-issues-that-affect-implementation-of-integrated-health-and-well-being-services-a-qualitative-study-from-north-east-england
#10
M Cheetham, S Visram, R Rushmer, G Greig, E Gibson, B Khazaeli, A Wiseman
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to examine the factors affecting the design, commissioning and delivery of integrated health and well-being services (IHWSs), which seek to address multiple health-related behaviours, improve well-being and tackle health inequalities using holistic approaches. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative studies embedded within iterative process evaluations. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews conducted with 16 key informants as part of two separate evaluations of IHWSs in North East England, supplemented by informal observations of service delivery...
September 4, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878511/management-of-the-open-book-apc-ii-pelvis-survey-results-from-pelvic-and-acetabular-surgeons-in-the-united-kingdom
#11
James R Gill, Colin Murphy, Ben Quansah, Andrew Carrothers
The results of this questionnaire show that the opinion of pelvic and acetabular surgeons in the UK and Republic of Ireland vary as to the best method of fixation for APC II pelvic injuries. A single anterior plate and single sacroiliac joint (SIJ) screw was the most popular fixation method, chosen by 34%. 74% favour a single, opposed to two orthogonal anterior plates. Posterior fixation supplementing anterior plating is preferred by 63% of surgeons, 58% use a single versus 42% two SIJ screws. Case by case assessment and intraoperative screening to assess stability is essential when considering whether to stabilise the SIJ...
December 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874768/a-new-red-cell-index-and-portable-rbc-analyzer-for-screening-of-iron-deficiency-and-thalassemia-minor-in-a-chinese-population
#12
Lieshu Tong, Josef Kauer, Sebastian Wachsmann-Hogiu, Kaiqin Chu, Hu Dou, Zachary J Smith
Anemia is a widespread public health problem with 1/4 ~1/3 of the world's population being affected. In Southeast Asia, Thalassemia trait (TT) and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) are the two most common anemia types and can have a serious impact on quality of life. IDA patients can be treated with iron supplementation, yet TT patients have diminished capacity to process iron. Therefore, distinguishing between types of anemia is essential for effective diagnosis and treatment. Here, we present two advances towards low-cost screening for anemia...
September 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869417/efficacy-of-intensive-hand-physical-therapy-in-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis
#13
József Horváth, Zsófia Bálint, Erika Szép, Aletta Deiszinger, Tünde Minier, Nelli Farkas, Enikő Török, Éva Horváthné Papp, Dalma Komjáti, Zsuzsanna Mándó, László Czirják, Cecilia Varjú
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of a three-week period of complex and intensive hand physical therapy on hand function in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: Thirty-one patients with SSc were treated. Hand stretching exercises, ergotherapy supplemented with thermal and mud baths, whirlpool therapy and soft tissue massage were daily used during a three-week period. The control SSc group (n=22) received similar management for their large joints leaving out their hands...
August 30, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856516/usefulness-of-esophagogastroduodenoscopy-and-18-f-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-in-detecting-synchronous-multiple-primary-cancers-with-oral-cancer
#14
Naomi Ishibashi-Kanno, Kenji Yamagata, Fumihiko Uchida, Shogo Hasegawa, Toru Yanagawa, Hiroki Bukawa
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare the value of screening for synchronous multiple primary cancers in other organs by esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) or (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography (PET-CT) in patients newly diagnosed with oral cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively examined consecutive Japanese patients who were diagnosed with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and were screened for synchronous multiple primary cancers in other organs by EGD and/or PET-CT between January 2010 and December 2015 at our institution...
August 31, 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855167/growth-differentiation-factor-15-is-associated-with-major-amputation-and-mortality-in-patients-with-peripheral-artery-disease
#15
Judith J De Haan, Saskia Haitjema, Hester M den Ruijter, Gerard Pasterkamp, Gert J de Borst, Martin Teraa, Marianne C Verhaar, Hendrik Gremmels, Saskia C A de Jager
BACKGROUND: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is one of the most common clinical presentations of atherosclerosis, and its prevalence is still increasing. Despite improvement of health care, morbidity and mortality risks remain high, including the risk of amputation. GDF15 (growth differentiation factor 15) is a member of the transforming growth factor family that is involved in apoptosis and inflammation; therefore, GDF15 is a potential biomarker to identify patients at high risk of adverse clinical outcomes...
August 30, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846633/strawberries-improve-pain-and-inflammation-in-obese-adults-with-radiographic-evidence-of-knee-osteoarthritis
#16
Jace Schell, R Hal Scofield, James R Barrett, Biji T Kurien, Nancy Betts, Timothy J Lyons, Yan Daniel Zhao, Arpita Basu
Osteoarthritis (OA), the most common form of arthritis, is a significant public health burden in U.S. adults. Among its many risk factors, obesity is a key player, causing inflammation, pain, impaired joint function, and reduced quality of life. Dietary polyphenols and other bioactive compounds in berries, curcumin, and tea have shown effects in ameliorating pain and inflammation in OA, but few clinical studies have been reported. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of dietary strawberries on pain, markers of inflammation, and quality of life indicators in obese adults with OA of the knee...
August 28, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844822/diet-and-fertility-a-review
#17
REVIEW
Audrey J Gaskins, Jorge E Chavarro
The literature on the relationship between diet and human fertility has greatly expanded over the last decade, resulting in the identification of a few clear patterns. Intake of supplemental folic acid, particularly at doses higher than those recommended for the prevention of neural tube defects, has been consistently related to lower frequency of infertility, lower risk of pregnancy loss, and greater success in infertility treatment. On the other hand and despite promising evidence from animal models, vitamin D does not appear to exert an important role in human fertility in the absence of deficiency...
August 24, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835228/vitamin-d-supplementation-in-cutaneous-malignant-melanoma-outcome-vidme-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
J De Smedt, S Van Kelst, V Boecxstaens, M Stas, K Bogaerts, D Vanderschueren, C Aura, K Vandenberghe, D Lambrechts, P Wolter, O Bechter, A Nikkels, T Strobbe, G Emri, V Marasigan, M Garmyn
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have investigated the protective effect of vitamin D serum levels, at diagnosis and during the follow-up period after treatment, on melanoma outcome. In the present study we assess whether vitamin D supplementation, in the follow-up period after diagnosis and surgical resection of the primary tumor, has a protective effect on relapse of cutaneous malignant melanoma and whether this protective effect correlates with vitamin D levels in serum and Vitamin D Receptor immunoreactivity in the primary tumor...
August 23, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831341/wide-awake-open-reduction-of-irreducible-metacarpal-phalangeal-joint-dislocations
#19
Daniel Mckee, Donald Lalonde
Supplemental Digital Content is available in the text.
July 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826781/clitoria-ternatea-flower-petals-effect-on-tnfr1-neutralization-via-downregulation-of-synovial-matrix-metalloproteases
#20
Rana Adhikary, Sahin Sultana, Biswadev Bishayi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Clitoria ternatea Linn. (C. ternatea) is a traditionally used herb in arthritis, and its anti-arthritic activity has been attributed to polyphenols (e.g. quercetins) from its flower petal. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present study was designed to investigate whether C. ternatea or quercetin-3ß-D-glucoside (QG) support the antibody mediated TNFα-receptor 1 (TNFR1) neutralization to ameliorate arthritis in mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Development of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in male Swiss mice (20-22g, 3-4 weeks of age) was followed by estimation of synovial polymorphonuclear cell (PMN) accumulation (in terms of myeloperoxidase activity), synovial and systemic release of cytokines, chemokines and C-reactive protein (CRP) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), biochemical estimation of synovial free radical generation and antioxidant status, as well as immunoblot assessment of synovial TNFR1, toll-like receptor 2(TLR2), cyclooxygenase-2(COX-2) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression; and zymographic analysis of synovial matrix-metalloprotease-2 (MMP-2) activity...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
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