keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

medicine in nigeria

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781693/collaborative-postgraduate-training-in-family-medicine-and-primary-care-reflections-on-my-visit-to-south-africa
#1
Felicity Goodyear-Smith
This reflection describes my funded visit to South Africa to assist in primary care research capacity building as Chair, WONCA Working Party on Research (WP-R). The trip included time at the Universities of Walter Sisulu, Limpopo and Stellenbosch to mentor postgraduate students working on master's and PhD theses. I held one-on-one and group sessions and ran interactive scientific writing workshops. I assisted with the establishment of a Stellenbosch University Family Physician Research Network of faculty academics and family physicians (FP) which will generate research questions from community stakeholders...
April 26, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772280/an-analysis-of-palliative-care-development-in-africa-a-ranking-based-on-region-specific-macro-indicators
#2
John Y Rhee, Eduardo Garralda, Eve Namisango, Emmanuel Luyirika, Liliana de Lima, Richard A Powell, Jesús López-Fidalgo, Carlos Centeno
CONTEXT: To date, there is no study comparing palliative care (PC) development among African countries. OBJECTIVE: To analyze comparatively PC development in African countries based on region-specific indicators. METHODS: Data were obtained from the APCA Atlas of PC in Africa and a comparative analysis conducted. Nineteen indicators were developed and defined through qualitative interviews with African PC experts and a two-round modified Delphi consensus process with international experts on global PC indicators...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721742/herbal-medicine-use-among-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-in-nigeria-understanding-the-magnitude-and-predictors-of-use
#3
Ogochukwu Ukamaka Amaeze, Roseline Iberi Aderemi-Williams, Modupeola Anuoluwapo Ayo-Vaughan, Deborah Aderoju Ogundemuren, Damilola Segun Ogunmola, Emmanuel Nwanolue Anyika
Background Patients with chronic diseases exploit complementary and alternative treatment options to manage their conditions better and improve well-being. Objective To determine the prevalence and predictors of herbal medicine use among Type 2 Diabetes patients in Lagos, Nigeria. Setting Secondary healthcare facilities in Lagos state, Nigeria. Method The study design was a cross sectional survey. A two-stage sampling approach was used to select the health facilities and patients were recruited consecutively to attain the sample size...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702565/self-medication-with-antibiotics-attitude-and-knowledge-of-antibiotic-resistance-among-community-residents-and-undergraduate-students-in-northwest-nigeria
#4
Olumide Ajibola, Olusola Akintoye Omisakin, Anthonius Anayochukwu Eze, Semeeh Akinwale Omoleke
This study set out to evaluate self-medicated antibiotics and knowledge of antibiotic resistance among undergraduate students and community members in northern Nigeria. Antibiotic consumption pattern, source of prescription, illnesses commonly treated, attitude towards antibiotics, and knowledge of antibiotic resistance were explored using a structured questionnaire. Responses were analyzed and summarized using descriptive statistics. Of the 1230 respondents from undergraduate students and community members, prescription of antibiotics by a physician was 33% and 57%, respectively, amongst undergraduate students and community members...
April 27, 2018: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695278/global-landscape-assessment-of-screening-technologies-for-medicine-quality-assurance-stakeholder-perceptions-and-practices-from-ten-countries
#5
Lukas Roth, Ameena Nalim, Beth Turesson, Laura Krech
BACKGROUND: The spread of substandard and falsified (SF) medical products constitutes a growing global public health concern. Some countries use portable, handheld screening technologies (STs) in the field to accelerate detection of SF medicines and reduce the number of medicine samples that undergo costly and time-consuming confirmatory analysis. METHODS: A multi-country, multi-stakeholder landscape assessment utilizing qualitative methodology was used to examine practices and perceptions related to the use of STs...
April 25, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684860/polyphenol-rich-extract-of-ocimum-gratissimum-leaves-ameliorates-colitis-via-attenuating-colonic-mucosa-injury-and-regulating-pro-inflammatory-cytokines-production-and-oxidative-stress
#6
Quadri K Alabi, Rufus O Akomolafe, Joseph G Omole, Modinat A Adefisayo, Olaofe L Ogundipe, Ayodeji Aturamu, Joseph O Sanya
Colitis is a chronic inflammation and ulcer on the inner lining of the large intestine. For many centuries Ocimum gratissimum (OG) leaves have been used in folk medicine in Nigeria to treat inflammatory bowel diseases, however, to date, the anti-colitis effects of OG have not been scientifically proven. In this study we investigated the effects of polyphenol rich extract of Ocimum gratissimum (PREOG) leaf on colonic mucosa injury in colitis, its mechanisms, initial administration time and dosage. Dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced rat colitis models was used...
April 20, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673137/herb-induced-liver-injuries-in-developing-nations-an-update
#7
REVIEW
Cecilia Nwadiuto Amadi, Orish Ebere Orisakwe
The last few decades have seen a rise in the use of herbal supplements, natural products, and traditional medicines. However, there are growing concerns related to the safety and toxicities of these medicines. These herbal medicines are associated with complications such as liver damage with a high incidence of mortalities and morbidities. Clinical manifestations range from asymptomatic cases with abnormal liver functions tests to sudden and severe liver failure necessitating liver transplantation. This work aimed to review the etiology, risk factors, diagnosis, clinical manifestations and selected clinical case reports of herbal hepatotoxicity in developing nations...
April 17, 2018: Toxics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617989/knowledge-of-venomous-snakes-snakebite-first-aid-treatment-and-prevention-among-clinicians-in-northern-nigeria-a-cross-sectional-multicentre-study
#8
Godpower C Michael, Bukar A Grema, Ibrahim Aliyu, Mohammed A Alhaji, Teslim O Lawal, Haliru Ibrahim, Aminu G Fikin, Fatima S Gyaran, Kennedy N Kane, Thomas D Thacher, Abba K Badamasi, Emmanuel Ogwuche
Background: Snakebite envenoming causes considerable morbidity and mortality in northern Nigeria. The clinician's knowledge of snakebite impacts outcome. We assessed clinicians' knowledge of snakebite envenoming to highlight knowledge and practice gaps for possible intervention to improve snakebite outcomes. Methods: This was a cross-sectional multicentre study of 374 doctors selected from the accident and emergency, internal medicine, family medicine/general outpatient, paediatrics and surgery departments of nine tertiary hospitals in northern Nigeria using a multistage sampling technique...
February 1, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557569/does-forest-loss-increase-human-disease-evidence-from-nigeria
#9
Julia Berazneva, Tanya S. Byker
It is estimated that about one quarter of the global disease burden in terms of healthy life years lost and about one quarter of all premature deaths can be attributed to modifiable environmental factors (Pruss-Ustun and Corvalan 2006). Three infectious diseases--diarrhea, respiratory infections, and malaria--account for the largest absolute burden in developing countries with children facing the greatest impacts. There is a growing body of evidence demonstrating the health burden of air and water pollution, as well as important productivity and income effects (see, for example, reviews of the literature in Pattanayak and Pfaff 2009 and Greenstone and Jack 2016)...
May 2017: American Economic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554885/antenatal-care-satisfaction-in-a-developing-country-a-cross-sectional-study-from-nigeria
#10
Dumbiri J Onyeajam, Sudha Xirasagar, Mahmud M Khan, James W Hardin, Oluwole Odutolu
BACKGROUND: Utilization of Antenatal Care (ANC) is very low in Nigeria. Self-reported patient satisfaction may be useful to identify provider- and facility-specific factors that can be improved to increase ANC satisfaction and utilization. METHODS: Exit interview data collected from ANC users and facility assessment survey data from 534 systematically selected facilities in four northern Nigerian states were used. Associations between patient satisfaction (satisfied, not-satisfied) and patient ratings of the provider's interactions, care processes, out-of-pocket costs, and quality of facility infrastructure were studied...
March 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477369/medicinal-plants-used-by-the-people-of-nsukka-local-government-area-south-eastern-nigeria-for-the-treatment-of-malaria-an-ethnobotanical-survey
#11
Uchenna E Odoh, Philip F Uzor, Chidimma L Eze, Theophine C Akunne, Chukwuma M Onyegbulam, Patience O Osadebe
ETHNOBOTANICAL RELEVANCE: Malaria is a serious public health problem especially in sub-Saharan African countries such as Nigeria. The causative parasite is increasingly developing resistance to the existing drugs. There is urgent need for alternative and affordable therapy from medicinal plants which have been used by the indigenous people for many years. AIM OF STUDY: This study was conducted to document the medicinal plant species traditionally used by the people of Nsukka Local Government Area in south-eastern Nigeria for the treatment of malaria...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441495/evaluating-the-treatment-costs-for-uncomplicated-malaria-at-a-public-healthcare-facility-in-nigeria-and-the-implications
#12
Charles C Ezenduka, Daniel Resende Falleiros, Brian B Godman
BACKGROUND: Accurate information on the facility costs of treatment is essential to enhance decision making and funding for malaria control. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to estimate the costs of providing treatment for uncomplicated malaria through a public health facility in Nigeria. METHODS: Hospital costs were estimated from a provider perspective, applying a standard costing procedure. Capital and recurrent expenditures were estimated using an ingredient approach combined with step-down methodology...
September 2017: PharmacoEconomics Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432673/anticounterfeiting-strategies-of-local-drug-manufacturers-in-lagos-nigeria-implications-for-public-health
#13
Olufinsho Awodele, Samson Fatoki
BACKGROUND: Nigeria has been plagued by counterfeit and poor quality medicines with several studies indicating varying degree of prevalence. Thus, this study is aimed at determining the anticounterfeiting strategies employed by local drug manufacturers in Lagos-Nigeria. METHOD: The first phase was a descriptive study which involves the use of a self-administered closed ended structured questionnaire to assess the anticounterfeiting strategies employed by local manufacturers in Nigeria...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Population Therapeutics and Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426263/drug-promotional-activities-in-nigeria-impact-on-the-prescribing-patterns-and-practices-of-medical-practitioners-and-the-implications
#14
Joseph O Fadare, Kazeem A Oshikoya, Olayinka O Ogunleye, Olufemi O Desalu, Alessandra Ferrario, Okezie O Enwere, Adekunle Adeoti, Taofiki A Sunmonu, Amos Massele, Amanj Baker, Brian Godman
OBJECTIVE: Pharmaceutical companies spend significant amount of resources on promotion influencing the prescribing behavior of physicians. Drug promotion can negatively impact on rational prescribing, which may adversely affect the quality of patient care. However, little is known about these activities in Nigeria as the most populous country in Africa. We therefore aimed to explore the nature of encounters between Nigerian physicians and pharmaceutical sales representatives (PSRs), and how these encounters influence prescribing habits...
April 2018: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414120/evaluation-of-the-anthelminthic-potential-of-duranta-erecta-l-verbenaceae-fruits-used-in-nigerian-ethnomedicine-as-a-vermifuge
#15
Munachimso Ihuoma Udobi, Terry Adaeze Nzeakor, Ifeanyi Gabriel Eke, Ikenna Onyema Ezeh, Amaechi Onyeabor, Idika Kalu Idika, Chukwunyere Okwudiri Nwosu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Duranta erecta L. fruits have been reported to have in vitro anthelminthic properties. People living in the tropical South-Eastern part of Nigeria use the plant in folk medicine for the treatment of malaria, abscesses and as a vermifuge. Although there are a few reports about its in vitro anthelminthic activity against different worm categories, scientific reports regarding its in vivo anthelminthic activity are limited. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study was designed with the aim of determining the potential of the plant as an anthelminthic and to verify the claims made by its local users...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389542/tranexamic-acid-for-treatment-of-women-with-post-partum-haemorrhage-in-nigeria-and-pakistan-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-data-from-the-woman-trial
#16
Bernadette Li, Alec Miners, Haleema Shakur, Ian Roberts
BACKGROUND: Sub-Saharan Africa and southern Asia account for almost 85% of global maternal deaths from post-partum haemorrhage. Early administration of tranexamic acid, within 3 h of giving birth, was shown to reduce the risk of death due to bleeding in women with post-partum haemorrhage in the World Maternal Antifibrinolytic (WOMAN) trial. We aimed to assess the cost-effectiveness of early administration of tranexamic acid for treatment of post-partum haemorrhage. METHODS: For this economic evaluation we developed a decision model to assess the cost-effectiveness of the addition of tranexamic acid to usual care for treatment of women with post-partum haemorrhage in Nigeria and Pakistan...
February 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382306/quality-medicines-in-maternal-health-results-of-oxytocin-misoprostol-magnesium-sulfate-and-calcium-gluconate-quality-audits
#17
Chimezie Anyakora, Yetunde Oni, Uchenna Ezedinachi, Adebola Adekoya, Ibrahim Ali, Charles Nwachukwu, Charles Esimone, Victor Abiola, Jude Nwokike
BACKGROUND: The high level of maternal mortality and morbidity as a result of complications due to childbirth is unacceptable. The impact of quality medicines in the management of these complications cannot be overemphasized. Most of those medicines are sensitive to environmental conditions and must be handled properly. In this study, the quality of oxytocin injection, misoprostol tablets, magnesium sulfate, and calcium gluconate injections was assessed across the six geopolitical zones of Nigeria...
January 30, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378990/prevalence-and-correlates-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-among-cancer-patients-in-usmanu-danfodiyo-university-teaching-hospital-sokoto-nigeria
#18
U M Aliyu, K J Awosan, M O Oche, A O Taiwo, A O Jimoh, E C Okuofo
BACKGROUND: The rate of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use among cancer patients is on the increase worldwide. This is due to the innate urge among humans to try new and alternative ways of medicine, especially where conventional medicine failed to provide satisfactory solution such as in sickle cell disease and cancer. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and correlates of CAM use among cancer patients in Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital (UDUTH), Sokoto, Nigeria...
December 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363633/prescribing-pattern-and-antibiotic-use-for-hospitalized-children-in-a-northern-nigerian-teaching-hospital
#19
Lawal Waisu Umar, Abdulmuminu Isah, Shuaibu Musa, Bilkisu Umar
BACKGROUND: Assessment of patterns of drug to detect performance problems and compliance with standards facilitates objective comparisons and impact evaluation. Children are at higher risk of consequences of irrational prescribing and antibiotic misuse. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the prescribing pattern and utilization of antibiotics for children using standard prescribing indicators and indices of rational drug prescribing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study of prescriptions for pediatric inpatients at a teaching hospital in Northern Nigeria...
January 2018: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345100/relationship-between-orthodox-and-traditional-medical-practitioners-in-the-transmission-of-traditional-medical-knowledge-in-nigeria
#20
Janet O Adekannbi
BACKGROUND: The problem of incomplete transmission of traditional medical knowledge to the younger generation is of concern to information professionals especially in developing countries where most rural communities depend on traditional medicine for primary health care. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the collaboration between orthodox and traditional medical practitioners as well as the implication of the collaboration for transmission of traditional medical knowledge in Nigeria...
January 18, 2018: Health Information and Libraries Journal
keyword
keyword
115695
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"