Read by QxMD icon Read

medicine in nigeria

Uchenna E Odoh, Philip F Uzor, Chidimma L Eze, Theophine C Akunne, Chukwuma M Onyegbulam, Patience O Osadebe
ETHNOBOTANICAL RELEVANCE: Malaria is a serious public health problem especially in sub-Saharan African countries such as Nigeria. The causative parasite is increasingly developing resistance to the existing drugs. There is urgent need for alternative and affordable therapy from medicinal plants which have been used by the indigenous people for many years. AIM OF STUDY: This study was conducted to document the medicinal plant species traditionally used by the people of Nsukka Local Government Area in south-eastern Nigeria for the treatment of malaria...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Charles C Ezenduka, Daniel Resende Falleiros, Brian B Godman
BACKGROUND: Accurate information on the facility costs of treatment is essential to enhance decision making and funding for malaria control. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to estimate the costs of providing treatment for uncomplicated malaria through a public health facility in Nigeria. METHODS: Hospital costs were estimated from a provider perspective, applying a standard costing procedure. Capital and recurrent expenditures were estimated using an ingredient approach combined with step-down methodology...
September 2017: PharmacoEconomics Open
Olufinsho Awodele, Samson Fatoki
BACKGROUND: Nigeria has been plagued by counterfeit and poor quality medicines with several studies indicating varying degree of prevalence. Thus, this study is aimed at determining the anticounterfeiting strategies employed by local drug manufacturers in Lagos-Nigeria. METHOD: The first phase was a descriptive study which involves the use of a self-administered closed ended structured questionnaire to assess the anticounterfeiting strategies employed by local manufacturers in Nigeria...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Population Therapeutics and Clinical Pharmacology
Joseph O Fadare, Kazeem A Oshikoya, Olayinka O Ogunleye, Olufemi O Desalu, Alessandra Ferrario, Okezie O Enwere, Adekunle Adeoti, Taofiki A Sunmonu, Amos Massele, Amanj Baker, Brian Godman
OBJECTIVE: Pharmaceutical companies spend significant amount of resources on promotion influencing the prescribing behavior of physicians. Drug promotion can negatively impact on rational prescribing, which may adversely affect the quality of patient care. However, little is known about these activities in Nigeria as the most populous country in Africa. We therefore aimed to explore the nature of encounters between Nigerian physicians and pharmaceutical sales representatives (PSRs), and how these encounters influence prescribing habits...
February 9, 2018: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
Munachimso Ihuoma Udobi, Terry Adaeze Nzeakor, Ifeanyi Gabriel Eke, Ikenna Onyema Ezeh, Amaechi Onyeabor, Idika Kalu Idika, Chukwunyere Okwudiri Nwosu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Duranta erecta L. fruits have been reported to have in vitro anthelminthic properties. People living in the tropical South-Eastern part of Nigeria use the plant in folk medicine for the treatment of malaria, abscesses and as a vermifuge. Although there are a few reports about its in vitro anthelminthic activity against different worm categories, scientific reports regarding its in vivo anthelminthic activity are limited. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study was designed with the aim of determining the potential of the plant as an anthelminthic and to verify the claims made by its local users...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Bernadette Li, Alec Miners, Haleema Shakur, Ian Roberts
BACKGROUND: Sub-Saharan Africa and southern Asia account for almost 85% of global maternal deaths from post-partum haemorrhage. Early administration of tranexamic acid, within 3 h of giving birth, was shown to reduce the risk of death due to bleeding in women with post-partum haemorrhage in the World Maternal Antifibrinolytic (WOMAN) trial. We aimed to assess the cost-effectiveness of early administration of tranexamic acid for treatment of post-partum haemorrhage. METHODS: For this economic evaluation we developed a decision model to assess the cost-effectiveness of the addition of tranexamic acid to usual care for treatment of women with post-partum haemorrhage in Nigeria and Pakistan...
February 2018: Lancet Global Health
Chimezie Anyakora, Yetunde Oni, Uchenna Ezedinachi, Adebola Adekoya, Ibrahim Ali, Charles Nwachukwu, Charles Esimone, Victor Abiola, Jude Nwokike
BACKGROUND: The high level of maternal mortality and morbidity as a result of complications due to childbirth is unacceptable. The impact of quality medicines in the management of these complications cannot be overemphasized. Most of those medicines are sensitive to environmental conditions and must be handled properly. In this study, the quality of oxytocin injection, misoprostol tablets, magnesium sulfate, and calcium gluconate injections was assessed across the six geopolitical zones of Nigeria...
January 30, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
U M Aliyu, K J Awosan, M O Oche, A O Taiwo, A O Jimoh, E C Okuofo
BACKGROUND: The rate of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use among cancer patients is on the increase worldwide. This is due to the innate urge among humans to try new and alternative ways of medicine, especially where conventional medicine failed to provide satisfactory solution such as in sickle cell disease and cancer. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and correlates of CAM use among cancer patients in Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital (UDUTH), Sokoto, Nigeria...
December 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Lawal Waisu Umar, Abdulmuminu Isah, Shuaibu Musa, Bilkisu Umar
BACKGROUND: Assessment of patterns of drug to detect performance problems and compliance with standards facilitates objective comparisons and impact evaluation. Children are at higher risk of consequences of irrational prescribing and antibiotic misuse. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the prescribing pattern and utilization of antibiotics for children using standard prescribing indicators and indices of rational drug prescribing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study of prescriptions for pediatric inpatients at a teaching hospital in Northern Nigeria...
January 2018: Annals of African Medicine
Janet O Adekannbi
BACKGROUND: The problem of incomplete transmission of traditional medical knowledge to the younger generation is of concern to information professionals especially in developing countries where most rural communities depend on traditional medicine for primary health care. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the collaboration between orthodox and traditional medical practitioners as well as the implication of the collaboration for transmission of traditional medical knowledge in Nigeria...
January 18, 2018: Health Information and Libraries Journal
Abidemi J Akindele, Joy A Oladimeji-Salami, Ramon A Oyetola, Daniel D Osiagwu
Background: Due to its nutritional and medicinal values, the leaf of Telfairia occidentalis Hook f. (Cucurbitaceae) is consumed in different parts of Nigeria. Acute and sub-chronic toxicity of the hydroethanolic leaf extract of Telfairiaoccidentalis were investigated in this study. Methods: Sixty-four male rats were randomized into four different groups of 16 animals each and were separately administered 80, 400 and 2000 mg/kg T. occidentalis orally (p.o.) for 60 days. Animals were sacrificed and blood samples were collected for hematological and biochemical analyses...
January 6, 2018: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
O O Odikamnoro, I M Ikeh, F N Okoh, S C Ebiriekwe, I A Nnadozie, J O Nkwuda, G C Asobie
Background: Malaria and typhoid fever are two leading infections of poverty with serious health and socioeconomic impacts, and due to their geographical overlap, co-infections are very common. Their mimicking symptomatology often present with gross misdiagnosis and mistreatment. This study was carried out to determine the incidence of malaria and typhoid co-infections among adult population in Unwana Community, Afikpo-North Local Government Area of Ebonyi State. Materials and Methods: Three hundred and fifty (350) individuals were examined, their blood samples subjected to microscopic examination and widal agglutination tests, for identification of Plasmodium parasites and antibodies to Salmonella enterica serovar typhi respectively...
2018: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
Chinazo Ujuju, Jennifer Anyanti, Paul N Newton, Godwin Ntadom
BACKGROUND: Oral artemisinin monotherapy (AMT), an important contributor to multi-drug resistant malaria, has been banned in Nigeria. While oral AMT has scarcely been found for several years now in other malaria-endemic countries, availability has persisted in Nigeria's private sector. In 2015, the ACTwatch project conducted a nationally representative outlet survey. Results from the outlet survey show the extent to which oral AMT prevails in Nigeria's anti-malarial market, and provide key product information to guide strategies for removal...
December 15, 2017: Malaria Journal
Onochie Okoye, Daniel Nwachukwu, Ferdinand C Maduka-Okafor
BACKGROUND: As the practice of medicine inevitably raises both ethical and legal issues, it had been recommended since 1999 that medical ethics and human rights be taught at every medical school. Most Nigerian medical schools still lack a formal undergraduate medical ethics curriculum. Medical education remains largely focused on traditional medical science components, leaving the medical students to develop medical ethical decision-making skills and moral attitudes passively within institutions noted for relatively strong paternalistic traditions...
December 8, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
Adekunle Olatayo Adeoti, Olufemi Olumuyiwa Desalu, Joseph Olusesan Fadare, Wemimo Alaofin, Cajetan Chigozie Onyedum
Background: Bronchoscopy is a vital diagnostic and therapeutic procedure in pulmonological practice. The aim of this study was to determine the perception, use and challenges encountered by Nigerian medical doctors involved in this procedure. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 250 medical doctors recruited from three major tertiary institutions in Nigeria between September 2013 and June 2014. A semi-structured questionnaire was self-administered to adult physicians, paediatricians, and surgeons as well as their trainees to obtain their perception, use and associated challenges in the use of bronchoscopy in clinical practice...
July 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Sorbari Igbiri, Nnaemeka Arinze Udowelle, Osazuwa Clinton Ekhator, Rose Ngozi Asomugha, Zelinjo Nkeiruka Igweze, Orish Ebere Orisakwe
Edible mushrooms are highly nutritious with vast pharmacological/medicinal properties. This study has determined the potential human health risk associated with the consumption of mushroom in Niger Delta, Nigeria. Concentrations of Pb, Cd, Sn, Cu, Ni, Al and Zn in both wild/cultivated mushroom and background soil/substrate were determined using Atomic Absorption Spectrometer (AAS). Heavy metal pollution was calculated using bioaccumulation factor (BAF) and pollution load index (PLI) while human health risk assessment employed estimated daily intake (EDI), target hazard quotient (THQ), hazard index (HI), carcinogenic risk (CR) and total cancer risk (TCR)...
November 29, 2017: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Omonike O Ogbole, Peter A Segun, Adekunle J Adeniji
BACKGROUND: Cancer is a leading cause of death world-wide, with approximately 17.5 million new cases and 8.7 million cancer related deaths in 2015. The problems of poor selectivity and severe side effects of the available anticancer drugs, have demanded the need for the development of safer and more effective chemotherapeutic agents. The present study was aimed at determining the cytotoxicities of 31 medicinal plants extracts, used in Nigerian ethnomedicine for the treatment of cancer...
November 22, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Dhananjay Kumar Singh, Harveer Singh Cheema, Archana Saxena, Jyotshana, Shilpi Singh, Mahendra P Darokar, Dnyaneshwar U Bawankule, Karuna Shanker, Suaib Luqman
BACKGROUND: Lawsonia inermis L. is a well-documented plant for cosmetic as well as medicinal properties. It is used by local communities in India and Nigeria for the treatment of many parasitic diseases, including malaria. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: Earlier studies on the plant's antiplasmodial activity were not assigned to any phytochemical with no quality assurance data. In this report, a recent chemically characterized extract and it's major constituent were investigated for in vitro antiplasmodial activity on chloroquine sensitive NF-54 strain...
December 1, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Hamish R Graham, Adejumoke I Ayede, Ayobami A Bakare, Oladapo B Oyewole, David Peel, Amy Gray, Barbara McPake, Eleanor Neal, Shamim Qazi, Rasa Izadnegahdar, Adegoke G Falade, Trevor Duke
BACKGROUND: Oxygen is a life-saving, essential medicine that is important for the treatment of many common childhood conditions. Improved oxygen systems can reduce childhood pneumonia mortality substantially. However, providing oxygen to children is challenging, especially in small hospitals with weak infrastructure and low human resource capacity. METHODS/DESIGN: This trial will evaluate the implementation of improved oxygen systems at secondary-level hospitals in southwest Nigeria...
October 27, 2017: Trials
Vivienne L Williams, Andrew J Loveridge, David J Newton, David W Macdonald
The African lion is in decline across its range, and consumptive utilisation and trade of their body parts and skins has been postulated as a cause for concern. We undertook a pan-African questionnaire and literature survey to document informed opinion and evidence for the occurrence of domestic and international trade and consumption in African lion body parts across current and former range states. Sixty-five people from 18 countries participated in the online questionnaire survey (run from July 2014 to May 2015), with information provided for 28 countries (including 20 out of 24 countries believed to have extant populations)...
2017: PloS One
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"