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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895667/attitude-to-the-menopause-and-sex-amongst-middle-aged-women-in-a-family-medicine-clinic-in-ibadan-nigeria
#1
Folasade Adenike Bello, Olufunmilola Olutosin Daramola
Background. Menopause is the expected end of reproductive life. Having a positive attitude towards it has been shown to result in a positive experience, while a negative attitude is associated with negative experiences and symptoms. Traditionally, women often abstain from sex after menopause. The study aimed to determine the level of awareness and perceptions about the menopause and sex in perimenopausal women attending a general outpatient clinic. Methods. Women over 40 years were recruited from the Family Medicine Department of University College Hospital, excluding those who were menopausal...
2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889258/unilateral-collaboration-the-practices-and-understandings-of-traditional-birth-attendants-in-southeastern-nigeria
#2
Magdalena Ohaja, Jo Murphy-Lawless
BACKGROUND: Despite the promotion of hospital-based maternity care as the safest option, for less developed countries, many women particularly those in the rural areas continue to patronise indigenous midwives or traditional birth attendants. Little is known about traditional birth attendants' perspectives regarding their pregnancy and birth practices. AIM: To explore traditional birth attendants' discourses of their pregnancy and birthing practices in southeast Nigeria...
November 23, 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816564/community-health-workers-provide-integrated-community-case-management-using-malaria-rapid-diagnostic-test-kits
#3
Bright C Orji, Namratha Rao, Elizabeth Thompson, William R Brieger, Emmanuel 'Dipo Otolorin
BACKGROUND: Throughout Nigeria malaria is an endemic disease. Efforts to treat malaria can also be combined with other illnesses including pneumonia and diarrhea, which are killing children under five years of age. The use of Rapid Diagnostic Test (RDT) aids early diagnosis of malaria and informs when other illnesses should be considered. Those with positive RDT results should be treated with Artemisinin-based Combination Therapy (ACTs), while those with negative RDTs results are further investigated for pneumonia and diarrhea...
October 26, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814763/scaling-up-the-use-of-sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine-for-the-preventive-treatment-of-malaria-in-pregnancy-results-and-lessons-on-scalability-costs-and-programme-impact-from-three-local-government-areas-in-sokoto-state-nigeria
#4
Nosa Orobaton, Anne M Austin, Dele Abegunde, Mohammed Ibrahim, Zainab Mohammed, Jumare Abdul-Azeez, Hakeem Ganiyu, Zwalle Nanbol, Bolaji Fapohunda, Katherine Beal
BACKGROUND: Intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy with 3+ doses of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (IPTp-SP) reduces maternal mortality and stillbirths in malaria endemic areas. Between December 2014 and December 2015, a project to scale up IPTp-SP to all pregnant women was implemented in three local government areas (LGA) of Sokoto State, Nigeria. The intervention included community education and mobilization, household distribution of SP, and community health information systems that reminded mothers of upcoming SP doses...
November 4, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812808/the-value-of-internet-tools-in-undergraduate-surgical-education-perspective-of-medical-students-in-a-developing-country
#5
S O Ekenze, C I Okafor, O S Ekenze, J N Nwosu, U F Ezepue
OBJECTIVE: Advances in information technology (IT) in the past decade present opportunities and challenges in undergraduate surgical education. There may be need to evaluate the knowledge base and the use of Internet tools among medical students in settings where traditional mode of education is preeminent. This may help to establish a conceptual framework for integrating e-learning into the traditional teaching to enhance learning experience. In this study, we evaluated the medical students' knowledge and use of Internet tools, and their opinion on the application of these tools in surgical education...
November 3, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812177/overdependence-on-for-profit-pharmacies-a-descriptive-survey-of-user-evaluation-of-medicines-availability-in-public-hospitals-in-selected-nigerian-states
#6
Boniface Ayanbekongshie Ushie, David Betelwhobel Ugal, Justin Agorye Ingwu
OBJECTIVE: Lower availability of medicines in Nigerian public health facilities-the most affordable option for the masses-undermines global health reforms to improve access to health for all, especially the chronically ill and poor. Thus, a sizeable proportion of healthcare users, irrespective of purchasing power, buy medicines at higher costs from for-profit pharmacies. We examined user evaluation of medicine availability in public facilities and how this influences their choice of where to buy medicines in selected states-Cross River, Enugu and Oyo-in Nigeria...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730099/malaria-in-travellers-returning-or-migrating-to-canada-surveillance-report-from-cantravnet-surveillance-data-2004-2014
#7
Andrea K Boggild, Jennifer Geduld, Michael Libman, Cedric P Yansouni, Anne E McCarthy, Jan Hajek, Wayne Ghesquiere, Jean Vincelette, Susan Kuhn, David O Freedman, Kevin C Kain
BACKGROUND: Malaria remains the most common specific cause of fever in returned travellers and can be life-threatening. We examined demographic and travel correlates of malaria among Canadian travellers and immigrants to identify groups for targeted pretravel intervention. METHODS: Descriptive data on ill returned Canadian travellers and immigrants presenting to a CanTravNet site between 2004 and 2014 with a diagnosis of malaria were analyzed. Data were collected using the GeoSentinel data platform...
July 2016: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721686/book-appraisal-history-of-dentistry-in-nigeria
#8
O S Michael
The book appraised in this edition of Chronicles of Medical History, History of Dentistry in Nigeria, is a product of many years of painstaking research. The Author, Professor Eyitope Ogunbodede, has put together an excellent book that is a great work of art. Dentistry is one of the first specialties in medicine with a very long history; evidence of periodontal disease has been traced back to at least 100, 000 years in human remains. However, the book by Professor Ogunbodede is the first comprehensive record of the History of dentistry in Nigeria...
June 2016: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721681/medication-history-documentation-in-referral-letters-of-children-presenting-at-the-emergency-unit-of-a-teaching-hospital-in-lagos-nigeria
#9
K A Oshikoya, M U Orji, I A Oreagba
BACKGROUND: Medical literature has demonstrated that referral hospitals often receive inadequate information about the care and medications their patients received from referring hospitals. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the completeness of referral letters, especially the medication history, for patient presenting at the children emergency room of a teaching hospital in Lagos, Nigeria. METHOD: A pro forma form was developed to obtain from the referral letters the demographic information of children referred to the emergency room of the Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH), Idiaraba, over a period of three months...
June 2016: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721654/urban-rural-differences-in-health-care-seeking-pattern-of-residents-of-abia-state-nigeria-and-the-implication-in-the-control-of-ncds
#10
Ugochukwu U Onyeonoro, Okechukwu S Ogah, Andrew U Ukegbu, Innocent I Chukwuonye, Okechukwu O Madukwe, Akhimiem O Moses
BACKGROUND: Understanding the differences in care-seeking pattern is key in designing interventions aimed at improving health-care service delivery, including prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases. The aim of this study was to identify the differences and determinants of care-seeking patterns of urban and rural residents in Abia State in southeast Nigeria. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, community-based, study involving 2999 respondents aged 18 years and above...
2016: Health Services Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720436/supply-chain-management-of-health-commodities-for-reducing-global-disease-burden-are-pharmacists-in-nigeria-aware-and-ready-to-play-a-key-role
#11
Otuto Amarauche Chukwu, Valentine Nnaemeka Ezeanochikwa, Benedict Ejikeme Eya
PURPOSE: Reducing global disease burden requires improving access to medicines, thus the need for efficient and effective supply chain management for medicines. The Nigerian government came up with new policies on Mega Drug Distribution Centres and National Drug Distribution Guidelines to improve access to quality medicines with pharmacists having a key role to play. However, pharmacists in Nigeria seem not to be aware and adequately equipped to handle the medicines supply chain. This article aimed at assessing the awareness and readiness of Nigerian pharmacists on supply chain management practices for improving access to medicines...
September 12, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716155/specialty-preferences-among-final-year-medical-students-in-medical-schools-of-southeast-nigeria-need-for-career-guidance
#12
Edmund Ndudi Ossai, Kenechi Anderson Uwakwe, Uchenna Chidi Anyanwagu, Ntat Charles Ibiok, Benedict Ndubueze Azuogu, Ngozi Ekeke
BACKGROUND: In resource-poor settings with low doctor-population ratio, there is need for equitable distribution of healthcare workforce. The specialty preferences of medical students determine the future composition of physician workforce hence its relevance in career guidance, healthcare planning and policy formulation. This study was aimed at determining the specialty preferences of final year medical students in medical schools of southeast Nigeria, the gender differences in choice of specialty and the availability of career guidance to the students during the period of training...
October 4, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687854/integrating-informal-providers-into-a-people-centered-health-systems-approach-qualitative-evidence-from-local-health-systems-in-rural-nigeria
#13
Maia Sieverding, Naomi Beyeler
BACKGROUND: The presence of a large informal healthcare sector in many low- and middle-income countries poses both challenges and opportunities for achieving a people-centered health system. However, few studies have considered how informal providers may fit into a people-centered health systems approach. We examine the self-described roles and motivations of informal medicine vendors and public healthcare workers in rural Nigeria, as well as interactions between them, with the aim of identifying how local health systems may be reoriented for improved service delivery through a people-centered approach...
September 29, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637552/predictors-of-work-family-role-conflict-and-its-impact-on-professional-women-in-medicine-engineering-and-information-technology-in-nigeria
#14
Anthonia Ginika Uzoigwe, Wah Yun Low, Siti Nurani Mohd Noor
This study examines work-family role conflict and the factors predicting it, with a sample of 173 professional women in engineering and information technology (IT) firms, including 2 hospitals-1 public and 1 private. Our findings show no significant difference in the level of work-family role conflict encountered by women across medicine, engineering, and IT, whereas hours of work, family responsibilities, job demand, and work role overload were significantly correlated with work-family role conflict. Multiple linear regression analysis indicates that only work role overload, family responsibilities, and hours of work significantly predicted 45...
September 16, 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619220/is-the-knowledge-and-attitude-of-physicians-in-nigeria-adequate-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#15
Obianuju B Ozoh, Oluwadamilola O Ojo, Sandra O Iwuala, Ayesha O Akinkugbe, Olufemi O Desalu, Njideka U Okubadejo
PURPOSE: The knowledge and attitude of doctors in Nigeria towards obstructive sleep apnea is not known. We evaluated the level of knowledge and attitude regarding OSA among resident doctors in Internal Medicine and general practitioners in Nigeria. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey among doctors during continuing medical education programs was conducted. The Obstructive Sleep Apnea Knowledge and Attitude (OSAKA) questionnaire was used to obtain information. RESULTS: Two hundred seventy-three doctors (235 resident doctors and 38 general practitioners) participated in the study...
September 12, 2016: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605963/knowledge-and-use-of-asthma-control-measurement-tools-in-the-management-of-asthma-a-survey-of-doctors-working-in-family-and-internal-medicine-practice-in-nigeria
#16
Olufemi Olumuyiwa Desalu, Cajetan C Onyedum, Adekunle O Adeoti, Obianuju B Ozoh, Joseph O Fadare
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the knowledge and use of asthma control measurement (ACM) tools in the management of asthma among doctors working in family and internal medicine practice in Nigeria. METHOD: A questionnaire based on the global initiative on asthma (GINA) guideline was self-administered by 194 doctors. It contains 12 test items on knowledge of ACM tools and its application. The knowledge score was obtained by adding the correct answers and classified as good if the score ≥ 9, satisfactory if score was 6-8 and poor if < 6...
June 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591129/access-to-age-appropriate-essential-medicines-a-retrospective-survey-of-compounding-of-medicines-for-children-in-hospitals-in-nigeria-and-implications-for-policy-development
#17
Ebiowei Samuel F Orubu, Chinyere Okwelogu, Olabisi Opanuga, Tony Nunn, Catherine Tuleu
Policies to improve access to medicines for children in Nigeria do not include compounding as a source of medicines. Compounding is often applied as a last resort in health institutions to provide age-appropriate formulations usually for oral use in young children; but it bears some risk. Some countries have adopted policies aimed at reducing the risk based on available data. There is not much data for Nigeria. This retrospective study examined compounding records from January to December 2011 in a sample of seven hospitals to describe what medicines for oral use were commonly compounded in Nigeria...
September 1, 2016: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574769/conception-of-pharmacological-knowledge-and-needs-amongst-nigerian-medical-students-at-lagos-state-university-college-of-medicine-implication-for-future-biomedical-science-in-africa
#18
Luther Agbonyegbeni Agaga, Theresa Adebola John
In Nigeria, medical students are trained in more didactic environments than their counterparts in researchintensive academic medical centers. Their conception of pharmacology was thus sought. Students who are taking/have takenthe medical pharmacology course completed an 18-question survey within 10min by marking one/more choices fromalternatives. Instructions were: "Dear Participant, Please treat as confidential, give your true view, avoid influences, avoidcrosstalk, return survey promptly." Out of 301 students, 188 (62...
2016: Nigerian Journal of Physiological Sciences: Official Publication of the Physiological Society of Nigeria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27559312/assessment-of-potential-herb-drug-interactions-among-nigerian-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#19
Udoamaka Ezuruike, Jose M Prieto
It is becoming increasingly evident that patients with diabetes do not rely only on prescription drugs for their disease management. The use of herbal medicines is one of the self-management practices adopted by these patients, often without the knowledge of their healthcare practitioners. This study assessed the potential for pharmacokinetic herb-drug interactions (HDIs) amongst Nigerian adult diabetic patients. This was done through a literature analysis of the pharmacokinetic profile of their herbal medicines and prescription drugs, based on information obtained from 112 patients with type-2 diabetes attending two secondary health care facilities in Nigeria...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487591/determinants-of-specialty-choice-of-resident-doctors-case-study-among-resident-doctors-in-nigeria
#20
Roland I Osuoji, Atinuke Adebanji, Moruf A Abdulsalam, Mobolaji A Oludara, Abimbola A Abolarinwa
OBJECTIVE: This study examined medical specialty selection by Nigerian resident doctors using a marketing research approach to determine the selection criteria and the role of perceptions, expected remuneration, and job placement prospects of various specialties in the selection process. METHODS: Data were from the Community of residents from April 2014 to July 2014. The cohort included 200 residents, but only 171 had complete information. Data were obtained from a cross section of resident doctors in the Lagos State University Teaching Hospital and at the 2014 Ordinary General Meeting of the National Association of Resident Doctors(NARD) where representatives from over 50 Teaching hospitals in Nigeria attended...
July 2015: Nigerian Journal of Medicine: Journal of the National Association of Resident Doctors of Nigeria
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