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intraoperative cardiac arrest

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290079/buckberg-versus-calafiore-cardioplegia-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndromes
#1
Elmar W Kuhn, Oliver Liakopoulos, Ingo Slottosch, Antje Christin Deppe, Yeong-Hoon Choi, Navid Madershahian, Thorsten C W Wahlers
BACKGROUND:  Choice of cardioplegic solution plays a pivotal role in special subgroups of patients referred for on-pump cardiac surgery. This retrospective analysis aimed to assess the impact of intermittent warm (Calafiore, Cala) versus intermittent cold blood cardioplegia (Buckberg, Buck) in patients referred to coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery due to acute coronary syndromes (ACS). METHODS:  From 2008 to 2015, all consecutive patients undergoing urgent on-pump CABG surgery due to ACS (n = 950) were retrospectively analyzed...
December 31, 2017: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260132/clinicopathological-analysis-of-appendiceal-mucinous-tumors-a-single-center-experience
#2
Arif Emre, Mehmet Sertkaya, İlhami Taner Kale
Objective: Appendiceal mucinous tumors can be encountered in four different types. The clinical approach varies according to these types and the severity of the present disease. We aimed to share clinical, radiological, and pathological features and surgical options of the patients diagnosed with mucinous tumors at our center. Material and Methods: Between August 2009 and March 2016, 757 patients underwent appendectomy for presumed diagnosis of acute appendicitis at the Department of Surgery, Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University School of Medicine, Kahramanmaraş, Turkey...
2017: Turkish Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246553/intraoperative-cardiac-arrest-caused-by-air-embolism-during-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-segmentectomy
#3
Nai-Liang Li, Chen-Sung Lin, Chih-Hsun Shih, Chia-Chuan Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246546/surgical-unroofing-of-intramural-anomalous-aortic-origin-of-a-coronary-artery-in-pediatric-patients-single-center-perspective
#4
Shagun Sachdeva, Michele A Frommelt, Michael E Mitchell, James S Tweddell, Peter C Frommelt
BACKGROUND: Intramural anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery (AAOCA) is associated with an increased risk of sudden cardiac death. This is amenable to surgical coronary unroofing, but outcomes studies are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To perform a comprehensive review of our institutional experience with pediatric patients with AAOCA who underwent surgical repair with unroofing of the intramural segment, focusing on preoperative and postoperative course and testing as well as intraoperative findings...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240067/-myocardial-protection-during-left-ventricular-reconstruction-in-patients-with-an-ejection-fraction-below-30
#5
V V Bazylev, E V Rosseĭkin, E E Kobzev, M E Evdokimov
Surgical reconstruction of the left ventricle is an effective method of treatment for ischaemic cardiomyopathy. One of the conditions of successful intervention is correctly choosing a method of intraoperative myocardial protection. Currently, two techniques of myocardial protection are used: cardioplegic cardiac arrest and continuous myocardial perfusion on the beating heart. A series of experimental studies demonstrated that myocardial oxygen requirements in ischaemic cardiomyopathy during permanent perfusion are three times higher than during cardioplegic cardiac arrest...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205502/intraoperative-thermographic-imaging-to-assess-myocardial-distribution-of-del-nido-cardioplegia
#6
Prashant Rao, Jack B Keenan, Taufiek K Rajab, Alice Ferng, Samuel Kim, Zain Khalpey
We describe the intraoperative non-invasive use of an infrared (IR) camera to monitor Del Nido cardioplegia delivery in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Thermal pictures were taken pre- and post-cardioplegia and at timed points after arrest, and compared to readings from a transseptal temperature probe. There was good concordance between the transseptal probe and the IR camera temperature readings. This non-invasive technique, which assesses cardioplegic distribution, may help to determine when additional doses of Del Nido cardioplegia are required during periods of cardioplegic arrest...
December 2017: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204888/initial-robotic-assistance-in-the-surgical-management-of-renal-cell-carcinoma-with-level-4-cavoatrial-thrombus
#7
Isaac Palma-Zamora, Deepansh Dalela, Ravi Barod, Linda Hsu, Mani Menon, Craig G Rogers
We report a case of left-sided renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with level 4 cavoatrial tumor thrombus where robotic assistance was used to achieve hemostasis around the kidney in order to minimize coagulopathic hemorrhage from the nephrectomy bed during subsequent open completion nephrectomy and cavoatrial thrombectomy under extracorporeal circulation and hypothermic circulatory arrest. Robotic assistance allowed for meticulous dissection and ligation of parasitic and arterial vessels to the kidney, release of renal attachments, and exposure of the inferior vena cava...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097138/does-length-of-intubation-before-tracheostomy-affect-intensive-care-unit-length-of-stay
#8
Shaun R Young, Gary F Bouloux, Sebastian D Perez, Shelly Abramowicz
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine if length of intubation before tracheotomy (LIT) affects length of stay in the intensive care unit (ICU). STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective case series of patients who had open tracheotomies at Grady Memorial Hospital by the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (OMS) service. Medical records were reviewed to document patient demographic characteristics, etiology for ventilator dependence, and complications. The primary predictor variable was LIT and primary outcome variable was length of stay in ICU after tracheotomy...
September 27, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076979/the-impact-of-intraoperative-magnetic-resonance-imaging-on-patient-safety-management-during-awake-craniotomy
#9
Kotoe Kamata, Takashi Maruyama, Hiroshi Iseki, Minoru Nomura, Yoshihiro Muragaki, Makoto Ozaki
BACKGROUND: Awake craniotomy paired with intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging (iMRI) is now the established technique for maximizing surgical resection, while preserving neurological function. However, leaving an unsecured airway patient in the iMRI gantry represents considerable risk. Our study aimed at identifying the incidence of critical adverse events in unsecured airway patients during iMRI as part of awake craniotomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a clinical chart review of consecutive awake craniotomies performed between November 1999 and December 2015...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076786/adenosine-induced-cardiac-arrest-as-an-alternative-to-temporary-clipping-during-intracranial-aneurysm-surgery
#10
Patcharin Intarakhao, Peeraphong Thiarawat, Behnam Rezai Jahromi, Danil A Kozyrev, Mario K Teo, Joham Choque-Velasquez, Teemu Luostarinen, Juha Hernesniemi
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of adenosine-induced cardiac arrest (AiCA) on temporary clipping (TC) and the postoperative cerebral infarction rate among patients undergoing intracranial aneurysm surgery. METHODS In this retrospective matched-cohort study, 65 patients who received adenosine for decompression of aneurysms during microsurgical clipping were identified (Group A) and randomly matched with 65 selected patients who underwent clipping but did not receive adenosine during surgery (Group B)...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984093/effects-of-laparoscopic-radical-prostatectomy-on-intraoperative-autonomic-nervous-system-control-of-hemodynamics
#11
Ferdinando Raimondi, Riccardo Colombo, Elena Costantini, Andrea Marchi, Alberto Corona, Tommaso Fossali, Beatrice Borghi, Stefano Figini, Stefano Guzzetti, Alberto Porta
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy induces hemodynamic changes that have been supposed due to autonomic nervous system activity. The aim of this study is to measure the sympathetic and vagal modulation on hemodynamic response to steep Trendelenburg and pneumoperitoneum for laparoscopic surgery. METHODS: Autonomic nervous system modulation was assessed noninvasively through heart rate variability and arterial pressure variability analysis in patients undergoing elective laparoscopic radical prostatectomy and in awake volunteers during head-down tilt...
October 4, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876571/duodenectomy-managing-the-fistula
#12
M Govender, O Matsevych, F Ghoor, N Singh, C Molenaar
BACKGROUND: Duodenectomy is rarely indicated, however, in certain circumstances may have be performed. Enterocutaneous fistula (ECF) is the main cause of serious adverse outcomes. Its management remains challenging. METHOD: Two cases of emergency duodenectomy are presented. The management of ECF is described and discussed. RESULTS: Case 1: A 22-year-old male presented in septic shock with perforated duodenal ulcer, suffered two cardiac arrests before index surgery...
September 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853604/a-fatal-case-of-amphetamine-induced-ischaemic-colitis
#13
P A Green, Clf Battersby, R M Heath, L McCrossan
Amphetamine induced ischaemic colitis is an exceedingly rare presentation of amphetamine toxicity. The cases reported in the literature have described mild or transient disease. We present a fatal case of ischaemic colitis induced by amphetamine use in a 44-year-old woman who presented in extremis after a cardiac arrest en route to the emergency department. A short history of headache, abdominal pain, vomiting and agitation preceded her admission. Imaging revealed changes consistent with ischaemic colitis. Emergency laparotomy revealed widespread colonic necrosis necessitating a subtotal colectomy...
September 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801040/extracorporeal-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-for-blunt-cardiac-rupture
#14
Shunsuke Kudo, Keiji Tanaka, Kunihiko Okada, Takahiro Takemura
Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) followed by operating room sternotomy, rather than resuscitative thoracotomy, might be life-saving for patients with blunt cardiac rupture and cardiac arrest who do not have multiple severe traumatic injuries. A 49-year-old man was injured in a vehicle crash and transferred to the emergency department. On admission, he was hemodynamically stable, but a plain chest radiograph revealed a widened mediastinum, and echocardiography revealed hemopericardium. A computed tomography scan revealed hemopericardium and mediastinal hematoma, without other severe traumatic injuries...
November 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799206/the-incidence-and-characteristics-of-3-month-mortality-after-intraoperative-cardiac-arrest-in-adults
#15
M Hur, H-C Lee, K H Lee, J-T Kim, C-W Jung, H-P Park
BACKGROUND: There is little information about clinical outcomes after intraoperative cardiac arrest (IOCA). We determined the incidence and characteristics of 3-month mortality after IOCA. METHODS: The electronic medical records of 238,648 adult surgical patients from January 2005 to December 2014 were reviewed retrospectively. Characteristics of IOCA were documented using the Utstein reporting template. RESULTS: IOCA occurred in 50 patients (21/100,000 surgeries)...
October 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772171/factors-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-perioperative-cardiac-arrest-in-emergent-and-elective-craniotomy-and-spine-surgery
#16
Timothy D Quinn, Ethan Y Brovman, Linda S Aglio, Richard D Urman
OBJECTIVE: Cardiac arrest following neurosurgery is a devastating complication associated with significant postoperative morbidity and mortality. There are no published studies that have used a large and robust multicenter database to specifically examine demographic and surgical risk factors associated with cardiac arrests following craniotomy and spine surgeries, respectively. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database for the period between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2013, focusing on cardiac arrest associated with craniotomy and spine surgery from the intraoperative period to 30days after surgery...
October 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723765/perioperative-management-of-intracardiac-leiomyomatosis-an-observational-cohort-study
#17
Jiaying Xu, Min Wei, Qi Miao, Bin Zhu, Chunhua Yu, Yuguang Huang
Intracardiac leiomyomatosis (ICLM) is a rare condition in which the benign tumor extends into the right heart chambers through inferior vena cava. The best surgical approach still remains unclear.We present a retrospective cohort of 36 patients diagnosed with ICLM in Peking Union Medical College Hospital between 2002 and 2016.The mean patient age was 44.5 (range 25-55) years. The clinical manifestations were various, including shortness of breath, chest tightness, edema of the lower extremities, palpitations, syncope, etc...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704248/low-end-tidal-carbon-dioxide-at-the-onset-of-emergent-trauma-surgery-is-associated-with-nonsurvival-a-case-series
#18
Roman Dudaryk, Danielle K Bodzin, Juliet J Ray, Craig S Jabaley, Richard R McNeer, Richard H Epstein
BACKGROUND: End-tidal carbon dioxide (EtCO2) is a valuable marker of the return of adequate circulation after cardiac arrest due to medical causes. Previously, the prognostic value of capnography in trauma has been studied among limited populations in prehospital and emergency department settings. We aimed to investigate the relationship between early intraoperative EtCO2 and nonsurvival of patients undergoing emergency surgery at a level 1 academic trauma center as a case series. If there is a threshold below which survival was extremely unlikely, it might be useful in guiding decision-making in the early termination of futile resuscitative efforts...
October 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693345/anesthesia-quality-and-patient-safety-in-china-a-survey
#19
Bin Zhu, Huan Gao, Xiangyong Zhou, Jeffrey Huang
There has been no nationwide investigation into anesthesia quality and patient safety in China. The authors surveyed Chinese anesthesiologists about anesthesia quality by sending a survey to all anesthesiologist members of the New Youth Anesthesia Forum via WeChat. The respondents could choose to use a mobile device or desktop to complete the survey. The overall response rate was 43%. Intraoperative monitoring: 77.9% of respondents reported that electrocardiogram monitoring was routinely applied for all patients; only 55% of the respondents reported that they routinely used end-tidal carbon dioxide monitoring for their patients under general anesthesia...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691985/hemodynamically-directed-two-person-chest-compressions-a-case-report
#20
Michael Dorbad, Ashley Kass, Michael Marvin
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation has a low success rate both in and out of the hospital setting. Return of spontaneous circulation, however, is considerably higher for intraoperative cardiac arrests. Chest compressions remain of utmost importance. Optimal chest compression depth is believed to be greater than 5 cm. However, this depth is often not achieved. We describe a case in which the adequacy of chest compressions, based on hemodynamic monitoring, was achieved with 2 persons simultaneously providing a compressive force...
November 15, 2017: A & A Case Reports
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