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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457310/natural-fruits-flowers-honey-and-honeybees-harbor-helicobacter-pylori-positive-yeasts
#1
Farideh Siavoshi, Marzieh Sahraee, Hoda Ebrahimi, Abdolfatah Sarrafnejad, Parastoo Saniee
BACKGROUND: For controlling Helicobacter pylori infection in humans, its environmental reservoir should be determined. In this study, yeast isolates from an isolated village in Iran were studied for the intracellular occurrence of H. pylori. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, yeasts were isolated from 29 samples, including oral swabs from villagers (n = 7), flowers and fruits (n = 6), honey and honeybees (n = 12) and miscellaneous samples (4). Yeasts were classified into 12 RFLP groups and identified by amplification of 26S rDNA and sequencing...
February 19, 2018: Helicobacter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456464/three-dimensional-multiscale-multistable-and-geometrically-diverse-microstructures-with-tunable-vibrational-dynamics-assembled-by-compressive-buckling
#2
Xin Ning, Heling Wang, Xinge Yu, Julio A N T Soares, Zheng Yan, Kewang Nan, Gabriel Velarde, Yeguang Xue, Rujie Sun, Qiyi Dong, Haiwen Luan, Chan Mi Lee, Aditya Chempakasseril, Mengdi Han, Yiqi Wang, Luming Li, Yonggang Huang, Yihui Zhang, John Rogers
Microelectromechanical systems remain an area of significant interest in fundamental and applied research due to their wide ranging applications. Most device designs, however, are largely two-dimensional and constrained to only a few simple geometries. Achieving tunable resonant frequencies or broad operational bandwidths requires complex components and/or fabrication processes. The work presented here reports unusual classes of three-dimensional (3D) micromechanical systems in the form of vibratory platforms assembled by controlled compressive buckling...
April 11, 2017: Advanced Functional Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451903/stability-lies-in-flowers-plant-diversification-mediating-shifts-in-arthropod-food-webs
#3
Marcelo Mendes Haro, Luís Cláudio Paterno Silveira, Andrew Wilby
Arthropod community composition in agricultural landscapes is dependent on habitat characteristics, such as plant composition, landscape homogeneity and the presence of key resources, which are usually absent in monocultures. Manipulating agroecosystems through the insertion of in-field floral resources is a useful technique to reduce the deleterious effects of habitat simplification. Food web analysis can clarify how the community reacts to the presence of floral resources which favour ecosystem services such as biological control of pest species...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451311/impaired-phloem-loading-in-zmsweet13a-b-c-sucrose-transporter-triple-knock-out-mutants-in-zea-mays
#4
Margaret Bezrutczyk, Thomas Hartwig, Marc Horshman, Si Nian Char, Jinliang Yang, Bing Yang, Wolf B Frommer, Davide Sosso
Crop yield depends on efficient allocation of sucrose from leaves to seeds. In Arabidopsis, phloem loading is mediated by a combination of SWEET sucrose effluxers and subsequent uptake by SUT1/SUC2 sucrose/H + symporters. ZmSUT1 is essential for carbon allocation in maize, but the relative contribution to apoplasmic phloem loading and retrieval of sucrose leaking from the translocation path is not known. Here we analysed the contribution of SWEETs to phloem loading in maize. We identified three leaf-expressed SWEET sucrose transporters as key components of apoplasmic phloem loading in Zea mays L...
February 16, 2018: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451307/phenological-responses-to-multiple-environmental-drivers-under-climate-change-insights-from-a-long-term-observational-study-and-a-manipulative-field-experiment
#5
Susana M Wadgymar, Jane E Ogilvie, David W Inouye, Arthur E Weis, Jill T Anderson
Climate change has induced pronounced shifts in the reproductive phenology of plants, yet we know little about which environmental factors contribute to interspecific variation in responses and their effects on fitness. We integrate data from a 43 yr record of first flowering for six species in subalpine Colorado meadows with a 3 yr snow manipulation experiment on the perennial forb Boechera stricta (Brassicaceae) from the same site. We analyze shifts in the onset of flowering in relation to environmental drivers known to influence phenology: the timing of snowmelt, the accumulation of growing degree days, and photoperiod...
February 16, 2018: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451029/screening-of-ionic-liquids-for-extraction-of-flavonoids-from-heather
#6
Paulina Dróżdż, Krystyna Pyrzynska
Room temperature ionic liquids are novel solvents with the specific properties that makes them of interest for application for extraction for a wide range of compounds. In this work extraction efficiency of flavonoids from heather flowers using ionic liquids based on imidazolium cation were evaluated and compared with organic solvents. It was found that the anion of ionic liquid significantly influence the extraction yields. Flavonoid content as well as antioxidant activity based on radical scavenging on 1,1-diphenul-2-pirylhydrazyl radicals and cupric reducing antioxidant capacity increased in the order: [Bmim]PF 6 < [Bmim]BF 4 < [Bmim]Cl...
February 16, 2018: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450960/effect-of-flower-orientation-on-the-male-and-female-traits-of-myrtillocactus-geometrizans-cactaceae
#7
Sandra A Aguilar-García, Dulce M Figueroa-Castro, Pedro L Valverde, F Vite
1.Intra-individual variation in the production and size of reproductive traits has been documented in columnar cacti, being higher in Equator-facing flowers. Such variation is attributed to the high amount of photosynthetic active radiation intercepted by stems oriented towards the Equator. Most studies focused on this phenomenon have documented the existence of intra-individual variation on traits associated with the female function; however, its impact on traits associated with the male function has been neglected...
February 16, 2018: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450200/nutritional-compositions-and-phytochemical-properties-of-the-edible-flowers-from-selected-zingiberaceae-found-in-thailand
#8
Apinya Rachkeeree, Kuttiga Kantadoung, Ratchuporn Suksathan, Ratchadawan Puangpradab, Paul Alexander Page, Sarana Rose Sommano
The nutritional compositions and phytochemical properties of eight edible flowers of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae) commonly found in Thailand are reported herein. The plant genera investigated were Zingiber (Ginger, Phlai Dam, Krathue), Hedychium (two morphological filament forms), Curcuma (Ao), Etlingera (Torch ginger), Amomum (Chi Kuk), and Alpinia (Galangal), which are eaten fresh or cooked as ingredients in the preparation of many Thai dishes. The proximate compositions (moisture, ash, fiber, protein, fat, and carbohydrate contents) varied among the different genera...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450111/the-binding-structure-and-affinity-of-photodamaged-duplex-dna-with-members-of-the-photolyase-cryptochrome-family-a-computational-study
#9
Ryuma Sato, Ryuhei Harada, Yasuteru Shigeta
Photolyases (PHRs) and cryptochromes (CRYs) belong to the same family known as blue-light photoreceptors. Although their amino acid sequences and corresponding structures are similar to each other, they exert different functions. PHRs function as an enzyme to repair UV-induced deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) lesions such as a cyclobutane pyrimidine dimer (CPD) and a (6-4) photoproduct ((6-4)pp), whereas CRYs are a circadian photoreceptor in plants and animals and at the same time they control the photoperiodic induction of flowering in plants...
2018: Biophysics and Physicobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449861/application-of-electrical-capacitance-method-for-prediction-of-plant-root-mass-and-activity-in-field-grown-crops
#10
Imre Cseresnyés, Katalin Szitár, Kálmán Rajkai, Anna Füzy, Péter Mikó, Ramóna Kovács, Tünde Takács
The root electrical capacitance (C R ) method is suitable for assessing root growth and activity, but soil water content (SWC) strongly influences the measurement results. This study aimed to adapt the method for field monitoring by evaluating the effect of SWC on root capacitance to ensure the comparability of C R detected at different SWC. First a pot experiment was conducted with maize and soybean to establish C R -SWC functions for the field soil. Ontogenetic changes in root activity were monitored under field conditions by simultaneously measuring C R and SWC around the roots...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449850/irrigation-and-nitrogen-regimes-promote-the-use-of-soil-water-and-nitrate-nitrogen-from-deep-soil-layers-by-regulating-root-growth-in-wheat
#11
Weixing Liu, Geng Ma, Chenyang Wang, Jiarui Wang, Hongfang Lu, Shasha Li, Wei Feng, Yingxin Xie, Dongyun Ma, Guozhang Kang
Unreasonably high irrigation levels and excessive nitrogen (N) supplementation are common occurrences in the North China Plain that affect winter wheat production. Therefore, a 6-yr-long stationary field experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of irrigation and N regimes on root development and their relationship with soil water and N use in different soil layers. Compared to the non-irrigated treatment (W0), a single irrigation at jointing (W1) significantly increased yield by 3.6-45.6%. With increases in water (W2, a second irrigation at flowering), grain yield was significantly improved by 14...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449849/comprehensive-cloning-of-prunus-mume-dormancy-associated-mads-box-genes-and-their-response-in-flower-bud-development-and-dormancy
#12
Kai Zhao, Yuzhen Zhou, Sagheer Ahmad, Zongda Xu, Yushu Li, Weiru Yang, Tangren Cheng, Jia Wang, Qixiang Zhang
Dormancy Associated MADS-box genes are SVP/MADs-box members and supposed to play crucial roles in plant dormancy of perennial species. In Prunus mume , PmDAM6 has been previously identified to induce plant dormancy. In the current study, six PmDAMs were cloned in P. mume and functionally analyzed in yeast and tobacco to detect the roles of the genes paralogous to PmDAM6 . The expression patterns together with sequence similarities indicate that PmDAMs are divided into two sub-clades within SVP group. Moreover, PmDAMs are verified to take part in the development of different plant organs, specifically the flower buds, in some intricate patterns...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449579/analysis-of-epistasis-among-qtls-on-heading-date-based-on-single-segment-substitution-lines-in-rice
#13
Zifeng Yang, Lingling Jin, Haitao Zhu, Shaokui Wang, Guiquan Zhang, Guifu Liu
Heading date directly determines the planting districts and seasons, and thus plays an important role for producing and introducing of varieties. Limited to the materials and methodologies, analysis of epistasis still presents an obvious challenge. This thesis estimated effectively four types of epistatic components among dual QTLs on heading date based on eight single segment substitution lines (SSSLs) in rice. The results confirmed that they carried truly with heading date QTLs. Eleven pairs of QTLs were with 50...
February 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449414/pathogen-trojan-horse-delivers-bioactive-host-protein-to-alter-maize-zea-mays-anther-cell-behavior-in-situ
#14
Karina Van Der Linde, Ljudmilla Timofejeva, Rachel L Egger, Birger Ilau, Reza Hammond, Chong Teng, Blake C Meyers, Gunther Doehlemann, Virginia Walbot
Small proteins are crucial signals during development, host defense, and physiology. Spatiotemporal restricted functions of signaling proteins remain challenging to study in planta. The several month span required to assess transgene expression, particularly in flowers, combined with the uncertainties from transgene position effects and ubiquitous or overexpression, makes monitoring of spatiotemporally restricted signaling proteins lengthy and difficult. This situation could be rectified with a transient assay in which protein deployment is controlled spatially and temporally in planta to assess protein functions, timing, and cellular targets as well as to facilitate rapid mutagenesis to define functional protein domains...
February 15, 2018: Plant Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448919/jasmonic-acid-facilitates-flower-opening-and-floral-organ-development-through-the-upregulated-expression-of-slmyb21-transcription-factor-in-tomato
#15
Tomoko Niwa, Takamasa Suzuki, Yumiko Takebayashi, Rie Ishiguro, Tetsuya Higashiyama, Hitoshi Sakakibara, Sumie Ishiguro
Plants coordinate the timing of flower opening with pollen and gynoecium maturation to achieve successful pollination. However, little is known about how the coordination is executed. We found that flower bud development was paused immediately before flower opening in a jasmonic acid (JA)-insensitive tomato mutant, jai1-1. Phytohormone measurement and RNA analysis in flower buds revealed that newly synthesised JA peaked at two days before flower opening and the expression of a transcription factor gene SlMYB21 delayed in jai1-1...
February 2018: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448760/identification-of-new-compounds-from-sage-flowers-salvia-officinalis-l-as-markers-for-quality-control-and-the-influence-of-the-manufacturing-technology-on-the-chemical-composition-and-antibacterial-activity-of-sage-flower-extracts
#16
Sebastian Gericke, Tilo Lübken, Diana Wolf, Martin Kaiser, Christian Hannig, Karl Speer
Parts of Salvia species such as its flowers and leaves are currently used as a culinary herb and for some medicinal applications. To distinguish the different sage extracts it is necessary to analyze their individual chemical compositions. Their characteristic compounds might be established as markers to differentiate between sage flowers and leaf extracts or to determine the manufacturing technology and storage conditions. Tri-p-coumaroylspermidine can be detected only in flowers and has been described here for Salvia and Lavandula species for the first time...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448495/a-facile-hydrothermal-synthesis-of-three-dimensional-flower-like-nio-thermally-reduced-graphene-oxide-trgo-nanocomposite-for-selective-determination-of-dopamine-in-presence-of-uric-acid-and-ascorbic-acid
#17
T K Aparna, R Sivasubramanian
Three dimensional flower-like NiO-thermally reduced Graphene Oxide (trGO) nanocomposite was prepared by a simple hydrothermal method. The morphology and structure of the nanocomposite was characterized using Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM), Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDX), X-ray Diffraction (XRD) and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The electrocatalytic oxidation of Dopamine, Ascorbic Acid (AA) and Uric Acid (UA) was investigated using Cyclic Voltammetry (CV)...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448155/characterization-of-a-superman-like-gene-mdsup11-in-apple-malus-%C3%A3-domestica-borkh
#18
Ke Xu, LiMin Wang, Na Liu, Xuan Xie, YuanDi Zhu
Arabidopsis SUPERMAN and its family members of its family play important roles in plant growth and floral organ development; yet much less is known about their functions expanding in apple tree development. Previous work has identified 12 SUP-like genes in the apple (Malus × domestica Borkh.) genome, and the MdSUP11 which is expressed in both vegetative and reproductive organs of apple. However, the function of MdSUP11 remains obscure. In this study, the β-glucuronidase expression driven by the MdSUP11 native promoter was detected in roots, young leaves, and floral organs of transgenic Arabidopsis...
December 6, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447978/the-influence-of-procyanidins-isolated-from-small-leaved-lime-flowers-tilia-cordata-mill-on-human-neutrophils
#19
Monika E Czerwińska, Marta K Dudek, Karolina A Pawłowska, Anna Pruś, Maria Ziaja, Sebastian Granica
Linden flower is a wildly used plant material among patients in the treatment of common cold symptoms and mucosa inflammations. However, the structure and bioactivity of flavan-3-ol derivatives present in infusions from flowers of Tilia cordata have not been studied so far. The aim of current study was to isolate and identify main procyanidins present in the flowers of small-leaved lime and to evaluate their influence on the inflammatory response of human neutrophils ex vivo. The chemical structure of isolated compounds was established by 1D and 2D NMR experiments...
February 12, 2018: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447428/uv-b-radiation-delays-flowering-time-through-changes-in-the-prc2-complex-activity-and-mir156-levels-in-arabidopsis-thaliana
#20
Marcela Dotto, María Sol Gómez, María Soledad Soto, Paula Casati
UV-B is a high-energy component of the solar radiation perceived by the plant and induces a number of modifications in plant growth and development, including changes in flowering time. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying these changes are largely unknown. In the present work, we demonstrate that Arabidopsis plants grown under white light supplemented with UV-B show a delay in flowering time, and this developmental reprogramming is mediated by the UVR8 photoreceptor. Using a combination of gene expression analyses and UV-B irradiation of different flowering mutants, we gained insight into the pathways involved in the observed flowering time delay in UV-B exposed Arabidopsis plants...
February 15, 2018: Plant, Cell & Environment
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