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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636147/floral-ambush-in-the-sun-evolution-of-flower-dwelling-and-uv-white-reflectance-in-crab-spiders
#1
Brooke L Weigel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2017: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635663/assessing-genetic-diversity-and-population-differentiation-of-colored-calla-lily-zantedeschia-hybrid-for-an-efficient-breeding-program
#2
Zunzheng Wei, Huali Zhang, Yi Wang, Youli Li, Min Xiong, Xian Wang, Di Zhou
Plastome-genome incompatibility (PGI) is prevalent in several plants including the Zantedeschia species, a worldwide commercial flower crop native to South Africa. Generally, hybrids suffering from PGI appear less vigorous and more susceptible than normal plants. Previous reports revealed that the PGI level in interspecific hybrids is correlated with the relatedness of the parental species in the genus Zantedeschia. To provide a basis for utilizing and improving resources in breeding programs, a total of 117 accessions of colored calla lily (Zantedeschia hybrid), collected from New Zealand, the Netherlands and the United States, were genotyped using 31 transferable expressed sequence tags-simple sequence repeats (EST-SSR) markers from the white calla lily (Zantedeschia aethiopica)...
June 21, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634397/one-pot-hydrothermal-synthesis-of-cds-decorated-cus-microflower-like-structures-for-enhanced-photocatalytic-properties
#3
Xiaolong Deng, Chenggang Wang, Hongcen Yang, Minghui Shao, Shouwei Zhang, Xiao Wang, Meng Ding, Jinzhao Huang, Xijin Xu
CdS decorated CuS structures have been controllably synthesized through a one-pot hydrothermal method. The morphologies and compositions of the as-prepared samples could be concurrently well controlled by simply tuning the amount of CdCl2 and thiourea. Using this strategy, the morphology of the products experienced from messy to flower-like morphologies with multiple porous densities, together with the phase evolution from pure CuS to the CdS/CuS composites. Serving as a photocatalyst, the samples synthesized with the addition of 1 mmol cadmium chloride and 3 mmol thiourea during synthetic process, showed the best photocatalytic activity, which could reach a maximum photocatalytic efficiency of 93% for methyl orange (MO) photodegradation after 150 min...
June 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634297/superman-prevents-class-b-gene-expression-and-promotes-stem-cell-termination-in-the-fourth-whorl-of-arabidopsisthaliana-flowers
#4
Nathanaël Prunet, Weibing Yang, Pradeep Das, Elliot M Meyerowitz, Thomas P Jack
The molecular and genetic networks underlying the determination of floral organ identity are well studied, but much less is known about how the flower is partitioned into four developmentally distinct whorls. The SUPERMAN gene is required for proper specification of the boundary between stamens in whorl 3 and carpels in whorl 4, as superman mutants exhibit supernumerary stamens but usually lack carpels. However, it has remained unclear whether extra stamens in superman mutants originate from an organ identity change in whorl 4 or the overproliferation of whorl 3...
June 20, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634257/two-fossil-species-of-metrosideros-myrtaceae-from-the-oligo-miocene-golden-fleece-locality-in-tasmania-australia
#5
Myall Tarran, Peter G Wilson, Michael K Macphail, Greg J Jordan, Robert S Hill
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: The capsular-fruited genus Metrosideros (Myrtaceae) is one of the most widely distributed flowering plant genera in the Pacific but is extinct in Australia today. The center of geographic origin for the genus and the reason for and timing of its extinction in Australia remain uncertain. We identify fossil Metrosideros fruits from the newly discovered Golden Fleece fossil flora in the Oligo-Miocene of Tasmania, Australia, shedding further light on these problems. METHODS: Standard paleopalynological techniques were used to date the fossil-bearing sediments...
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634231/hyperactivity-of-the-arabidopsis-cryptochrome-cry1-l407f-mutant-is-caused-by-a-structural-alteration-close-to-the-cry1-atp-binding-sit
#6
Christian Orth, Nils Niemann, Lars Hennig, Lars-Oliver Essen, Alfred Batschauer
Plant cryptochromes (cry) act as UV-A/blue light receptors. The prototype, Arabidopsis thaliana cry1, regulates several light responses during the life cycle, including de-etiolation, and is also involved in regulating flowering time. The cry1 photocycle is initiated by light absorption by its FAD chromophore, which is most likely fully oxidized (FADox) in the dark state and photoreduced to the neutral flavin semiquinone (FADH(o)) in its lit state. Cryptochromes lack the DNA-repair activity of the closely related DNA photolyases, but retain the ability to bind nucleotides such as ATP...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633846/aqueous-norfloxacin-sonocatalytic-degradation-with-multilayer-flower-like-zno-in-the-presence-of-peroxydisulfate
#7
Shou-Bo Hu, Liang Li, Meng-Yu Luo, Ya-Feng Yun, Chang-Tang Chang
Multilayer ZnO nanoflowers were synthesized through a simple precipitation method and characterized by field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectra (XPS) and nitrogen absorption-desorption techniques. The FE-SEM images show the integrated morphology of an individual flower-like ZnO nanostructure, which is made of nano-platelets with uniform thickness (20-30nm). The average pore size and Brunauer-Emmet-Teller (BET) surface area of the as-synthesized ZnO were 27...
September 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633412/are-leaves-only-involved-in-flowering-bridging-the-gap-between-structural-botany-and-functional-morphology
#8
Pierre-Éric Lauri, Frédéric Normand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2017: Tree Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633330/the-asparagine-rich-protein-nrp-interacts-with-the-verticillium-effector-pevd1-and-regulates-the-subcellular-localization-of-cryptochrome-2
#9
Ruimin Zhou, Tong Zhu, Lei Han, Mengjie Liu, Mengyuan Xu, Yanli Liu, Dandan Han, Dewen Qiu, Qingqiu Gong, Xinqi Liu
The soil-borne fungal pathogen Verticillium dahliae infects a wide range of dicotyledonous plants including cotton, tobacco, and Arabidopsis. Among the effector proteins secreted by V. dahliae, the 16 kDa PevD1 induces a hypersensitive response in tobacco. Here we report the high-resolution structure of PevD1 with folds resembling a C2 domain-like structure with a calcium ion bound to the C-terminal acidic pocket. A yeast two-hybrid screen, designed to probe for molecular functions of PevD1, identified Arabidopsis asparagine-rich protein (NRP) as the interacting partner of PevD1...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632342/variation-in-gene-regulation-underlying-annual-and-perennial-flowering-in-arabideae-species
#10
Jannice Friedman
The diversity of life history strategies within the angiosperms illustrates the evolutionary flexibility of reproductive characteristics. The number of times an individual reproduces is a key life history trait, and transitions from iteroparous perennials to semelparous annuals have occurred frequently in the flowering plants. Despite the frequency of this evolutionary transition, and the importance of annuality versus perenniality to both agriculture and ecology, understanding the molecular and genetic mechanisms involved in perennial flowering is in their infancy...
July 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631322/prolonged-embryogenesis-in-austrobaileya-scandens-austrobaileyaceae-its-ecological-and-evolutionary-significance
#11
Juan M Losada, Julien B Bachelier, William E Friedman
The embryology of basal angiosperm lineages (Amborella, Nymphaeales and Austrobaileyales) is central to reconstructing the early evolution of flowering plants. Previous studies have shown that mature seeds in Austrobaileyales are albuminous, with a small embryo surrounded by a substantial diploid endosperm. However, little is known of seed ontogeny and seedling germination in Austrobaileya scandens, sister to all other extant Austrobaileyales. Standard histochemical techniques were used to study ovule/seed development and germination of Austrobaileya...
July 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631168/the-function-of-osbhlh068-is-partially-redundant-with-its-homolog-atbhlh112-in-the-regulation-of-the-salt-stress-response-but-has-opposite-functions-to-control-flowering-in-arabidopsis
#12
Hung-Chi Chen, Vicki Hsieh-Feng, Pei-Chun Liao, Wan-Hsing Cheng, Li-Yu Liu, Yun-Wei Yang, Ming-Hsin Lai, Men-Chi Chang
The homologous genes OsbHLH068 and AtbHLH112 have partially redundant functions in the regulation of the salt stress response but opposite functions to control flowering in Arabidopsis. The transcription factor (TF) basic/Helix-Loop-Helix (bHLH) is important for plant growth, development, and stress responses. OsbHLH068, which is a homologous gene of AtbHLH112 that is up-regulated under drought and salt stresses, as indicated by previous microarray data analysis. However, the intrinsic function of OsbHLH068 remains unknown...
June 19, 2017: Plant Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630625/quantification-of-antioxidant-phenolic-compounds-in-a-new-chrysanthemum-cultivar-by-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-with-diode-array-detection-and-electrospray-ionization-mass-spectrometry
#13
Ah-Reum Han, Hyo Young Kim, Yangkang So, Bomi Nam, Ik-Soo Lee, Joo-Won Nam, Yeong Deuk Jo, Sang Hoon Kim, Jin-Baek Kim, Si-Yong Kang, Chang Hyun Jin
The flowers of Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat. have been used as an herbal tea and in traditional medicine, and the plant has been developed to produce horticultural cultivars of various colors and shapes. In this study, a new chrysanthemum cultivar with dark purple petals (C. morifolium cv. ARTI-Dark Chocolate; ADC) was developed by radiation-induced mutation breeding of its original cultivar with purple striped white petals (C. morifolium cv. Noble Wine, NW). The phenolic profile and antioxidant property of ADC were investigated and compared with NW and the commercially available medicinal herb, C...
2017: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629467/chromatin-marks-and-ambient-temperature-dependent-flowering-strike-up-a-novel-liaison
#14
Alexander Steffen, Dorothee Staiger
A distinct chromatin mark, H3K36me3, has been found to engage in temperature-dependent alternative splicing and ambient temperature-dependent flowering-time control in Arabidopsis.
June 19, 2017: Genome Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629320/transcriptomic-changes-reveal-gene-networks-responding-to-the-overexpression-of-a-blueberry-dwarf-and-delayed-flowering-1-gene-in-transgenic-blueberry-plants
#15
Guo-Qing Song, Xuan Gao
BACKGROUND: Constitutive expression of the CBF/DREB1 for increasing freezing tolerance in woody plants is often associated with other phenotypic changes including dwarf plant and delayed flowering. These phenotypic changes have been observed when Arabidopsis DWARF AND DELAYED FLOWERING 1 (DDF1) was overexpressed in A. thaliana plants. To date, the DDF1 orthologues have not been studied in woody plants. The aim of this study is to investigate transcriptomic responses to the overexpression of blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) DDF1 (herein, VcDDF1-OX)...
June 19, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628608/tcp4-dependent-induction-of-constans-transcription-requires-gigantea-in-photoperiodic-flowering-in-arabidopsis
#16
Akane Kubota, Shogo Ito, Jae Sung Shim, Richard S Johnson, Yong Hun Song, Ghislain Breton, Greg S Goralogia, Michael S Kwon, Dianne Laboy Cintrón, Tomotsugu Koyama, Masaru Ohme-Takagi, Jose L Pruneda-Paz, Steve A Kay, Michael J MacCoss, Takato Imaizumi
Photoperiod is one of the most reliable environmental cues for plants to regulate flowering timing. In Arabidopsis thaliana, CONSTANS (CO) transcription factor plays a central role in regulating photoperiodic flowering. In contrast to posttranslational regulation of CO protein, still little was known about CO transcriptional regulation. Here we show that the CINCINNATA (CIN) clade of class II TEOSINTE BRANCHED 1/ CYCLOIDEA/ PROLIFERATING CELL NUCLEAR ANTIGEN FACTOR (TCP) proteins act as CO activators. Our yeast one-hybrid analysis revealed that class II CIN-TCPs, including TCP4, bind to the CO promoter...
June 19, 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627760/reproductive-phenology-of-melastomataceae-species-with-contrasting-reproductive-systems-contemporary-and-historical-drivers
#17
Vinícius L G Brito, Fabiano Rodrigo da Maia, Fernando A O Silveira, Carla Magioni Fracasso, José Pires Lemos-Filho, G Wilson Fernandes, Renato Goldenberg, Leonor Patrícia Cerdeira Morellato, Marlies Sazima, Vanessa G Staggemeier
Flowering and fruiting are key events in the life history of plants, and both are critical to their reproductive success. Besides the role of evolutionary history, plant reproductive phenology is regulated by abiotic factors and shaped by biotic interactions with pollinators and seed dispersers. In Melastomataceae, a dominant Neotropical clade, the reproductive systems vary from allogamous with biotic pollination to apomitic, and seed dispersal varies from dry (self-dispersed) to fleshy fruits (animal-dispersed)...
June 19, 2017: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626951/considering-the-unintentional-consequences-of-pollinator-gardens-for-urban-native-plants-is-the-road-to-extinction-paved-with-good-intentions
#18
Anna L Johnson, Andrea M Fetters, Tia-Lynn Ashman
Urban centers are important foci for plant biodiversity and yet widespread planting of wildflower gardens in cities to sustain pollinator biodiversity is on the rise, without full consideration of potential ecological consequences. The impact of intentional wildflower plantings on remnant native plant diversity in urban and peri-urban settings has not received attention, although shared pollinators are likely to mediate several types of biotic interactions between human-introduced plants and remnant native ones...
June 19, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626945/european-corn-borer-ostrinia-nubilalis-hbn-lepidoptera-crambidae-comparing-the-performance-of-a-new-bisexual-lure-with-that-of-synthetic-sex-pheromone-in-five-countries
#19
Miklós Tóth, István Szarukán, Antal Nagy, Lorenzo Furlan, Isadora Benvegnu, Magda Rak Cizej, Tamás Ábri, Tamás Kéki, Szilvia Körösi, Attila Pogonyi, Teodora Toshova, Dimitar Velchev, Daniela Atanasova, Alican Kurtulus, Bora Kaydan
BACKGROUND: Phenylacetaldehyde is a flower volatile and attractant among others also for the European corn borer Ostrinia nubilalis. The addition of 4-methoxyphenethyl alcohol has recently been reported to increase O. nubilalis catches 4 to 5 times, yielding a bisexual lure for the species. RESULTS: The bisexual lure significantly outperformed synthetic pheromone lures of O. nubilalis at 11 out of 13 experiments conducted in Bulgaria, Hungary, Italy, Slovenia and Turkey...
June 19, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626637/transcriptome-analysis-of-reproductive-tissue-differentiation-in-jatropha-curcas-linn
#20
Nisha Govender, Siju Senan, Zeti-Azura Mohamed-Hussein, Wickneswari Ratnam
Shoot and inflorescence are central physiological and developmental tissues of plants. Flowering is one of the most important agronomic traits for improvement of crop yield. To analyze the vegetative to reproductive tissue transition in Jatropha curcas, gene expression profiles were generated from shoot and inflorescence tissues. RNA isolated from both tissues was sequenced using the Ilumina HiSeq 2500 platform. Differential gene expression analysis identified key biological processes associated with vegetative to reproductive tissue transition...
September 2017: Genomics Data
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