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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764882/postnatal-depression-and-intimate-partner-violence-a-nationwide-clinic-based-cross-sectional-study-in-malaysia
#1
Noor Ani Ahmad, Umi Adzlin Silim, Azriman Rosman, Majdah Mohamed, Ying Ying Chan, Noraida Mohd Kasim, Muslimah Yusof, Mohamad Aznuddin Abd Razak, Maisarah Omar, Fazly Azry Abdul Aziz, Rasidah Jamaluddin, Fatanah Ismail, Nurashikin Ibrahim, Tahir Aris
INTRODUCTION: An estimated 13% of women in the postnatal period suffer from postnatal depression (PND) worldwide. In addition to underprivileged women, women who are exposed to violence are at higher risk of PND. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between intimate partner violence (IPV) and PND in Malaysia. METHODS: This survey was conducted as a nationwide cross-sectional study using a cluster sampling design. Probable PND was assessed using a self-administered Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS)...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738405/effect-of-exercise-on-cognition-conditioning-muscle-endurance-and-balance-in-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Chandra da Silveira Langoni, Thais de Lima Resende, Andressa Bombardi Barcellos, Betina Cecchele, Mateus Soares Knob, Tatiane do Nascimento Silva, Juliana Nunes da Rosa, Tamiris de Souza Diogo, Irenio Gomes da Silva Filho, Carla Helena Augustin Schwanke
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) may be a precursor to dementia; however, its progression may be prevented or slowed with exercise. This study aimed at determining the effects of group aerobic and strength training on cognition, conditioning, muscle endurance, and balance in underprivileged community-dwelling older adults with MCI. METHODS: This was a single-blind, randomized, and matched-pair controlled (gender, age, body mass index, and Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination-Revised for MCI diagnosis) clinical trial...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736489/promoting-oral-health-and-quality-of-life-of-older-people-the-need-for-public-health-action
#3
Poul Erik Petersen, Hiroshi Ogawa
PURPOSE: This report intends to review the global burden of oral disease among older people and to examine their oral health needs. The evidence on the inter-relationships between poor oral health conditions of older people, general health and quality of life is highlighted. Finally, WHO strategies to improve oral health of older people are reviewed. METHODS: The information relevant to this review was extracted from the WHO Global Oral Health Data Bank, the PubMed database, and the Cochrane Library...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694596/integrality-in-brazil-and-venezuela-similarities-and-complementarities
#4
Carla Targino Bruno Dos Santos, Ione Silva Barros, Anne Caroline Coelho Leal Árias Amorim, Dais Gonçalves Rocha, Ana Valéria Machado Mendonça, Maria Fátima de Sousa
This study aims to compare Primary Health Care (PHC) in Brazil and Venezuela, considering its characteristics as to integrality. It has a qualitative approach, using documental analysis, semi-structured interviews with key informants and field diary notes. We observed the three realms of integrality inherent to the health work process: comprehensive and holistic care, the individual viewed as a complex being with multiple needs, requiring the connection of various health knowledge; continuity of care in institutional micro-policy with interprofessional articulation, in order to consider individual care; continuity of care in macro-policy, when a shift to other levels of care is needed; intersectoriality was also included, when the needs of an individual and community require a cross-sectoral coordination, with action on determinants and conditionants of the health-disease process...
April 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672538/spatio-temporal-patterns-of-attacks-on-human-and-economic-losses-from-wildlife-in-chitwan-national-park-nepal
#5
Babu Ram Lamichhane, Gerard A Persoon, Herwig Leirs, Shashank Poudel, Naresh Subedi, Chiranjibi Prasad Pokheral, Santosh Bhattarai, Bishnu Prasad Thapaliya, Hans H de Iongh
Wildlife attacks on humans and economic losses often result in reduced support of local communities for wildlife conservation. Information on spatial and temporal patterns of such losses in the highly affected areas contribute in designing and implementing effective mitigation measures. We analyzed the loss of humans, livestock and property caused by wildlife during 1998 to 2016, using victim family's reports to Chitwan National Park authorities and Buffer Zone User Committees. A total of 4,014 incidents were recorded including attacks on humans, livestock depredation, property damage and crop raiding caused by 12 wildlife species...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670553/empathy-modulates-the-evaluation-processing-of-altruistic-outcomes
#6
Xin Liu, Xinmu Hu, Kan Shi, Xiaoqin Mai
Empathy plays a central role in social decisions involving psychological conflict, such as whether to help another person at the cost of one's own interests. Using the event-related potential (ERP) technique, the current study explored the neural mechanisms underlying the empathic effect on the evaluation processing of outcomes in conflict-of-interest situations, in which the gain of others resulted in the performer's loss. In the high-empathy condition, the beneficiaries were underprivileged students who were living in distress (stranger in need)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29583150/rheumatoid-arthritis-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease
#7
REVIEW
Pieter W Meyer, Ronald Anderson, James A Ker, Mahmood T Ally
In developing countries, rheumatoid arthritis (RA) remains a seriously under-prioritised disease, particularly among the underprivileged, often resulting in presentation of patients late in the course of their disease, further complicated by limited therapeutic options and inconsistent follow up. The consequences are often severe with irreversible disability, increased frequency of co-morbidities, especially cardiovascular disease (CVD), and higher mortality rates, relative to developed countries. Despite addressing traditional cardiovascular risk factors, the impact of subclinical or 'residual' inflammation from uncontrolled RA needs to be considered...
March 27, 2018: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546646/an-investigation-into-the-recent-increase-in-gastric-cancer-in-the-usa
#8
Maya Balakrishnan, Rollin George, Ashish Sharma, David Y Graham, Hoda M Malaty
BACKGROUND: The USA has among the lowest gastric cancer incidence rates worldwide. AIM: To investigate whether increasing immigration from high cancer incidence countries has altered the GC incidence in a large US metropolitan area. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study among an underprivileged, multiethnic population in Texas. Gastric cancer cases diagnosed during 2005-2015 were identified using the cancer registry of the public medical care system for Harris County...
March 15, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528454/consumers-acceptability-of-indigenous-cockerel
#9
Kingsley K Duah, Edward K Essuman, Osca S Olympio, Worlah Akwetey, Vida Gyimah, Jeremiah O Yeboah
Commercial poultry production, although fairly well developed, continues to develop rapidly in Africa and other areas of the world. The local chickens, which may perhaps be harnessed and exploited for poverty alleviation, form part of the many local assets of underprivileged people living in the rural areas. In view of this, the study aims to investigate consumer acceptability of indigenous chicken meats using survey and sensory evaluation. The survey is comprised mainly of interviewing market women and supplying birds to them for sale in order to find answers to questions related to marketability or otherwise of the naked-neck, frizzled naked-neck, and normal-feathered cockerels...
March 8, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504413/data-spanning-three-decades-illustrate-racial-disparities-in-likelihood-of-obesity
#10
Celia C Lo, William Ash-Houchen, Heather M Gerling, Tyrone C Cheng
Obesity rates have risen significantly in recent decades, with underprivileged Americans associated with higher rates of the condition. Risks associated with obesity, furthermore, appear unequally distributed across different racial/ethnic groups, according to the literature. The present study examined racial disparities in obesity as a function of socioeconomic factors, using a sample of American adults from a 32-year longitudinal study. We accounted for the time factor as we evaluated obesity's associations with selected socioeconomic factors; we also examined race/ethnicity's moderating role in obesity-socioeconomic status associations over time...
March 4, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479845/determinants-of-malignant-pleural-mesothelioma-survival-and-burden-of-disease-in-france-a-national-cohort-analysis
#11
Christos Chouaid, Jean Baptiste Assié, Pascal Andujar, Cecile Blein, Charlène Tournier, Alexandre Vainchtock, Arnaud Scherpereel, Isabelle Monnet, Jean Claude Pairon
This study was undertaken to determine the healthcare burden of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) in France and to analyze its associations with socioeconomic deprivation, population density, and management outcomes. A national hospital database was used to extract incident MPM patients in years 2011 and 2012. Cox models were used to analyze 1- and 2-year survival according to sex, age, co-morbidities, management, population-density index, and social deprivation index. The analysis included 1,890 patients (76% men; age: 73...
April 2018: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458342/maternal-socio-demographic-and-psychological-predictors-for-risk-of-developmental-delays-among-young-children-in-mongolia
#12
Amarjargal Dagvadorj, Duurenbayar Ganbaatar, Olukunmi O Balogun, Naohiro Yonemoto, Bayasgalantai Bavuusuren, Kenji Takehara, Rintaro Mori, Moe Akahira-Azuma
BACKGROUND: Factors influencing child development are not well studied in developing settings, and especially in Mongolia. This cohort study examined the relationship between maternal socio-demographic and psychological conditions on risk of young child developmental delay. METHODS: A total of 150 children aged between 13 ~ 24 months old participated in this study. The participants were randomly selected from a pre-existing cohort of 1297 children who were involved in a study on infant bilirubin nomogram development conducted at a tertiary health facility in Mongolia between 2012 and 2013...
February 19, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446533/forms-of-capital-and-habitus-in-the-decision-to-go-on-academic-exchange
#13
Wolfgang Lehmann, Holly Trower
Although Canadian universities have made internationalization a strategic priority, only few Canadian students currently participate in any international study opportunities. Drawing on interviews with Canadian students who were about to spend some of their undergraduate education abroad as exchange students, or had recently returned from a study exchange, we argue that despite the importance of relatively high costs associated with international study experiences, cultural factors play a more important role in enabling the decision to study abroad...
February 2018: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435335/health-care-for-all-effective-community-supported-healthcare-with-innovative-use-of-telemedicine-technology
#14
EDITORIAL
Tariq Kazim Shah, Tasneem Tariq, Roger Phillips, Steve Davison, Adam Hoare, Syed Shahzad Hasan, Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar
Almost half of the world's total population reside in rural and remote areas and a large number of these people remain deprived of most basic facilities like healthcare and education. It is deemed impossible for government with scarce resources in developing countries to open and run a health facility in every remote community using conventional means. One increasingly popular unconventional mean is the use of existing technology to improve exchange of medical information for the purpose of improving health of underprivileged communities...
2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415706/dental-caries-prevention-strategies-among-children-and-adolescents-with-immigrant-or-low-socioeconomic-backgrounds-do-they-work-a-systematic-review
#15
Marit S Skeie, Kristin S Klock
BACKGROUND: This systematic review was designed to uncover the most reliable evidence about the effects of caries preventive strategies in children and adolescents of immigrant or low socioeconomic backgrounds. METHODS: According to pre-determined inclusion and exclusion criteria, relevant articles focusing on underprivileged groups were electronically selected between January1995 and October 2015. The literature search was conducted in five databases; PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, SweMed+ and Cochrane Library...
February 7, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370780/prevalence-and-intensity-of-ascaris-lumbricoides-infections-in-relation-to-undernutrition-among-children-in-a-tea-plantation-community-sri-lanka-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Lahiru Sandaruwan Galgamuwa, Devika Iddawela, Samath D Dharmaratne
BACKGROUND: Ascaris lumbricoides infections are one of the commonnest intestinal nematode infections in the world, with a profound negative effect on nutritional status among underprivileged populations. In Sri Lanka, Ascaris infections and low nutritional status still persist in the plantation sector. However, research regarding the association between Ascaris infections and nutritional status is scarce. The main purpose of this study was to determine the association between Ascaris infections and physical growth among children in a plantation sector in Sri Lanka...
January 25, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370778/association-between-socioeconomic-status-and-post-stroke-functional-outcome-in-deprived-rural-southern-china-a-population-based-study
#17
Fubing Ouyang, Ying Wang, Weixian Huang, Yicong Chen, Yuhui Zhao, Ge Dang, Chunbo Zhang, Yang Lin, Jinsheng Zeng
BACKGROUND: Data on the association between socioeconomic status and post-stroke functional outcome in developing countries is lacking. We aimed to evaluate the association in stroke survivors in deprived rural Southern China. METHODS: We conducted door-to-door interviews and collected data using a structured questionnaire in stroke survivors from five fourth-class rural areas of Guangdong Province through a non-government initiated registry from August 2014 to March 2015...
January 25, 2018: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368106/field-testing-of-iap2015-charts
#18
Nikhil Lohiya, Vaman Khadilkar, Shubhadarshini Pawar, Anuradha Khadilkar, Shashi Chiplonkar, Rahul Jahagirdar
OBJECTIVES: To field test the IAP2015 (Indian Academy of Pediatrics) charts in different socioeconomic classes; to compare standard deviation scores (Z-scores) of children's height, weight and body mass index (BMI) for age as computed based on IAP2007 or WHO charts against the IAP2015 references. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted in the district of Pune on apparently healthy 5-18 y old children from urban affluent, urban underprivileged and rural areas...
January 24, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318589/bilingualism-narrows-socioeconomic-disparities-in-executive-functions-and-self-regulatory-behaviors-during-early-childhood-evidence-from-the-early-childhood-longitudinal-study
#19
Andree Hartanto, Wei X Toh, Hwajin Yang
Socioeconomic status (SES) and bilingualism have been shown to influence executive functioning during early childhood. Less is known, however, about how the two factors interact within an individual. By analyzing a nationally representative sample of approximately 18,200 children who were tracked from ages 5 to 7 across four waves, both higher SES and bilingualism were found to account for greater performance on the inhibition and shifting aspects of executive functions (EF) and self-regulatory behaviors in classroom...
January 10, 2018: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297404/tithing-programs-pathways-for-enhancing-and-improving-the-health-status-of-the-underprivileged
#20
James K Elrod, John L Fortenberry
BACKGROUND: While quick and easy access to healthcare services is a reality for some, others experience significant hardships, even for receipt of the most basic health and medical care and attention. To those who effectively have been shut out of the healthcare marketplace due largely to economic deficiencies, healthcare providers engaged in the delivery of charitable services are a critical lifeline. Myriad attempts by governmental entities to remedy disparate access and shore up the delivery of healthcare services directed toward the disadvantaged have failed to close gaps, warranting pursuit of novel methods that offer potential and the hope that sufficient access might one day become a reality...
December 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
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