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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102463/marked-differences-of-haplotype-tagging-snp-distribution-linkage-and-haplotype-profile-of-apoa5-gene-in-roma-population-samples
#1
Katalin Sumegi, Balazs Duga, Bela I Melegh, Zsolt Banfai, Erzsebet Kovesdi, Anita Maasz, Bela Melegh
Roma people are underprivileged, neglected population worldwide, with severe healthcare problems. They have significantly increased prevalence of cardiovascular morbidity, presumably related to their poor social status, alcohol consumption and smoking habits. Assuming that genetic background also plays a role in their susceptibility for cardiovascular diseases, we hypothesized that APOA5 gene polymorphisms, an important role-player in lipid metabolism and in the development of metabolic syndrome and cardio/cerebrovascular events, may also be involved...
January 19, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098680/insight-into-scabies
#2
Faye Mariz Razon, Emily Weidman-Evans
Scabies, an infectious disease caused by the scabies mite, manifests as an intensely pruritic skin rash. Children, the underprivileged, and patients with immunocompromise are at a higher risk of acquiring this contagious disease. Infectivity occurs worldwide in patients of all races, ages, and sex. The classical appearance of papular burrows between the webbed spaces of digits or along the wrists can help distinguish scabies from other dermatologic diseases. Practitioners need to be familiar with how scabies may present so that patients can be treated and taught how to prevent spread of the disease...
February 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092932/burden-assessment-of-infectious-and-cardio-vascular-diseases-in-india-for-the-decade-2004-2014
#3
Kajori Banerjee, Laxmi Kant Dwivedi
Purpose: In India, diseases, communicable or non-communicable, are argued to be biased in affecting a certain socio-economic strata of the population. Using 60th (2004) and 71st (2014) National Sample Survey rounds, this study assesses the pressure of infectious diseases against cardio-vascular diseases (CVD) and alteration of disease burden over various socio-economic, demographic sub-population for 2004-2014. Methods: To assess the burden of diseases over the two time points separated by a decade prevalence rates, hospitalization rates, case fatality rates, mortality burden is estimated...
December 14, 2016: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056833/molecular-epidemiology-of-panton-valentine-leukocidin-positive-community-acquired-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-isolates-in-pastoral-communities-of-rural-south-western-uganda
#4
Benon B Asiimwe, Rossella Baldan, Alberto Trovato, Daniela M Cirillo
BACKGROUND: The emergence of multidrug resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains, including methicillin resistant (MRSA), is a global concern. Treatment of bacterial infections in Uganda's health care settings is largely empirical, rarely accompanied by laboratory confirmation. Here we show the burden, characteristics of MRSA and epidemiology of Panton-Valentine Leukocidin (PVL) positive strains in asymptomatic carriers in pastoral households of south-west Uganda. METHODS: Nasal swabs from 253 participants were cultured following standard methodology...
January 5, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041921/rising-trend-of-diabetes-mellitus-amongst-the-undernourished-state-of-the-art-review
#5
REVIEW
Nimmy K Francis, Harpreet S Pawar, Anirban Mitra, Analava Mitra
Diabetes mellitus is prevailing in the malnourished populations congruently in well-nourished ones with an escalating trend in the former group regardless of the absence of obesity as an etiologic determining factor as per the studies in underprivileged sectors of the population. Chronic undernutrition across a lifetime may be an imperative stimulator of diabetes in an individual either by progressively reducing beta cell function alongside islet cell volume and increasing the individual predisposition to other genetic or environmental diabetogenic influences with modifying influence on the course of clinical syndrome...
December 23, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017696/ethnobiological-treatments-of-neurological-conditions-in-the-chota-nagpur-plateau-india
#6
Abhijit Dey, Partha Gorai, Anuradha Mukherjee, Raghunath Dhan, Biplob Kumar Modak
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: World Health Organization (WHO) has recognized the contribution of traditional medicine in the primary health care system. WHO also considers neurological disorders as one of the prime concern to the public health. Inadequate and inaccessible health facilities in the rural and underprivileged areas have forced the various tribal and non-tribal communities to use ethno-phyto and ethno-zoo therapeutics against different ailments. Chota Nagpur Plateau, India is one of the richest in India in terms of plant and animal diversity, and houses a number of indigenous communities often practising their own ethnobiological medicines...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998311/disseminated-tungiasis-in-a-78-year-old-woman-from-tanzania-a-case-report
#7
Pedro Pallangyo, Paulina Nicholaus
BACKGROUND: Tungiasis is one of the neglected tropical diseases; it affects up to 40% of individuals living in societies with poor housing and sanitation standards. In endemic areas, Tunga infestation, which predominantly affects the periungual areas of the lower limbs in humans, is associated with considerable morbidity and poor quality of life. CASE PRESENTATION: A 78-year-old woman of African descent presented with pain, inflammation, suppuration, ulceration, and deformation of digits of all four limbs...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862523/chinese-women-health-ambassadors-program-a-process-evaluation
#8
Janet Yuen Ha Wong, Maggie Mee Kie Chan, Kris Yuet Wan Lok, Fei Wan Ngai, Michelle Tsz Ha Pang, Claudia Kor Yee Chan, Jessie Ho Yin Yau, Edmond Pui Hang Choi, Shirley Siu Ming Fong
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess a community-women health ambassadors program and report the areas that were successful and those that required improvement. The objectives were to assess the feasibility, effectiveness, implementation, and sustainability of the program. BACKGROUND: Health promotion for the prevention of chronic diseases has always been the top priority in the health sector. In order to ensure that the relevant health messages are well-received in local communities, a health promotion program must be accessible, acceptable, and culturally relevant...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861676/-obtaining-drugs-for-hypertension-and-diabetes-through-the-brazilian-people-s-pharmacy-program-results-of-the-national-health-survey-2013
#9
Karen Sarmento Costa, Noemia Urruth Leão Tavares, Sotero Serrate Mengue, Marco Aurélio Pereira, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Jarbas Barbosa da Silva
OBJECTIVE: to describe the proportion of hypertensive and diabetic patients who reported getting medicines to control these diseases via the Brazilian People's Pharmacy Program, according to sociodemographic factors. METHODS: this was a population-based descriptive study using 2013 National Health Survey data on individuals aged over 18 years. RESULTS: around one third of hypertensive individuals (35.9%; 95%CI 34.1-37.7) and more than half of those with diabetes (57...
January 2016: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825534/healthcare-costs-of-people-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-basque-country-spain
#10
Roberto Nuño-Solinís, Edurne Alonso-Morán, Jose M Arteagoitia Axpe, Patxi Ezkurra Loiola, Juan F Orueta, Sonia Gaztambide
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to estimate the direct costs of healthcare provided to patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in the Basque Country and to compare them with those of the population with chronic diseases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective, cross-sectional, population-based study. Direct healthcare costs for patients aged over 35 years diagnosed with T2DM in the Basque Country (n=126,894) were calculated, stratified by age, sex and deprivation index, and compared to the costs for the population diagnosed with a chronic disease other than T2DM (n=1,347,043)...
December 2016: Endocrinología y Nutrición: órgano de la Sociedad Española de Endocrinología y Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809861/do-the-risk-factors-for-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-vary-by-location-a-spatial-analysis-of-health-insurance-claims-in-northeastern-germany-using-kernel-density-estimation-and-geographically-weighted-regression
#11
Boris Kauhl, Jürgen Schweikart, Thomas Krafft, Andrea Keste, Marita Moskwyn
BACKGROUND: The provision of general practitioners (GPs) in Germany still relies mainly on the ratio of inhabitants to GPs at relatively large scales and barely accounts for an increased prevalence of chronic diseases among the elderly and socially underprivileged populations. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is one of the major cost-intensive diseases with high rates of potentially preventable complications. Provision of healthcare and access to preventive measures is necessary to reduce the burden of T2DM...
November 3, 2016: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766236/economic-inequalities-amongst-women-with-osteoporosis-related-fractures-an-application-of-concentration-index-decomposition
#12
Rahmatollah Moradzadeh, Haidar Nadrian, Farzaneh Golboni, Mohammad Hasan Kazemi-Galougahi, Nasrin Moghimi
Background: Considering the renewed emphasis on women's health, attention to the new aspects of their health, such as equity, among different groups is warranted. The aim of this study was to investigate the economic inequalities among women with osteoporosis-related bone fractures (ORBFs) in Sanandaj, Iran. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, convenient sampling was employed to recruit 220 women with osteoporosis referring to the only rheumatology clinic in Sanandaj (the center of Kurdistan province in Iran) from January to April 2013...
2016: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761172/the-novel-concept-of-creating-awareness-about-tuberculosis-at-the-metro-stations
#13
Sankalp Yadav, Gautam Rawal
Tuberculosis is an infectious disease and is a major health problem in developing countries like India. The disease is prevalent mainly in the underprivileged sections of the society. However, the same is not always true and even the well to do sections are also affected by this disease. The lack of knowledge in the masses and the communities is a factor that contributes largely to the spread of the disease. In such a scenario, there is always a need for new and innovative ideas to create mass awareness about tuberculosis...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706050/universal-stress-proteins-as-new-targets-for-environmental-and-therapeutic-interventions-of-schistosomiasis
#14
Priscilla Masamba, Abiola Fatimah Adenowo, Babatunji Emmanuel Oyinloye, Abidemi Paul Kappo
In spite of various control measures and eradication methods that have been in progress, schistosomiasis still prevails as one of the most prevalent debilitating parasitic diseases, typically affecting the poor and the underprivileged that are predominantly concentrated in sub-Saharan Africa. The parasitic schistosome blood fluke responsible for causing the disease completes its complex developmental cycle in two hosts: humans and freshwater snails, where they physically undergo gross modifications to endure the different conditions associated with each host...
September 30, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595647/seroprevalence-of-fascioliasis-toxocariasis-strongyloidiasis-and-cysticercosis-in-blood-samples-diagnosed-in-medic-medical-center-laboratory-ho-chi-minh-city-vietnam-in-2012
#15
Toan Nguyen, Fei Wen Cheong, Jonathan Wee Kent Liew, Yee Ling Lau
BACKGROUND: Despite the global effort against neglected tropical diseases (NTDs), developing countries with middle to low income are still burdened by them. Vietnam has been undergoing substantial economic growth and urbanization, but underprivileged people living in rural and suburban areas are still having little access to public health infrastructure and proper sanitation. Hitherto, limited information is available for seroprevalence and risk factors of several parasitic diseases in Vietnam...
2016: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582306/sexually-transmitted-infections-other-than-hiv-aids-among-women-of-low-socio-economic-class-attending-antenatal-clinics-in-khartoum-sudan
#16
Nada A Abdelrahim, Hiba I Ahmed, Imad M Fadl-Elmula, Magdi A Bayoumi, Mamoun M Homeida
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are major health threats affecting people globally; however, the burden of STIs is greatest in low-income countries. Since they are physiologically more vulnerable, women are mostly affected. The risk is increased dramatically during pregnancy leading to serious health complications that may affect the newborn. Underprivileged pregnant women attending antenatal clinics for routine checkups in displaced camps, a women's prison and several peripheral health centres were clinically and laboratory screened for trichomoniasis, chlamydial infections, gonorrhea and syphilis...
August 31, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573316/georeferenced-and-secure-mobile-health-system-for-large-scale-data-collection-in-primary-care
#17
Joao H G Sa, Marina S Rebelo, Alexandra Brentani, Sandra J F E Grisi, Leonardo H Iwaya, Marcos A Simplicio, Tereza C M B Carvalho, Marco A Gutierrez
INTRODUCTION: Mobile health consists in applying mobile devices and communication capabilities for expanding the coverage and improving the effectiveness of health care programs. The technology is particularly promising for developing countries, in which health authorities can take advantage of the flourishing mobile market to provide adequate health care to underprivileged communities, especially primary care. In Brazil, the Primary Care Information System (SIAB) receives primary health care data from all regions of the country, creating a rich database for health-related action planning...
October 2016: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27572485/astigmatism-in-underserved-rural-areas-a-population-based-study
#18
Hassan Hashemi, Payam Nabovati, Azam Malekifar, Abbasali Yekta, Hadi Ostadimoghaddam, Ebrahim Jafarzadehpur, Mehdi Khabazkhoob
PURPOSE: Studying the prevalence of astigmatism and its related factors in underprivileged rural areas in Iran. METHODS: Using random cluster sampling, two rural areas in the north and southwest of Iran were randomly selected, and 3851 persons over 1 year of age were invited to the study. In addition to recording demographics, retinoscopic refraction was conducted using baseline auto-refraction results. The prevalence of astigmatism was determined based on cylinder error cut-off points of 0...
August 29, 2016: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524746/humanizing-oral-health-care-through-continuing-education-on-social-determinants-of-health-evaluative-case-study-of-a-canadian-private-dental-clinic
#19
Martine Lévesque, Alissa Levine, Christophe Bedos
Primary care practitioners are frequently unprepared to take into account the effects of social determinants on underprivileged patients' health and health management. To address this issue among dental professionals, an original onsite continuing education (CE) course on poverty was co-developed by researchers, dental professionals, and community organizations. Integrating patient narratives and a short film, course material aims to elicit critical reflection and provide coaching for practice improvements...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504414/assessment-of-oral-health-knowledge-attitude-and-self-care-practice-among-adolescents-a-state-wide-cross-sectional-study-in-manipur-north-eastern-india
#20
Pragya Pandey Wahengbam, Nandita Kshetrimayum, Brucelee Singh Wahengbam, Tanya Nandkeoliar, Daiasharailang Lyngdoh
INTRODUCTION: The World Health Organization global strategy of promoting oral health have shown vast improvements in developed countries but the scenario is glum among underprivileged communities due to lacunae in implementation of these promotional programs. Manipur, a North Eastern state in India, is one such marginalized area. AIM: The study aimed to evaluate Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) towards oral health in 15-18 year adolescents residing in Manipur together with the association of these variables to sociodemographic factors...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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