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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318589/bilingualism-narrows-socioeconomic-disparities-in-executive-functions-and-self-regulatory-behaviors-during-early-childhood-evidence-from-the-early-childhood-longitudinal-study
#1
Andree Hartanto, Wei X Toh, Hwajin Yang
Socioeconomic status (SES) and bilingualism have been shown to influence executive functioning during early childhood. Less is known, however, about how the two factors interact within an individual. By analyzing a nationally representative sample of approximately 18,200 children who were tracked from ages 5 to 7 across four waves, both higher SES and bilingualism were found to account for greater performance on the inhibition and shifting aspects of executive functions (EF) and self-regulatory behaviors in classroom...
January 10, 2018: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297404/tithing-programs-pathways-for-enhancing-and-improving-the-health-status-of-the-underprivileged
#2
James K Elrod, John L Fortenberry
BACKGROUND: While quick and easy access to healthcare services is a reality for some, others experience significant hardships, even for receipt of the most basic health and medical care and attention. To those who effectively have been shut out of the healthcare marketplace due largely to economic deficiencies, healthcare providers engaged in the delivery of charitable services are a critical lifeline. Myriad attempts by governmental entities to remedy disparate access and shore up the delivery of healthcare services directed toward the disadvantaged have failed to close gaps, warranting pursuit of novel methods that offer potential and the hope that sufficient access might one day become a reality...
December 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297340/billboard-advertising-an-avenue-for-communicating-healthcare-information-and-opportunities-to-disadvantaged-populations
#3
James K Elrod, John L Fortenberry
BACKGROUND: Healthcare communications directed toward the disadvantaged have the potential to elevate the health status of these underprivileged and highly-challenged individuals. From conveying advice which encourages healthy lifestyles to communicating the location and availability of various medical resources, healthier lives and communities can be realized. Success on this front first requires establishing an effective communications link, something that is made more difficult as communications options available to the disadvantaged are more limited than those available to advantaged populations...
December 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276232/storybridging-four-steps-for-constructing-effective-health-narratives
#4
Anniek Boeijinga, Hans Hoeken, José Sanders
Objective: To develop a practical step-by-step approach to constructing narrative health interventions in response to the mixed results and wide diversity of narratives used in health-related narrative persuasion research. Method: Development work was guided by essential narrative characteristics as well as principles enshrined in the Health Action Process Approach. Results: The 'storybridging' method for constructing health narratives is described as consisting of four concrete steps: (a) identifying the stage of change, (b) identifying the key elements, (c) building the story, and (d) pre-testing the story...
December 2017: Health Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258505/malaria-prevalence-in-mangaluru-city-area-in-the-southwestern-coastal-region-of-india
#5
Kiran K Dayanand, Kishore Punnath, Valleesha Chandrashekar, Rajeshwara N Achur, Srinivas B Kakkilaya, Susanta K Ghosh, Suchetha Kumari, D Channe Gowda
BACKGROUND: Malaria is highly prevalent in many parts of India and the Indian subcontinent. Mangaluru, a city in the southwest coastal region of Karnataka state in India, and surrounding areas are malaria endemic with 10-12 annual parasite index. Despite high endemicity, to-date, very little has been reported on the epidemiology and burden of malaria in this area. METHODS: A cross-sectional surveillance of malaria cases was performed among 900 febrile symptomatic native people (long-time residents) and immigrant labourers (temporary residents) living in Mangaluru city area...
December 19, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219058/macrophage-targeted-cellular-carriers-for-effective-delivery-of-anti-tubercular-drugs
#6
S Beg, Jaya Agnihotri, Shibhna Singh, Mohammad Wais
Newly developed vaccine VPM1002 confers paradigm swing in the prophylactic treatment of tuberculosis (TB).Multi drug resistant and latent TB in adults as well as in underprivileged patients is instigating menace over world population if the host is immune-compromised. One third of the world's population is infected with TB. Recently it is estimated around 9.6 million people around the world became sick with TB disease. There were 1.5 million TB-related deaths worldwide. Therefore with the advent in biotechnology and Nano engineering, newly adapted survival molecular mechanism of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, new targets receptors on alveolar macrophages must be explored out for eradication of TB from the globe...
December 7, 2017: Recent Patents on Anti-infective Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181359/articular-reconstruction-using-subchondral-cementation-and-threaded-kirschner-wires-in-giant-cell-tumor-a-novel-technique
#7
Padmanabh H Vora, Rameez Musa, Neel M Bhavsar, Darshan Shah
Introduction: Giant Cell Tumor(GCT) is one of an infrequently encountered tumor by orthopaedic surgeons in clinical practice. It is described as 'locally malignant' tumor found in epimetaphyseal region of long bones, peculiarly around knee. We present a case of a solitary, benign Campanacci Grade 2 GCT in right lateral femoral condyle in 38 year old female and our treatment. Case Report: A 38 year old female presented to our outpatient department with chief complaint of constant, moderate pain in right knee increasing in duration since 3 months...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115177/the-mediating-effect-of-self-esteem-on-the-relationship-of-living-environment-anxiety-and-depression-of-underprivileged-children-a-path-analysis-in-chinese-context
#8
Xican Yin, Chunkai Li, Shan Jiang
This study aimed to explore the relationships of living environment, self-esteem, anxiety, and depression of children in poverty. A sample of 1314 children (grades 4-9) was collected by a school-based survey in Xiushui city, Mainland China. Structural equation modeling was adopted to analyze the data and verify the hypothesized model. Results showed that living environment was negatively correlated with poor children's anxiety and depression levels, and self-esteem had a mediating effect on the relationship between living environment and the mental health of underprivileged children...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083200/the-paradox-of-intelligence-heritability-and-malleability-coexist-in-hidden-gene-environment-interplay
#9
Bruno Sauce, Louis D Matzel
Intelligence can have an extremely high heritability, but also be malleable; a paradox that has been the source of continuous controversy. Here we attempt to clarify the issue, and advance a frequently overlooked solution to the paradox: Intelligence is a trait with unusual properties that create a large reservoir of hidden gene-environment (GE) networks, allowing for the contribution of high genetic and environmental influences on individual differences in IQ. GE interplay is difficult to specify with current methods, and is underestimated in standard metrics of heritability (thus inflating estimates of "genetic" effects)...
October 30, 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081641/parents-social-status-and-children-s-daily-physical-activity-the-role-of-familial-socialization-and-support
#10
Michael Mutz, Peggy Albrecht
Physical activity is a health relevant factor, particularly in affluent societies where overweight and obesity are increasingly prevalent, even among children. Understanding the development of physical activity patterns in childhood is thus an important issue for health promotion. Following socialization theory, this study describes and explains differences in objectively measured moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in a socially and ethnically mixed sample of 6- to 11-year-old children in Germany...
2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078891/prolonged-length-of-stay-in-delayed-cholecystectomy-is-not-due-to-intraoperative-or-postoperative-contributors
#11
Misha Bhandari, Chad Wilson, Kenneth Rifkind, Charles DiMaggio, Patricia Ayoung-Chee
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported that same-day laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis is superior to delayed elective cholecystectomy. Although this practice is ideal, it requires significant hospital resources, particularly for an underprivileged inner-city population at a large, municipal hospital. We sought to evaluate the implementation of same-day laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a large, municipal hospital and assess the possible benefits of decreasing preoperative length of stay (LOS), particularly its effect on operative time and length of stay in patients with acute cholecystitis...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078599/from-full-thoracotomy-to-uniportal-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-lessons-learned
#12
REVIEW
Eliseo Passera, Gaetano Rocco
Over the last two decades, conventional video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) has established itself as the preferred approach for almost all thoracic surgical procedures. The procedure provides a safe and easy approach with undisputed patient benefit at a cost acceptable to the healthcare system all over the world, in large hospitals as well as underprivileged rural areas. VATS has effectively addressed the patients' right to less scarring, trauma (both of access and intrathoracic manipulation), medication, pain, hospitalization, and early return home and work...
2017: Journal of Visualized Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069940/effects-of-multi-dimensional-social-capital-on-mental-health-of-children-in-poverty-an-empirical-study-in-mainland-china
#13
Chunkai Li, Shan Jiang, Xiaotong Fang
Using the data of 1314 underprivileged children in Xiushui, China, this study adopted an ecological framework to explore how social capital embedded in family, peer, school, and community interplay and affect the mental health of poor children. Structural equation modeling was employed to verify the hypothesized model. The results demonstrated that higher levels of family, peer, and school social capital were all associated with better mental health outcomes of children in poverty. Moreover, family, peer, and school social capital fully mediated the effect of community social capital on children's mental health...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989126/risk-factors-and-treatment-needs-among-orphan-school-children
#14
Malleedi Shanthi, E V Soma Sekhar Goud, G Padmanabha Kumar, Jagdeesh P Rajguru, Subramaniam Ratnasothy, Kranti Kr Ealla
AIM: The aim of the study was to identify risk factors and treatment needs of orphan children of Selangor, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Ob ectives: (1) To identify the association between the frequency of snacking and caries among orphan schoolchildren, (2) To assess Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacilli (microbiological assessment) in saliva of orphan children, and (3) To formulate treatment needs for orphan children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done among 253 children of 5-, 12-, and 15-year-olds living in various orphanage houses of Selangor, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958798/parents-use-of-physical-and-verbal-punishment-cross-sectional-study-in-underprivileged-neighborhoods
#15
Vagner Dos Santos, Paulo Henrique Dourado da Silva, Lenora Gandolfi
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the past-year prevalence of parental use of verbal and physical discipline in an urban sample. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted in two underprivileged neighborhoods with nearly 80,000 inhabitants. Complex sampling was used. The households were selected by applying two-stage probabilistic sampling with stratification. A total of 401 households (sample error=0.1) were selected by maximizing the variance (p=0.5). The cluster sampling indicated 33 census units (sample error=0...
September 25, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916882/evaluating-a-mental-health-program-for-palestinian-refugees-in-lebanon
#16
Nasser Yassin, Asma A Taha, Zeina Ghantous, Mia Malda Atoui, Fabio Forgione
Medecins sans Frontière, an international non-governmental organization, initiated a mental health program for Palestinian refugees living in Lebanon. To evaluate the impact of the program after its completion, focus groups were conducted with three target groups: (1) patients, (2) staff, and (3) local community stakeholders. Participants voiced overall satisfaction with the program. The program provided easy access, good quality care, decreased stigma, as perceived by participants, and revealed a sense of community contentedness...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901841/re-reading-homonationalism-an-israeli-spatial-perspective
#17
Gilly Hartal, Orna Sasson-Levy
In this paper we stress the need for specifically located understandings of the concept of homonationalism, by introducing an analysis of spatial and political power relations dissecting disparate constructions of LGBT arenas. The paper explores three spaces: Tel-Aviv - an urban space of LGBT belonging, Jerusalem - the Israeli capital where being an LGBT individual is problematic both in public and in private spaces and Kiryat-Shmona - a conservative and peripheral underprivileged town in the north of Israel...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882386/knowledge-of-medical-students-on-national-health-care-system-a-french-multicentric-survey
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
A-L Feral-Pierssens, A-S Jannot
BACKGROUND: Education on national health care policy and costs is part of our medical curriculum explaining how our health care system works. Our aim was to measure French medical students' knowledge about national health care funding, costs and access and explore association with their educational and personal background. METHODS: We developed a web-based survey exploring knowledge on national health care funding, access and costs through 19 items and measured success score as the number of correct answers...
September 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865350/how-do-educational-contexts-contribute-to-the-social-class-achievement-gap-documenting-symbolic-violence-from-a-social-psychological-point-of-view
#19
REVIEW
Jean-Claude Croizet, Sébastien Goudeau, Medhi Marot, Mathias Millet
This article examines how the educational system participates in the reproduction of social inequality. After exposing the basics of the Social Reproduction Theory developed in sociology by Bourdieu and Passeron in 1977, we examine the research in social psychology that documents the reality of 'symbolic violence' that is the symbolic power that operates in the classroom and undermines the performance of students from underprivileged backgrounds. Three lines of research are examined: self-esteem, self-threat and research on the non-neutrality of educational settings...
August 23, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830406/exploring-attitudes-and-perceptions-of-patients-and-staff-towards-an-after-hours-co-pay-clinic-supplementing-free-hiv-services-in-kampala-uganda
#20
Adelline Twimukye, Rachel King, Walter Schlech, Faridah Mayanja Zawedde, Tom Kakaire, Rosalind Parkes-Ratanshi
BACKGROUND: There has been a rapid scale up of HIV services and access to anti-retroviral therapy in Africa over the last 10 years as a result of multilateral donor funding mechanisms. However, in order to continue to expand and to sustain these services it is important that "in country" options are explored. This study sought to explore attitudes and perceptions of people living with HIV (PLHIV) and health care staff towards using a fee-based "after hours" clinic (AHC) at the Infectious Diseases Institute (IDI) in Kampala, Uganda...
August 22, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
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