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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115177/the-mediating-effect-of-self-esteem-on-the-relationship-of-living-environment-anxiety-and-depression-of-underprivileged-children-a-path-analysis-in-chinese-context
#1
Xican Yin, Chunkai Li, Shan Jiang
This study aimed to explore the relationships of living environment, self-esteem, anxiety, and depression of children in poverty. A sample of 1314 children (grades 4-9) was collected by a school-based survey in Xiushui city, Mainland China. Structural equation modeling was adopted to analyze the data and verify the hypothesized model. Results showed that living environment was negatively correlated with poor children's anxiety and depression levels, and self-esteem had a mediating effect on the relationship between living environment and the mental health of underprivileged children...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083200/the-paradox-of-intelligence-heritability-and-malleability-coexist-in-hidden-gene-environment-interplay
#2
Bruno Sauce, Louis D Matzel
Intelligence can have an extremely high heritability, but also be malleable; a paradox that has been the source of continuous controversy. Here we attempt to clarify the issue, and advance a frequently overlooked solution to the paradox: Intelligence is a trait with unusual properties that create a large reservoir of hidden gene-environment (GE) networks, allowing for the contribution of high genetic and environmental influences on individual differences in IQ. GE interplay is difficult to specify with current methods, and is underestimated in standard metrics of heritability (thus inflating estimates of "genetic" effects)...
October 30, 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081641/parents-social-status-and-children-s-daily-physical-activity-the-role-of-familial-socialization-and-support
#3
Michael Mutz, Peggy Albrecht
Physical activity is a health relevant factor, particularly in affluent societies where overweight and obesity are increasingly prevalent, even among children. Understanding the development of physical activity patterns in childhood is thus an important issue for health promotion. Following socialization theory, this study describes and explains differences in objectively measured moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in a socially and ethnically mixed sample of 6- to 11-year-old children in Germany...
2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078891/prolonged-length-of-stay-in-delayed-cholecystectomy-is-not-due-to-intraoperative-or-postoperative-contributors
#4
Misha Bhandari, Chad Wilson, Kenneth Rifkind, Charles DiMaggio, Patricia Ayoung-Chee
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported that same-day laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis is superior to delayed elective cholecystectomy. Although this practice is ideal, it requires significant hospital resources, particularly for an underprivileged inner-city population at a large, municipal hospital. We sought to evaluate the implementation of same-day laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a large, municipal hospital and assess the possible benefits of decreasing preoperative length of stay (LOS), particularly its effect on operative time and length of stay in patients with acute cholecystitis...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078599/from-full-thoracotomy-to-uniportal-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-lessons-learned
#5
REVIEW
Eliseo Passera, Gaetano Rocco
Over the last two decades, conventional video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) has established itself as the preferred approach for almost all thoracic surgical procedures. The procedure provides a safe and easy approach with undisputed patient benefit at a cost acceptable to the healthcare system all over the world, in large hospitals as well as underprivileged rural areas. VATS has effectively addressed the patients' right to less scarring, trauma (both of access and intrathoracic manipulation), medication, pain, hospitalization, and early return home and work...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069940/effects-of-multi-dimensional-social-capital-on-mental-health-of-children-in-poverty-an-empirical-study-in-mainland-china
#6
Chunkai Li, Shan Jiang, Xiaotong Fang
Using the data of 1314 underprivileged children in Xiushui, China, this study adopted an ecological framework to explore how social capital embedded in family, peer, school, and community interplay and affect the mental health of poor children. Structural equation modeling was employed to verify the hypothesized model. The results demonstrated that higher levels of family, peer, and school social capital were all associated with better mental health outcomes of children in poverty. Moreover, family, peer, and school social capital fully mediated the effect of community social capital on children's mental health...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989126/risk-factors-and-treatment-needs-among-orphan-school-children
#7
Malleedi Shanthi, E V Soma Sekhar Goud, G Padmanabha Kumar, Jagdeesh P Rajguru, Subramaniam Ratnasothy, Kranti Kr Ealla
AIM: The aim of the study was to identify risk factors and treatment needs of orphan children of Selangor, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Ob ectives: (1) To identify the association between the frequency of snacking and caries among orphan schoolchildren, (2) To assess Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacilli (microbiological assessment) in saliva of orphan children, and (3) To formulate treatment needs for orphan children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done among 253 children of 5-, 12-, and 15-year-olds living in various orphanage houses of Selangor, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958798/parents-use-of-physical-and-verbal-punishment-cross-sectional-study-in-underprivileged-neighborhoods
#8
Vagner Dos Santos, Paulo Henrique Dourado da Silva, Lenora Gandolfi
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the past-year prevalence of parental use of verbal and physical discipline in an urban sample. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted in two underprivileged neighborhoods with nearly 80,000 inhabitants. Complex sampling was used. The households were selected by applying two-stage probabilistic sampling with stratification. A total of 401 households (sample error=0.1) were selected by maximizing the variance (p=0.5). The cluster sampling indicated 33 census units (sample error=0...
September 25, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916882/evaluating-a-mental-health-program-for-palestinian-refugees-in-lebanon
#9
Nasser Yassin, Asma A Taha, Zeina Ghantous, Mia Malda Atoui, Fabio Forgione
Medecins sans Frontière, an international non-governmental organization, initiated a mental health program for Palestinian refugees living in Lebanon. To evaluate the impact of the program after its completion, focus groups were conducted with three target groups: (1) patients, (2) staff, and (3) local community stakeholders. Participants voiced overall satisfaction with the program. The program provided easy access, good quality care, decreased stigma, as perceived by participants, and revealed a sense of community contentedness...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901841/re-reading-homonationalism-an-israeli-spatial-perspective
#10
Gilly Hartal, Orna Sasson-Levy
In this paper we stress the need for specifically located understandings of the concept of homonationalism, by introducing an analysis of spatial and political power relations dissecting disparate constructions of LGBT arenas. The paper explores three spaces: Tel-Aviv - an urban space of LGBT belonging, Jerusalem - the Israeli capital where being an LGBT individual is problematic both in public and in private spaces and Kiryat-Shmona - a conservative and peripheral underprivileged town in the north of Israel...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882386/knowledge-of-medical-students-on-national-health-care-system-a-french-multicentric-survey
#11
MULTICENTER STUDY
A-L Feral-Pierssens, A-S Jannot
BACKGROUND: Education on national health care policy and costs is part of our medical curriculum explaining how our health care system works. Our aim was to measure French medical students' knowledge about national health care funding, costs and access and explore association with their educational and personal background. METHODS: We developed a web-based survey exploring knowledge on national health care funding, access and costs through 19 items and measured success score as the number of correct answers...
September 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865350/how-do-educational-contexts-contribute-to-the-social-class-achievement-gap-documenting-symbolic-violence-from-a-social-psychological-point-of-view
#12
REVIEW
Jean-Claude Croizet, Sébastien Goudeau, Medhi Marot, Mathias Millet
This article examines how the educational system participates in the reproduction of social inequality. After exposing the basics of the Social Reproduction Theory developed in sociology by Bourdieu and Passeron in 1977, we examine the research in social psychology that documents the reality of 'symbolic violence' that is the symbolic power that operates in the classroom and undermines the performance of students from underprivileged backgrounds. Three lines of research are examined: self-esteem, self-threat and research on the non-neutrality of educational settings...
August 23, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830406/exploring-attitudes-and-perceptions-of-patients-and-staff-towards-an-after-hours-co-pay-clinic-supplementing-free-hiv-services-in-kampala-uganda
#13
Adelline Twimukye, Rachel King, Walter Schlech, Faridah Mayanja Zawedde, Tom Kakaire, Rosalind Parkes-Ratanshi
BACKGROUND: There has been a rapid scale up of HIV services and access to anti-retroviral therapy in Africa over the last 10 years as a result of multilateral donor funding mechanisms. However, in order to continue to expand and to sustain these services it is important that "in country" options are explored. This study sought to explore attitudes and perceptions of people living with HIV (PLHIV) and health care staff towards using a fee-based "after hours" clinic (AHC) at the Infectious Diseases Institute (IDI) in Kampala, Uganda...
August 22, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829880/underprivilege-as-privilege
#14
Stephanie Y Zhou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 22, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816486/father-support-and-adjustment-difficulties-among-youth-in-residential-care-the-moderating-role-of-peer-victimization-and-gender
#15
Shalhevet Attar-Schwartz, Adi Fridman-Teutsch
Father support of young people living in out-of-home settings is a neglected area of research. The study examines the moderating role of peer victimization in the association between father support and adjustment difficulties among male and female adolescents in residential care settings. Using random cluster sampling, the study includes the reports of 1,409 young people, in Grades 8 to 12, residing in 16 Israeli educational residential care settings designed for youth from underprivileged backgrounds. The findings show that, on average, fathers are highly involved in these young people's lives...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794871/bleeding-complications-post-ultrasound-guided-renal-biopsy-a-single-centre-experience-from-pakistan
#16
Rabeea Azmat, Abdul Basit Siddiqui, M Tahir Rizwan Khan, Shiyam Sunder, Waqar Kashif
INTRODUCTION: Renal biopsy is the diagnostic modality of choice for the diagnosis of renal parenchymal diseases. The advent of improved imaging techniques and biopsy needles over the years has increased the safety of the procedure and the ability to obtain adequate renal tissue for diagnosis. However, there is paucity of data in this regard from Pakistan. This study shall help in establishing the local perspective of the frequency of bleeding complications in percutaneous ultrasound guided renal biopsy...
September 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764563/patient-profiles-as-organizing-hiv-clinicians-art-adherence-management-a-qualitative-analysis
#17
Isabelle Toupin, Kim Engler, David Lessard, Leo Wong, Andràs Lènàrt, Francois Raffi, Bruno Spire, Bertrand Lebouché
The effectiveness of antiretroviral therapy (ART) depends on optimal clinical management and patient adherence. Little is known about patient characteristics that clinicians consider in the management of ART adherence. Exploring this issue, five focus groups were conducted with 31 HIV-clinicians from across France. A qualitative typological analysis suggests that clinician management of patient adherence is based on characteristics that coalesce into seven patient profiles. For the "passive" patient, described as taking ART exactly as prescribed without questioning their doctor's expertise, a directive and simple management style was preferred...
August 1, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729310/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-caries-experience-care-level-and-dental-attendance-in-primary-school-children-in-belgium-a-cross-sectional-survey
#18
Martijn J Lambert, Jacques S N Vanobbergen, Luc C Martens, Luc M J De Visschere
OBJECTIVES: Oral health inequality in children is a widespread and well-documented problem in oral healthcare. However, objective and reliable methods to determine these inequalities in all oral health aspects, including both dental attendance and oral health, are rather scarce. AIMS: To explore oral health inequalities and to assess the impact of socioeconomic factors on oral health, oral health behaviour and dental compliance of primary school children. METHODS: Data collection was executed in 2014 within a sample of 2216 children in 105 primary schools in Flanders, by means of an oral examination and a validated questionnaire...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721463/exstrophy-bladder-reconstruction-or-diversion-for-the-underprivileged
#19
REVIEW
Yogesh Kumar Sarin, Virender Sekhon
The surgical techniques for management of bladder exstrophy epispadias complex have evolved from staged reconstruction, complete primary repair to radical mobilization. Post-operative complications add to the multiplicity of surgical procedures at each step. The end results are variable with many achieving continence rates of 85-89% only after bladder augmentation and clean intermittent catheterization. The situation is further complicated in resource-poor settings, where illiteracy and poverty are the driving factors for choosing a single operative procedure for creation of low pressure reservoir aiming at upper tract preservation and good primary continence...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680186/the-effect-of-religiosity-on-life-satisfaction-in-a-secularized-context-assessing-the-relevance-of-believing-and-belonging
#20
Josje Ten Kate, Willem de Koster, Jeroen van der Waal
The positive relationship between religiosity and life satisfaction is well-established. This relationship is, however, likely to vary across cultural contexts and different religious affiliations. Furthermore, research is needed to uncover why religion is relevant for life satisfaction. Addressing these issues, we investigate what dimensions of being religious play a role in the life satisfaction of individuals with different religious affiliations, including the understudied Muslim category, in the highly secularized Dutch context...
2017: Review of Religious Research
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