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Maya Balakrishnan, Rollin George, Ashish Sharma, David Y Graham, Hoda M Malaty
BACKGROUND: The USA has among the lowest gastric cancer incidence rates worldwide. AIM: To investigate whether increasing immigration from high cancer incidence countries has altered the GC incidence in a large US metropolitan area. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study among an underprivileged, multiethnic population in Texas. Gastric cancer cases diagnosed during 2005-2015 were identified using the cancer registry of the public medical care system for Harris County...
March 15, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Kingsley K Duah, Edward K Essuman, Osca S Olympio, Worlah Akwetey, Vida Gyimah, Jeremiah O Yeboah
Commercial poultry production, although fairly well developed, continues to develop rapidly in Africa and other areas of the world. The local chickens, which may perhaps be harnessed and exploited for poverty alleviation, form part of the many local assets of underprivileged people living in the rural areas. In view of this, the study aims to investigate consumer acceptability of indigenous chicken meats using survey and sensory evaluation. The survey is comprised mainly of interviewing market women and supplying birds to them for sale in order to find answers to questions related to marketability or otherwise of the naked-neck, frizzled naked-neck, and normal-feathered cockerels...
March 8, 2018: Poultry Science
Celia C Lo, William Ash-Houchen, Heather M Gerling, Tyrone C Cheng
Obesity rates have risen significantly in recent decades, with underprivileged Americans associated with higher rates of the condition. Risks associated with obesity, furthermore, appear unequally distributed across different racial/ethnic groups, according to the literature. The present study examined racial disparities in obesity as a function of socioeconomic factors, using a sample of American adults from a 32-year longitudinal study. We accounted for the time factor as we evaluated obesity's associations with selected socioeconomic factors; we also examined race/ethnicity's moderating role in obesity-socioeconomic status associations over time...
March 4, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
Christos Chouaid, Jean Baptiste Assié, Pascal Andujar, Cecile Blein, Charlène Tournier, Alexandre Vainchtock, Arnaud Scherpereel, Isabelle Monnet, Jean Claude Pairon
This study was undertaken to determine the healthcare burden of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) in France and to analyze its associations with socioeconomic deprivation, population density, and management outcomes. A national hospital database was used to extract incident MPM patients in years 2011 and 2012. Cox models were used to analyze 1- and 2-year survival according to sex, age, co-morbidities, management, population-density index, and social deprivation index. The analysis included 1,890 patients (76% men; age: 73...
February 26, 2018: Cancer Medicine
Amarjargal Dagvadorj, Duurenbayar Ganbaatar, Olukunmi O Balogun, Naohiro Yonemoto, Bayasgalantai Bavuusuren, Kenji Takehara, Rintaro Mori, Moe Akahira-Azuma
BACKGROUND: Factors influencing child development are not well studied in developing settings, and especially in Mongolia. This cohort study examined the relationship between maternal socio-demographic and psychological conditions on risk of young child developmental delay. METHODS: A total of 150 children aged between 13 ~ 24 months old participated in this study. The participants were randomly selected from a pre-existing cohort of 1297 children who were involved in a study on infant bilirubin nomogram development conducted at a tertiary health facility in Mongolia between 2012 and 2013...
February 19, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Wolfgang Lehmann, Holly Trower
Although Canadian universities have made internationalization a strategic priority, only few Canadian students currently participate in any international study opportunities. Drawing on interviews with Canadian students who were about to spend some of their undergraduate education abroad as exchange students, or had recently returned from a study exchange, we argue that despite the importance of relatively high costs associated with international study experiences, cultural factors play a more important role in enabling the decision to study abroad...
February 2018: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
Tariq Kazim Shah, Tasneem Tariq, Roger Phillips, Steve Davison, Adam Hoare, Syed Shahzad Hasan, Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar
Almost half of the world's total population reside in rural and remote areas and a large number of these people remain deprived of most basic facilities like healthcare and education. It is deemed impossible for government with scarce resources in developing countries to open and run a health facility in every remote community using conventional means. One increasingly popular unconventional mean is the use of existing technology to improve exchange of medical information for the purpose of improving health of underprivileged communities...
2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
Marit S Skeie, Kristin S Klock
BACKGROUND: This systematic review was designed to uncover the most reliable evidence about the effects of caries preventive strategies in children and adolescents of immigrant or low socioeconomic backgrounds. METHODS: According to pre-determined inclusion and exclusion criteria, relevant articles focusing on underprivileged groups were electronically selected between January1995 and October 2015. The literature search was conducted in five databases; PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, SweMed+ and Cochrane Library...
February 7, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Lahiru Sandaruwan Galgamuwa, Devika Iddawela, Samath D Dharmaratne
BACKGROUND: Ascaris lumbricoides infections are one of the commonnest intestinal nematode infections in the world, with a profound negative effect on nutritional status among underprivileged populations. In Sri Lanka, Ascaris infections and low nutritional status still persist in the plantation sector. However, research regarding the association between Ascaris infections and nutritional status is scarce. The main purpose of this study was to determine the association between Ascaris infections and physical growth among children in a plantation sector in Sri Lanka...
January 25, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Fubing Ouyang, Ying Wang, Weixian Huang, Yicong Chen, Yuhui Zhao, Ge Dang, Chunbo Zhang, Yang Lin, Jinsheng Zeng
BACKGROUND: Data on the association between socioeconomic status and post-stroke functional outcome in developing countries is lacking. We aimed to evaluate the association in stroke survivors in deprived rural Southern China. METHODS: We conducted door-to-door interviews and collected data using a structured questionnaire in stroke survivors from five fourth-class rural areas of Guangdong Province through a non-government initiated registry from August 2014 to March 2015...
January 25, 2018: BMC Neurology
Nikhil Lohiya, Vaman Khadilkar, Shubhadarshini Pawar, Anuradha Khadilkar, Shashi Chiplonkar, Rahul Jahagirdar
OBJECTIVES: To field test the IAP2015 (Indian Academy of Pediatrics) charts in different socioeconomic classes; to compare standard deviation scores (Z-scores) of children's height, weight and body mass index (BMI) for age as computed based on IAP2007 or WHO charts against the IAP2015 references. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted in the district of Pune on apparently healthy 5-18 y old children from urban affluent, urban underprivileged and rural areas...
January 24, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Andree Hartanto, Wei X Toh, Hwajin Yang
Socioeconomic status (SES) and bilingualism have been shown to influence executive functioning during early childhood. Less is known, however, about how the two factors interact within an individual. By analyzing a nationally representative sample of approximately 18,200 children who were tracked from ages 5 to 7 across four waves, both higher SES and bilingualism were found to account for greater performance on the inhibition and shifting aspects of executive functions (EF) and self-regulatory behaviors in classroom...
January 10, 2018: Child Development
James K Elrod, John L Fortenberry
BACKGROUND: While quick and easy access to healthcare services is a reality for some, others experience significant hardships, even for receipt of the most basic health and medical care and attention. To those who effectively have been shut out of the healthcare marketplace due largely to economic deficiencies, healthcare providers engaged in the delivery of charitable services are a critical lifeline. Myriad attempts by governmental entities to remedy disparate access and shore up the delivery of healthcare services directed toward the disadvantaged have failed to close gaps, warranting pursuit of novel methods that offer potential and the hope that sufficient access might one day become a reality...
December 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
James K Elrod, John L Fortenberry
BACKGROUND: Healthcare communications directed toward the disadvantaged have the potential to elevate the health status of these underprivileged and highly-challenged individuals. From conveying advice which encourages healthy lifestyles to communicating the location and availability of various medical resources, healthier lives and communities can be realized. Success on this front first requires establishing an effective communications link, something that is made more difficult as communications options available to the disadvantaged are more limited than those available to advantaged populations...
December 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
Anniek Boeijinga, Hans Hoeken, José Sanders
Objective: To develop a practical step-by-step approach to constructing narrative health interventions in response to the mixed results and wide diversity of narratives used in health-related narrative persuasion research. Method: Development work was guided by essential narrative characteristics as well as principles enshrined in the Health Action Process Approach. Results: The 'storybridging' method for constructing health narratives is described as consisting of four concrete steps: (a) identifying the stage of change, (b) identifying the key elements, (c) building the story, and (d) pre-testing the story...
December 2017: Health Education Journal
Kiran K Dayanand, Kishore Punnath, Valleesha Chandrashekar, Rajeshwara N Achur, Srinivas B Kakkilaya, Susanta K Ghosh, Suchetha Kumari, D Channe Gowda
BACKGROUND: Malaria is highly prevalent in many parts of India and the Indian subcontinent. Mangaluru, a city in the southwest coastal region of Karnataka state in India, and surrounding areas are malaria endemic with 10-12 annual parasite index. Despite high endemicity, to-date, very little has been reported on the epidemiology and burden of malaria in this area. METHODS: A cross-sectional surveillance of malaria cases was performed among 900 febrile symptomatic native people (long-time residents) and immigrant labourers (temporary residents) living in Mangaluru city area...
December 19, 2017: Malaria Journal
S Beg, Jaya Agnihotri, Shibhna Singh, Mohammad Wais
Newly developed vaccine VPM1002 confers paradigm swing in the prophylactic treatment of tuberculosis (TB).Multi drug resistant and latent TB in adults as well as in underprivileged patients is instigating menace over world population if the host is immune-compromised. One third of the world's population is infected with TB. Recently it is estimated around 9.6 million people around the world became sick with TB disease. There were 1.5 million TB-related deaths worldwide. Therefore with the advent in biotechnology and Nano engineering, newly adapted survival molecular mechanism of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, new targets receptors on alveolar macrophages must be explored out for eradication of TB from the globe...
December 7, 2017: Recent Patents on Anti-infective Drug Discovery
Padmanabh H Vora, Rameez Musa, Neel M Bhavsar, Darshan Shah
Introduction: Giant Cell Tumor(GCT) is one of an infrequently encountered tumor by orthopaedic surgeons in clinical practice. It is described as 'locally malignant' tumor found in epimetaphyseal region of long bones, peculiarly around knee. We present a case of a solitary, benign Campanacci Grade 2 GCT in right lateral femoral condyle in 38 year old female and our treatment. Case Report: A 38 year old female presented to our outpatient department with chief complaint of constant, moderate pain in right knee increasing in duration since 3 months...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Xican Yin, Chunkai Li, Shan Jiang
This study aimed to explore the relationships of living environment, self-esteem, anxiety, and depression of children in poverty. A sample of 1314 children (grades 4-9) was collected by a school-based survey in Xiushui city, Mainland China. Structural equation modeling was adopted to analyze the data and verify the hypothesized model. Results showed that living environment was negatively correlated with poor children's anxiety and depression levels, and self-esteem had a mediating effect on the relationship between living environment and the mental health of underprivileged children...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
Bruno Sauce, Louis D Matzel
Intelligence can have an extremely high heritability, but also be malleable; a paradox that has been the source of continuous controversy. Here we attempt to clarify the issue, and advance a frequently overlooked solution to the paradox: Intelligence is a trait with unusual properties that create a large reservoir of hidden gene-environment (GE) networks, allowing for the contribution of high genetic and environmental influences on individual differences in IQ. GE interplay is difficult to specify with current methods, and is underestimated in standard metrics of heritability (thus inflating estimates of "genetic" effects)...
October 30, 2017: Psychological Bulletin
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