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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668505/comparison-of-functional-results-after-cross-face-nerve-graft-spinal-accessory-nerve-and-masseter-nerve-innervated-gracilis-for-facial-paralysis-reconstruction-the-chang-gung-experience
#1
David Chwei-Chin Chuang, Johnny Chuieng-Yi Lu, Tommy Nai-Jen Chang, Vincent G Laurence
BACKGROUND: Using functioning free muscle transplantation (FFMT) for facial paralysis and postparalysis facial synkinesis reconstruction is our preferred technique. Gracilis was the first choice of muscle. Three motor neurotizers: cross-face nerve graft (CFNG), spinal accessory nerve (XI) and masseter nerve (V3) have been used as neurotizers for different indications. METHODS: A total of 362 cases of facial reanimation with FFMT were performed between 1986 and 2015...
April 17, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616743/the-chick-limb-embryology-genetics-and-teratology
#2
Megan G Davey, Matthew Towers, Neil Vargesson, Cheryll Tickle
The chick embryo has a long history in investigations of vertebrate limb development because of the ease with which its limbs can be experimentally manipulated. Early studies elucidated the fundamental embryology of the limb and identified the key signalling regions that govern its development. The chick limb became a leading model for exploring the concept of positional information and understanding how patterns of differentiated cells and tissues develop in vertebrate embryos. When developmentally important molecules began to be identified, experiments in chick limbs were crucial for bridging embryology and molecular biology...
2018: International Journal of Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574044/ultrasonic-vocalization-in-juvenile-and-adult-male-rats-a-comparison-among-stocks
#3
Rainer K W Schwarting
Ultrasonic vocalizations (USV) are widely studied in mice and rats, and in case of rats, the bulk of empirical evidence is based on outbred rats, which in most studies belong to either Long Evans, Sprague-Dawley or Wistar stocks. It is known that these stocks can differ in terms of specific brain variables and also behaviorally, but there is only few evidence so far showing whether these stocks behave in similar or substantially different ways in paradigms which are often used to study USV. Therefore, we have started a larger series of comparative studies, where we analyzed different classes of USV in rats from these three stocks spanning from pups to adults...
March 21, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551734/removing-own-limb-visual-input-using-mixed-reality-mr-produces-a-telescoping-illusion-in-healthy-individuals
#4
Mikkel Thøgersen, John Hansen, Lars Arendt-Nielsen, Herta Flor, Laura Petrini
The purpose of the present study was to assess changes in body perception when visual feedback was removed from the hand and arm with the purpose of resembling the visual deprivation arising from amputation. The illusion was created by removing the visual feedback from the participants' own left forearm using a mixed reality (MR) and green screen environment. Thirty healthy persons (15 female) participated in the study. Each subject experienced two MR conditions, one with and one without visual feedback from the left hand, and a baseline condition with normal vision of the limb (no MR)...
March 15, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540782/energy-allocation-and-behaviour-in-the-growing-broiler-chicken
#5
Peter G Tickle, John R Hutchinson, Jonathan R Codd
Broiler chickens are increasingly at the forefront of global meat production but the consequences of fast growth and selection for an increase in body mass on bird health are an ongoing concern for industry and consumers. To better understand the implications of selection we evaluated energetics and behaviour over the 6-week hatch-to-slaughter developmental period in a commercial broiler. The effect of posture on resting metabolic rate becomes increasingly significant as broilers grow, as standing became more energetically expensive than sitting...
March 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326179/mixed-methods-evaluation-of-a-novel-online-sti-results-service
#6
Jo Gibbs, Catherine R H Aicken, Lorna J Sutcliffe, Voula Gkatzidou, Laura J Tickle, Kate Hone, S Tariq Sadiq, Pam Sonnenberg, Claudia S Estcourt
OBJECTIVES: Evidence on optimal methods for providing STI test results is lacking. We evaluated an online results service, developed as part of an eSexual Health Clinic (eSHC). METHODS: We evaluated the online results service using a mixed-methods approach within large exploratory studies of the eSHC. Participants were chlamydia- positive and negative users of online postal self-sampling services in six National Chlamydia Screening Programme (NCSP) areas and chlamydia-positive patients from two genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinics between 21 July 2014 and 13 March 2015...
January 11, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247187/alterations-in-oral-bacterial-communities-are-associated-with-risk-factors-for-oral-and-oropharyngeal-cancer
#7
Daniela Börnigen, Boyu Ren, Robert Pickard, Jingfeng Li, Enver Ozer, Erica M Hartmann, Weihong Xiao, Timothy Tickle, Jennifer Rider, Dirk Gevers, Eric A Franzosa, Mary Ellen Davey, Maura L Gillison, Curtis Huttenhower
Oral squamous cell carcinomas are a major cause of morbidity and mortality, and tobacco usage, alcohol consumption, and poor oral hygiene are established risk factors. To date, no large-scale case-control studies have considered the effects of these risk factors on the composition of the oral microbiome, nor microbial community associations with oral cancer. We compared the composition, diversity, and function of the oral microbiomes of 121 oral cancer patients to 242 age- and gender-matched controls using a metagenomic multivariate analysis pipeline...
December 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242513/scarf-1-promotes-adhesion-of-cd4-t-cells-to-human-hepatic-sinusoidal-endothelium-under-conditions-of-shear-stress
#8
Daniel A Patten, Sivesh K Kamarajah, Joanne M Rose, Joseph Tickle, Emma L Shepherd, David H Adams, Chris J Weston, Shishir Shetty
Liver-resident cells are constantly exposed to gut-derived antigens via portal blood and, as a consequence, they express a unique repertoire of scavenger receptors. Whilst there is increasing evidence that the gut contributes to chronic inflammatory liver disease, the role of scavenger receptors in regulating liver inflammation remains limited. Here, we describe for the first time the expression of scavenger receptor class F, member 1 (SCARF-1) on hepatic sinusoidal endothelial cells (HSEC). We report that SCARF-1 shows a highly localised expression pattern and co-localised with endothelial markers on sinusoidal endothelium...
December 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228835/the-self-management-balancing-act-of-spousal-care-partners-in-the-case-of-parkinson-s-disease
#9
Sue Berger, Tiffany Chen, Jenna Eldridge, Cathi A Thomas, Barbara Habermann, Linda Tickle-Degnen
BACKGROUND: Living with and caring for someone with chronic illness can lead to limitations in activity and social participation for the care partner. Past research emphasizes the importance of care partners taking care of themselves physically and emotionally so they can stay healthy to support the care recipient. There is little information regarding how the care partner takes care of their own social lives. The purpose of this study was to explore the concept of social self-management from the perspective of spousal care partners of people with Parkinson's disease...
December 12, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201595/microbes-tickling-your-tummy-the-importance-of-the-gut-brain-axis-in-parkinson-s-disease
#10
REVIEW
Paula Perez-Pardo, Mitch Hartog, Johan Garssen, Aletta D Kraneveld
Purpose of Review: Patients suffering from Parkinson's disease (PD) are known to experience gastrointestinal dysfunction that might precede the onset of motor symptoms by several years. Evidence suggests an important role of the gut-brain axis in PD pathogenesis. These interactions might be essentially influenced by the gut microbiota. Here, we review recent findings supporting that changes in the gut microbiota composition might be a trigger for inflammation contributing to neurodegeneration in PD...
2017: Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191946/thrombopoietin-tickling-the-hsc-s-fancy
#11
Ah Ram Kim, Vijay G Sankaran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: EMBO Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143821/erratum-the-neuropeptide-nmu-amplifies-ilc2-driven-allergic-lung-inflammation
#12
Antonia Wallrapp, Samantha J Riesenfeld, Patrick R Burkett, Raja-Elie E Abdulnour, Jackson Nyman, Danielle Dionne, Matan Hofree, Michael S Cuoco, Christopher Rodman, Daneyal Farouq, Brian J Haas, Timothy L Tickle, John J Trombetta, Pankaj Baral, Christoph S N Klose, Tanel Mahlakõiv, David Artis, Orit Rozenblatt-Rosen, Isaac M Chiu, Bruce D Levy, Monika S Kowalczyk, Aviv Regev, Vijay K Kuchroo
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/nature24029.
November 30, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120681/introducing-a-new-superabsorbent-dressing-to-manage-wound-exudate
#13
Joy Tickle
The production of wound exudate is a natural and normal consequence of healing. However, when the constituents, volume and consistency of the exudate alter, problems can occur. This article discusses the different types of exudate and its impact on both the patient and the clinician and outlines appropriate exudate assessment and effective management and dressing selection. If these are performed appropriately, this can improve quality of life for the patient and save time and money for healthcare providers...
November 8, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094780/the-effect-of-psychological-interventions-on-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
L Calver, A Tickle, N Moghaddam, S Biswas
This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of psychological interventions in improving quality of life for head and neck cancer patients. Five databases were systematically searched in July 2016. Studies were included if they reported original empirical data from intervention studies utilising psychological approaches (excluding psychoeducational-only interventions) and provided data on quality of life outcomes. Six studies, involving 185 participants, fulfilled eligibility criteria...
January 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083027/a-longitudinal-study-of-the-relationship-between-dental-caries-and-obesity-in-late-childhood-and-adolescence
#15
Emma Patricia Hall-Scullin, Hilary Whitehead, Helen Rushton, Keith Milsom, Martin Tickle
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether caries experience in late childhood (aged 7-9 years) was predictive of adolescent obesity (ages 12-16 years) to inform the use of a common risk factor approach (CRFA) for prevention. METHODS: A cohort study was conducted in an area of North West England. Clinical assessment of caries took place using the same methodology at ages 7-9 years and 12-16 years. Body mass index (BMI) category was calculated from height and weight measurements using age and gender specific cut-offs at 12-16 years only...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034599/process-and-impact-of-dialectical-behaviour-therapy-a-systematic-review-of-perceptions-of-clients-with-a-diagnosis-of-borderline-personality-disorder
#16
REVIEW
Hannah Little, Anna Tickle, Roshan das Nair
PURPOSE: To identify, appraise, and synthesize findings from qualitative studies of individuals diagnosed with borderline personality disorder who have experienced dialectical behaviour therapy, to gain further understanding of their perceptions of the process and impact of therapy. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive systematic search of the literature from several online databases, and appraised them using an adapted version of the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme tool...
October 16, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988193/using-the-esexual-health-clinic-to-access-chlamydia-treatment-and-care-via-the-internet-a-qualitative-interview-study
#17
Catherine R H Aicken, Lorna J Sutcliffe, Jo Gibbs, Laura J Tickle, Kate Hone, Emma M Harding-Esch, Catherine H Mercer, Pam Sonnenberg, S Tariq Sadiq, Claudia S Estcourt, Maryam Shahmanesh
OBJECTIVE: We developed the eSexual Health Clinic (eSHC), an innovative, complex clinical and public health intervention, embedded within a specialist sexual health service. Patients with genital chlamydia access their results online and are offered medical management via an automated online clinical consultation, leading to antibiotic collection from community pharmacy. A telephone helpline, staffed by Sexual Health Advisers, is available to support patients and direct them to conventional services if appropriate...
October 7, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934614/development-of-mother-infant-interaction-in-tickling-play-the-relationship-between-infants-ticklishness-and-social-behaviors
#18
Konomi Ishijima, Koichi Negayama
This study examined the development of mother-infant tickling interaction and the relationship between infants' ticklishness and social behaviors including infants' looking at mothers' face, mothers' narrative tickling, and mothers' laughter. Twenty-two Japanese infants aged 5 months (n=10, five girls) and 7 months (n=12, four girls) and their mothers were videotaped. Results revealed that the mothers' narrative tickling was more frequent at 7 than at 5 months and the infants' strong ticklishness showed the same tendency...
November 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927396/socioeconomic-disparities-in-orthodontic-treatment-outcomes-and-expenditure-on-orthodontics-in-england-s-state-funded-national-health-service-a-retrospective-observational-study
#19
Juliet Price, William Whittaker, Stephen Birch, Paul Brocklehurst, Martin Tickle
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess whether there are potential areas for efficiency improvements in the National Health Service (NHS) orthodontic service in North West England and to assess the socioeconomic status (SES)-related equity of the outcomes achieved by the NHS. METHODS: The study involved a retrospective analysis of 2008-2012 administrative data, and the study population comprised patients aged ≥10 who started NHS primary care orthodontic treatment in North West England in 2008...
September 19, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902842/the-neuropeptide-nmu-amplifies-ilc2-driven-allergic-lung-inflammation
#20
Antonia Wallrapp, Samantha J Riesenfeld, Patrick R Burkett, Raja-Elie E Abdulnour, Jackson Nyman, Danielle Dionne, Matan Hofree, Michael S Cuoco, Christopher Rodman, Daneyal Farouq, Brian J Haas, Timothy L Tickle, John J Trombetta, Pankaj Baral, Christoph S N Klose, Tanel Mahlakõiv, David Artis, Orit Rozenblatt-Rosen, Isaac M Chiu, Bruce D Levy, Monika S Kowalczyk, Aviv Regev, Vijay K Kuchroo
Type 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) both contribute to mucosal homeostasis and initiate pathologic inflammation in allergic asthma. However, the signals that direct ILC2s to promote homeostasis versus inflammation are unclear. To identify such molecular cues, we profiled mouse lung-resident ILCs using single-cell RNA sequencing at steady state and after in vivo stimulation with the alarmin cytokines IL-25 and IL-33. ILC2s were transcriptionally heterogeneous after activation, with subpopulations distinguished by expression of proliferative, homeostatic and effector genes...
September 21, 2017: Nature
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