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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624180/effect-of-implementation-of-a-smoke-free-policy-on-physical-violence-in-a-psychiatric-inpatient-setting-an-interrupted-time-series-analysis
#1
Debbie Robson, Gilda Spaducci, Ann McNeill, Duncan Stewart, Tom J K Craig, Mary Yates, Lisa Szatkowski
BACKGROUND: Smoke-free policies are important to protect health and reduce health inequalities. A major barrier to policy implementation in psychiatric hospitals is staff concern that physical violence will increase. We aimed to assess the effect of implementing a comprehensive smoke-free policy on rates of physical assaults in a large UK mental health organisation. METHODS: We did an interrupted time series analysis of incident reports of physical assault 30 months before and 12 months after the implementation of the policy in the inpatient wards of South London and Maudsley National Health Service Foundation Trust, London, UK...
June 14, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607825/cranioplasty-indications-procedures-and-outcome-an-institutional-experience
#2
Syed M Andrabi, Arif H Sarmast, Altaf R Kirmani, Abdul R Bhat
BACKGROUND: Cranioplasty, the repair of a skull vault defect by insertion of an object (bone or nonbiological materials such as metal or plastic plates), is a well-known procedure in modern neurosurgery. Brain protection and cosmetic aspects are the major indications of cranioplasty. A retroprospective study was conducted for evaluating the indications, materials used, complications, and outcome of cranioplasty. METHODS: This study was prospective from August 2013 to September 2015 and retrospective from August 2010 to July 2013...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598450/lower-genital-tract-trauma-in-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-mid-western-nepal
#3
A K Adhikari, M Dutta, C R Das
INTRODUCTION: The study of lower genital tract trauma has become important in gynaecological practice. There is paucity of reports on this clinical entity from our settings. The main aim of this study is to document injuries in female lower genital tract in Mid-Western Nepal. METHODS: Sixty female patients admitted to the hospital with genital tract injuries caused by coitus or accidents were included in the study. Details of the causes of trauma clinical presentations and management were recorded...
January 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574238/an-administrative-right-to-be-free-from-sexual-violence-title-ix-enforcement-in-historical-and-institutional-perspective
#4
Karen M Tani
One of the most controversial administrative actions in recent years is the U.S. Department of Education's campaign against sexual assault on college campuses. Using its authority under Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (mandating nondiscrimination on the basis of sex in all educational programs and activities receiving federal funds), the Department's Office for Civil Rights (OCR) has launched an enforcement effort that critics denounce as aggressive, manipulative, and corrosive of individual liberties...
2017: Duke Law Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538460/transforming-care-for-victims-of-violence
#5
Anne C Boatright
In this month's Magnet® Perspectives column, Anne Boatright, MSN, RN, SANE, describes her efforts to develop a comprehensive forensic nursing program at Methodist Hospital in Omaha. Ms Boatright transformed a sexual assault nurse examiner (SANE) program into one that provides 24/7 coverage at Methodist's 2 SANE locations and cares not only for victims of sexual assault but also for the victims domestic violence, sex trafficking, strangulation, elder abuse, and neglect. Her work extends beyond the walls of Methodist to the community, where she serves as a core member of the Nebraska Human Trafficking Task Force...
June 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493746/sexual-objectification-the-common-thread-connecting-myriad-forms-of-sexual-violence-against-women
#6
Sarah J Gervais, Sarah Eagan
In this article, the authors focus on the linkages between objectification and current societal manifestations of sexual violence toward women to make the case that everyday instances of objectification can provide the foundation for more extreme forms of violence. First, they formally introduce the notion of objectification and explain its origins and its consequences in those who perpetrate and those who experience it. Next, they use objectification as a lens through which to consider several related, but distinct, societal problems, including: sexual assault of college women, harassment of women in work settings, and sex trafficking of women in the United States and around the world...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482741/sexual-assault-in-the-ivory-tower-public-opinion-on-university-accountability-and-mandatory-reporting
#7
Christina Mancini, Justin T Pickett, Corey Call, Robyn Diehl McDougle, Sarah Jane Brubaker, Henry H Brownstein
Highly publicized college sex crimes have recently captured public and policy attention. In response, greater discussion has turned to institutional accountability and controversial reforms such as mandatory reporting (MR). No study to date has measured public perceptions of campus sex assault procedures, however. This omission is notable because public opinion can directly and indirectly shape crime policy and because the topic has become increasingly politicized. Drawing on a 2015 poll of Virginia residents, this study evaluates views about campus sexual assault policy...
May 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444056/care-for-young-victims-of-assault-in-public-emergency-services-in-2011-sex-differences
#8
Alice Cristina Medeiros Melo, Leila Posenato Garcia
This article aims to describe the characteristics of assaults among youth victims of violence treated in Public Emergency Departments, according to sex. This is a descriptive study using data from the Brazilian Violence and Accidents Surveillance System based on a multicenter survey conducted by the Ministry of Health in 71 public emergency departments, located in 24 state capitals and the Federal District in 2011. Male subjects predominated among the victims (75.1%) and also among aggressors (83.1% and 69...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441975/seek-test-treat-substance-using-women-in-the-hiv-treatment-cascade-in-south-africa
#9
Wendee M Wechsberg, Charles van der Horst, Jacqueline Ndirangu, Irene A Doherty, Tracy Kline, Felicia A Browne, Jennifer M Belus, Robin Nance, William A Zule
BACKGROUND: Women in South Africa who use alcohol and other drugs face multiple barriers to HIV care. These barriers make it difficult for women to progress through each step in the HIV treatment cascade from diagnosis to treatment initiation and adherence. This paper examines correlates of HIV status, newly diagnosed HIV status, and use of antiretroviral therapy (ART). METHODS: Outreach workers recruited sexually active Black African women who used substances in Pretoria as part of a U...
April 26, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428737/reducing-sexual-risk-behaviors-secondary-analyses-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-brief-web-based-alcohol-intervention-for-underage-heavy-episodic-drinking-college-women
#10
Kaitlin E Bountress, Isha W Metzger, Jessica L Maples-Keller, Amanda K Gilmore
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use and sexual risk behaviors (SRBs) are significant problems on college campuses. College women are at particularly high risk for negative consequences associated with sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and unwanted pregnancy. METHODS: The current study (n = 160) examined the effect of a brief, web-based alcohol intervention (n = 53) for college women on reducing SRBs compared to an assessment only control (n = 107) with a randomized controlled trial...
2017: Addiction Research & Theory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427727/implementation-of-human-trafficking-education-and-treatment-algorithm-in-the-emergency-department
#11
Amber Egyud, Kimberly Stephens, Brenda Swanson-Bierman, Marge DiCuccio, Kimberly Whiteman
PROBLEM: Health care professionals have not been successful in recognizing or rescuing victims of human trafficking. The purpose of this project was to implement a screening system and treatment algorithm in the emergency department to improve the identification and rescue of victims of human trafficking. The lack of recognition by health care professionals is related to inadequate education and training tools and confusion with other forms of violence such as trauma and sexual assault...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411424/drug-use-among-transgender-people-in-ontario-canada-disparities-and-associations-with-social-exclusion
#12
Ayden I Scheim, Greta R Bauer, Mostafa Shokoohi
INTRODUCTION: We identified the prevalence and correlates of past-year illicit drug use among transgender people in Ontario, Canada, and disparities with the age-standardized non-transgender population. METHODS: Data on transgender persons aged 16+ (n=406) were obtained from Trans PULSE, a respondent-driven sampling (RDS) survey (2009-2010). Overall and sex-specific estimates of past-year drug use (cocaine and amphetamines, based on data availability) in the reference population were obtained from Ontario residents aged 16+ (n=39, 980) in the Canadian Community Health Survey (2009-2010), and standardized to the overall and gender-specific transgender age distributions...
March 31, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410860/comprehensive-screening-for-suicide-risk-in-primary-care
#13
Guy S Diamond, Joanna L Herres, E Stephanie Krauthamer Ewing, Tita O Atte, Syreeta W Scott, Matt B Wintersteen, Robert J Gallop
INTRODUCTION: Suicide is a major public health problem and a complex clinical challenge. Assessment and early identification could be enhanced with screening tools that look beyond depression. The purpose of this study was to identify profiles of risk behaviors and social stress associated with suicidal ideation and behavior using the Behavioral Health Screen. METHODS: The study used screening data from 2,513 primary care patients (aged 14-24 years). Data were collected between 2008 and 2012, and were analyzed in 2016...
April 11, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379107/gender-and-sex-trading-among-active-methamphetamine-users-in-cape-town-south-africa
#14
Ryan R Lion, Melissa H Watt, Wendee M Wechsberg, Christina S Meade
BACKGROUND: South Africa has experienced a tremendous rise in methamphetamine use since the year 2000. Sex trading is a global phenomenon that has been observed in active drug users and has been associated with risks for HIV infection and violence. OBJECTIVES: This paper describes and examines the correlates of sex trading among active methamphetamine users in Cape Town, South Africa. METHODS: Through peer referral, 360 (201 male; 159 female) active methamphetamine users were recruited in a peri-urban township...
May 12, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330802/orofacial-trauma-in-rural-india-a-clinical-study
#15
Sunita Malik, Gurdarshan Singh, Gagandeep Kaur, Sunil Yadav, Hitesh C Mittal
PURPOSE: Orofacial trauma is becoming a leading medical problem worldwide. Most of the studies pertaining to orofacial trauma have been done in urban areas but very little scientific literature is available for rural areas. METHODS: A prospective medical institute-based study of orofacial injury patients was carried out from May 2013 to April 2016 (36 Months). Data regarding incidence, age and sex distribution, causes, types and site of injury, treatment modalities and trauma associated complications were collected and analysed...
February 24, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316396/sexual-alteration-in-antioxidant-response-and-esterase-profile-in-hyalomma-anatolicum-anatolicum-acari-ixodidae-ticks
#16
Mayukh Ghosh, Nirmal Sangwan, Arun K Sangwan, Rajesh Kumar, Ruchi Singh Gaur
The objective of the study was to reveal physiological link between sex specific engorgement pattern and evading mechanism of ticks against oxidative stress as well as acaricides. Quantitative determination of nitric oxide radical scavenging, superoxide dismutase activity and reduced glutathione (GSH) concentrations in salivary gland and gut extracts of male and female Hyalomma anatolicum anatolicum (Acari: Ixodidae) ticks established significant variation in antioxidant responses between two sexes of the ticks...
March 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315050/forensic-use-of-y-chromosome-dna-a-general-overview
#17
REVIEW
Manfred Kayser
The male-specific part of the human Y chromosome is widely used in forensic DNA analysis, particularly in cases where standard autosomal DNA profiling is not informative. A Y-chromosomal gene fragment is applied for inferring the biological sex of a crime scene trace donor. Haplotypes composed of Y-chromosomal short tandem repeat polymorphisms (Y-STRs) are used to characterise paternal lineages of unknown male trace donors, especially suitable when males and females have contributed to the same trace, such as in sexual assault cases...
May 2017: Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301451/traumatic-brain-injury-related-emergency-department-visits-hospitalizations-and-deaths-united-states-2007-and-2013
#18
Christopher A Taylor, Jeneita M Bell, Matthew J Breiding, Likang Xu
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has short- and long-term adverse clinical outcomes, including death and disability. TBI can be caused by a number of principal mechanisms, including motor-vehicle crashes, falls, and assaults. This report describes the estimated incidence of TBI-related emergency department (ED) visits, hospitalizations, and deaths during 2013 and makes comparisons to similar estimates from 2007. REPORTING PERIOD: 2007 and 2013. DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM: State-based administrative health care data were used to calculate estimates of TBI-related ED visits and hospitalizations by principal mechanism of injury, age group, sex, and injury intent...
March 17, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290218/the-association-between-adolescent-risk-behaviours-and-feelings-of-sadness-or-hopelessness-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-south-african-secondary-school-learners
#19
Shamagonam James, Sasiragha Priscilla Reddy, Afzal Ellahebokus, Ronel Sewpaul, Pamela Naidoo
Poor mental health in adolescents has shown associations with engagement in other risk behaviours. However, evidence of this association in Sub-Saharan Africa, particularly South Africa, is lacking. This study examines the associations between pertinent risk behaviours and feelings of sadness or hopelessness amongst a nationally representative sample of South African school going adolescents. Data was analysed from the South African Youth Risk Behaviour Survey 2011 (n=10,997), a cross-sectional national survey among grades 8-11 school learners...
March 14, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278060/sodomy-s-penumbra
#20
Joseph J Fischel
This article advocates a sodomitical approach to sodomy. Its approach is framed alongside and against three historical glosses on sodomy law: first, that sodomy law instantiates homophobia; second, that sodomy law targets sexual violence against boys; third, that sodomy law reaches assaultive sex against women that did not register as assaultive enough to qualify as "rape" by sexist juries. The first story of sodomy law is mostly wrong. The other two glosses pivot on protection: protection of boys or protection of girls and women...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
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