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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137977/firearms-alcohol-and-crime-convictions-for-driving-under-the-influence-dui-and-other-alcohol-related-crimes-and-risk-for-future-criminal-activity-among-authorised-purchasers-of-handguns
#1
Garen J Wintemute, Mona A Wright, Alvaro Castillo-Carniglia, Aaron Shev, Magdalena Cerdá
Firearm violence frequently involves alcohol, but there are no studies of misuse of alcohol and risk for future violence among firearm owners. We examined the association between prior convictions for alcohol-related crimes, chiefly driving under the influence (DUI), and risk of subsequent arrest among 4066 individuals who purchased handguns in California in 1977. During follow-up through 1991, 32.8% of those with prior alcohol-related convictions and 5.7% of those with no prior criminal history were arrested for a violent or firearm-related crime; 15...
January 30, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072668/genital-and-extragenital-gonorrhea-and-chlamydia-in-children-and-adolescents-evaluated-for-sexual-abuse
#2
Nancy D Kellogg, John D Melville, James L Lukefahr, Shalon M Nienow, Edward L Russell
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the use of a nucleic acid amplification test in detecting genital and extragenital Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) and Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) in children and adolescents assessed for sexual abuse/assault. METHODS: The charts of children aged 0 to 17 years, consecutively evaluated for sexual victimization, in emergency department and outpatient settings were reviewed. Data extracted included age, sex, type of sexual contact, anogenital findings, previous sexual contact, toxicology results, and sites tested for NG and CT...
January 9, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055070/modeling-contagion-through-social-networks-to-explain-and-predict-gunshot-violence-in-chicago-2006-to-2014
#3
Ben Green, Thibaut Horel, Andrew V Papachristos
Importance: Every day in the United States, more than 200 people are murdered or assaulted with a firearm. Little research has considered the role of interpersonal ties in the pathways through which gun violence spreads. Objective: To evaluate the extent to which the people who will become subjects of gun violence can be predicted by modeling gun violence as an epidemic that is transmitted between individuals through social interactions. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study was an epidemiological analysis of a social network of individuals who were arrested during an 8-year period in Chicago, Illinois, with connections between people who were arrested together for the same offense...
January 3, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052765/sexual-abuse-and-risky-sexual-behaviors-among-young-female-hawkers-in-burkina-faso-a-mixed-method-study
#4
Saide Yacine Y A Ouédraogo, Ebrima J Sisawo, Song-Lih Huang
BACKGROUND: Young street hawkers in Burkina Faso are increasingly exposed to workplace hazards such as physical and sexual abuse, and also unsafe sexual practices. The objectives of this study were to identify the socio-demographic status and work characteristics of young female hawkers, describe their sexual behavior and their experience with regards to sex-related violence at the workplace. METHODS: The study used a mixed design combining qualitative and quantitative methods...
January 4, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981670/understanding-the-alcohol-harm-paradox-an-analysis-of-sex-and-condition-specific-hospital-admissions-by-socioeconomic-group-for-alcohol-associated-conditions-in-england
#5
Susannah Sadler, Colin Angus, Lucy Gavens, Duncan Gillespie, John Holmes, Jean Hamilton, Alan Brennan, Petra Meier
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In many countries conflicting gradients in alcohol consumption and alcohol-associated mortality have been observed. To understand this 'alcohol harm paradox' we analysed the socioeconomic gradient in alcohol-associated hospital admissions to test whether it was greater in conditions which were : (1) chronic (associated with long-term drinking) and partially alcohol-attributable, (2) chronic and wholly alcohol-attributable, (3) acute (associated with intoxication) and partially alcohol-attributable, (4) acute and wholly-alcohol attributable...
December 15, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936969/the-impact-of-stroke-on-female-sexuality
#6
Sandra Lever, Julie Pryor
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of stroke on female sexuality from the perspective of women who have had a stroke. METHOD: A descriptive qualitative study. Nine female stroke survivors living in metropolitan and surrounding districts of Sydney, Australia took part in semi-structured conversational interviews. The mean length of time from stroke onset to interview was around 6 years and 2 months (range 1 year, 2 months to 15 years, 9 months)...
December 9, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936357/does-alcohol-contribute-to-college-men-s-sexual-assault-perpetration-between-and-within-person-effects-over-five-semesters
#7
Maria Testa, Michael J Cleveland
OBJECTIVE: The current longitudinal study was designed to consider the time-varying effects of men's heavy episodic drinking (HED) and drinking setting attendance on college sexual assault perpetration. METHOD: Freshman men (N = 992) were recruited in their first semester and completed online measures at the end of their first five semesters. Using multilevel models, we examined whether men with higher frequency HED (or party or bar attendance) were more likely to perpetrate sexual assault (between-person, Level 2 effect) and whether sexual assault perpetration was more likely in semesters in which HED (or party or bar attendance) was higher than each individual's average (within-person, Level 1 effect)...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923371/type-of-sexual-intercourse-experience-and-suicidal-ideation-plans-and-attempts-among-youths-a-cross-sectional-study-in-south-korea
#8
Geum Hee Kim, Hyeong Sik Ahn, Hyun Jung Kim
BACKGROUND: Despite abundant theoretical evidence of higher rates of suicide among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youths, little is known about the relationship between suicide and types of sexual intercourse experience in youths. This study examines the association between the type of intercourse experience and suicide risk outcomes (SROs: suicidal ideation, plans for suicide, suicidal attempts) from the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data from 146,621 students aged 12-17 years for the years 2012 and 2013...
December 7, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920357/use-of-a-bogus-pipeline-to-detect-men-s-underreporting-of-sexually-aggressive-behavior
#9
Emily Strang, Zoë D Peterson
Researchers rely on men's self-reports of sexually aggressive behavior to identify the prevalence and correlates of men's perpetration (i.e., their use of verbal or physical coercion to obtain sex from a nonconsenting partner). However, results from research based on men's self-reported sexual perpetration are suspect because men may intentionally conceal their sexually aggressive behavior. The current study used a Bogus Pipeline (BPL) methodology to determine whether young, community men (N = 93) intentionally underreport their use of sexually aggressive strategies on two self-report measures of perpetration...
December 4, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891354/emerging-trends-of-intentional-firearm-injuries-in-northern-india-a-study
#10
Iram Khan, Mohammad Shakeel, Jawed Ahmad Usmani, Syed Abrar Hasan
INTRODUCTION: Many developing countries are facing rise in firearm injury cases owing to communal and ethnic clashes, political violence, armed robberies and suicide causing huge economic loss to society. On the basis of intention, injuries can be categorized as intentional and unintentional or accidental injuries. Intentional injuries will include suicidal, homicidal and assault related injuries. AIM: This study was undertaken to document the trends and patterns associated with intentional firearm injuries in order to suggest ways to curb the emerging trends...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890344/community-level-moderators-of-a-school-based-childhood-sexual-assault-prevention-program
#11
Matthew C Morris, Chrystyna D Kouros, Kim Janecek, Rachel Freeman, Alyssa Mielock, Judy Garber
Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is highly prevalent and associated with a wide variety of negative mental and physical health outcomes. School-based CSA education and prevention programs have shown promise, but it is unclear to what extent community-level characteristics are related to their effectiveness. The present cluster randomized controlled trial evaluated community-level moderators of the Safe@Lastprogramcomparedtoawaitlistcontrolcondition.(*) Knowledge gains from pre- to post-intervention were assessed in 5 domains: safe versus unsafe people; safe choices; problem-solving; clear disclosure; and assertiveness...
January 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863981/physicians-perceived-roles-as-well-as-barriers-toward-caring-for-women-sex-assault-survivors
#12
Priyanka Amin, Raquel Buranosky, Judy C Chang
BACKGROUND: Sexual assault (SA) affects about 40% of women in the United States and has many mental and physical health sequelae. Physicians often do not address SA with patients, although SA survivors describe a desire to talk to physicians to obtain additional help. Little information exists on how providers perceive their roles regarding caring for women SA survivors and what barriers they face in providing this care. METHODS: We performed a qualitative study using semistructured one-on-one interviews with 16 faculty physicians from five specialties: obstetrics and gynecology (n = 4), internal medicine (n = 4), family medicine (n = 1), emergency medicine (n = 3), and psychiatry (n = 4)...
January 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830344/association-between-enacted-stigma-and-hiv-related-risk-behavior-among-msm-national-hiv-behavioral-surveillance-system-2011
#13
Alexandra B Balaji, Kristina E Bowles, Kristen L Hess, Justin C Smith, Gabriela Paz-Bailey
MSM bear a disproportionate burden of the HIV epidemic. Enacted stigma (overt negative actions) against sexual minorities may play an important role in increasing HIV risk among this population. Using data from the 2011 National HIV Behavioral Surveillance system, MSM cycle, we examined the independent associations between three measures of enacted stigma (verbal harassment, discrimination, physical assault) and engagement in each of four HIV-related risk behaviors as outcomes: condomless anal intercourse (CAI) at last sex with a male partner of HIV discordant or unknown status and, in the past 12 months, CAI with a male partner, ≥4 male sex partners, and exchange sex...
November 9, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826133/safe-sex-messages-within-dating-and-entertainment-smartphone-apps-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Evelyn Tzu-Yen Huang, Henrietta Williams, Jane S Hocking, Megan Sc Lim
BACKGROUND: Smartphone apps provide a new platform for entertainment, information distribution, and health promotion activities, as well as for dating and casual sexual encounters. Previous research has shown high acceptability of sexual health interventions via smartphone apps; however, sexual health promotion apps were infrequently downloaded and underused. Integrating sexual health promotion into established apps might be a more effective method. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to critically review popular sex-related apps and dating apps, in order to ascertain whether they contain any sexual health content...
November 8, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807206/an-empirical-examination-of-the-victim-search-methods-utilized-by-serial-stranger-sexual-offenders-a-classification-approach
#15
Ashley N Hewitt, Eric Beauregard, Garth Davies
Past research on the spatial mobility of serial offenders has generally found that these individuals make calculated decisions about the ways in which they come into contact with suitable victims. Within the geographic profiling literature, four victim-search methods have been theorized that describe how serial predatory offenders hunt for their victims: hunter, poacher, troller, and trapper Using latent class analysis, the aim of this study is to test whether this theoretical typology can be empirically derived using data that were collected from both police files and semi-structured interviews with 72 serial sex offenders who committed 361 stranger sexual assaults...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807204/the-relationship-between-non-consensual-sex-and-risk-of-depression-in-female-undergraduates-at-universities-in-maritime-canada
#16
Erin E McDougall, Donald B Langille, Audrey A Steenbeek, Mark Asbridge, Pantelis Andreou
Sexual victimization and depression are common on university campuses, especially among females. Both are associated with negative health outcomes and efforts are made to minimize these as much as possible on university campuses. The current study examines the prevalence of, and independent association between, non-consensual sex and current risk of depression after controlling for related factors. The primary study question is as follows: Are female undergraduate students who have been sexually victimized while attending university at an increased risk of depression compared with those who have not been victimized? Cross-sectional data collected online from female students below the age of 30 at eight universities in Maritime Canada were analyzed...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763837/homicide-mortality-rates-in-canada-2000-2009-youth-at-increased-risk
#17
C Andrew Basham, Carolyn Snider
OBJECTIVES: To estimate and compare Canadian homicide mortality rates (HMRs) and trends in HMRs across age groups, with a focus on trends for youth. METHODS: Data for the period of 2000 to 2009 were collected from Statistics Canada's CANSIM (Canadian Statistical Information Management) Table 102-0540 with the following ICD-10-CA coded external causes of death: X85 to Y09 (assault) and Y87.1 (sequelae of assault). Annual population counts from 2000 to 2009 were obtained from Statistics Canada's CANSIM Table 051-0001...
October 20, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747743/utility-of-a-near-real-time-emergency-department-syndromic-surveillance-system-to-track-injuries-in-new-york-city
#18
Kacie Seil, Jennifer Marcum, Ramona Lall, Catherine Stayton
BACKGROUND: The New York City emergency department (ED) syndromic surveillance (SS) system provides near real-time data on the majority of ED visits. The utility of ED SS for injury surveillance has not been thoroughly evaluated. We created injury syndromes based on ED chief complaint information and evaluated their utility compared to administrative billing data. METHODS: Six injury syndromes were developed: traffic-related injuries to pedal cyclists, pedestrians, and motor vehicle occupants; fall-related injuries; firearm-related injuries; and assault-related stabbings...
December 2015: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742157/sentinel-events-preceding-youth-firearm-violence-an-investigation-of-administrative-data-in-delaware
#19
Steven A Sumner, Matthew J Maenner, Christina M Socias, James A Mercy, Paul Silverman, Sandra P Medinilla, Steven S Martin, Likang Xu, Susan D Hillis
INTRODUCTION: Accurately identifying youth at highest risk of firearm violence involvement could permit delivery of focused, comprehensive prevention services. This study explored whether readily available city and state administrative data covering life events before youth firearm violence could elucidate patterns preceding such violence. METHODS: Four hundred twenty-one individuals arrested for homicide, attempted homicide, aggravated assault, or robbery with a firearm committed in Wilmington, Delaware, from January 1, 2009 to May 21, 2014, were matched 1:3 to 1,259 Wilmington resident controls on birth year and sex...
September 8, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737838/child-sexual-assault-reported-to-an-acute-sexual-assault-referral-centre-in-london
#20
Louise Morgan, Sophie Khadr, Susan Bewley
OBJECTIVE: To describe demographic and assault-related characteristics of children attending an acute sexual assault referral centre in London within a week of alleged sexual assault. DESIGN: Retrospective case note review of all children aged 12 years and under who reported between 1 January 2008 and 31 December 2013. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Age, sex, ethnicity, drugs and alcohol around the time of assault, nature of offence, relationship with perpetrator, additional violence, verbal threats, presence of injury...
February 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
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