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Sex assault

Radoslaw Panczak, Viktor von Wyl, Oliver Reich, Xhyljeta Luta, Maud Maessen, Andreas E Stuck, Claudia Berlin, Kurt Schmidlin, David C Goodman, Matthias Egger, Kerri Clough-Gorr, Marcel Zwahlen
BACKGROUND: Lack of health insurance claims (HIC) in the last year of life might indicate suboptimal end-of-life care, but reasons for no HIC are not fully understood because information on causes of death is often missing. We investigated association of no HIC with characteristics of individuals and their place of residence. METHODS: We analysed HIC of persons who died between 2008 and 2010, which were obtained from six providers of mandatory Swiss health insurance...
March 14, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Kevin McGarry, Duncan Redmill, Mark Edwards, Aoife Byrne, Aaron Brady, Mark Taylor
Northern Ireland (NI) has been in a post-conflict state for over twenty years. However, injuries sustained during paramilitary Punishment Attacks (PA) remain a common hospital presentation. The aim of this study was to compare the current province-wide frequency and cost with data collected from the same unit in 1994, the end of the so called, "Troubles". A ten month retrospective emergency chart analysis from all assault and gunshot wound (GSW) attendances to the Emergency Department, Royal Victoria Hospital Belfast (RVH) in 2012 was carried out...
May 2017: Ulster Medical Journal
Islam Amine Larabi, Marie Martin, Isabelle Etting, Pauline Penot, Nicolas Fabresse, Jean Claude Alvarez
Recently, the emergence of new psychoactive substances (NPS) has led to their wide use among clubbers and men who have sex with men (MSM) for their stimulant effects. However, their use in drug facilitated sexual assault (DFSA) has rarely been described. Herein we report a case of a 44 years-old man who was assaulted after a party. Due to late reporting of the offense, only hair (black) was sampled 15 days later and a segmental analysis was achieved to look for most DFSA agents and NPS. Twenty mg of each segment (A:0-1cm, B:1-3cm and C:3-5cm) were incubated in phosphate buffer pH 5...
March 10, 2018: Drug Testing and Analysis
Patricia M Spittal, Samuel S Malamba, Martin D Ogwang, Seggane Musisi, J Paul Ekwaru, Nelson K Sewankambo, Margo E Pearce, Kate Jongbloed, Sheetal H Patel, Achilles Katamba, Alden H Blair, Herbert Muyinda, Martin T Schechter Obc
BACKGROUND: As previously encamped resettle, potential for rapid HIV transmission in post-conflict Northern Uganda is concerning. Women in particular may be experiencing heightened vulnerability resulting from war-related sexual violence. SETTING: Cango Lyec (Healing the Elephant) Project is a cohort involving conflict-affected people in three districts in Northern Uganda. METHODS: Eight randomly selected communities were mapped and a census was conducted...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
Jenna Rice, Raymond A Knight
Although adults who have sexually offended against both child and adult victims (i.e., adults with mixed aged sexual offense victims [MASOVs]) have been found at increased risk to reoffend, they have been a neglected and rarely studied group of individuals who have sexually offended. The present study explored their differentiating characteristics by comparing them with adults who had sexually offended exclusively against children (child sex offense victims [CSOVs]) or adults (adult sex offense victims [ASOVs])...
March 1, 2018: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
Mike C Parent, Kevin P Ferriter
An increasing number of individuals identify as asexual. It is important to understand the relationship between a diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder or a history of sexual trauma co-occurs with asexual identity. We aimed to assess whether identification as asexual was associated with greater likelihood for self-reported PTSD diagnosis and history of sexual trauma within the past 12 months. Secondary data analysis was undertaken of a cross-sectional survey of 33,385 U.S. college students (12,148 male, 21,237 female), including 228 self-identified asexual individuals (31 male, 197 female), who completed the 2015-2016 Healthy Minds Study...
February 20, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Adrienne O'Neil, Anna J Scovelle, Allison J Milner, Anne Kavanagh
The social gradient for cardiovascular disease (CVD) onset and outcomes is well established. The American Heart Association's Social Determinants of Risk and Outcomes of Cardiovascular Disease Scientific Statement advocates looking beyond breakthroughs in biological science toward a social determinants approach that focuses on socioeconomic position, race and ethnicity, social support, culture and access to medical care, and residential environments to curb the burden of CVD going forward. Indeed, the benefits of this approach are likely to be far reaching, enhancing the positive effects of advances in CVD related to prevention and treatment while reducing health inequities that contribute to CVD onset and outcomes...
February 20, 2018: Circulation
Louise Morgan, Lisa Long
A gender specific approach to understanding female sex offenders is important for developing prevention and treatment strategies, yet research to date is limited. While it is recognised that females often offend with another person, there has been little attempt to look beyond the two groupings of solo and co-offending and study females who offend in larger groups. Furthermore, very few studies have looked at the victims of these crimes and all of these have focussed on child victims only. The present work describes demographic and assault related characteristics of victims of all ages reporting a sexual assault by a female perpetrator to the Havens sexual assault referral centres in London, UK, in a five year period, with the aim of identifying victim, perpetrator and offence patterns in solo, pair and group sexual assaults...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Brian I O'Toole, Mark Dadds, Sue Outram, Stanley V Catts
Background: War service increases the risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) to combatants, and has been shown to increase the risk of PTSD in their offspring. The extent to which there is an excess compared with the general population is not yet established, nor whether PTSD increases the risk of other psychiatric problems. Methods: A national sample of 133 sons and 182 daughters of a cohort of 179 Australian Vietnam veterans' families were assessed in person, using structured psychiatric interviews...
February 7, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
Natalie Hellman, Bethany L Kuhn, Edward W Lannon, Michael F Payne, Cassandra A Sturycz, Shreela Palit, Joanna O Shadlow, Jamie L Rhudy
OBJECTIVE: Sexual assault (SA) is associated with an increased risk for chronic pain and affective distress. Given that emotional processes modulate pain (e.g., negative emotions enhance pain, positive emotions inhibit pain), increased pain risk in SA survivors could stem from a disruption of emotional modulation processes. METHODS: A well-validated affective picture-viewing paradigm was used to study emotional modulation of pain in 33 healthy, pain-free SA survivors and a control group of 33 healthy, pain-free individuals with no reported history of SA (matched on age, sex, race, and number of non-SA traumas)...
February 9, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
Corinne F David-Ferdon, Tadesse Haileyesus, Yang Liu, Thomas R Simon, Marcie-Jo Kresnow
In 2015, persons aged 10-24 years who were treated for nonfatal assault injuries in emergency departments (EDs) in the United States accounted for 32% of the approximately 1.5 million patients of all ages that EDs treated for nonfatal assault injuries (1). CDC analyzed data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System-All Injury Program (NEISS-AIP) to examine 2001-2015 trends in nonfatal assault injuries among youths treated in EDs, by sex and age group, and to assess current rates by sex, age group, mechanism of injury, and disposition (1)...
February 9, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Megan Krantz, Tina Goldstein, Brian Rooks, John Merranko, Fangzi Liao, Mary Kay Gill, Rasim Diler, Danella Hafeman, Neal Ryan, Benjamin Goldstein, Shirley Yen, Heather Hower, Jeffrey Hunt, Martin Keller, Michael Strober, David Axelson, Boris Birmaher
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to document rates of sexual activity among youth with bipolar spectrum disorder (BD) and to examine demographic and clinical factors associated with first sexual activity and sexual risk behavior during follow-up. METHOD: The sample was drawn from the Course and Outcome of Bipolar Youth (COBY) study of 413 youth 7 to 17 years at baseline who met criteria for bipolar spectrum disorder according to the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Aged Children...
February 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Tiffany Marcantonio, D J Angelone, Meredith Joppa
OBJECTIVE: Verbal coercion (VC) is a common sexual assault tactic whereby men and women can be victims or perpetrators. College study abroad students report engagement in casual sex, alcohol consumption, and immersion in a sexualized environment (e.g., an environment that supports or encourages sexual activity); factors highly associated with sexual assault in general. The purpose of this study was to examine casual sex, alcohol use, and sexualized environments with VC victimization (VCV) and perpetration (VCP) while abroad...
February 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Susan B Sorenson, Devan Spear
Age at first marriage has risen substantially and birth rates are at a record low; people are spending more time in relationships that, by comparison, have fewer emotional, financial, and legal commitments. Little research has examined intimate partner violence (IPV) prevalence in current and former adult (vs. adolescent) dating relationships. Such information is relevant to federal firearms policies that are based on the nature of an intimate relationship. We examined assaultive behaviors by the type and status of the relationship - current spouse, former spouse, current boyfriend or girlfriend, and former boyfriend or girlfriend - in 31,206 IPV incidents responded to by Philadelphia police in 2013...
February 2018: Preventive Medicine
Cinta Folch, Lev Zohrabyan, Natalia Vagaitseva, Jordi Casabona, Igor Toskin
BACKGROUND: The main objective of this study was to test some of the draft sexual health indicators developed by the World Health Organization as part of a comprehensive indicator framework to monitor progress in universal access to reproductive health. METHODS: Cross-sectional studies among people who inject drugs were conducted in Catalonia (n = 734) and Barnaul (n = 500). 'Sexual competency' was measured using three indicators: sexual satisfaction, sexual safety, and sexual autonomy...
January 29, 2018: BMC Public Health
Walter S DeKeseredy, Amanda Hall-Sanchez, James Nolan
Since the mid-1980s, researchers across the United States have uncovered high rates of sexual assault among female college students. However, to advance a better understanding of this gendered type of victimization, and to both prevent and control this problem, the research community needs to identify its major correlates. One that is consistently uncovered in North American campus survey work is negative peer support, especially that provided by male peers. Yet, some earlier studies have found that mixed-sex negative peer support, too, contributes to campus sexual assault...
September 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
María Ángeles García-Carpintero, Javier Rodríguez-Santero, Ana María Porcel-Gálvez
OBJECTIVE: To design and validate a specific instrument to detect exercised and suffered in the relations of young couples in violence. METHOD: Descriptive study of validation clinimetric. Stratified by sex and area of knowledge, which was adopted as inclusion criteria have or have had any relationship. The sample consisted of 447 subjects. RESULTS: We obtained the Multidimensional Scale Dating Violence (EMVN), 32 items with three dimensions: physical and sexual assault, behavior control (cyberbullying, surveillance and harassment) and abuse psicoemocional (disparagement and domination), as a victim or as aggressor...
January 2, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
Tiffany L Marcantonio, Kristen N Jozkowski, Wen-Juo Lo
Preventing sexual assault is a core goal for universities as prevalence rates of sexual assault remain high, particularly among college students. A key mechanism thought to decrease rates of sexual assault is teaching college students how to give clear, explicit, verbal refusals. However, there is a paucity of research regarding how college students refuse sex. Thus, the purpose of this study was to understand different behavioral strategies college students would use to refuse sex. A sample of 773 heterosexual college students (523 women, 250 men) were recruited from two large southern universities in the USA to complete a survey on sexual communication...
February 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Diandian Li, Lijun Zheng
In this study, we examined intimate partner violence (IPV), cold violence, and controlling behaviors in male same-sex relationships in China, with a focus on the characteristics of IPV and controlling behaviors, and their relationships with ambivalent sexism. IPV was categorized as psychological aggression, physical injury, physical assault, and sexual coercion and was measured using the revised Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS2), an eight-item scale measuring cold violence that was designed specifically for this study...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Victoria L Banyard, Jennifer M Demers, Ellen S Cohn, Katie M Edwards, Mary M Moynihan, Wendy A Walsh, Sally K Ward
Sexual assault, partner abuse, and stalking are major problems on college campuses. Past research has demonstrated a host of physiological and psychological outcomes associated with victimization; however, there has been little research conducted on the potential academic outcomes associated with victimization. The purpose of this study was to measure the relation between academic outcomes and experiences of sexual violence, intimate partner violence, and stalking victimization among college students. A sample of 6,482 undergraduate students currently enrolled at one of eight universities in New England was surveyed using items from the subscales of the College Persistence Questionnaire (Academic Efficacy, Collegiate Stress, Institutional Commitment, and Scholastic Conscientiousness)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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