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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332493/college-campus-sexual-assault-the-contribution-of-peers-proabuse-informational-support-and-attachments-to-abusive-peers
#1
Walter S DeKeseredy, Amanda Hall-Sanchez, James Nolan
Since the mid-1980s, researchers across the United States have uncovered high rates of sexual assault among female college students. However, to advance a better understanding of this gendered type of victimization, and to both prevent and control this problem, the research community needs to identify its major correlates. One that is consistently uncovered in North American campus survey work is negative peer support, especially that provided by male peers. Yet, some earlier studies have found that mixed-sex negative peer support, too, contributes to campus sexual assault...
September 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305016/-design-and-validation-of-the-scale-for-the-detection-of-violence-in-courtship-in-young-people-in-the-sevilla-university-spain
#2
María Ángeles García-Carpintero, Javier Rodríguez-Santero, Ana María Porcel-Gálvez
OBJECTIVE: To design and validate a specific instrument to detect exercised and suffered in the relations of young couples in violence. METHOD: Descriptive study of validation clinimetric. Stratified by sex and area of knowledge, which was adopted as inclusion criteria have or have had any relationship. The sample consisted of 447 subjects. RESULTS: We obtained the Multidimensional Scale Dating Violence (EMVN), 32 items with three dimensions: physical and sexual assault, behavior control (cyberbullying, surveillance and harassment) and abuse psicoemocional (disparagement and domination), as a victim or as aggressor...
January 2, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297109/beyond-just-saying-no-a-preliminary-evaluation-of-strategies-college-students-use-to-refuse-sexual-activity
#3
Tiffany L Marcantonio, Kristen N Jozkowski, Wen-Juo Lo
Preventing sexual assault is a core goal for universities as prevalence rates of sexual assault remain high, particularly among college students. A key mechanism thought to decrease rates of sexual assault is teaching college students how to give clear, explicit, verbal refusals. However, there is a paucity of research regarding how college students refuse sex. Thus, the purpose of this study was to understand different behavioral strategies college students would use to refuse sex. A sample of 773 heterosexual college students (523 women, 250 men) were recruited from two large southern universities in the USA to complete a survey on sexual communication...
January 2, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294885/intimate-partner-violence-and-controlling-behavior-among-male-same-sex-relationships-in-china-relationship-with-ambivalent-sexism
#4
Diandian Li, Lijun Zheng
In this study, we examined intimate partner violence (IPV), cold violence, and controlling behaviors in male same-sex relationships in China, with a focus on the characteristics of IPV and controlling behaviors, and their relationships with ambivalent sexism. IPV was categorized as psychological aggression, physical injury, physical assault, and sexual coercion and was measured using the revised Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS2), an eight-item scale measuring cold violence that was designed specifically for this study...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294800/academic-correlates-of-unwanted-sexual-contact-intercourse-stalking-and-intimate-partner-violence-an-understudied-but-important-consequence-for-college-students
#5
Victoria L Banyard, Jennifer M Demers, Ellen S Cohn, Katie M Edwards, Mary M Moynihan, Wendy A Walsh, Sally K Ward
Sexual assault, partner abuse, and stalking are major problems on college campuses. Past research has demonstrated a host of physiological and psychological outcomes associated with victimization; however, there has been little research conducted on the potential academic outcomes associated with victimization. The purpose of this study was to measure the relation between academic outcomes and experiences of sexual violence, intimate partner violence, and stalking victimization among college students. A sample of 6,482 undergraduate students currently enrolled at one of eight universities in New England was surveyed using items from the subscales of the College Persistence Questionnaire (Academic Efficacy, Collegiate Stress, Institutional Commitment, and Scholastic Conscientiousness)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294796/college-women-s-experiences-of-male-partner-contraceptive-interference-associations-with-intimate-partner-violence-and-contraceptive-outcomes
#6
Jennifer Katz, Melissa A Sutherland
Many young adult women experience interpersonal barriers to protecting their sexual health. The focus of the current study was on contraceptive interference (CI), defined as partner behaviors that prevent effective contraception use before or during sex. We investigated whether CI tends to co-occur with intimate partner violence (IPV) and whether past CI is negatively associated with women's contraceptive outcomes. We also investigated perceived reasons for partner CI. Data were collected from sexually active female undergraduates ( N = 146) who had ended a (hetero)sexual relationship lasting at least 1 month...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294771/injury-matters-on-female-perpetrated-sex-crimes
#7
Kristen M Budd, David M Bierie
Despite the importance of studying sexual assaults perpetrated by women, the field knows very little about female sexual offenders' (FSOs) use of violence or physical injury resulting from these assaults. This study draws more than 20 years of National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) data reported to police (1992-2014) to identify factors that distinguish between female perpetrated incidents of sexual assault that result in severe, minor, or no physical victim injuries above and beyond the sexual assault itself...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294724/how-men-s-sexual-assault-victimization-experiences-differ-based-on-their-sexual-history
#8
Rhiana Wegner, Kelly Cue Davis
This study examined the differences in men's sexual assault victimization experiences based on their history of only having sex with women (MSW) or having sex with women and men (MSW/M). Based on the previous research, we expected that MSW/M would be more likely to report a sexual assault history, experience a significantly greater number of sexual assault acts, experience more severe levels of unwanted sexual activity and tactics (i.e., physically forced attempted or completed rape), and report both male and female perpetrators, compared with MSW...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294695/factors-influencing-labeling-nonconsensual-sex-as-sexual-assault
#9
Monica C Yndo, Tina Zawacki
The current study examined the effects of physical attractiveness and sexual interest cues on men's sexual perceptions of women and whether increases in sexual perceptions of a woman would lead to decreases in labeling of subsequent nonconsensual sex as sexual assault. Two hundred thirty-three male college students ( Mage = 19.17, SD = 1.22) read a vignette describing a hypothetical social interaction between a man and a woman; within the vignette, the female character's physical attractiveness (attractive vs...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288177/why-don-t-key-populations-access-hiv-testing-and-counselling-centres-in-nepal-findings-based-on-national-surveillance-survey
#10
Rachana Shrestha, Sairu Philip, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Bir Rawal, Keshab Deuba
OBJECTIVES: To assess the demographic, behavioural, psychosocial and structural factors associated with non-utilisation of HIV testing and counselling (HTC) services by female sex workers (FSWs) and men who have sex with men/transgender (MSM/TG). METHODS: This study involved a cross-sectional design. We used the national surveillance survey data of 2012, which included 610 FSWs and 400 MSM/TG recruited randomly from 22 and three districts of Nepal, respectively...
December 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229660/rationale-and-design-of-geneius-a-prospective-observational-study-on-the-genetic-and-environmental-determinants-of-body-mass-index-evolution-in-canadian-undergraduate-students
#11
Rita E Morassut, Christine Langlois, Akram Alyass, Adeola F Ishola, Fereshteh T Yazdi, Alexandra J Mayhew, Hudson Reddon, James MacKillop, Marie Pigeyre, David Meyre
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a global epidemic and is a risk factor for developing other comorbidities. Young adulthood is a critical period for body weight change and establishing healthy lifestyle behaviours. The 'Freshman 15' suggests that undergraduate students gain 15 lbs (6.8 kg) during their first year of university, although evidence estimates a more modest weight gain of approximately 3-5 lbs (1.4-2.3 kg). Previous studies have only investigated weight change in the first year and do not study potential risk factors...
December 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216933/the-impact-of-victim-alcohol-consumption-and-perpetrator-use-of-force-on-perceptions-in-an-acquaintance-rape-vignette
#12
Amy L Brown, Jada Horton, Ariel Guillory
Research suggests that victims of incapacitated rape (when someone has sex with a person who is unable to consent to orresist sexual activity, usually because of intoxication) face higher levels of victim blame than do victims of forcible rape (Krahé, Temkin, & Bieneck, 2007). However, it is not clear whether blame is the result of victim alcohol consumption or the lack of force and resistance present during incapacitated rape; both of these factors have been shown to increase victim blame. The current vignette study crossed victim alcohol consumption and perpetrator use of force...
December 7, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199476/sexual-violence-victimization-among-youth-presenting-to-an-urban-emergency-department-the-role-of-violence-exposure-in-predicting-risk
#13
Andria B Eisman, Quyen M Ngo, Yasamin Y Kusunoki, Erin E Bonar, Marc A Zimmerman PhD, Rebecca M Cunningham Md, Maureen A Walton PhD Mph
Sexual violence (SV) is a widespread public health problem among adolescents and emerging adults with significant short- and long-term consequences. Young people living in urban, disadvantaged communities with high rates of violence may be especially at risk for SV victimization. Understanding interconnections between different forms of violence is critical to reducing SV risk among youth. Participants were youth ( N = 599) ages 14 to 24 years ( M = 20.05, SD = 2.42) presenting to an urban emergency department with a Level 1 trauma designation as part of a prospective cohort study and followed-up for 24 months...
December 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195515/the-role-of-objectification-in-the-victimization-and-perpetration-of-intimate-partner-violence
#14
Melissa R Jonnson, Jennifer I Langille, Zach Walsh
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a substantial health concern and identifying risk factors for IPV is a research priority. We examined the relationship between severe IPV and objectification of the self and other sex across participant sex. A sample of 1,005 male and female university students completed a series of online questionnaires that measure levels of self-objectification, objectification of the other sex, and histories of severe IPV victimization and perpetration. Self-objectification was associated with severe psychological aggression, physical assault, and sexual coercion victimization in females, but not in males...
December 1, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193079/statistical-modeling-of-the-case-information-from-the-ohio-attorney-general-s-sexual-assault-kit-testing-initiative
#15
Jaimie E Kerka, Derek J Heckman, James H Albert, Jon E Sprague, Lewis O Maddox
The Ohio Attorney General's Sexual Assault Kit (SAK) Testing Initiative has resulted in nearly 14,000 kits being processed since the initiation of the project in 2012. A logistic regression model was fit to the data from 2500 SAKs in order to determine the probability of obtaining at least one Combined DNA Index System (CODIS) eligible DNA profile based on a number of predictor variables. The probability of obtaining at least one CODIS eligible DNA profile from an SAK varied as a function of (i) days to kit collection following a sexual assault; (ii) years to kit submission to the laboratory for testing following kit collection; (iii) the age of the victim; and (iv) the occurrence of victim-reported consensual sex around the time of the assault and/or kit collection...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190404/sex-ed-by-brown-med-a-student-run-curriculum-and-its-impact-on-sexual-health-knowledge
#16
Erica Duh, Sheyla P Medina, Nathan Coppersmith, Naomi Adjei, Mary B Roberts, Susanna Magee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Risky sexual behavior among adolescents is a public health crisis. We describe a novel approach to sexual health education where medical students manage a curriculum for an entire seventh grade in one Rhode Island city to better equip students with comprehensive knowledge about sexual health. METHODS: Medical students were trained to teach 12 sessions to seventh-grade students under the supervision of the classroom teacher using a curriculum designed by medical students and faculty (modeled on the Family Life and Sexual Health [FLASH] curriculum but tailored to meet the community's needs)...
November 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146122/health-and-wellbeing-of-indigenous-adolescents-in-australia-a-systematic-synthesis-of-population-data
#17
Peter S Azzopardi, Susan M Sawyer, John B Carlin, Louisa Degenhardt, Ngiare Brown, Alex D Brown, George C Patton
BACKGROUND: Indigenous populations have high rates of disease and premature mortality. Most Indigenous communities are young, and adolescence (age 10-24 years) provides great opportunities for population health gain. However, the absence of a comprehensive account of Indigenous adolescents' health has been a barrier to effective policy. We aimed to report a national health profile for Indigenous adolescents in Australia. METHODS: We undertook a systematic synthesis of population data to report the health and wellbeing of Indigenous adolescents in Australia...
November 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118203/condom-use-behaviour-among-people-living-with-hiv-a-seven-country-community-based-participatory-research-in-the-asia-pacific-region
#18
Keshab Deuba, Verena Kohlbrenner, Sushil Koirala, Anna Mia Ekström
OBJECTIVES: We examined the prevalence of inconsistent condom use and its correlates among people living with HIV (PLHIV) in the Asia-Pacific region. METHODS: Between 1 October 2012 and 31 May 2013, a total of 7843 PLHIV aged 18-50 years were recruited using targeted and venue-based sampling in Bangladesh, Indonesia, Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR), Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines and Vietnam. Logistic regression was used to explore the association between condom use behaviour and demographics, social support, stigma and discrimination and various health-related variables...
November 8, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072826/college-students-sexual-consent-communication-and-perceptions-of-sexual-double-standards-a-qualitative-investigation
#19
Kristen N Jozkowski, Tiffany L Marcantonio, Mary E Hunt
CONTEXT: Affirmative consent standards adopted by colleges and universities are meant to decrease miscommunication that may lead to sexual assault. However, they may not take into account sociocultural factors that influence consent. In particular, the role of gender norms needs to be better understood. METHODS: In-depth interviews about college students' sexual activity, including sexual consent communication, were conducted with 17 female and 13 male students at a large southern university during the spring 2013 semester...
October 26, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067067/an-analysis-of-3105-medico-legal-cases-at-tertiary-care-hospital-rawalpindi
#20
Romana Malik, Iffat Atif, Farah Rashid, Maqbool Abbas
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Medico legal cases are essential component of medical practice and comprise most important constituent of emergencies. The reporting of such cases is imperative to recognize theirsocioeconomic burden on any country. The present study was conducted to scrutinize different categories of medico legal cases and characteristics of the victims at casualty department oftertiary care hospital Rawalpindi. The objective of the study was to find out the frequency ofvarious categories of medico legal cases and major characteristics ofvictims at tertiary care hospital, Rawalpindi...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
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