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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915391/is-the-macrophyte-diversification-along-the-trophic-gradient-distinct-enough-for-river-monitoring
#1
Krzysztof Szoszkiewicz, Anna Budka, Karol Pietruczuk, Dariusz Kayzer, Daniel Gebler
The variation of a number of parameters characterizing aquatic plant assemblages in rivers across a wide trophic gradient was investigated to evaluate their usefulness for a Polish national river monitoring system. Analyses were conducted at 100 sites included in the national river monitoring system, representing a uniform river type, i.e., small- and medium-sized lowland rivers with a sandy substrate. Results of botanical surveys, which were supplemented with comprehensive monthly quality records, were obtained from the national monitoring database...
December 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915357/snacking-patterns-and-snack-correlates-in-third-and-fourth-year-nursing-and-dietetics-students-an-exploratory-study-from-the-midwestern-united-states
#2
Laura H McArthur, P L Monahan, Zhaohui Sheng, Donald Holbert
AIMS: To compare snacking behaviors and psychosocial correlates of third- and fourth-year nursing (n=52) and dietetics (n=48) students. METHODS: Questionnaires assessed snack choices, awareness of healthy snacks, snack recommendations and beliefs, stage of change and perceived benefits/barriers for healthy snacking, and situational snacking. RESULTS: The snacks purchased most often on and off campus by the nursing students were soft drinks/caffeinated beverages (58%) and chips (42%), and for the dietetics students were chips (35%) and fresh fruit (33%)...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915257/correlates-of-self-rated-health-in-southern-europe-evidences-from-national-representative-samples-in-italy-and-serbia
#3
Francesco Lietz, Giovanni Piumatti, Jelena Marinkovic, Vesna Bjegovic-Mikanovic
BACKGROUND: Self-rated health (SRH) is a widely adopted tool to compare health across countries. Our aim was to examine SRH differences between Italy and Serbia and to observe the role of predictors of SRH referring to health behaviors within and between both countries. METHODS: We used cross-sectional population-based data from Italian and Serbian national health surveys carried out in 2013. Post hoc cross-standardization was undertaken to ensure that the information from both data sets was comparable...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915181/bioenergy-and-biodiversity-intensified-biomass-extraction-from-hedges-impairs-habitat-conditions-for-birds
#4
Ralf Sauerbrei, Birgit Aue, Christian Krippes, Eva Diehl, Volkmar Wolters
Biomass is increasingly used as an alternative source for energy in Europe. Woody material cut from hedges is considered to provide a suitable complement to maize and oilseed rape, which are currently the dominant biomass sources. Since shrubs and trees are also important habitats for birds, however, coppicing of hedges at the landscape scale may adversely affect the diversity of the avifauna. To evaluate this risk, we estimated the response of hedge birds to three management scenarios differing in cutting intensity and hedge selection...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915048/protective-effects-of-green-tea-and-its-main-constituents-against-natural-and-chemical-toxins-a-comprehensive-review
#5
REVIEW
Maryam Rameshrad, Bibi Marjan Razavi, Hossein Hosseinzadeh
Toxins are natural or chemical poisonous substances with severe side effects on health. Humans are generally exposed by widespread toxic contaminations via air, soil, water, food, fruits and vegetables. Determining a critical antidote agent with extensive effects on different toxins is an ultimate goal for all toxicologists. Traditional medicine is currently perceived as a safe and natural approach against toxins. In this regard, we focused on the protective effects of green tea (Camellia sinensis) and its main components such as catechin, epicatechin, epicatechin gallate, gallocatechin, epigallocatechin and epigallocatechin gallate as a principal source of antioxidants against both natural and chemical toxins...
November 30, 2016: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914927/novel-rna-viruses-producing-simultaneous-covert-infections-in-ceratitis-capitata-correlations-between-viral-titers-and-host-fitness-and-implications-for-sit-programs
#6
Angel Llopis-Giménez, Rosa Maria González, Anabel Millán-Leiva, Marta Catalá, Elena Llacer, Alberto Urbaneja, Salvador Herrero
The Mediterranean fruit fly (medfly), Ceratitis capitata is a highly polyphagous pest, which infests multiple species of fruits and vegetables worldwide. In addition to the traditional control with chemical insecticides, sterile insect technique (SIT) has been implemented in integrated programs worldwide, and has become an essential measure for the control of this pest. A key issue for SIT is to release sterile males that are sufficiently competitive with males from the wild population. Using sequence information available in public databases, three novel picornaviruses infecting medflies were discovered and named as C...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914913/vitamin-fortified-snack-food-may-lead-consumers-to-make-poor-dietary-decisions
#7
Linda Verrill, Dallas Wood, Sheryl Cates, Amy Lando, Yuanting Zhang
BACKGROUND: The US Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) fortification policy discourages the fortification of certain foods, including sugars and snack foods such as cookies, candies, cakes, chips, and carbonated beverages, yet manufacturers sometimes add vitamins and minerals to snack foods. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether vitamin-fortified snack foods affect consumers' information-seeking, purchase decisions, and product-related health perceptions. DESIGN: For this experimental study, participants were randomly assigned to study conditions to compare products that varied in product type, nutrition profile, and fortification and nutrient claim status...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914646/in-the-eye-of-the-beholder-assessing-the-water-quality-of-shoreline-parks-around-the-island-of-montreal-through-citizen-science
#8
D Lévesque, A Cattaneo, G Deschamps, C Hudon
As a part of the FreshWater Watch project aiming to promote volunteers' water monitoring in 25 cities around the world, St. Lawrence River water quality was characterized at 28 public shoreline parks around Montreal Island, Quebec, Canada. This involved training of 69 citizen scientists by researchers of the Université de Montréal in five one-day sessions. Shoreline sampling yielded 174 data points over three summers (May 2013 to November 2015). Water turbidity, nitrate and phosphate concentrations were measured in situ, together with the thickness and type of beach-cast vegetation, and the relative abundance of different types of beach litter...
November 30, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914641/reduction-of-neonicotinoid-insecticide-residues-in-prairie-wetlands-by-common-wetland-plants
#9
Anson R Main, Jessica Fehr, Karsten Liber, John V Headley, Kerry M Peru, Christy A Morrissey
Neonicotinoid insecticides are frequently detected in wetlands during the early to mid-growing period of the Canadian Prairie cropping season. These detections also overlap with the growth of macrophytes that commonly surround agricultural wetlands which we hypothesized may reduce neonicotinoid transport and retention in wetlands. We sampled 20 agricultural wetlands and 11 macrophyte species in central Saskatchewan, Canada, over eight weeks to investigate whether macrophytes were capable of reducing movement of neonicotinoids from cultivated fields and/or reducing concentrations in surface water by accumulating insecticide residues into their tissues...
November 30, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914639/actual-et-modelling-based-on-the-budyko-framework-and-the-sustainability-of-vegetation-water-use-in-the-loess-plateau
#10
Xuerui Gao, Miao Sun, Qi Zhao, Pute Wu, Xining Zhao, Wenxiang Pan, Yubao Wang
Jointly influenced by the natural factors and the artificial protection measures, the ecological environment of Loess Plateau has been significantly improved in recent years, but which has already brought about some water-related problems. To maintain the balance between precipitation and water consumption is an important foundation for sustainable development of the ecology remediation. This study used Budyko Framework to simulate the actual water consumption of 161 sub-basins from 1990 to 2014. Based on the simulation results, the research also analyzed the evolution characteristics of water balance in Loess Plateau from 1990 to 2014...
November 30, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914638/planting-richness-affects-the-recovery-of-vegetation-and-soil-processes-in-constructed-wetlands-following-disturbance
#11
Mary M Means, Changwoo Ahn, Gregory B Noe
The resilience of constructed wetland ecosystems to severe disturbance, such as a mass herbivory eat-out or soil disturbance, remains poorly understood. In this study, we use a controlled mesocosm experiment to examine how original planting diversity affects the ability of constructed freshwater wetlands to recover structurally and functionally after a disturbance (i.e., aboveground harvesting and soil coring). We assessed if the planting richness of macrophyte species influences recovery of constructed wetlands one year after a disturbance...
December 1, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914530/isochlorogenic-acid-a-affects-p450-and-ugt-enzymes-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#12
Jing Wang, Hong Wang, Ying Peng, Guang-Ji Wang, Hai-Ping Hao
Isochlorogenic acid A (ICQA), which has anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective, and antiviral properties, is commonly presented in fruits, vegetables, coffee, plant-based food products, and herbal medicines. These herbal medicines are usually used in combination with other medicines in the clinic. However, little is known about the regulatory effects of ICQA on drug-metabolizing enzymes and the herb-drug interactions. In the present study, we evaluated the inhibitory potentials of ICQA on CYP1A2, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP3A4, CYP2D6, and CYP2E1 in vitro based on a cocktail approach...
November 2016: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914510/impact-of-lactobacillus-fermentum-and-dairy-lipids-in-the-maternal-diet-on-the-fatty-acid-composition-of-pups-brain-and-peripheral-tissues
#13
C Joffre, A L Dinel, A Aubert, C Fressange-Mazda, P Le Ruyet, S Layé
The aim of the study was to determine the effect of maternal diets administered since day 1 of gestation and containing dairy lipids or vegetable oils differing in the supply of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) (equilibrated or deficient) and of Lactobacillus fermentum (L. fermentum) on the docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) accretion in the pups at postnatal day 14 in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and hippocampus (HC) for brain structures and in the liver and adipose tissue for peripheral tissues. Maternal milk fatty acid composition was also assessed by analyzing the fatty acid composition of the gastric content of the pups...
December 2016: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914182/positive-feelings-during-pregnancy-early-feeding-practices-and-infant-health
#14
Melissa A McManus, Ali A Khalessi, Joyce Lin, Jahanzeb Ashraf, Stephanie M Reich
BACKGROUND: Early parenting practices, like infant feeding, can impact children's physical health. Additionally, negative prenatal maternal affect can influence feeding choices, like breastfeeding, and can have a detrimental effect on children's health. However, little is known about the contribution of positive maternal affect during pregnancy on feeding practices and children's health. METHOD: This study explored whether positive prenatal feelings influenced children's health during the first 18 months, and whether early feeding practices mediated the relationship between these two variables...
December 3, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914161/streptococcus-agalactiae-native-valve-endocarditis-uncommon-presentation-of-multiple-myeloma
#15
Ana Pinho Oliveira, Anne Delgado, Cláudia Martins, Pedro Gama
Adults with chronic immunosuppressive conditions are at an increased risk for Streptococcus agalactiae endocarditis, which is typically characterized by acute onset, presence of large vegetations, rapid valvular destruction and frequent complications. We report a rare case of a 74 years old man presenting with fever, renal infarction, ischemic stroke and uveitis. Infective endocarditis was diagnosed and Streptococcus agalactiae was isolated in blood cultures. A multiple myeloma Ig G-K was also diagnosed. The infective endocarditis was successfully treated with a course of benzylpenicillin and gentamicin...
August 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914083/antibody-guided-molecular-imaging-of-infective-endocarditis
#16
Kenneth L Pinkston, Peng Gao, Kavindra V Singh, Ali Azhdarinia, Barbara E Murray, Eva M Sevick-Muraca, Barrett R Harvey
In this protocol, we describe the application of using a high affinity monoclonal antibody generated against the major pilin protein component of the pilin structure of Enterococcus faecalis as a PET imaging agent for enterococcal endocarditis detection. The anti-pilin -mAb 64Cu conjugate was able to specifically label enterococcal endocarditis vegetation in vivo in a rodent endocarditis model. By targeting pili, a covalently linked surface antigen extending from the bacterial surface, we provided evidence that gram-positive pilin represent a logical surface antigen to define or target an infectious agent for molecularly guided imaging...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913983/mobile-health-technology-can-objectively-capture-physical-activity-pa-targets-among-african-american-women-within-resource-limited-communities-the-washington-d-c-cardiovascular-health-and-needs-assessment
#17
S Thomas, L Yingling, J Adu-Brimpong, V Mitchell, C R Ayers, G R Wallen, M Peters-Lawrence, A T Brooks, D M Sampson, K L Wiley, J Saygbe, J Henry, A Johnson, A Graham, L Graham, T M Powell-Wiley
BACKGROUND: Little is understood about using mobile health (mHealth) technology to improve cardiovascular (CV) health among African-American women in resource-limited communities. METHODS: We conducted the Washington, D.C. CV Health and Needs Assessment in predominantly African-American churches in city wards 5, 7, and 8 with the lowest socioeconomic status based on community-based participatory research (CBPR) principles. The assessment measured CV health factors: body mass index (BMI), fasting blood glucose and cholesterol, blood pressure, fruit/vegetable (F/V) intake, physical activity (PA), and smoking...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913933/fatigue-reduction-diet-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-pilot-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Suzanna Maria Zick, Justin Colacino, Maria Cornellier, Tohfa Khabir, Katie Surnow, Zora Djuric
PURPOSE: Fatigue is a prevalent and burdensome effect of breast cancer. Fatigue has been linked to chronic inflammation, and diets high in antioxidant nutrients have been associated with lesser prevalence and severity of fatigue. Studies are needed, however, to test if antioxidant-rich diets could improve fatigue. METHODS: Pilot, randomized, trial conducted between January 2014 and April 2015, to investigate if a 3-month diet rich in fruit, vegetables, whole grains, and omega-3 fatty acid-rich foods, named the fatigue reduction diet (FRD), improved fatigue and sleep compared to an attention control, named the general health curriculum (GHC)...
December 2, 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913809/a-minimal-contact-diet-and-physical-activity-intervention-for-white-collar-workers
#19
Kimberlee A Gretebeck, Tatiana Bailey, Randall J Gretebeck
Minimal contact lifestyle interventions with multiple components coupled with health screening have the potential to improve worker health. The purpose of this study was to test a minimal contact multiple component lifestyle diet and exercise intervention. The multiple components that were included in this project included a worksite health screening, brief counseling session, emailed newsletter, and a pedometer. In response to the intervention, participants reported an increase in green salad, fruit, and vegetable consumption as well as an increase in self-efficacy for consuming three servings of fruits and vegetables a day...
December 2, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913420/multiple-evolutionary-trajectories-have-led-to-the-emergence-of-races-in-fusarium-oxysporum-f-sp-lycopersici
#20
Biju V Chellappan, Like Fokkens, Petra M Houterman, Martijn Rep, Ben J C Cornelissen
: Race 1 isolates of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici (Fol) are characterized by the presence of AVR1 in their genome. The product of this gene, Avr1, triggers resistance in tomato cultivars carrying resistance gene I In Fol race 2 and race 3 isolates, AVR1 is absent and hence they are virulent on tomato cultivars carrying I In this study, we analyze an approximately 100 kb genomic fragment containing the AVR1 locus of race 1 isolate Fol004, and compare it to the sequenced genome of Fol race 2 isolate 4287 (Fol4287)...
December 2, 2016: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
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