keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Vegetables

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236232/%C3%AE-1%C3%A2-6-d-glucan-secreted-during-the-optimised-production-of-exopolysaccharides-by-paecilomyces-variotii-has-immunostimulatory-activity
#1
Erica F Osaku, Rafael A Menolli, Claudia R L de M Costa, Fernando Henrique G Tessaro, Renan H de Melo, Alex E do Amaral, Péricles A D Duarte, Arquimedes Paixão de Santana Filho, Andrea Caroline Ruthes, José Luis da C Silva, Rosiane G Mello
Paecilomyces variotii is a filamentous fungus that occurs worldwide in soil and decaying vegetation. Optimization of the fermentation process for exopolysaccharide (EPS) production from the fungus P. variotii, structure determination and immuno-stimulating activity of EPS were performed. Response surface methodology (RSM) coupled with central composite design (CCD) was used to optimize the physical and chemical factors required to produce EPS in submerged fermentation. Preliminary investigations to choose the three factors for the present work were made using a factorial experimental design...
December 13, 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236165/polyphenol-rich-curry-made-with-mixed-spices-and-vegetables-benefits-glucose-homeostasis-in-chinese-males-polyspice-study-a-dose-response-randomized-controlled-crossover-trial
#2
Sumanto Haldar, Siok Ching Chia, Sze Han Lee, Joseph Lim, Melvin Khee-Shing Leow, Eric Chun Yong Chan, Christiani Jeyakumar Henry
PURPOSE: To investigate acute effects of two doses of a polyphenol-rich curry made with seven different spices and four base vegetables, eaten with white rice, on 24 h glucose response, postprandial insulinemia, triglyceridemia and 24 h urinary total polyphenol excretion (TPE). METHODS: Randomized, controlled, dose-response crossover trial in healthy, Chinese men [n = 20, mean ± standard deviation (SD) age 23.7 ± 2.30 years, BMI 23.0 ± 2.31 kg/m2] who consumed test meals matched for calories, macronutrients and total vegetables content, consisting either Dose 0 Control (D0C) or Dose 1 Curry (D1C) or Dose 2 Curry (D2C) meal...
December 13, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236157/isoprene-emissions-and-ozone-formation-in-urban-conditions-a-case-study-in-the-city-of-rio-de-janeiro
#3
Cleyton Martins da Silva, Sergio Machado Corrêa, Graciela Arbilla
The potential role of isoprene oxidative processes, as well as the possible impact of air pollution on isoprene emissions, are more important in tropical cities, surrounded by rainforests. In this study, the contribution of isoprene to ozone formation was determined considering different scenarios, mainly volatile organic compounds/NO x (VOC/NO x ) ratios, and typical atmospheric conditions for the city of Rio de Janeiro, where more than 36% of the urbanized area is covered by vegetation. Ozone isopleths and incremental reactivity coefficients (IR) were evaluated to understand the direct contribution of isoprene to ground-level ozone formation and the negative impact of anthropogenic NO x emissions on the natural atmospheric balance...
December 13, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236119/estimation-of-the-bioaccessibility-and-bioavailability-of-fe-mn-cu-and-zn-in-chinese-vegetables-using-the-in-vitro-digestion-caco-2-cell-model-the-influence-of-gut-microbiota
#4
Xiaolin Cai, Xiaochen Chen, Naiyi Yin, Huili Du, Guoxin Sun, Lihong Wang, Yudong Xu, Yuqing Chen, Yanshan Cui
The influence of the human gut microbiota on the bioaccessibility and bioavailability of trace elements in vegetables has barely been studied. An in vitro digestion model combining the physiologically based extraction test (PBET) and the Simulator of Human Intestinal Microbial Ecosystem (SHIME) was applied. Results showed that the gut microbiota increased the bioaccessibility of iron (Fe) in ten test vegetables by 1.3-1.8 times, but reduced the bioaccessibility of manganese (Mn), copper (Cu), and zinc (Zn) in vegetables in the colon phase by 3...
December 13, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236070/lc-ms-ms-tandem-mass-spectrometry-for-analysis-of-phenolic-compounds-and-pentacyclic-triterpenes-in-antifungal-extracts-of-terminalia-brownii-fresen
#5
Enass Y A Salih, Pia Fyhrquist, Ashraf M A Abdalla, Abdelazim Y Abdelgadir, Markku Kanninen, Marketta Sipi, Olavi Luukkanen, Mustafa K M Fahmi, Mai H Elamin, Hiba A Ali
Decoctions and macerations of the stem bark and wood of Terminalia brownii Fresen. are used in traditional medicine for fungal infections and as fungicides on field crops and in traditional granaries in Sudan. In addition, T. brownii water extracts are commonly used as sprays for protecting wooden houses and furniture. Therefore, using agar disc diffusion and macrodilution methods, eight extracts of various polarities from the stem wood and bark were screened for their growth-inhibitory effects against filamentous fungi commonly causing fruit, vegetable, grain and wood decay, as well as infections in the immunocompromised host...
December 13, 2017: Antibiotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235561/fruit-and-vegetable-intake-and-cognitive-impairment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#6
REVIEW
Tayebeh Mottaghi, Farzad Amirabdollahian, Fahimeh Haghighatdoost
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Epidemiological studies investigating the association between fruit and vegetable consumption and cognitive function have produced inconclusive findings. The aim of this review was to systematically investigate if increased fruit and vegetable consumption is linked with decreased risk of cognitive impairment (CI). METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature search using four databases (PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Scopus) in October 2016 and identified cohort and cross-sectional studies, which estimated the risk of CI for fruit and vegetable consumption...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235527/assessment-of-low-concentration-wastewater-treatment-operations-with-dewatered-alum-sludge-based-sequencing-batch-constructed-wetland-system
#7
Wei Kang, Hongxiang Chai, Yu Xiang, Wei Chen, Zhiyu Shao, Qiang He
Competition of volatile fatty acids between anoxic denitrification and anaerobic phosphorus release is prominent. Therefore, low concentration wastewater has restricted effects on nitrogen and phosphorus removal. The purpose of this study is to treat dormitory sewage with a biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) ranging from 50 to 150 mg/L using dewatered alum sludge-based sequencing batch constructed wetland system. Vegetation in the wetland system was chosen to be Phragmites australis. Three parallel cases were carried out to assess impacts due to different hydraulic retention time (HRT) and artificial aeration...
December 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235157/dietary-intake-in-people-consuming-a-low-carbohydrate-diet-in-the-uk-biobank
#8
M Shafique, S Russell, S Murdoch, J D Bell, N Guess
BACKGROUND: Low-carbohydrate diets are becoming increasingly popular, although their dietary quality outside of clinical studies is unknown. A previous study analysed the dietary intake in people consuming a reduced-carbohydrate diet (<40% calories). However, it is not clear what foods people consume when carbohydrate is reduced to below 26% of total calories. METHODS: In the present cross-sectional study, the dietary and nutrient intake collected via up to five consecutive 24-h dietary recalls and a food frequency questionnaire of 444 individuals (aged 46-79 years) consuming <26% of calories from carbohydrate (LCHO) was compared with that of 131 897 individuals consuming ≥45% calories from carbohydrate (NCHO) using the UK Biobank Dataset...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235103/dietary-patterns-and-risk-of-recurrence-and-progression-in-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer
#9
Ellen Westhoff, Xifeng Wu, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Seth P Lerner, Yuanqing Ye, Maosheng Huang, Colin P Dinney, Alina Vrieling, Huakang Tu
The association of dietary factors with urinary bladder cancer prognosis has scarcely been investigated, and results of studies conducted to date are inconsistent. We investigated whether empirically derived dietary patterns are associated with risks of recurrence and progression in non-muscle invasive bladder cancer patients. Data from 595 newly diagnosed non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer patients from an ongoing prospective cohort study were used to derive dietary patterns using exploratory factor analysis...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235034/assessment-of-the-health-status-and-risk-of-genotoxic-and-cytotoxic-damage-in-argentinian-adolescents-living-near-horticultural-crops
#10
Fabián Martínez-Perafán, María Fernanda Santoli, Marcela López-Nigro, Marta Ana Carballo
In some rural areas in Argentina, adolescents may be considered as a group indirectly exposed to agrochemicals because their parents plant small crops near their homes. This could become a health risk to children and adolescents who may be more sensitive to exposure to chemicals than adults. The objective of this study was to evaluate the health status of two different groups of Argentinian adolescents using biochemical parameters, dietary information, and cytogenetic biomarkers of genotoxicity and cytotoxicity...
December 13, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234970/aortic-valve-reconstruction-using-autologous-pericardium-ozaki-procedure-for-active-infective-endocarditis-a-case-report
#11
Kimiaki Okada, Yoshito Inoue, Hirofumi Haida, Satoru Suzuki
Approximately one-third of patients with infective endocarditis require surgical treatment, but the ideal procedure that prevents infection ensures long durability and maintains quality of life remains unclear. A 21-year-old man who was diagnosed with aortic active infective endocarditis was referred to our hospital for surgical treatment. Echocardiography showed bicuspid aortic valve, severe aortic regurgitation, a large vegetation, and a paravalvular abscess. We planned to perform elective surgical treatment after antibiotic therapy; however, progression to heart failure required urgent operation...
December 12, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234838/clinical-characteristics-and-prognosis-of-traumatic-head-injury-following-road-traffic-accidents-admitted-in-icu-analysis-of-694-cases
#12
Hedi Chelly, Mabrouk Bahloul, Rania Ammar, Ahmed Dhouib, Khaireddine Ben Mahfoudh, Mohamed Zaher Boudawara, Olfa Chakroun, Imen Chabchoub, Anis Chaari, Mounir Bouaziz
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study is to analyze the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) following Road Traffic Accidents (RTAs). Moreover, we aim to evaluate the outcome of the TBI victims referred to our medico-surgical Intensive Care Unit (ICU), and to define predictive factors associated with poor prognosis. METHODS: A retrospective study over a 4-year period (2009 to 2012) of 694 patients with head injuries, incurred during road traffic accidents, admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of a university hospital (Sfax-Tunisia)...
December 12, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234347/ectopic-expression-of-pumpkin-nac-transcription-factor-cmnac1-improves-multiple-abiotic-stress-tolerance-in-arabidopsis
#13
Haishun Cao, Li Wang, Muhammad A Nawaz, Mengliang Niu, Jingyu Sun, Junjun Xie, Qiusheng Kong, Yuan Huang, Fei Cheng, Zhilong Bie
Drought, cold and salinity are the major environmental stresses that limit agricultural productivity. NAC transcription factors regulate the stress response in plants. Pumpkin (Cucurbita moschata) is an important cucurbit vegetable crop and it has strong resistance to abiotic stress; however, the biological functions of stress-related NAC genes in this crop are largely unknown. This study reports the function of CmNAC1, a stress-responsive pumpkin NAC domain protein. The CmNAC1-GFP fusion protein was transiently expressed in tobacco leaves for subcellular localization analysis, and we found that CmNAC1 is localized in the nucleus...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234345/a-new-ala-122-asn-amino-acid-change-confers-decreased-fitness-to-als-resistant-echinochloa-crus-galli
#14
Silvia Panozzo, Laura Scarabel, Valentina Rosan, Maurizio Sattin
Gene mutations conferring herbicide resistance may cause pleiotropic effects on plant fitness. Knowledge of these effects is important for managing the evolution of herbicide-resistant weeds. An Echinochloa crus-galli population resistant to acetolactate synthase (ALS) herbicides was collected in a maize field in north-eastern Italy and the cross-resistance pattern, resistance mechanism and fitness costs associated to mutant-resistant plants under field conditions in the presence or absence of intra-specific competition were determined...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234343/effects-of-plant-functional-group-loss-on-soil-microbial-community-and-litter-decomposition-in-a-steppe-vegetation
#15
Chunwang Xiao, Yong Zhou, Jiaqi Su, Fan Yang
Globally, many terrestrial ecosystems are experiencing a rapid loss of biodiversity. Continued improvements in our understanding of interrelationships between plant diversity and soil microbes are critical to address the concern over the consequences of the decline in biodiversity on ecosystem functioning and services. By removing forbs, or grasses, or, to an extreme scenario, both forbs and grasses in a steppe vegetation in Inner Mongolia, we studied how plant functional group (PFG) loss affects soil microbial community composition using phospholipid fatty acid analysis (PLFA) and litter decomposition using a litter-bag method...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234334/no-vegetative-and-fecundity-fitness-cost-associated-with-acetyl-coenzyme-a-carboxylase-non-target-site-resistance-in-a-black-grass-alopecurus-myosuroides-huds-population
#16
Eshagh Keshtkar, Solvejg K Mathiassen, Per Kudsk
Attention should be devoted to weeds evolving herbicide resistance with non-target-site resistance (NTSR) mechanism due to their unpredictable resistance patterns. Quantification of fitness cost can be used in NTSR management strategies to determine the long-term fate of resistant plants in weed populations. To our knowledge, this is the first report evaluating potential fecundity and vegetative fitness of a NTSR black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides Huds), the most important herbicide resistant weed in Europe, with controlled genetic background...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234116/the-response-of-an-arboreal-mammal-to-livestock-grazing-is-habitat-dependant
#17
Heather Neilly, Lin Schwarzkopf
Inappropriate livestock grazing is implicated in the decline of vertebrate fauna species globally. Faunal responses to grazing can interact with the vegetation community in which they occur. We measured the response of an arboreal marsupial, the common brushtail possum (Trichosurus vulpecula vulpecula) to different cattle grazing strategies and vegetation types, and examined whether micro-habitat selection is driving this response. We hypothesised that where arboreal habitat is intact, brushtail possums would be resistant to the impacts of heavy grazing...
December 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234101/spatial-temporal-variation-of-drought-in-china-from-1982-to-2010-based-on-a-modified-temperature-vegetation-drought-index-mtvdi
#18
Shuhe Zhao, Dianmin Cong, Kexun He, Hong Yang, Zhihao Qin
Droughts cause huge losses of society and environment, therefore it is important to study the spatial-temporal pattern of drought. The traditional remote sensing drought indices (AVI, VCI and TCI) only consider the single factor representing the soil moisture (surface temperature or NDVI). The comprehensive remote sensing drought indices (VSWI and TVDI) can estimate the soil moisture more accurately, but they are not suitable for large scale region especially with great elevation variation. In this study, a modified Temperature Vegetation Drought Index (mTVDI) was constructed based on the correction of elevation and dry edge...
December 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233779/molecular-cloning-and-characterization-of-a-novel-vip3-type-gene-from-bacillus-thuringiensis-and-evaluation-of-its-toxicity-against-helicoverpa-armigera
#19
Showkat Ahmad Lone, Abdul Malik, Jasdeep Chatrath Padaria
Vegetative insecticidal proteins represent the second generation of insecticidal trans-genes that will complement the delta endotoxins in future. A new vip3A gene was cloned from the promising native isolate, Bacillus thuringiensis JK37 obtained from the soils of maize field. The entire coding sequence of the gene (2370 bp) was amplified and cloned into pET28a(+) expression vector. The nucleotide sequence analysis revealed that deduced amino acid sequence had a variation of several amino acid residues compared to those of known Vip3A proteins and this gene was designated as vip3Aa61 by the B...
December 9, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233359/supra-annular-mitral-valve-replacement-in-an-infant-with-infective-endocarditis
#20
Sanae Yamauchi, Shigemitsu Iwai, Yuji Tominaga, Yosuke Kugo, Moyu Hasegawa, Futoshi Kayatani, Kunihiko Takahashi, Hisaaki Aoki, Hiroaki Kawata
We report the case of a female neonate born at 40 weeks' gestation with no known risk factors. On postnatal day 27, she was transferred to the pediatric intensive care unit and intubated for cardiorespiratory failure; she was diagnosed with group B streptococcus infective endocarditis. Mitral valve vegetations did not improve with antibiotic therapy. Mitral valve surgery was performed on postnatal day 36. A mechanical mitral valve with short-segment polytetrafluoroethylene skirt was inserted into the supra-annular position; gentian violet was applied to the sewing ring and skirt...
January 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
keyword
keyword
11568
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"