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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440246/what-s-new-for-us-in-strabismus
#1
Pradeep Sharma, Nripen Gaur, Swati Phuljhele, Rohit Saxena
Strabismus is one of the most challenging subspecialties encountered in the field of ophthalmology. The concept of etiology of strabismus is being advanced with the development of newer imaging modalities and increased understanding of the genetics of strabismus. Imaging is also being used to aid in the planning of strabismus surgery. Newer horizons are being explored in the amblyopia management. The good old eye-pad is being replaced with the iPad. Early detection of loss of stereopsis is being used to decide the timing for strabismus surgery...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439655/-ocular-graft-versus-host-disease-corneal-complications
#2
H Westekemper, S L Scholz, H Thomasen, C Halfwassen, K-P Steuhl
BACKGROUND: Ocular graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) following allogeneic blood stem cell transplantation leads to immunologically induced alterations in many ocular tissues, particularly at the ocular surface. Within the framework of the main topic, this article focuses primarily on corneal complications in chronic ocular GvHD. OBJECTIVE: This article aims to promote understanding of the influencing factors, diagnostics, and therapeutic options pertaining to corneal complications in ocular GvHD...
April 24, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414044/the-impact-of-the-medicare-access-and-chip-reauthorization-act-macra-on-the-field-of-ophthalmology
#3
Brenton Kinker, Kaitlyn Dobesh, Nariman Nassiri, Mark S Juzych, M Roy Wilson
PURPOSE: To analyze the impact of the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act of 2015 (MACRA) on the field of ophthalmology. DESIGN: A perspective on the effects of MACRA's Quality Payment Program after analysis of the proposed rule, final rule, and commentary submitted by relevant stakeholders. RESULTS: Physicians will need to use one of two payment structures: Merit Based Incentive Payment Systems (MIPS), or Alternative Payment Models (APMs)...
April 13, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271003/optical-coherence-tomography-based-angiography-invited
#4
REVIEW
Chieh-Li Chen, Ruikang K Wang
Optical coherence tomography (OCT)-based angiography (OCTA) provides in vivo, three-dimensional vascular information by the use of flowing red blood cells as intrinsic contrast agents, enabling the visualization of functional vessel networks within microcirculatory tissue beds non-invasively, without a need of dye injection. Because of these attributes, OCTA has been rapidly translated to clinical ophthalmology within a short period of time in the development. Various OCTA algorithms have been developed to detect the functional micro-vasculatures in vivo by utilizing different components of OCT signals, including phase-signal-based OCTA, intensity-signal-based OCTA and complex-signal-based OCTA...
February 1, 2017: Biomedical Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191476/pharmacological-treatments-of-presbyopia-a-review-of-modern-perspectives
#5
REVIEW
Antonio Renna, Jorge Luciano Alió, Luis Felipe Vejarano
INTRODUCTION: Presbyopia affects people from the 4(th) decade of life and is characterized by accommodative loss that leads to negative effects on vision-targeted health-related quality of life. A non-invasive pharmacological treatment providing near-lenses independence would be a truly groundbreaking approach in the treatment of presbyopia. The purpose of this review is to analyze the emerging pharmacological solutions proposed to address presbyopia. RESULTS: Several ophthalmic eye drops compounds solutions have been described in peer-reviewed papers or presented in ophthalmological tabloids and congresses...
2017: Eye and Vision (London, England)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161930/electronic-referrals-and-digital-imaging-systems-in-ophthalmology-a-global-perspective
#6
V Swetha E Jeganathan, H Nikki Hall, Roshini Sanders
Ophthalmology departments face intensifying pressure to expedite sight-saving treatments and reduce the global burden of disease. The use of electronic communication systems, digital imaging, and redesigned service care models is imperative for addressing such demands. The recently developed Scottish Eyecare Integration Project involves an electronic referral system from community optometry to the hospital ophthalmology department using National Health Service (NHS) email with digital ophthalmic images attached, via a virtual private network connection...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138753/-evaluation-of-methodological-quality-in-published-rcts-on-cataract-surgery-pilot-study-on-the-degree-of-adherence-to-consort-statement-requirements-and-their-qualitative-validity
#7
C Baulig, F Krummenauer, S Knippschild
BACKGROUND: The CONSORT statement can be considered as a guideline to ensure transparency in the reporting of randomized clinical trials (RCT), in addition to specific author instructions and requirements of journals. It provides a total of 25 criteria and 12 additional subcriteria on methodological and regulatorical determinants of clinical trials. The availability of the CONSORT recommendations, however, does not necessarily imply adherence to their obligations and correct realisation of the latter from a methodological perspective, so that even in ophthalmology a lack of transparency in trial reporting cannot be excluded...
January 30, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004586/psycho-ophthalmology-contributions-of-health-psychology-to-the-assessment-and-treatment-of-glaucoma
#8
Jorge Luis Méndez-Ulrich, Antoni Sanz
BACKGROUND: Asymptomatic in its early stages, glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness worldwide. While psychosocial factors are taken into consideration for a host of diseases such as cancer, heart disease and autoimmune conditions, to date, psychological issues have been ignored in the clinical management of glaucoma. OBJECTIVE: This work reviews the most relevant contributions from a health psychology perspective for the assessment and treatment of glaucoma, which is emerging in the field of psycho-ophthalmology...
December 22, 2016: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787744/simulation-modelling-in-ophthalmology-application-to-cost-effectiveness-of-ranibizumab-and-aflibercept-for-the-treatment-of-wet-age-related-macular-degeneration-in-the-united-kingdom
#9
Lindsay Claxton, Robert Hodgson, Matthew Taylor, Bill Malcolm, Ruth Pulikottil Jacob
BACKGROUND: Previously developed models in ophthalmology have generally used a Markovian structure. There are a number of limitations with this approach, most notably the ability to base patient outcomes on best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) in both eyes, which may be overcome using a different modelling structure. Simulation modelling allows for this to be modelled more precisely, and therefore may provide more accurate and relevant estimates of the cost effectiveness of ophthalmology interventions...
February 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769318/perspectives-on-canadian-postgraduate-education-in-ophthalmology
#10
EDITORIAL
Ian M MacDonald, Bernard Hurley, Chris Seamone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703662/in-vivo-evaluation-of-the-biomechanical-properties-of-optic-nerve-and-peripapillary-structures-by-ultrasonic-shear-wave-elastography-in-glaucoma
#11
Atilla Suleyman Dikici, Ismail Mihmanli, Fahrettin Kilic, Ahmet Ozkok, Gokhan Kuyumcu, Pinar Sultan, Cesur Samanci, Mehmet Halit Yilmaz, Babak Rafiee, Nevbahar Tamcelik, Zehra Isik Hasiloglu, Fatih Kantarci
BACKGROUND: Primary open-angle glaucoma is a multifactorial serious disease characterized by progressive retinal ganglion cell death and loss of visual field. OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this study were to investigate shear wave elastography (SWE) use in the evaluation of the optic nerve (ON) and peripapillary structures, and to compare the findings between glaucomatous and control eyes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A case-controlled study, including 21 patients with primary open-angle glaucoma and 21 age-matched control subjects, was carried out...
April 2016: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679736/novel-insights-into-the-polycythemia-paraganglioma-somatostatinoma-syndrome
#12
Roland Därr, Joan Nambuba, Jaydira Del Rivero, Ingo Janssen, Maria Merino, Milena Todorovic, Bela Balint, Ivana Jochmanova, Josef T Prchal, Ronald M Lechan, Arthur S Tischler, Vera Popovic, Dragana Miljic, Karen T Adams, F Ryan Prall, Alexander Ling, Meredith R Golomb, Michael Ferguson, Naris Nilubol, Clara C Chen, Emily Chew, David Taïeb, Constantine A Stratakis, Tito Fojo, Chunzhang Yang, Electron Kebebew, Zhengping Zhuang, Karel Pacak
Worldwide, the syndromes of paraganglioma (PGL), somatostatinoma (SOM) and early childhood polycythemia are described in only a few patients with somatic mutations in the hypoxia-inducible factor 2 alpha (HIF2A). This study provides detailed information about the clinical aspects and course of 7 patients with this syndrome and brings into perspective these experiences with the pertinent literature. Six females and one male presented at a median age of 28 years (range 11-46). Two were found to have HIF2A somatic mosaicism...
December 2016: Endocrine-related Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664288/historical-perspectives-on-the-management-of-macular-degeneration-diabetic-retinopathy-and-retinal-detachment-personal-reminiscences
#13
Stuart L Fine, Morton F Goldberg, William Tasman
We were challenged and delighted when Dr. Sharon Solomon, guest editor of this Retina Supplement, invited us to reminisce about caring for patients with common retinal disorders before there was access to the diagnostic and therapeutic tools that are readily available today. We agreed to confine our remarks to 3 common, but serious, conditions: age-related macular degeneration (Dr. Fine), diabetic retinopathy (Dr. Goldberg), and retinal detachment (Dr. Tasman). Each of us completed our ophthalmology training about half a century ago...
October 2016: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579460/perspective-of-ophthalmology-residents-in-the-united-states-about-residency-programs-and-competency-in-relation-to-the-international-council-of-ophthalmology-guidelines
#14
Nizar Saleh Abdelfattah, Ahmed E Radwan, Srinivas R Sadda
PURPOSE: To evaluate the perspective of ophthalmology residents in the US about their residency programs and compare the competency of residency programs to international competency levels set by the International Council of Ophthalmology (ICO). METHODS: A cross-sectional web-based survey extracted from the ICO published competency standards was sent to program directors of ophthalmology residency programs in the US to forward it to current PGY-3, 4 residents, and residency graduates from 2011 to 2014...
September 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27550006/board-certification-the-global-perspective
#15
Susan H Day
This article reviews globalization of quality standards in medicine, with emphasis on accreditation and certification. In conjunction with the 100th anniversary of the American Board of Ophthalmology, the author explores globalization movements, standards of quality, expectations of others seeking certification, the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) International, interrelationships with the ABMS, and considerations both pragmatic and philosophical in addressing globalization of standards.
September 2016: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532761/evaluation-of-ophthalmologic-assistance-from-the-perspective-of-users
#16
Andréa Maria Eleutério de Barros Lima Martins, Ariadna Borges Muniz, Marise Fagundes Silveira, Danilo Lima Carreiro, João Gabriel Silva Souza, Efigênia Ferreira E Ferreira
The prevalence of need of, access to, and dissatisfaction with ophthalmic assistance was estimated among those who were assisted in such services in the last year; factors associated with dissatisfaction were identified. Complex probabilistic sample was used. A descriptive, bivariate, and multiple analysis with correction for design effect was conducted. Of 2.582 participants, 76% needed assistance and, of those, 82.5% possessed access to it. Among patients who received assistance in the last year, 13.1% were dissatisfied...
April 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516671/lifestyle-determinants-on-prevention-and-improvement-of-dry-eye-disease-from-the-perspective-of-iranian-traditional-medicine
#17
Neda Haji-Ali-Nili, Fariba Khoshzaban, Mehrdad Karimi
BACKGROUND: Dry eye disease is one of the most common public health problems in the field of ophthalmology that causes decreased physical, psychological, social and occupational functioning, and interferes with daily activities like reading, driving, computer work and watching TV. The effect of this disease on quality of life is similar to severe migraine and angina. In addition, the severity of the disease is closely related to depression. Outbreaks are increasing with the use of contact lenses and refractive surgery such as LASIK...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487608/challenges-in-the-management-of-glaucoma-in-a-developing-country-a-qualitative-study-of-providers-perspectives
#18
B J Adekoya, F G Adepoju, K F Moshood, A H Balarabe
BACKGROUND: Glaucoma management is challenging to patients as well as to the eye care providers. The study is aimed at describing the challenges faced by providers using qualitative methods. METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted with selected Ophthalmologists and resident doctors in ophthalmology at centres offering medical and surgical glaucoma services in Lagos state, Nigeria, according to established qualitative methods. This was done using semi-structured, open ended questions to explore the providers' perspective on glaucoma burden, challenges in the management, surgery for glaucoma, acceptance of glaucoma surgery by patients, and recommendations for improving glaucoma services...
October 2015: Nigerian Journal of Medicine: Journal of the National Association of Resident Doctors of Nigeria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27409459/the-development-commercialization-and-impact-of-optical-coherence-tomography
#19
James Fujimoto, Eric Swanson
This review was written for the special issue of IOVS to describe the history of optical coherence tomography (OCT) and its evolution from a nonscientific, historic perspective. Optical coherence tomography has become a standard of care in ophthalmology, providing real-time information on structure and function - diagnosing disease, evaluating progression, and assessing response to therapy, as well as helping to understand disease pathogenesis and create new therapies. Optical coherence tomography also has applications in multiple clinical specialties, fundamental research, and manufacturing...
July 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27366696/characteristics-of-corneal-dystrophies-a-review-from-clinical-histological-and-genetic-perspectives
#20
REVIEW
Ze-Nan Lin, Jie Chen, Hong-Ping Cui
Corneal dystrophy is a common type of hereditary corneal diseases. It includes many types, which have varied pathology, histology and clinical manifestations. Recently, the examination techniques of ophthalmology and gene sequencing advance greatly, which do benefit to our understanding of these diseases. However, many aspects remain still unknown. And due to the poor knowledge of these diseases, the results of the treatments are not satisfoctory. The purpose of this review was to summarize the clinical, histological and genetic characteristics of different types of corneal dystrophies...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
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