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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223880/tomato-plants-use-non-enzymatic-antioxidant-pathways-to-cope-with-moderate-uv-a-b-irradiation-a-contribution-to-the-use-of-uv-a-b-in-horticulture
#1
N Mariz-Ponte, R J Mendes, S Sario, J M P Ferreira de Oliveira, P Melo, C Santos
Plants developed receptors for solar UV-A/B radiation, which regulate a complex network of functions through the plant's life cycle. However, greenhouse grown crops, like tomato, are exposed to strongly reduced UV radiation, contrarily to their open-field counterparts. A new paradigm of modern horticulture is to supplement adequate levels of UV to greenhouse cultures, inducing a positive mild stress necessary to stimulate oxidative stress pathways and antioxidant mechanisms. Protected cultures of Solanum (cv MicroTom) were supplemented with moderate UV-A (1h and 4h) and UV-B (1min and 5min) doses during the flowering/fruiting period...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223530/diet-quality-of-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-and-the-impact-of-nutritional-counseling
#2
Andréia Silva Fernandes, Christiane Ishikawa Ramos, Fabiana Baggio Nerbass, Lilian Cuppari
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to evaluate the quality of the diet of nondialysis-dependent patients with chronic kidney disease and to investigate the impact of dietary counseling in the quality of the diet of these patients. METHODS: In the cross-sectional analysis, 3-day food records of 100 nondialysis-dependent patients with chronic kidney disease patients, in the first visit to the renal dietitians, were evaluated using the Diet Quality Index (DQI)...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223340/silencing-of-histone-deacetylase-slhdt3-delays-fruit-ripening-and-suppresses-carotenoid-accumulation-in-tomato
#3
Jun-E Guo, Zongli Hu, Fenfen Li, Lincheng Zhang, Xiaohui Yu, Boyan Tang, Guoping Chen
The acetylation levels of histones on lysine residues are regulated by histone acetyltransferases and histone deacetylases, which play an important but understudied role in the control of gene expression in plants. There is an increasing research focus on histone deacetylation in crops, but to date, there is little information regarding tomato. With the aim of characterizing the tomato HD2 family of histone deacetylases, an RNA interference (RNAi) expression vector of SlHDT3 was constructed and transformed into tomato plants...
December 2017: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222908/how-effective-are-common-household-preparations-on-removing-pesticide-residues-from-fruit-and-vegetables-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Stephen W C Chung
Nowadays, the use of pesticides is inevitable for pest-control in crops, especially the fruit and vegetables. After the harvest from raw agricultural commodities, the amount of pesticide residues in food is mainly influenced by the storage, handling and processing that follow. If good agricultural and good manufacturing practices are enforced effectively, the amount of pesticide residues would be brought below the corresponding maximum residue level. Thus, the consumption of raw and/or prepared fruit and vegetables would be safe...
December 9, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222902/fruit-and-vegetable-intake-of-korean-children-and-adolescents-according-to-cooking-location-and-daily-meal-study-based-on-2010-and-2011-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-data
#5
Yong-Suk Kwon, Yangsuk Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study analyzed the intake of fruits and vegetables by cooking location and daily meals for Korean children and adolescents. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: For this study, 2,538 Korean children and adolescents aged 7-18 years, who participated in the 2010 and 2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey dietary intake survey (24-hour recall methods), were sampled. RESULTS: The total unsalted fruit and vegetable intake for all subjects was 300 g (aged 7-12 years, 280 g; aged 13-18 years, 316 g)...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222888/common-food-antimicrobials-effects-on-cellular-inflammation-and-oxidative-damage-and-their-estimated-occurrence-in-singapore
#6
Claudine Loong, Shin Yih Tsen, Xing Lin Ho, Muhammed Faiz B Raman, Wai Mun Loke
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The prevalence and potential health effects of common food antimicrobials in processed foods and beverages are relatively unknown in Singapore. The occurrence of chemical antimicrobials in processed foods and beverages and their effects on inflammation and oxidative stress in vitro were examined. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The occurrence of antimicrobials in 1605 processed food and 359 beverage items were examined by surveying the ingredients on the product labels...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222878/non-communicable-diseases-food-and-nutrition-in-vietnam-from-1975-to-2015-the-burden-and-national-response
#7
Tuan T Nguyen, Minh V Hoang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This review manuscript examines the burden and national response to non-communicable diseases (NCDs), food and nutrition security in Vietnam from 1975 to 2015. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We extracted data from peer-reviewed manuscripts and reports of nationally representative surveys and related policies in Vietnam. RESULTS: In 2010, NCDs accounted for 318,000 deaths (72% of total deaths), 6.7 million years of life lost, and 14 million disability-adjusted life years in Vietnam...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222720/reproductive-ecology-of-a-parasitic-plant-differs-by-host-species-vector-interactions-and-the-maintenance-of-host-races
#8
Kelsey M Yule, Judith L Bronstein
Parasitic plants often attack multiple host species with unique defenses, physiology, and ecology. Reproductive phenology and vectors of parasitic plant genes (pollinators and dispersers) can contribute to or erode reproductive isolation of populations infecting different host species. We asked whether desert mistletoe, Phoradendron californicum (Santalaceae tribe Visceae syn. Viscaceae), differs ecologically across its dominant leguminous hosts in ways affecting reproductive isolation. Parasite flowering phenology on one host species (velvet mesquite, Prosopis velutina) differed significantly from that on four others, and phenology was not predicted by host species phenology or host individual...
December 8, 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222687/chrysophyllum-cainito-apple-star-a-fruit-with-gastroprotective-activity-in-experimental-ulcer-models
#9
Roseane Leandra da Rosa, Camila Leandra de Almeida, Lincon Bordigon Somensi, Thaise Boeing, Luisa Nathália Bolda Mariano, Clarissa de Medeiros Amorim Krueger, Priscila de Souza, Valdir Cechinel Filho, Luisa Mota da Silva, Sérgio Faloni de Andrade
The gastroprotective potential of the methanolic extracts from peels (MEPe), seeds (MESe) and pulp (MEPu) of Chrysophyllum cainito L. (Sapotaceae) fruits was evaluated in mice using ethanol/HCl- and indomethacin-induced ulcer, as well as the antiulcer effect of the juice and flour from this fruit. The lowest oral gastroprotective dose of MEPe, MESe and MEPu against ethanol/HCl was 3, 3 and 10 mg/kg, respectively. Moreover, all extracts increased mucin secretion at 176, 198 and 193%. Intraperitoneal administration of MEPe (0...
December 8, 2017: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222655/levels-dietary-intake-and-health-risk-of-potentially-toxic-metals-in-vegetables-fruits-and-cereal-crops-in-pakistan
#10
Javed Nawab, Saad Farooqi, Wang Xiaoping, Sardar Khan, Asad Khan
Food safety is a major concern worldwide and human beings are frequently exposed to potentially toxic metals (PTMs) through consumption of vegetables, fruits, and cereal crops grown in contaminated areas. The present study investigates the concentrations of PTMs such as chromium (Cr), nickel (Ni), zinc (Zn), arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), and lead (Pb) in the foodstuffs (fruits, vegetables, and cereals) collected from different markets of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Samples of fruits (banana, tangerine, apple, and guava), vegetables (tomato, onion, potato, pea, and lady finger), and cereals (rice, kidney beans, and chick peas) were acid-extracted and analyzed using ICP-MS...
December 8, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222576/microbial-ecology-of-the-agaricus-bisporus-mushroom-cropping-process
#11
REVIEW
Conor F McGee
Agaricus bisporus is the most widely cultivated mushroom species in the world. Cultivation is commenced by inoculating beds of semi-pasteurised composted organic substrate with a pure spawn of A. bisporus. The A. bisporus mycelium subsequently colonises the composted substrate by degrading the organic material to release nutrients. A layer of peat, often called "casing soil", is laid upon the surface of the composted substrate to induce the development of the mushroom crop and maintain compost environmental conditions...
December 8, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222080/the-12-item-self-report-world-health-organization-disability-assessment-schedule-whodas-2-0-administered-via-the-internet-to-individuals-with-anxiety-and-stress-disorders-a-psychometric-investigation-based-on-data-from-two-clinical-trials
#12
Erland Axelsson, Elin Lindsäter, Brjánn Ljótsson, Erik Andersson, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0) is a widespread measure of disability and functional impairment, which is bundled with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fifth Edition) for use in psychiatry. Administering psychometric scales via the Internet is an effective way to reach respondents and allow for convenient handling of data. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to study the psychometric properties of the 12-item self-report WHODAS 2...
December 8, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221627/alkaline-diet-and-metabolic-acidosis-practical-approaches-to-the-nutritional-management-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#13
Larissa Rodrigues Neto Angéloco, Gabriela Cristina Arces de Souza, Elen Almeida Romão, Paula Garcia Chiarello
The kidneys play an extremely important role in maintaining the body acid-base balance by excreting nonvolatile acids and regenerating and reabsorbing bicarbonate in the kidney tubules. As the individual loses their kidney function, renal excretion of nonvolatile acid produced by metabolism of the diet is impaired, resulting in low-grade metabolic acidosis. With this in mind, it is relevant to better understand the dietary aspects related to the acid-base balance in chronic kidney disease metabolic acidosis and try to provide possible strategies for the nutritional management of these cases...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221432/sex-and-ethnic-racial-specific-risk-factors-for-gallbladder-disease
#14
Jane C Figueiredo, Christopher Haiman, Jacqueline Porcel, James Buxbaum, Daniel Stram, Neal Tambe, Wendy Cozen, Lynne Wilkens, Loic Le Marchand, Veronica Wendy Setiawan
BACKGROUND: Gallbladder disease (GBD) is a highly prevalent condition; however, little is known about potential differences in risk factors by sex and ethnicity/race. Our aim was to evaluate dietary, reproductive and obesity-related factors and GBD in multiethnic populations. METHODS: We performed a prospective analysis from the Multiethnic Cohort study who self-identified as non-Hispanic White (n = 32,103), African American (n = 30,209), Japanese (n = 35,987), Native Hawaiian (n = 6942) and Latino (n = 39,168)...
December 8, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221173/farnesyl-phenolic-enantiomers-as-natural-mth1-inhibitors-from-ganoderma-sinense
#15
Ya Gao, Lihan Zhu, Jing Guo, Ting Yuan, Liqing Wang, Hua Li, Lixia Chen
Cancer cells are more addictive to MTH1 than normal cells because of their dysfunctional redox regulations. MTH1 plays an important role to maintain tumor cell survival, while it is not indispensable for the growth of normal cells. Farnesyl phenols having a coumaroyl substitution are rather uncommon in nature. Eight farnesyl phenolic compounds with such substituent moiety (1-8), including six new ones, ganosinensols E-J (1-6) were isolated from the 95% EtOH extract of the fruiting bodies of Ganoderma sinense...
November 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220874/evolution-of-larval-competitiveness-and-associated-life-history-traits-in-response-to-host-shifts-in-a-seed-beetle
#16
Charles W Fox, Frank J Messina
Resource competition is frequently strong among parasites that feed within small discrete resource patches, such as seeds or fruits. The properties of a host can influence the behavioral, morphological, and life history traits of associated parasites, including traits that mediate competition within the host. For seed parasites, host size may be an especially important determinant of competitive ability. Using the seed beetle, Callosobruchus maculatus, we performed replicated, reciprocal host shifts to examine the role of seed size in determining larval competitiveness and associated traits...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220805/processing-of-wet-kinnow-mandarin-citrus-reticulata-fruit-waste-into-novel-br%C3%A3-nsted-acidic-ionic-liquids-and-their-application-in-hydrolysis-of-sucrose
#17
Pratibha Dwivedi, Mangat Singh, Naina Sehra, Nishant Pandey, Rajender S Sangwan, Bhuwan B Mishra
In citrus processing industries, where up to 60% of the whole fruit is discarded, generates citrus waste (peel, seeds, membrane, and pulp) on a massive scale. The waste does not currently have high-value applications, instead the majority is disposed of or pelletized for animal feed. Therefore, a concise and efficacious protocol for processing of Kinnow mandarin (Citrus reticulata) fruit waste to numerous novel Brønsted acidic ionic liquids (3a-k) have been developed. BAILs were characterized using spectroscopic techniques (FT-IR and NMR)...
December 2, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220519/aggregation-patterns-sampling-plan-and-economic-injury-levels-for-the-new-citrus-pest-delottococcus-aberiae-hemiptera-pseudococcidae
#18
J Pérez-Rodríguez, V Martínez-Blay, A Soto, J Selfa, C Monzó, A Urbaneja, A Tena
Delottococcus aberiae De Lotto (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) is the latest exotic mealybug species introduced in citrus in the Mediterranean basin. It causes severe distortion and size reduction on developing fruits. Due to its first interaction with citrus, D. aberiae economic thresholds are still unknown for this crop and the current Integrated Pest Management programs have been disrupted. The objectives of this study were to determine the aggregation patterns of D. aberiae in citrus, develop an efficient sampling plan to assess its population density, and calculate its Economic and Economic Environmental Injury Levels (EIL and EEIL, respectively)...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220459/isoplot-a-database-for-comparison-of-mrna-isoforms-in-fruit-fly-and-mosquitoes
#19
I-Man Ng, Jia-Hsin Huang, Shang-Chi Tsai, Huai-Kuang Tsai
http://isoplot.iis.sinica.edu.tw/.
January 1, 2017: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220418/plant-mediated-female-transcriptomic-changes-post-mating-in-a-tephritid-fruit-fly-bactrocera-tryoni
#20
Kumaran Nagalingam, Chloé A van der Burg, Yujia Qin, Stephen L Cameron, Anthony R Clarke, Peter J Prentis
Female post-mating behaviours are regulated by complex factors involving males, females and the environment. In insects, plant secondary compounds that males actively forage for, may indirectly modify female behaviours by altering male behaviour and physiology. In the tephritid fruit fly, Bactrocera tryoni, females mated with males previously fed on plant-derived phenylpropanoids (= 'lures' based on usage in tephritid literature), have longer mating refractoriness, greater fecundity and reduced longevity than females mated with non-lure fed males...
December 6, 2017: Genome Biology and Evolution
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