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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501451/habitual-exercise-levels-are-associated-with-cerebral-amyloid-load-in-presymptomatic-autosomal-dominant-alzheimer-s-disease
#1
Belinda M Brown, Hamid R Sohrabi, Kevin Taddei, Samantha L Gardener, Stephanie R Rainey-Smith, Jeremiah J Peiffer, Chengjie Xiong, Anne M Fagan, Tammie Benzinger, Virginia Buckles, Kirk I Erickson, Roger Clarnette, Tejal Shah, Colin L Masters, Michael Weiner, Nigel Cairns, Martin Rossor, Neill R Graff-Radford, Stephen Salloway, Jonathan Vöglein, Christoph Laske, James Noble, Peter R Schofield, Randall J Bateman, John C Morris, Ralph N Martins
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between self-reported exercise levels and Alzheimer's disease (AD) biomarkers, in a cohort of autosomal dominant AD mutation carriers. METHODS: In 139 presymptomatic mutation carriers from the Dominantly Inherited Alzheimer Network, the relationship between self-reported exercise levels and brain amyloid load, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) Aβ42, and CSF tau levels was evaluated using linear regression...
May 11, 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387666/increased-carbohydrate-intake-is-associated-with-poorer-performance-in-verbal-memory-and-attention-in-an-apoe-genotype-dependent-manner
#2
Samantha L Gardener, Stephanie R Rainey-Smith, Hamid R Sohrabi, Michael Weinborn, Giuseppe Verdile, W M A D Binosha Fernando, Yen Ying Lim, Karra Harrington, Samantha Burnham, Kevin Taddei, Colin L Masters, Stuart L Macaulay, Christopher C Rowe, David Ames, Paul Maruff, Ralph N Martins
Evidence suggests that a diet low in carbohydrates can impact on cognitive performance among those with Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, there is a lack of data assessing this relationship among cognitively normal (CN) older adults at increased future risk of developing AD due to carriage of the apolipoprotein E (APOE) ɛ4 allele. We assessed the cross-sectional association between carbohydrate intake, cognitive performance, and cerebral amyloid-β (Aβ) load in CN older adults, genotyped for APOEɛ4 allele carrier status...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138540/synchronization-in-networks-with-multiple-interaction-layers
#3
Charo I Del Genio, Jesús Gómez-Gardeñes, Ivan Bonamassa, Stefano Boccaletti
The structure of many real-world systems is best captured by networks consisting of several interaction layers. Understanding how a multilayered structure of connections affects the synchronization properties of dynamical systems evolving on top of it is a highly relevant endeavor in mathematics and physics and has potential applications in several socially relevant topics, such as power grid engineering and neural dynamics. We propose a general framework to assess the stability of the synchronized state in networks with multiple interaction layers, deriving a necessary condition that generalizes the master stability function approach...
November 2016: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565830/detailed-methods-of-two-home-based-vegetable-gardening-intervention-trials-to-improve-diet-physical-activity-and-quality-of-life-in-two-different-populations-of-cancer-survivors
#4
Mallory G Cases, Andrew D Frugé, Jennifer F De Los Santos, Julie L Locher, Alan B Cantor, Kerry P Smith, Tony A Glover, Harvey J Cohen, Michael Daniel, Casey D Morrow, Douglas R Moellering, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried
BACKGROUND: Cancer survivors suffer from long-term adverse effects that reduce health-related quality of life (QOL) and physical functioning, creating an urgent need to develop effective, durable, and disseminable interventions. Harvest for Health, a home-based vegetable gardening intervention, holds promise for these domains. METHODS: This report describes the methods and recruitment experiences from two randomized controlled feasibility trials that employ a waitlist-controlled design...
September 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27559731/quantitative-expression-and-co-localization-of-wnt-signalling-related-proteins-in-feline-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#5
Antonio Giuliano, Rebecca Swift, Callum Arthurs, Georgina Marote, Francesca Abramo, Jenny McKay, Calum Thomson, Mariana Beltran, Michael Millar, Simon Priestnall, Jane Dobson, Fernando Costantino-Casas, Terry Petrou, Imelda M McGonnell, Anthony J Davies, Malcolm Weetman, Oliver A Garden, John R Masters, Christopher Thrasivoulou, Aamir Ahmed
Feline oral squamous cell carcinoma (FOSCC) is an aggressive neoplasm in cats. Little is known about the possible molecular mechanisms that may be involved in the initiation, maintenance and progression of FOSCC. Wnt signalling is critical in development and disease, including many mammalian cancers. In this study, we have investigated the expression of Wnt signalling related proteins using quantitative immunohistochemical techniques on tissue arrays. We constructed tissue arrays with 58 individual replicate tissue samples...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26655452/using-family-focused-garden-nutrition-and-physical-activity-programs-to-reduce-childhood-obesity-the-texas-go-eat-grow-pilot-study
#6
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Erica C Spears-Lanoix, E Lisako J McKyer, Alexandra Evans, William Alex McIntosh, Marcia Ory, Lisa Whittlesey, Alice Kirk, Deanna M Hoelscher, Judith L Warren
BACKGROUND: The TEXAS! GROW! EAT! GO! (TGEG) randomized, control trial is a 5-year study to measure the impact of a nutrition and gardening intervention and/or physical activity (PA) intervention on the weight status of third-grade students. This article describes the results of the pilot study to test the feasibility of two interventions and test the measures to be used in the main trial. METHODS: The pilot study was conducted in one school with third-grade students and their parents or guardians...
December 2015: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26465525/enhancing-the-stability-of-the-synchronization-of-multivariable-coupled-oscillators
#7
R Sevilla-Escoboza, R Gutiérrez, G Huerta-Cuellar, S Boccaletti, J Gómez-Gardeñes, A Arenas, J M Buldú
Synchronization processes in populations of identical networked oscillators are the focus of intense studies in physical, biological, technological, and social systems. Here we analyze the stability of the synchronization of a network of oscillators coupled through different variables. Under the assumption of an equal topology of connections for all variables, the master stability function formalism allows assessing and quantifying the stability properties of the synchronization manifold when the coupling is transferred from one variable to another...
September 2015: Physical Review. E, Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26382226/comparative-analysis-of-the-cancer-council-of-victoria-and-the-online-commonwealth-scientific-and-industrial-research-organisation-ffq
#8
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Samantha L Gardener, Stephanie R Rainey-Smith, S Lance Macaulay, Kevin Taddei, Alan Rembach, Paul Maruff, Kathryn A Ellis, Colin L Masters, Christopher C Rowe, David Ames, Jennifer B Keogh, Ralph N Martins
FFQ are commonly used to examine the association between diet and disease. They are the most practical method for usual dietary data collection as they are relatively inexpensive and easy to administer. In Australia, the Cancer Council of Victoria FFQ (CCVFFQ) version 2 and the online Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation FFQ (CSIROFFQ) are used. The aim of our study was to establish the level of agreement between nutrient intakes captured using the online CSIROFFQ and the paper-based CCVFFQ...
November 28, 2015: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25193256/backyard-chickens-in-the-united-states-a-survey-of-flock-owners
#9
C Elkhoraibi, R A Blatchford, M E Pitesky, J A Mench
Although it has become increasingly popular to keep backyard chickens in the United States, few studies have provided information about these flocks. An online survey of backyard chicken owners was conducted, advertised through Master Gardeners' websites, social platforms, and other sites. The survey had 56 questions about flock history, husbandry, health care, and owner attitudes and demographics. Surveys received (n = 1,487) came almost equally from urban, suburban, and rural areas. Most (71%) respondents owned fewer than 10 chickens and had kept chickens for less than 5 yr (70%)...
November 2014: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25157569/complete-mitochondrial-genome-of-eruca-sativa-mill-garden-rocket
#10
Yankun Wang, Pu Chu, Qing Yang, Shengxin Chang, Jianmei Chen, Maolong Hu, Rongzhan Guan
Eruca sativa (Cruciferae family) is an ancient crop of great economic and agronomic importance. Here, the complete mitochondrial genome of Eruca sativa was sequenced and annotated. The circular molecule is 247,696 bp long, with a G+C content of 45.07%, containing 33 protein-coding genes, three rRNA genes, and 18 tRNA genes. The Eruca sativa mitochondrial genome may be divided into six master circles and four subgenomic molecules via three pairwise large repeats, resulting in a more dynamic structure of the Eruca sativa mtDNA compared with other cruciferous mitotypes...
2014: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25133203/bird-diversity-and-distribution-in-relation-to-urban-landscape-types-in-northern-rwanda
#11
T Gatesire, D Nsabimana, A Nyiramana, J L Seburanga, M O Mirville
Using the point count method, linear mixed models, Shannon's diversity index, and Bray-Curtis cluster analysis, we conducted a study of the effect of urban fabric layout on bird diversity and distribution in northern Rwanda. The results showed a significant effect of city landscapes on bird richness and relative abundance; residential neighborhoods, institutional grounds, and informal settlements had the highest species diversity in comparison to other microlandscape types. Riversides were characterized by specialized bird species, commonly known to be restricted to wetland environments...
2014: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25070537/dietary-patterns-and-cognitive-decline-in-an-australian-study-of-ageing
#12
S L Gardener, S R Rainey-Smith, M B Barnes, H R Sohrabi, M Weinborn, Y Y Lim, K Harrington, K Taddei, Y Gu, A Rembach, C Szoeke, K A Ellis, C L Masters, S L Macaulay, C C Rowe, D Ames, J B Keogh, N Scarmeas, R N Martins
The aim of this paper was to investigate the association of three well-recognised dietary patterns with cognitive change over a 3-year period. Five hundred and twenty-seven healthy participants from the Australian Imaging, Biomarkers and Lifestyle study of ageing completed the Cancer Council of Victoria food frequency questionnaire at baseline and underwent a comprehensive neuropsychological assessment at baseline, 18 and 36 months follow-up. Individual neuropsychological test scores were used to construct composite scores for six cognitive domains and a global cognitive score...
July 2015: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24141083/erps-show-that-classroom-instructed-late-second-language-learners-rely-on-the-same-prosodic-cues-in-syntactic-parsing-as-native-speakers
#13
Stefanie Nickels, Bertram Opitz, Karsten Steinhauer
The loss of brain plasticity after a 'critical period' in childhood has often been argued to prevent late language learners from using the same neurocognitive mechanisms as native speakers and, therefore, from attaining a high level of second language (L2) proficiency [7,11]. However, more recent behavioral and electrophysiological research has challenged this 'Critical Period Hypothesis', demonstrating that even late L2 learners can display native-like performance and brain activation patterns [17], especially after longer periods of immersion in an L2 environment...
December 17, 2013: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24045454/distance-learning-improves-attainment-of-professional-milestones-in-the-early-years-of-surgical-training
#14
Paula J W Smith, Stephen J Wigmore, Anna Paisley, Peter Lamb, Jennifer M J Richards, Andrew J Robson, Erica Revie, Dermot McKeown, David Dewhurst, O James Garden
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of a surgical sciences e-learning programme in supporting the academic development of surgical trainees during their preparation for professional examination. BACKGROUND: In 2007, a 3-year online part-time Master of Surgical Sciences (MSc) degree programme was launched, utilizing an innovative platform with virtual case scenarios based on common surgical conditions addressed by the curriculum relating to the Membership Examination of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons (MRCS)...
November 2013: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23438359/harvest-for-health-gardening-intervention-feasibility-study-in-cancer-survivors
#15
Cindy K Blair, Avi Madan-Swain, Julie L Locher, Renee A Desmond, Jennifer de Los Santos, Olivia Affuso, Tony Glover, Kerry Smith, Joseph Carley, Mindy Lipsitz, Ayushe Sharma, Helen Krontiras, Alan Cantor, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried
BACKGROUND: Cancer survivors are at increased risk for second malignancies, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and functional decline. Evidence suggests that a healthful diet and physical activity may reduce the risk of chronic disease and improve health in this population. METHODS: We conducted a feasibility study to evaluate a vegetable gardening intervention that paired 12 adult and child cancer survivors with Master Gardeners to explore effects on fruit and vegetable intake, physical activity, quality-of-life, and physical function...
August 2013: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23101115/looking-for-a-good-book-reading-and-teaching-with-psychiatric-practitioner-memoirs
#16
Joan Masters
Memoirs can be more interesting to read than textbooks and are frequently just as informative. Many people have written excellent memoirs about their own or family member's psychiatric illness. However, psychiatric practitioner memoirs have the advantage of showing how an enthusiastic but novice clinician develops into a skilled practitioner, something students are usually eager to understand. Twenty-nine memoirs by psychiatric practitioners (nurses, advanced practice nurses, psychiatrists, and psychologists) were reviewed and critiqued for clinical accuracy and relevancy, positive role-modeling, advocacy, a promotion of a positive image of nursing, and suitability for use in teaching undergraduate nursing students; of these, 3 are outstanding books written by nurses ( The Comfort Garden: Tales from the Trauma Unit by Barkin and Tales from the page Chronicles and The Pager Chronicles Volume Two by Rancour) and one by psychiatrist(Psychward by Seager)...
October 2012: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23032941/adherence-to-a-mediterranean-diet-and-alzheimer-s-disease-risk-in-an-australian-population
#17
S Gardener, Y Gu, S R Rainey-Smith, J B Keogh, P M Clifton, S L Mathieson, K Taddei, A Mondal, V K Ward, N Scarmeas, M Barnes, K A Ellis, R Head, C L Masters, D Ames, S L Macaulay, C C Rowe, C Szoeke, R N Martins
The Mediterranean diet (MeDi), due to its correlation with a low morbidity and mortality for many chronic diseases, has been widely recognised as a healthy eating model. We aimed to investigate, in a cross-sectional study, the association between adherence to a MeDi and risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in a large, elderly, Australian cohort. Subjects in the Australian Imaging, Biomarkers and Lifestyle Study of Ageing cohort (723 healthy controls (HC), 98 MCI and 149 AD participants) completed the Cancer Council of Victoria Food Frequency Questionnaire...
October 2, 2012: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22726877/role-of-clinician-s-experience-and-implant-design-on-implant-stability-an-ex-vivo-study-in-artificial-soft-bones
#18
Georgios E Romanos, Abdulaziz Basha-Hijazi, Bhumija Gupta, Yan-Fang Ren, Hans Malmstrom
OBJECTIVES: Clinical experience in implant placement is important in order to prevent implant failures. However, the implant design affects the primary implant stability (PS) especially in poor quality bones. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare the effect of clinician surgical experience on PS, when placing different type of implant designs. METHODS: A total of 180 implants (90 parallel walled-P and 90 tapered-T) were placed in freshly slaughtered cow ribs...
April 2014: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22232825/-mastering-nature-a-colonial-wager-botany-and-agronomy-in-guiana-and-the-antilles-in-the-17th-and-18th-centuries
#19
F Regourd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1999: Revue Française D'histoire D'outre-mer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22172094/three-dimensional-accuracy-of-guided-implant-placement-indirect-assessment-of-clinical-outcomes
#20
Susanne Platzer, Georg Bertha, Alexander Heschl, Walther A Wegscheider, Martin Lorenzoni
PURPOSE: Precise preoperative implant planning and its exact intraoperative transfer are crucial for successful implant-supported rehabilitation of partially or completely edentulous patients. In the present pilot study, optical laser scanning was used to evaluate deviations between three-dimensional computer-assisted planned and actual implant positions by indirect methods. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Five patients receiving a total of 15 implants were included in this study...
October 2013: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
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