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Hepatobiliary interventions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907254/recent-advances-in-the-diagnosis-and-detection-of-opisthorchis-viverrini-sensu-lato-in-human-and-intermediate-hosts-for-use-in-control-and-elimination-programs
#1
Weerachai Saijuntha, Kanyarat Duenngai, Sirikachorn Tangkawattana, Trevor N Petney, Ross H Andrews, Paiboon Sithithaworn
Opisthorchiasis is a neglected tropical disease, caused by infection with the fish-borne trematode Opisthorchis viverrini sensu lato that afflicts more than 10million people in Southeast Asia, including Thailand, Lao PDR, Vietnam and Cambodia. The disease is characterized by a chronic infection that induces hepatobiliary inflammation, especially periductal fibrosis, which can be detected by ultrasonography. This chronic inflammation eventually leads to cholangiocarcinoma (CCA), a usually fatal bile duct cancer that develops in approximately 1% of O...
2018: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907252/opisthorchis-viverrini-draft-genome-biomedical-implications-and-future-avenues
#2
Neil D Young, Robin B Gasser
Opisthorchiasis is a neglected tropical disease of major proportion, caused by the carcinogenic, Asian liver fluke, Opisthorchis viverrini. This hepatobiliary disease is known to be associated with malignant cancer (cholangiocarcinoma, CCA) and affects millions of people in Southeast Asia. No vaccine is available, and only one drug (praziquantel) is routinely employed against the parasite. Despite technological advances, little is known about the molecular biology of the fluke itself and the disease complex that it causes in humans...
2018: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870294/discrepancies-between-reasons-of-palliative-care-team-consultation-and-palliative-care-team-activities
#3
Yutaka Hatano, Yuko Shikata, Hiroaki Izumi, Akinori Kawaguchi
BACKGROUND: Palliative care team (PCT) is a common type of palliative care services. However, distress in cancer patients may be underestimated by hospital staff. Reasons for PCT consultation may be inconsistent with patients' actual needs. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the proportions of discrepancy between the reasons for PCT consultation and actual PCT activities. DESIGN AND METHODS: We performed an observational study based on datasets of PCT activities at Kindai University Hospital...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737954/-90-y-radioembolization-for-hepatic-malignancy-in-patients-with-previous-biliary-intervention-multicenter-analysis-of-hepatobiliary-infections
#4
Kavi K Devulapalli, Nicholas Fidelman, Michael C Soulen, Matthew Miller, Matthew S Johnson, Eric Addo, Ghassan El-Haddad, Charles Nutting, James Morrison, Khashayar Farsad, R Peter Lokken, Ron C Gaba, Jacob Fleming, Daniel B Brown, Sharon W Kwan, Steven C Rose, Kevin A Pennycooke, David M Liu, Sarah B White, Ripal Gandhi, Ann A Lazar, Robert K Kerlan
Purpose To determine the frequency of hepatobiliary infections after transarterial radioembolization (TARE) with yttrium 90 (90 Y) in patients with liver malignancy and a history of biliary intervention. Materials and Methods For this retrospective study, records of all consecutive patients with liver malignancy and history of biliary intervention treated with TARE at 14 centers between 2005 and 2015 were reviewed. Data regarding liver function, 90 Y dosimetry, antibiotic prophylaxis, and bowel preparation prophylaxis were collected...
May 8, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719745/acute-acalculous-cholecystitis-in-the-setting-of-negative-ultrasound-and-computed-tomography-scan-of-the-abdomen
#5
Muhammad Shafiq, Yousaf Zafar
Acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) is most commonly seen after surgery in critically ill patients. Early diagnosis and treatment is the key in the management of AAC. Ultrasound is the commonly used first modality for right upper quadrant (RUQ) pain with sensitivity equal to or greater than 80% for AAC. Computed tomography (CT) scan is reported to have a sensitivity close to 90% and if both the ultrasound and CT scan are combined, it further increases the sensitivity for the diagnosis of AAC. It is unlikely for AAC to be present in the setting of both negative ultrasound and CT scan of the abdomen...
February 28, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700559/-primary-sclerosing-cholangitis-current-diagnostics-and-treatment
#6
REVIEW
T Liwinski, C Schramm
Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a chronic cholestatic liver disease of unknown etiology. Characteristic features are multifocal strictures and dilatations of the bile ducts. In 60-80 % of cases the PSC is strongly associated with chronic inflammatory bowel disease, mostly in the form of pancolitis. The diagnosis is established based on detection of typical cholangiographic lesions of the bile ducts and exclusion of secondary causes of sclerosing cholangitis. There is no approved medical treatment, but in Germany ursodeoxycholic acid is frequently used...
June 2018: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618581/causes-and-predictors-of-30-day-readmission-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-and-cardiogenic-shock
#7
Mahek Shah, Shantanu Patil, Brijesh Patel, Manyoo Agarwal, Carlos D Davila, Lohit Garg, Sahil Agrawal, Navin K Kapur, Ulrich P Jorde
BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) occurs as a result of irreversible damage to cardiac myocytes secondary to lack of blood supply. Cardiogenic shock complicating AMI has significant associated morbidity and mortality, and data on postdischarge outcomes are limited. METHODS AND RESULTS: We derived the study cohort of patients with AMI and cardiogenic shock from the 2013 to 2014 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project National Readmission Database. Incidence, predictors, and causes of 30-day readmissions were analyzed...
April 2018: Circulation. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609952/rethinking-the-pgy-1-basic-clinical-year-a-canadian-national-survey-of-its-educational-value-for-diagnostic-radiology-residents
#8
Kathryn E Darras, Abigail A Arnold, Colin Mar, Bruce B Forster, Linda Probyn, Silvia D Chang
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Recently, the relevance of the postgraduate year 1 (PGY-1) Basic Clinical Year for radiology residents has been questioned. The purpose of this study was to determine the attitude of radiologists and trainees toward this year and which clinical rotations they perceived as most valuable to clinical practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Following institutional review board approval, an anonymous online survey was administered to Canadian radiologists and radiology trainees...
March 30, 2018: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548009/duration-of-exposure-to-multiple-antibiotics-is-associated-with-increased-risk-of-vre-bacteraemia-a-nested-case-control-study
#9
Theodore Gouliouris, Ben Warne, Edward J P Cartwright, Luke Bedford, Chathika K Weerasuriya, Kathy E Raven, Nick M Brown, M Estée Török, Direk Limmathurotsakul, Sharon J Peacock
Background: VRE bacteraemia has a high mortality and continues to defy control. Antibiotic risk factors for VRE bacteraemia have not been adequately defined. We aimed to determine the risk factors for VRE bacteraemia focusing on duration of antibiotic exposure. Methods: A retrospective matched nested case-control study was conducted amongst hospitalized patients at Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust (CUH) from 1 January 2006 to 31 December 2012...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525612/a-novel-combined-interventional-radiologic-and-hepatobiliary-surgical-approach-to-a-complex-traumatic-hilar-biliary-stricture
#10
Rachel E NeMoyer, Mihir M Shah, Omar Hasan, John L Nosher, Darren R Carpizo
INTRODUCTION: Benign strictures of the biliary system are challenging and uncommon conditions requiring a multidisciplinary team for appropriate management. PRESENTATION OF CASE: The patient is a 32-year-old male that developed a hilar stricture as sequelae of a gunshot wound. Due to the complex nature of the stricture and scarring at the porta hepatis a combined interventional radiologic and surgical approach was carried out to approach the hilum of the right and left hepatic ducts...
2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433797/higher-transaminase-levels-in-the-postoperative-period-after-orthotopic-heart-transplantation-are-associated-with-worse-survival
#11
Eniko Holndonner-Kirst, Adam Nagy, Nikoletta Rahel Czobor, Levente Fazekas, Daniel Janos Lex, Balazs Sax, Istvan Hartyanszky, Bela Merkely, Janos Gal, Andrea Szekely
OBJECTIVE: Preoperative liver function in heart failure patients is associated with extensive functional, structural, and hemodynamic abnormalities. The authors hypothesized that perioperative liver dysfunction is associated with worse 2-year survival after orthotopic heart transplantation. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Single-center, university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: The study comprised 209 consecutive patients undergoing heart transplantation...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430111/scintigraphic-evaluation-of-esophageal-motility-and-gastroesophageal-reflux-in-patients-presenting-with-upper-respiratory-tract-symptoms
#12
Jaykanth Amalachandran, Shelley Simon, Indirani Elangoven, Avani Jain, Thangalakshmi Sivathapandi
Purpose of Study: The purpose is to evaluate the findings and utility of esophageal transit scintigraphy (ETS) and gastroesophageal reflux scintigraphy (GES) in patients presenting with upper respiratory tract (URT) symptoms suspected to be due to gastroesophageal reflux (GER) disease. Materials and Methods: Thirty patients aged between 19 and 60 years underwent nasopharyngolaryngoscopy (NPL), ETS, and GES. Correlation between GER, esophageal motility, and NPL was evaluated...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344710/radiation-doses-to-operators-in-hepatobiliary-interventional-procedures
#13
Sarah Degiorgio, Roberta Gerasia, Ferdinanda Liotta, Luigi Maruzzelli, Kelvin Cortis, Roberto Miraglia, Angelo Luca
PURPOSE: The primary aim of this study is to provide a summary of operators' radiation doses during hepatobiliary fluoroscopic guided procedures. In addition, patient dose in these procedures was also documented. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 283 transarterial chemoembolisation (TACE) and 302 biliary procedures, including 52 percutaneous transhepatic cholangiogram (PTC), 36 bilioplasty and 214 biliary catheter changes (BCC) performed over 14 months, were included...
January 17, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298787/spontaneous-right-hepatic-artery-branch-gallbladder-fistula-revealed-by-haemobilia-and-upper-cataclysmic-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#14
Sana Landolsi, Manel Landolsi, Saber Mannai
Spontaneous right hepatic artery branch gallbladder fistula is a rare condition. Our case reported a spontaneous fistula between the right branch of the hepatic artery and the gall bladder. It constitutes a rare cause of haemobilia. In fact, the most common aetiology of haemobilia is traumatic or iatrogenic secondary to hepatobiliary surgery or interventions. Diagnosis of vascular-biliary fistula is not easy. The gallbladder endoluminal clot can mimic a mass, as in our patient. Selective arterial angiography is helpful in identifying the source of gastrointestinal haemorrhage...
January 3, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291539/management-dilemma-of-cholecysto-colonic-fistula-case-report
#15
Waleed Gibreel, Lawrence L Greiten, Ahmed Alsayed, Henry J Schiller
INTRODUCTION: Cholecystocolonic fistula is a rare condition and is found in roughly 1 in every 10,000. It represents 6.3% to 26.5% of all cholecystenteric fistulas (Chowbey et al., 2006; Angrisani et al., 2001; Yamashita et al., 1997). Cholecystocolonic fistula is the second most common intestinal fistula after cholecystoduodenal fistula (Costi et al., 2009). Rarity of this condition, atypical presentation, diagnostic and management challenges, makes it a unique surgical entity. CASE PRESENTATION: A 77-year old male presented with progressive abdominal distension and diarrhea...
2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284510/the-napressim-trial-the-use-of-low-dose-prophylactic-naloxone-infusion-to-prevent-respiratory-depression-with-intrathecally-administered-morphine-in-elective-hepatobiliary-surgery-a-study-protocol-and-statistical-analysis-plan-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
David Cosgrave, Marie Galligan, Era Soukhin, Victoria McMullan, Siobhan McGuinness, Anand Puttappa, Niamh Conlon, John Boylan, Rabia Hussain, Peter Doran, Alistair Nichol
BACKGROUND: Intrathecally administered morphine is effective as part of a postoperative analgesia regimen following major hepatopancreaticobiliary surgery. However, the potential for postoperative respiratory depression at the doses required for effective analgesia currently limits its clinical use. The use of a low-dose, prophylactic naloxone infusion following intrathecally administered morphine may significantly reduce postoperative respiratory depression. The NAPRESSIM trial aims to answer this question...
December 29, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226107/cholangitis-diagnosis-treatment-and-prognosis
#17
REVIEW
Amir Houshang Mohammad Alizadeh
Cholangitis is a serious life-threatening situation affecting the hepatobiliary system. This review provides an update regarding the clinical and pathological features of various forms of cholangitis. A comprehensive search was performed in the PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Knowledge databases. It was found that the etiology and pathogenesis of cholangitis are heterogeneous. Cholangitis can be categorized as primary sclerosing (PSC), secondary (acute) cholangitis, and a recently characterized form, known as IgG4-associated cholangitis (IAC)...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Translational Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152476/early-recovery-pathway-for-hepatectomy-data-driven-liver-resection-care-and-recovery
#18
REVIEW
Susanne G Warner, Zeljka Jutric, Liana Nisimova, Yuman Fong
In recent years, great progress has been made toward safer hepatobiliary surgical interventions. This has resulted in more widely available treatments for patients who in the past were ineligible for curative resection of primary liver tumors, liver metastases, and advanced biliary tumors. However, the rise in procedures has seen increasingly heterogeneous perioperative management, yielding strikingly disparate outcomes. A number of groups have attempted to standardize perioperative care in an effort to create enhanced recovery pathways (ERPs) and provide clinicians with a dependable roadmap to success following hepatectomy...
October 2017: Hepatobiliary Surgery and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150719/preoperative-optimization-for-major-hepatic-resection
#19
REVIEW
Sarah Walcott-Sapp, Kevin G Billingsley
PURPOSE: Major hepatic resections are performed for primary hepatobiliary malignancies, metastatic disease, and benign lesions. Patients with chronic liver disease, including cirrhosis and steatosis, are at an elevated risk of malnutrition and impaired strength and exercise capacity, deficits which cause increased risk of postoperative complications and mortality. The aims of this report are to discuss the pathophysiology of changes in nutrition, exercise capacity, and muscle strength in patient populations likely to require major hepatectomy, and review recommendations for preoperative evaluation and optimization...
February 2018: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131761/2017-version-of-li-rads-for-ct-and-mr-imaging-an-update
#20
REVIEW
Khaled M Elsayes, Jonathan C Hooker, Michelle M Agrons, Ania Z Kielar, An Tang, Kathryn J Fowler, Victoria Chernyak, Mustafa R Bashir, Yuko Kono, Richard K Do, Donald G Mitchell, Aya Kamaya, Elizabeth M Hecht, Claude B Sirlin
The Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS) is a reporting system created for the standardized interpretation of liver imaging findings in patients who are at risk for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This system was developed with the cooperative and ongoing efforts of an American College of Radiology-supported committee of diagnostic radiologists with expertise in liver imaging and valuable input from hepatobiliary surgeons, hepatologists, hepatopathologists, and interventional radiologists. In this article, the 2017 version of LI-RADS for computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging is reviewed...
November 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
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