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Luteolin AND mTOR

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853236/regulation-of-sirt1-nrf2-tnf-%C3%AE-signaling-pathway-by-luteolin-is-critical-to-attenuate-acute-mercuric-chloride-exposure-induced-hepatotoxicity
#1
Daqian Yang, Xiao Tan, Zhanjun Lv, Biying Liu, Ruiqi Baiyun, Jingjing Lu, Zhigang Zhang
Inorganic mercury, though a key component of pediatric vaccines, is an environmental toxicant threatening human health via accumulating oxidative stress in part. Luteolin has been of great interest because of its antiinflammatory, anticarcinogenic and antioxidative effects. Here we hypothesized that luteolin would attenuate hepatotoxicity induced by acute inorganic mercury exposure. Kunming mice were treated with luteolin (100 mg/kg) 24 h after administration of 4 mg/kg mercuric chloride (HgCl2). The results showed that luteolin ameliorated HgCl2 induced anemia and hepatotoxicity, regulating radical oxygen species (ROS) production and hepatocyte viability in vitro and oxidative stress and apoptosis in vivo...
November 17, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659301/anti-ageing-active-ingredients-from-herbs-and-nutraceuticals-used-in-traditional-chinese-medicine-pharmacological-mechanisms-and-implications-for-drug-discovery
#2
REVIEW
Chun-Yan Shen, Jian-Guo Jiang, Li Yang, Da-Wei Wang, Wei Zhu
Ageing, an unanswered question in the medical field, is a multifactorial process that results in a progressive functional decline in cells, tissues and organisms. Although it is impossible to prevent ageing, slowing down the rate of ageing is entirely possible to achieve. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is characterized by the nourishing of life and its role in anti-ageing is getting more and more attention. This article summarizes the work done on the natural products from TCM that are reported to have anti-ageing effects, in the past two decades...
September 23, 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580988/luteolin-inhibits-proliferation-and-induces-apoptosis-of-human-placental-choriocarcinoma-cells-by-blocking-the-pi3k-akt-pathway-and-regulating-sterol-regulatory-element-binding-protein-activity
#3
Whasun Lim, Changwon Yang, Fuller W Bazer, Gwonhwa Song
Luteolin is a natural compound known for its anticancer effects on various human cancers by regulating signal transduction cascades. However, the effects of luteolin on human placental choriocarcinoma are not known. Results of the present study revealed that luteolin decreased viability of JAR and JEG-3 cells, which are valuable placental models, in a dose-dependent manner, and it induced apoptosis and loss of mitochondrial membrane potential in JAR and JEG-3 cells. The results also suggested that the PI3K/AKT pathway was inhibited by luteolin treatment of JAR and JEG-3 cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner...
October 2016: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26143261/the-association-of-palmitoylethanolamide-with-luteolin-decreases-autophagy-in-spinal-cord-injury
#4
Rosalba Siracusa, Irene Paterniti, Giuseppe Bruschetta, Marika Cordaro, Daniela Impellizzeri, Rosalia Crupi, Salvatore Cuzzocrea, Emanuela Esposito
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating condition of the central nervous system (CNS) often resulting in severe functional impairment and for which there are not yet restorative therapies. In the present study, we performed a widely used model of SCI to determine the neuroprotective propriety of palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) and the antioxidant effect of a flavonoid luteolin (Lut), given as a co-ultramicronized compound co-ultraPEALut. In particular, by western blot analysis and immunofluorescence staining, we investigated whether this compound (at the dose of 1 mg/kg) was able to modulate autophagy...
August 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25724325/protection-of-luteolin-7-o-glucoside-against-doxorubicin-induced-injury-through-pten-akt-and-erk-pathway-in-h9c2-cells
#5
Hong Yao, Zhimei Shang, Penghong Wang, Shuixian Li, Qianyun Zhang, Huiqin Tian, Dongmei Ren, Xiuzhen Han
Luteolin-7-O-glucoside (LUTG) was isolated from the plants of Dracocephalum tanguticum Maxim. Previous research has showed that LUTG pretreatment had a significant protective effect against doxorubicin (DOX)-induced cardiotoxicity by reducing intracellular calcium overload and leakage of creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase. But the underlying mechanisms have not been completely elucidated. In the present study, we investigated the effects of LUTG on H9c2 cell morphology, viability, apoptosis, reactive oxygen species generation, and the mitochondrial transmembrane potentials...
April 2016: Cardiovascular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25040634/antifibrotic-effects-of-luteolin-on-hepatic-stellate-cells-and-liver-fibrosis-by-targeting-akt-mtor-p70s6k-and-tgf%C3%AE-smad-signalling-pathways
#6
Jie Li, Xingxia Li, Weiheng Xu, Shaozhan Wang, Zhenlin Hu, Qing Zhang, Xing Deng, Jing Wang, Junping Zhang, Cheng Guo
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Luteolin has been reported to exert antifibrogenic effects in CCl4 -induced hepatic fibrosis in mice. However, limited information is available on the cellular and molecular events responsible for this effect. This study focused on the action of luteolin on hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) and the relevant signalling molecules and pathways as well as the antifibrotic efficacy in multiple models of fibrosis. METHODS: The in vitro effect of luteolin on rat HSCs and HSC-T6 cells was assessed using proliferation assays, invasion chamber, quantitative real-time PCR analysis and Western blotting...
April 2015: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24471765/luteolin-is-effective-in-the-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-model-with-l858r-t790m-egf-receptor-mutation-and-erlotinib-resistance
#7
Zhuan Hong, Xiang Cao, Na Li, Yizhou Zhang, Lei Lan, Yi Zhou, Xiaolong Pan, Lei Shen, Zhimin Yin, Lan Luo
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is one of the most commonly diagnosed malignancies in the world. Small-molecule inhibitors of the EGF receptor's tyrosine kinase domain (TKIs), including gefitinib and erlotinib, have been widely used for treating NSCLC. Unfortunately, nearly all patients after initially experiencing a marked improvement while on these drugs, eventually progress to acquire resistance to TKIs. Because there is no effective therapeutic strategy to treat TKI-resistant NSCLC, we evaluated the effects of luteolin, a naturally occurring flavanoid, on T790M mutant NSCLC cells...
June 2014: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23688533/is-a-subtype-of-autism-an-allergy-of-the-brain
#8
REVIEW
Theoharis C Theoharides
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are characterized by deficits in social communication and language and the presence of repetitive behaviors that affect as many as 1 in 50 US children. Perinatal stress and environmental factors appear to play a significant role in increasing the risk for ASDs. There is no definitive pathogenesis, which therefore significantly hinders the development of a cure. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify publications using basic or clinical data that suggest a possible association between atopic symptoms and ASDs, as well as evidence of how such an association could lead to brain disease, that may explain the pathogenesis of ASD...
May 2013: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23570274/focal-brain-inflammation-and-autism
#9
REVIEW
Theoharis C Theoharides, Shahrzad Asadi, Arti B Patel
Increasing evidence indicates that brain inflammation is involved in the pathogenesis of neuropsychiatric diseases. Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are characterized by social and learning disabilities that affect as many as 1/80 children in the USA. There is still no definitive pathogenesis or reliable biomarkers for ASD, thus significantly curtailing the development of effective therapies. Many children with ASD regress at about age 3 years, often after a specific event such as reaction to vaccination, infection, stress or trauma implying some epigenetic triggers, and may constitute a distinct phenotype...
2013: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23300633/luteolin-inhibits-human-prostate-tumor-growth-by-suppressing-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-receptor-2-mediated-angiogenesis
#10
Poyil Pratheeshkumar, Young-Ok Son, Amit Budhraja, Xin Wang, Songze Ding, Lei Wang, Andrew Hitron, Jeong-Chae Lee, Donghern Kim, Sasidharan Padmaja Divya, Gang Chen, Zhuo Zhang, Jia Luo, Xianglin Shi
Angiogenesis, the formation of new blood vessels from pre-existing vascular beds, is essential for tumor growth, invasion, and metastasis. Luteolin is a common dietary flavonoid found in fruits and vegetables. We studied the antiangiogenic activity of luteolin using in vitro, ex vivo, and in vivo models. In vitro studies using rat aortic ring assay showed that luteolin at non-toxic concentrations significantly inhibited microvessel sprouting and proliferation, migration, invasion and tube formation of endothelial cells, which are key events in the process of angiogenesis...
2012: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17620442/sensitizing-her2-overexpressing-cancer-cells-to-luteolin-induced-apoptosis-through-suppressing-p21-waf1-cip1-expression-with-rapamycin
#11
Chun-Te Chiang, Tzong-Der Way, Jen-Kun Lin
HER2 overexpression, which confers resistance to various therapeutic regimens, correlates with a poor clinical prognosis. In this study, we showed that luteolin, a naturally occurring flavonoid, is a potent stimulator of HER2 degradation. Luteolin effectively inhibited cell proliferation and induced apoptosis in HER2-overexpressing cancer cells. Furthermore, we found that low doses of luteolin up-regulated p21 expression and high doses of luteolin down-regulated its expression. Examination of the Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling revealed that this signaling was only transiently inhibited by low doses of luteolin, which suggested that the inability to cause sustained Akt/mTOR inhibition may contribute to p21 induction and provide a survival advantage to HER2-overexpressing cancer cells...
July 2007: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
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