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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674996/association-between-thyroid-hormones-thyroid-antibodies-and-cardiometabolic-factors-in-non-obese-individuals-with-normal-thyroid-function
#1
Jia Liu, Yan Duan, Jing Fu, Guang Wang
Background: Hypothyroidism is an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, and autoimmune thyroiditis (AIT) is the leading cause of hypothyroidism. Recent studies showed that even AIT patients with euthyroidism still had an increased number of early atherosclerotic lesions. However, the precise mechanism is not yet known. This study aimed to investigate the association of thyroid function, thyroid autoimmunity, and cardiometabolic risk factors in non-obese AIT patients with euthyroidism...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674313/key-lessons-and-impact-of-the-growing-healthy-mhealth-program-on-milk-feeding-timing-of-introduction-of-solids-and-infant-growth-quasi-experimental-study
#2
Rachel A Laws, Elizabeth A Denney-Wilson, Sarah Taki, Catherine G Russell, Miaobing Zheng, Eloise-Kate Litterbach, Kok-Leong Ong, Sharyn J Lymer, Rosalind Elliott, Karen J Campbell
BACKGROUND: The first year of life is an important window to initiate healthy infant feeding practices to promote healthy growth. Interventions delivered by mobile phone (mHealth) provide a novel approach for reaching parents; however, little is known about the effectiveness of mHealth for child obesity prevention. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of an mHealth obesity prevention intervention in terms of reach, acceptability, and impact on key infant feeding outcomes...
April 19, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674170/theory-of-mind-as-a-link-between-oxytocin-and-maternal-behavior
#3
Anna L MacKinnon, C Sue Carter, Nancy Feeley, Ian Gold, Barbara Hayton, Sangeetha Santhakumaran, Phyllis Zelkowitz
BACKGROUND: Oxytocin is a neuropeptide associated with maternal behavior. However the mechanisms underlying this link remain unclear. In a previous study we observed an indirect effect of increased plasma oxytocin during late pregnancy on early postpartum maternal interactive behavior via theory of mind, as assessed by the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test (RMET). The current study aimed to extend these findings by testing whether this indirect effect would hold longitudinally for maternal behavior at 2-3 years postpartum, as well as for an additional observational measure of maternal mind-mindedness...
March 27, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667054/connecting-gastrointestinal-cancer-risk-to-cadmium-and-lead-exposure-in-the-chaoshan-population-of-southeast-china
#4
Xueqiong Lin, Lin Peng, Xijin Xu, Yanrong Chen, Yuling Zhang, Xia Huo
Cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) pose a serious threat to human health because of its carcinogenicity. China ranks first according to the Global Cancer Report for 2014 in newly diagnosed gastrointestinal cancers and cancer deaths. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association of Cd and Pb burden with the risk of gastrointestinal cancers in a hospital-based case-control study from southern regions of China, Chaoshan area. A total of 279 hospitalized patients were recruited in this study, of which 167 were gastrointestinal cancer cases (70 esophageal cancer, 51 gastric cancer, and 46 colorectal cancer), and 112 controls were recruited from two hospitals in the Chaoshan area of southeast China...
April 17, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665650/selenium-nanoparticles-prevents-lead-acetate-induced-hypothyroidism-and-oxidative-damage-of-thyroid-tissues-in-male-rats-through-modulation-of-selenoenzymes-and-suppression-of-mir-224
#5
Hebatallah Husseini Atteia, Manar Hamed Arafa, Kousalya Prabahar
Selenium nanoparticles (Se-NPs) are customizable drug delivery vehicles that show good bioavailability, higher efficacy and lower toxicity than ordinary Se. Pre-treatment of male rats with these NPs has been recently shown to exert a protective effect against chromium-induced thyroid dysfunction. This study, therefore, aimed to investigate and characterize the potential protective mechanism of Se-NPs against lead (Pb) acetate-induced thyrotoxicity. We found that prophylactic and concurrent treatment of Pb acetate-exposed rats with Nano-Se (0...
March 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665466/dose-response-relationships-between-urinary-phthalate-metabolites-and-serum-thyroid-hormones-among-waste-plastic-recycling-workers-in-china
#6
Xian Wang, Li Wang, Jiafei Zhang, Wenjun Yin, Jian Hou, Youjian Zhang, Chen Hu, Guiyang Wang, Rong Zhang, Yong Tao, Jing Yuan
BACKGROUND: Exposure to phthalates may affect thyroid hormone status. However, there were inconsistent observations for the associations of phthalates exposure with altered thyroid hormones. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate effects of urinary excretion of phthalate metabolites on the levels of thyroid hormones among workers engaged in waste plastic recycling in China. METHODS: We measured serum levels of thyroid hormones and urinary levels of eight phthalate metabolites among 317 participants (165 workers engaged in waste plastic recycling and 152 farmers), analyzed relationships between urinary phthalate metabolites and thyroid function parameters by multivariate linear regression analysis and structural equation modelling as well as assessed the dose-response relationships between them by restricted cubic spline functions...
April 14, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662265/thyroid-hormone-status-in-patients-with-severe-selenium-deficiency
#7
Masanobu Kawai, Yasuko Shoji, Shinsuke Onuma, Yuri Etani, Shinobu Ida
Selenium (Se) is an essential trace element that is involved in numerous biological processes in the form of a selenoprotein such as iodothyronine deiodinase (DIO). Se deficiency may prevent the conversion of T4 to T3 through reducing DIO expression and thereby affecting thyroid hormone status. However, this has not been well documented in humans. In this study, to clarify the association between Se and thyroid hormone status, we investigated the thyroid hormone levels in patients with severe Se deficiency (< 2 µg/dl)...
2018: Clinical Pediatric Endocrinology: Case Reports and Clinical Investigations: Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660226/delays-in-lung-cancer-referral-pathways-between-rural-and-urban-patients-in-north-queensland-a-mixed-methods-study
#8
R Verma, S Pathmanathan, Z Otty, J Binder, V Vangaveti, P Buttner, S Sabesan
INTRODUCTION: Aims of this study were to examine time delays in lung cancer referral pathways in North Queensland (NQ), Australia, and explore patients' perspective of factors causing these delays. METHODS: Prospective study of patients attending three cancer centres in Townsville, Cairns and Mackay in NQ from 2009 to 2012. Times along referral pathway were divided as follows: Onset of symptoms to treatment (T1), symptoms to general practitioner(GP) (T2), GP to specialist (T3), and Specialist to treatment (T4)...
April 16, 2018: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658834/alterations-in-thyroid-hormone-levels-following-growth-hormone-replacement-exert-complex-biological-effects
#9
Nigel Glynn, Helena Kenny, Tarik Salim, David J Halsall, Diarmuid Smith, Tommy Kyaw Tun, John H McDermott, William Tormey, Christopher J Thompson, Brendan McAdam, Donal O' Gorman, Amar Agha
OBJECTIVE: Alterations in the thyroid axis are frequently observed following growth hormone (GH) replacement, but uncertainty exists regarding their clinical significance. We aimed to compare fluctuations in circulating thyroid hormone levels, induced by GH, to changes in sensitive biological markers of thyroid hormone action. METHODS: This was a prospective observational clinical study. Twenty hypopituitary men were studied before and after GH replacement. Serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), thyroid hormones, and insulin-like growth factor 1 were measured...
April 2018: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658760/child-internalizing-problems-and-mother-child-discrepancies-in-maternal-rejection-evidence-for-bidirectional-associations
#10
Sascha Hein, Logan Stone, Mei Tan, Baptiste Barbot, Suniya S Luthar, Elena L Grigorenko
We investigated the bidirectional associations between mother-child discrepancies in their perceptions of maternal rejection and children's internalizing problems over 10 years from pre/early adolescence to early adulthood. Mothers' reports of rejection and involvement in the parent-child relationship, the children's perception of the mother's rejection, and children's self-report of internalizing problems were collected from a sample of 360 low-income ethnically diverse urban mother-child dyads at three time points (T1, T2, and T3) with 5-year intervals...
March 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657391/bacteriological-cure-rate-and-changes-in-milk-composition-in-mastitis-vaccinated-ewes-affected-with-subclinical-mastitis
#11
Myassar O Alekish, Z Bani Ismail, H M Hammouri, M H Daradka, S Al Taha, I Olymat
Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of using a commercially-available polyvalent mastitis vaccine on the bacteriological cure rate of existing subclinical mastitis in Awassi sheep. Materials and Methods: A total of 164 lactating ewes were divided into two main groups according to udder health and milk somatic cell count (SCC): Group 1=normal (N; n=80) and Group 2=subclinical mastitis (SC; n=84). Each group was then subdivided randomly into two treatment groups: N vaccinated (Nvax ; n=38), N non-vaccinated (Nnvax ; n=42), SC vaccinated (SCvax ; n=42), and SC non-vaccinated (SCnvax ; n=42)...
February 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657079/functional-selectivity-of-cardiac-preganglionic-sympathetic-neurones-in-the-rabbit-heart
#12
Reshma A Chauhan, John Coote, Emily Allen, Pott Pongpaopattanakul, Kieran E Brack, G Andre Ng
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown regional and functional selectivity of cardiac postganglionic neurones indicating there might exist a similar heterogeneity in spinal segmental preganglionic neurones, which requires further investigation. METHODS: Right and left sympathetic chains were electrically stimulated from T6 to T1 in the innervated isolated rabbit heart preparation (n = 18). Sinus rate, left ventricular pressure, retrograde ventriculo-atrial conduction, monophasic action potential duration, effective refractory period, ventricular fibrillation threshold and electrical restitution were measured...
March 27, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656705/suppressive-effects-of-neonatal-bisphenol-a-on-the-neuroendocrine-system
#13
R G Ahmed, G H Walaa, F S Asmaa
The aim of this study was to assess the effects of neonatal bisphenol A (BPA) administration on neuroendocrine features (the thyroid-brain axis). BPA (20 or 40 µg/kg) was orally administered to juvenile male albino rats ( Rattus norvegicus) from postnatal days (PNDs) 15 to 30. Both doses resulted in lower serum thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine (T3), and growth hormone levels and higher thyrotropin level than the control levels at PND 30. In the neonatal cerebellum and cerebrum, vacuolation, pyknosis, edema, degenerative changes, and reductions in the size and number of the cells were observed in both treated groups...
January 1, 2018: Toxicology and Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653103/sterol-regulatory-element-binding-protein-1-trans-activates-25-hydroxy-vitamin-d-3-24-hydroxylase-gene-expression-in-renal-proximal-tubular-cells
#14
Tomohiro Kagawa, Mina Kozai, Masashi Masuda, Nagakatsu Harada, Otoki Nakahashi, Mari Tajiri, Ryouhei Yoshikawa, Mari Nakao, Yuichiro Takei, Masayuki Iwano, Eiji Takeda, Yutaka Taketani, Hironori Yamamoto
The physiological activity of the steroid derived hormone vitamin D is regulated by several enzymatic steps. Both 25-hydroxy vitamin D3 1α-hydroxylase (CYP27B1) and 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 24-hydroxylase (CYP24A1) modulate blood levels of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 , an activated form of vitamin D. We previously demonstrated that CYP27B1 expression was trans-activated by sterol regulatory element binding protein 1 (SREBP1), although whether SREBP1 also regulates CYP24A1 transcription was unclear. Here we investigated the ability of SREBP1 to affect CYP24A1 transcription...
April 10, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653035/sugarcane-growth-and-nutrition-levels-are-differentially-affected-by-the-application-of-pgpr-and-cane-waste
#15
Roberta M Santos, Saveetha Kandasamy, Everlon Cid Rigobelo
Mineral and organic fertilization can be optimized by using rhizobacteria which increases dry matter, yield, and nutrients in the soil and plant, among the other biological inputs. However, the discovery of single microbes or a consortium that can benefit plants has been a challenge. In this context, this study aimed to evaluate the effects of Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus pumilus combined with mineral fertilization and sugar and alcohol industry by-products in presprouted and the initial growth phase of sugar cane seedlings...
April 13, 2018: MicrobiologyOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642933/impact-of-vitamin-e-and-selenium-on-antioxidant-capacity-and-lipid-oxidation-of-cheddar-cheese-in-accelerated-ripening
#16
Maryam Batool, Muhammad Nadeem, Muhammad Imran, Nabila Gulzar, Muhammad Qamar Shahid, Muhammad Shahbaz, Muhammad Ajmal, Imran Taj Khan
BACKGROUND: Ripening of cheddar cheese is a time taking process, duration of the ripening may be as long as one year. Long ripening time is a big hindrance in the popularity of cheese in developing countries. Further, energy resources in these countries are either insufficient or very expensive. Therefore, those methods of cheese ripening should be discovered which can significantly reduce the ripening time without compromising the quality characteristics of cheddar cheese. In accelerated ripening, cheese is usually ripened at higher temperature than traditional ripening temperatures...
April 11, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630132/effects-of-sevoflurane-or-propofol-combined-with-remifentanil-anesthesia-on-clinical-efficacy-and-stress-response-in-pregnant-women-with-pregnancy-induced-hypertension
#17
L-Q Ren, X-X Sun, Y Guan
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of sevoflurane or propofol combined with remifentanil anesthesia on the clinical efficacy and stress response of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIHS) in cesarean section. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 150 patients with PIHS and treated with cesarean section in our hospital from May 2015 to September 2016 were selected. All patients were randomly divided into sevoflurane-remifentanil group (n=75) and propofol-remifentanil (n=75). The elbow blood of patients in both groups were collected, the levels of Norepinephrine (NE) adrenaline (AD), cortisol and blood glucose in plasma were compared at before anesthesia induction (T0), operation 30 min (T1), end of operation (T2), 2 h after operation (T3), 24 h after operation (T4)...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629895/oxidative-stress-and-dna-damage-due-to-one-lung-ventilation
#18
Samil Gunay, Abdullah Taskin, Irfan Eser, Saban Yalcin, Funda Yalcin
AIM: One-lung ventilation (OLV) is an anesthesia technique used to provide visualization in thoracoscopic lung surgeries and increase surgical site visibility during operation. In OLV, atelectasis occurs and blood from the lung participates in circulation without receiving oxygen. We designed a prospective study on patients we implemented surgery in order to research whether OLV leads to oxidative stress and DNA damage or not. METHODS: It was taken 5cc blood samples 4 times from these patients in the postoperative preparatory stage (T1), on the 60th minute after the start of OLV (T2), on the 60th minute after the termination of OLV (T3) and 24 hours after surgery (T4)...
2018: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628832/efficacy-and-safety-of-pulsed-radiofrequency-and-steroid-injection-for-intercostobrachial-neuralgia-in-postmastectomy-pain-syndrome-a-clinical-trial
#19
Beshoy Nabil Fam, Ghada Gamal El-Din El-Sayed, Raafat Mahfouz Reyad, Ikramy Mansour
Background: Breast cancer is a common neoplastic tumor in women, and the postmastectomy pain syndrome has been reported frequently after surgical treatment. The injury of the intercostobrachial nerve is considered the major cause of this type of pain. Purpose: Evaluation of efficacy and safety of pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) and steroid injection on the 2nd and 3rd thoracic (T2 and T3) dorsal root ganglions (DRGs) for intercostobrachial neuralgia (ICBN) postmastectomy...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627830/prediction-of-biochemical-recurrence-following-radiotherapy-among-patients-with-persistent-psa-after-radical-prostatectomy-a-single-center-experience
#20
Chenhui Xiang, Xiaoyong Liu, Shenglong Chen, Pengqiao Wang
Radiotherapy (RT) is applied in prostate cancer patients with a biochemical recurrence (BcR) after radical prostatectomy (RP). However, for the patients with persistent PSA but not undergoing the process of BcR, it remains unknown whether the application of RT can exempt them from the upcoming BcR. In this study, we identified 104 patients treated with RP who had persistent PSA level >0.1 but ≤0.2 ng/mL at 6-8 weeks after RP, of which 52 were treated with postoperative RT. Overall, 51 patients experienced BcR, among which 20 patients were treated with postoperative RT...
April 6, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
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