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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241620/trends-in-and-projections-of-indicators-of-universal-health-coverage-in-bangladesh-1995-2030-a-bayesian-analysis-of-population-based-household-data
#1
Md Shafiur Rahman, Md Mizanur Rahman, Stuart Gilmour, Khin Thet Swe, Sarah Krull Abe, Kenji Shibuya
BACKGROUND: Many countries are implementing health system reforms to achieve universal health coverage (UHC) by 2030. To understand the progress towards UHC in Bangladesh, we estimated trends in indicators of the health service and of financial risk protection. We also estimated the probability of Bangladesh's achieving of UHC targets of 80% essential health-service coverage and 100% financial risk protection by 2030. METHODS: We estimated the coverage of UHC indicators-13 prevention indicators and four treatment indicators-from 19 nationally representative population-based household surveys done in Bangladesh from Jan 1, 1991, to Dec 31, 2014...
January 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236995/a-prospective-5-year-follow-up-study-after-limited-resection-for-lung-cancer-with-ground-glass-opacity
#2
Motoyasu Sagawa, Hiroyuki Oizumi, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Hidetaka Uramoto, Katsuo Usuda, Akira Sakurada, Masayuki Chida, Satoshi Shiono, Jiro Abe, Tohru Hasumi, Masami Sato, Nobuyuki Sato, Jotaro Shibuya, Hiroyuki Deguchi, Yoshinori Okada
OBJECTIVES: The incidence of small-sized pulmonary adenocarcinomas with ground-glass opacity (GGO) has recently increased, with excellent postoperative prognosis. The limited resection of such cancers has been deemed to be acceptable based on retrospective studies. We conducted a prospective multi-institutional study evaluating the validity of limited resection for small-sized pulmonary adenocarcinoma with GGO. METHODS: The inclusion criteria were 25-80 years of age, no prior treatment, a maximum tumour diameter of 8-20 mm, a GGO ratio of ≥ 80%, clinical T1N0M0, lower 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose accumulation than the mediastinum, resectable by sublobar resection, pulmonary lobectomy tolerable and an intraoperative pathological diagnosis of bronchiloalveolar carcinoma...
December 9, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225269/late-relapse-after-a-sustained-virologic-response-at-24-weeks-after-treatment-with-daclatasvir-and-asunaprevir-combination-therapy-for-chronic-hepatitis-c-virus-genotype-1b-infection-with-liver-cirrhosis
#3
Haruki Uojima, Shuko Murakami, Seigo Nakatani, Hisashi Hidaka, Atsuko Takeuchi, Yoshiaki Tanaka, Tomoyoshi Inoue, Keiko Yamane, Kousuke Kubota, Takahide Nakazawa, Akitaka Shibuya, Yasuhito Tanaka, Wasaburo Koizumi
There have been few studies on relapse after a sustained virological response in hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients treated with interferon-free regimens. Thus, the risk of late relapse in patients treated with interferon-free therapy remains unclear. A 67-year-old woman with HCV genotype 1b and liver cirrhosis received oral daclatasvir and asunaprevir. Combination therapy was stopped after 4 weeks because of an episode of encephalopathy. Nonetheless, an HCV polymerase chain reaction at 24 weeks posttreatment was negative...
December 8, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222850/exploratory-study-of-imagery-rescripting-without-focusing-on-early-traumatic-memories-for-major-depressive-disorder
#4
Fuminori Yamada, Yoichi Hiramatsu, Tomokazu Murata, Yoichi Seki, Mizue Yokoo, Remi Noguchi, Takayuki Shibuya, Mari Tanaka, Rieko Takanashi, Eiji Shimizu
BACKGROUND: Mental imagery has a more powerful impact on our emotions than thinking in words about the same material. Treating intrusive images with imagery rescripting (IR) has been reported for various disorders, including post-traumatic stress disorder, social anxiety disorder, and bipolar disorder. There has been less research about IR as a major depressive disorder (MDD). AIMS: We examined whether IR without focusing on early traumatic memories is effective in MDD...
December 9, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194635/oscerk1-plays-a-crucial-role-in-the-lipopolysaccharide-induced-immune-response-of-rice
#5
Yoshitake Desaki, Yusuke Kouzai, Yusuke Ninomiya, Ryosuke Iwase, Yumi Shimizu, Keito Seko, Antonio Molinaro, Eiichi Minami, Naoto Shibuya, Hanae Kaku, Yoko Nishizawa
Plant cell surface receptor-like kinases (RLKs) mediate the signals from microbe-associated molecular patterns (MAMPs) that induce immune responses. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), the major constituent of the outer membrane of gram-negative bacteria, is a common MAMP perceived by animals and plants; however, the plant receptors/co-receptors are unknown except for LORE, a bulb-type lectin S-domain RLK (B-lectin SD1-RLK) in Arabidopsis. OsCERK1 is a multifunctional RLK in rice that contains lysin motifs (LysMs) and is essential for the perception of chitin, a fungal MAMP, and peptidoglycan, a bacterial MAMP...
November 30, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187490/a-prospective-study-of-intensity-modified-radiation-therapy-in-comparison-with-conventional-3d-rt-for-br-pancreatic-cancer-patients-with-arterial-involvement
#6
Toshihiko Masui, Kyoichi Takaori, Takayuki Anazawa, Asahi Sato, Kenzo Nakano, Yuichiro Uchida, Akitada Yogo, Yoko Goto, Shigemi Matsumoto, Yuzo Kodama, Masashi Kanai, Hiroyoshi Isoda, Masaki Mizumoto, Yoshiya Kawaguchi, Keiko Shibuya, Satoshi Itasaka, Shinji Uemoto
BACKGROUND/AIM: Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) is a form of radiation therapy that allows accurate irradiation with reduced damage to surrounding tissues. Here, we analyzed borderline-resectable pancreatic cancer (BRPC) with arterial abutment (BR-A) patients with IMRT as neoadjuvant therapy and performed comparisons with patients with conventional RT to clarify the advantages of IMRT as a neoadjuvant therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty BR-A patients treated at our hospital between January 2012 and December 2015 were divided into two groups: 12 patients underwent conventional 3D-RT before resection (RT group); and 18 patients underwent IMRT before resection (IMRT group)...
December 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161962/purification-and-structural-analysis-of-volatile-sesquiterpenes-produced-by-escherichia-coli-carrying-unidentified-terpene-synthase-genes-from-edible-plants-of-the-family-araliaceae
#7
Kazutoshi Shindo, Jun-Ichiro Hattan, Mariko Kato, Miho Sato, Tomoko Ito, Yurika Shibuya, Arisa Watanabe, Maki Sugiyama, Yuri Nakamura, Norihiko Misawa
A simple method to purify volatile sesquiterpenes from recombinant Escherichia coli was developed using the cells that carried known sesquiterpene synthase (Tps) genes ZzZss2 (ZSS2) and ZoTps1. This method was applied for the purification and structural analyses of volatile sesquiterpenes produced by E. coli cells that carried unidentified Tps genes, which were isolated from the Aralia-genus edible plants belonging to the family Araliaceae. Recombinant cells carrying each Tps gene were cultured in the two-layer medium (n-octane/TB medium), and volatile sesquiterpenes trapped in n-octane were purified through two-phase partition, silica gel column chromatography, and reversed-phase preparative high-performance liquid chromatography, if necessary...
November 22, 2017: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159783/in-vitro-study-of-the-effects-of-denosumab-on-giant-cell-tumor-of-bone-comparison-with-zoledronic-acid
#8
Isao Shibuya, Masamichi Takami, Arei Miyamoto, Akiko Karakawa, Akira Dezawa, Shigeru Nakamura, Ryutaro Kamijo
Giant cell tumor of bone (GCTB) is a locally aggressive primary bone tumor that contains numerous osteoclasts formed from marrow-derived precursors through receptor activator of nuclear factor κ-B ligand (RANKL), an osteoclast differentiation factor expressed in neoplastic cells of GCTB. Denosumab, a fully human monoclonal antibody targeting RANKL, has recently been used for the treatment of GCTB, and superior treatment effects have been reported. The aim of this work was to elucidate the mechanism of action of denosumab, and the differences between denosumab and zoledronic acid at the level of GCTB cells...
November 20, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146528/hierarchical-bayesian-models-for-the-autonomic-based-concealed-information-test
#9
Yusuke Shibuya, Kensuke Okada, Tokihiro Ogawa, Izumi Matsuda, Michiko Tsuneoka
The concealed information test (CIT) is a psychophysiological memory detection technique for examining whether an examinee recognizes crime-relevant information. In current statistical analysis practice, the autonomic responses are usually transformed into Z scores within individuals to remove inter- and intra-individual variability. However, this conventional procedure leads to overestimation of the effect size, specifically the standardized mean difference of the autonomic responses between the crime-relevant information and the crime-irrelevant information...
November 14, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143476/differences-in-innervated-neurons-of-the-internal-anal-sphincter-based-on-age-and-sex-a-histological-study
#10
Tomoaki Kaneko, Tetsuo Nemoto, Kimihiko Funahashi, Junichi Koike, Kazutoshi Shibuya, Hironori Kaneko
AIM: Previous studies have shown sex and age differences in anal sphincter function, but few morphological studies have focused on the quality and quantity of the nerves that control the sphincter muscles. The present study aimed to determine whether there are morphological and quantitative sex and age differences in the nerves in the conjoined longitudinal muscle. METHODS: This was a single-center, retrospective study using surgical specimens from 44 patients who underwent abdominoperineal resection between 2003 and 2012...
November 15, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141207/distinct-terb1-domains-regulate-different-protein-interactions-in-meiotic-telomere-movement
#11
Jingjing Zhang, Zhaowei Tu, Yoshinori Watanabe, Hiroki Shibuya
Meiotic telomeres attach to the nuclear envelope (NE) and drive the chromosome movement required for the pairing of homologous chromosomes. The meiosis-specific telomere proteins TERB1, TERB2, and MAJIN are required to regulate these events, but their assembly processes are largely unknown. Here, we developed a germ-cell-specific knockout mouse of the canonical telomere-binding protein TRF1 and revealed an essential role for TRF1 in directing the assembly of TERB1-TERB2-MAJIN. Further, we identified a TERB2 binding (T2B) domain in TERB1 that is dispensable for the TRF1-TERB1 interaction but is essential for the subsequent TERB1-TERB2 interaction and therefore for telomere attachment to the NE...
November 14, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130611/usefulness-of-exosome-encapsulated-microrna-451a-as-a-minimally-invasive-biomarker-for-prediction-of-recurrence-and-prognosis-in-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma
#12
Kunihiko Takahasi, Hisae Iinuma, Keita Wada, Shunryo Minezaki, Sachiyo Kawamura, Masahiko Kainuma, Yutaka Ikede, Makoto Shibuya, Fumihiko Miura, Keiji Sano
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) encapsulated in the exosomes of plasma is of interest as stable and minimally invasive biomarkers for recurrence and prognosis in cancer patients. The aim of this study was to clarify the predictive and prognostic value of plasma exosomal microRNA-451a (miR-451a) in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). METHODS: Microarray-based expression profiling of miRNAs derived from exosomes in the plasma of 6 PDAC patients with UICC stage II was employed to identify a biomarker to distinguish between patients with and without recurrence...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127001/long-term-intraocular-pressure-reduction-with-intracameral-polycaprolactone-glaucoma-devices-that-deliver-a-novel-anti-glaucoma-agent
#13
Jean Kim, Max Kudisch, Nina Rosa Konichi da Silva, Hiroyuki Asada, Eri Aya-Shibuya, Michele M Bloomer, Sri Mudumba, Robert B Bhisitkul, Tejal A Desai
Long-term treatment of glaucoma, a major leading cause of blindness, is challenging due to poor patient compliance. Therefore, a drug delivery device that can achieve drug release over several months can be highly beneficial for glaucoma management. Here, we evaluate the long-term pharmacokinetics and therapeutic efficacy of polycaprolactone intracameral drug delivery devices in rabbit eyes. Our study showed that a single drug delivery device loaded with a proprietary hypotensive agent, DE-117, reduced intraocular pressure in normotensive rabbits significantly for 23weeks...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122439/successful-removal-of-porcine-circovirus-1-from-immunoglobulin-g-formulated-in-glycine-solution-using-nanofiltration
#14
Rong-Mei Bao, Akemi Shibuya, Takashi Uehira, Tetsuo Sato, Takeru Urayama, Kaoru Sakai, Mikihiro Yunoki
Porcine circovirus (PCV) is a potentially harmful virus that has been shown to contaminate biological products. The virus is resistant to many inactivation and/or removal procedures performed during manufacturing. Anion exchange chromatography has been shown to be useful for PCV type 1 (PCV1) removal; however, reduction of PCV1 using methods such as heat inactivation, low pH, nanofiltration, UV-C, and gamma irradiation has not been successful. Therefore, in this study, we evaluate various conditions for process solutions during nanofiltration using PCV1...
November 6, 2017: Biologicals: Journal of the International Association of Biological Standardization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120258/evaluation-of-the-alternative-classification-criteria-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-established-by-systemic-lupus-international-collaborating-clinics-slicc
#15
Kenji Oku, Tatsuya Atsumi, Yuji Akiyama, Hirofumi Amano, Naoto Azuma, Toshiyuki Bohgaki, Yu Funakubo Asanuma, Tetsuya Horita, Tadashi Hosoya, Kunihiro Ichinose, Masaru Kato, Yasuhiro Katsumata, Yasushi Kawaguchi, Atsushi Kawakami, Tomohiro Koga, Hitoshi Kohsaka, Yuya Kondo, Kanae Kubo, Masataka Kuwana, Akio Mimori, Tsuneyo Mimori, Toshihide Mimura, Kosaku Murakami, Kazuhisa Nakano, Shingo Nakayamada, Hiroshi Ogishima, Kazumasa Ohmura, Kazuyoshi Saito, Hajime Sano, Mihoko Shibuya, Yuko Takahashi, Yoshinari Takasaki, Tsutomu Takeuchi, Naoto Tamura, Yoshiya Tanaka, Hiroto Tsuboi, Shinichiro Tsunoda, Naoichiro Yukawa, Noriyuki Yamakawa, Kazuhiko Yamamoto, Takayuki Sumida
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of the 2012 Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics criteria (SLICC-12) on classifying systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in an uncontrolled multi-centered study with real-life scenario of the patients in Japan. METHODS: This study comprised 495 patients with SLE or non-SLE rheumatic diseases and allied conditions from 12 institutes in Japan. Chart review of each patient was performed by the 27 expert rheumatologists and diagnosis of 487 cases reached to the consensus...
November 9, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115938/carbon-ion-radiotherapy-for-80%C3%A2-years-or-older-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#16
Shintaro Shiba, Takanori Abe, Kei Shibuya, Hiroyuki Katoh, Yoshinori Koyama, Hirohumi Shimada, Satoru Kakizaki, Ken Shirabe, Hiroyuki Kuwano, Tatsuya Ohno, Takashi Nakano
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of carbon ion radiotherapy (C-ion RT) for 80 years or older patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Eligibility criteria of this retrospective study were: 1) HCC confirmed by histology or typical hallmarks of HCC by imaging techniques of four-phase multidetector-row computed tomography or dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging; 2) no intrahepatic metastasis or distant metastasis; 3) no findings suggesting direct infiltration of the gastrointestinal tract; 4) performance status ≤2 by Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group classification; and 5) Child-Pugh classification A or B...
November 7, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105533/plant-immunity-and-symbiosis-signaling-mediated-by-lysm-receptors
#17
Yoshitake Desaki, Kana Miyata, Maruya Suzuki, Naoto Shibuya, Hanae Kaku
Plants possess the ability to recognize microbe-associated molecular patterns (MAMPs) and PAMPs through the PRRs, and initiate pattern-triggered immunity. MAMPs are derived from cell-envelope components, secreted materials and cytosolic proteins from bacteria, oomycetes or fungi, and some MAMPs play a similar function in the innate immunity in mammals. Chitin is a representative fungal MAMP and triggers defense signaling in a wide range of plant species. The chitin receptors CEBiP and CERK1 on the plasma membrane have LysM (lysin motif) in their ectodomains...
January 1, 2017: Innate Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095390/prediction-of-poor-prognosis-after-severe-head-injury-in-children-using-logistic-regression
#18
Rie Ichikawa, Yukihiro Maeda, Akiko Shibuya, Yoshimasa Umesato, Yoshiaki Kondo, Takeshi Maeda, Atsuo Yoshino, Shori Takahashi
OBJECTIVES: Head trauma is one of the main causes of death in childhood and often leaves severe disability with serious neurological damage. Appropriate treatment must be provided immediately to improve outcomes. This study was performed to identify factors associated with a poor prognosis at an early stage of severe head injury in children. METHODS: The subjects were registered in the Japan Neurotrauma Data Bank. They were 119 children (mean age, 8 years; male, 67...
October 31, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093382/prednisolone-responsive-postpartum-igg4-related-hypophysitis
#19
Hisashi Koide, Akina Shiga, Eri Komai, Azusa Yamato, Masanori Fujimoto, Ai Tamura, Takashi Kono, Akitoshi Nakayama, Tomoko Takiguchi, Seiichiro Higuchi, Ikki Sakuma, Hidekazu Nagano, Naoko Hashimoto, Sawako Suzuki, Yasuaki Takeda, Makoto Shibuya, Hiroshi Nishioka, Shozo Yamada, Naoko Inoshita, Norio Ishiwatari, Kentaro Horiguchi, Koutaro Yokote, Tomoaki Tanaka
We herein report the case of a 25-year-old woman who presented with severe headache and visual field defects after childbirth. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed marked swelling of the pituitary gland, and an endocrinological examination revealed panhypopituitarism and diabetes insipidus. An immunohistological analysis of a transsphenoidal biopsy sample of the pituitary gland showed the significant accumulation of an immunogloblin G4 (IgG4)-positive population, leading to the diagnosis of IgG4-related hypophysitis...
November 1, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092680/mass-balance-and-metabolism-of-z-215-a-novel-proton-pump-inhibitor-in-healthy-volunteers
#20
Ryoko Toda, Tomoharu Miyagawa, Yuka Masuda, Yusuke Hoshino, Kazuyoshi Yoshii, Masamichi Hirayama, Minaka Shibuya, Yoshihiro Kawabata
The human mass balance of [(14 )C]Z-215, a novel proton pump inhibitor, was characterised in six healthy male volunteers following single oral administration of [(14 )C]Z-215 (20 mg, 3.7 MBq) to determine the elimination pathway of Z-215 and the distribution of its metabolites in plasma, urine, and faeces (NCT02618629). [(14 )C]Z-215 was rapidly absorbed, with a Cmax of 434 ng/mL at 0.38 h for Z-215 and 732 ng eq./mL at 0.5 h for total radioactivity. Means of 59.61% and 31.36% of the administered radioactive dose were excreted in urine and faeces, respectively, within 168 h post-dose...
November 2, 2017: Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems
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