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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088773/epidemiology-and-outcome-of-acute-pancreatitis-in-end-stage-renal-disease-dialysis-patients-a-10-year-national-cohort-study
#1
Hung-Jui Chen, Jhi-Joung Wang, Wen-Ing Tsay, Shwu-Huey Her, Cheng-Heng Lin, Chih-Chiang Chien
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to determine the incidence and severity of acute pancreatitis (AP) in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on dialysis and whether the dialysis modality [hemodialysis (HD) versus peritoneal dialysis (PD)] confers a higher risk for AP as well as complications or mortality related to AP. METHODS: We analyzed national health insurance claims data of 67 078 ESRD patients initiating dialysis between 1999 and 2007 in Taiwan...
January 14, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088239/towards-interruption-of-schistosomiasis-transmission-in-sub-saharan-africa-developing-an-appropriate-environmental-surveillance-framework-to-guide-and-to-support-end-game-interventions
#2
REVIEW
J Russell Stothard, Suzy J Campbell, Mike Y Osei-Atweneboana, Timothy Durant, Michelle C Stanton, Nana-Kwadwo Biritwum, David Rollinson, Dieudonné R Eloundou Ombede, Louis-Albert Tchuem-Tchuenté
Schistosomiasis is a waterborne parasitic disease in sub-Saharan Africa, particularly common in rural populations living in impoverished conditions. With the scale-up of preventive chemotherapy, national campaigns will transition from morbidity- to transmission-focused interventions thus formal investigation of actual or expected declines in environmental transmission is needed as 'end game' scenarios arise. Surprisingly, there are no international or national guidelines to do so in sub-Saharan Africa. Our article therefore provides an introduction to key practicalities and pitfalls in the development of an appropriate environmental surveillance framework...
January 14, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087797/the-cascading-effects-of-marginalization-and-pathways-of-resilience-in-attaining-good-health-among-lgbt-older-adults
#3
Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen, Hyun-Jun Kim, Amanda E B Bryan, Chengshi Shiu, Charles A Emlet
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults comprise a diverse and growing health disparate population. In the present study, using the Health Equity Promotion Model, we investigated pathways by which LGBT older adults experience resilience, risk, and marginalization and their relationship to attaining positive health outcomes. DESIGN AND METHODS: Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study (NHAS) is the first longitudinal research project designed to examine the health, aging, and well-being of LGBT adults aged 50 and older...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087222/revisiting-the-refeeding-syndrome-results-of-a-systematic-review
#4
Natalie Friedli, Zeno Stanga, Lubos Sobotka, Alison Culkin, Jens Kondrup, Alessandro Laviano, Beat Mueller, Philipp Schuetz
OBJECTIVE: Although described >70 y ago, the refeeding syndrome (RFS) remains understudied with lack of standardized definition and treatment recommendations. The aim of this systematic review was to gather evidence regarding standardized definition, incidence rate and time course of occurrence, association with adverse clinical outcomes, risk factors, and therapeutic strategies to prevent or treat this condition. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE for interventional and observational clinical trials focusing on RFS, excluding case reports and reviews...
June 8, 2016: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087187/gender-ratio-trends-over-time-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients-from-argentina
#5
J I Rojas, L Patrucco, J MIguez, V Sinay, F Pagani Cassara, F Cáceres, N Fernandez Liguori, M L Saladino, N Deri, G Jaacks, M Parada Marcilla, M I Arrigoni, J Correale, M Fiol, M C Ysrraelit, A Carrá, M C Curbelo, A Martinez, J Steinberg, S Bestoso, J P Hryb, J L Di Pace, M B Perassolo, E Carnero Contentti, A Caride, P A Lopez, C Martinez, E Reich, D Giunta, E Cristiano
: Several studies in multiple sclerosis (MS) suggest a trend of increasing disease frequency in women during the last decades. A direct comparison of gender ratio trends among MS populations from Argentina remains to be carried out. The objective of the study was to compare gender ratio trends, over a 50-year span in MS populations from Argentina. METHODS: multicenter study that included patients from 14 MS Centers of Argentina. Patients with definite MS with birth years ranging from 1940 to 1989 were included...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087054/care-pathway-of-patients-with-metastatic-pancreatic-cancer-in-daily-practice-in-france-results-from-the-repere-national-survey
#6
Pascal Hammel, Romain Coriat, Gérard Lledo, Mariella de Bausset, Marion Selosse, Stéphane Obled, Franck Bonnetain
Data in the literature regarding the care pathway of pancreatic cancer patients are limited. The objective of the REPERE survey was to identify and describe the initial stages of the care pathway of pancreatic patients in the metastatic phase. From May to October 2015, 62 oncologists (ON) or gastroenterologists specialized in digestive oncology (GESDO) and 300 general practitioners (GP) completed an electronic questionnaire on the pathway of 728 patients recently diagnosed with metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma...
January 10, 2017: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086991/does-waterfall-aerosol-influence-mucosal-immunity-and-chronic-stress-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#7
Carina Grafetstätter, Martin Gaisberger, Johanna Prossegger, Markus Ritter, Predrag Kolarž, Christina Pichler, Josef Thalhamer, Arnulf Hartl
BACKGROUND: The specific microclimate of alpine waterfalls with high levels of ionized water aerosols has been suggested to trigger beneficial immunological and psychological effects. In the present three-armed randomized controlled clinical study, we focused on effects on (i) immunological reagibility, on (ii) physiological stress responses, and on (iii) stress-related psychological parameters. METHODS: People with moderate to high stress levels (n = 65) spent an active sojourn with daily hiking tours in the National Park Hohe Tauern (Großkirchheim, Austria)...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Physiological Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086974/ovarian-cancer-density-equalizing-mapping-of-the-global-research-architecture
#8
Dörthe Brüggmann, Katharina Pulch, Doris Klingelhöfer, Celeste Leigh Pearce, David A Groneberg
BACKGROUND: Despite its impact on female health worldwide, no efforts have been made to depict the global architecture of ovarian cancer research and to understand the trends in the related literature. Hence, it was the objective of this study to assess the global scientific performance chronologically, geographically and in regards to economic benchmarks using bibliometric tools and density equalizing map projections. METHODS: The NewQIS platform was employed to identify all ovarian cancer related articles published in the Web of Science since 1900...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086921/a-randomized-controlled-trial-focusing-on-socio-economic-status-for-promoting-vegetable-intake-among-adults-using-a-web-based-nutrition-intervention-programme-study-protocol
#9
Saki Nakamura, Takayo Inayama, Takashi Arao
BACKGROUND: Web-based nutritional education programmes appear to be comparable to those delivered face-to-face. However, no existing web-based nutrition education or similar programme has yet been evaluated with consideration of socio-economic status. The objective of a nutritional education programme of promoting vegetable intake designed a randomized controlled trial (RCT) is to evaluate the results of intervention and to determine how socio-economic status influences the programme effects...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086862/management-of-dentin-hypersensitivity-by-national-dental-practice-based-research-network-practitioners-results-from-a-questionnaire-administered-prior-to-initiation-of-a-clinical-study-on-this-topic
#10
Dorota T Kopycka-Kedzierawski, Cyril Meyerowitz, Mark S Litaker, Sidney Chonowski, Marc W Heft, Valeria V Gordan, Robin L Yardic, Theresa E Madden, Stephanie C Reyes, Gregg H Gilbert
BACKGROUND: Dentin hypersensitivity (DH) is a common problem encountered in clinical practice. The purpose of this study was to identify the management approaches for DH among United States dentists. METHODS: One hundred eighty five National Dental Practice-Based Research Network clinicians completed a questionnaire regarding their preferred methods to diagnose and manage DH in the practice setting, and their beliefs about DH predisposing factors. RESULTS: Almost all dentists (99%) reported using more than one method to diagnose DH...
January 13, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086819/efficacy-safety-and-effectiveness-of-licensed-rotavirus-vaccines-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-for-latin-america-and-the-caribbean
#11
Raúl F Velázquez, Alexandre C Linhares, Sergio Muñoz, Pamela Seron, Pedro Lorca, Rodrigo DeAntonio, Eduardo Ortega-Barria
BACKGROUND: RotaTeq™ (RV5; Merck & Co. Inc., USA) and Rotarix™ (RV1, GlaxoSmithKline, Belgium) vaccines, developed to prevent rotavirus diarrhea in children under five years old, were both introduced into national immunization programs in 2006. As many countries in Latin America and the Caribbean have included either RV5 or RV1 in their routine childhood vaccination programs, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to analyze efficacy, safety and effectiveness data from the region...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086775/rapid-decline-in-the-susceptibility-of-plasmodium-falciparum-to-dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine-in-the-south-of-vietnam
#12
Ngo Viet Thanh, Nguyen Thuy-Nhien, Nguyen Thi Kim Tuyen, Nguyen Thanh Tong, Nguyen Thuy Nha-Ca, Le Thanh Dong, Huynh Hong Quang, Jeremy Farrar, Guy Thwaites, Nicholas J White, Marcel Wolbers, Tran Tinh Hien
BACKGROUND: Artemisinin resistant Plasmodium falciparum has emerged in the countries of the Greater Mekong sub-region posing a serious threat to global malaria elimination efforts. The relationship of artemisinin resistance to treatment failure has been unclear. METHODS: In annual studies conducted in three malaria endemic provinces in the south of Vietnam (Binh Phuoc, Ninh Thuan and Gia Lai) between 2011 and 2015, 489 patients with uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria were enrolled in detailed clinical, parasitological and molecular therapeutic response assessments with 42 days follow up...
January 13, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086753/better-care-provided-to-patients-with-tuberculosis-at-county-designated-tb-hospitals-ctd-compared-to-non-ctds-in-rural-china
#13
Li Yuan, Hui Zhang, Changming Zhou, Weili Jiang, Qi Zhao, Xu Biao
BACKGROUND: The primary unit of tuberculosis (TB) medical care in China is the county TB dispensary or county designated hospital (CTD), where patients can receive free diagnosis and treatment. However, a substantial number of patients seek their anti-TB treatment from general health facilities (Non-CTDs). This study aimed to investigate the first anti-TB treatment experience and choice of health facilities of retreated TB patients and their determinants. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Jiangsu, Shandong and Sichuan provinces...
January 13, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080261/performance-of-hispanics-and-non-hispanic-whites-on-the-nih-toolbox-cognition-battery-the-roles-of-ethnicity-and-language-backgrounds
#14
Ilse Flores, Kaitlin B Casaletto, Maria J Marquine, Anya Umlauf, David J Moore, Dan Mungas, Richard C Gershon, Jennifer L Beaumont, Robert K Heaton
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the influence of Hispanic ethnicity and language/cultural background on performance on the NIH Toolbox Cognition Battery (NIHTB-CB). METHOD: Participants included healthy, primarily English-speaking Hispanic (n = 93; Hispanic-English), primarily Spanish-speaking Hispanic (n = 93; Hispanic-Spanish), and English speaking Non-Hispanic white (n = 93; NH white) adults matched on age, sex, and education levels. All participants were in the NIH Toolbox national norming project and completed the Fluid and Crystallized components of the NIHTB-CB...
January 12, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079809/a-comparison-of-the-surgical-mortality-due-to-colorectal-perforation-at-different-hospitals-with-data-from-10-090-cases-in-the-japanese-national-clinical-database
#15
Takeshi Ohki, Masakazu Yamamoto, Hiroaki Miyata, Yasuto Sato, Yoshihisa Saida, Tsuyoshi Morimoto, Hiroyuki Konno, Yasuyuki Seto, Koichi Hirata
Colorectal perforation has a high rate of mortality. We compared the incidence and fatality rates of colorectal perforation among different hospitals in Japan using data from the nationwide surgical database.Patients were registered in the National Clinical Database (NCD) between January 1st, 2011 and December 31st, 2013. Patients with colorectal perforation were identified from surgery records by examining if acute diffuse peritonitis (ADP) and diseases associated with a high probability of colorectal perforation were noted...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079652/long-term-survival-and-causes-of-late-death-in-children-treated-with-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#16
Viktor von Bahr, Jan Hultman, Staffan Eksborg, Roxana Gerleman, Øyvind Enstad, Björn Frenckner, Håkan Kalzén
OBJECTIVE: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation has been used in patients with severe circulatory or respiratory failure since the 1970s, but the knowledge on long-term survival in this group is scarce. The aim of the present study was to investigate the 10-year survival rates and causes of late death in children treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. DESIGN: Single-center, retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center for extracorporeal life support...
January 10, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078659/summer-research-training-provides-effective-tools-for-underrepresented-minorities-to-obtain-doctoral-level-degrees
#17
Oluwatoyin A Asojo, Ashish Damania, Teri L Turner, Gayle Slaughter, Kendal D Hirschi
The ethnic, racial, and cultural diversity of the USA is not reflected in its healthcare and biomedical workforce. Undergraduate research programs are used to encourage underrepresented minorities to pursue training for biomedical careers, but there is limited published data on doctoral degree completion rates by participants in these programs. This study evaluates the attainment of doctoral degrees by a NIH-funded cohort of undergraduates from the 1998-2002 Baylor College of Medicine's Summer Medical Research Training (SMART) program...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078621/is-stepfamily-status-associated-with-cohabiting-and-married-women-s-fertility-behaviors
#18
Karen Benjamin Guzzo
Children from prior relationships potentially complicate fertility decision-making in new cohabitations and marriages. On the one hand, the "value of children" perspective suggests that unions with and without stepchildren have similar-and deliberate-reasons for shared childbearing. On the other hand, multipartnered fertility (MPF) research suggests that childbearing across partnerships is often unintended. Using the 2006-2010 National Survey of Family Growth and event-history models, I examine the role of stepfamily status on cohabiting and married women's fertility and birth intendedness, with attention to union type and stepfamily configuration...
January 11, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078393/antipsychotic-use-is-a-risk-factor-for-hyponatremia-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-15-year-follow-up-study
#19
Hang-Ju Yang, Wan-Ju Cheng
RATIONALE: Hyponatremia affects 10% of patients with chronic schizophrenia and can lead to severe consequences. However, the role of antipsychotics and other risk factors in hyponatremia occurrence has remained inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the association between antipsychotic use and hyponatremia occurrence in patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: We utilized the National Health Insurance Research Database to follow 2051 patients with schizophrenia from 1998 to 2013...
January 11, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077911/a-decade-of-data-protection-for-innovative-drugs-in-canada-issues-limitations-and-time-for-a-reassessment
#20
Megan Kendall, Declan Hamill
Drug regulators in Canada and in other nations require innovative pharmaceutical companies to submit undisclosed clinical or other data as a condition of approving the marketing of new pharmaceutical products-the origination of which involves considerable effort and investment. Data protection regulations were enacted in Canada in 2006, which-to some extent-closed a loophole in intellectual property law that had previously left innovative companies with no effective data protection for their clinical data. Although the regulations were intended to clarify and effectively implement Canada's international treaty obligations in the spirit of innovation, a review of Canada's first decade of effective data protection shows that Health Canada and Canadian courts have interpreted the scope of data protection for innovative drugs in a narrow manner that undermines and is inconsistent with the intent of the regulations...
December 1, 2016: Biotechnology Law Report
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