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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611609/prevalence-of-chronic-obstructive-respiratory-diseases-amongst-fishermen
#1
Omar Laraqui, Reda Hammouda, Salwa Laraqui, Nadia Manar, Tarik Ghailan, Jaouda Ben Amor, Frédéric Deschamps, Chakib El Houssine Laraqui
BACKGROUND: The objective was to screen and evaluate the prevalence of respiratory diseases and obstructive ventilatory defects among fishermen in Morocco. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This observational and cross-sectional epidemiological study involved 924 men over 20 years old and with at least two years of seniority. It included a questionnaire and a spirometry. The questionnaire is composed of four sections: sociodemographic and occupational characteristics, toxic habits, medical history and respiratory clinical symptoms...
2018: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551894/factors-influencing-treatment-escalation-from-long-acting-muscarinic-antagonist-monotherapy-to-triple-therapy-in-patients-with-copd-a-retrospective-thin-database-analysis
#2
John R Hurst, Maria Dilleen, Kevin Morris, Siân Hills, Birol Emir, Rupert Jones
Purpose: Inappropriate use of an inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) for COPD has clinical and economic disadvantages. This retrospective analysis of The UK Health Improvement Network (THIN) database identified factors influencing treatment escalation (step-up) from a long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) to triple therapy (LAMA + long-acting β-agonist-ICS). Secondary objectives included time to step up from first LAMA prescription, Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) grouping (2011/2013, 2017), and Medical Research Council (MRC) grade prior to treatment escalation...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546046/research-highlights-from-the-2017-ers-international-congress-airway-diseases-in-focus
#3
REVIEW
Cecilia Andersson, Sara J Bonvini, Peter Horvath, Eduardo Marquez, Imran Satia, Paul Kirkham, Florence Schleich, Marco Idzko, Reinoud Gosens, Jose Luis Lopez-Campos, Apostolos Bossios, Omar Usmani, Antonio Spanevello, Ian M Adcock, Alexander G Mathioudakis
For another year, high-quality research studies from around the world transformed the annual ERS International Congress into a vivid platform to discuss trending research topics, to produce new research questions and to further push the boundaries of respiratory medicine and science. This article reviews only some of the high-quality research studies on asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), bronchiectasis and chronic cough that were presented during the congress through the Airway Diseases Assembly (ERS Assembly 5) and places them into the context of current knowledge and research challenges...
January 2018: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504332/gastro-oesophageal-reflux-diseases-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients
#4
Hamid Nisar Khan, Amir Suleman, Raza Ullah, Azmat Abdullah, Shahida Naz
BACKGROUND: There is an association of Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This study was designed to determine the frequency of GERD in COPD patients. METHODS: This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in the Pulmonology Unit Ayub Teaching Hospital Abbottabad. Patients more than 40 years of age of both genders presenting with features of COPD such as cough and breathlessness for more than 6 months and confirmed by spirometry were included in the study...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484869/-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-bronchiectasis-position-paper-of-the-israeli-pulmonology-society-and-the-israeli-pediatric-pulmonology-society
#5
Michal Shteinberg, Emilia Hardak, Matthew Koslow, Dario Prais, Malena Cohen-Cymberkno, David Shoseyov, Adi Dagan, Yochai Adir, David Shitrit
Bronchiectasis is anatomically defined by irreversible distortion of the bronchi. Clinically, its manifestations are cough with sputum production and a predisposition to pulmonary infections. Unlike asthma and COPD, where ample clinical data are present regarding the course and effective treatment, knowledge of bronchiectasis has yet to evolve. Lately, bronchiectasis is gaining renewed attention among the medical community, with growing basic and clinical research-based data. In Israel, no registered treatments exist for bronchiectasis, which makes it difficult to treat these patients...
February 2018: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446981/diet-pattern-and-respiratory-morbidity-in-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-study
#6
Emily P Brigham, Lyn M Steffen, Stephanie J London, Danielle Boyce, Gregory B Diette, Nadia N Hansel, Jessica Rice, Meredith C McCormack
RATIONALE: Dietary intake is a potential risk factor for respiratory morbidity in adult populations. Few studies capture the effect of diet patterns, representative of combination of nutrients consumed, on respiratory morbidity in combination with objective measures of lung function. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate patterns of dietary intake in relation to respiratory morbidity and objective measures of lung function in a U.S. POPULATION: <AbstractText Label="METHODS" NlmCategory="METHODS">The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study enrolled 15,792 participants from four U...
February 15, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286433/methodology-for-sputum-induction-and-laboratory-processing
#7
Julien Guiot, Sophie Demarche, Monique Henket, Virginie Paulus, Sophie Graff, Florence Schleich, Jean-Louis Corhay, Renaud Louis, Catherine Moermans
The technique of sputum induction and processing is a recognized non-invasive method allowing the collection and analysis of cells from the airways, which is interesting in various respiratory diseases like asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), chronic cough, or idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. This technique is well tolerated, safe and non-invasive, but is currently limited to research services and specialized centers in clinical practice because it is technically demanding, time-consuming, and requires trained staff...
December 17, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080708/classification-of-cough-as-a-symptom-in-adults-and-management-algorithms-chest-guideline-and-expert-panel-report
#8
Richard S Irwin, Cynthia L French, Anne B Chang, Kenneth W Altman
BACKGROUND: We performed systematic reviews using the population, intervention, comparison, outcome (PICO) format to answer the following key clinical question: Are the CHEST 2006 classifications of acute, subacute and chronic cough and associated management algorithms in adults that were based on durations of cough useful? METHODS: We used the CHEST Expert Cough Panel's protocol for the systematic reviews and the American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST) methodological guidelines and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation framework...
January 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070946/joint-statement-for-the-diagnosis-management-and-prevention-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-for-gulf-cooperation-council-countries-and-middle-east-north-africa-region-2017
#9
EDITORIAL
Bassam H Mahboub, Mayank Gian Vats, Ashraf Al Zaabi, Mohammed Nizam Iqbal, Tarek Safwat, Fatma Al-Hurish, Marc Miravitlles, Dave Singh, Khaled Asad, Salah Zeineldine, Mohamed S Al-Hajjaj
Smoking and subsequent development of COPD is an ever-increasing epidemic in Arabian Gulf and Middle East countries, with no signs of decline. The important fact to be highlighted is that this COPD epidemic of increasing incidence and prevalence is mostly unrecognized by patients, due to the common attribution of symptoms to "smoker's cough", and the underdiagnosis and undertreatment by physicians because the common signs and symptoms masquerade as asthma. Consequently, there are long-term adverse effects of missing the diagnosis...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060142/classification-of-voluntary-coughs-applied-to-the-screening-of-respiratory-disease
#10
Christian Infante, Daniel B Chamberlain, Rahul Kodgule, Richard Ribon Fletcher
Pulmonary and respiratory diseases (e.g. asthma, COPD, allergies, pneumonia, tuberculosis, etc.) represent a large proportion of the global disease burden, mortality, and disability. In this context of creating automated diagnostic tools, we explore how the analysis of voluntary cough sounds may be used to screen for pulmonary disease. As a clinical study, voluntary coughs were recorded using a custom mobile phone stethoscope from 54 patients, of which 7 had COPD, 15 had asthma, 11 had allergic rhinitis, 17 had both asthma and allergic rhinitis, and four had both COPD and allergic rhinitis...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694695/relationship-between-blood-eosinophils-clinical-characteristics-and-mortality-in-patients-with-copd
#11
Maeva Zysman, Gaëtan Deslee, Denis Caillaud, Pascal Chanez, Roger Escamilla, Isabelle Court-Fortune, Pascale Nesme-Meyer, Thierry Perez, Jean-Louis Paillasseur, Christophe Pinet, Gilles Jebrak, Nicolas Roche, Pierre-Régis Burgel
In patients with COPD, there is controversy regarding the association of blood eosinophil (Eos) levels with 1) exacerbation frequency and 2) the effect of inhaled corticosteroids for prevention of exacerbations. To determine whether Eos define subgroups of patients exhibiting attributes of COPD clinical phenotypes, we compared clinical features and mortality rates in COPD patients from the Initiatives BPCO French cohort categorized using different thresholds of blood Eos levels. The following data were collected at inclusion: medical and smoking history, occupational exposures, dyspnea, cough and sputum production, exacerbations in the previous year, history of allergy and asthma, nasal symptoms, body mass index, St George Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) total score, post-bronchodilator spirometry, comorbidities, and medications...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671769/chronic-coffee-consumption-and-respiratory-disease-a-systematic-review
#12
Tiago M Alfaro, Rita A Monteiro, Rodrigo A Cunha, Carlos Robalo Cordeiro
PURPOSE: The widespread consumption of coffee means that any biological effects from its use can lead to significant public health consequences. Chronic pulmonary diseases are extremely prevalent and responsible for one of every six deaths on a global level. METHODS: Major medical databases for studies reporting on the effects of coffee or caffeine consumption on a wide range of non-malignant respiratory outcomes, including incidence, prevalence, evolution or severity of respiratory disease in adults were searched...
July 3, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669932/cough-and-airway-disease-the-role-of-ion-channels
#13
REVIEW
Sara J Bonvini, Maria G Belvisi
Cough is the most common reason for patients to visit a primary care physician, yet it remains an unmet medical need. It can be idiopathic in nature but can also be a troublesome symptom across chronic lung diseases such as asthma, COPD and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Chronic cough affects up to 12% of the population and yet there are no safe and effective therapies. The cough reflex is regulated by vagal, sensory afferent nerves which innervate the airway. The Transient Receptor Potential (TRP) family of ion channels are expressed on sensory nerve terminals, and when activated can evoke cough...
June 29, 2017: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660119/different-types-of-housing-and-respiratory-health-outcomes
#14
Wen Qi Gan, Wayne T Sanderson, Steven R Browning, David M Mannino
Evidence has shown that housing conditions may substantially influence the health of residents. Different types of housing have different structures and construction materials, which may affect indoor environment and housing conditions. This study aimed to investigate whether people living in different types of housing have different respiratory health outcomes. The data from the 1999-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used for the analyses. The types of housing included houses, townhouses, apartments, and mobile homes...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636425/american-thoracic-society-national-heart-lung-and-blood-institute-asthma-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-overlap-workshop-report
#15
Prescott G Woodruff, Maarten van den Berge, Richard C Boucher, Christopher Brightling, Esteban G Burchard, Stephanie A Christenson, MeiLan K Han, Michael J Holtzman, Monica Kraft, David A Lynch, Fernando D Martinez, Helen K Reddel, Don D Sin, George R Washko, Sally E Wenzel, Antonello Punturieri, Michelle M Freemer, Robert A Wise
Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are highly prevalent chronic obstructive lung diseases with an associated high burden of disease. Asthma, which is often allergic in origin, frequently begins in infancy or childhood with variable airflow obstruction and intermittent wheezing, cough, and dyspnea. Patients with COPD, in contrast, are usually current or former smokers who present after the age of 40 years with symptoms (often persistent) including dyspnea and a productive cough. On the basis of age and smoking history, it is often easy to distinguish between asthma and COPD...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527922/bronchodilator-therapy-for-chronic-cough
#16
REVIEW
Maria Gabriella Matera, Paola Rogliani, Alessandro Zanasi, Mario Cazzola
Experimental studies indicate that airway calibre increases the sensitivity of the afferents involved in the cough reflex but it has proved difficult to demonstrate that airway calibre increases the sensitivity of the afferents involved in the cough reflex. Therefore, bronchodilators might have a role, although rather minor, in the treatment of cough. However, although bronchodilators represent the standard of care in the treatment of airway obstruction associated with asthma or COPD, controversy persists regarding the mechanism(s) by which these agents alleviate cough...
May 17, 2017: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487516/peak-flow-meter-with-a-questionnaire-and-mini-spirometer-to-help-detect-asthma-and-copd-in-real-life-clinical-practice-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Yogesh T Thorat, Sundeep S Salvi, Rahul R Kodgule
Peak flow meter with questionnaire and mini-spirometer are considered as alternative tools to spirometry for screening of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. However, the accuracy of these tools together, in clinical settings for disease diagnosis, has not been studied. Two hundred consecutive patients with respiratory complaints answered a short symptom questionnaire and performed peak expiratory flow measurements, standard spirometry with Koko spirometer and mini-spirometry (COPD-6). Spirometry was repeated after bronchodilation...
May 9, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472184/lung-function-decline-in-subjects-with-and-without-copd-in-a-population-based-cohort-in-latin-america
#18
Rogelio Pérez-Padilla, Rosario Fernandez-Plata, Maria Montes de Oca, Maria Victorina Lopez-Varela, Jose R Jardim, Adriana Muiño, Gonzalo Valdivia, Ana Maria B Menezes
BACKGROUND: Lung-function decline is one of the possible mechanisms leading to Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). METHODS: We analyzed data obtained from two population-based surveys of adults (n = 2026) conducted in the same individuals 5-9 years (y) after their baseline examination in three Latin-American cities. Post BronchoDilator (postBD) FEV1 decline in mL/y, as %predicted/y (%P/y) and % of baseline/y (%B/y) was calculated and the influence of age, gender, BMI, baseline lung function, BD response, exacerbations rate evaluated using multivariate models...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435242/burden-of-asthma-dyspnea-and-chronic-cough-in-south-asia
#19
Ghose Bishwajit, Shangfeng Tang, Sanni Yaya, Zhanchun Feng
BACKGROUND: Asthma, dyspnea, and chronic cough are well-established risk factors of COPD and often associated with exacerbation of the disease, which is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in South Asian countries. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to, 1) measure the prevalence of asthma, dyspnea, and chronic cough, and 2) assess the relationship between these respiratory problems and self-reported health status among South Asians. METHODS: Data for this research came from the World Health Survey (2002-2003) conducted by the World Health Organization...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397992/mucoactive-agents-for-chronic-non-cystic-fibrosis-lung-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Benjamin J Tarrant, Caitlin Le Maitre, Lorena Romero, Ranjana Steward, Brenda M Button, Bruce R Thompson, Anne E Holland
Inhaled mucoactive agents are used in respiratory disease to improve mucus properties and enhance secretion clearance. The effect of mannitol, recombinant human deoxyribonuclease/dornase alfa (rhDNase) and hypertonic saline (HS) or normal saline (NS) are not well described in chronic lung conditions other than cystic fibrosis (CF). The aim of this review was to determine the benefit and safety of inhaled mucoactive agents outside of CF. We searched Medline, Embase, CINAHL and CENTRAL for randomized controlled trials investigating the effects of mucoactive agents on lung function, adverse events (AEs), health-related quality of life (HRQOL), hospitalization, length of stay, exacerbations, sputum clearance and inflammation...
August 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
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