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bladder perforation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331033/the-efficacy-and-safety-comparison-of-surgical-treatments-for-stress-urinary-incontinence-a-network-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Pan Song, Yibo Wen, Chuiguo Huang, Wancong Wang, Naijun Yuan, Yinliang Lu, Qingwei Wang, Tao Zhang, Jianguo Wen
AIMS: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is a common problem worldwide. Mainstream surgical procedures include tension-free vaginal tape (TVT), transobturator tape (TOT), tension-free vaginal tape-obturator (TVT-O), tension-free vaginal tape SECUR (TVT-S), and adjustable single-incision sling (Ajust). The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of these surgical procedures and assess which surgery is most optimal for SUI by adopting a network meta-analysis (NMA). METHODS: Electronic databases including PubMed, Cochrance Library, and Embase database were researched systematically, until March 21, 2017...
January 13, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316583/-foreign-body-ingestion-a-rare-cause-of-abdominal-pain
#2
Philipp Kasper, Fabian Kütting, Hans Anton Schlößer, Stefan Paul Mönig, Tobias Goeser, Natalie Jaspers
HISTORY AND FINDINGS UPON ADMISSION:  A 50-year-old man presented at the emergency unit with abdominal pain in the right lower quadrant and dysuria. He described an increase in pain during micturition. EXAMINATIONS:  After multiple examinations (CT-scan, MR-scan, ileocolonoscopy) were performed to no avail, a toothpick was detected in the terminal ileum during an ultrasound scan of the small intestine. Prompted elevation of intra-abdominal pressure led to migration of the radiolucent sharp foreign body into the wall of the urinary bladder, inducing pain...
January 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260642/subcutaneous-emphysema-following-cystoscopic-clot-evacuation
#3
Madeline Cancian, Joseph Brito, Vincent Harisaran
Gross hematuria is a common urologic problem which often requires surgical intervention. While generally a safe procedure, clot evacuation can have serious complications. Here we describe the case of an 85-year-old male who developed extensive subcutaneous emphysema following a small extraperitoneal bladder perforation during a clot evacuation. While our patient did well with expectant management, subcutaneous emphysema can lead to serious complications and any endourologic procedure should be stopped once crepitus is noted...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201516/effectiveness-of-spinal-anesthesia-combined-with-obturator-nerve-blockade-in-preventing-adductor-muscle-contraction-during-transurethral-resection-of-bladder-tumor
#4
Cyrus Emir Alavi, Seyed Alaeddin Asgari, Siavash Falahatkar, Siamak Rimaz, Mohammadreza Naghipour, Hossein Khoshrang, Mehdi Jafari, Nadia Herfeh
Objective: To determine whether spinal anesthesia combined with obturator nerve blockade (SOB) is effective in preventing obturator nerve stimulation, jerking and bladder perforation during transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT). Material and methods: In this clinical trial, 30 patients were randomly divided into two groups: spinal anesthesia (SA) and SOB. In SA group, 2.5 cc of 0.5% bupivacaine was injected intrathecally using a 25-gauge spinal needle and in SOB after spinal anesthesia, a classic obturator nerve blockade was performed by using nerve stimulation technique...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198850/safety-and-efficacy-of-en-bloc-transurethral-resection-with-1-9%C3%AE-m-vela-laser-for-treatment-of-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer
#5
Hao Xu, Jun Ma, Zhong Chen, Jun Yang, Huixin Yuan, Tao Wang, Jihong Liu, Weimin Yang, Zhangqun Ye
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of 1.9µm Vela laser in treating of primary non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer. METHODS: The data of the non-muscle invasive bladder cancer patients treated either by en bloc transurethral resection with 1.9µm Vela laser (n=26) or conventional transurethral resection of bladder tumor (n=44) was analyzed retrospectively. The pre-operative characteristics and intra-operative complications were compared in the two groups...
November 30, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183900/delayed-presentation-of-iatrogenic-bladder-perforation
#6
Zoë James, Usama Mohamad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 27, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128041/intraperitoneal-urinary-bladder-perforation-with-pneumoperitoneum-in-association-with-indwelling-foley-catheter-diagnosed-in-emergency-department
#7
Chenyang Zhan, Pedro P Maria, R Joshua Dym
BACKGROUND: Indwelling Foley catheter is a rare cause of urinary bladder perforation, a serious injury with high mortality that demands accurate and prompt diagnosis. While the gold standard for diagnosis of bladder injury is computed tomography (CT) cystography, few bladder ruptures associated with Foley catheter have been reported to be diagnosed in the emergency department (ED). CASE REPORT: An 83-year-old man with indwelling Foley catheter presented to the ED for hematuria and altered mental status...
November 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123859/non-traumatic-bladder-rupture-showing-less-than-10-hounsfield-units-of-ascites
#8
Naoto Mizumura, Satoshi Okumura, Sho Toyoda, Atsuo Imagawa, Masao Ogawa, Masayasu Kawasaki
Aim: Bladder ruptures are commonly misdiagnosed as gastrointestinal perforations or intestinal ischemia. If a diagnosis is made preoperatively, conservative treatment is a safe and effective option. We evaluated the validity of using the attenuation value of ascites, measured by non-contrast computed tomography (CT), to identify patients with bladder ruptures. Methods: A retrospective search of our hospital database identified 7 patients with confirmed bladder ruptures between 2007 and 2013...
April 2017: Acute Medicine & Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122895/migration-of-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-to-urethral-and-rectal-orifices
#9
Banan Osman, Stella Roushias, Rachel Hargest, Krishna Narahari
Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt surgery remains the most widely used neurosurgical procedure for the management of hydrocephalus. However, shunt complications are common and may require multiple surgical procedures during a patient's lifetime. We report the case of a 29-year-old patient with a background of Dandy-Walker malformation, occipital encephalocele, recurrent hydrocephalus, spina bifida and epilepsy presented with VP shunt migration into urinary and gastrointestinal tracts. In absence of sepsis or peritonism from either bowel or bladder perforation, local control of stent extrusion was successful for several years, although surgery was eventually undertaken...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118889/successful-treatment-of-iatrogenic-external-iliac-artery-perforation-with-covered-stent-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Muhammad Umer Awan, Bassam Omar, Ghazanfar Qureshi, Ghulam Mustafa Awan
Retroperitoneal hemorrhage from iliac artery injury is a potentially serious complication of vascular interventional procedures leading to hemorrhagic shock and death if not diagnosed early and treated promptly. We report a 70-year-old male admitted to our facility with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction, whose heart catheterization revealed left anterior descending artery (LAD) with 80% proximal, 95% mid and 100% distal disease. The left circumflex and right coronary arteries were 100% occluded proximally and received collaterals from the LAD...
October 2017: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101763/successful-laparoscopic-removal-of-a-self-inflicted-thermometer-that-spontaneously-migrated-into-the-peritoneal-cavity
#11
Jovo Bogdanovic, Vuk Sekulic, Tijana Kokovic, Senjin Djozic, Dragan Vulin
A sixty-three-year-old Caucasian male was referred to emergency service 10 hours after self-infliction of a mercury glass thermometer into the urethra. The patient presented without abdominal or voiding symptoms. Radiologicalimaging confirmed the presence of a thermometer in the peritoneal cavity, without signs of contrast leakage from the bladder. The patient underwent suture of the perforation site with a subsequent successful removal of the foreign body using laparoscopic approach. Recovery was uneventful...
November 4, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071156/bipolar-vs-monopolar-resection-of-bladder-tumours-of-3%C3%A2-cm-in-patients-maintained-on-low-dose-aspirin-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#12
Mohamed M Hashad, Hussein M Abdeldaeim, Ahmed Moussa, Akram Assem, Tamer M Abou Youssif
OBJECTIVE: To compare the safety and efficacy of bipolar vs monopolar transurethral resection of bladder tumour (TURBT) in patients maintained on low-dose aspirin with tumours >3 cm. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective randomised single-centre study was performed including 200 patients with bladder tumours of >3 cm, as measured by ultrasonography. All patients were using low-dose aspirin (81 mg/day), which was not stopped in the perioperative period. Patients were randomised into two groups: Group A, monopolar TURBT (M-TURBT); Group B, bipolar TURBT (B-TURBT)...
September 2017: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056121/effectiveness-of-ultrasound-shear-for-clipless-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-versus-conventional-unipolar-electrocautery-in-patients-with-cholelithiasis
#13
Ejaz Sanawan, Ahmad Uzair Qureshi, Sidra Shoaib Qureshi, Khalid M Cheema, Muhammad Arshad Cheema
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of ultrasound shear in laparoscopic cholecystectomy in terms of total operative time, postoperative bile leaks, gall bladder perforation rate, and postoperative bleeding from cystic artery and collateral injury to bowel and duodenum. STUDY DESIGN: Comparative study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Mayo Hospital, Lahore, from June 2013 to May 2014. METHODOLOGY: 150 cases (75 in each group) were randomized into two groups, i...
October 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951014/the-significance-of-organ-prolapse-in-gastroschisis
#14
Shannon M Koehler, Aniko Szabo, Matt Loichinger, Erika Peterson, Melissa Christensen, Amy J Wagner
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence and importance of organ prolapse (stomach, bladder, reproductive organs) in gastroschisis. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of gastroschisis patients from 2000 to 2014 at a single tertiary institution. Statistical analysis was performed using a chi-square test, Student's t test, log-rank test, or Cox regression analysis models. All tests were conducted as two-tailed tests, and p-values <0.05 were considered statistically significant...
December 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929035/porcine-urinary-bladder-matrix-for-management-of-infected-radiation-mastectomy-wound
#15
Yana Puckett, Theophilus Pham, Shirley McReynolds, Catherine A Ronaghan
We present a case report on the successful healing of a Pseudomonas infection wound in a 52-year-old female with morbid obesity, noninsulin dependent diabetes mellitus and a history of tobacco use, who presented with Stage IIIA (T3, N2, Mo) infiltrating ductal carcinoma. The patient received neoadjuvant chemotherapy prior to her bilateral skin-sparing total mastectomies with right axillary sentinel lymphadenectomy. She also had staged reconstruction with temporary breast implants and plans for deep inferior epigastric perforator flaps...
July 10, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892312/-case-report-emphysematous-cystitis
#16
M Piraprez, M Ben Chehida, M Fillet
The emphysematous cystitis is a rare condition characterized by the presence of air in the wall and/or the bladder lumen. The clinical expression of this cystitis is variable. Some patients complain of abdominal pain or urinary symptoms. Other may present only pneumaturia or be totally asymptomatic. This condition is considered as potentially severe since it can lead to an emphysematous pyelonephritis with septicemia and septic shock. Peritonitis may also occur in case of necrosis and perforation of the bladder wall...
September 2017: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882934/bowel-perforation-presenting-three-months-after-suprapubic-catheter-insertion
#17
Thomas Stonier, Nick Simson, Elizabeth Wilson, Konstantinos Eleftherios Stergios
An 82-year-old male with multiple comorbidities, including previous laparotomies, had a suprapubic catheter (SPC) inserted under guidance with ultrasound and a flexible cystoscope. Three months following the procedure, having returned for a flexible cystoscopy for ongoing bladder pain syndrome, he became peritonitic postoperatively.A CT scan and subsequent laparotomy confirmed the SPC to be passing through a section of terminal ileum. The bowel was resected and he recovered well after a long hospital admission...
September 7, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831631/comparison-of-the-efficacy-and-feasibility-of-laser-enucleation-of-bladder-tumor-versus-transurethral-resection-of-bladder-tumor-a-meta-analysis
#18
Huan Yang, Ning Wang, Shanfu Han, Musa Male, Chenming Zhao, Daqiang Yao, Zhiqiang Chen
The transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) remains the most widely used method in the surgical treatment of the non-muscle invasive bladder tumor (NMIBT). Despite its popularity, the laser technique has been widely used in urology as an alternative, via the application of transurethral laser enucleation of bladder tumor. The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy and feasibility between transurethral laser enucleation and transurethral resection of bladder tumor. A systematic search of the following databases was conducted: PubMed, Wed of Science, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Google scholar, and Medline...
December 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794086/urine-producing-peritoneal-dialysis-catheter
#19
Musa Elgaali, Olukayode Abiola, Helen Collinson, Sunil Bhandari
Insertion of a peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter into the bladder is a rare complication of PD. Herein, we describe a case of an adult patient undergoing PD tube insertion who was found to have the catheter in the urinary bladder. He was treated with PD catheter removal, prophylactic antibiotics and repair of the bladder wall. This report gives a timely reminder of and the need to check for urinary bladder distension prior to PD catheter insertion surgery. Perforating injuries should be considered in patients with symptoms related to the urinary tract and free flow of fluid from the PD tube...
August 9, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761872/urinary-bladder-injury-during-colonoscopy-without-colon-perforation
#20
Jung Wook Suh, Jun Won Min, Hwan Namgung, Dong-Guk Park
We report a case of urinary bladder perforation during colonoscopy. A 67-year-old female, who had undergone a transabdominal hysterectomy for uterine myomas 15 years ago, visited the emergency department with complaint of abdominal pain after a screening colonoscopy. Laparoscopic examination revealed severe adhesion between the sigmoid colon and the urinary bladder. The urinary bladder wall was weakened, and several perforation sites were found. The surgery was converted to a laparotomy. After a thorough examination, we performed primary repair for the perforation sites, followed by an omentopexy...
June 2017: Annals of Coloproctology
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