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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071951/spontaneous-extrusion-of-gallstones-after-percutaneous-drainage
#1
D Hariharan, D N Lobo
There have been reports of late discharge of gallstones through operative wounds after spillage into the peritoneal cavity during laparoscopic cholecystectomy and after the development of spontaneous cholecystocutaneous fistulae. However, spontaneous discharge of gallstones from the tract of a percutaneous cholecystostomy or percutaneous drainage of a perforated gall bladder has not, to the best of our knowledge, been reported previously. We report a case in which a patient who had a percutaneous drain inserted for a perforated gall bladder discharged 34 gallstones from the tract after removal of the 7-F pigtail catheter...
January 10, 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069871/spontaneous-proximal-ureteric-rupture-secondary-to-ureterolithiasis
#2
Keith Pace, Karl Spiteri, Karl German
We present the case of a 37-year-old lady who presented with severe colicky left sided flank pain associated with vomiting, chills and rigors. A non-contrast Computed Tomography of the Kidney Ureter and Bladder was performed which showed a 2-3 mm stone in the pelvic part of the left ureter. Following 2 days of conservative treatment she was still complaining of increasingly severe pain. A contrast computed tomography of the abdomen was performed which was suggestive of a perforation of the left collecting system...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057988/holmium-laser-transurethral-resection-of-bladder-tumor-our-experience
#3
Nischith D'souza, Ashish Verma
PURPOSE: To compare the safety and efficiency of conventional monopolar and holmium laser en bloc transurethral resection of bladder tumor (CM-TURBT and HoL-EBRBT) while managing primary nonmuscle-invasive bladder cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2012 to October 2015, fifty patients with primary nonmuscle-invasive bladder cancer underwent endoscopic surgery. Among them, 27 patients underwent CM-TURBT and 23 patients underwent HoL-EBRBT. Clinical data, included preoperative, operative, and postoperative management and follow-up, were recorded...
October 2016: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040322/mucosectomy-impairs-ileal-microcirculation-and-results-in-flap-contraction-after-experimental-ileocystoplasty
#4
Raimondo M Cervellione, Daniel Hajnal, Gabreilla Varga, George Rakoczy, Jozsef Kaszaki, David Keene, Anju Goyal, Alan Dickson, Tamas Cserni
INTRODUCTION: Bladder augmentation with demucosalized ileal flap is a promising alternative approach for mucus free bladder augmentation; however, the contraction of the flap is still a major concern. It has been hypothesized that mucosectomy causes ischemic damage, but no direct histological evidence has been found and attention is now focused on the urothelium cover to prevent the exposure of the denuded surface to urine or the use of balloons to keep the flaps distended. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to study the effect of mucosectomy on the microcirculation of ileal flaps during reverse clam ileocystoplasty using direct intraoperative imaging of the ileum...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003880/surgical-proficiency-decreases-the-rate-of-healing-abnormalities-using-anterior-transobturator-mesh-in-cystocele-women
#5
Jin-Sung Yuk, Yong Jin Kim, Kyong Wook Yi, Jun-Young Hur, Jung-Ho Shin
Aims: The objective of this study is to report the outcomes of cystocele repair with anterior transobutrator mesh kits.  Methods: 119 consecutive women with cystoceles were treated between January 2006 and November 2010 by a single surgeon at a university hospital using the anterior transobturator mesh kit procedure. Postoperative follow-up visits were scheduled at 1, 6, and 12 months after surgery. Results: A total of 114 women who were operated on with the anterior transobturator mesh kit completed 12 months of follow-up...
2016: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966178/long-term-efficacy-and-safety-of-tension-free-vaginal-tape-in-a-historic-cohort-of-463-women-with-stress-urinary-incontinence
#6
Armand Chevrot, Stéphane Droupy, Gregoire Coffin, Laurent Soustelle, Michel Boukaram, Brigitte Fatton, Renaud de Tayrac, Laurent Wagner, Pierre Costa
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We report retrospective data on the long-term safety and efficacy of the retropubic midurethral sling (MUS) in a large series of women with stress urinary incontinence. METHODS: In all, 517 patients were treated during the period January 2005 to June 2012 at a single centre in France. The Urinary Symptoms Profile score was used to identify women who were subjectively cured or improved or in whom treatment had failed. The rates of peroperative, and early (<30 days) and late postoperative complications were recorded...
December 13, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960535/en-bloc-transurethral-resection-of-bladder-tumors-a-new-standard
#7
Angelo Naselli, Paolo Puppo
OBJECTIVE: To assess safety and efficacy, namely pathological assessment of the specimen and recurrence rate, of en bloc transurethral resection (EBTUR) of bladder tumor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the available literature on PubMed. Seventeen articles, mainly prospective case series, were found. EBTUR is performed with a great variety of equipments, whereas the resection technique is similar. RESULTS: Overall, 895 patients have been submitted to EBTUR, accounting for 1191 lesions...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920987/spontaneous-perforation-of-the-upj-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
K Searvance, J Jackson, N Schenkman
Spontaneous rupture of the ureter is an uncommon condition defined by non-traumatic extravasation of urine. Causative factors leading to rupture include urinary calculi, malignancies, instrumentation or trauma. Ureteral rupture can lead to numerous complications, including abscess formation, urinomas, and urosepsis. Minimal literature is available regarding spontaneous ureteral perforation, especially at the ureteropelvic junction. We present a rare case of spontaneous perforation of the ureter at the ureteropelvic junction caused by an undiagnosed non-compliant bladder...
January 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919201/complicated-inguino-scrotal-bladder-hernia-a-case-of-two-step-repair
#9
Jules François, Barbara Defoort, Filip Muysoms
BACKGROUND: Inguino-scrotal sliding hernia of the bladder (IBH) is a rare condition. Frequently, it is asymptomatic but sometimes it can be complicated by urosepsis and incarceration. CASE PRESENTATION: A 74-year-old male with an IBH was admitted to the intensive care unit with urosepsis, acute renal insufficiency and incarceration of the herniated bladder. A two-step approach was performed to repair this complicated hernia. Firstly, the incarcerated bladder was reduced during a laparoscopic, trans-abdominal approach...
December 5, 2016: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900222/surgical-outcomes-and-complications-of-tube%C3%A2-promedon-malleable-penile-prostheses-in-diabetic-versus-non-diabetic-patients-with-erectile-dysfunction
#10
Elnisr Rashed Mohamed, Ahmed Rashed Hammady, Mohamed Zaki Eldahshoury, Ahmed Mamdouh Elsharkawi, Ahmed Mahmoud Riad, Hazem Mohamed Elmogazy, Mohamed Mostafa Hussien, Wael Mohamed Gamal
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate surgical outcome, complications, and patients satisfaction with the Tube® (Promedon, Cordoba, Argentina) malleable penile prosthesis in diabetic and non-diabetic patients with refractory erectile dysfunction (ED). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The records of 128 eligible patients who received Tube malleable penile prostheses at our institute between September 2008 and October 2015 were reviewed. RESULTS: Of the 128 patients, who received Tube penile prostheses at our institute, 53 were diabetics and 75 were non-diabetics...
December 2016: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889222/long-term-follow-up-of-composite-bladder-augmentation-incorporating-stomach-in-a-multi-institutional-cohort-of-patients-with-cloacal-exstrophy
#11
J T Casey, K H Chan, Y Hasegawa, T Large, B Judge, M Kaefer, R Misseri, R C Rink, K Ueoka, M P Cain
INTRODUCTION: Composite bladder augmentation, incorporating gastric and bowel segments, has the theoretical advantage of metabolic neutrality while potentially avoiding the morbidities of gastrocystoplasty, such as hematuria-dysuria syndrome. The most common indication for this operation is a paucity of bowel, such as in cloacal exstrophy. Despite several early descriptive studies of this technique, there are no reports, to date, of long-term follow-up in this population. OBJECTIVE: To describe the outcomes of composite bladder augmentation utilizing stomach in a cohort of cloacal exstrophy patients...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828864/comparison-of-the-efficacy-and-feasibility-of-en-bloc-transurethral-resection-of-bladder-tumor-versus-conventional-transurethral-resection-of-bladder-tumor-a-meta-analysis
#12
Yu-Peng Wu, Ting-Ting Lin, Shao-Hao Chen, Ning Xu, Yong Wei, Jin-Bei Huang, Xiong-Lin Sun, Qing-Shui Zheng, Xue-Yi Xue, Xiao-Dong Li
BACKGROUND: The aim of this meta-analysis was to compare the feasibility of en bloc transurethral resection of bladder tumor (ETURBT) versus conventional transurethral resection of bladder tumor (CTURBT). METHODS: Relevant trials were identified in a literature search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and Google Scholar using appropriate search terms. All comparative studies reporting participant demographics, tumor characteristics, study characteristics, and outcome data were included...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822325/spontaneous-cholecysto-cutaneous-fistula-draining-through-an-old-abdominal-surgical-scar
#13
Mukesh Surya, Pawan Soni, Kshama Nimkar
BACKGROUND: Though cholelithiasis and cholecystitis are common clinical problems, spontaneous cholecysto-cutaneous fistula is a rare complication of cholelithiasis in present-day practice. Very few cases have been reported in literature after 1950s. CASE REPORT: A 60-year-old male presented with pain and discharging sinus in the upper abdomen. Ultrasonography and computed tomography confirmed the presence of perforation of the gall bladder and cholecysto-cutaneous fistula...
2016: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784975/limited-local-extracolonic-spread-of-mucinous-appendiceal-adenocarcinoma-after-perforation-with-formation-of-a-malignant-appendix-to-sigmoid-fistula-case-report-and-literature-review
#14
Seifeldin Hakim, Mitual Amin, Mitchell S Cappell
A 68-year-old man presented with progressive right lower quadrant abdominal pain and tenderness without rebound tenderness, and with constipation during the prior 9 mo. Abdomino-pelvic computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a dilated appendix forming a fistula to the sigmoid colon. Open laparotomy revealed a bulky abdominal tumor involving appendix, cecum, and sigmoid, and extending up to adjacent viscera, without ascites or peritoneal implants. The abdominal mass was removed en bloc, including resection of sigmoid colon, cecum (with preservation of ileocecal valve), appendix, right vas deferens, testicular vessels, and minimal amounts of anterior abdominal wall; and shaving off of small parts of the walls of the urinary bladder and small bowel...
October 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773993/toxico-neurological-effects-of-piroxicam-in-monogastric-animals
#15
Saganuwan Alhaji Saganuwan, Orinya Agbaji Orinya
Piroxicam is a benzothiazine compound with anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, and analgesic properties. Because of the very high efficacy of piroxicam and its increasing use in the treatment of carcinomas in dogs and cats, there is a need for acute toxicity study of piroxicam in monogastric animals and its potential for causing secondary poisoning in puppies. Piroxicam manufactured by Shanxi Federal Pharmaceutical Co, Ltd. was used for this study. Revised up-and-down procedure was used for the estimation of median lethal dose in mouse (259...
2016: Journal of Experimental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749800/a-case-of-child-physical-abuse-with-a-rolling-pin-insertion-resulting-in-bladder-and-rectal-perforation
#16
Meda Kondolot, Selim Doganay, Cüneyt Turan, Hasim Asil, Didem B Oztop, Caglar Ozdemir
Visceral injuries are not uncommon in nonaccidental trauma and often require emergent operative intervention. However, sometimes it can be difficult to assess the extent of injury. In this report, we present a case of child physical abuse resulting in bladder and rectal perforations, which was initially referred to our hospital as acute abdomen with intraperitoneal free fluid on ultrasonography. An exploratory laparotomy revealed the perforations and surgical repair was performed. The patient was evaluated by the Hospital Child Protective team and it was revealed that bladder and rectum perforations were due to insertion of rolling pin into the rectum by the stepmother...
October 4, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747129/delayed-diagnosis-of-iatrogenic-bladder-perforation-in-a-neonate
#17
Antoinette S Birs, Jose A Perez, Mark A Rich, Hubert S Swana
Iatrogenic bladder injuries have been reported in the neonate during umbilical artery/vein catheterization, voiding cystourethrogram, urinary catheterizations, and overwhelming hypoxic conditions. Patients with iatrogenic bladder perforations can present with acute abdomen indicating urinary peritonitis, septic-uremic shock, or subtle symptoms like abdominal distension, pain, hematuria, uremia, electrolyte imbalances, and/or difficulty urinating. The following neonatal case report of perforated bladder includes a review of the signs, symptoms, diagnostic tools, and management of bladder injury in neonates...
2016: Case Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738733/what-can-we-learn-from-large-data-sets-an-analysis-of-19-000-retropubic-tapes
#18
Fiona Bach, Philip Toozs-Hobson
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Retropubic tapes are successful for treating stress urinary incontinence (SUI), but there is controversy around risk profiles. The British Society of Urogynaecology (BSUG) database allows analysis of surgery for patient safety, surveillance and benchmarking. Objectives of this study were to establish success and complication rates in routine practice, determine complication rates for trainees and consultants, explore reasons for outliers and assess perforation as a surrogacy of quality...
October 13, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681381/day-case-transobturator-tapes-a-cut-and-dried-solution
#19
T Ramhendar, D Keane
BACKGROUND: The transobturator tape (TOT) has been utilized in the surgical management of SUI since 2001 when it was first described and is associated with minimal risk of trauma as its purely perineal insertion avoids entry to the retropubic space. Given its high success rate, low associated peri-operative morbidity and relative ease of insertion, it has been increasingly used as a day case procedure worldwide. AIM: This study aims to demonstrate the suitability of the transobturator tape (TOT) as a day surgery procedure in the Republic of Ireland...
September 28, 2016: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676715/bladder-rupture-secondary-to-emphysematous-bladder-a-diabetic-patient-report
#20
Astrid Balança
OBJECTIVE: We report an emphysematous cystitis in a diabetic patient complicated by peritonitis. OBSERVATIONS: A 66-year-old male presented to the emergency with septic shock. Patient's history: poorly controlled diabetes and prostate adenoma. Clinical examination revealed a surgical abdomen and signs of shock. Blood sugar was 6g/L. CRP 274mg/L. The abdomino-pelvic CT scan showed a perforated bladder with emphysema of the bladder wall and endoluminal air bubbles...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
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