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bladder perforation

Meda Kondolot, Selim Doganay, Cüneyt Turan, Hasim Asil, Didem B Oztop, Caglar Ozdemir
Visceral injuries are not uncommon in nonaccidental trauma and often require emergent operative intervention. However, sometimes it can be difficult to assess the extent of injury. In this report, we present a case of child physical abuse resulting in bladder and rectal perforations, which was initially referred to our hospital as acute abdomen with intraperitoneal free fluid on ultrasonography. An exploratory laparotomy revealed the perforations and surgical repair was performed. The patient was evaluated by the Hospital Child Protective team and it was revealed that bladder and rectum perforations were due to insertion of rolling pin into the rectum by the stepmother...
October 4, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Antoinette S Birs, Jose A Perez, Mark A Rich, Hubert S Swana
Iatrogenic bladder injuries have been reported in the neonate during umbilical artery/vein catheterization, voiding cystourethrogram, urinary catheterizations, and overwhelming hypoxic conditions. Patients with iatrogenic bladder perforations can present with acute abdomen indicating urinary peritonitis, septic-uremic shock, or subtle symptoms like abdominal distension, pain, hematuria, uremia, electrolyte imbalances, and/or difficulty urinating. The following neonatal case report of perforated bladder includes a review of the signs, symptoms, diagnostic tools, and management of bladder injury in neonates...
2016: Case Reports in Urology
Fiona Bach, Philip Toozs-Hobson
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Retropubic tapes are successful for treating stress urinary incontinence (SUI), but there is controversy around risk profiles. The British Society of Urogynaecology (BSUG) database allows analysis of surgery for patient safety, surveillance and benchmarking. Objectives of this study were to establish success and complication rates in routine practice, determine complication rates for trainees and consultants, explore reasons for outliers and assess perforation as a surrogacy of quality...
October 13, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
T Ramhendar, D Keane
BACKGROUND: The transobturator tape (TOT) has been utilized in the surgical management of SUI since 2001 when it was first described and is associated with minimal risk of trauma as its purely perineal insertion avoids entry to the retropubic space. Given its high success rate, low associated peri-operative morbidity and relative ease of insertion, it has been increasingly used as a day case procedure worldwide. AIM: This study aims to demonstrate the suitability of the transobturator tape (TOT) as a day surgery procedure in the Republic of Ireland...
September 28, 2016: Irish Journal of Medical Science
Astrid Balança
OBJECTIVE: We report an emphysematous cystitis in a diabetic patient complicated by peritonitis. OBSERVATIONS: A 66-year-old male presented to the emergency with septic shock. Patient's history: poorly controlled diabetes and prostate adenoma. Clinical examination revealed a surgical abdomen and signs of shock. Blood sugar was 6g/L. CRP 274mg/L. The abdomino-pelvic CT scan showed a perforated bladder with emphysema of the bladder wall and endoluminal air bubbles...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Kiril L Hristov, Shankar P Parajuli, Aaron Provence, Georgi V Petkov
In addition to improving sexual function, testosterone has been reported to have beneficial effects in ameliorating lower urinary tract symptoms by increasing bladder capacity and compliance, while decreasing bladder pressure. However, the cellular mechanisms by which testosterone regulates detrusor smooth muscle (DSM) excitability have not been elucidated. Here, we used amphotericin-B perforated whole cell patch-clamp and single channel recordings on inside-out excised membrane patches to investigate the regulatory role of testosterone in guinea pig DSM excitability...
September 7, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
Andrzej Ratajczak, Małgorzata Lange-Ratajczak, Adam Bobkiewicz, Adam Studniarek
This report reviews the most common surgical interventions and complications of chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Based on the current knowledge as well as our experience we detail the role of these surgical procedures. We supplement the reported knowledge in the field with our own experience in this area. The areas discussed include early complications such as surgical wound hemorrhage, bleeding from the catheter, intestinal perforation and urinary bladder perforation, dialysate leakage through the wound, as well as late complications including catheter kinking or occlusion, retention of fluid in the peritoneal recess, hernias and hydrothorax, and encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis...
September 6, 2016: Seminars in Dialysis
Chyi-Long Lee, Soshi Kusunoki, Kuan-Gen Huang, Kai-Yun Wu, Chen-Yin Huang, Chih-Feng Yen
OBJECTIVE: To assess the long-term outcomes of laparoscopic staging surgery (LSS) in treating patients with endometrial carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with endometrial cancer who underwent LSS between June 1995 and June 2014 were prospectively registered. Perioperative data, complications, disease recurrence, and long-term survival were measured. RESULTS: The study included 287 consecutive patients [mean age (± standard deviation), 53±10...
August 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Rakan I Odeh, Walid A Farhat, Frank J Penna, Martin A Koyle, Linda C Lee, Hissan Butt, Fahad A Alyami
INTRODUCTION: Ileocystoplasty is the standard technique used for bladder augmentation, and has been used widely for decades. However, it is known to be associated with complications such as stone formation, mucus production, metabolic acidosis, urinary tract infections, intestinal obstruction, and a long-term risk of bladder cancer. Seromuscular bladder augmentation (SMBA) is an alternative to the standard ileocystoplasty, and has been associated with a lower incidence of bladder stones...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Zheng Guan, Jingjie Liu
BACKGROUND: Greenlight laser transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) is a standard surgical method used to treat patients with prostate gland enlargement, it is safe and effective. CASE PRESENTATION: We report two cases of sudden occurence of hypotension and bradycardia during greenlight laser TURP. Two patients with benign prostatic hypertrophy were scheduled for greenlight laser TURP under spinal anesthesia. Hypotension and bradycardia were suddenly occurred during the operation...
2016: BMC Anesthesiology
Javier Pizarro-Berdichevsky, Michelle P Goldman, Howard B Goldman
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Urethral perforations after synthetic midurethral sling (MUS) placement are uncommon. Transvaginal removal is an option. The objective of this English and Spanish video is to demonstrate removal of an MUS that had perforated the urethra and the concomitant urethral reconstruction. METHODS: A 66-year-old woman with a history of an anterior and posterior colporrhaphy and a retropubic MUS 12 years earlier presented with difficulty voiding, recurrent urinary tract infections, and mild stress incontinence (SUI)...
August 15, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
Puvai Murugan P, Ramalingam M
75-year old gentleman presented with acute urinary retention. He had met with road traffic accident 15 years back and sustained pelvic fracture and bladder rupture, underwent bladder repair and open reduction and internal fixation of pubic symphsis. Imaging studies showed the free lying encrusted orthopedic screw in the bladder, which was removed per urethra using nephroscope. Migratory foreign bodies in the urinary bladder are rare. However there is a possibility of longstanding foreign bodies in adjacent structures to erode and perforate into the bladder...
September 2016: Urology Case Reports
Sarah Giutronich, Aurélien Scalabre, Thomas Blanc, Peter Borzi, Yves Aigrain, Mike O'Brien, Pierre D E Mouriquand, Yves Heloury
OBJECTIVE: Bladder perforation is not commonly described in bladder exstrophy patients without bladder augmentation. The goal of this study was to identify the risk factors of spontaneous perforation in non-augmented exstrophy bladders. METHODS: The study was a retrospective multi-institutional review of bladder perforation in seven male and two female patients with classic bladder exstrophy-epispadias (E-E). RESULTS: Correction of E-E was performed using Kelly repair in two and staged repair in seven (Table)...
July 16, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Georgios Sahsamanis, Konstantinos Maltezos, Panagiotis Dimas, Alexandros Tassos, Christos Mouchasiris
INTRODUCTION: Gallstone bowel obstruction is a rare form of mechanical ileus usually presenting in elderly patients, and is associated with chronic or acute cholecystitis episodes. CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of an 80year old female with abdominal pain, inability to defecate and recurrent episodes of diarrhea for the past 8 months. CT examination uncovered a cholecystoduodenal fistula along with gas in the gall bladder and the presence of a ≥2cm gallstone inside the small bowel lumen causing obstruction...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Marcelo Eller Miranda, Mariana Bueno de Sousa, Edson Samesima Tatsuo, Lucas Viana Quites, Alexandre Varella Giannetti
BACKGROUND: Bladder perforation by ventriculoperitoneal shunt is a rare complication that has been describe in 19 cases in prior literature. CASE DESCRIPTION: This work describes the case of a 4-month-old baby who presented with extrusion of the distal catheter through the urethra. The patient underwent a laparotomy; the catheter was cut close to the bladder wall and repositioned into the peritoneal cavity. The bladder wall was sutured, and the remaining distal portion of the catheter was removed through the urethra...
July 28, 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Seth A Cohen, Howard B Goldman
Perforation of a viscus with a mesh product either during or subsequent to pelvic floor reconstruction can be associated with devastating outcomes. If surgeons are going to place mesh, they also need to be familiar with symptoms concerning for perforation. The index of suspicion should always be present, as these patients can present years after initial mesh placement. The best opportunity for intervention in these serious complications is the first intervention. As bits of mesh are chipped away during attempted interventions, residual mesh fragments become disjointed, frayed, and scarred further, making their removal even more challenging, in addition to traumatizing likely already weakened tissues...
September 2016: Current Urology Reports
Rohsan Ozcan, Sinan Celayir, Mehmet Elicevik, Sergulen Dervisoglu, S N Cenk Buyukunal
Helicobacter Pylori was previously demonstrated at gastric patch after gastrocystoplasty and a possible relationship with acid-haematuria syndrome was established after symptomatic relief by medical treatment. We present the long term outcome of a male bladder exstrophy patient after gastrocystoplasty. There was past history of bladder perforation, acid haematuria syndrome and treatment of HP and recurrent urinary tract infections, noncompliance on regular follow-up and cadaveric renal transplantation. At the preoperative evaluation for renal transplantation HP was present in the biopsy samples collected during gastroscopy and cystoscopy...
July 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Shenghua Liu, Limin Zhang, Lujia Zou, Hui Wen, Qiang Ding, Haowen Jiang
BACKGROUND: The potential for transurethral resection (TUR) to result in residual tumors in patients with muscle invasive or high-risk non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) may affect local recurrence or progression. This study attempted to evaluate the feasibility and safety of cryoablation as an adjuvant therapy with TUR to treat bladder tumor. METHODS: Patients who met inclusion criteria between December 2014 and August 2015 in our institute was included...
October 2016: Cryobiology
Yan Li, Ming Lu, Lery Alvarez-Lugo, Gang Chen, Toby C Chai
AIMS: We studied in vitro and in vivo response of primary mouse bladder urothelial cells (mBUC) and bladder urothelium to lipopolysaccharides (LPS), focusing on granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) signaling. METHODS: Female C57BL/6 mBUC were exposed for 12 hr to differing concentrations of LPS (100 ng/ml to 10 µg/ml). mBUC were also exposed to a single dose of LPS (1 µg/ml) for 3, 6, 12 hr. Neutralizing GM-CSF antibody (0.1 μg/ml) was used block GM-CSF activity in vitro...
June 23, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Mena Bishay, R John D'A Honey
The authors present a case of intraperitoneal rupture of the bladder during transurethral resection of a bladder tumour (TURBT), which was managed conservatively. By passing a urethroscope - which was smaller in diameter than the perforation - through the hole, a small superficial burn was identified on the adjacent bowel and deemed benign, saving this patient with multiple comorbidities from having to undergo an open laparotomy. The bladder was drained with a Foley catheter to allow the perforation to heal and the patient was discharged without incident...
March 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
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