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"Sweet almond oil"

Arman Zargaran, Saeid Daneshamouz, Gholamreza Kordafshari, Abdolali Mohagheghzadeh
The Ergh-al-Nassa pill (Hab) is a traditional combination suggested as one of the most effective preparations useful for treatment of sciatica. Although traditional preparations can be applied as new therapeutic drugs for investigations and clinical trials, they need to be reformulated to achieve pharmacopoeial standards for modern medicine. In this research, based on seven traditional Persian pharmacopeias for Ergh-al-NassaHab, nine different molded tablets were reformulated. Each formulation comprised the same amount of colchicum, ginger, aloe and yellow myrobalan fruit...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Simone Gabbanini, Riccardo Matera, Alice Valvassori, Luca Valgimigli
A novel method for the UHPLC-MS/MS analysis of (E)-4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) is described. The method is based on derivatization of 4-HNE with pentafluorophenylhydrazine (1) or 4-trifluoromethylphenylhydrazine (2) in acetonitrile in the presence of trifluoroacetic acid as catalyst at room temperature and allows complete analysis of one sample of vegetable oil in only 21 min, including sample preparation and chromatography. The method involving hydrazine 1, implemented in an ion trap instrument with analysis of the transition m/z 337→154 showed LOD=10...
April 15, 2015: Analytica Chimica Acta
S Nardoni, L Mugnaini, L Pistelli, M Leonardi, V Sanna, S Perrucci, F Pisseri, F Mancianti
OBJECTIVE: Malassezia pachydermatis is a common cause of more widespread dermatitis in dogs (CMD). Recurrences are common, and this disorder can be very troubling for both dogs and for the pet owner. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The treatment of 20 dogs affected by dermatitis due to M. pachydermatis, with Malacalm(®), a commercially available mixture consisting of essential oils (Citrus aurantium 1%, Lavandula officinalis 1%, Origanum vulgare 0.5%, Origanum majorana 0...
September 2014: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
L Mugnaini, S Nardoni, L Pinto, L Pistelli, M Leonardi, F Pisseri, F Mancianti
The treatment of dermatophytoses due to Microsporum canis is cumbersome and relapses can occur. Volatile essential oils (EOs) obtained from plants would seem to represent suitable tools to contrast mycoses both in human and animals. The anti-M. canis activity of some EOs chemically characterized was evaluated both in vitro and in vivo. Eleven feline isolates of M. canis were tested by microdilution against EOs extracted from Thymus serpillum, Origanum vulgare, Rosmarinus officinalis, Illicium verum and Citrus limon...
June 2012: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
Winai Sayorwan, Vorasith Siripornpanich, Teerut Piriyapunyaporn, Tapanee Hongratanaworakit, Naiphinich Kotchabhakdi, Nijsiri Ruangrungsi
OBJECTIVE: Investigate the effects of lavender oil on the central nervous system, autonomic nervous system, and mood responses in humans after inhalation. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Twenty healthy volunteers participated in the experiments. The present study assessed autonomic parameters such as blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate, and skin temperature to determine the arousal level of the autonomic nervous system. In addition, subjects were asked to estimate their mood responses such as feeling pleasant or unpleasant, uncomfortable, sensuality, relaxation, or refreshing in order to assess subjective behavioral arousal...
April 2012: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
Hossein Saidi, Shayan Shojaie
INTRODUCTION: Aluminum phosphide (ALP), as an effective pesticide and a substance used for protecting rice during storage, has become one of the commonest causes of poisoning and even suicide in developing countries including Iran and India. The authors aimed to study the efficacy of sweet almond oil as an antidote in ALP toxicity. METHODS: The present experimental study was conducted over 35 rats. The animals were divided into four groups: one group as the control group and three other groups which received ALP alone or ALP and sweet almond oil with different time intervals...
May 2012: Human & Experimental Toxicology
Giannapia Affaitati, Ilaria Ceccarelli, Paolo Fiorenzani, Cosmo Rossi, Maria Caterina Pace, Maria Beatrice Passavanti, Caterina Aurilio, Giuseppina Sorda, Barbara Danielli, Maria Adele Giamberardino, Anna Maria Aloisi
To better define the involvement of gonadal hormones in the sex differences observed in experimental visceral pain, we administered antagonists of estrogen receptors (ICI 182,780 [ICI]) or androgen receptors (Flutamide [FLU]) to adult male and female rats suffering from artificial ureteral calculosis. Subjects were divided into groups and treated with one of the substances (ICI, FLU) or sweet almond oil (OIL, vehicle) for 5 days, starting 2 days before surgery. On day 3, animals underwent surgery, with half receiving an artificial calculosis (Stone) and half only a sham procedure...
January 2011: Hormones and Behavior
E Lamaud, A Huc, J Wepierre
Synopsis The non-saponifiable lipidic fractions of avocado and soya bean applied percutaneously to hairless rats for 15 days had been shown to produce biochemical modifications of dermal connective tissue components: increases of soluble collagen and of the ratio soluble collagen/insoluble collagen. In this present study, we tried to show whether these biochemical modifications could be confirmed by biophysical analytical methods and could affect the biochemical properties of the skin. The experiments were carried out on three groups of rats treated by application to the dorsal skin, either with 0...
August 1982: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
E Lamaud, A M Robert, J Wepierre
Synopsis The unsaponifiable lipidic fractions of avocado and soya bean were administered percutaneously, on the dorsal skin of hairless rats for 15 days, in a 5% sweet almond oil solution. This treatment produced a modification of dermal connective tissue components. The biochemical analysis showed an increase of soluble proteins, especially of salt soluble collagen together with a decrease of proteins insoluble in neutral buffer. The ratio, soluble proteins:insoluble proteins, increases as well as the ratio soluble collagen: insoluble collagen...
August 1979: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
J P Guillot, J Y Giauffret, M C Martini
Summary Different lots of a number of oils used in cosmetics were subjected to different storage times, analysed and their effects on rabbit eye and skin were assessed following the official French methods. The scoring system diverged slightly from the official method and was described in Part I (1). All products were tested pure in the eye test without rinsing and no corneal involvement was found. Slight congestion of the iris and conjuctivae was noted. The products showing the worst (slightly irritant) score were one sample each of avocado oil and ethyl esters of turtle oil...
February 1979: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
F Pisseri, A Bertoli, S Nardoni, L Pinto, L Pistelli, G Guidi, F Mancianti
Dermatophytes are a group of keratinophilic and keratinolytic molds, some of which are responsible for ringworm. Among them Trichophyton equinum, which mostly infects equids, can cause extensive outbreaks in stud farms. The conventional treatment of equine trichophytosis is topic, based upon medicated shampoos to reduce the spread of infection among the animals. Nevertheless the popularity of phytotherapy is at an all-time peak, and the interest for natural alternatives or complements to conventional drug therapy is challenging both in human and veterinary field...
November 2009: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
G Marti-Mestres, J Passet, H Maillols, V V Sam, J J Guilhou, J P Mestres, B Guillot
Synopsis A study was carried out on three water in oil emulsions and their respective oil-phases, petrolatum, liquid paraffin and sweet almond oil, in order to compare their occlusive properties and thus their influence on cutaneous hydration. An in vitro method using 'Patel'cells in a water-saturated atmosphere at controlled temperature enabled, in the first instance, the various emulsions and their oil-phases to be classified according to their permeability to water vapour. The results are in order of increasing degree of occlusion: sweet almond oil, liquid paraffin and petrolatum...
August 1994: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
L Vaivre-Douret, D Oriot, P Blossier, A Py, M Kasolter-Péré, J Zwang
BACKGROUND: Preterm newborns admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit are deprived of sensory stimulation. Tactile/kinaesthetic stimulation results in weight gain. Studies involving the cutaneous application of vegetable oils have shown improvement in somatic growth and on skin barrier function. OBJECTIVE: To assess the neurodevelopmental and biological benefits of the simultaneous use of multimodal stimulation (SMS) and the cutaneous application of vegetable oils...
January 2009: Child: Care, Health and Development
Isabel F Almeida, M Fernanda Bahia
Oleogels are semisolid systems obtained with an organogelator and a hydrophobic liquid that have been investigated over the past few years and that could play an important role as dermatological bases. Recently, we have developed an oleogel of sorbitan monostearate (19wt.%) and sweet almond oil (SM-SAO) and another one of cholesterol (3.5wt.%) and liquid paraffin (Ch-LP). The aim of this work is to access their physical stability using three different methodologies. The gels were stored at different temperatures (20 and 40 degrees C) over a 3-month period...
December 11, 2006: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
George T Lewith, Anthony Dean Godfrey, Philip Prescott
BACKGROUND: Insomnia is the most common of all sleep complaints and is under-researched. The current treatments of choice are conventional hypnotics agents, but these have potential for serious adverse reactions. Uncontrolled and anecdotal evidence suggests that lavender oil is an effective treatment for insomnia, but this has not been formally investigated. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to evaluate the proposed trial methodology and the efficacy of Lavandula augustifolia (lavender) on insomnia...
August 2005: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Hiroko Kuriyama, Satoko Watanabe, Takaaki Nakaya, Ichiro Shigemori, Masakazu Kita, Noriko Yoshida, Daiki Masaki, Toshiaki Tadai, Kotaro Ozasa, Kenji Fukui, Jiro Imanishi
This preliminary investigation compares peripheral blood cell counts including red blood cells (RBCs), white blood cells (WBCs), neutrophils, peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs), CD4(+), CD8(+) and CD16(+) lymphocytes, CD4(+)/CD8(+) ratio, hematocrit, humoral parameters including serum interferon-gamma and interleukin-6, salivary secretory immunoglobulin A (IgA). Psychological measures including the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) questionnaire and the Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) between recipients (n = 11) of carrier oil massage and aromatherapy massage, which includes sweet almond oil, lavender oil, cypress oil and sweet marjoram oil...
June 2005: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
C M Philpott, P C Goodenough, C R Wolstenholme, G E Murty
The physical properties of any carrier can deteriorate over time and thus alter the results in any olfactory test. The aim of this study was to evaluate clinically potential solvents as a clean odourless carrier for olfactory testing. Sweet almond oil, pure coconut oil, pure peach kernel oil, dipropylene glycol, monopropylene glycol, mineral oil and silicone oil were studied. The experimentation was conducted in two parts. First, an olfactory device was used to conduct air through the solvents on a weekly basis using a cohort of six volunteers to assess the perceived odour of each solvent at weekly intervals...
December 2004: Clinical Otolaryngology and Allied Sciences
V Lemaitre-Aghazarian, P Piccerelle, J P Reynier, J Joachim, R Phan-Tan-Luu, M Sergent
The aim of this research is to demonstrate the effect of variations in certain parameters of the oily phase (OP) in water-in-oil (W/O) emulsions on rheological and texture properties of finished products. The formulated emulsions were selected according to an optimal experimental procedure. The applied variations were nature of the OP, its volume fraction, the hydrophilic-lipophilic balance (HLB) value, and the surfactant proportion. Results are presented for the followed tests carried out on the emulsions: texture analysis, rheology, and particle size analysis...
2004: Pharmaceutical Development and Technology
A Esquisabel, R M Hernandez, M Igartua, A R Gascón, B Calvo, J L Pedraz
An emulsification/internal gelation method of preparing small-sized agarose microcapsules containing Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) is reported. Agarose microcapsules have been prepared by the emulsification of the hydrogel within a vegetable oil followed by its gelation due to the cooling of the system. Four different oils (sesame, sweet almonds, camomile and jojoba) were assayed. The rheological analysis of the oils showed a Newtonian behaviour, with viscosity values of 37.7, 51.2, 59.3 and 67.1 mPa s for jojoba, camomile, sesame and sweet almonds oil, respectively...
March 2002: Journal of Microencapsulation
P Thomas, A Boussuges, M Gainnier, V Quénée, S Donati, M L Ayem, A Barthélemy, J M Sainty
We report a case of fat embolism following self injection of vegetable oil in the penis, to treat an impotence. The patient developed respiratory failure and neurological disorders as confusion. A chest roentgenogram revealed diffuse alveolar infiltrate. Initially, he presented an hemoconcentration, and fat globules in his urine. The outcome was favourable in 72 hours, with oxygen and hydration. The diagnosis of fat embolism was made after neurological improvement: the patient admitted to injection his penis with vegetable oil, in his corpus cavernosum...
June 1998: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
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