keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Guidelines for management

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806568/a-simple-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-method-for-therapeutic-drug-monitoring-of-isavuconazole-and-four-other-antifungal-drugs-in-human-plasma-samples
#1
Giovanna Fatiguso, Fabio Favata, Ilaria Zedda, Amedeo De Nicolò, Jessica Cusato, Valeria Avataneo, Giovanni Di Perri, Antonio D'Avolio
Triazoles chanced the prevention and treatment of invasive fungal infections, but their pharmacokinetic properties are still unclear. In particular, isavuconazole (ISC) is a new broad-spectrum antifungal triazole approved in 2015 as first-line treatment for intravenous and oral use against invasive aspergillosis and for mucormycosis. Nowadays, the optimal management of the treatments with triazoles requires the use of Therapeutic Drug Monitoring (TDM), in order to prevent sub-therapeutic or toxic concentrations...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806346/optic-pathway-gliomas-in-neurofibromatosis-type-1-an-update-surveillance-treatment-indications-and-biomarkers-of-vision
#2
Peter M K de Blank, Michael J Fisher, Grant T Liu, David H Gutmann, Robert Listernick, Rosalie E Ferner, Robert A Avery
Optic pathway gliomas (OPGs) occur in 15%-20% of children with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), leading to visual deficits in fewer than half of these individuals. The goal of chemotherapy is to preserve vision, but vision loss in NF1-associated OPG can be unpredictable. Determining which child would benefit from chemotherapy and, equally important, which child is better observed without treatment can be difficult. Unfortunately, despite frequent imaging and ophthalmologic evaluations, some children experience progressive vision loss before treatment...
September 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806209/refractory-intracranial-hypertension-the-role-of-decompressive-craniectomy
#3
Martin Smith
Raised intracranial pressure (ICP) is associated with worse outcomes after acute brain injury, and clinical guidelines advocate early treatment of intracranial hypertension. ICP-lowering therapies are usually administered in a stepwise manner, starting with safer first-line interventions, while reserving higher-risk options for patients with intractable intracranial hypertension. Decompressive craniectomy is a surgical procedure in which part of the skull is removed and the underlying dura opened to reduce brain swelling-related raised ICP; it can be performed as a primary or secondary procedure...
August 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806160/delirium-in-hospitalized-patients-risks-and-benefits-of-antipsychotics
#4
REVIEW
Robyn Pauline Thom, Clare Kelleher Mock, Polina Teslyar
Consensus panel guidelines advocate for the judicious use of antipsychotic drugs to manage delirium in hospitalized patients when nonpharmacologic measures fail and the patient is in significant distress from symptoms, poses a safety risk to self or others, or is impeding essential aspects of his or her medical care. Here, we review the use of haloperidol, olanzapine, quetiapine, risperidone, and aripiprazole for this purpose.
August 2017: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806141/cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-saudi-arabia-a-comprehensive-overview
#5
Abuzaid A Abuzaid, Abdalmohsin M Abdoon, Mohamed A Aldahan, Abdullah G Alzahrani, Raaft F Alhakeem, Abdullah M Asiri, Mohamed H Alzahrani, Ziad A Memish
Despite the great efforts by health authorities in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) continues to be a major public health problem in the country. Many risk factors make KSA prone to outbreaks and epidemics; among these, rapid urbanization and the huge population movement are the most important. The disease is endemic in many parts of KSA, with the majority of cases concentrated in six regions, including Al-Qaseem, Riyadh, Al-Hassa, Aseer, Ha'il, and Al-Madinah. Leishmania major (L...
August 14, 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805567/nutrition-and-nonmotor-symptoms-of-parkinson-s-disease
#6
Laurie K Mischley
To date, no guidelines exist for the screening, evaluation, and management of nutritional status in PD. Dozens of studies demonstrate an association between diet in adulthood with subsequent risk of developing PD. Individuals with PD are at increased risk of malnutrition due to the increased metabolic demands and disease pathophysiology. Risk of malnutrition is further complicated by anosmia, swallowing difficulties, constipation, and drug-nutrient interactions. An emerging body of evidence suggests that the intestinal tract is affected early in the disease, creating therapeutic opportunities for early intervention...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805115/hindrances-to-achieve-professional-confidence-the-nurse-s-participation-in-ethical-decision-making
#7
Anne Storaker, Dagfinn Nåden, Berit Sæteren
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that nurses generally do not participate in ethical decision-making in accordance with ethical guidelines for nurses. In addition to completing their training, nurses need to reflect on and use ethically grounded arguments and defined ethical values such as patient's dignity in their clinical work. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this article is to gain a deeper understanding of how nurses deal with ethical decision-making in daily practice...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804831/solid-phase-immunoassay-for-the-detection-of-anti-%C3%AE-2-glycoprotein-i-antibodies
#8
Rohan Willis, Elizabeth Papalardo, E Nigel Harris
The discovery in the 1990s that the protein beta-2-glycoprotein I (β2GPI) was an antigen of central importance in the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) was soon followed by the development of ELISA assays capable of identifying anti-β2GPI antibodies recognizing this antigen. The determination of these antibodies has continued to play a major role in the management of APS patients because of their extremely high specificity for diagnosing the disease, despite their relatively poor sensitivity compared to anticardiolipin antibodies...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804830/solid-phase-immunoassay-for-the-detection-of-anticardiolipin-antibodies
#9
Rohan Willis, Elizabeth Papalardo, E Nigel Harris
The anticardiolipin (aCL) test was first developed in the 1980s and proved to be a valuable addition to the lupus anticoagulant assay for identifying patients with a disorder that came to be later known as the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). Although the test has relatively poor specificity for APS diagnosis, particularly at low positive levels, it has continued to play a major role in the identification and management of these patients because of its high sensitivity and ability to be measured in both serum and plasma, and despite concomitant presence of anticoagulants normally given to APS patients...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804507/2017-update-of-the-wses-guidelines-for-emergency-repair-of-complicated-abdominal-wall-hernias
#10
REVIEW
Arianna Birindelli, Massimo Sartelli, Salomone Di Saverio, Federico Coccolini, Luca Ansaloni, Gabrielle H van Ramshorst, Giampiero Campanelli, Vladimir Khokha, Ernest E Moore, Andrew Peitzman, George Velmahos, Frederick Alan Moore, Ari Leppaniemi, Clay Cothren Burlew, Walter L Biffl, Kaoru Koike, Yoram Kluger, Gustavo P Fraga, Carlos A Ordonez, Matteo Novello, Ferdinando Agresta, Boris Sakakushev, Igor Gerych, Imtiaz Wani, Michael D Kelly, Carlos Augusto Gomes, Mario Paulo Faro, Antonio Tarasconi, Zaza Demetrashvili, Jae Gil Lee, Nereo Vettoretto, Gianluca Guercioni, Roberto Persiani, Cristian Tranà, Yunfeng Cui, Kenneth Y Y Kok, Wagih M Ghnnam, Ashraf El-Sayed Abbas, Norio Sato, Sanjay Marwah, Muthukumaran Rangarajan, Offir Ben-Ishay, Abdul Rashid K Adesunkanmi, Helmut Alfredo Segovia Lohse, Jakub Kenig, Stefano Mandalà, Raul Coimbra, Aneel Bhangu, Nigel Suggett, Antonio Biondi, Nazario Portolani, Gianluca Baiocchi, Andrew W Kirkpatrick, Rodolfo Scibé, Michael Sugrue, Osvaldo Chiara, Fausto Catena
Emergency repair of complicated abdominal wall hernias may be associated with worsen outcome and a significant rate of postoperative complications. There is no consensus on management of complicated abdominal hernias. The main matter of debate is about the use of mesh in case of intestinal resection and the type of mesh to be used. Wound infection is the most common complication encountered and represents an immense burden especially in the presence of a mesh. The recurrence rate is an important topic that influences the final outcome...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803668/when-does-atopic-dermatitis-warrant-systemic-therapy-recommendations-from-an-expert-panel-of-the-international-eczema-council
#11
Eric L Simpson, Marjolein Bruin-Weller, Carsten Flohr, Michael R Ardern-Jones, Sebastien Barbarot, Mette Deleuran, Thomas Bieber, Christian Vestergaard, Sara J Brown, Michael J Cork, Aaron M Drucker, Lawrence F Eichenfield, Regina Foelster-Holst, Emma Guttman-Yassky, Audrey Nosbaum, Nick J Reynolds, Jonathan I Silverberg, Jochen Schmitt, Marieke M B Seyger, Phyllis I Spuls, Jean-Francois Stalder, John C Su, Roberto Takaoka, Claudia Traidl-Hoffmann, Jacob P Thyssen, Jorien van der Schaft, Andreas Wollenberg, Alan D Irvine, Amy S Paller
BACKGROUND: Although most patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) are effectively managed with topical medication, a significant minority require systemic therapy. Guidelines for decision making about advancement to systemic therapy are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To guide those considering use of systemic therapy in AD and provide a framework for evaluation before making this therapeutic decision with the patient. METHODS: A subgroup of the International Eczema Council determined aspects to consider before prescribing systemic therapy...
August 10, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803624/the-quality-of-primary-care-provided-by-nurse-practitioners-to-vulnerable-medicare-beneficiaries
#12
Catherine M DesRoches, Sean Clarke, Jennifer Perloff, Monica O'Reilly-Jacob, Peter Buerhaus
BACKGROUND: Studies suggest nurse practitioners are heavily represented among primary care providers for vulnerable Medicare beneficiaries. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare quality indicators among three groups of vulnerable beneficiaries managed by MDs and nurse practitioners (NPs). METHODS: The methods include retrospective cohort design examining 2012 and 2013 Medicare claims for three beneficiary groups: (a) initially qualified for the program due to disability, (b) dually eligible for Medicare and Medicaid, and (c) both disabled and dually eligible...
June 15, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803420/psychosocial-needs-and-facilitators-of-mothers-caring-for-children-with-duchenne-becker-muscular-dystrophy
#13
Holly L Peay, Bettina Meiser, Kathleen Kinnett, Aad Tibben
Care guidelines for Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy (DBMD) include recommendations for assessment of caregivers of patients with DBMD followed by proactive psychosocial interventions. To inform clinical assessment, this study described appraisals of psychosocial needs and caregiving facilitators of mothers of individuals with DBMD. Two hundred and five mothers completed an online survey. More than 50% endorsed unmet needs for managing uncertainty about the future and managing DBMD fears. Higher levels of unmet need were associated with less disease progression/earlier stage of DBMD (rho = -0...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803078/safety-and-effectiveness-of-palliative-drug-treatment-in-the-last-days-of-life-a-systematic-literature-review
#14
REVIEW
Kristian Jansen, Dagny Faksvåg Haugen, Lisa Pont, Sabine Ruths
CONTEXT: Dying patients commonly experience potentially distressing symptoms. Palliative care guidelines recommend opioids, anticholinergics, antipsychotics and benzodiazepines for symptom relief. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the effectiveness and safety of palliative drug treatment in the last days of life of adult patients, focusing on the management of pain, dyspnea, anxiety, restlessness, and death rattle. METHODS: A systematic search of the literature published before December 2016 in PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Cochrane, ClinicalTrials...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802983/systemic-and-local-management-of-burn-wounds
#15
REVIEW
Alessio Vigani, Christine A Culler
Management of severe burn injury (SBI) requires prompt, complex, and aggressive care. Despite major advances in the management of SBI-including patient-targeted resuscitation, management of inhalation injuries, specific nutritional support, enhanced wound therapy, and infection control-the consequences of SBI often result in complex, multiorgan metabolic changes. Consensus guidelines and clinical evidence regarding specific management of small animal burn patients are lacking. This article aims to review updated therapeutic consideration for the systemic and local management of SBI that are proven effective to optimize outcomes in human burn patients and may translate to small animal patients...
August 9, 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802422/management-of-neglected-acl-avulsion-fractures-a-case-series-and-systematic-review
#16
D K Chouhan, M S Dhillon, R John, A Khurana
INTRODUCTION: Neglected tibial eminence avulsion fractures of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) are uncommonly seen in modern times, but are fairly common due to a missed diagnosis/mismanagement in developing countries. OBJECTIVES: To determine the outcomes after open reduction and internal fixation of late presenting ACL avulsion fractures, and to review the literature for similar cases, in an attempt to evaluate the ideal surgical management in this unique scenario...
August 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802093/clinical-aspects-of-opium-adulterated-with-lead-in-iran-a-review
#17
Samira Alinejad, Jan Aaseth, Mohammad Abdollahi, Hossein Hassanian-Moghaddam, Omid Mehrpour
Adulteration of drugs with poisonous substances during production or consumption has caused numerous health problems. Among contaminants that have the potential of producing poisonous effects are the heavy metals lead, arsenic and thallium that make up an important group of toxic substances. The emergence of these new health problems related to opioid abuse has precipitated this MiniReview on the status of the most hazardous and common opioid adulterants. In fact, adulterated opium is a major public health problem and can threaten the health of users...
August 12, 2017: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801818/-branch-duct-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasm-surgical-approach
#18
REVIEW
J Kaiser, M W Büchler, T Hackert
Due to increasing precision of modern imaging modalities, intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMN) of the pancreas are found with increasing prevalence. Despite their malignant potential IPMN are often kept under surveillance and are not immediately resected. The 2012 International Consensus Guidelines of Fukuoka have been widely accepted for the management of IPMN. They recommend surgical resection for branch duct IPMN with "high risk stigmata", while branch duct IPMN with "worrisome features" should undergo observation without immediate resection...
August 11, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801434/comparative-effectiveness-of-six-chinese-herb-formulas-for-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-protocol-for-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#19
Shaonan Liu, Jing Chen, Yihan He, Lei Wu, Jiaqi Lai, Jinhong Zuo, Lihong Yang, Xinfeng Guo
INTRODUCTION: Chinese medicine is commonly used to combine with pharmacotherapy for the treatment of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD). Six Chinese herb formulas involving Weijing decoction, Maxingshigan decoction, Yuebijiabanxia decoction, Qingqihuatan decoction, Dingchuan decoction and Sangbaipi decoction are recommended in Chinese medicine clinical guideline or textbook, to relieve patients with phlegm-heat according to Chinese syndrome differentiation...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801396/the-sims-trial-adjustable-anchored-single-incision-mini-slings-versus-standard-tension-free-midurethral-slings-in-the-surgical-management-of-female-stress-urinary-incontinence-a-study-protocol-for-a-pragmatic-multicentre-non-inferiority-randomised-controlled
#20
Mohamed Abdel-Fattah, Graeme MacLennan, Mary Kilonzo, R Phil Assassa, Kirsty McCormick, Tracey Davidson, Alison McDonald, James N'Dow, Judith Wardle, John Norrie
INTRODUCTION: Single-incision mini-slings (SIMS) represent the third generation of midurethral slings. They have been developed with the aim of offering a true ambulatory procedure for treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) with reduced morbidity and earlier recovery while maintaining similar efficacy to standard midurethral slings (SMUS). The aim of this study is to determine the clinical and cost-effectiveness of adjustable anchored SIMS compared with tension-free SMUS in the surgical management of female SUI, with 3-year follow-up...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
keyword
keyword
115595
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"