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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766350/the-impact-of-using-different-doses-of-progesterone-on-memory-performance
#1
A Roozbehi, M T Sharafi, F Karimi, A M Kamali
OBJECTIVE: Progesterone is a sex hormone and its receptors are expressed throughout the hippocampus. This study was aimed at evaluating the effects of different doses of progesterone on memory. METHODS: Male rats were arbitrarily assigned to nine groups, namely Group I: control, Group II: control-cannula, Group III received 0.5 μl of saline by cannula, Groups IV , V, VI, VII and VIII received progesterone in doses of 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, and 3 μg/ 0.5 μl by cannula, respectively...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755904/synthesis-and-application-of-molecularly-imprinted-polymers-for-the-selective-extraction-of-organophosphorus-pesticides-from-vegetable-oils
#2
Sara Boulanouar, Audrey Combès, Sakina Mezzache, Valérie Pichon
The increasing use of pesticides in agriculture causes environmental issues and possible serious health risks to humans and animals. Their determination at trace concentrations in vegetable oils constitutes a significant analytical challenge. Therefore, their analysis often requires both an extraction and a purification step prior to separation with liquid chromatography (LC) and mass spectrometry (MS) detection. This work aimed at developing sorbents that are able to selectively extract from vegetable oil samples several organophosphorus (OPs) pesticides presenting a wide range of physico-chemical properties...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699726/in-vitro-digestibility-study-of-some-plant-protein-sources-as-aquafeed-for-carps-labeo-rohita-and-cyprinus-carpio-using-ph-stat-method
#3
Jai Gopal Sharma, Ashok Kumar, Deepak Saini, Nawang Lendup Targay, Bronson Kumar Khangembam, Rina Chakrabarti
Aquaculture, as a promising food industry, is expected to meet the demand for quality food from the increasing human population. As the diet is critical for feeding farm fish, such a faster growth in the industry is destined to create stress in the fishmeal market to supply diets to the tune. In this context, here, we studied the protein content of 20 plant ingredients, including aquatic weeds, cereals, pulses and oil-cakes using micro-Kjeldahl method and evaluated in vitro digestibility of these ingredients for rohu Labeo rohita and common carp Cyprinus carpio using pH-Stat method...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558981/natural-lipids-based-nlc-containing-lidocaine-from-pre-formulation-to-in-vivo-studies
#4
Lígia N M Ribeiro, Márcia C Breitkreitz, Viviane A Guilherme, Gustavo H R da Silva, Verônica M Couto, Simone R Castro, Bárbara O de Paula, Daisy Machado, Eneida de Paula
In a nanotechnological approach we have investigated the use of natural lipids in the preparation of nanostructured lipid carriers (NLC). Three different NLC composed of copaiba oil and beeswax, sweet almond oil and shea butter, and sesame oil and cocoa butter as structural matrices were optimized using factorial analysis; Pluronic® 68 and lidocaine (LDC) were used as the colloidal stabilizer and model encapsulated drug, respectively. The optimal formulations were characterized by different techniques (IR-ATR, DSC, and TEM), and their safety and efficacy were also tested...
August 30, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551710/on-the-mechanisms-of-melatonin-in-protection-of-aluminum-phosphide-cardiotoxicity
#5
Mohammad Hossein Asghari, Milad Moloudizargari, Maryam Baeeri, Amir Baghaei, Mahban Rahimifard, Reza Solgi, Abbas Jafari, Hamed Haghi Aminjan, Shokoufeh Hassani, Ali Akbar Moghadamnia, Seyed Nasser Ostad, Mohammad Abdollahi
Aluminum phosphide (AlP), one of the most commonly used pesticides worldwide, has been the leading cause of self-poisoning mortalities among many Asian countries. The heart is the main organ affected in AlP poisoning. Melatonin has been previously shown to be beneficial in reversing toxic changes in the heart. The present study reveals evidence on the probable protective effects of melatonin on AlP-induced cardiotoxicity in rats. The study groups included a control (almond oil only), ethanol 5% (solvent), sole melatonin (50 mg/kg), AlP (16...
May 27, 2017: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522139/in-vivo-confocal-raman-microscopic-determination-of-depth-profiles-of-the-stratum-corneum-lipid-organization-influenced-by-application-of-various-oils
#6
ChunSik Choe, Johannes Schleusener, Jürgen Lademann, Maxim E Darvin
BACKGROUND: The intercellular lipids (ICL) of stratum corneum (SC) play an important role in maintaining the skin barrier function. The lateral and lamellar packing order of ICL in SC is not homogenous, but rather depth-dependent. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to analyze the influence of the topically applied mineral-derived (paraffin and petrolatum) and plant-derived (almond oil and jojoba oil) oils on the depth-dependent ICL profile ordering of the SC in vivo. METHOD: Confocal Raman microscopy (CRM), a unique tool to analyze the depth profile of the ICL structure non-invasively, is employed to investigate the interaction between oils and human SC in vivo...
May 6, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521546/the-effect-of-aloe-vera-gel-and-sweet-almond-oil-on-striae-gravidarum-in-nulliparous-women
#7
Maryam Hajhashemi, Mahmoud Rafieian, Hojjat Allah Rouhi Boroujeni, Sepideh Miraj, Shadman Memarian, Atefeh Keivani, Fedyeh Haghollahi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Striae are linear depressions of the skin and causes psychological and sexual problems in person. Different methods are used to prevent and treat them but there is no definitive method. We compared the effect of Aloe vera gel and sweet almond oil on striae gravidarum. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this double-blind clinical trial, 160 nulliparous women were enrolled and randomly divided into three case groups and one control group. The four groups were given 700 g Aloe vera, sweet almond oil, and base cream to use topically on the abdominal skin and forth group don't receive any medication as control group in five steps, they were examined study's variables (itching, erythema, and spread of striae) using statistical tests in SPSS...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479605/effect-of-oils-extracted-from-plant-seeds-on-the-growth-and-lipolytic-activity-of-yarrowia-lipolytica-yeast
#8
Jolanta Krzyczkowska, Mariola Kozłowska
This study was aimed at evaluating the capability of Yarrowia lipolytica W29 for the synthesis of lipolytic enzymes in a medium containing plant oils from non-conventional sources with some components displaying bioactivity. Oils from almond, hazelnut, and coriander seeds were obtained by using n-hexane (Soxhlet method) and a chloroform/methanol mixture of solvents (Folch method), and their effect on the growth and lipolytic activity of Y. lipolytica was compared. A comparison of these two extraction methods showed that the extraction with n-hexane was less effective regarding the oil extraction yields than the extraction conducted according to Folch's procedure...
2017: Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456646/monoolein-alginate-beads-as-a-platform-to-promote-adenosine-cutaneous-localization-and-wound-healing
#9
Wing Y Ng, Amanda Migotto, Thamyres Soares Ferreira, Luciana B Lopes
Alginate beads containing the polar lipid monoolein were developed as a strategy to manage wet wounds by providing improved uptake of excess exudate while releasing adenosine locally for promotion of healing. To obtain monoolein-containing beads, the lipid was mixed with almond oil (2:1w/w), and emulsified within the alginate aqueous dispersion, followed by ionotropic gelation in CaCl2 solution. Compared to alginate-only, monoolein-alginate systems were 1.44-fold larger, their swelling ability was 1.40-fold higher and adenosine cumulative release was approximately 1...
September 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378606/efficacy-of-nano-and-microemulsion-based-topical-gels-in-delivery-of-ibuprofen-an-in-vivo-study
#10
Mosayeb Azizi, Fariba Esmaeili, Alireza Partoazar, Shahram Ejtemaei Mehr, Amir Amani
AIM: Nanoemulsion has shown many advantages in drug delivery systems. In this study, for the first time, analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties of a nanomelusion of almond oil with and without ibuprofen was compared with corresponding microemulsion and commercial topical gel of the drug using formalin and carrageenan tests, respectively. METHOD: Almond oil (oil phase) was mixed with Tween 80 and Span 80 (surfactants), and ethanol (co-surfactant) and them distilled water (aqueous phase) was then added to the mixture at once...
March 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348966/cassia-fistula-a-remedy-from-traditional-persian-medicine-for-treatment-of-cutaneous-lesions-of-pemphigus-vulgaris
#11
REVIEW
Fatemeh Atarzadeh, Mohammad Kamalinejad, Ladan Dastgheib, Gholamreza Amin, Amir Mohammad Jaladat, Majid Nimrouzi
OBJECTIVE: Pemphigus is a rare autoimmune disease that may be fatal without proper medical intervention. It is a blistering disease that involves both the skin and mucus membranes, in which the most important causes of death comprise superimposed opportunistic infections and complications of long-term high-dose corticosteroid therapy or prolonged consumption of immune suppressant drugs. Skin lesions are the most important sources of infection, and any local treatment decreasing the healing time of lesions and reducing the total dosage of drugs is favorable...
March 2017: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262033/fatty-acid-composition-and-anticancer-activity-in-colon-carcinoma-cell-lines-of-prunus-dulcis-seed-oil
#12
Filiz Mericli, Eda Becer, Hilal Kabadayı, Azmi Hanoglu, Duygu Yigit Hanoglu, Dudu Ozkum Yavuz, Temel Ozek, Seda Vatansever
CONTEXT: Almond oil is used in traditional and complementary therapies for its numerous health benefits due to high unsaturated fatty acids content. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the composition and in vitro anticancer activity of almond oil from Northern Cyprus and compared with almond oil from Turkey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Almond oil from Northern Cyprus was obtained by supercritical CO2 extraction and analyzed by GC-MS. Almond oil of Turkey was provided from Turkish pharmacies...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150418/efficient-salt-aided-aqueous-extraction-of-bitter-almond-oil
#13
Lei Liu, Xiuzhu Yu, Zhong Zhao, Lirong Xu, Rui Zhang
BACKGROUND: Salt-aided aqueous extraction (SAAE) is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly method of oil extraction that is influenced by many factors. In the present study, we investigated the effect of SAAE on bitter almond oil yield. RESULTS: This study used sodium bicarbonate solution as extraction solvent and the optimal extraction parameters predicted by Box-Behnken design (i.e., concentration of sodium bicarbonate, 0.4 mol L(-1) ; solvent-to-sample ratio, 5:1; extraction temperature, 84 °C; extraction time, 60 min), for oil recovery of 90...
February 2, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863613/effect-of-aromatherapy-massage-with-lavender-essential-oil-on-pain-in-patients-with-osteoarthritis-of-the-knee-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ahmad Nasiri, Mohammad Azim Mahmodi, Zohre Nobakht
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis of the knee is the most common chronic joint disease that involves middle aged and elderly people. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of aromatherapy massage with lavender essential oil on pain in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. METHODS: In this single-blinded, randomized clinical trial, 90 patients with osteoarthritis of the knee who referred to the outpatient rheumatology clinics affiliated with Birjand University of Medical Sciences were selected through convenience sampling method...
November 2016: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731832/report-renovation-of-a-traditional-ergh-al-nassa-pill-hab-to-a-standard-pharmaceutical-molded-tablet
#15
Arman Zargaran, Saeid Daneshamouz, Gholamreza Kordafshari, Abdolali Mohagheghzadeh
The Ergh-al-Nassa pill (Hab) is a traditional combination suggested as one of the most effective preparations useful for treatment of sciatica. Although traditional preparations can be applied as new therapeutic drugs for investigations and clinical trials, they need to be reformulated to achieve pharmacopoeial standards for modern medicine. In this research, based on seven traditional Persian pharmacopeias for Ergh-al-NassaHab, nine different molded tablets were reformulated. Each formulation comprised the same amount of colchicum, ginger, aloe and yellow myrobalan fruit...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623720/evaluation-of-two-injection-sclerosants-in-the-treatment-of-symptomatic-haemorrhoids-in-nigerians
#16
Cathlyn Akindiose, Olusegun Isaac Alatise, Olukayode Adeolu Arowolo, Augustine E Agbakwuru
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of 5% phenol in almond oil with 50% dextrose water as sclerosants in the treatment of first- to third-degree haemorrhoids. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective, comparative study conducted on eighty patients with first-, second- and third-degree haemorrhoids who consented to treatment by injection sclerotherapy with either 5% phenol in almond oil or 50% dextrose water. They were randomised equally into two groups...
July 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623180/pequi-caryocar-brasiliense-camb-almond-oil-attenuates-carbon-tetrachloride-induced-acute-hepatic-injury-in-rats-antioxidant-and-anti-inflammatory-effects
#17
Lucillia R de O Torres, Fernanda C de Santana, Francisco L Torres-Leal, Illana L P de Melo, Luciana T Yoshime, Emidio M Matos-Neto, Marília C L Seelaender, Cintia M M Araújo, Bruno Cogliati, Jorge Mancini-Filho
Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) is a potent hepatotoxin, capable of generating free radicals that lead to oxidative stress and the inflammation process. Pequi almond oil (PAO) has been reported to possess unsaturated fatty acid and antioxidant compounds related to beneficial effects on oxidation and inflammatory conditions. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the hepatoprotective effects of handmade and coldpressed PAO on CCl4-induced acute liver injury. The possible mechanisms underlying the effect on liver injury enzymes, histopathological parameters, lipid profile, lipid peroxidation, and antioxidant and detoxification defense systems, as well as inflammatory parameters, were determined...
November 2016: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590757/bioavailability-of-the-phenolic-antioxidant-4-methyl-2-6-diisobornylphenol-after-oral-administration
#18
G A Chernysheva, V I Smolyakova, E A Yanovskaya, A V Kutchin, I Yu Chukicheva, V V Udut, M B Plotnikov
We compared bioavailability of 4-methyl-2,6-diisobornylphenol after single intragastric administration to rats in a dose of 200 mg/kg in starch suspension and in almond oil. Absorption of 4-methyl-2,6-diisobornylphenol in the gastrointestinal tract after administration in almond oil was much more efficient than after administration in aqueous starch mucus.
August 2016: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575673/comparing-the-effects-of-aromatherapy-massage-and-inhalation-aromatherapy-on-anxiety-and-pain-in-burn-patients-a-single-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Alehe Seyyed-Rasooli, Feridoon Salehi, Asghar Mohammadpoorasl, Sakineh Goljaryan, Zahra Seyyedi, Brian Thomson
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and pain are recognized as major problems of burn patients; because pharmaceutical treatments for controlling anxiety and pain symptoms lead to complications and an increase in health costs, nonpharmacological nursing interventions were considered for this group of patients. This led to the present study aimed at comparing the effect of aromatherapy massage with inhalation aromatherapy for anxiety and pain in burn patients. METHODS: This single-blind clinical trial was carried out on 90 patients with burns <20%...
December 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27335145/the-effect-of-topical-rosa-damascena-rose-oil-on-pregnancy-related-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Mahbobeh Shirazi, Safieh Mohebitabar, Sodabeh Bioos, Mir Saeed Yekaninejad, Roja Rahimi, Zahra Shahpiri, Farhad Malekshahi, Fatemeh Nejatbakhsh
The study aimed to assess the efficacy of topical rose oil in women with pregnancy-related low back pain. A randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted on 120 women with pregnancy-related low back pain. Patients were allocated to 3 parallel groups to receive topical rose oil (in the carrier of almond oil), placebo (carrier oil), or no intervention. All groups were followed for 4 weeks. All participants were evaluated by Visual Analog Scale and the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaires to assess the pain intensity and its impact on daily activities before and after the intervention...
January 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
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