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"Almond oil"

Jia Chen, Lei Liu, Mengjun Li, Xiuzhu Yu, Rui Zhang
An improved colorimetric method for determination of cyanide content in bitter almond oil was developed. The optimal determination parameters were as follows: volume ratio of hydrochloric acid to bitter almond oil (v/v), 1.5:1; holding time for hydrolysis, 120 min; and volume ratio of distillation solution to bitter almond oil (v/v), 8:1. Analytical results showed that the relative standard deviations (SDs) of determinations were less than 10%, which satisfies the test requirements. The results of high-performance liquid chromatography and measurements exhibited a significant correlation (R = 0...
2018: Journal of Oleo Science
Ahmad Nasiri, Mohammad Azim Mahmodi
BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis is considered as one of the most prevalent musculoskeletal disorders which leads to joint degeneration and consequently disability in activities of daily living. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of aromatherapy massage with lavender essence on activities of daily living of patients with knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: This is a single-blinded, randomized clinical trial. A total of 90 patients with osteoarthritis of the knee referring to the outpatient rheumatology clinics affiliated to Birjand University of Medical Sciences were selected via convenience sampling method...
February 2018: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
Joshua A Zeichner, Diane Berson, Angela Donald
Hand dermatitis is estimated to affect greater than 15% of the general population. Childhood eczema, frequent hand washing, and occupational exposure to chemicals are predisposing factors. Hand dermatitis treatment involves both prevention of outbreaks and treatment of active disease. Moisturizers are essential to protect the skin from the environment, enhance hydration, and repair the skin barrier. They have been shown in large studies to prevent occupational related breakouts. Natural oils are commonly used in moisturizers for their moisturizing and emollient properties...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Bertrand Matthäus, Mehmet Musa Özcan, Fahad Al Juhaimi, Oladipupu Q Adiamo, Omer N Alsawmahi, Kashif Ghafoor, Elfadıl E Babiker
Oil content and bioactive properties of almond and walnut kernels were investigated in developing almond and walnut kernels at 10 days intervals. The oil contents of almond and walnuts after the first harvest (1.H) stage changed between 46.2% and 55.0% to 39.1% and 70.5%, respectively (p<0.05). Oleic acid contents of almond and walnut oils ranged from 71.98% (1.H) to 78.68% (5.H) and 10.51% (1.H) to 16.78% (2.H) depending on harvest (H) times, respectively (p<0.05). In addition, linolenic acid contents of walnut and almond oils were found between 62...
2018: Journal of Oleo Science
Ossama Kodad, Rafel Socias I Company, José M Alonso
Almond is the most important nut species worldwide and almond kernels show the highest levels of tocopherols among all nuts. In almond, tocopherols not only play a substantial role as a healthy food for human consumption, but also in protecting lipids against oxidation and, thus, lengthening the storage time of almond kernels. The main tocopherol homologues detected in almond in decreasing content and biological importance are α-, γ-, δ-, and β-tocopherol. Tocopherol concentration in almond depends on the genotype and the environment, such as the climatic conditions of the year and the growing management of the orchard...
January 5, 2018: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
Tzu-Kai Lin, Lily Zhong, Juan Luis Santiago
Plant oils have been utilized for a variety of purposes throughout history, with their integration into foods, cosmetics, and pharmaceutical products. They are now being increasingly recognized for their effects on both skin diseases and the restoration of cutaneous homeostasis. This article briefly reviews the available data on biological influences of topical skin applications of some plant oils (olive oil, olive pomace oil, sunflower seed oil, coconut oil, safflower seed oil, argan oil, soybean oil, peanut oil, sesame oil, avocado oil, borage oil, jojoba oil, oat oil, pomegranate seed oil, almond oil, bitter apricot oil, rose hip oil, German chamomile oil, and shea butter)...
December 27, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Zohre Feyzabadi, Fariborz Rezaeitalab, Shapour Badiee, Ali Taghipour, Fatemeh Moharari, Atefeh Soltanifar, Mohammad Reza Ahmadpour
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Violet oil is an ancient herbal drug which has been extensively used to treat insomnia in traditional Iranian Medicine clinics. Violet oil is an almond or sesame oil-based extract of Viola odorata, which is administered as nasal drops. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of Violet oil in the treatment of insomnia. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This study was conducted as a 3-arm double-blind randomized trial. A total of 75 patients with chronic insomnia were enrolled and randomly assigned to three groups in Traditional Iranian Medicine Clinic of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran...
March 25, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
A Roozbehi, M T Sharafi, F Karimi, A M Kamali
OBJECTIVE: Progesterone is a sex hormone and its receptors are expressed throughout the hippocampus. This study was aimed at evaluating the effects of different doses of progesterone on memory. METHODS: Male rats were arbitrarily assigned to nine groups, namely Group I: control, Group II: control-cannula, Group III received 0.5 μl of saline by cannula, Groups IV , V, VI, VII and VIII received progesterone in doses of 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, and 3 μg/ 0.5 μl by cannula, respectively...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
Sara Boulanouar, Audrey Combès, Sakina Mezzache, Valérie Pichon
The increasing use of pesticides in agriculture causes environmental issues and possible serious health risks to humans and animals. Their determination at trace concentrations in vegetable oils constitutes a significant analytical challenge. Therefore, their analysis often requires both an extraction and a purification step prior to separation with liquid chromatography (LC) and mass spectrometry (MS) detection. This work aimed at developing sorbents that are able to selectively extract from vegetable oil samples several organophosphorus (OPs) pesticides presenting a wide range of physico-chemical properties...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
Jai Gopal Sharma, Ashok Kumar, Deepak Saini, Nawang Lendup Targay, Bronson Kumar Khangembam, Rina Chakrabarti
Aquaculture, as a promising food industry, is expected to meet the demand for quality food from the increasing human population. As the diet is critical for feeding farm fish, such a faster growth in the industry is destined to create stress in the fishmeal market to supply diets to the tune. In this context, here, we studied the protein content of 20 plant ingredients, including aquatic weeds, cereals, pulses and oil-cakes using micro-Kjeldahl method and evaluated in vitro digestibility of these ingredients for rohu Labeo rohita and common carp Cyprinus carpio using pH-Stat method...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Experimental Biology
Lígia N M Ribeiro, Márcia C Breitkreitz, Viviane A Guilherme, Gustavo H R da Silva, Verônica M Couto, Simone R Castro, Bárbara O de Paula, Daisy Machado, Eneida de Paula
In a nanotechnological approach we have investigated the use of natural lipids in the preparation of nanostructured lipid carriers (NLC). Three different NLC composed of copaiba oil and beeswax, sweet almond oil and shea butter, and sesame oil and cocoa butter as structural matrices were optimized using factorial analysis; Pluronic® 68 and lidocaine (LDC) were used as the colloidal stabilizer and model encapsulated drug, respectively. The optimal formulations were characterized by different techniques (IR-ATR, DSC, and TEM), and their safety and efficacy were also tested...
August 30, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Mohammad Hossein Asghari, Milad Moloudizargari, Maryam Baeeri, Amir Baghaei, Mahban Rahimifard, Reza Solgi, Abbas Jafari, Hamed Haghi Aminjan, Shokoufeh Hassani, Ali Akbar Moghadamnia, Seyed Nasser Ostad, Mohammad Abdollahi
Aluminum phosphide (AlP), one of the most commonly used pesticides worldwide, has been the leading cause of self-poisoning mortalities among many Asian countries. The heart is the main organ affected in AlP poisoning. Melatonin has been previously shown to be beneficial in reversing toxic changes in the heart. The present study reveals evidence on the probable protective effects of melatonin on AlP-induced cardiotoxicity in rats. The study groups included a control (almond oil only), ethanol 5% (solvent), sole melatonin (50 mg/kg), AlP (16...
September 2017: Archives of Toxicology
ChunSik Choe, Johannes Schleusener, Jürgen Lademann, Maxim E Darvin
BACKGROUND: The intercellular lipids (ICL) of stratum corneum (SC) play an important role in maintaining the skin barrier function. The lateral and lamellar packing order of ICL in SC is not homogenous, but rather depth-dependent. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to analyze the influence of the topically applied mineral-derived (paraffin and petrolatum) and plant-derived (almond oil and jojoba oil) oils on the depth-dependent ICL profile ordering of the SC in vivo. METHOD: Confocal Raman microscopy (CRM), a unique tool to analyze the depth profile of the ICL structure non-invasively, is employed to investigate the interaction between oils and human SC in vivo...
May 6, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Science
Maryam Hajhashemi, Mahmoud Rafieian, Hojjat Allah Rouhi Boroujeni, Sepideh Miraj, Shadman Memarian, Atefeh Keivani, Fedyeh Haghollahi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Striae are linear depressions of the skin and causes psychological and sexual problems in person. Different methods are used to prevent and treat them but there is no definitive method. We compared the effect of Aloe vera gel and sweet almond oil on striae gravidarum. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this double-blind clinical trial, 160 nulliparous women were enrolled and randomly divided into three case groups and one control group. The four groups were given 700 g Aloe vera, sweet almond oil, and base cream to use topically on the abdominal skin and forth group don't receive any medication as control group in five steps, they were examined study's variables (itching, erythema, and spread of striae) using statistical tests in SPSS...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Jolanta Krzyczkowska, Mariola Kozłowska
This study was aimed at evaluating the capability of Yarrowia lipolytica W29 for the synthesis of lipolytic enzymes in a medium containing plant oils from non-conventional sources with some components displaying bioactivity. Oils from almond, hazelnut, and coriander seeds were obtained by using n-hexane (Soxhlet method) and a chloroform/methanol mixture of solvents (Folch method), and their effect on the growth and lipolytic activity of Y. lipolytica was compared. A comparison of these two extraction methods showed that the extraction with n-hexane was less effective regarding the oil extraction yields than the extraction conducted according to Folch's procedure...
2017: Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society
Wing Y Ng, Amanda Migotto, Thamyres Soares Ferreira, Luciana B Lopes
Alginate beads containing the polar lipid monoolein were developed as a strategy to manage wet wounds by providing improved uptake of excess exudate while releasing adenosine locally for promotion of healing. To obtain monoolein-containing beads, the lipid was mixed with almond oil (2:1w/w), and emulsified within the alginate aqueous dispersion, followed by ionotropic gelation in CaCl2 solution. Compared to alginate-only, monoolein-alginate systems were 1.44-fold larger, their swelling ability was 1.40-fold higher and adenosine cumulative release was approximately 1...
September 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Mosayeb Azizi, Fariba Esmaeili, Alireza Partoazar, Shahram Ejtemaei Mehr, Amir Amani
AIM: Nanoemulsion has shown many advantages in drug delivery systems. In this study, for the first time, analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties of a nanomelusion of almond oil with and without ibuprofen was compared with corresponding microemulsion and commercial topical gel of the drug using formalin and carrageenan tests, respectively. METHOD: Almond oil (oil phase) was mixed with Tween 80 and Span 80 (surfactants), and ethanol (co-surfactant) and them distilled water (aqueous phase) was then added to the mixture at once...
March 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
Fatemeh Atarzadeh, Mohammad Kamalinejad, Ladan Dastgheib, Gholamreza Amin, Amir Mohammad Jaladat, Majid Nimrouzi
OBJECTIVE: Pemphigus is a rare autoimmune disease that may be fatal without proper medical intervention. It is a blistering disease that involves both the skin and mucus membranes, in which the most important causes of death comprise superimposed opportunistic infections and complications of long-term high-dose corticosteroid therapy or prolonged consumption of immune suppressant drugs. Skin lesions are the most important sources of infection, and any local treatment decreasing the healing time of lesions and reducing the total dosage of drugs is favorable...
March 2017: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
Filiz Mericli, Eda Becer, Hilal Kabadayı, Azmi Hanoglu, Duygu Yigit Hanoglu, Dudu Ozkum Yavuz, Temel Ozek, Seda Vatansever
CONTEXT: Almond oil is used in traditional and complementary therapies for its numerous health benefits due to high unsaturated fatty acids content. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the composition and in vitro anticancer activity of almond oil from Northern Cyprus and compared with almond oil from Turkey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Almond oil from Northern Cyprus was obtained by supercritical CO2 extraction and analyzed by GC-MS. Almond oil of Turkey was provided from Turkish pharmacies...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
Lei Liu, Xiuzhu Yu, Zhong Zhao, Lirong Xu, Rui Zhang
BACKGROUND: Salt-aided aqueous extraction (SAAE) is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly method of oil extraction that is influenced by many factors. In the present study, we investigated the effect of SAAE on bitter almond oil yield. RESULTS: This study used sodium bicarbonate solution as extraction solvent and the optimal extraction parameters predicted by Box-Behnken design (i.e., concentration of sodium bicarbonate, 0.4 mol L(-1) ; solvent-to-sample ratio, 5:1; extraction temperature, 84 °C; extraction time, 60 min), for oil recovery of 90...
February 2, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
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