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Namitha Rachel Mathew, Sudha G Menon, Mariam Mathew
Wernicke's Encephalopathy (WE) is a potentially devastating disorder, which if not diagnosed and treated at the earliest, could lead to dangerous neurological and ophthalmological complications. We report the ocular manifestations of WE in a pregnant woman with hyperemesis gravidarum.
January 2018: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
Mariam El Cheikh, Ahmad Berjawi, Arafat Tfayli, Nadim Kanj
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
Maryam Dendana, Wael Bahia, Ramzi R Finan, Mariam Al-Mutawa, Wassim Y Almawi
BACKGROUND: This study addresses whether the association of adiponectin gene (ADIPOQ) variants with idiopathic recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) is influenced by obesity. METHODS: Retrospective case-control study performed in outpatient obstetrics/gynecology clinics. Study subjects comprised 308 women with RPL, defined as ≥ 3 consecutive miscarriages of unknown etiology, and 310 control women. ADIPOQ genotyping was done by allele exclusion method on real-time PCR...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
M Yolanda Cobo-Nuñez, Mariam El Assar, Pedro Cuevas, Alberto Sánchez-Ferrer, Jennifer Martínez-González, Leocadio Rodríguez-Mañas, Javier Angulo
Etamsylate is indicated for several anti-hemorrhagic indications in human and veterinary medicine. However, etamsylate has been shown to be effective only in specific haemorrhagic situations. Furthermore, mechanism of action of etamsylate is not known but recent research has shown its ability to inhibit heparin binding to several growth factors. We have evaluated the ability of etamsylate to interfere with the activities of heparin. Effects of etamsylate on vasodilatory activity of heparin were evaluated in rat aortic segments...
March 16, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
Majed Hababeh, Wafaa Zeidan, Mariam Abdel El-Kader, Anwar Al Thaher, Nimer Kassim, Elias Habash, Hasan Arab, Ali Khader, Akihiro Seita
BACKGROUND: UNRWA introduced family planning services in 1994 as an integral part of its expanded maternal and child health-care programme. The main objective of UNRWA's family planning programme is to promote the health of mothers, children, and their families. The aim of this follow-up study was to assess contraceptive practices in the target population 5 years after the 2010 follow-up study and to identify future programme needs. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey was a done by trained nurses from June 1 to Dec 31, 2015...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Filiz Mine Çizmecioğlu, Jeremy Huw Jones, Wendy Forsyth Paterson, Sakina Kherra, Mariam Kourime, Ruth McGowan, M Guftar Shaikh, Malcolm Donaldson
OBJECTIVE: Early diagnosis is of proven benefit in Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS). We therefore examined key perinatal features to aid early recognition. METHODS: Data were collected from case records of subjects attending a multi-disciplinary clinic and from a retrospective birth questionnaire. RESULTS: Ninety patients (54 male: 36 female) were seen between 1991-2015, most with paternal deletion (n=56) or maternal isodisomy (n=26). Features included cryptorchidism in 94% males, preterm birth (26%), birthweight <2500g (24%), polyhydramnios (23%), breech presentation (23%) and need for nasogastric feeding (83%)...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
Saahir Khan, Audrey Nakasone, Minoo Ghajar, Mariam Zhowandai, Sunita Prabhu, Rick Alexander, Julie Low, Ellena Peterson, Lauri Thrupp
For 94 patients with culture-positive pulmonary tuberculosis, time-to-detection (TTD), acid-fast bacilli (AFB) smear, and nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT) results were reviewed. All 12 patients whose first specimen was negative by AFB smear and NAAT had prolonged TTD, indicating low transmissibility and supporting discontinuing isolation for low-risk patients. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2018;1-3.
March 19, 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
Paulina Manyiri, Rodrick Kabangila, Christa Kasang, Martha F Mushi, Mariam M Mirambo, Stephen E Mshana
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the prevalence and factors associated with mycobacteremia and mortality among febrile HIV infected patients in developing countries. METHODS: A hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted among febrile HIV patients admitted at Bugando Medical centre and Sekou Toure hospital between November 2016 and March 2017. Blood culture was done on BACTEC Myco/F Lytic bottles. Clinical and demographic data were collected using pre-tested data collection tool...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
J M Morton, J E Pryce, M Haile-Mariam
Reproductive performance in dairy cows can be improved through genetic selection and herd management. Milk protein concentration is strongly associated with various measures of reproductive performance, but the relative importance of genetic and environmental components of these associations have not been defined. The primary objective of this study was to estimate the magnitudes of correlations and covariances between 9 reproductive performance traits in dairy cows and each of milk protein concentration and milk yield at 4 levels: genetic, permanent environmental effects of cow, herd-year-season, and residual levels...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Sophia Y Wang, Mariam S Hamid, David C Musch, Maria A Woodward
Importance: Nearly 2 million patients visit emergency departments (EDs) because of eye concerns annually in the United States. How hospitals currently assign these patients to treatment is important for designing systems that equitably allocate resources for eye care in urgent settings. Objective: To investigate factors associated with ophthalmology consultation for eye-related adult ED encounters to assess possible disparities by sex, race/ethnicity, language preference, or residential distance from the medical center...
March 15, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
Nika Abdollahi, Alexandre Albani, Eric Anthony, Agnes Baud, Mélissa Cardon, Robert Clerc, Dariusz Czernecki, Romain Conte, Laurent David, Agathe Delaune, Samia Djerroud, Pauline Fourgoux, Nadège Guiglielmoni, Jeanne Laurentie, Nathalie Lehmann, Camille Lochard, Rémi Montagne, Vasiliki Myrodia, Vaitea Opuu, Elise Parey, Lélia Polit, Sylvain Privé, Chloé Quignot, Maria Ruiz-Cuevas, Mariam Sissoko, Nicolas Sompairac, Audrey Vallerix, Violaine Verrecchia, Marc Delarue, Raphael Guérois, Yann Ponty, Sophie Sacquin-Mora, Alessandra Carbone, Christine Froidevaux, Stéphane Le Crom, Olivier Lespinet, Martin Weigt, Samer Abboud, Juliana Bernardes, Guillaume Bouvier, Chloé Dequeker, Arnaud Ferré, Patrick Fuchs, Gaëlle Lelandais, Pierre Poulain, Hugues Richard, Hugo Schweke, Elodie Laine, Anne Lopes
We present a new educational initiative called Meet-U that aims to train students for collaborative work in computational biology and to bridge the gap between education and research. Meet-U mimics the setup of collaborative research projects and takes advantage of the most popular tools for collaborative work and of cloud computing. Students are grouped in teams of 4-5 people and have to realize a project from A to Z that answers a challenging question in biology. Meet-U promotes "coopetition," as the students collaborate within and across the teams and are also in competition with each other to develop the best final product...
March 2018: PLoS Computational Biology
Jyothi Mariam Idiculla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Mariam Rahmani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 12, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
Ramadan Ahmed Mekheimer, Mariam Abdullah Al-Sheikh, Hanadi Yousef Medrasi, Najla Hosain Hassan Alsofyani
A convenient, fast and environmentally benign procedure for the synthesis of a new series of highly functionalized N -alkylated pyridines as privileged medicinal scaffolds was developed via a unique three-component reaction of easily available aromatic as well as heteroaromatic aldehydes, N -alkyl-2-cyanoacetamides and malononitrile in EtOH in the presence of K₂CO₃ as a base promoter under microwave irradiation. The presented tandem process is presumed to proceed via Knoevenagel condensation, Michael addition, intramolecular cyclization, autoxidation and subsequent aromatization...
March 9, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Neethu Mariam Joy, S Umesh
Assistive speech-based technologies can improve the quality of life for people affected with dysarthria, a motor speech disorder. In this paper, we explore multiple ways to improve Gaussian mixture model and deep neural network (DNN) based hidden Markov model (HMM) automatic speech recognition systems for TORGO dysarthric speech database. This work shows significant improvements over the previous attempts in building such systems in TORGO. We trained speaker-specific acoustic models by tuning various acoustic model parameters, using speaker normalized cepstral features and building complex DNN-HMM models with dropout and sequence-discrimination strategies...
March 2018: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
Sanne Charles Bodjo, Jean-de-Dieu Baziki, Nick Nwankpa, Ethel Chitsungo, Yao Mathurin Koffi, Emmanuel Couacy-Hymann, Mariame Diop, Daniel Gizaw, Idris Badri Adam Tajelser, Mamadou Lelenta, Adama Diallo, Karim Tounkara
Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is a contagious and economically important disease affecting production of small ruminants (i.e., sheep and goats). Taking into consideration the lessons learnt from the Global Rinderpest Eradication Programme (GREP), PPR is now targeted by the international veterinary community as the next animal disease to be eradicated. To support the African continental programme for the control of PPR, the Pan African Veterinary Vaccine Centre of the African Union (AU-PANVAC) is developing diagnostics tools...
March 8, 2018: Archives of Virology
Maia Kavanagh Williamson, Naomi Coombes, Florian Juszczak, Marios Athanasopoulos, Mariam B Khan, Thomas R Eykyn, Ushani Srenathan, Leonie S Taams, Julianna Dias Zeidler, Andrea T Da Poian, Hendrik Huthoff
Infection of primary CD4+ T cells with HIV-1 coincides with an increase in glycolysis. We investigated the expression of glucose transporters (GLUT) and glycolytic enzymes in human CD4+ T cells in response to infection with HIV-1. We demonstrate the co-expression of GLUT1, GLUT3, GLUT4, and GLUT6 in human CD4+ T cells after activation, and their concerted overexpression in HIV-1 infected cells. The investigation of glycolytic enzymes demonstrated activation-dependent expression of hexokinases HK1 and HK2 in human CD4+ T cells, and a highly significant increase in cellular hexokinase enzyme activity in response to infection with HIV-1...
March 7, 2018: Viruses
Samah Y Mohamed, Alexander Cory Davis, Mariam J Al Rashidi, S Mani Sarathy
Hydroperoxyalkylperoxy (OOQOOH) radical isomerization is an important low-temperature chain branching reaction within the mechanism of hydrocarbon oxidation. This isomerization may proceed via the migration of the α-hydrogen to the hydroperoxide group. In this work, a combination of high level composite methods - CBS-QB3, G3 and G4 - is used to determine the high-pressure-limit rate parameters for the title reaction. Rate rules for H-migration reactions proceeding through 5-, 6-, 7- and 8-membered ring transitions states are determined...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
David Ferrandiz-Mont, Nur Wahyuniati, Hsin-Jen Chen, Mulyadi Mulyadi, Tjut Mariam Zanaria, Dar-Der Ji
INTRODUCTION: Exact etiology and proper treatment of eczema are still unknown. The hygiene hypothesis and epidermal barrier dysfunction hypothesis attempted to give some plausible explanations for these issues but they still remain unclear. The identification of factors, including hygiene practices, related to eczema symptoms (ES) could shed some light on these matters. Therefore, this study aimed to determine risk factors related to ES and the ES prevalence in two disparate areas in terms of urbanization in Aceh, Indonesia...
March 7, 2018: Immunity, Inflammation and Disease
Marcel Hörning, Masaki Nakahata, Philipp Linke, Akihisa Yamamoto, Mariam Veschgini, Stefan Kaufmann, Yoshinori Takashima, Akira Harada, Motomu Tanaka
A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML and PDF versions of this paper. The error has been fixed in the paper.
March 6, 2018: Scientific Reports
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