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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937942/evaluating-the-effect-of-a-campus-wide-social-norms-marketing-intervention-on-alcohol-use-perceptions-consumption-and-blackouts
#1
Jinni Su, Linda Hancock, Amanda Wattenmaker McGann, Mariam Alshagra, Rhianna Ericson, Zackaria Niazi, Danielle M Dick, Amy Adkins
Objective To evaluate the effect of a campus-wide social norms marketing intervention on alcohol-use perceptions, consumption, and blackouts at a large, urban, public university. Participants 4,172 college students (1,208 freshmen, 1,159 sophomores, 953 juniors, 852 seniors) who completed surveys in Spring 2015 for the Spit for Science Study, a longitudinal study of students' substance use and emotional health. Methods Participants were emailed an online survey that queried campaign readership, perception of peer alcohol use, alcohol consumption, frequency of consumption and frequency of blackouts...
September 22, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935361/shading-and-simulated-grazing-increase-the-sulphide-pool-and-methane-emission-in-a-tropical-seagrass-meadow
#2
Liberatus D Lyimo, Martin Gullström, Thomas J Lyimo, Diana Deyanova, Martin Dahl, Mariam I Hamisi, Mats Björk
Though seagrass meadows are among the most productive habitats in the world, contributing substantially to long-term carbon storage, studies of the effects of critical disturbances on the fate of carbon sequestered in the sediment and biomass of these meadows are scarce. In a manipulative in situ experiment, we studied the effects of successive loss of seagrass biomass as a result of shading and simulated grazing at two intensity levels on sulphide (H2S) content and methane (CH4) emission in a tropical seagrass meadow in Zanzibar (Tanzania)...
September 18, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931421/magnitude-of-the-cytomegalovirus-infection-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-clinics-in-the-city-of-mwanza-tanzania
#3
Elieza Chibwe, Mariam M Mirambo, Albert Kihunrwa, Stephen E Mshana
BACKGROUND: Despite, Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection being associated with a potential risk to the fetus, there is limited data from Tanzania and many other developing countries regarding the epidemiology and the impact of CMV infections. This cross-sectional study was conducted between December 2014 and June 2015 among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in the city of Mwanza, Tanzania to investigate the magnitude and associated factors of CMV infection. METHODS: The specific CMV IgM and IgG antibodies were detected using indirect enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
September 20, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930826/infective-endocarditis-in-patients-with-cancer-a-consequence-of-invasive-procedures-or-a-harbinger-of-neoplasm-a-prospective-multicenter-cohort
#4
Ana Fernández-Cruz, Patricia Muñoz, Carmen Sandoval, Carmen Fariñas, Manuel Gutiérrez-Cuadra, Juan M Pericás Pulido, José M Miró, Miguel Á Goenaga-Sánchez, Arístides de Alarcón, Francisco Bonache-Bernal, MªÁngeles Rodríguez, Mariam Noureddine, Emilio Bouza Santiago
The aim of the study was to draw a comparison between the characteristics of infective endocarditis (IE) in patients with cancer and those of IE in noncancer patients.Patients with IE, according to the modified Duke criteria, were prospectively included in the GAMES registry between January 2008 and February 2014 in 30 hospitals. Patients with active cancer were compared with noncancer patients.During the study period, 161 episodes of IE fulfilled the inclusion criteria. We studied 2 populations: patients whose cancer was diagnosed before IE (73...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929031/procalcitonin-a-powerful-rescuer-on-surgical-floors
#5
EDITORIAL
Ahsan Zil-E-Ali, Syeda Naqvi, Mariam Tariq
Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a rare but life-threatening medical and surgical emergency. It is characterized by necrosis of the soft tissue leaving the overlying tissue unaffected, which delays the diagnosis and treatment. Delay in recognition of the severity of necrotizing fasciitis might lead to serious morbidity and mortality. Diagnosis of NF relies on strong clinical judgment, predictable by severe pain, erythema, and a presence of air under the skin, but all of them are not always present. Management of NF is prompt surgical intervention and antimicrobial therapy...
July 8, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928458/agonist-immunotherapy-restores-t-cell-function-following-mek-inhibition-improving-efficacy-in-breast-cancer
#6
Sathana Dushyanthen, Zhi Ling Teo, Franco Caramia, Peter Savas, Christopher P Mintoff, Balaji Virassamy, Melissa A Henderson, Stephen J Luen, Mariam Mansour, Michael H Kershaw, Joseph A Trapani, Paul J Neeson, Roberto Salgado, Grant A McArthur, Justin M Balko, Paul A Beavis, Phillip K Darcy, Sherene Loi
The presence of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes in triple-negative breast cancers is correlated with improved outcomes. Ras/MAPK pathway activation is associated with significantly lower levels of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes in triple-negative breast cancers and while MEK inhibition can promote recruitment of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes to the tumor, here we show that MEK inhibition adversely affects early onset T-cell effector function. We show that α-4-1BB and α-OX-40 T-cell agonist antibodies can rescue the adverse effects of MEK inhibition on T cells in both mouse and human T cells, which results in augmented anti-tumor effects in vivo...
September 19, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919481/feasibility-of-implementing-group-well-baby-well-woman-dyad-care-at-federally-qualified-health-centers
#7
Gabriela Duran, Mariam Faiz-Nassar, Kristin Mmari, Cynthia S Minkovitz, Katherine A Connor
OBJECTIVE: Group care has been shown to be effective for delivery of infant well child care. Centering Parenting™ (CP) is a model of group dyad care for mothers and infants. CP may improve quality and efficiency of preventive care, particularly for low income families. Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHC) may be optimal sites for implementation, however facilitators and barriers may be unique. The aim of this qualitative study was to assess stakeholder perspectives on the feasibility of implementing Centering Parenting(TM) in FQHCs in Baltimore...
September 14, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905380/enhancing-blood-donor-skin-disinfection-using-natural-oils
#8
Meshari Alabdullatif, Imen Boujezza, Mohamed Mekni, Mariam Taha, Dilini Kumaran, Qi-Long Yi, Ahmed Landoulsi, Sandra Ramirez-Arcos
BACKGROUND: Effective donor skin disinfection is essential in preventing bacterial contamination of blood components with skin flora bacteria like Staphylococcus epidermidis. Cell aggregates of S. epidermidis (biofilms) are found on the skin and are resistant to the commonly used donor skin disinfectants chlorhexidine-gluconate and isopropyl alcohol. It has been demonstrated that essential oils synergistically enhance the antibacterial activity of chlorhexidine-gluconate. The objective of this study was to test plant-extracted essential oils in combination with chlorhexidine-gluconate or chlorhexidine-gluconate plus isopropyl alcohol for their ability to eliminate S...
September 14, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905056/surface-alteration-of-calcite-interpreting-macroscopic-observations-by-means-of-afm
#9
Mariam Ali Al Mahri, Mashael Alshehhi, Tuza Olukan, Mijael Rodrigo Vargas, Annalisa Molini, Saeed Alhassan, Matteo Chiesa
Wettability has been recognized to play a fundamental role in the efficacy of water flooding processes of carbonate oil and gas reservoirs. However, the theoretical mechanism governing this process is still not entirely understood. This can be partly attributed to the absence of ad hoc tools and standardized sample-preparation methodologies for comprehensive transient characterization of the mineral surface. Here, we use atomic force microscopy (AFM) to investigate the effect of different calcite sample-preparation methodologies in estimating the macroscopic water static contact angle (SCA)...
September 14, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903839/comparison-of-cognitive-professionalism-in-residents-of-public-and-private-hospitals-of-karachi
#10
Nighat Shah, Masood Javed, Nusrat Shah, Mariam Soomro
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare the cognitive professionalism in resident medical officers (RMOs) of public and private hospitals of Karachi. STUDY DESIGN: Across-sectional survey. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Civil Hospital and Ziauddin Medical University Clifton Campus, Karachi, from August to December 2014. METHODOLOGY: This survey was conducted in one public and one private medical college. All residents from Gynecology and Obstetrics, Medicine and Surgery departments were included with non-probability purposive sampling...
August 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901654/clinical-learning-environments-place-artefacts-and-rhythm
#11
Dale Sheehan, Tanisha Jowsey, Mariam Parwaiz, Mark Birch, Philippa Seaton, Susan Shaw, Alison Duggan, Tim Wilkinson
CONTEXT: Health care practitioners learn through experience in clinical environments in which supervision is a key component, but how that learning occurs outside the supervision relationship remains largely unknown. This study explores the environmental factors that inform and support workplace learning within a clinical environment. METHODS: An observational study drawing on ethnographic methods was undertaken in a general medicine ward. Observers paid attention to interactions among staff members that involved potential teaching and learning moments that occurred and were visible in the course of routine work...
October 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890149/distinct-roles-for-the-deacetylase-domain-of-hdac3-in-the-hippocampus-and-medial-prefrontal-cortex-in-the-formation-and-extinction-of-memory
#12
Yasaman Alaghband, Janine L Kwapis, Alberto J López, André O White, Osasumwen V Aimiuwu, Amni Al-Kachak, Kasuni K Bodinayake, Nicole C Oparaugo, Richard Dang, Mariam Astarabadi, Dina P Matheos, Marcelo A Wood
Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are chromatin modifying enzymes that have been implicated as powerful negative regulators of memory processes. HDAC3has been shown to play a pivotal role in long-term memory for object location as well as the extinction of cocaine-associated memory, but it is unclear whether this function depends on the deacetylase domain of HDAC3. Here, we tested whether the deacetylase domain of HDAC3has a role in object location memory formation as well as the formation and extinction of cocaine-associated memories...
September 8, 2017: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888871/interplay-of-mitochondria-apoptosis-regulatory-factors-and-micrornas-in-valvular-heart-disease
#13
Muhammad Ishtiaq Jan, Riaz Anwar Khan, Tahir Ali, Muhammad Bilal, Long Bo, Abdul Sajid, Abdul Malik, Naseeb Urehman, Nayyar Waseem, Javed Nawab, Murad Ali, Abdul Majeed, Hamid Ahmad, Sohail Aslam, Sadia Hamera, Aneesa Sultan, Mariam Anees, Qamar Javed, Iram Murtaza
Valvular heart disease (VHD) is an active process involving a wide range of pathological changes. The major complications of VHD are stenosis and regurgitation, which are macroscopic phenomena, induced in part through cellular changes. Altered expression of mitochondria associated genes causes membrane potential depolarization, leading to the increased levels of apoptosis observed in cardiac dysfunction. Objective of this study is to find molecular medicine candidates that can control expression of the key mitochondria apoptosis regulatory genes...
September 6, 2017: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888494/stress-anxiety-depression-and-sleep-disturbance-among-jordanian-mothers-and-fathers-of-infants-admitted-to-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-a-preliminary-study
#14
Dua'a Fayiz Al Maghaireh, Khatijah Lim Abdullah, Mei Chan Chong, Yan Piaw Chua, Mariam Mefleh Al Kawafha
PURPOSE: To investigate the stressors and stress levels among Jordanian parents of infants in the NICU and their relationship to three factors: anxiety, depression and sleep disturbance. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in two hospitals in Jordan among 310 parents of infants in the NICU by using PSS: NICU and PROMIS. RESULTS: Both parents experienced high levels of stress, anxiety, depression and sleep disturbance...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883657/deamination-independent-restriction-of-line-1-retrotransposition-by-apobec3h
#15
Yuqing Feng, Mariam H Goubran, Tyson B Follack, Linda Chelico
The APOBEC3 family of cytosine deaminase enzymes are able to restrict replication of retroelements, such as LINE-1. However, each of the seven APOBEC3 enzymes have been reported to act differentially to prevent LINE-1 retrotransposition and the mechanisms of APOBEC3-mediated LINE-1 inhibition has not been well understood. The prevailing view for many years was that APOBEC3-mediated LINE-1 inhibition was deamination-independent and relied on APOBEC3s blocking the LINE-1 reverse transcriptase DNA polymerization or transport of the LINE-1 RNA into the nucleus...
September 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876295/y-chromosome-dna-in-women-s-vaginal-samples-as-a-biomarker-of-recent-vaginal-sex-and-condom-use-with-male-partners-in-the-hpv-infection-and-transmission-among-couples-through-heterosexual-activity-cohort-study
#16
Talía Malagón, Ann Burchell, Mariam El-Zein, Julie Guénoun, Pierre-Paul Tellier, François Coutlée, Eduardo L Franco
BACKGROUND: Y chromosome DNA from male epithelial and sperm cells was detected in vaginal samples after unprotected sex in experimental studies. We assessed the strength of this association in an observational setting to examine the utility of Y chromosome DNA as a biomarker of recent sexual behaviors in epidemiological studies. METHODS: The HPV (human papillomavirus) Infection and Transmission Among Couples Through Heterosexual Activity cohort study enrolled 502 women attending a university or college in Montréal, Canada, and their male partners from 2005 to 2010...
August 4, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874500/reducing-tb-among-central-asia-labor-migrants
#17
EDITORIAL
Bakhtiyar Babamuradov, Alexander Trusov, Mariam Sianozova, Zhanna Zhandauletova
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870935/detection-of-ductal-carcinoma-in-situ-by-ultrasound-and-mammography-size-dependent-inaccuracy
#18
Christian Eichler, Sharareh Abrar, Julian Puppe, Mariam Arndt, Ralf Ohlinger, Markus Hahn, Mathias Warm
BACKGROUND: Retrospective analysis of breast cancer imaging methods is a common tool for evaluating the effectiveness of ultrasound and mammography regarding ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). No large number subpopulation of pure DCIS has been reported. It is however known that mammography and ultrasound underestimate tumor dimension with increasing tumor size. We aimed to quantify this discrepancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective analysis reviewed the ultrasound and mammography data from 173 patients with DCIS at the University of Cologne - Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics between the years 2007 and 2010...
September 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863869/intention-to-accept-pertussis-vaccine-among-pregnant-women-in-karachi-pakistan
#19
Mariam Siddiqui, Afshin Alaf Khan, Aiden Kennedy Varan, Alejandra Esteves-Jaramillo, Shazia Sultana, Asad S Ali, Anita K M Zaidi, Saad B Omer
BACKGROUND: Maternal immunization against pertussis is a potential strategy to protect young infants from severe disease. We assessed factors associated with intention to accept pertussis vaccination among pregnant women in Karachi, Pakistan. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey between May and August 2013 in pregnant women who visited healthcare centers in urban slums of Karachi city. Women completed a survey examining socio-demographic factors, vaccination history, knowledge on pertussis disease, perception of vaccine recommendation sources, and potential influences on vaccine decision-making...
September 25, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860890/views-on-an-active-learning-curriculum-improving-knowledge
#20
COMMENT
Mariam Salaria
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
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