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obese, obesity, airway. sepsis

Taiki Kojima, Elizabeth K Laverriere, Erin B Owen, Ilana Harwayne-Gidansky, Asha N Shenoi, Natalie Napolitano, Kyle J Rehder, Michelle A Adu-Darko, Sholeen T Nett, Debbie Spear, Keith Meyer, John S Giuliano, Keiko M Tarquinio, Ronald C Sanders, Jan Hau Lee, Dennis W Simon, Paula A Vanderford, Anthony Y Lee, Calvin A Brown, Peter W Skippen, Ryan K Breuer, Iris Toedt-Pingel, Simon J Parsons, Eleanor A Gradidge, Lily B Glater, Kathleen Culver, Simon Li, Lee A Polikoff, Joy D Howell, Gabrielle Nuthall, Gokul K Bysani, Ana L Graciano, Guillaume Emeriaud, Osamu Saito, Alberto Orioles, Karen Walson, Philipp Jung, Awni M Al-Subu, Takanari Ikeyama, Rakshay Shetty, Kathleen M Yoder, Vinay M Nadkarni, Akira Nishisaki
OBJECTIVES: External laryngeal manipulation is a commonly used maneuver to improve visualization of the glottis during tracheal intubation in children. However, the effectiveness to improve tracheal intubation attempt success rate in the nonanesthesia setting is not clear. The study objective was to evaluate the association between external laryngeal manipulation use and initial tracheal intubation attempt success in PICUs. DESIGN: A retrospective observational study using a multicenter emergency airway quality improvement registry...
February 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
G Twig, N Geva, H Levine, E Derazne, N Goldberger, Z Haklai, A Leiba, J D Kark
BACKGROUND: Obesity was linked to altered immunity, but also to favorable outcomes among patients with infectious disease (ID) in some settings. We assessed the association between adolescent body mass index (BMI) and ID mortality. METHODS: BMI of 2 294 139 Israeli adolescents (60% men; age 17.4±0.3 years) was measured between 1967 and 2010. The outcome, obtained by linkage with official national records, was death due to ID as the underlying cause. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards models were applied...
October 30, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Antonio Sica, Marco Erreni, Paola Allavena, Chiara Porta
Macrophages are cells of the innate immunity constituting the mononuclear phagocyte system and endowed with remarkable different roles essential for defense mechanisms, development of tissues, and homeostasis. They derive from hematopoietic precursors and since the early steps of fetal life populate peripheral tissues, a process continuing throughout adult life. Although present essentially in every organ/tissue, macrophages are more abundant in the gastro-intestinal tract, liver, spleen, upper airways, and brain...
November 2015: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
Siavash Falahatkar, Mani Mohiti Asli, Seyedeh Atefeh Emadi, Ahmad Enshaei, Hedayat Pourhadi, Aliakbar Allahkhah
To determine the effects of previous stone surgery on the results of complete supine percutaneous nephrolithotomy (csPCNL), we reviewed 81 patients undergoing csPCNL at our center between March 2008 and March 2009. The principal aim in our study was whether prior renal surgery affects the outcome of PCNL. The results of the study were analyzed using SPSS 11 software. Our patients were divided to in two groups. Group 1 consisted of patients with a previous history of renal stone surgery and group 2 consisted of patients without history of renal surgery...
August 2011: Urological Research
G M Cooper, J H McClure
This chapter concerning maternal mortality due to anaesthesia, reprinted with permission from Saving Mothers' Lives, is the 18th in a series of reports within the Confidential Enquiries into Maternal and Child Health (CEMACH) in the UK. In the years 2003-05 there were six women who died from problems directly related to anaesthesia, which is the same as the 2000-02 triennium. Obesity was a factor in four of these women who died. Two of these deaths were in women in early pregnancy, who received general anaesthesia for gynaecological surgery by inexperienced anaesthetists who failed to manage the airway and ventilation adequately...
January 2008: British Journal of Anaesthesia
A El-Solh, P Sikka, E Bozkanat, W Jaafar, J Davies
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical course, complications, and prognostic factors of morbidly obese patients admitted to the ICU compared to a control group of nonobese patients. DESIGN: A retrospective study. SETTING: Two university-affiliated hospitals. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 117 morbidly obese patients (body mass index >/= 40 kg/m(2)) admitted to the medical ICU between January 1994 and June 2000...
December 2001: Chest
N Snow, R B Fratianne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2001: Journal of Trauma
T Hauer, D Huzly, P Gastmeier, N Schlingmann, M Schumacher, H Rüden, F Daschner
In a German multicenter survey, 2206 gynaecological patients in 72 randomly selected hospitals were examined for the prevalence of nosocomial infections and possible risk factors. Hospital-acquired infections were diagnosed in 1.45% of the patients. The most common localisation was the urinary tract (0.91%). Septicaemia, vaginitis and infections of the upper and lower airways were only rarely seen. The following endogenous risk factors were identified: diseases of the cardiovascular system (16.1%), malignancies (12...
October 1996: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
G Lau
A retrospective study of 116 cases of fatal pulmonary thromboembolism, drawn from a total of 11,044 Coroner's autopsies, conducted over a 5-year period, yielded a necropsy prevalence of 1.05%, with an annual incidence varying between 0.78%-1.32%. There was a statistically significant peak monthly incidence of 1.89% in September (P < 0.03), as well as significantly higher rates between April to September as a whole, compared to the rest of the year (P < 0.03). There was a marked preponderance of females (male:female ratio = 0...
May 1995: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
S Sabanathan, J Eng, A J Mearns
Major alteration in respiratory mechanics occur in all patients following anaesthesia and thoracotomy because of a decrease in the functional residual capacity with minimal change in the closing volume leading to airway closure during tidal breathing and atelectasis. Diminished pulmonary reserve, because of non-pulmonary and pulmonary risk factors before operation, and/or restrictive ventilation and abnormal pattern of breathing due to postoperative pain sustain and aggravate these changes. These can proceed to postoperative pulmonary complications in some normal, and in many high risk, patients...
June 1990: Journal of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh
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