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Melissa A de Moraes Silva, Rimarcs G Ferreira, Seleno G de Jesus-Silva, Rodolfo S Cardoso, Fausto Miranda
Background Sclerotherapy has been gaining increased acceptance and popularity as an effective therapy for the treatment of varicose veins. This attention has fed growing interest into the safety and potential complications of this procedure. There is no evidence of pulmonary complications from foam sclerotherapy in humans; however, animal studies have shown possible damage. The aim of this study is to show the changes in rat pulmonary parenchyma after the injection of 1% polidocanol Tessari foam into the peripheral vein using histological analysis of the inflammatory and fibrosis processes...
January 1, 2017: Phlebology
R Branson, K Naidu, C du Toit, A H Rotstein, R Kiss, D McMillan, L Fooks, B K Coombes, B Vicenzino
OBJECTIVES: To compare three different ultrasound-guided injections for chronic tennis elbow. DESIGN: Assessor-blinded, randomized controlled comparative trial. METHODS: 44 patients with clinically diagnosed tennis elbow, confirmed by Doppler ultrasound, received under ultrasound guidance, a single corticosteroid injection (n=14), or two injections (separated by 4 weeks) of either autologous blood (n=14) or polidocanol (n=16). Clinical and ultrasound examination was performed at baseline, 4, 12 and 26 weeks...
October 29, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Mark E Juhl, Michael Sidiropoulos, Sasha Antonijevic, Milena Lyon, Aleksandar Krunic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: JAAD Case Reports
Ricardo Mauricio Malagón Reyes, Rubén Castorena de Ávila, María de Jesús Ángeles Vázquez, César Augusto Núñez Monteagudo, Hugo Mendieta Zerón
OBJECTIVE: Placenta accreta is one of the main obstetrical complications worldwide. The aim of this study was to report the experience of managing placenta accreta with a 6% polidocanol solution sclerotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We selected patients between 37 weeks of gestation and 38 weeks of gestation, diagnosed with placenta accreta, treated at the Maternal Perinatal Hospital "Monica Pretelini Sáenz", Toluca, Mexico, during the period from November 2013 to August 2014...
October 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Marianne E Witte, Suzanne Holewijn, Ramon R van Eekeren, Jean-Paul de Vries, Clark J Zeebregts, Michel M P J Reijnen
PURPOSE: To report the midterm results of mechanochemical ablation (MOCA) for treating great saphenous vein (GSV) insufficiency. METHODS: In a 1-year period, 85 consecutive patients (median age 51.4 years; 71 women) undergoing MOCA with polidocanol in 104 limbs were enrolled in a prospective registry. The patients were evaluated at baseline and during follow-up (4 weeks and 1, 2, and 3 years) using duplex ultrasound, the CEAP (clinical, etiologic, anatomic and pathophysiologic) classification, the Venous Clinical Severity Score (VCSS), the RAND Short Form 36-Item Health Survey (RAND-SF36), and the Aberdeen Varicose Vein Questionnaire (AVVQ)...
February 2017: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
Ronald Bush, Peggy Bush
INTRODUCTION: This study was designed to determine by histological evaluation and clinical correlation the most effective sclerosant concentration of Sotradecol® (sodium tetradecyl sulfate) and Asclera® (polidocanol) for the treatment of leg telangiectasia. METHODS: Histological studies were completed on 40 patients, all of whom were female with a mean age of 53. After sclerotherapy with varying concentrations of sclerosant solutions for the treatment of 0.8 mm and 1 mm leg telangiectasia, histological specimens were examined for the following criteria: luminal changes, subintimal changes, smooth muscle wall alterations, and vessel wall integrity...
October 12, 2016: Phlebology
Lulu Tan, Kaichung Wong, David Connor, Babak Fakhim, Masud Behnia, Kurosh Parsi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of agitation on foam temperature. METHODS: Sodium tetradecyl sulphate and polidocanol were used. Prior to foam generation, the sclerosant and all constituent equipment were cooled to 4-25℃ and compared with cooling the sclerosant only. Foam was generated using a modified Tessari method. During foam agitation, the temperature change was measured using a thermocouple for 120 s. RESULTS: Pre-cooling all the constituent equipment resulted in a cooler foam in comparison with only cooling the sclerosant...
October 12, 2016: Phlebology
Matheus Bertanha, Paula Angeleli Bueno de Camargo, Regina Moura, Winston Bonetti Yoshida, Rafael Elias Farres Pimenta, Jamil Victor de Oliveira Mariúba, Giovana Piteri Alcantara, Dênia Reis de Paula, Marcone Lima Sobreira
BACKGROUND: Telangiectasias are defined as small venules abnormally dilated, located in the intradermal portion of the skin, of reddish or bluish tinge, their diameter not exceeding 1 mm; they are classified by the American Venous Forum as mild venous disease CEAP C1. Conventional treatment consists of chemical sclerotherapy, considered a minimally invasive technique with rapid clinical recovery. A wide variety of sclerosing solutions can be used for this purpose. METHODS/DESIGN: This project intends to include 96 patients that will be randomized to a triple-blind study...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Francesco Ferrara, Giovanni Ferrara, Ermenegildo Furino, Heinrich Ebner, Gennaro Quarto
AIM: The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy of a new method of compression sclerotherapy of GSV and SSV. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 345 lower extremities with primary varicose veins, with a long reflux of the GSV (C2-6; Ep; As 2, 3; ± p; Pr), have been submitted to sclerotherapy applying the following method: injection of foam (Polidocanol 2%), or liquid sclerosant (iodate solution 4-6% or Polodocanol 3%) in the trunk of the GSV; echoguided compression of sapheno-femoral junction (performed using an inflatable device, the Safeguard); immediate eccentric positive compression on the trunk of the GSV; and short elastic bandage...
2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
Ko Watanabe, Takuto Hikichi, Jun Nakamura, Tadayuki Takagi, Rei Suzuki, Mitsuru Sugimoto, Yuichi Waragai, Hitomi Kikuchi, Naoki Konno, Hiroyuki Asama, Mika Takasumi, Hiroshi Watanabe, Katsutoshi Obara, Hiromasa Ohira
A 58-year-old man with liver cirrhosis and renal failure was diagnosed with esophageal varices (EVs) and a gastric cardia varix (GCV) by esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). The patient also exhibited early gastric cancer (EGC) in the upper gastric body adjacent to the GCV. The EVs and GCV were treated using endoscopy before endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) of the EGC to prevent variceal bleeding during ESD. Endoscopic variceal ligation (EVL) was performed to treat the EVs. In addition, extra-variceal polidocanol injection and argon plasma coagulation (APC) were performed after EVL...
December 16, 2016: Fukushima Journal of Medical Science
Jacek Kurnicki, Marcin Osęka, Robert Tworus, Zbigniew Gałązka
INTRODUCTION: Ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy (UGFS) of varicose veins is a useful treatment option. It is a relatively safe method in the case of limited, small varicose veins. In theory, a justified concern could be raised that the injection of an active drug into the large superficial venous vessels may potentially cause life-threatening consequences. AIM: To assess the safety and efficacy of UGFS using a 2% solution of polidocanol (Aethoxysklerol 2%) in the case of great saphenous vein incompetence...
2016: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
Jeffrey T Jensen, Carol Hanna, Shan Yao, Emily Thompson, Cassondra Bauer, Ov D Slayden
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to conduct a pilot study to determine if transcervical administration of polidocanol foam (PF) with or without doxycycline or benzalkonium chloride (BZK) would prevent pregnancy in baboons. METHODS: In study phase 1, adult cycling baboons underwent a hysterosalpingogram to evaluate tubal patency prior to transcervical infusion of 20 mL of 5% PF followed by 1 mL of saline containing 100 mg doxycycline (5%/doxy; n=5), 3% PF plus doxycycline (3%/doxy; n=4), 3% PF with 0...
November 2016: Contraception
Ov D Slayden, Dong Ock Lee, Shan Yao, Jeffrey T Jensen
OBJECTIVE: Intrauterine administration of polidocanol foam (PF) can create fallopian tube occlusion in nonhuman primates. The objective of this study was to determine if PF-induced tubal obstructions contain collagen in the extracellular matrix. STUDY DESIGN: We compared tissue samples of the intramural fallopian tube obtained from previous studies evaluating the effects of intrauterine infusion of 5% PF 2-12 weeks after treatment. Serial sections of the intramural portion of the fallopian tube obtained from representative treated (rhesus macaques, n=7; baboon, n=11) and untreated control (macaque, n=3; baboon, n=5) animals were stained with hematoxylin and eosin to identify tubal occlusion and by immunohistochemistry for collagens Col-I, Col-III and Col-IV...
November 2016: Contraception
Haitham Ali, Mahmoud Saleh, Walid Mohammed
BACKGROUND: To report our experience regarding the safety, efficacy of duplex- guided polidocanol (POL) foam sclerotherapy on the overall status of signs and symptoms in patients with venous malformations (VMs). METHODS: Thirty seven patients with symptomatic extratruncular VMs were treated with duplex-guided POL foam sclerotherapy using Tessari's method. Twenty five patients had limited VMs, while twelve had infiltrating VMs. Post-sclerotherapy surveillance was done 6 months after the last sclerotherapy session and comprised both clinical and duplex evaluation...
June 30, 2016: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
S Rieger, J Dickschas
The aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) is well-known for its local expansile growth form and for the high risk of recurrence after treatment. We present the case of a 6‑year-old patient with a large ABC in the metaphysis of the proximal tibia, which showed recurrence only five months after treatment with curettage and autologous bone graft. By using six percutaneous intralesional injections of polidocanol the patient was successfully treated with no recurrence. After 18 months, a mild genu valgum was clinically noted...
September 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
Osvaldo Cooley-Andrade, Kelvin Cheung, An-Ning Chew, David Ewan Connor, Kurosh Parsi
To investigate the apoptotic effects of detergent sclerosants sodium tetradecylsulphate (STS) and polidocanol (POL) on endothelial cells at sub-lytic concentrations. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were isolated and labelled with antibodies to assess for apoptosis and examined with confocal microscopy and flow cytometry. Isolated HUVECs viability was assessed using propidium iodide staining. Early apoptosis was determined by increased phosphatidylserine exposure by lactadherin binding. Caspase 3, 8, 9 and Bax activation as well as inhibitory assays with Pan Caspase (Z-VAD-FMK) and Bax (BI-6C9) were assessed to identify apoptotic pathways...
July 2016: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
S Doganci, V Yildirim, G Erol, F Yesildal, K Karabacak, M Kadan, G Ozkan, M E Ince, T Ozgurtas
OBJECTIVE: Polidocanol is the most frequently used sclerosant for sclerotherapy all around the world. Our experimental research aims to find out the angiogenic effects of Polidocanol. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Angiogenic activity of polidocanol was examined in vivo in the chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) model, cell viability assay (human umbilical vein endothelial cells - HUVECs) and in vitro tube formation assay of HUVECs. RESULTS: In CAM assay, a significant decrease on CAM vessel growth was observed after the application of polidocanol solutions...
April 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Paolo Farneti, Ernesto Pasquini, Vittorio Sciarretta, Giovanni Macrì, Giulia Gramellini, Antonio Pirodda
OBJECTIVES: Epistaxis is one of the most common otorhinolaryngologic emergencies representing more than 12% of conditions managed at the Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) Emergency Consulting Room of our Otorhinolaryngologic Unit each year. The elevated frequency of this pathology makes it necessary to adopt the most effective and least expensive therapeutic strategy available. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy, costs and morbidity of nasal packing (NP), which is the mainstay of treatment for anterior epistaxis in our ENT Emergency Consulting Room versus submucosal infiltrations of lauromacrogol (LA)...
June 2016: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology
O Cooley-Andrade, W X Goh, D E Connor, D D F Ma, K Parsi
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: The objective was to investigate the effects of the detergent sclerosants sodium tetradecyl sulfate (STS) and polidocanol (POL) on human leukocytes at sublytic concentrations. METHODS: Leukocytes were isolated and labelled with antibodies to assess for apoptosis and examined with confocal microscopy and flow cytometry. Isolated leukocyte count and viability was assessed using trypan blue, and propidium iodide staining. Phosphatidylserine (PS) exposure, a universal hallmark to measure cell apoptosis, was identified by flow cytometry using lactadherin...
June 2016: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Kathleen Gibson, Lowell Kabnick
OBJECTIVES: A randomized, placebo-controlled, multicenter study was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of polidocanol endovenous microfoam (1%, Varithena® [polidocanol injectable foam], BTG International Ltd.). METHODS: Patients (n = 77) with symptomatic, visible varicose veins were randomized to treatment with either Varithena 1% or placebo. RESULTS: Varithena provided greater mean changes from Baseline in patient-reported assessments of symptoms (e...
March 24, 2016: Phlebology
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