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Sophie Turpin, Raymond Lambert
Objective: In the pediatric setting, lymphoscintigraphy is mostly used for the evaluation of lymphedema. Only a few cases of chylous anomalies and lymphatic malformations imaged with lymphoscintigraphy, have been reported in the literature. The aim of this study was to review the use of lymphoscintigraphy in those pathologies. Methods: All lymphoscintigraphies obtained between 2001 and 2017 in our hospital for chylous anomalies were retrospectively reviewed. Results were correlated to clinical and radiological findings...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
L Tallón-Aguilar, J A López-Ruiz, C Domínguez-Sánchez, F Pareja-Ciuró, J Padillo-Ruiz
Chylous ascites is a rare condition little reported in literature, with even more exceptional traumatic origin. Its production mechanism is not known exactly but has been attributed to hyperflexion or hyperextension of the spine leading to a rupture of lymph ducts. We present a case of post-traumatic chyloperitoneum in a young patient after abdominal blunt trauma. Conservative treatment should be the first therapeutic option, especially if the origin is traumatic, reserving more aggressive possibilities for cases that do not respond after 15 days, if debt is greater than 1...
March 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
C Overs, J B Beauval, L Mourey, P Rischmann, M Soulié, M Roumiguié, Nicolas Doumerc
INTRODUCTION: Surgical treatment of post-chemotherapy residual mass of germ cell tumor (GCT) may be performed in various techniques. We assess the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of single-docking with lateral approach robot-assisted retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (R-RPLND) in residual mass of GCT in our center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of patients undergoing R-RPLND for residual mass of CGT was performed between January 2014 and April 2017...
April 2018: World Journal of Urology
J E Basualdo, I A Rosado, M I Morales, N Fernández-Ros, A Huerta, F Alegre, M F Landecho, J F Lucena
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Chylous ascites is a rare condition. The most frequent causes are lymphomas, solid malignancies, abdominal trauma and cirrhosis. Isolated case reports describe the relationship between calcium channel blockers (CCB) and chyloperitoneum. Lercanidipine is a third-generation dihydropyridine with low rate of adverse events. We describe a case of lercanidipine-induced chylous ascites. CASE SUMMARY: An 80-year-old white female with hypertension treated with lercanidipine, developed chylous ascites and abdominal pain after the dosage of the CCB was doubled...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
Chunyan Zhang, Xiaobai Chen, Tingguo Wen, Qijin Zhang, Meng Huo, Jian Dong, Wen-Bin Shen, Rengui Wang
Background Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare disease involving the bronchi, lymphatic vessels, and veins. However, there are few reports about lymphatic vessel abnormalities associated with LAM. Purpose To evaluate computed tomography (CT) lymphangiography findings in cases of LAM, especially lymphatic vessel abnormalities. Material and Methods Twenty-seven patients with LAM underwent direct lymphangiography (DLG), followed by a post-procedural thoracoabdominal CT examination. Results All 27 patients were diagnosed with LAM, including 25 (93%) with chylothorax, eight (30%) with chyloperitoneum, seven (26%) with chylous fluid in the chest and abdomen, and one (4%) with lower-limb lymphedema...
November 2017: Acta Radiologica
G D'Amata, M Rega, V Viola, V Bove, P Simeone, G Baiano
Acute chylous peritonitis is defined as the onset of acute abdomen findings due to abrupt chylous fluid accumulation in the peritoneal space. A correct diagnosis of this condition is seldom made preoperatively. The optimal management of true chylous pancreatitis depends upon the underlying etiology. Thorough lavage of the abdomen and adequate drainage has proven to be an excellent treatment modality for acute chylous peritonitis, since resolution of chylous ascites usually occurs within the next few days. However, conservative treatment may be appropriate in selected cases...
July 2016: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
Georgios Galanopoulos, Theofanis Konstantopoulos, Stavros Theodorou, Ioannis Tsoutsas, Dimitrios Xanthopoulos, Elias Kaperonis, Vassilios Papavassiliou
Chylous ascites is a rare complication after abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Accumulation of chyle within the close space of the peritoneal cavity may cause severe discomfort to the patient, complicating the postoperative course. Prompt diagnosis is needed to adopt measures for reducing lymph leakage and contributing to lymphatic fistula closure. Fortunately, conservative treatment is successful in the majority of cases. In the rare cases that do not respond to conservative treatment, surgery becomes mandatory...
April 2016: Methodist DeBakey Cardiovascular Journal
Megan Jagosky, Brice Taylor, Stephanie Parks Taylor
Chyloperitoneum, or chylous ascites, is a rare condition characterized by milky-appearing fluid with elevated triglyceride content and the presence of chylomicrons. Malignancy, specifically lymphoma, is reported to be the predominant cause in Western countries. Previously, the prognosis for patients with chyloperitoneum due to lymphoma has been reported as poor. We present a case of chyloperitoneum and chylothorax due to follicular lymphoma with excellent response to bendamustine and Rituxan. A review of the literature indicates that patients with chyloperitoneum associated with lymphoma generally have a favorable response to contemporary treatment regimens...
2016: Case Reports in Hematology
Sami Alasari, Min Sung Kim, Seung Hyuk Baik, Byung Soh Min, Nam Kyu Kim
Aim. To prove the safety and feasibility of minimally invasive (laparoscopic and robotic) colorectal resection in kidney recipients by evaluating the technical protocol and reviewing short- and long-term outcomes. Methods. Between May 2007 and August 2012, a retrospective review of ten kidney transplant patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer was evaluated for technical tips, short- and long-term outcomes. Results. The mean patients' age was 56.8 ± 9.91 years and 50% of them were male. Anterior and low anterior resections were performed in 40% of the patients each; 20% and 10% of the patients underwent right and left hemicolectomy, respectively...
2014: International Scholarly Research Notices
Joaquín Pérez, José María Arribas, Enrique Cárdenas, Francisco Gutiérrez, Rubén Taboada, Norberto Cassinello
Chyloperitoneum is a rare but life-threatening complication with no uniformity concerning the treatment. We present a 77-year-old male with chylous ascites after open abdominal aneurysmectomy refractory to conservative and surgical strategies. After failure of re-exploration with periaortic lymphatic cauterization and drainage, he was treated with five cycles of retroperitoneal radiotherapy. At 12 months of follow-up, the patient remains asymptomatic without any objective evidence of chyloperitoneum relapse...
October 2013: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
Elżbieta Radzikowska
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare multisystem disease, occurs in women, usually premenopausal, caused by the proliferation of neoplastic smooth muscle-derived cells. Mutations in the tuberous sclerosis complex genes, lead to the activation of mammalian target of rapamycin kinase (mTOR), results in proliferation of LAM cells, its increasing motility, and survival. Polycystic lung destruction, extensive involvement of lymphatic channels, chylothorax, chyloperitoneum, and renal angiomyolipomas can develop in LAM patients...
August 2015: Lung
Dae-Weung Kim, Myoung Hyoun Kim, Chang Guhn Kim
A 74-year-old woman underwent the radical near-total gastrectomy with Billroth II anastomosis and lymph nodes dissection due to the advanced gastric cancer. On the seventh day after gastrectomy, edema on the both legs and abdominal distention were developed. On the lymphoscintigraphy, the abnormal activity in the peritoneal cavity was revealed, and chyloperitoneum was diagnosed, and additional dynamic scans could localize the chyle leakage focus. Localization of chyle leakage focus enabled surgeon to establish the proper operative plan for the injured lymphatics...
January 2015: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
Mohsen Sokouti, Babak Abri Aghdam
A 15- year-old boy was referred to Imam Reza Hospital with a right chest tube and chylothorax for 40 days. The patient had respiratory distress and undergone refractory treatment for chylothorax. The fluid content was chyle-rich in lipids. Computed Tomography of the chest showed a large, incompletely evacuated cyst in the left posterior mediastinum with left pleural effusion. The cyst could not be resected through right thoracotomy, because of the left side location of the cyst. Ligation of the thoracic duct through right thoracotomy was not effective in reducing chylous effusion 4 days later...
2011: Tanaffos
Julie Veziant, Laurent Sakka, Géraud Galvaing, Marie M Tardy, Lucie Cassagnes, Marc Filaire
Thoracic duct (TD) cyst is an uncommon abnormality that can be manifested as a cervical swelling. Pathogenesis includes congenital or degenerative weakness of the wall of the TD and obstruction of the lymphoid flow. Diagnosis is crucial to eliminate malignant disease or vein thrombosis and can be established by imaging and needle aspiration. We report a case of recurrent cervical swelling with spontaneous chylothorax and chyloperitoneum. A TD cyst with a terminal obstruction of the TD was diagnosed on lymphangiography...
October 2015: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Jui-Hsiang Lin, Wei-Jie Wang
Chyloperitoneum associated with nephrotic syndrome is rare clinical entity and characterized by milky ascites. The modalities for detection of chyloperitoneum are laboratory investigations and radiological images. Lipoprotein electrophoresis is useful for confirmation of the diagnosis with chyloperitoneum. Treating underlying disease is the most important in the management of these patients.
2012: Case Reports in Nephrology
Chwanrow Karim Baban, Michael Murphy, Cristóir O'Sulleabháin, Deirdre O'Hanlon
Chylous ascites (chyloperitoneum) is a rare clinical condition, characterized by an accumulation of lymph fluid in the peritoneal cavity. Most commonly it is associated with abdominal malignancy (usually lymphoma). We present an unusual case of a woman who developed a persistent pseudocyst and recurrent chylous ascites following acute necrotizing pancreatitis.
February 5, 2014: BMJ Case Reports
Aisling L Snow, Wibke Uller, Hueng Bae Kim, Ahmad I Alomari
Postoperative chylous leak may result from thoracic duct injury during surgical procedures in the chest or neck and can be successfully treated with percutaneous embolization. We report the case of a child with persistent chylothorax and chyloperitoneum following multivisceral transplantation, which was performed due to unresectable inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of the retroperitoneum. Intranodal lymphangiography was used to demonstrate the site of chylous leak from the lower segment of the thoracic duct and the leak resolved within days following percutaneous embolization of the thoracic duct...
August 2014: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
Atsushi Nishimura, Mikako Kawahara, Keisuke Honda, Takahiro Ootani, Tomoyuki Kakuta, Chie Kitami, Shigeto Makino, Yasuyuki Kawachi, Keiya Nikkuni
BACKGROUND: Natural orifice specimen extraction (NOSE) has been developed as a means of decreasing the incidence of surgical wound complications. However, NOSE performed using a conventional multiport technique has been reported previously. The current authors performed totally laparoscopic anterior resection with transvaginal specimen extraction (TVSE) using the reduced-port surgery (RPS) technique. The Alexis wound retractor (Applied Medical, Rancho Santa Margarita, CA, USA) and Free Access (Top Corporation, Tokyo, Japan) were attached to the transvaginal route for transvaginal assistance and smooth specimen extraction...
December 2013: Surgical Endoscopy
Marjan Joudi, Daryoush Hamidi Alamdari, Hamid-Reza Rahimi
BACKGROUND: Congenital chyloperitoneum is an uncommon clinical condition. A few cases of congenital chyloperitoneum in children have been described who were treated in a variety of methods. CASE PRESENTATION: Congenital chyloperito was diagnosed in a 5-day-old baby boy with a significant abdominal distension. Due to the failed conservative managements by medium-chain triglycerides (MCT) enriched milk and partial parenteral nutrition (PPN), the authors tried platelet rich fibrin glue (PRFG) as an alternative choice which was applied through an already inserted intra-abdominal catheter...
June 2013: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Juan C Lopez-Gutierrez, Miriam Miguel, Mercedes Diaz, Zoraida Ros, Juan A Tovar
BACKGROUND: Progressive osteolysis caused by lympathic malformations is a rare condition that should be known by specialists involved in the study of lymphatic disorders because they are necessarily involved in the treatment. The purpose of the present study is to report on a large series of patients to illustrate the multiple clinical pictures and the wide range of therapeutic measures necessary for arresting bone destruction and lymphatic leak. METHODS AND RESULTS: Inclusion criteria were osteolysis associated with lymphatic malformation that required treatment...
December 2012: Lymphatic Research and Biology
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