Read by QxMD icon Read

traumatic intracranial hemorrhage

Pilar Anton-Martin, Bruno Braga, Stephen Megison, Janna Journeycake, Jessica Moreland
Severe trauma may cause refractory life-threatening respiratory failure requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Concurrent traumatic brain injury, however, complicates the use of ECMO because of the major risk of intracranial bleeding with systemic anticoagulation. Craniotomy and/or craniectomy for hematoma evacuation during ECMO are extremely high-risk procedures secondary to ongoing anticoagulation, and there are only a few such case reports in the literature.We present the case of a child with multiple thoracic injuries and life-threatening respiratory failure supported on ECMO...
October 4, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Robert T Granata, Edward M Castillo, Gary M Vilke
BACKGROUND: Patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with altered mental status and alcohol intoxication can clinically resemble patients with an intracranial hemorrhage. Although intracranial hemorrhage is quickly excluded with a head computed tomographic (CT) scan, it is common practice to defer imaging and allow the patient to metabolize to spare ED resources and minimize radiation exposure to the patient. Although this reduces unnecessary scans, it may delay treatment in patients with occult intracranial hemorrhage, which some fear may increase morbidity and mortality...
September 30, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Anne C Ritter, Amy K Wagner, Anthony Fabio, Mary Jo Pugh, William C Walker, Jerzy P Szaflarski, Ross D Zafonte, Allen W Brown, Flora M Hammond, Tamara Bushnik, Douglas Johnson-Greene, Timothy Shea, Jason W Krellman, Joseph A Rosenthal, Laura E Dreer
OBJECTIVE: Determine incidence of posttraumatic seizure (PTS) following traumatic brain injury (TBI) among individuals with moderate-to-severe TBI requiring rehabilitation and surviving at least 5 years. METHODS: Using the prospective TBI Model Systems National Database, we calculated PTS incidence during acute hospitalization, and at years 1, 2, and 5 postinjury in a continuously followed cohort enrolled from 1989 to 2000 (n = 795). Incidence rates were stratified by risk factors, and adjusted relative risk (RR) was calculated...
October 14, 2016: Epilepsia
Hung-Yi Lai, Ching-Hsin Lee, Ching-Yi Lee
BACKGROUND: For patients suffering from primary brain injury, monitoring intracranial pressure alone is not enough to reflect the dynamic intracranial condition. In our previous study, a segment of the pressure-volume curve can be expressed by the parabolic regression model with single indicator "a". The aim of this study is to evaluate if the indicator "a" can reflect intracranial conditions. METHODS: Patients with traumatic brain injury, spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage, and/or hydrocephalus who had external ventricular drainage from January 2009 to February 2010 were included...
2016: PloS One
Preeda Sumritpradit, Thitipong Setthalikhit, Sorayouth Chumnanvej
Background and Objective. To determine the value of repeated brain CT in TBI cases for risk-stratified care management (RSCM) and to identify predicting factors which will change the neurosurgical management after repeated brain CTs. Methods. A 5-year retrospective study from January 2009 to August 2013 was conducted. The primary outcome was the value of repeated brain CT in TBI cases. The secondary outcome is to identify predicting factors which will change the neurosurgical management after repeated brain CTs...
2016: Neurology Research International
Saranya P Balakrishnan, Reza Ehsanian, Laura Jamison, Samantha Sechrist, Nhung Quach, James Crew, Linda Isaac
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Erol Akgul, Hasan Bilen Onan, Huseyin Tugsan Balli, Nuri Eralp Cetinalp
The frequency of multiple intracranial aneurysms seen in patients with or without subarachnoid hemorrhage is high. The advancement of the endovascular technique and devices has ensured that endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms is the first choice in most cases, especially in unruptured ones. Different combinations of treatment modalities and techniques can be used in the management of multiple aneurysms. But in selected patients without subarachnoid hemorrhage, treatment of all aneurysms in one or more sessions with endovascular techniques is less traumatic than that with surgery...
2016: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
Daniel K Nishijima, Samuel Gaona, Trent Waechter, Ric Maloney, Troy Bair, Adam Blitz, Andrew R Elms, Roel D Farrales, Calvin Howard, James Montoya, Jeneita M Bell, Victor C Coronado, David E Sugerman, Dustin W Ballard, Kevin E Mackey, David R Vinson, James F Holmes
OBJECTIVE: Prehospital provider assessment of the use of anticoagulant or antiplatelet medications in older adults with head trauma is important. These patients are at increased risk for traumatic intracranial hemorrhage and therefore field triage guidelines recommend transporting these patients to centers capable of rapid evaluation and treatment. Our objective was to evaluate EMS ascertainment of anticoagulant and antiplatelet medication use in older adults with head trauma. METHODS: A retrospective study of older adults with head trauma was conducted throughout Sacramento County...
September 16, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
Eija K Junttila, Juha Koskenkari, Pasi P Ohtonen, Ari Karttunen, Tero I Ala-Kokko
BACKGROUND: The serum concentration of S100β protein reportedly predicts outcome after brain injury. We examined the prognostic accuracy of S100Beta in patients with non-traumatic intracranial hemorrhage. METHODS: This was a prospective, observational study of patients with non-traumatic intracranial hemorrhage treated in the intensive care unit at our university hospital. Computed tomography imaging findings and the level of consciousness on admission were recorded...
September 15, 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
Timothy J Amrhein, William Mostertz, Maria Gisele Matheus, Genevieve Maass-Bolles, Komal Sharma, Heather R Collins, Peter G Kranz
Subdural hematomas (SDHs) comprise a significant percentage of missed intracranial hemorrhage on axial brain CT. SDH detection rates could be improved with the addition of reformatted images. Though performed at some centers, the potential additional diagnostic sensitivity of reformatted images has not yet been investigated. The purpose of our study is to determine if the addition of coronal and sagittal reformatted images to an axial brain CT increases the sensitivity and specificity for detection of acute traumatic SDH...
September 12, 2016: Emergency Radiology
Mary Ellen Zimmermann, Zachary Brown, Praise Matemavi, Gloria Melnic, Jason Sample
At many institutions, it is common practice for trauma patients with traumatic intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) to receive routine repeat head computed tomographic (CT) scans after the initial CT scan, regardless of symptoms, to evaluate progression of the injury. The purpose of this study was to assess quantifiable risk factors (age, anticoagulation, gender) that could place patients at greater risk for progression of injury, thus requiring surgical intervention (craniotomy, craniectomy) for which serial CT scanning would be useful...
September 2016: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
Maria Zulfiqar, Stacy Kim, Jin-Ping Lai, Yihua Zhou
BACKGROUND: Despite the added radiation exposure and costs, the role of computed tomography (CT) in following pediatric skull fractures has not been fully evaluated. METHODS: We reviewed the radiology reports and images of the initial and follow-up head CT examinations of children with skull fractures to determine whether any interval changes in the fracture morphology and associated complications necessitate a change in clinical management. RESULTS: A total of 316 pediatric cases of skull fractures were identified, including 172 patients with and 144 without follow-up scans...
August 16, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
Michael Vaiman, Tal Sigal, Itzhak Kimiagar, Inessa Bekerman
The article describes the modified technique of measuring the diameters of the optic nerve sheath (ONSD) for assessment of the intracranial pressure (ICP) in patients with intracerebral or subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). The CT scans of 443 patients were analyzed retrospectively. The ONSDs were measured at 3mm behind the globe and at the point where the ophthalmic artery crosses the optic nerve. The ONSD/eyeball transverse diameter (ETD) ratio was calculated. The correlation analysis was performed with the Glasgow Coma Scale score, Hemispheric Stroke Scale score, Glasgow Outcome Score, and invasive ICP readings...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Wei-Hsun Yang, Pau-Chung Chen, Ting-Chung Wang, Ting-Yu Kuo, Chun-Yu Cheng, Yao-Hsu Yang
Post-traumatic endocrine dysfunction is a complication of traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, there is lack of long-term follow-up and large sample size studies. This study included patients suffering from TBI registered in the Health Insurance Database. Endocrine disorders were identified using the ICD codes: 244 (acquired hypothyroidism), 253 (pituitary dysfunction), 255 (disorders of the adrenal glands), 258 (polyglandular dysfunction), and 259 (other endocrine disorders) with at least three outpatient visits within 1 year or one admission diagnosis...
2016: Scientific Reports
James M Feeney, Elizabeth Santone, Monica DiFiori, Lilla Kis, Vijay Jayaraman, Stephanie C Montgomery
BACKGROUND: Falls represent the leading cause of traumatic brain injury in adults older than 65, with nearly one third experiencing a fall each year. Evidence suggests that up to 0.5% of anticoagulated patients suffer from intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) annually. Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) have become an increasingly popular alternative to warfarin for anticoagulation; however, there is a dearth of research regarding the safety of DOACs, in particular on the outcome of traumatic ICH while taking DOACs...
November 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Courtney J Cook
Induced hypothermia (IH) continues to become a more prevalent treatment modality in neurocritical care. Reducing core temperature has been shown to protect brain tissue during injury and disease. IH has been particularly beneficial in the medical management of refractory intracranial hypertension and malignant cerebral edema. These pathologies are often the result of diffuse cerebral edema after traumatic brain injury, malignant ischemic stroke, or intracerebral hemorrhage. Although there are many benefits to IH, it is not without complications...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
Bellal Joseph, Asad Azim, Ansab A Haider, Narong Kulvatunyou, Terence O'Keeffe, Ahmed Hassan, Lynn Gries, Emily Tran, Rifat Latifi, Peter Rhee
BACKGROUND: Helmets are known to reduce the incidence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) after bicycle-related accidents. The aim of this study was to assess the association of helmets with severity of TBI and facial fractures after bicycle-related accidents. METHODS: We performed an analysis of the 2012 National Trauma Data Bank abstracted information of all patients with an intracranial hemorrhage after bicycle-related accidents. Regression analysis was also performed...
July 28, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
Badih Daou, Petra Klinge, Stavropoula Tjoumakaris, Robert H Rosenwasser, Pascal Jabbour
OBJECTIVE There are several etiologies that can lead to the development of secondary normal pressure hydrocephalus (sNPH). The aim of this study was to evaluate the etiology, diagnosis, treatment, and outcome in patients with sNPH and to highlight important differences between the separate etiologies. METHODS A comprehensive review of the literature was performed to identify studies conducted between 1965 and 2015 that included data regarding the etiology, treatment, diagnosis, and outcome in patients with sNPH...
September 2016: Neurosurgical Focus
Michael A Christensen, Caleb M Cooper
BACKGROUND: The use of anticoagulants and antithrombotic agents in the population is increasing as the population ages with a concomitant rise in chronic diseases such as atrial fibrillation. The incidence of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) with these agents is small but clinically significant. The purpose of this article is to illustrate how a single institution developed anticoagulation-associated ICH treatment guidelines. METHODOLOGY: A literature review of the topic was performed using the PubMed and Cochrane Evidence-Based Medicine review databases using keywords including antithrombotic agents, antiplatelet agents, traumatic brain injury, and intracranial hemorrhage...
October 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
Brian Sindelar, Julian E Bailes, Sydney Ann Sherman, John Desmond Finan, James Stone, John M Lee, Saman Ahmadian, Ying Zhou, Vimal Patel, David Smith
Internal jugular vein (IJV) compression has been shown to reduce axonal injury in pre-clinical traumatic brain injury models and clinical concussion studies. However, this novel approach to prophylactically mitigating traumatic brain injury (TBI) through venous congestion raises concerns of increasing the propensity for hemorrhage and hemorrhagic propagation. This study aims to test the safety of IJV compression in a large animal controlled cortical impact (CCI) injury model and the resultant effects on hemorrhage...
August 29, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"