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traumatic intracranial hemorrhage

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774193/predictable-values-of-decompressive-craniectomy-in-patients-with-acute-subdural-hematoma-comparison-between-decompressive-craniectomy-after-craniotomy-group-and-craniotomy-only-group
#1
Hyunjun Kim, Sang-Jun Suh, Ho-Jun Kang, Min-Seok Lee, Yoon-Soo Lee, Jeong-Ho Lee, Dong-Gee Kang
Objective: Patients with traumatic acute subdural hematoma (ASDH) often require surgical treatment. Among patients who primarily underwent craniotomy for the removal of hematoma, some consequently developed aggressive intracranial hypertension and brain edema, and required secondary decompressive craniectomy (DC). To avoid reoperation, we investigated factors which predict the requirement of DC by comparing groups of ASDH patients who did and did not require DC after craniotomy. Methods: The 129 patients with ASDH who underwent craniotomy from September 2007 to September 2017 were reviewed...
April 2018: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753571/subway-related-trauma-an-urban-public-health-issue-with-a-high-case-fatality-rate
#2
Simon G Rodier, Charles J DiMaggio, Stephen Wall, Vasiliy Sim, Spiros G Frangos, Patricia Ayoung-Chee, Marko Bukur, Manish Tandon, S Rob Todd, Gary T Marshall
BACKGROUND: Between 1990 and 2003, there were 668 subway-related fatalities in New York City. However, subway-related trauma remains an understudied area of injury-related morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to characterize the injuries and events leading up to the injuries of all patients admitted after subway-related trauma. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective case series of subway-related trauma at a Level I trauma center from 2001 to 2016...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735227/care-of-the-injured-patients-at-nursing-stations-and-during-air-medical-transport
#3
Brodie Nolan, Alun Ackery, Sol Mamakwa, Shari Glenn, David VanderBurgh, Aaron Orkin, Michael Kirlew, Evelyn Dell, Homer Tien
INTRODUCTION: Nursing stations are the only access point into the health care system for some communities and have limited capabilities and resources. We describe characteristics of patients injured in Northern Ontario who present to nursing stations and require transport by air ambulance. Secondary objectives are to compare interventions performed at nursing stations with those performed by flight paramedics and to identify systemic gaps in trauma care. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed of all injured patients transported by air ambulance from April 1, 2014, to March 31, 2015...
May 2018: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726988/validation-of-noninvasive-absolute-intracranial-pressure-measurements-in-traumatic-brain-injury-and-intracranial-hemorrhage
#4
Jenny C Kienzler, Rolandas Zakelis, Sabrina Bäbler, Elke Remonda, Arminas Ragauskas, Javier Fandino
BACKGROUND: Increased intracranial pressure (ICP) causes secondary damage in traumatic brain injury (TBI), and intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). Current methods of ICP monitoring require surgery and carry risks of complications. OBJECTIVE: To validate a new instrument for noninvasive ICP measurement by comparing values obtained from noninvasive measurements to those from commercial implantable devices through this pilot study. METHODS: The ophthalmic artery (OA) served as a natural ICP sensor...
May 3, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725569/nontraumatic-acetabular-fracture-sustained-during-convulsive-seizure-following-surgery-for-an-unruptured-intracranial-aneurysm-a-case-report
#5
Hirofumi Iwamoto, Kazuhiro Nakamura, Daisuke Watanabe, Kiyoyuki Yanaka, Takeshi Ainoya, Tetsuya Yamamoto
Acetabular fracture usually is related to high-energy traumatic injury or falls from heights and directly caused by seizures without trauma is extremely rare. We report a 71-years-old man who sustained a left acetabular fracture secondary to generalized seizure after clipping of an unruptured aneurysm without trauma and any risk for fracture. The patient had an aneurysm was arising from the bifurcation of the left internal carotid artery and the posterior communicating artery. After the clipping, the patient had three times tonic-clonic seizures for 1 min and resulted in an acetabular fracture...
April 2018: NMC Case Report Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700692/mannitol-and-hypertonic-saline-reduce-swelling-and-modulate-inflammatory-markers-in-a-rat-model-of-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#6
David L Schreibman, Caron M Hong, Kaspar Keledjian, Svetlana Ivanova, Solomiya Tsymbalyuk, Volodymyr Gerzanich, J Marc Simard
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) leaves most survivors dependent at follow-up. The importance of promoting M2-like microglial responses is increasingly recognized as a key element to ameliorate brain injury following ICH. The osmotherapeutic agents, mannitol and hypertonic saline (HTS), which are routinely used to reduce intracranial pressure, have been shown to reduce neuroinflammation in experimental ischemic and traumatic brain injury, but anti-inflammatory effects of osmotherapies have not been investigated in ICH...
April 26, 2018: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698879/use-of-pipeline%C3%A2-embolization-device-for-the-treatment-of-traumatic-intracranial-pseudoaneurysms-case-series-and-review-of-cases-from-literature
#7
Mairaj T Sami, Domenico A Gattozzi, Hesham M Soliman, Alan R Reeves, Christopher J Moran, Paul J Camarata, Koji C Ebersole
OBJECTIVE: Intracranial traumatic pseudoaneurysms (PSA) are a rare but dangerous subtype of cerebral aneurysm. Reports documenting use of flow-diverting stents to treat traumatic intracranial PSAs are few and lack long-term follow-up. To our knowledge, this is the largest case-series to date demonstrating use of Pipeline Endovascular Device (PED) for traumatic intracranial PSAs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of 8 intracranial traumatic PSAs in 7 patients treated using only PED placement...
June 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695583/relevance-of-abusive-head-trauma-to-intracranial-hemorrhages-and-bleeding-disorders
#8
James D Anderst, Shannon L Carpenter, Rodney Presley, Molly Curtin Berkoff, Allison P Wheeler, Robert F Sidonio, J Michael Soucie
BACKGROUND: Bleeding disorders and abusive head trauma (AHT) are associated with intracranial hemorrhage (ICH), including subdural hemorrhage (SDH). Because both conditions often present in young children, the need to screen for bleeding disorders would be better informed by data that include trauma history and are specific to young children. The Universal Data Collection database contains information on ICH in subjects with bleeding disorders, including age and trauma history. Study objectives were to (1) characterize the prevalence and calculate the probabilities of any ICH, traumatic ICH, and nontraumatic ICH in children with congenital bleeding disorders; (2) characterize the prevalence of spontaneous SDH on the basis of bleeding disorder; and (3) identify cases of von Willebrand disease (vWD) that mimic AHT...
April 25, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692479/evaluation-of-near-infrared-spectroscopy-as-screening-tool-for-detecting-intracranial-hematomas-in-patients-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#9
V Trehan, Vikas Maheshwari, S V Kulkarni, Sanjeev Kapoor, Anurakshat Gupta
Background: Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is one of the most common surgical emergencies in service hospitals of India. Computed tomography (CT) has been a consistent and reliable technique for detecting intracranial hemorrhages but is limited by its non-availability in most service hospitals. Therefore the need for a cheaper, portable and easily available option required to be explored. The aim of this study was to determine the sensitivity, specificity, Positive Predictive Value (PPV) and Negative Predictive Value (NPV) of Near Infra Red Spectroscopy (NIRS) against the gold standard of NCCT head...
April 2018: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682374/delayed-appearance-of-a-traumatic-fetal-intracranial-hemorrhage
#10
Kelly Yamasato, Nicole Kurata, Dena Towner
Background: Fetal intracranial injury is a potentially devastating sequelae of maternal trauma, but there is little guidance regarding fetal evaluation in this setting. Case: A 23-year-old woman at 27-week gestation was admitted after a high-speed motor vehicle accident. The initial obstetrical ultrasound was unremarkable, but persistently minimal fetal heart rate variability was observed. Ultrasound on day 3 after the accident showed an intracranial hyperechogenic lesion and subdural fluid collection...
2018: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671828/nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-mediated-inflammation-in-the-pathogenesis-of-intracranial-aneurysm-and-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-does-autophagy-play-a-role
#11
REVIEW
Elzbieta Pawlowska, Joanna Szczepanska, Karol Wisniewski, Paulina Tokarz, Dariusz J Jaskólski, Janusz Blasiak
The rupture of saccular intracranial aneurysms (IA) is the commonest cause of non-traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH)—the most serious form of stroke with a high mortality rate. Aneurysm walls are usually characterized by an active inflammatory response, and NF-κB (nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells) has been identified as the main transcription factor regulating the induction of inflammation-related genes in IA lesions. This transcription factor has also been related to IA rupture and resulting SAH...
April 19, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648985/feasibility-of-telemetric-intracranial-pressure-monitoring-in-the-neuro-intensive-care-unit
#12
Alexander Lilja-Cyron, Jesper Kelsen, Morten Andresen, Kåre Fugleholm, Marianne Juhler
Intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring is crucial in the management of acute neurosurgical conditions such as traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, pathological ICP may persist beyond the admission to the neuro intensive care unit (NICU). We investigated the feasibility of telemetric ICP monitoring in the NICU, as this technology provides the possibility of long-term ICP assessment beyond NICU discharge. In this prospective investigation, we implanted telemetric ICP sensors (Raumedic Neurovent-P-tel) instead of conventional, cabled ICP sensors in patients undergoing decompressive craniectomy...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627171/comparison-of-nicardipine-with-clevidipine-in-the-management-of-hypertension-in-acute-cerebrovascular-diseases
#13
Zachary Rosenfeldt, Katelyn Conklen, Breck Jones, Don Ferrill, Maithili Deshpande, Fazeel M Siddiqui
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In acute stroke, hypertension worsens outcomes. Guidelines do not mention a preferred antihypertensive agent. This present study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of nicardipine and clevidipine in acute stroke. METHODS: This retrospective review compared nicardipine with clevidipine for hypertension in acute stroke patients from March 17, 2015 to December 23, 2016. Ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke types were evaluated. Patients were excluded if under 18 years, had traumatic brain injury, had intracranial neoplasm, were on dialysis, had both study drugs during the stroke admission, or the study drug was infused for less than 1 hour...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623028/a-comparison-of-pathophysiology-in-humans-and-rodent-models-of-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#14
REVIEW
Jenna L Leclerc, Joshua M Garcia, Matthew A Diller, Anne-Marie Carpenter, Pradip K Kamat, Brian L Hoh, Sylvain Doré
Non-traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) affects an estimated 30,000 people each year in the United States, with an overall mortality of ~30%. Most cases of SAH result from a ruptured intracranial aneurysm, require long hospital stays, and result in significant disability and high fatality. Early brain injury (EBI) and delayed cerebral vasospasm (CV) have been implicated as leading causes of morbidity and mortality in these patients, necessitating intense focus on developing preclinical animal models that replicate clinical SAH complete with delayed CV...
2018: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582945/-spontaneous-parenchymal-intracranial-hemorrhage-a-diagnostic-challenge
#15
Ruth Eliahou, Auriel Eitan, Moshe Gomori, Jacob Sosna, Asaf Honig
Non-traumatic intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is a devastating event associated with a high rate of morbidity and mortality. Patient age, hemorrhage location, number of foci, and underlying diseases are important clues to the etiology. Non-contrast head CT, given its availability and high sensitivity in detecting blood products, is frequently the first tool to readily detect ICH; however, different types of hemorrhages may share a common appearance on CT and the optimal therapeutic approach varies depending on etiology...
March 2018: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559058/does-the-presence-of-subdural-hemorrhage-increase-the-risk-of-intracranial-hemorrhage-expansion-after-the-initiation-of-antithrombotic-medication
#16
Urmil Pandya, Jill Pattison, Chris Karas, Michael O'Mara
Patients with traumatic intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) with a clinical indication for antithrombotic medication present a clinical dilemma, burdened by the task of weighing the risks of hemorrhage expansion against the risk of thrombosis. We sought to determine the effect of subdural hemorrhage on the risk of hemorrhage expansion after administration of antithrombotic medication. Medical records of 1626 trauma patients admitted with traumatic ICH between March 1, 2008, and March 31, 2013, to a Level I trauma center were retrospectively reviewed...
March 1, 2018: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550926/management-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-trauma-energy-level-and-medical-history-as-possible-predictors-for-intracranial-hemorrhage
#17
Tomas Vedin, Sebastian Svensson, Marcus Edelhamre, Mathias Karlsson, Mikael Bergenheim, Per-Anders Larsson
PURPOSE: Head trauma is common in the emergency department. Identifying the few patients with serious injuries is time consuming and leads to many computerized tomographies (CTs). Reducing the number of CTs would reduce cost and radiation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of adults with head trauma over a 1-year period to identify clinical features predicting intracranial hemorrhage. METHODS: Medical record data have been collected retrospectively in adult patients with traumatic brain injury...
March 17, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541804/evaluation-of-a-protocol-for-early-detection-of-delayed-brain-hemorrhage-in-head-injured-patients-on-warfarin
#18
Jing Li Huang, Theo A Woehrle, Pat Conway, Catherine A McCarty, Madeline M Eyer, Steven D Eyer
PURPOSE: In 2007, Essentia Health St. Mary's Medical Center (SMMC), a Level II trauma center in northeastern Minnesota, implemented a protocol for patients who presented with blunt head trauma and were receiving warfarin for anticoagulation. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence and risk factors of early delayed, warfarin-associated intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). METHODS: Adult patients with signs and symptoms of head injury on warfarin who were admitted by protocol to SMMC between March 2007 and June 2015 were included...
March 14, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530690/intraventricular-hemorrhage-after-head-injury-a-multicenter-retrospective-cohort-study
#19
Keita Shibahashi, Kazuhiro Sugiyama, Yoshihiro Okura, Hidenori Hoda, Yuichi Hamabe
BACKGROUND: Data on traumatic intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) are currently limited, and therefore, the condition is not fully understood. The aim of this study was to determine the epidemiology of traumatic IVH and its effects on outcome in patients with blunt head trauma. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Using a nationwide trauma registry-the Japan Trauma Data Bank, we identified patients who underwent head computed tomography (CT) after blunt head trauma and had intracranial injuries between 2004 and 2015...
March 9, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521777/heads-up-describing-and-implementing-a-time-saving-head-strike-protocol-at-a-level-ii-trauma-center
#20
Sharon Wacht, Kristin Salottolo, Amy Atnip, Michelle Hooks, Mary Bailie, Matthew Carrick
Head strikes can be fatal for patients taking blood thinners (anticoagulants or antiplatelets). Our trauma center instituted the "head strike protocol" to provide uniform and expedited care for adult trauma patients taking preinjury anticoagulants and antiplatelet medications with suspected head injury. The purpose of this article is to describe the development and implementation of the head strike protocol and compare time metrics and outcomes before and after implementing the protocol. Per the head strike protocol, patients with suspected traumatic intracranial hemorrhage (tICH) were screened for anticoagulants or antiplatelet medications by emergency medical service personnel/at first contact, activated as a Level II trauma and received a computed tomographic scan of the head within 30 min of arrival, and started reversal of blood products within 30 min of tICH confirmation...
March 2018: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
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