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traumatic intracranial hemorrhage

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331261/bilateral-traumatic-intracranial-hematomas-and-its-outcome-a-retrospective-study
#1
Sharad Pandey, Vivek Sharma, Kulwant Singh, Deepa Pandey, Mukesh Sharma, Deepak Bhanudas Patil, Neeraj Shende, Richa Singh Chauhan
The objective of this study was to evaluate the age distribution, mode of injury, type of hematomas, and their surgical outcome in patients with bilateral traumatic head injuries. The present study included 669 cases of traumatic head injury who presented at the neurosurgery emergency out of which 94 cases had bilateral head injuries from the period of August 2009 to April 2014. The data from the hospital computerized database were retrospectively analysed. Cases of bilateral traumatic head injury included 94 patients out of which 88...
February 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320134/post-hemorrhagic-hydrocephalus-recent-advances-and-new-therapeutic-insights
#2
REVIEW
Qianwei Chen, Zhou Feng, Qiang Tan, Jing Guo, Jun Tang, Liang Tan, Hua Feng, Zhi Chen
Post-hemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH), also referred to as progressive ventricular dilatation, is caused by disturbances in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow or absorption following hemorrhage in the brain. As one of the most serious complications of neonatal/adult intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), and traumatic brain injury (TBI), PHH is associated with increased morbidity and disability of these events. Common sequelae of PHH include neurocognitive impairment, motor dysfunction, and growth impairment...
April 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287909/clinical-evaluation-of-a-microwave-based-device-for-detection-of-traumatic-intracranial-hemorrhage
#3
Johan Ljungqvist, Stefan Candefjord, Mikael Persson, Lars Jönsson, Thomas Skoglund, Mikael Elam
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of death and disability among young persons. A key to improve outcome for patients with TBI is to reduce the time from injury to definitive care by achieving high triage accuracy. Microwave technology (MWT) allows for a portable device to be used in the pre-hospital setting for detection of intracranial hematomas at the scene of injury, thereby enhancing early triage and allowing for more adequate early care. MWT has previously been evaluated for medical applications including the ability to differentiate between hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279553/portable-near-infrared-rapid-detection-of-intracranial-hemorrhage-in-chinese-population
#4
Long Xu, Xiaogang Tao, Weiming Liu, Yanong Li, Jun Ma, Te Lu, Bo Han, Baiyun Liu, Yuanli Zhao, Jingsheng Li, Jizong Zhao
BACKGROUND: Secondary brain injury is the main cause of mortality from traumatic brain injury (TBI). One hallmark of TBI is intracranial hemorrhage, which occurs in 40-50% of severe TBI cases. Early identification of intracranial hematomas in TBI patients allows early surgical evacuation, and can reduce the case-fatality rate of TBI. Since pre-hospital care is the weakest part of Chinese emergency care, there is an urgent need for a capability to detect brain hematomas early. The purpose of this observational study was to evaluate the performance of a near infrared (NIR) based, device to screen for traumatic intracranial hematomas in Chinese population...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248802/repeat-head-imaging-in-blunt-pediatric-trauma-patients-is-it-necessary
#5
E Patricia Hill, P J Stiles, Jared Reyes, R Joseph Nold, Stephen D Helmer, James M Haan
BACKGROUND: Children with confirmed brain injury usually undergo follow-up computed tomography scan (CT) of the head within 24 hours of admission. To date, no evidence exists to validate the diagnostic or therapeutic value of these repeat CTs. The purpose of this study was to: (1) evaluate progression of traumatic brain injuries, (2) determine if routine repeat imaging changes management, and (3) compare the efficacy of recognizing worsening hemorrhage with serial neurologic examination versus repeat imaging...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246625/endovascular-management-of-a-combined-subclavian-and-vertebral-artery-injury-in-an-unstable-polytrauma-patient-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
Christian David Weber, Philipp Kobbe, Christian Herren, Andreas H Mahnken, Frank Hildebrand, Hans-Christoph Pape
While blunt trauma of the head and neck are a common pattern of injury, significant problems related to the prompt diagnosis and optimal management of traumatic artery injuries have been reported in the literature. While patients with major artery injuries might develop hemorrhagic shock very rapidly, patients with blunt cerebrovascular injuries (BCVI) can present asymptomatic, but complications like basilar territory infarction, cortical blindness and death may occur. We report the life- and limb-saving management in a 57-year-old hemodynamically unstable trauma patient...
January 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241151/outcomes-associated-with-resuming-warfarin-treatment-after-hemorrhagic-stroke-or-traumatic-intracranial-hemorrhage-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#7
Peter Brønnum Nielsen, Torben Bjerregaard Larsen, Flemming Skjøth, Gregory Y H Lip
Importance: The increase in the risk for bleeding associated with antithrombotic therapy causes a dilemma in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) who sustain an intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). A thrombotic risk is present; however, a risk for serious harm associated with resumption of anticoagulation therapy also exists. Objective: To investigate the prognosis associated with resuming warfarin treatment stratified by the type of ICH (hemorrhagic stroke or traumatic ICH)...
February 20, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238499/out-of-hospital-triage-of-older-adults-with-head-injury-a-retrospective-study-of-the-effect-of-adding-anticoagulation-or-antiplatelet-medication-use-as-a-criterion
#8
Daniel K Nishijima, Samuel D Gaona, Trent Waechter, Ric Maloney, Troy Bair, Adam Blitz, Andrew R Elms, Roel D Farrales, Calvin Howard, James Montoya, Jeneita M Bell, Mark Faul, David R Vinson, Hernando Garzon, James F Holmes, Dustin W Ballard
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Field triage guidelines recommend that emergency medical services (EMS) providers consider transport of head-injured older adults with anticoagulation use to trauma centers. However, the triage patterns and the incidence of intracranial hemorrhage or neurosurgery in these patients are unknown. Our objective is to describe the characteristics and outcomes of older adults with head trauma who are transported by EMS, particularly for patients who do not meet physiologic, anatomic, or mechanism-of-injury (steps 1 to 3) field triage criteria but are receiving anticoagulant or antiplatelet medications...
February 23, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213195/blunt-traumatic-brain-injury-patients-a-role-for-ct-angiography-of-the-head-to-evaluate-non-traumatic-etiologies
#9
REVIEW
Ha Nguyen, Ninh Doan, Michael Gelsomino, Saman Shabani
BACKGROUND: In the setting of trauma, the etiology of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is frequently attributed to the physical, traumatic event. Caution should still be directed towards non-traumatic (or spontaneous) etiologies responsible for the trauma, such as hypertension, cerebral amyloid angiopathy, aneurysms, vascular malformation, and hemorrhagic infarcts. The role for immediate CT angiography (CTA) remains controversial to evaluate for non-traumatic etiologies. METHODS: A systematic review of the available literature in Medline PubMed database...
February 14, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209450/the-effect-of-tranexamic-acid-in-traumatic-brain-injury-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Abolfazl Jokar, Koorosh Ahmadi, Tayyebeh Salehi, Mahdi Sharif-Alhoseini, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar
PURPOSE: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of death and disability. Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) secondary to TBI is associated with a high risk of coagulopathy which leads to increasing risk of hemorrhage growth and higher mortality rate. Therefore, antifibrinolytic agents such as tranexamic acid (TA) might reduce traumatic ICH. The aim of the present study was to investigate the extent of ICH growth after TA administration in TBI patients. METHODS: This single-blind randomized controlled trial was conducted on patients with traumatic ICH (with less than 30 ml) referring to the emergency department of Vali-Asr Hospital, Arak, Iran in 2014...
February 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196608/management-of-major-bleeding-events-in-patients-treated-with-dabigatran-for-nonvalvular-atrial-fibrillation-a-retrospective-multicenter-review
#11
Truman J Milling, Christian Fromm, Michael Ganetsky, Daniel J Pallin, Julie Cong, Adam J Singer
STUDY OBJECTIVE: There are limited data on the clinical presentations and management of dabigatran-associated major bleeding outside the clinical trial setting. The aim of this study is to describe clinical characteristics, interventions, and outcomes in patients with dabigatran-associated major bleeding who present to the emergency department (ED). METHODS: We performed a retrospective observational chart review study of dabigatran-treated patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation who presented with acute major bleeding to the ED...
February 3, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192386/spectrum-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-features-in-unilateral-optic-tract-dysfunction
#12
Kristopher M Kowal, Francisco F Rivas Rodriguez, Ashok Srinivasan, Jonathan D Trobe
BACKGROUND: Optic tract dysfunction may be the predominant or only clinical manifestation of an intracranial disorder including mass legion, ischemic infarct, inflammatory disease, and trauma. Documentation of the neuroimaging features of these lesions is limited to reports mostly published before the availability of MRI. This study was undertaken to document the spectrum of MRI features in patients presenting with optic tract dysfunction. METHODS: A retrospective study from 2004 to 2015 at a single tertiary care neuro-ophthalmology service of 24 patients who had unilateral optic tract dysfunction defined by a homonymous hemianopia and a relative afferent pupil defect that could not be attributed to optic neuropathy or retinopathy...
March 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190445/management-of-neurologic-complications-of-coagulopathies
#13
J D Vanderwerf, M A Kumar
Coagulopathy is common in intensive care units (ICUs). Many physiologic derangements lead to dysfunctional hemostasis; these may be either congenital or acquired. The most devastating outcome of coagulopathy in the critically ill is major bleeding, defined by transfusion requirement, hemodynamic instability, or intracranial hemorrhage. ICU coagulopathy often poses complex management dilemmas, as bleeding risk must be tempered with thrombotic potential. Coagulopathy associated with intracranial hemorrhage bears directly on prognosis and outcome...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190439/neurologic-complications-of-polytrauma
#14
R M Jha, L Shutter
Neurologic complications in polytrauma can be classified by etiology and clinical manifestations: neurovascular, delirium, and spinal or neuromuscular problems. Neurovascular complications include ischemic strokes, intracranial hemorrhage, or the development of traumatic arteriovenous fistulae. Delirium and encephalopathy have a reported incidence of 67-92% in mechanically ventilated polytrauma patients. Causes include sedation, analgesia/pain, medications, sleep deprivation, postoperative state, toxic ingestions, withdrawal syndromes, organ system dysfunction, electrolyte/metabolic abnormalities, and infections...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186445/subdural-hematoma-as-a-major-determinant-of-short-term-outcomes-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#15
Jonathan J Lee, David J Segar, John F Morrison, William M Mangham, Shane Lee, Wael F Asaad
OBJECTIVE Early radiographic findings in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) have been studied in hopes of better predicting injury severity and outcome. However, prior attempts have generally not considered the various types of intracranial hemorrhage in isolation and have typically not excluded patients with potentially confounding extracranial injuries. Therefore, the authors examined the associations of various radiographic findings with short-term outcome to assess the potential utility of these findings in future prognostic models...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183837/diagnostic-performance-of-ultrafast-brain-mri-for-evaluation-of-abusive-head-trauma
#16
S F Kralik, M Yasrebi, N Supakul, C Lin, L G Netter, R A Hicks, R A Hibbard, L L Ackerman, M L Harris, C Y Ho
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: MR imaging with sedation is commonly used to detect intracranial traumatic pathology in the pediatric population. Our purpose was to compare nonsedated ultrafast MR imaging, noncontrast head CT, and standard MR imaging for the detection of intracranial trauma in patients with potential abusive head trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was performed in 24 pediatric patients who were evaluated for potential abusive head trauma...
February 9, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175394/185%C3%A2-the-utility-of-thromboelastography-for-predicting-the-risk-of-progression-of-intracranial-hemorrhage-in-traumatic-brain-injury-patients
#17
Abigail J Rao, Amber Laurie, Cole Hilliard, Rochelle Fu, Tori Lennox, Ronald Barbosa, Martin Schreiber, Susan Rowell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152490/traumatic-tension-pneumocephalus-two-case-reports
#18
Abubaker Al-Aieb, Ruben Peralta, Mohammad Ellabib, Ayman El-Menyar, Hassan Al-Thani
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic pneumocephalus rarely evolves into tension pneumocephalus. It can be devastating if not recognized and treated promptly. CASE PRESENTATION: We presented two cases of post-traumatic tension pneumocephalus. A 30- year old male pedestrian hit by a car presented with right frontal bone fracture extending to right frontal sinuses. He developed pneumocephalus involving all ventricles and subdural space and extending down to foramen magnum with tight basal cistern...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143693/factors-associated-with-adverse-outcomes-in-patients-with-traumatic-intracranial-hemorrhage-and-glasgow-coma-scale-of-15
#19
Natalie Kreitzer, Kimberly Hart, Christopher J Lindsell, Brittany Betham, Yair Gozal, Norberto O Andaluz, Michael S Lyons, Jordan Bonomo, Opeolu Adeoye
Patients with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) with associated intracranial injury, or complicated mTBI, are at risk of deterioration. Clinical management differs within and between institutions. We conducted an exploratory analysis to determine which of these patients are unlikely to have an adverse outcome and may be future targets for less resource intensive care. This single center retrospective cohort study included patients presenting to the ED with blunt complicated mTBI between January 2001 and December 2010...
January 25, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122702/major-publications-in-the-critical-care-pharmacotherapy-literature-in-2015
#20
Adrian Wong, Michael Erdman, Drayton A Hammond, Tara Holt, Jenna M Holzhausen, Michelle Horng, Lori Lynn Huang, Jennifer Jarvis, Bridgette Kram, Shawn Kram, Christine Lesch, Jessica Mercer, Megan A Rech, Ryan Rivosecchi, Brian Stump, Colleen Teevan, Sarah Day
PURPOSE: Recently published practice guidelines and research reports on pharmacotherapy in critical care patient populations are summarized. SUMMARY: The Critical Care Pharmacotherapy Literature Update (CCPLU) Group is composed of over 50 experienced critical care pharmacists who evaluate 31 peer-reviewed journals monthly to identify literature pertaining to pharmacotherapy in critical care populations. Articles are chosen for summarization in a monthly CCPLU Group publication on the basis of applicability and relevance to clinical practice and strength of study design...
January 25, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
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