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Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome

Fernanda Pimentel de Araujo, Marco Tinelli, Antonio Battisti, Angela Ercoli, Adriano Anesi, Annalisa Pantosti, Monica Monaco
PURPOSE: Staphylococcus aureus is an important cause of infections in hospitalized neonates. Preterm or low birthweight infants are especially at risk to develop a S. aureus infection due to the immaturity of the immune system, length of hospital stay and invasive procedures. Exfoliative toxin (ET)-producing S. aureus is often responsible for neonatal infections, causing clinical manifestations such as staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome, characterized by both localized blisters or generalized exfoliation of the skin...
November 6, 2017: Infection
A Staiman, D Y Hsu, J I Silverberg
BACKGROUND: Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome (SSSS) is a blistering dermatosis caused by exfoliative toxins released from Staphylococcus aureus. We sought to describe the incidence, costs, length of stay (LOS), comorbidities, and mortality of SSSS in US children. METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample 2008-2012 was analyzed, including a 20% sample of US hospitalizations and 589 cases of SSSS. RESULTS: The annual incidence of SSSS was 7...
October 27, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
Simona Saluzzo, Franziska Layer, Georg Stingl, Georg Stary
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 30, 2017: Acta Dermato-venereologica
Toru Urata, Michihiro Kono, Yuka Ishihara, Masashi Akiyama
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 17, 2017: Acta Dermato-venereologica
Itzhak Brook
CONTEXT: A growing body of evidence supports the health benefits of circumcision, but the occurrence of infectious complications is of concern. OBJECTIVE: To review literature presenting past data and studies of infectious complications of circumcision and their prevention. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A literature search was conducted of the Cochrane Library, Embase, Turning Research into Practice, PubMed, and Medline databases from their inception through June 25, 2015...
October 2016: European Urology Focus
Jennifer Davidson, Samantha Polly, Peter J Hayes, Kristopher R Fisher, Ajay J Talati, Tejesh Patel
Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome (SSSS) in premature infants is a rare condition. We present SSSS in an extremely low-birth-weight (ELBW) infant with recurrent and confirmed bacterial sepsis. We present it to emphasize the importance for clinicians to not only recognize the clinical manifestations of SSSS, but also the need to closely monitor infants, especially very low-birth-weight (VLBW) and ELBW infants with SSSS for recurrence and bacterial sepsis. SSSS in preterm infants is a potentially lethal condition and early recognition and appropriate supportive care could be life-saving...
April 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
Anastassios Doudoulakakis, Iris Spiliopoulou, Nikolaos Spyridis, Nikolaos Giormezis, John Kopsidas, Maria Militsopoulou, Evangelia Lebessi, Maria Tsolia
Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) caused by mupirocin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains have recently increased in number in our settings. We sought to evaluate the characteristics of these cases over a 43-month period. Data for all community-acquired staphylococcal infections caused by mupirocin-resistant strains were retrospectively reviewed. Genes encoding products producing high-level resistance (HLR) to mupirocin (mupA), fusidic acid resistance (fusB), resistance to macrolides and lincosamides (ermC and ermA), Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) (lukS/lukF-PV), exfoliative toxins (eta and etb), and fibronectin binding protein A (fnbA) were investigated by PCRs in 102 selected preserved strains...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Sonia Valero-Portero, Lorenzo Quesada-Dorigne, Juan José Quesada López, Ángel Bernardo Brea-Lamas, Manuel Cidrás-Pidré
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Onofrio Lamanna, Dafne Bongiorno, Lisa Bertoncello, Stefano Grandesso, Sandra Mazzucato, Giovanni Battista Pozzan, Mario Cutrone, Michela Chirico, Flavia Baesso, Pierluigi Brugnaro, Viviana Cafiso, Stefania Stefani, Floriana Campanile
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to identify the source and the transmission pathway for a Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome (SSSS) outbreak in a maternity setting in Italy over 2 months, during 2014; to implement appropriate control measures in order to prevent the epidemic spread within the maternity ward; and to identify the Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) epidemic clone. METHODS: Epidemiological and microbiological investigations, based on phenotyping and genotyping methods, were performed...
January 6, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
Hyejin Jeon, Sang Hyuk Ma, Hyun Jin Jo, Min-Seok Woo, Hyeonjun An, Hyungsik Park, Choongeun Kwon, Youjeong Kim, Je Chul Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Medical Microbiology
Montina Dudley, Bridget Parsh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Nursing
L Franco, P Pereira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 8, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
Arun K Mishra, Pragya Yadav, Amrita Mishra
The symptoms of Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome (SSSS) include blistering of skin on superficial layers due to the exfoliative toxins released from Staphylococcus aureus. After the acute exfoliation of skin surface, erythematous cellulitis occurs. The SSSS may be confined to few blisters localized to the infection site and spread to severe exfoliation affecting complete body. The specific antibodies to exotoxins and increased clearence of exotoxins decrease the frequency of SSSS in adults. Immediate medication with parenteral anti-staphylococcal antibiotics is mandatory...
2016: Open Microbiology Journal
Y S Sarma, Manas Chatterjee, G L Tiwari, S K Kathuria, Atul Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2004: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
Juan Su, Ji Li, Haiyan Luo, Zhenghui Xiao, Binping Luo, Xiang Chen, Jie Li, Panpan Liu, Wu Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To realize the risk factors, clinical features, and treatments of Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome (SSSS).
 METHODS: The clinical features, laboratory findings, and treatment were retrospectively analyzed in 290 patients from Hunan Children's Hospital.
 RESULTS: Of the 290 patients, less than 3 years old children were 76.6%. One hundred and nine patients had induced factors, and 177 patients had elevated white blood cell count...
April 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
Dogu Aydin, Bjarne Alsbjørn
Benign impetigo can progress into a potential fatal staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome (SSSS) if prompt diagnosis and correct therapy is not established rapidly. Local and systematic antibiotics as well as Lactulose are crucial in order to stop SSSS from progressing. Burns units should be involved when skin lesions are extensive.
April 2016: Clinical Case Reports
Jonathan J Lee, Hillary C Tsibris, Arash Mostaghimi, Christine G Lian
Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome is a toxin-mediated, epidermolytic condition that uncommonly affects adults. A 51-year-old man receiving chemotherapy for leukemia presented with a large geographic erosion with superficial sloughing and multiple smaller lesions elsewhere. Biopsy revealed complete subcorneal splitting with multiple detached fragments of normal-appearing stratum corneum with fragments of attached acantholytic granular keratinocytes. Mild epidermal dysmaturation was also noted. Based on these findings, the patient was started on oral cephalexin, topical mupirocin, and topical clobetasol...
August 2014: Dermatopathology (Basel, Switzerland)
Blake Galler, Casey Bowen, Jason Arnold, Todd Kobayashi, Scott R Dalton
Frozen section is a valuable tool that is often underutilized in the setting of in-patient dermatology. Traditionally, frozen section has been used in dermatology to diagnose toxic epidermal necrolysis, with some additional utility in staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome in the new born period. We report a newborn female with ruptured bullae on the face, chest, back and extremities with a clinical differential diagnosis that included staphylococcal scalded skin, bullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma/epidermolytic hyperkeratosis and epidermolysis bullosa...
May 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Igor Abaev, Yury Skryabin, Angelina Kislichkina, Alexandr Bogun, Olga Korobova, Nadezhda Mayskaya, Igor Shemyakin, Ivan Dyatlov
Staphylococcus aureus clonal complex 8 (CC8) has not been associated with staphylococcal scalded-skin syndrome (SSSS) in newborns and exfoliative toxin genes. Here, we report the draft genome sequences of exfoliative toxin A-producing B-7772, B-7777 (both CC8), and B-7774 (CC15) strains associated with SSSS in newborns.
2016: Genome Announcements
Hyejin Jeon, Man Hwan Oh, So Hyun Jun, Seung Il Kim, Chi Won Choi, Hyo Il Kwon, Seok Hyeon Na, Yoo Jeong Kim, Asiimwe Nicholas, Gati Noble Selasi, Je Chul Lee
Staphylococcus aureus secretes membrane-derived vesicles (MVs), which can deliver virulence factors to host cells and induce cytopathology. However, the cytopathology of host cells induced by MVs derived from different S. aureus strains has not yet been characterized. In the present study, the cytotoxic activity of MVs from different S. aureus isolates on host cells was compared and the proteomes of S. aureus MVs were analyzed. The MVs purified from S. aureus M060 isolated from a patient with staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome showed higher cytotoxic activity toward host cells than that shown by MVs from three other clinical S...
April 2016: Microbial Pathogenesis
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