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G O Nwagbara, Abiodun Mathias Emokpae
Hypertension constitutes one of the major metabolic disease in Nigeria especially among military personnel and their families. Myocardial infarction and other cardiovascular diseases may occur in this group of patient due to uncontrolled or poorly controlled hypertension. The objective of this study was to determine serum cardiac Troponin I (cTnI), levels in hypertensive Nigerian Military service personnel attending clinic in a military Health facility.  We measured the serum levels of cTnI in 126 hypertensive subjects [76 males (19-73 years) and 50 females (26-77years)] and 82 normotensive controls [41 males (19-60years) and 41 females (18-53years)] using Latex Enhanced Immunoturbidimetry technique...
December 30, 2017: Nigerian Journal of Physiological Sciences: Official Publication of the Physiological Society of Nigeria
K O Zubair, K C Iregbu
Background: Acquired metallo-β-lactamases (MBLs) pose serious problem both in terms of treatment and infection control in the hospitals and report across the world showed an increase in their prevalence. However, there is a paucity of data from Africa, and their report is rare in Nigeria. Aim: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of acquired MBL-resistant genes in carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa in Abuja, North Central Nigeria. Materials and Methods: Two hundred nonduplicate, consecutive isolates of P...
February 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Ahmed Olowo-Okere, Yakubu Kokori Enevene Ibrahim, Busayo Olalekan Olayinka
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to characterize ESBL-producing Gram-negative bacterial isolates from patients with surgical site infections (SSIs) at a tertiary healthcare facility in Abuja, Nigeria. METHOD: Consecutive, non-duplicate, wound swabs were collected, over three months period, from wounds of patients who had SSI and cultured appropriately. Bacterial isolates were identified using rapid identification kits. Modified disc diffusion method was used for antibiotics susceptibility testing and the phenotypic ESBL activity of the isolates was determined using the Double Discs Synergy Test (DDST)...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
Godwin Jiya Gana, Mansur O Oche, Jessica Timane Ango, Aminu Umar Kaoje, Kehinde Joseph Awosan, Ismail A Raji
Cervical cancer is the most common female genital tract carcinoma worldwide. It is increasingly becoming the leading carcinoma seen among women in the developing world. The aim of our study was to showcase the effect of educational intervention on the knowledge of cervical cancer and subsequently the uptake of Pap smear test amongst market women in Niger state, Nigeria. The state has a rich network of markets in all the local government areas because of the fishing activities, bountiful agricultural produce yearly and its situation to the North of the national capital, Abuja...
December 31, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
Ernest Usang Ekpo, Thomas Adejoh, Judith David Akwo, Christian Emeka Onwujekwe, Alhaji Modu Ali, Mohammed Abba, Kudirat Adesina, Oselumenosen David Omiyi, Uche H Chiegwu
To explore doses from common adult computed tomography (CT) examinations and propose a national diagnostic reference levels (nDRLs) for Nigeria. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study was approved by the Nnamdi Azikiwe University and University Teaching Hospital Institutional Review Boards (IRB: NAUTH/CS/66/Vol8/84) and involved dose survey of adult CT examinations across the six geographical regions of Nigeria and Abuja from January 2016 to August 2017. Dose data of adult head, chest and abdomen/pelvis CT examinations were extracted from patient folders...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
Joshua Oluwafemi Aiyekomogbon, Joseph Bako Igashi, Reuben Omokafe Lawan, Muftau Jimoh Bioku, Musa Ameadaji
BACKGROUND: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is an inability to achieve and maintain erectile rigidity sufficient for satisfactory sexual performance. It is either organic or psychogenic in origin. This study was aimed at establishing vasculogenic causes among patients being evaluated for ED using triplex Doppler Ultrasound. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was conducted at the Department of Radiology, Federal Medical Centre, Abuja, Nigeria from July 2015 to January 2017...
October 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
Yohanna Kambai Avong, Gambo Gumel Aliyu, Bolajoko Jatau, Ritmwa Gurumnaan, Nanfwang Danat, Gbenga Ayodele Kayode, Victor Adekanmbi, Patrick Dakum
BACKGROUND: The landscape of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) epidemic control is shifting with the United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) 90-90-90 benchmarks for epidemic control. Community-based Antiretroviral Therapy (CART) models have improved treatment uptake and demonstrated good clinical outcomes. We assessed the feasibility of integrating community pharmacy as a task shift structure for differentiated community ART in Abuja-Nigeria. METHODS: Stable patients on first line ART regimens from public health facilities were referred to community pharmacies in different locations within the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja for prescription refills and treatment maintenance...
2018: PloS One
A L Bergren, G A Abuja, K A Bubeck, T J P Spoormakers, J M García-López
BACKGROUND: No large retrospective case series describing the treatment and outcomes following diagnosis of cranial nuchal bursitis have been published. OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical presentation, diagnostic techniques, treatment and outcome of horses suffering from cranial nuchal bursitis and to determine their outcome after medical or surgical treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Medical records (1990-2014) of two referral centres were reviewed for signalment, diagnostic features, method of treatment (medical, surgical or both) and outcome...
November 28, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
Celia Taylor, Frances Griffiths, Richard Lilford
INTRODUCTION: Community health worker (CHW) programmes have low costs per person served and are central to achieving universal healthcare. However, their total cost is high and the target of one million CHWs for sub-Saharan Africa by 2015 was not met. We consider the affordability of rural CHW programmes by estimating total programme costs relative to national healthcare expenditure at different CHW salaries and resources available for healthcare. METHODS: We combine an existing source of rural CHW programme costs with World Bank data to estimate relative CHW programme costs in 37 countries...
2017: BMJ Global Health
Mabel Kamweli Aworh, Emmanuel Chukuwdi Okolocha, Emmanuel Jolaoluwa Awosanya, Folorunso Oludayo Fasina
BACKGROUND: Brucellosis, a neglected tropical food-borne zoonotic disease, has a negative impact on both animal and human health as well as tremendous socio-economic impact in developing countries where rural income relies largely on livestock breeding and dairy products. It is endemic in the animal population in Nigeria and is a recognized occupational hazard. This work was done to establish the sero-prevalence and predisposing factors of food animals in Abuja, Nigeria to Brucella infection...
October 10, 2017: BMC Research Notes
Michael Adewole Adedigba, Joshua -Aransiola, Regina I Arobieke, Olufemi Adewole, Temitope Oyelami
OBJECTIVES: Snuffing or licking of smokeless tobacco (SLT) is one of the oldest traditional practices among the African population. This study aims to investigate the beliefs and practices related to SLT use among users in Nigeria. We also assess the awareness of the health consequences of SLT among users. METHODS: A qualitative technique involving an in-depth interview was employed to collect data from SLT users from selected indigenous Nigerian populations in their traditional settings (Saki, Ile-Ife, Ibadan, and Abuja)...
September 25, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
Temitope E Filade, Eileen O Dareng, Toyosi Olawande, Tolani A Fagbohun, Amos O Adebayo, Clement A Adebamowo
OBJECTIVES: Human papillomavirus (HPV) deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)-based testing is increasingly used for cervical cancer screening in developed countries, but the best approach to utilizing it in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) is unclear. Incorporation of HPV DNA-based testing into routine antenatal care (ANC) is a potential yet poorly explored strategy for cervical cancer screening in LMIC. We explored the attitude of health care workers and pregnant women to the incorporation of HPV DNA-based tests into routine ANC in Nigeria...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
Cristina Rodriguez-Hart, Rebecca G Nowak, Rashelle Musci, Danielle German, Ifeanyi Orazulike, Blessing Kayode, Hongjie Liu, Oye Gureje, Trevor A Crowell, Stefan Baral, Man Charurat
OBJECTIVES: Sexual stigma affecting MSM in Nigeria may be an important driver of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), but potential mechanisms through which this occurs are not well understood. This study assessed the contributions of suicidal ideation and sexual risk behaviors to causal pathways between stigma and HIV/STIs. DESIGN: Data were collected from the TRUST/RV368 Study, a prospective cohort of 1480 MSM from Abuja and Lagos, Nigeria. METHODS: Participants enrolled from March 2013 to February 2016 were classified into three stigma subgroups based on a latent class analysis of nine stigma indicators...
November 13, 2017: AIDS
Dike B Ojji, Sandrine Lecour, Olusoji M Adeyemi, Karen Sliwa
PURPOSE: ST2 receptor, which is a member of the Toll-like/interleukin-1 (IL-1) receptor family, has been found to be increased in the serum of patients 1 day after myocardial infarction. Several other studies have shown that soluble ST2 levels correlate with severity of heart failure (HF), left ventricular ejection fraction, creatinine clearance, B-type natriuretic peptide and C-reactive protein, and are predictors of mortality in HF. Most of these studies were not only limited to ischemic heart disease but also concentrated on left-sided HF...
2017: Vascular Health and Risk Management
I M Ifeorah, A S Bakarey, J A Adeniji, F N Onyemelukwe
INTRODUCTION: Triple infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis D virus (HDV) is rare. There is limited data on the seroprevalence of HIV/HBV/HDV tri-infection especially in Nigeria. The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalences of HBsAg and HDV among HIV-infected individuals attending anti-retroviral (ARV) clinics in Abuja, Nigeria. METHODS: In this cohort study, blood samples were collected from 1102 (male = 450; female = 652), with age range <20 to ≥51 years (mean age = 34...
2017: Journal of Immunoassay & Immunochemistry
Chigozie Jesse Uneke, Issiaka Sombie, Namoudou Keita, Virgil Lokossou, Ermel Johnson, Pierre Ongolo-Zogo
BACKGROUND: There is increasing interest globally in the use of more rigorous processes to ensure that maternal, newborn, and child health (MNCH) care recommendations are informed by the best available research evidence use. The purpose of this study was to engage Nigerian MNCH policy-makers and other stakeholders to consider issues around research to policy and practice interface and to assess their existing knowledge and capacity on the use of research evidence for policy-making and practice...
October 8, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
P P Mshelbwala, D K Akinwolemiwa, B V Maikai, R G Otolorin, N A Maurice, J S Weese
The objectives of this study were to determine the characteristics of a dog population, including their accessibility to vaccination and health care, in urban and semiurban areas of Gwagwalada, Abuja, Nigeria. Direct street counts and a house-to-house survey of city streets were performed. A total of 451 households were surveyed comprising 43.7% urban and 53.3% semiurban areas. A total of 848 owned dogs were identified, along with 3,115 corresponding humans. With a dog-to-human ratio of 1:3.7, the dog population in the study area was estimated as 103,758...
August 7, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
Chigozie J Uneke, Issiaka Sombie, Namoudou Keita, Virgil Lokossou, Ermel Johnson, Pierre Ongolo-Zogo
BACKGROUND: In Nigeria, interest in the evidence-to-policy process is gaining momentum among policymakers involved in maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH). However, numerous gaps exist among policymakers on use of research evidence in policymaking. The objective of this study was to assess the perception of MNCH policymakers regarding their needs and the barriers and facilitators to use of research evidence in policymaking in Nigeria. METHODS: The study design was a cross-sectional assessment of perceptions undertaken during a national MNCH stakeholders' engagement event convened in Abuja, Nigeria...
July 12, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
Jelili Olaide Mustapha, Anthony Uchenna Emeribe, Idris Abdullahi Nasir
BACKGROUND: Dengue and malaria are infections, of great public health concern, especially in sub-Saharan Africa where the burden of HIV infection is high. This study was conducted to determine the seroprevalence of dengue virus IgG antibodies and dengue/malaria coinfection among febrile HIV-infected patients attending the University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, Gwagwalada, Abuja. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, blood samples from 178 consenting HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy were collected and tested for plasmodiasis and anti-Dengue virus IgG using malaria microscopy and ELISA, respectively...
2017: HIV/AIDS: Research and Palliative Care
Kasonde Bowa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Annals of African Medicine
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