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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722554/improving-maternal-and-child-health-policymaking-processes-in-nigeria-an-assessment-of-policymakers-needs-barriers-and-facilitators-of-evidence-informed-policymaking
#1
Chigozie J Uneke, Issiaka Sombie, Namoudou Keita, Virgil Lokossou, Ermel Johnson, Pierre Ongolo-Zogo
BACKGROUND: In Nigeria, interest in the evidence-to-policy process is gaining momentum among policymakers involved in maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH). However, numerous gaps exist among policymakers on use of research evidence in policymaking. The objective of this study was to assess the perception of MNCH policymakers regarding their needs and the barriers and facilitators to use of research evidence in policymaking in Nigeria. METHODS: The study design was a cross-sectional assessment of perceptions undertaken during a national MNCH stakeholders' engagement event convened in Abuja, Nigeria...
July 12, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721101/survey-of-malaria-and-anti-dengue-virus-igg-among-febrile-hiv-infected-patients-attending-a-tertiary-hospital-in-abuja-nigeria
#2
Jelili Olaide Mustapha, Anthony Uchenna Emeribe, Idris Abdullahi Nasir
BACKGROUND: Dengue and malaria are infections, of great public health concern, especially in sub-Saharan Africa where the burden of HIV infection is high. This study was conducted to determine the seroprevalence of dengue virus IgG antibodies and dengue/malaria coinfection among febrile HIV-infected patients attending the University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, Gwagwalada, Abuja. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, blood samples from 178 consenting HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy were collected and tested for plasmodiasis and anti-Dengue virus IgG using malaria microscopy and ELISA, respectively...
2017: HIV/AIDS: Research and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671147/sonographic-assessment-of-urolithiasis-in-university-of-abuja-teaching-hospital-nigeria
#3
Kasonde Bowa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652217/tuberculosis-and-diabetes-in-nigerian-patients-with-and-without-hiv
#4
Lovett Lawson, Magdalena Muc, Olanrewaju Oladimeji, Chijioke Iweha, Blessing Opoola, Saddiq T Abdurhaman, John S Bimba, Luis E Cuevas
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and HIV increase the risk of tuberculosis (TB). The frequency of DM among patients with TB with and without HIV is poorly documented in many low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional hospital-based study performed in Abuja, Nigeria. Adults with presumptive TB were screened consecutively. Sputum culture was used for TB screening and blood was used for HIV screening, as well as fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) assessment for the diagnosis of DM...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634496/household-response-to-inadequate-sewerage-and-garbage-collection-services-in-abuja-nigeria
#5
Ismaila Rimi Abubakar
Provision of sanitation and garbage collection services is an important and yet challenging issue in the rapidly growing cities of developing countries, with significant human health and environmental sustainability implications. Although a growing number of studies have investigated the consequences of inadequate delivery of basic urban services in developing countries, few studies have examined how households cope with the problems. Using the Exit, Voice, Loyalty, and Neglect (EVLN) model, this article explores how households respond to inadequate sewerage and garbage collection services in Abuja, Nigeria...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593509/health-expenditure-and-economic-growth-a-review-of-the-literature-and-an-analysis-between-the-economic-community-for-central-african-states-cemac-and-selected-african-countries
#6
Serge Mandiefe Piabuo, Julius Chupezi Tieguhong
African leaders accepted in the year 2001 through the Abuja Declaration to allocate 15% of their government expenditure on health but by 2013 only five (5) African countries achieved this target. In this paper, a comparative analysis on the impact of health expenditure between countries in the CEMAC sub-region and five other African countries that achieved the Abuja declaration is provided. Data for this study was extracted from the World Development Indicators (2016) database, panel ordinary least square (OLS), fully modified ordinary least square (FMOLS) and dynamic ordinary least square (DOLS) were used as econometric technic of analysis...
December 2017: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588598/genetic-gains-in-grain-yield-of-a-maize-population-improved-through-marker-assisted-recurrent-selection-under-stress-and-non-stress-conditions-in-west-africa
#7
Rekiya O Abdulmalik, Abebe Menkir, Silvestro K Meseka, Nnanna Unachukwu, Shehu G Ado, Joseph D Olarewaju, Daniel A Aba, Sarah Hearne, Jose Crossa, Melaku Gedil
Marker-assisted recurrent selection (MARS) is a breeding method used to accumulate favorable alleles that for example confer tolerance to drought in inbred lines from several genomic regions within a single population. A bi-parental cross formed from two parents that combine resistance to Striga hermonthica with drought tolerance, which was improved through MARS, was used to assess changes in the frequency of favorable alleles and its impact on inbred line improvement. A total of 200 testcrosses of randomly selected S1 lines derived from the original (C0) and advanced selection cycles of this bi-parental population, were evaluated under drought stress (DS) and well-watered (WW) conditions at Ikenne and under artificial Striga infestation at Abuja and Mokwa in Nigeria in 2014 and 2015...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577548/depression-suicidality-and-alcohol-use-disorder-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-in-nigeria
#8
Catherine O Egbe, Patrick S Dakum, Ernest Ekong, Brandon A Kohrt, John G Minto, Cynthia J Ticao
BACKGROUND: People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) face various day-to-day and long-term personal, interpersonal, social, physical and psychological challenges as a result of, and in addition to the health conditions they are susceptible to due to their HIV status. There is a dearth of large-scale research to provide robust prevalence estimates of mental health problems among PLHIV, especially in Nigeria. This study aimed to ascertain the prevalence and factors associated with major depressive episodes, suicidality, and alcohol use disorder among people living with HIV/AIDS in Nigeria...
June 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540105/spouses-perspective-of-their-participation-and-role-in-childbirth-pain-relief
#9
A U Emelonye, T Pitkäaho, A Aregbesola, K Vehviläinen-Julkunen
BACKGROUND: Childbirth is a period characterized by severe pain, and most women desire to ameliorate their pain among other things by having their spouses present and involved in the birthing process. In developing countries like Nigeria, spousal involvement is still an emerging concept in childbirth. AIM: To investigate and provide an insight into spousal perceptions toward their participation and role in labor pain relief during childbirth in Nigeria. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study of 142 spouses was conducted in the maternity units of four hospitals in Abuja, Nigeria, from June to December 2014...
November 2016: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507410/isolation-and-identification-of-fungi-associated-with-spoilt-fruits-vended-in-gwagwalada-market-abuja-nigeria
#10
Samuel Mailafia, God'spower Richard Okoh, Hamza Olatunde K Olabode, Ramatu Osanupin
AIM: Annual reports have shown that 20% of fruits and vegetables produced are lost to spoilage. This study was undertaken to isolate and identify fungi that are associated with spoilt fruits commonly sold in Gwagwalada market, Abuja, and recommend appropriate control measure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in Gwagwalada metropolis, Gwagwalada Area Council of the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, Nigeria. A total of 100 spoilt fruits which include pawpaw (Carica papaya), orange (Citrus sinensis), tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum), pineapple (Ananas comosus), and watermelon (Citrullus vulgaris) were purchased and examined for the presence of fungal organisms using standard methods...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453241/stigma-access-to-healthcare-and-hiv-risks-among-men-who-sell-sex-to-men-in-nigeria
#11
Trevor A Crowell, Babajide Keshinro, Stefan D Baral, Sheree R Schwartz, Shauna Stahlman, Rebecca G Nowak, Sylvia Adebajo, William A Blattner, Manhattan E Charurat, Julie A Ake
INTRODUCTION: Among men who have sex with men (MSM), men who sell sex (MSS) may be subject to increased sexual behaviour-related stigma that affects uptake of healthcare and risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The objectives of this study were to characterize stigma, access to care, and prevalence of HIV among MSS in Nigeria. METHODS: Respondent-driven sampling was used to recruit MSM in Abuja and Lagos into the ongoing TRUST/RV368 study, which provides HIV testing and treatment...
April 20, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426645/announcement-world-malaria-day-april-25-2017
#12
(no author information available yet)
World Malaria Day is commemorated each year on April 25, the date in 2000 when leaders of 44 African nations met in Abuja, Nigeria, and committed their countries to reducing the number of malaria-related deaths. Approximately 90% of all malaria deaths occur in Africa (1). During the last 15 years, donors have collectively supported the procurement and distribution of billions of insecticide-treated bed nets and courses of artemisinin-based combination therapy globally. These improvements in malaria control are estimated to have saved an estimated 6...
April 21, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416014/contraceptive-service-provider-imposed-restrictions-to-contraceptive-access-in-urban-nigeria
#13
Hilary M Schwandt, Ilene S Speizer, Meghan Corroon
BACKGROUND: Health service providers can restrict access to contraceptives through their own imposed biases about method appropriateness. In this study, provider biases toward contraceptive service provision among urban Nigerian providers was assessed. METHODS: Health providers working in health facilities, as well as pharmacists and patent medical vendors (PMV), in Abuja, Benin City, Ibadan, Ilorin, Kaduna, and Zaria, were surveyed in 2011 concerning their self-reported biases in service provision based on age, parity, and marital status...
April 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403858/contraceptive-service-provider-imposed-restrictions-to-contraceptive-access-in-urban-nigeria
#14
Hilary M Schwandt, Ilene S Speizer, Meghan Corroon
BACKGROUND: Health service providers can restrict access to contraceptives through their own imposed biases about method appropriateness. In this study, provider biases toward contraceptive service provision among urban Nigerian providers was assessed. METHODS: Health providers working in health facilities, as well as pharmacists and patent medical vendors (PMV), in Abuja, Benin City, Ibadan, Ilorin, Kaduna, and Zaria, were surveyed in 2011 concerning their self-reported biases in service provision based on age, parity, and marital status...
April 12, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371929/inventory-of-surveillance-systems-assessing-dietary-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviours-in-europe-a-dedipac-study
#15
Silvia Bel-Serrat, Inge Huybrechts, Barbara F Thumann, Antje Hebestreit, Peter M Abuja, Stefaan de Henauw, Carine Dubuisson, Thorsten Heuer, Celine M Murrin, Giacomo Lazzeri, Caroline van Rossum, Lene F Andersen, Robert Szeklicki, Jesús Vioque, Rachel Berry, Hidde P van der Ploeg, Wolfgang Ahrens, Nadia Slimani
There is a need for harmonized public health surveillance systems to monitor regional variations and temporal trends of health behaviours and health outcomes and to align policies, action plans and recommendations in terms of healthy diet and physical (in)activity within Europe. We provide an inventory of currently existing surveillance systems assessing diet, physical activity, and sedentary behaviours in Europe as a tool to assist in the identification of gaps and needs and to contribute to the roadmap for an integrated pan-European surveillance system...
March 21, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345016/-by-slapping-their-laps-the-patient-will-know-that-you-truly-care-for-her-a-qualitative-study-on-social-norms-and-acceptability-of-the-mistreatment-of-women-during-childbirth-in-abuja-nigeria
#16
Meghan A Bohren, Joshua P Vogel, Özge Tunçalp, Bukola Fawole, Musibau A Titiloye, Akinpelu Olanrewaju Olutayo, Agnes A Oyeniran, Modupe Ogunlade, Loveth Metiboba, Olubunmi R Osunsan, Hadiza A Idris, Francis E Alu, Olufemi T Oladapo, A Metin Gülmezoglu, Michelle J Hindin
BACKGROUND: Many women experience mistreatment during childbirth in health facilities across the world. However, limited evidence exists on how social norms and attitudes of both women and providers influence mistreatment during childbirth. Contextually-specific evidence is needed to understand how normative factors affect how women are treated. This paper explores the acceptability of four scenarios of mistreatment during childbirth. METHODS: Two facilities were identified in Abuja, Nigeria...
December 2016: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337089/evaluation-of-the-environmental-noise-levels-in-abuja-municipality-using-mobile-phones
#17
T Ibekwe, D Folorunso, A Ebuta, J Amodu, M Nwegbu, Z Mairami, I Liman, C Okebaram, C Chimdi, B Durogbola, H Suleiman, H Mamven, N Baamlong, E Dahilo, I Gbujie, P Ibekwe, O Nwaorgu
BACKGROUND: Noise remains a nuisance which impacts negatively on the physical, social and psychological wellbeing of man. It aggravates chronic illnesses like hypertension and other cardiopulmonary diseases. Unfortunately, increased activities from industrialization and technological transfers/drifts have tumultuously led to increased noise pollution in most of our fast growing cities today and hence the need for concerted efforts in monitoring and regulating our environmental noise. OBJECTIVE: To assess the equivalent noise level (Leq) in Abuja municipality and promote a simple method for regular assessment of Leq within our environment...
December 2016: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332456/what-level-of-domestic-government-health-expenditure-should-we-aspire-to-for-universal-health-coverage
#18
Di Mcintyre, Filip Meheus, John-Arne Røttingen
Global discussions on universal health coverage (UHC) have focussed attention on the need for increased government funding for health care in many low- and middle-income countries. The objective of this paper is to explore potential targets for government spending on health to progress towards UHC. An explicit target for government expenditure on health care relative to gross domestic product (GDP) is a potentially powerful tool for holding governments to account in progressing to UHC, particularly in the context of UHC's inclusion in the Sustainable Development Goals...
April 2017: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324808/midwives-perceptions-of-partner-presence-in-childbirth-pain-alleviation-in-nigeria-hospitals
#19
Abigail Uchenna Emelonye, Katri Vehviläinen-Julkunen, Taina Pitkäaho, Alex Aregbesola
OBJECTIVE: partner presence in the labour room can influence childbirth pain outcomes and maternal well-being. We examined midwives' perception of the use of partner presence in the management of childbirth pain in Nigerian hospitals. DESIGN: a descriptive cross-sectional quantitative study. SETTING: maternity units of four hospitals in Abuja, Nigeria, Jun.-Dec., 2014. PARTICIPANTS: 100 midwives selected through convenience sampling...
March 8, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256487/macrosomic-births-in-abuja-a-case-control-study-of-predisposing-factors-and-early-neonatal-outcome
#20
R N Akindele, L I Audu, O A Mokuolu
BACKGROUND: Although research has shown that having a macrosomic fetus could be predictive of a negative pregnancy outcome, the factors that control its incidence and the outcome of delivery management have been less well characterized in Africa. The aim of this study was to identify specific predispositions and the factors that influence the early neonatal outcome of macrosomic infants in Abuja. METHODS: Data from 120 mother and macrosomic (weighing ≥4000 g) newborn pairs, and an equal number of mother and normal weight (2500-3999 g) matched controls, delivered over a 5-month period at three large hospitals in Abuja, Nigeria, were analyzed...
March 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
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