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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018584/affordability-of-comprehensive-community-health-worker-programmes-in-rural-sub-saharan-africa
#1
Celia Taylor, Frances Griffiths, Richard Lilford
INTRODUCTION: Community health worker (CHW) programmes have low costs per person served and are central to achieving universal healthcare. However, their total cost is high and the target of one million CHWs for sub-Saharan Africa by 2015 was not met. We consider the affordability of rural CHW programmes by estimating total programme costs relative to national healthcare expenditure at different CHW salaries and resources available for healthcare. METHODS: We combine an existing source of rural CHW programme costs with World Bank data to estimate relative CHW programme costs in 37 countries...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017544/sero-prevalence-and-intrinsic-factors-associated-with-brucella-infection-in-food-animals-slaughtered-at-abattoirs-in-abuja-nigeria
#2
Mabel Kamweli Aworh, Emmanuel Chukuwdi Okolocha, Emmanuel Jolaoluwa Awosanya, Folorunso Oludayo Fasina
BACKGROUND: Brucellosis, a neglected tropical food-borne zoonotic disease, has a negative impact on both animal and human health as well as tremendous socio-economic impact in developing countries where rural income relies largely on livestock breeding and dairy products. It is endemic in the animal population in Nigeria and is a recognized occupational hazard. This work was done to establish the sero-prevalence and predisposing factors of food animals in Abuja, Nigeria to Brucella infection...
October 10, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945503/between-traditions-and-health-beliefs-and-perceptions-of-health-effects-of-smokeless-tobacco-among-selected-users-in-nigeria
#3
Michael Adewole Adedigba, Joshua -Aransiola, Regina I Arobieke, Olufemi Adewole, Temitope Oyelami
OBJECTIVES: Snuffing or licking of smokeless tobacco (SLT) is one of the oldest traditional practices among the African population. This study aims to investigate the beliefs and practices related to SLT use among users in Nigeria. We also assess the awareness of the health consequences of SLT among users. METHODS: A qualitative technique involving an in-depth interview was employed to collect data from SLT users from selected indigenous Nigerian populations in their traditional settings (Saki, Ile-Ife, Ibadan, and Abuja)...
September 25, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932735/attitude-to-human-papillomavirus-deoxyribonucleic-acid-based-cervical-cancer-screening-in-antenatal-care-in-nigeria-a-qualitative-study
#4
Temitope E Filade, Eileen O Dareng, Toyosi Olawande, Tolani A Fagbohun, Amos O Adebayo, Clement A Adebamowo
OBJECTIVES: Human papillomavirus (HPV) deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)-based testing is increasingly used for cervical cancer screening in developed countries, but the best approach to utilizing it in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) is unclear. Incorporation of HPV DNA-based testing into routine antenatal care (ANC) is a potential yet poorly explored strategy for cervical cancer screening in LMIC. We explored the attitude of health care workers and pregnant women to the incorporation of HPV DNA-based tests into routine ANC in Nigeria...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926403/pathways-from-sexual-stigma-to-incident-hiv-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-nigerian-msm
#5
Cristina Rodriguez-Hart, Rebecca G Nowak, Rashelle Musci, Danielle German, Ifeanyi Orazulike, Blessing Kayode, Hongjie Liu, Oye Gureje, Trevor A Crowell, Stefan Baral, Man Charurat
OBJECTIVES: Sexual stigma affecting MSM in Nigeria may be an important driver of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), but potential mechanisms through which this occurs are not well understood. This study assessed the contributions of suicidal ideation and sexual risk behaviors to causal pathways between stigma and HIV/STIs. DESIGN: Data were collected from the TRUST/RV368 Study, a prospective cohort of 1480 MSM from Abuja and Lagos, Nigeria. METHODS: Participants enrolled from March 2013 to February 2016 were classified into three stigma subgroups based on a latent class analysis of nine stigma indicators...
November 13, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860791/soluble-st2-correlates-with-some-indicators-of-right-ventricular-function-in-hypertensive-heart-failure
#6
Dike B Ojji, Sandrine Lecour, Olusoji M Adeyemi, Karen Sliwa
PURPOSE: ST2 receptor, which is a member of the Toll-like/interleukin-1 (IL-1) receptor family, has been found to be increased in the serum of patients 1 day after myocardial infarction. Several other studies have shown that soluble ST2 levels correlate with severity of heart failure (HF), left ventricular ejection fraction, creatinine clearance, B-type natriuretic peptide and C-reactive protein, and are predictors of mortality in HF. Most of these studies were not only limited to ischemic heart disease but also concentrated on left-sided HF...
2017: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854102/seroprevalence-of-hepatitis-b-and-delta-viruses-among-hiv-infected-population-attending-antiretroviral-clinic-in-selected-health-facilities-in-abuja-nigeria
#7
I M Ifeorah, A S Bakarey, J A Adeniji, F N Onyemelukwe
INTRODUCTION: Tri- infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis D virus (HDV) is rare. There is limited data on the seroprevalence of HIV/HBV/HDV tri-infection especially in Nigeria. The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalences of HBsAg and HDV among HIV infected individuals attending Anti-retroviral (ARV) clinics in Abuja, Nigeria. METHODS: In this cohort study, blood samples were collected from 1102 (Male = 450; Female = 652) age ranged <20 to ≥51 years (Mean age = 34...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Immunoassay & Immunochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812823/an-assessment-of-national-maternal-and-child-health-policy-makers-knowledge-and-capacity-for-evidence-informed-policy-making-in-nigeria
#8
Chigozie Jesse Uneke, Issiaka Sombie, Namoudou Keita, Virgil Lokossou, Ermel Johnson, Pierre Ongolo-Zogo
BACKGROUND: There is increasing interest globally in the use of more rigorous processes to ensure that maternal, newborn, and child health (MNCH) care recommendations are informed by the best available research evidence use. The purpose of this study was to engage Nigerian MNCH policy-makers and other stakeholders to consider issues around research to policy and practice interface and to assess their existing knowledge and capacity on the use of research evidence for policy-making and practice...
October 8, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782905/dog-ecology-and-its-implications-for-rabies-control-in-gwagwalada-federal-capital-territory-abuja-nigeria
#9
P P Mshelbwala, D K Akinwolemiwa, B V Maikai, R G Otolorin, N A Maurice, J S Weese
The objectives of this study were to determine the characteristics of a dog population, including their accessibility to vaccination and health care, in urban and semiurban areas of Gwagwalada, Abuja, Nigeria. Direct street counts and a house-to-house survey of city streets were performed. A total of 451 households were surveyed comprising 43.7% urban and 53.3% semiurban areas. A total of 848 owned dogs were identified, along with 3,115 corresponding humans. With a dog-to-human ratio of 1:3.7, the dog population in the study area was estimated as 103,758...
August 7, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722554/improving-maternal-and-child-health-policymaking-processes-in-nigeria-an-assessment-of-policymakers-needs-barriers-and-facilitators-of-evidence-informed-policymaking
#10
Chigozie J Uneke, Issiaka Sombie, Namoudou Keita, Virgil Lokossou, Ermel Johnson, Pierre Ongolo-Zogo
BACKGROUND: In Nigeria, interest in the evidence-to-policy process is gaining momentum among policymakers involved in maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH). However, numerous gaps exist among policymakers on use of research evidence in policymaking. The objective of this study was to assess the perception of MNCH policymakers regarding their needs and the barriers and facilitators to use of research evidence in policymaking in Nigeria. METHODS: The study design was a cross-sectional assessment of perceptions undertaken during a national MNCH stakeholders' engagement event convened in Abuja, Nigeria...
July 12, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721101/survey-of-malaria-and-anti-dengue-virus-igg-among-febrile-hiv-infected-patients-attending-a-tertiary-hospital-in-abuja-nigeria
#11
Jelili Olaide Mustapha, Anthony Uchenna Emeribe, Idris Abdullahi Nasir
BACKGROUND: Dengue and malaria are infections, of great public health concern, especially in sub-Saharan Africa where the burden of HIV infection is high. This study was conducted to determine the seroprevalence of dengue virus IgG antibodies and dengue/malaria coinfection among febrile HIV-infected patients attending the University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, Gwagwalada, Abuja. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, blood samples from 178 consenting HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy were collected and tested for plasmodiasis and anti-Dengue virus IgG using malaria microscopy and ELISA, respectively...
2017: HIV/AIDS: Research and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671147/sonographic-assessment-of-urolithiasis-in-university-of-abuja-teaching-hospital-nigeria
#12
Kasonde Bowa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652217/tuberculosis-and-diabetes-in-nigerian-patients-with-and-without-hiv
#13
Lovett Lawson, Magdalena Muc, Olanrewaju Oladimeji, Chijioke Iweha, Blessing Opoola, Saddiq T Abdurhaman, John S Bimba, Luis E Cuevas
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and HIV increase the risk of tuberculosis (TB). The frequency of DM among patients with TB with and without HIV is poorly documented in many low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional hospital-based study performed in Abuja, Nigeria. Adults with presumptive TB were screened consecutively. Sputum culture was used for TB screening and blood was used for HIV screening, as well as fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) assessment for the diagnosis of DM...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634496/household-response-to-inadequate-sewerage-and-garbage-collection-services-in-abuja-nigeria
#14
Ismaila Rimi Abubakar
Provision of sanitation and garbage collection services is an important and yet challenging issue in the rapidly growing cities of developing countries, with significant human health and environmental sustainability implications. Although a growing number of studies have investigated the consequences of inadequate delivery of basic urban services in developing countries, few studies have examined how households cope with the problems. Using the Exit, Voice, Loyalty, and Neglect (EVLN) model, this article explores how households respond to inadequate sewerage and garbage collection services in Abuja, Nigeria...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593509/health-expenditure-and-economic-growth-a-review-of-the-literature-and-an-analysis-between-the-economic-community-for-central-african-states-cemac-and-selected-african-countries
#15
Serge Mandiefe Piabuo, Julius Chupezi Tieguhong
African leaders accepted in the year 2001 through the Abuja Declaration to allocate 15% of their government expenditure on health but by 2013 only five (5) African countries achieved this target. In this paper, a comparative analysis on the impact of health expenditure between countries in the CEMAC sub-region and five other African countries that achieved the Abuja declaration is provided. Data for this study was extracted from the World Development Indicators (2016) database, panel ordinary least square (OLS), fully modified ordinary least square (FMOLS) and dynamic ordinary least square (DOLS) were used as econometric technic of analysis...
December 2017: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588598/genetic-gains-in-grain-yield-of-a-maize-population-improved-through-marker-assisted-recurrent-selection-under-stress-and-non-stress-conditions-in-west-africa
#16
Rekiya O Abdulmalik, Abebe Menkir, Silvestro K Meseka, Nnanna Unachukwu, Shehu G Ado, Joseph D Olarewaju, Daniel A Aba, Sarah Hearne, Jose Crossa, Melaku Gedil
Marker-assisted recurrent selection (MARS) is a breeding method used to accumulate favorable alleles that for example confer tolerance to drought in inbred lines from several genomic regions within a single population. A bi-parental cross formed from two parents that combine resistance to Striga hermonthica with drought tolerance, which was improved through MARS, was used to assess changes in the frequency of favorable alleles and its impact on inbred line improvement. A total of 200 testcrosses of randomly selected S1 lines derived from the original (C0) and advanced selection cycles of this bi-parental population, were evaluated under drought stress (DS) and well-watered (WW) conditions at Ikenne and under artificial Striga infestation at Abuja and Mokwa in Nigeria in 2014 and 2015...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577548/depression-suicidality-and-alcohol-use-disorder-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-in-nigeria
#17
Catherine O Egbe, Patrick S Dakum, Ernest Ekong, Brandon A Kohrt, John G Minto, Cynthia J Ticao
BACKGROUND: People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) face various day-to-day and long-term personal, interpersonal, social, physical and psychological challenges as a result of, and in addition to the health conditions they are susceptible to due to their HIV status. There is a dearth of large-scale research to provide robust prevalence estimates of mental health problems among PLHIV, especially in Nigeria. This study aimed to ascertain the prevalence and factors associated with major depressive episodes, suicidality, and alcohol use disorder among people living with HIV/AIDS in Nigeria...
June 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540105/spouses-perspective-of-their-participation-and-role-in-childbirth-pain-relief
#18
A U Emelonye, T Pitkäaho, A Aregbesola, K Vehviläinen-Julkunen
BACKGROUND: Childbirth is a period characterized by severe pain, and most women desire to ameliorate their pain among other things by having their spouses present and involved in the birthing process. In developing countries like Nigeria, spousal involvement is still an emerging concept in childbirth. AIM: To investigate and provide an insight into spousal perceptions toward their participation and role in labor pain relief during childbirth in Nigeria. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study of 142 spouses was conducted in the maternity units of four hospitals in Abuja, Nigeria, from June to December 2014...
November 2016: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507410/isolation-and-identification-of-fungi-associated-with-spoilt-fruits-vended-in-gwagwalada-market-abuja-nigeria
#19
Samuel Mailafia, God'spower Richard Okoh, Hamza Olatunde K Olabode, Ramatu Osanupin
AIM: Annual reports have shown that 20% of fruits and vegetables produced are lost to spoilage. This study was undertaken to isolate and identify fungi that are associated with spoilt fruits commonly sold in Gwagwalada market, Abuja, and recommend appropriate control measure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in Gwagwalada metropolis, Gwagwalada Area Council of the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, Nigeria. A total of 100 spoilt fruits which include pawpaw (Carica papaya), orange (Citrus sinensis), tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum), pineapple (Ananas comosus), and watermelon (Citrullus vulgaris) were purchased and examined for the presence of fungal organisms using standard methods...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453241/stigma-access-to-healthcare-and-hiv-risks-among-men-who-sell-sex-to-men-in-nigeria
#20
Trevor A Crowell, Babajide Keshinro, Stefan D Baral, Sheree R Schwartz, Shauna Stahlman, Rebecca G Nowak, Sylvia Adebajo, William A Blattner, Manhattan E Charurat, Julie A Ake
INTRODUCTION: Among men who have sex with men (MSM), men who sell sex (MSS) may be subject to increased sexual behaviour-related stigma that affects uptake of healthcare and risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The objectives of this study were to characterize stigma, access to care, and prevalence of HIV among MSS in Nigeria. METHODS: Respondent-driven sampling was used to recruit MSM in Abuja and Lagos into the ongoing TRUST/RV368 study, which provides HIV testing and treatment...
April 20, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
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