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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761272/primary-paraesophageal-hernia-repair-with-gore%C3%A2-bio-a%C3%A2-tissue-reinforcement-long-term-outcomes-and-association-of-bmi-and-recurrence
#1
Michael T Olson, Saurabh Singhal, Roshan Panchanathan, Sreeja Biswas Roy, Paul Kang, Taylor Ipsen, Sumeet K Mittal, Jasmine L Huang, Michael A Smith, Ross M Bremner
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic repair remains the gold-standard treatment for paraesophageal hernia (PEH). We analyzed long-term symptomatic outcomes and surgical reintervention rates after primary PEH repair with onlay synthetic bioabsorbable mesh (W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc., Flagstaff, AZ) and examined body mass index (BMI) as a possible risk factor for poor outcomes and for recurrence. METHODS: We queried a prospectively maintained database to identify patients who underwent laparoscopic primary PEH repair with onlay patch of a bioprosthetic absorbable mesh (Bio-A® Gore®) between 05/28/2009 and 12/31/2013...
May 14, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723472/a-process-tracing-study-on-the-post-assembly-modification-of-highly-stable-zirconium-metal-organic-cages
#2
Guoliang Liu, Yi Di Yuan, Jian Wang, Youdong Cheng, Shing Bo Peh, Yuxiang Wang, Yuhong Qian, Jinqiao Dong, Daqiang Yuan, Dan Zhao
Metal-organic cages (MOCs) are discrete molecular assemblies formed by coordination bonds between metal nodes and organic ligands. The application of MOCs has been greatly limited due to their poor stability, especially in aqueous solutions. In this work, we thoroughly investigate the stability of several Zr-MOCs and reveal their excellent stability in aqueous solutions with acidic, neutral, and weak basic conditions. In addition, we present for the first time a pro-cess-tracing study on the post-assembly modification of one MOC, ZrT-1-NH2, highlighting the excellent stability and versatility of Zr-MOCs as a new type of molecular platform for various applications...
May 3, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706255/magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-cysts-cystlike-lesions-and-their-mimickers-around-the-knee-joint
#3
REVIEW
Sumer N Shikhare, Poh Lye Paul See, Hong Chou, Abeer Mohamed Al-Riyami, Wilfred C G Peh
While interpreting routine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the knee joint, a radiologist may encounter various cystic lesions such as ganglion, synovial, and meniscal cysts, among others. In some cases, MRI may demonstrate cystlike lesions around the knee due to fluid distention of normal bursa and recesses, the diagnosis of which should not be difficult if a radiologist is familiar with their characteristic location and MRI appearance. In addition, there are cyst mimickers such as hematomas, abscesses, vascular lesions, and neoplasms around knee joint that may pose a diagnostic challenge on routine MRI...
May 2018: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, Journal L'Association Canadienne des Radiologistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704384/epstein-barr-virus-infection-in-b-cell-non-hodgkin-s-lymphomas-of-the-oral-and-maxillofacial-region-is-there-any-evidence
#4
L M Abdelrahim, S C Peh, T G Kallarakkal
INTRODUCTION: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) might be an aetiological agent involved in the pathogenesis of certain Non-Hodgkin's Lymphomas (NHLs). EBV infection has been diagnosed by serologic testing within the tumour biopsies of patients with NHL. However, the association between EBV and NHL is inconsistent with a preference for certain anatomic sites, histologic subtypes and immunosuppressed patients. The objective of this study was to characterise the B-cell NHLs of the oral cavity and maxillofacial region using histological and immunophenotypical techniques and to determine its association with EBV infection...
April 2018: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678980/health-related-quality-of-life-in-asian-patients-with-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review
#5
Peh Joo Ho, Sofie A M Gernaat, Mikael Hartman, Helena M Verkooijen
OBJECTIVE: To summarise the evidence on determinants of health-related quality of life (HRQL) in Asian patients with breast cancer. DESIGN: Systematic review conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) recommendations and registered with PROSPERO (CRD42015032468). METHODS: According to the PRISMA guidelines, databases of MEDLINE (PubMed), Embase and PsycINFO were systematically searched using the following terms and synonyms: breast cancer, quality of life and Asia...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675548/exercise-headache-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Claire H Sandoe, William Kingston
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Exercise headache refers to headache that is triggered by exercise or exertion. Although secondary causes must be excluded, most cases of exercise headache are benign, idiopathic, and self-limited. This article reviews the revised diagnostic criteria for primary exercise headache (PEH) and discusses recent research into the clinical presentation, epidemiology, pathophysiology, suggested workup, and treatment of this condition. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies estimate that PEH affects from 1 to 26% of the adult population...
April 19, 2018: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618971/novel-neurostimulation-of-autonomic-pelvic-nerves-overcomes-bladder-sphincter-dyssynergia
#7
Wendy Yen Xian Peh, Roshini Mogan, Xin Yuan Thow, Soo Min Chua, Astrid Rusly, Nitish V Thakor, Shih-Cheng Yen
The disruption of coordination between smooth muscle contraction in the bladder and the relaxation of the external urethral sphincter (EUS) striated muscle is a common issue in dysfunctional bladders. It is a significant challenge to overcome for neuromodulation approaches to restore bladder control. Bladder-sphincter dyssynergia leads to undesirably high bladder pressures, and poor voiding outcomes, which can pose life-threatening secondary complications. Mixed pelvic nerves are potential peripheral targets for stimulation to treat dysfunctional bladders, but typical electrical stimulation of pelvic nerves activates both the parasympathetic efferent pathway to excite the bladder, as well as the sensory afferent pathway that causes unwanted sphincter contractions...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613966/acute-paraesophageal-hernia-laparoscopic-repair-with-adjunct-t-fastener-gastropexy-for-the-high-operative-risk-patient
#8
Gabriel Arevalo, Jordan Wilkerson, Jonathan Saxe
BACKGROUND: In the emergent setting, most paraesophageal hernia (PEH) repairs are done by laparotomy with adjunct gastropexy or gastrostomy tube (GT) placement. This adjunct to the repair can be performed expeditiously by a laparoscopic approach by utilizing T-fasteners. We present our case series of patients with PEHs and acute gastric volvulus that were managed with laparoscopy and how patient characteristics can influence the repair technique. METHODS: Patients with high operative risk who underwent laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair with adjunct T-fastener gastropexy in the emergent setting between July 2014 and July 2016 were included in this study...
April 2018: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605727/abnormal-high-resolution-manometry-findings-and-outcomes-after-paraesophageal-hernia-repair
#9
Andrea Wirsching, Qing Zhang, Susan E McCormick, Michal Hubka, Donald E Low
BACKGROUND: Abnormal esophageal peristalsis diagnosed by high resolution manometry (HRM) is found frequently as part of the preoperative evaluation of paraesophageal hernia (PEH) patients. The clinical relevance of these findings is currently largely unknown. STUDY DESIGN: From 2013 to 2016, 212 patients undergoing PEH repair were prospectively recorded in an IRB approved database. Preoperative HRM was available for reanalysis according to the latest Chicago Classification (v...
March 29, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590157/hyperopic-refractive-correction-by-lasik-smile-or-lenticule-reimplantation-in-a-non-human-primate-model
#10
Geraint P Williams, Benjamin Wu, Yu Chi Liu, Ericia Teo, Chan L Nyein, Gary Peh, Donald T Tan, Jodhbir S Mehta
Hyperopia is a common refractive error, apparent in 25% of Europeans. Treatments include spectacles, contact lenses, laser interventions and surgery including implantable contact lenses and lens extraction. Laser treatment offers an expedient and reliable means of correcting ametropia. LASIK is well-established however SMILE (small-incision lenticule extraction) or lenticule implantation (derived from myopic laser-correction) are newer options. In this study we compared the outcomes of hyperopic LASIK, SMILE and lenticule re-implantation in a primate model at +2D/+4D treatment...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568848/clinics-in-diagnostic-imaging-184-fat-embolism-syndrome-fes
#11
Dinesh R Singh, Ashish Chawla, Wilfred Cg Peh
A 23-year-old Indian man presented with shortness of breath and new-onset confusion along with a rash on his chest on Postoperative Day 2, following internal fixation of his femur fracture. Although computed tomography pulmonary angiography was negative for filling defects in the pulmonary vasculature, it showed mosaic attenuation changes with some interlobular septal thickening. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed patchy signal abnormalities, predominantly in the grey-white matter junction region with extensive susceptibility artefacts, consistent with petechial haemorrhages...
March 2018: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562026/permanent-education-in-the-vaccination-room-what-is-the-reality
#12
Jéssica Rauane Teixeira Martins, Bruna Gabrielly Pereira Alexandre, Valéria Conceição de Oliveira, Selma Maria da Fonseca Viegas
OBJECTIVE: To understand, from the perspective of the professional, the Permanent Education (PE) in the vaccination room in its real context. METHOD: Multiple holistic-qualitative case studies, based on Maffesoli's Interpretive Sociology with 56 participants from four microregions of the Western Extended Region of Minas Gerais State. RESULTS: They present PE as infrequent and insufficient. They denote that the practical-theoretical experience with vaccine contributes to the work; the search for knowledge, starting from the professional itself; and the professional training fails to perform in the vaccination room...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511953/associations-between-workability-and-patient-reported-physical-psychological-and-social-outcomes-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Peh Joo Ho, Mikael Hartman, Sofie A M Gernaat, Alex R Cook, Soo Chin Lee, Leon Hupkens, Helena M Verkooijen
PURPOSE: Workability is of increasing importance especially in Asia given the increasing incidence rates and young age of onset of breast cancer. This study explores the determinants of employment and suboptimal workability. And evaluate the association between workability and patient-reported physical, psychological, and social outcomes. METHODS: In a hospital-based cross-sectional study, 327 breast cancer survivors, < 65 years of age and > 1 year post-diagnosis were recruited...
March 6, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489824/why-snakebite-patients-in-myanmar-seek-traditional-healers-despite-availability-of-biomedical-care-at-hospitals-community-perspectives-on-reasons
#14
Eliza Schioldann, Mohammad Afzal Mahmood, Mya Myitzu Kyaw, Dale Halliday, Khin Thida Thwin, Nyein Nyein Chit, Robert Cumming, David Bacon, Sam Alfred, Julian White, David Warrell, Chen Au Peh
BACKGROUND: Snakebite is a major public health problem in many developing countries. Farmers are particularly exposed to snakes, and due to their rural location often experience delays in accessing formal healthcare. The reasons to use traditional healers may include difficulties in accessing formal healthcare, certain beliefs about snakes and snake venom, tradition, and trust in the capacity of traditional healers. Traditional healing, however, may have serious consequences in terms of delays or added complications...
February 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476585/distinguishing-papillary-endothelial-hyperplasia-and-angiosarcoma-on-core-needle-biopsy-of-the-breast-the-importance-of-clinical-and-radiologic-correlation
#15
Marie-Christine Guilbert, Elisabeth P Frost, Jane E Brock, Susan C Lester
Papillary endothelial hyperplasia (PEH) is a rare non-neoplastic exuberant organizing hematoma that can closely mimic angiosarcoma due to a resemblance to malignant anastomosing blood vessels. It could be particularly difficult to distinguish PEH from angiosarcoma in breast core needle biopsies. We identified all cases of these lesions diagnosed on core needle biopsy in order to identify clinical, radiologic, and pathologic features that could prove helpful to arrive at the correct diagnosis. Four cases of PEH and 4 cases of angiosarcoma were identified...
February 24, 2018: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468018/does-governance-play-a-role-in-the-distribution-of-invasive-alien-species
#16
Thomas Evans, Philine Zu Ermgassen, Tatsuya Amano, Kelvin S-H Peh
Invasive alien species (IAS) constitute a major threat to global biological diversity. In order to control their spread, a detailed understanding of the factors influencing their distribution is essential. Although international trade is regarded as a major force structuring spatial patterns of IAS, the role of other social factors remains unclear. Despite studies highlighting the importance of strong governance in slowing drivers of biodiversity loss such as logging, deforestation, and agricultural intensification, no study has yet analyzed its contribution to the issue of IAS...
February 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466412/determinants-of-satisfaction-with-cosmetic-outcome-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Peh Joo Ho, Mikael Hartman, Danny A Young-Afat, Sofie A M Gernaat, Soo Chin Lee, Helena M Verkooijen
Little research has been done into cosmetic outcomes in non-Western breast cancer populations. We aimed to study the prevalence and determinants of dissatisfaction with cosmetic outcome after breast cancer surgery of Asian breast cancer survivors, and its association with patient-reported anxiety, depression, and quality of life. In a hospital-based cross-sectional study, 384 breast cancer survivors of at least 12 months after diagnosis completed questionnaires on satisfaction with cosmetic appearance, quality of life (EORTC-QLQ-C30) and anxiety and depression (HADS)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435748/surgery-for-benign-esophageal-disorders-in-the-us-risk-factors-for-complications-and-trends-of-morbidity
#18
Francisco Schlottmann, Paula D Strassle, Marco G Patti
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), paraesophageal hernia (PEH), and achalasia are the most frequent benign esophageal disorders that may need surgical treatment. We aimed to identify risk factors for postoperative complications and to characterize trends of morbidity for surgery for benign esophageal disorders in a national cohort. METHODS: A retrospective population-based analysis was performed using the National Inpatient Sample for the period 2000-2013...
February 12, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391913/the-utility-of-fdg-pet-ct-in-igg4-related-disease-with-a-focus-on-coronary-artery-involvement
#19
Hian L Huang, Warren Fong, Wee M Peh, Kasat A Niraj, Winnie W Lam
Purpose: Our case series aims to study the growing use of FDG PET/CT in diagnostic evaluation and follow up of IgG4-RD with emphasis on patients presenting with coronary artery involvement. Methods: We conducted a search on the nuclear medicine and rheumatology service databases and identified patients with histologically proven IgG4-RD with FDG PET/CT performed at the Singapore General Hospital. The radiological, clinical, and laboratory findings of these patients were analyzed retrospectively...
February 2018: Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360003/evolving-therapies-for-fuchs-endothelial-dystrophy
#20
Yu Qiang Soh, Gary Sl Peh, Jodhbir S Mehta
Fuchs' endothelial dystrophy (FED) is characterized by corneal endothelial dysfunction and guttate excrescences on the posterior corneal surface, and is the leading indication for corneal transplantation in developed countries. In severe cases, keratoplasty is considered as the gold standard of treatment. However, there have been significant developments in our understanding of FED over the past decade. Attempts have been made to treat this disease with regenerative therapy techniques such as primary descemetorhexis without an endothelial graft or with a tissue-engineering approach...
January 2018: Regenerative Medicine
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