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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744853/poor-appetite-and-dietary-intake-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#1
Barbara S van der Meij, Hanneke A H Wijnhoven, Jung S Lee, Denise K Houston, Trisha Hue, Tamara B Harris, Stephen B Kritchevsky, Anne B Newman, Marjolein Visser
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Poor appetite in older adults leads to sub-optimal food intake and increases the risk of undernutrition. The impact of poor appetite on food intake in older adults is unknown. The aim of this study was to examine the differences in food intake among older community-dwelling adults with different reported appetite levels. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of data from a longitudinal prospective study. SETTING: Health, aging, and body composition study performed in the USA...
July 26, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728572/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-on-malaria-transmission-in-mamfene-kwazulu-natal-province-south-africa-2015
#2
Pinky N Manana, Lazarus Kuonza, Alfred Musekiwa, Hluphi D Mpangane, Lizette L Koekemoer
BACKGROUND: In South Africa malaria is endemic in Mpumalanga, Limpopo and the north-eastern areas of KwaZulu-Natal provinces. South Africa has set targets to eliminate malaria by 2018 and research into complementary vector control tools such as the Sterile Insect Technique (SIT) is ongoing. It is important to understand community perceptions regarding malaria transmission and control interventions to enable development of community awareness campaign messages appropriate to the needs of the community...
July 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724450/variation-in-species-composition-and-infection-rates-of-anopheles-mosquitoes-at-different-altitudinal-transects-and-the-risk-of-malaria-in-the-highland-of-dirashe-woreda-south-ethiopia
#3
Taye Yohannes Daygena, Fekadu Massebo, Bernt Lindtjørn
BACKGROUND: The transmission of malaria is heterogeneous, and varies due to altitude. The information on whether the transmission of malaria is indigenous or imported to highland areas is scarce. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the species composition and infection rates of Anopheles at different altitudinal transects, and the risk of malaria if any in the highland of Dirashe Woreda, South Ethiopia. METHODS: This study was conducted in Gato (low altitude; average elevation of 1273 m), Onota (mid-altitude; average elevation of 1707 m) and Layignaw-Arguba (high altitude; average elevation of 2337 m) from August 2015 to April 2016...
July 19, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705290/crossed-total-hemiatrophy-associated-with-atrophoderma-of-pasini-pierini
#4
Ru-Zhi Zhang, Wen-Yuan Zhu
A 45-year-old Chinese man had begun to show asymmetry of the face 30 years previously. Subsequently, he developed visual extinction of the right eye, slight numbness, and weakness of the left extremities. Simultaneously, multiple atrophic brownish patches occurred on his side. He denied prior trauma or tick bites at those sites. There was no report of preceding redness, induration, or a history of trauma. The atrophic lesions extended and enlarged slowly. Ten years previously, some brownish patches with normal texture had appeared on the right side of the trunk...
2017: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697901/knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-zika-virus-among-medical-students-in-king-abdulaziz-university-jeddah-saudi-arabia
#5
Nahla K Ibrahim, Rana H Moshref, Leena H Moshref, Jawaher B Walid, Hadeel S AlSatti
Zika Virus (ZIKV) and its associated consequences remain vital public health challenge of international concerns. The current study was done to assess knowledge and attitudes towards ZIKV and the factors associated with good knowledge among medical students in King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 426 students. They were selected through multistage stratified random sample method, 2016. A validated, confidential, interviewing questionnaire contained 25 knowledge and 10 attitude items was used...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692657/improper-wound-treatment-and-delay-of-rabies-post-exposure-prophylaxis-of-animal-bite-victims-in-china-prevalence-and-determinants
#6
Qiaoyan Liu, Xiaojun Wang, Bing Liu, Yanhong Gong, Naomie Mkandawire, Wenzhen Li, Wenning Fu, Liqing Li, Yong Gan, Jun Shi, Bin Shi, Junan Liu, Shiyi Cao, Zuxun Lu
BACKGROUND: Rabies is invariably a fatal disease. Appropriate wound treatment and prompt rabies post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) are of great importance to rabies prevention. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence and influencing factors of improper wound treatment and delay of rabies PEP after an animal bite in Wuhan, China. METHODOLOGY: This cross-sectional study was conducted among animal bite victims visiting rabies prevention clinics (RPCs)...
July 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676111/a-study-on-the-epidemiological-characteristics-and-infectious-forecast-model-of-malaria-at-guangzhou-airport-among-chinese-returnees-from-africa
#7
Hui-Ming Wu, Zhi-Qiang Fang, Dang Zhao, Yan-Ling Chen, Chuan-Ge Liu, Xi Liang
BACKGROUND: Cross-border malaria transmission in China is a major component of Chinese imported malaria cases. Such cases mostly are travellers returning from malaria endemic countries in Africa. By investigating malaria infectious status among Chinese worker in Africa, this study analysed the malaria risk factors, in order to establish infectious forecast model. METHODS: Chinese returnees data from Africa were collected at Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport, Guangzhou, China between August 2015 and March 2016 and were included in the cross-sectional and retrospective survey...
July 4, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671954/breastfeeding-practices-beliefs-and-social-norms-in-low-resource-communities-in-mexico-insights-for-how-to-improve-future-promotion-strategies
#8
Tessa M Swigart, Anabelle Bonvecchio, Florence L Théodore, Sophia Zamudio-Haas, Maria Angeles Villanueva-Borbolla, James F Thrasher
INTRODUCTION: Breastfeeding is recommended exclusively for the first 6 months after birth, with continued breastfeeding for at least 2 years. Yet prevalence of these recommendations is low globally, although it is an effective and cost-effective way to prevent serious infections and chronic illness. Previous studies have reported that social support greatly influences breastfeeding, but there is little evidence on perceived social norms in Mexico and how they affect actual behavior. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to investigate breastfeeding intention, practices, attitudes, and beliefs, particularly normative, among low-resource communities in central and southern Mexico...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671491/seroprevalences-of-feline-leukemia-virus-and-feline-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-in-cats-in-the-united-states-and-canada-and-risk-factors-for-seropositivity
#9
Amie N Burling, Julie K Levy, H Morgan Scott, Michael M Crandall, Sylvia J Tucker, Erin G Wood, Jessie D Foster
OBJECTIVE To estimate seroprevalences for FeLV antigen and anti-FIV antibody and risk factors for seropositivity among cats in the United States and Canada. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. ANIMALS 62,301 cats tested at 1,396 veterinary clinics (n = 45,406) and 127 animal shelters (16,895). PROCEDURES Blood samples were tested with a point-of-care ELISA for FeLV antigen and anti-FIV antibody. Seroprevalence was estimated, and risk factors for seropositivity were evaluated with bivariate and multivariable mixed-model logistic regression analyses adjusted for within-clinic or within-shelter dependencies...
July 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666583/pathophysiological-mechanisms-of-flavivirus-infection-of-the-central-nervous-system
#10
N Pardigon
Flaviviruses are important human pathogens. Transmitted by the bite of infected mosquitoes, Flaviviruses such as West Nile and Japanese encephalitis may reach the central nervous system where they can elicit severe diseases. Their ability to cross the blood-brain-barrier is still poorly understood. The newly emerging Zika Flavivirus on the other hand very rarely reaches the brain of adults, but can infect neural progenitors in the developing central nervous system of fetuses, eliciting devastating congenital malformations including microcephaly...
June 27, 2017: Transfusion Clinique et Biologique: Journal de la Société Française de Transfusion Sanguine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653417/oral-problems-and-quality-of-life-of-preschool-children-self-reports-of-children-and-perception-of-parents-caregivers
#11
Matheus F Perazzo, Monalisa C Gomes, Érick T Neves, Carolina C Martins, Saul M Paiva, Edja M M de B Costa, Ana F Granville-Garcia
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between oral health problems and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of preschool children according to both self-reports and the reports of parents/caregivers. A school-based, cross-sectional study was conducted with 769 preschool children and their parents/caregivers. The OHRQoL was evaluated using the Scale of Oral Health Outcomes for Five-Year-Old Children (SOHO-5). Based on logistic regression for complex samples, the following variables were found to be associated with poorer OHRQoL in the parent/caregiver version: toothache (OR = 6...
June 27, 2017: European Journal of Oral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651766/prevalence-of-malocclusion-in-canadian-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Catherine Fontaine-Sylvestre, Annie Roy, Jean Rizkallah, Basma Dabbagh, Beatriz Ferraz Dos Santos
INTRODUCTION: The purposes of this study were to determine the prevalence of malocclusion among children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and to describe the most common malocclusion traits in this population. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included patients diagnosed with ASD aged between 5 and 18 years. Randomly selected healthy children with the same demographic characteristics comprised the control group. Dental charts were reviewed to obtain the children's sociodemographic characteristics and type of occlusion...
July 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634161/oncolytic-adenovirus-expressing-bispecific-antibody-targets-t-cell-cytotoxicity-in-cancer-biopsies
#13
Joshua D Freedman, Joachim Hagel, Eleanor M Scott, Ioannis Psallidas, Avinash Gupta, Laura Spiers, Paul Miller, Nikolaos Kanellakis, Rebecca Ashfield, Kerry D Fisher, Margaret R Duffy, Leonard W Seymour
Oncolytic viruses exploit the cancer cell phenotype to complete their lytic life cycle, releasing progeny virus to infect nearby cells and repeat the process. We modified the oncolytic group B adenovirus EnAdenotucirev (EnAd) to express a bispecific single-chain antibody, secreted from infected tumour cells into the microenvironment. This bispecific T-cell engager (BiTE) binds to EpCAM on target cells and cross-links them to CD3 on T cells, leading to clustering and activation of both CD4 and CD8 T cells. BiTE transcription can be controlled by the virus major late promoter, limiting expression to cancer cells that are permissive for virus replication...
June 20, 2017: EMBO Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622400/prevalence-of-malocclusion-and-distribution-of-occlusal-characteristics-in-13-to-18-year-old-adolescents-attending-selected-high-schools-in-the-municipality-of-san-juan-pr-2012-2013
#14
Karla Alvarado, Lydia López, Rosana Hanke, Francis Picón, Sona Rivas-Tumanyan
OBJECTIVE: A cross-sectional study was conducted (2012-2013) to evaluate the prevalence of 1) malocclusion and 2) occlusal characteristics in 13- to 18-yearold adolescents in San Juan, Puerto Rico (PR) from selected high schools in the municipality of San Juan. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 155 adolescents. The University of Puerto Rico's IRB approved the study and consent and assent were completed for or by each participant, as applicable. A calibrated dentist performed a single-visit dental evaluation at each school...
June 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622360/the-seroprevalence-of-west-nile-virus-in-israel-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-study
#15
Ravit Bassal, Tamy Shohat, Zalman Kaufman, Batya Mannasse, Eilat Shinar, Doron Amichay, Mira Barak, Anat Ben-Dor, Adina Bar Haim, Daniel Cohen, Ella Mendelson, Yaniv Lustig
West Nile Virus (WNV) is endemic in Israel, affecting yearly 40-160 individuals. Israel is located on a central migratory path between Africa and Eurasia and most West Nile Fever (WNF) cases reported in recent years were among residents of the coastal plain. The aim of the study was to evaluate the seroprevalence of WNV among the Israeli population and to assess correlates for WNV infection. A cross-sectional nationwide serologic survey was conducted using 3,145 serum samples collected by the national Israeli serum bank during 2011-2014, representing all age and population groups in Israel...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605885/epidemiology-of-animal-bites-and-factors-associated-with-delays-in-initiating-post-exposure-prophylaxis-for-rabies-prevention-among-animal-bite-cases-a-population-based-study
#16
Firooz Esmaeilzadeh, Abdolhalim Rajabi, Sajad Vahedi, Mohammad Shamsadiny, Mousa Ghelichi Ghojogh, Nahid Hatam
Objectives: One way to prevent deaths due to rabies is the timely utilization of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP). Therefore, in addition to an understanding of the epidemiological distribution of animal bites, it is necessary to explore the factors leading to delays in PEP initiation. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Iran in 2011, and included 7097 cases of animal bites recorded at the Rabies Treatment Center of the Shiraz University of Medical Sciences using the census method...
2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598387/occlusal-features-and-caries-experience-of-hong-kong-chinese-preschool-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Shinan Zhang, Edward Chin Man Lo, Chun Hung Chu
Objective: To study occlusal features and their relation to caries experience in Hong Kong Chinese preschool children. Methods: Seven kindergarten classes in Hong Kong were selected using a stratified random sampling method, and the 4- and 5-year-old Chinese kindergarten children were invited to join the survey. Two calibrated dentists performed the clinical examinations in the kindergartens. Occlusion features, including incisal overjet; canine and molar relationship; median diastema; and primate space as well as malocclusion features, including crossbite; anterior open bite; and scissor bite, were recorded...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593119/provider-patient-communication-about-zika-during-prenatal-visits
#18
Fangjian Guo, Alexander R Norton, Erika L Fuchs, Jacqueline M Hirth, Mariano A Garcia-Blanco, Abbey B Berenson
Zika virus transmission within and between the Americas is of global concern. This study assessed knowledge about the Zika virus among pregnant women in the United States, their travel plans to endemic areas, and whether their health care providers discussed Zika with them. This cross-sectional study used data from 492 pregnant women (18-50 years) from an online survey conducted from April 8 to July 27, 2016. Pregnant women were recruited online through Facebook, Twitter, Craigslist, and Reddit. Almost all (97...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588178/assessment-of-difficulties-associated-with-endotracheal-intubation-using-modified-mallampati-and-upper-lip-bite-test
#19
D Banik, L Ray, A K Akhtaruzzaman, D K Bhowmick, M S Hossain, M S Islam, M F Haque
This study was aimed at finding the parameters for prediction of difficulty in endotracheal intubation, that are easy to examine and that could better predict difficulty. The current observational prospective, cross sectional study was conducted in the department of Anaesthesia, Analgesia and Intensive Care Medicine, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh from March 2015 to September 2015 comprising 180 patient of both sexes requiring endotracheal intubation were arranged into two groups, Group A: Modified Mallampati test Group and Group B: Modified Mallampati & upper lip bite test group (combined) Assessment of difficulty in intubation was done by Cormack & Lehane direct Laryngoscopic grading...
April 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585258/masticatory-muscle-architecture-in-a-water-rat-from-australasia-murinae-hydromys-and-its-implication-for-the-evolution-of-carnivory-in-rodents
#20
P-H Fabre, A Herrel, Y Fitriana, L Meslin, L Hautier
Murines are well known for their generalist diet, but several of them display specializations towards a carnivorous diet such as the amphibious Indo-Pacific water-rats. Despite the fact that carnivory evolved repeatedly in this group, few studies have investigated associated changes in jaw muscle anatomy and biomechanics. Here, we describe the jaw muscles and cranial anatomy of a carnivorous water-rat, Hydromys chrysogaster. The architecture of the jaw musculature of six specimens captured both on Obi and Papua were studied and described using dissections...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
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