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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790772/influence-of-occlusal-characteristics-food-intake-and-oral-hygiene-habits-on-dental-caries-in-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
D Giugliano, F d'Apuzzo, A Majorana, G Campus, F Nucci, C Flores-Mir, L Perillo
AIM: Dental caries is one of the most common oral diseases affecting children. The complex multifactorial aetiology of caries involves host (saliva composition and tooth enamel characteristics), oral microflora and substrate (oral hygiene quality and dietary habits composition). Occlusal characteristics may be also a factor in dental caries development. The aim of this aepidemiologic study was to verify the association between DMFT (Decayed, Missed, Filled Teeth) index and occlusal characteristics, dietary habits, oral hygiene habits and parents' education level in a sample of 12-year-old schoolchildren from Southern Italy...
June 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785152/association-of-midline-discrepancy-with-tempromandibular-joint-disorder-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Sandhya Jain, Neetu Sharma, Pallav Patni, Deshraj Jain
Aim: The aim is to evaluate the association between midline discrepancies and tempromandibular disorders (TMDs). Methods: Literature search was performed by using various search engines to include human studies in English. TMDs include a wide variety of signs and symptoms such as pain in and around TMJ, jaw muscles, clicking and locking of jaws, pain during mandibular movement and restricted mandibular movements. The etiology is multifactorial, including one or several of the following factors like severe malocclusions (increased overjet, retroclination of incisors, cross bite, CR CO discrepancies etc), stress and psychological factors, structural abnormalities as possible etiology...
2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767425/increased-chewing-reduces-energy-intake-but-not-postprandial-glucose-and-insulin-in-healthy-weight-and-overweight-young-adults
#3
Montinee Borvornparadorn, Vasana Sapampai, Chunya Champakerdsap, Wipawee Kurupakorn, Suwimol Sapwarobol
AIM: This randomised cross-over design study aimed to investigate different chewing activities between healthy weight and overweight individuals and to determine the effect of chewing on energy intake and postprandial plasma glucose and insulin concentrations. METHODS: Forty-one participants were classified into healthy weight and overweight groups according to body mass index (BMI). In Phase I, bite size (g/bite), bite rate (bites/minutes), chewing frequency (chews/minutes) and chews (chews/g food) were recorded after a sandwich breakfast...
May 16, 2018: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764954/survey-of-uk-horse-owners-knowledge-of-equine-arboviruses-and-disease-vectors
#4
Gail Elaine Chapman, Matthew Baylis, Debra C Archer
Increased globalisation and climate change have led to concern about the increasing risk of arthropod-borne virus (arbovirus) outbreaks globally. An outbreak of equine arboviral disease in northern Europe could impact significantly on equine welfare, and result in economic losses. Early identification of arboviral disease by horse owners may help limit disease spread. In order to determine what horse owners understand about arboviral diseases of horses and their vectors, the authors undertook an open, cross-sectional online survey of UK horse owners...
May 15, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764280/association-between-psychological-factors-socio-demographic-conditions-oral-habits-and-anterior-open-bite-in-five-year-old-children
#5
Monalisa Cesarino Gomes, Érick Tássio Barbosa Neves, Matheus França Perazzo, Carolina Castro Martins, Saul Martins Paiva, Ana Flávia Granville-Garcia
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate association between psychological factors, socio-demographic conditions, oral habits and anterior open bite in five-year-old preschool children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 764 pairs of children and parents/caregivers in preschools. The parents/caregivers answered questionnaires addressing oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL), sense of coherence, locus of control, oral habits and socio-demographic characteristics...
May 15, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759377/diagnostic-diva-tests-accompanying-the-disabled-infectious-single-animal-disa-vaccine-platform-for-african-horse-sickness
#6
Piet A van Rijn, Mieke A Maris-Veldhuis, Jan Boonstra, René G P van Gennip
African Horse Sickness Virus (AHSV) (Orbivirus genus, Reoviridae family) causes high mortality in naïve domestic horses with enormous economic and socio-emotional impact. There are nine AHSV serotypes showing limited cross neutralization. AHSV is transmitted by competent species of Culicoides biting midges. AHS is a serious threat beyond the African continent as endemic Culicoides species in moderate climates transmit the closely related prototype bluetongue virus. There is a desperate need for safe and efficacious vaccines, while DIVA (Differentiating Infected from Vaccinated) vaccines would accelerate control of AHS...
May 11, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751825/uneven-malaria-transmission-in-geographically-distinct-districts-of-bobo-dioulasso-burkina-faso
#7
Dieudonné Diloma Soma, Daouda Kassié, Seydou Sanou, Fatou Biribama Karama, Ali Ouari, Wadaka Mamai, Georges Anicet Ouédraogo, Gérard Salem, Roch Kounbobr Dabiré, Florence Fournet
BACKGROUND: Urbanization is a main trend in developing countries and leads to health transition. Although non-communicable diseases are increasing in cities of low-income countries, vector-borne diseases such as malaria, are still present. In the case of malaria, transmission is lower than in rural areas, but is uneven and not well documented. In this study, we wanted to evaluate intra-urban malaria transmission in a West African country (Burkina Faso). METHODS: A cross-sectional study on 847 adults (35 to 59 year-old) and 881 children (6 months to 5 year-old) living in 1045 households of four districts (Dogona, Yeguere, Tounouma and Secteur 25) of Bobo-Dioulasso was performed between October and November 2013...
May 11, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749366/experimental-zika-virus-infection-in-aedes-aegypti-susceptibility-transmission-co-infection-with-dengue-chikungunya-viruses
#8
Devendra T Mourya, Mangesh D Gokhale, Triparna D Majumdar, Pragya D Yadav, Vimal Kumar, Mangala S Mavale
Background & objectives: There are reports about the susceptibility of Aedes mosquitoes to ZIKV from various countries, however, no such information is available from Indian sub-continent, although, high level of group cross-reactivity of ZIKV with other flaviviruses has been reported. During outbreak situations, many cases of Dengue (DEN) and Chikungunya (CHIK) are reported. In such scenario, vector mosquitoes are likely to get co-infection/secondary-infection with one or other virus...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744185/occlusal-traits-and-orthodontic-treatment-need-in-7-to-10-year-olds-in-estonia
#9
Hettel Sepp, Mare Saag, Anna-Liisa Svedström-Oristo, Timo Peltomäki, Heli Vinkka-Puhakka
The aim of this study was to evaluate the distribution of occlusal traits and orthodontic treatment need and complexity in Estonian 7- to 10-year-old children. This data provides solid information for planning of orthodontic care. Data of 392 Estonian children (198 girls and 194 boys, mean age 9.0 years, range 7.1-10.4 years) was analysed in this cross-sectional study. Assessed traits included first molar and canine sagittal relationship, overjet, overbite, crowding, midline diastema, crossbite, and scissor bite...
June 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714067/class-iii-malocclusion-and-bilateral-cross-bite-in-an-adult-patient-treated-with-miniscrew-assisted-rapid-palatal-expander-and-aligners
#10
Luca Lombardo, Antonella Carlucci, Bortolo Giuliano Maino, Anna Colonna, Emanuele Paoletto, Giuseppe Siciliani
This case report describes the use of a miniscrew-assisted rapid palatal expander and aligners to correct bilateral cross-bite and crowding in an adult patient with a Class III skeletal pattern. A digitally designed surgical guide was three-dimensionally printed and used to accurately insert four miniscrews into the palate; these were employed to anchor a novel miniscrew-assisted rapid palatal expander appliance without any dental anchorage. Cone-beam computed tomograms before and after miniscrew-assisted rapid palatal expander treatment demonstrated the orthopedic expansion of the maxilla without dental tipping...
May 1, 2018: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713922/the-association-between-patient-s-compliance-and-age-with-the-bonding-failure-of-orthodontic-brackets-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Isabela Vasconcelos Barbosa, Victor de Miranda Ladewig, Renata Rodrigues Almeida-Pedrin, Mauricio Almeida Cardoso, Joel Ferreira Santiago Junior, Ana Claudia de Castro Ferreira Conti
BACKGROUND: An efficient orthodontic treatment must aim the best occlusal result in the shortest possible time. One of the factors that can interfere in this goal is the bracket debonding during the treatment. This study aimed at assessing the different factors related to brackets failure, highlighting age and patient cooperation with treatment. METHODS: The sample comprised 199 orthodontic patients of both genders (103 women and 96 men); divided into two groups-adolescents (12 to 18 years old, 118 patients) and adults (19 to 59 years old, 81 patients)...
May 1, 2018: Progress in Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709983/low-seroprevalence-of-severe-fever-with-thrombocytopenia-syndrome-virus-antibodies-in-individuals-living-in-an-endemic-area-of-japan
#12
Mutsuyo Gokuden, Shuetsu Fukushi, Masayuki Saijo, Fumiko Nakadouzono, Yuka Iwamoto, Mami Yamamoto, Nodoka Hozumi, Kouichiro Nakayama, Kanji Ishitani, Nobuyuki Nishi, Mitsuhiro Ootsubo
Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is a tick-borne infectious disease with a high rate of mortality. It is caused by the SFTS virus (SFTSV). SFTS is endemic to western Japan, including the Kagoshima prefecture. Here, healthy persons living in Kagoshima prefecture were examined to assess the anti-SFTSV seroprevalence. An initial study was performed using serum samples collected from a total of 646 persons living in Kagoshima. At the same time, a questionnaire was used to collect information (occupation and history of being bitten by tick)...
April 27, 2018: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687341/correlation-of-neck-circumference-with-difficult-mask-ventilation-and-difficult-laryngoscopy-in-morbidly-obese-patients-an-observational-study
#13
Aylin Özdilek, Cigdem Akyol Beyoglu, Şafak Emre Erbabacan, Birsel Ekici, Fatiş Altındaş, Suphi Vehid, Güniz Meyancı Köksal
PURPOSE: Mask ventilation and laryngoscopy can be challenging in morbidly obese patients because of excessive fat tissue. There are studies suggesting that neck circumference is associated with difficult mask ventilation, difficult laryngoscopy, and difficult intubation. The primary aim of our study is to evaluate predictive value of neck circumference for difficult mask ventilation and difficult laryngoscopy in female and male morbidly obese patients separately. METHODS: This observational cross-sectional study was performed in the period between March 2015 and December 2015...
April 23, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676256/-the-smile-a-challenge-in-the-treatment-of-class-iii
#14
Laure De Launay, Sarah Gebeile-Chauty
INTRODUCTION: The smile poses a challenge in the treatment of class III. Untreated, the class III patient presents excessive maxillary torque and a predominant display of the mandibular incisors, a sign that becomes more visible with age. Functional orthopedics restores the aesthetic appearance of the smile by maxillary protraction (sometimes temporarily because 20% of cases will still need surgery). Depending on the initial severity of the case (-4.5 mm AoBo would be the threshold value), the options are compensation or surgical correction...
March 2018: L' Orthodontie Française
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665122/impact-of-untreated-dental-caries-on-the-quality-of-life-of-brazilian-children-population-based-study
#15
Sâmara Luciana de Andrade Lima, Caroline Chavier Pereira Santana, Marco Aurélio Benini Paschoal, Saul Martins Paiva, Meire Coelho Ferreira
BACKGROUND: The assessment of oral health should consider clinical and biopsychosocial aspects. AIM: To evaluate the impact of untreated dental caries on the quality of life of children. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 647 Brazilian children. The Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ8-10 ) and the 'oral health' global indicator were administered to the children and used as the outcomes. Parents answered a general questionnaire, and oral clinical examinations were performed...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661635/assessment-of-community-level-effects-of-intermittent-preventive-treatment-for-malaria-in-schoolchildren-in-jinja-uganda-start-ipt-trial-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#16
Sarah G Staedke, Catherine Maiteki-Sebuguzi, Andrea M Rehman, Simon P Kigozi, Samuel Gonahasa, Jaffer Okiring, Steve W Lindsay, Moses R Kamya, Clare I R Chandler, Grant Dorsey, Chris Drakeley
BACKGROUND: Intermittent preventive treatment (IPT) is a well established malaria control intervention. Evidence that delivering IPT to schoolchildren could provide community-level benefits is limited. We did a cluster-randomised controlled trial to assess the effect of IPT of primary schoolchildren with dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine (DP) on indicators of malaria transmission in the community, in Jinja, Uganda. METHODS: We included 84 clusters, each comprising one primary school and the 100 closest available households...
April 13, 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628425/corticotomy-assisted-orthodontic-camouflage-in-a-class-iii-adult-patient-with-a-severe-transverse-discrepancy
#17
Antonio Gracco, Marco Finotti, Giovanni Bruno, Alberto de Stefani
A 25-year-old man presented with a maxillary transverse discrepancy, posterior cross bite, anterior open bite, molar and canine class III. Treatment included a corticotomy in the upper lateral and posterior teeth, a palatal expansor and a sectional archwire to assist the expansion. The following treatment phase included bonding with Incognito System lingual appliance, interproximal reduction to solve the crowding and bite blocks to control the verticality. Two months after the bonding intermaxillary class III elastics were used to solve the sagittal discrepancy and eight months after the bonding vertical elastics were used in order to solve the anterior open bite until the end of the treatment...
April 6, 2018: International Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615044/simulation-models-predict-that-school-age-children-are-responsible-for-most-human-to-mosquito-plasmodium-falciparum-transmission-in-southern-malawi
#18
Jenna E Coalson, Lauren M Cohee, Andrea G Buchwald, Andrew Nyambalo, John Kubale, Karl B Seydel, Don Mathanga, Terrie E Taylor, Miriam K Laufer, Mark L Wilson
BACKGROUND: Malaria persists in some high-transmission areas despite extensive control efforts. Progress toward elimination may require effective targeting of specific human populations that act as key transmission reservoirs. METHODS: Parameterized using molecular-based Plasmodium falciparum infection data from cross-sectional community studies in southern Malawi, a simulation model was developed to predict the proportions of human-to-mosquito transmission arising from (a) children under 5 years old (U5s), (b) school-age children (SAC, 5-15 years), (c) young adults (16-30 years), and (d) adults > 30 years...
April 3, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606203/the-biting-performance-of-homo-sapiens-and-homo-heidelbergensis
#19
Ricardo Miguel Godinho, Laura C Fitton, Viviana Toro-Ibacache, Chris B Stringer, Rodrigo S Lacruz, Timothy G Bromage, Paul O'Higgins
Modern humans have smaller faces relative to Middle and Late Pleistocene members of the genus Homo. While facial reduction and differences in shape have been shown to increase biting efficiency in Homo sapiens relative to these hominins, facial size reduction has also been said to decrease our ability to resist masticatory loads. This study compares crania of Homo heidelbergensis and H. sapiens with respect to mechanical advantages of masticatory muscles, force production efficiency, strains experienced by the cranium and modes of deformation during simulated biting...
May 2018: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569450/maxillary-tridimensional-changes-after-slow-expansion-with-leaf-expander-in-a-sample-of-growing-patients-a-pilot-study
#20
V Lanteri, A Gianolio, G Gualandi, M Beretta
AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate the dento-alveolar effects of slow maxillary expansion using the Leaf Expander in a sample of growing patients with maxillary transverse deficiency, unilateral cross bite and mandibular shift. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 10 patients, 3 male and 7 female (mean age 7.5 + 7 months), treated with Leaf Expander anchored on the upper deciduous teeth. Digital models were obtained by a lab scan of the pvs impressions at the beginning of the therapy (T1) and at the removal of the palatal expander (T2)...
March 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
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