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Cross bite

Antoine Adde, Emmanuel Roux, Morgan Mangeas, Nadine Dessay, Mathieu Nacher, Isabelle Dusfour, Romain Girod, Sébastien Briolant
Local variation in the density of Anopheles mosquitoes and the risk of exposure to bites are essential to explain the spatial and temporal heterogeneities in the transmission of malaria. Vector distribution is driven by environmental factors. Based on variables derived from satellite imagery and meteorological observations, this study aimed to dynamically model and map the densities of Anopheles darlingi in the municipality of Saint-Georges de l'Oyapock (French Guiana). Longitudinal sampling sessions of An...
2016: PloS One
Fabiana Bt Alves, Denise S Wambier, Jenny Ha Alvarez, José Cf da Rocha, Thais R Kummer, Vanessa C de Castro, Howard Cabral, Vitoldo A Kozlowski
INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated the expression of nonnutritive sucking habits and the presence of malocclusion in children using day nurseries' facilities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 195 children (7-40 months) attending 18 public day nurseries were evaluated clinically in Ponta Grossa, Brazil. Statistical package software was used for descriptive, univariate, bivariate, and multiple logistic regressions of the data about the socioeconomic condition, educational family status, malocclusions, and prevalence of nonnutritive sucking habits among the children...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Christine Sievert, Henning Richter, Katrin Beckmann, Patrick R Kircher, Ines Carrera
In vivo diagnosis of tick-borne encephalitis is difficult due to high seroprevalence and rapid viral clearance, limiting detection of antibodies in blood and cerebrospinal fluid. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics of tick-borne encephalitis have been reported, however MRI studies can also be negative despite the presence of neurologic signs. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1) H MRS) is an imaging method that provides additional information about the metabolic characteristics of brain tissues...
October 7, 2016: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
H Lugova, S Wallis
Behavioural impact programmes are especially effective for dengue control and prevention. Universities are key settings for health promotion, so understanding factors that influence the practice of dengue prevention within a university community becomes important. This study aimed to examine the factors affecting dengue knowledge, attitude and preventive practices amongst students and staff of a public university. A cross-sectional survey study was conducted in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. A total of 372 students and staff of the NDUM were recruited by stratified sampling method...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Community Health
Luciana Freitas Gomes E Silva, Erika Bárbara Abreu Fonseca Thomaz, Heloiza Viana Freitas, Alex Luiz Pozzobon Pereira, Cecília Cláudia Costa Ribeiro, Cláudia Maria Coelho Alves
The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of malocclusion on the quality of life (QOL) of adolescents in Brazil. We carried out a cross-sectional study in a sample population of 1015 schoolchildren aged 12 to 15 years from São Luís, Maranhão, Brazil. The explanatory variable was malocclusion, evaluated on the basis of the normative need or the adolescent's self-perceived need for dental treatment. Normative need for dental treatment was determined by professional diagnosis, made on the basis of Angle's classification, the Dental Aesthetic Index, and other morphological deviations (e...
2016: PloS One
Ali Chegeni Sharafi, Mohammad Javad Tarrahi, Mohammad Saki, Mohammad Mirza Sharafi, Elham Nasiri, Hamid Mokhayeri
BACKGROUND: Despite the progress made, animal bites and rabies are one of the important health problems in the country. The purpose of this study was to investigate the epidemiology of animal bites and rabies during 2004-2014 in Lorestan Province to prevent them in population of the province for the future prospective aspects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a descriptive cross-sectional study, all those cases bitten in the province, during 2004 and 2014, were studied...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Maria Angélica Kurpel Diogo, Gabriel Gomes de Oliveira Ribas, Thelma Larocca Skare
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: The pursuit of perfection can cause anxiety and lead dancers to exceed their physical limits. The aim here was to evaluate the prevalence of pain symptoms and eating disorders among professional and amateur dancers. DESIGN AND SETTING: Observational cross-sectional study; Curitiba, PR, Brazil. METHODS: Data on 150 professional and non-professional practitioners of ballet, jazz and street dance were collected through specific questionnaires: Brief Pain Inventory-Short Form (BPI-SF), Eating Attitudes Test-26 (EAT-26), Bulimic Investigatory Test Edinburgh (BITE) and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-T-6 (STAI-T-6)...
September 26, 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
Maria I Estevao-Costa, Silea S Gontijo, Barbara L Correia, Armando Yarleque, Dan Vivas-Ruiz, Edith Rodrigues, Carlos Chávez-Olortegui, Luciana S Oliveira, Eladio F Sanchez
Snakebite envenoming is a neglected public pathology, affecting especially rural communities or isolated areas of tropical and subtropical Latin American countries. The parenteral administration of antivenom is the mainstay and the only validated treatment of snake bite envenoming. Here, we assess the efficacy of polyspecific anti-Bothrops serum (α-BS) produced in the Instituto Nacional de Salud (INS, Peru) and at the Fundação Ezequiel Dias (FUNED, Brazil), to neutralize the main toxic activities induced by five medically-relevant venoms of: Bothrops atrox, B...
September 15, 2016: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
Ebenezer K Mensah, Kwaku Karikari, Moses Aikins, Linda Vanotoo, Samuel Sackey, Chima Ohuabunwo, Fred Wurapa, Tweneboah K Sifah, Edwin Afari
BACKGROUND: A snake bite is an injury caused by a bite from a snake, often resulting in puncture wounds, amputations and sometimes envenomation. Envenoming resulting from snake bite is a particularly important public health problem in rural areas of tropical and sub-tropical countries in Africa. This paper reports the incidence of snake bites and its associated mortality in the Western Region of Ghana. METHOD: The study was a descriptive cross-sectional review of 2006 - 2010 snake bite secondary data generated by the Western Regional Health Information Office in Ghana...
June 2016: Ghana Medical Journal
R Arvinth, Shailendra Singh Rana, Ritu Duggal, Om Prakash Kharbanda
The most frequent cause of functional posterior crossbite is the reduction in width of the maxillary dental arch. This posterior crossbite is associated with anterior crowding which is presented as an infrapositioned canine or a palatally positioned lateral incisor on one side; this leads to an upper midline shift toward the crowded side. The present case report shows the management of posterior crossbite with functional shift and upper midline shift simultaneously without adverse side effects. In this case, rapid maxillary expansion along with fixed appliance is used to correct posterior crossbite with the upper dental midline shift using reciprocal action of elastic transseptal fibers...
July 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Mostafa Shokoohi, Mohammad Karamouzian, Ali Mirzazadeh, AliAkbar Haghdoost, Ali-Ahmad Rafierad, Abbas Sedaghat, Hamid Sharifi
INTRODUCTION: The evidence is mixed on the HIV knowledge, attitude, and practices of youth in Iran. The aim of the current study was to assess knowledge, attitudes, and practices of Iranian youth towards HIV through a national survey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Through a cross-sectional study with multistage cluster sampling, we administered a pilot-tested standard questionnaire to assess the levels of HIV knowledge, attitudes and practices of individuals aged 15-29 years old...
2016: PloS One
Chris J Law, Colleen Young, Rita S Mehta
Sexual dimorphism attributed to niche divergence is often linked to differentiation between the sexes in both dietary resources and characters related to feeding and resource procurement. Although recent studies have indicated that southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis) exhibit differences in dietary preferences as well as sexual dimorphism in skull size and shape, whether these intersexual differences translate to differentiation in feeding performances between the sexes remains to be investigated. To test the hypothesis that scaling patterns of bite force, a metric of feeding performance, differ between the sexes, we calculated theoretical bite forces for 55 naturally deceased male and female southern sea otters spanning the size ranges encountered over ontogeny...
September 2016: Physiological and Biochemical Zoology: PBZ
Henrique Roman Ramos, Ruth Camargo Vassão, Adolfo Rafael de Roodt, Ed Carlos Santos E Silva, Peter Mirtschin, Paulo Lee Ho, Patrick Jack Spencer
CONTEXT: Although rare, coral snake envenomation is a serious health threat in Brazil, because of the highly neurotoxic venom and the scarcely available antivenom. The major bottleneck for antivenom production is the low availability of venom. Furthermore, the available serum is not effective against all coral snake species found in Brazil. An alternative to circumvent the lack of venom for serum production and the restricted protection of the actually available antivenom would be of great value...
September 5, 2016: Clinical Toxicology
Guido Galbiati, Cinzia Maspero, Lucia Giannini, Costanza Tagliatesta, Giampietro Farronato
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examining the activity of jaw muscles through electromyograph and electrognatograph in children with unilateral posterior cross-bite and functional lateral shift before and after rapid palatal expansion, and to find out a relationship between the results. METHODS: The sample included 71 children (35 females and 36 males; range: 6-10 years) with unilateral posterior crossbite and functional mandibular lateral shift in mixed dentition...
October 2016: Minerva Stomatologica
Pennelope K Blakely, Amanda K Huber, David N Irani
BACKGROUND: Alphaviruses can cause fatal encephalitis in humans. Natural infections occur via the bite of infected mosquitos, but aerosol transmissibility makes some of these viruses potential bioterrorism agents. Central nervous system (CNS) host responses contribute to alphavirus pathogenesis in experimental models and are logical therapeutic targets. We investigated whether reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated by nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase (Nox) activity within the CNS contributes to fatal alphavirus encephalitis in mice...
2016: Journal of Neuroinflammation
Zewdie Birhanu, Lakew Abebe, Morankar Sudhakar, Gunawardena Dissanayake, Yemane Ye-Ebiyo Yihdego, Guda Alemayehu, Delenasaw Yewhalaw
BACKGROUND: Prompt care seeking and appropriate use of anti-malarial drugs are critical components of malaria prevention and control. This study assessed malaria related perceptions, care seeking behavior and anti-malarial drug use in malaria endemic settings of Ethiopia. METHODS: Data were generated from a community based cross-sectional study conducted among 798 households during January 2014 as part of a larger household behavioral study in three malaria endemic districts of Jimma Zone, Southwest Ethiopia...
2016: PloS One
Harsh Ashok Mishra, Raj Kumar Maurya
Present case report provides an insight into the hybrid segmental mechanics with treatment of 13-year-old male, considering the side effects of sole continuous arch wire sliding mechanics. Patient was diagnosed as a case of skeletal class I jaw relationship, low mandibular plane angle, class II molar relation on right and class I molar relation on left side, anterior cross bite, crowding of 12mm in upper, 5mm in lower arch. He also had proclined upper and lower anteriors by 2mm, convex profile and incompetent lips...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Mihee Hong, Yoon-Ah Kook, Myeng-Ki Kim, Jae-Il Lee, Hong-Gee Kim, Seung-Hak Baek
OBJECTIVE: Given the considerable disagreement between the Peer Assessment Rating (PAR) index and the American Board of Orthodontics Cast-Radiograph Evaluation, we aimed to develop a novel assessment system-the Improvement and Completion of Outcome (ICO) index-to evaluate the outcome of orthodontic treatment. METHODS: Sixteen criteria from 4 major categories were established to represent the pretreatment malocclusion status, as well as the degree of improvement and level of completion of outcome during/after treatment: dental relationship (arch length discrepancy, irregularity, U1-SN, and IMPA); anteroposterior relationship (overjet, right and left molar position, ANB); vertical relationship (anterior overbite, anterior open-bite, lateral open-bite, SN-MP); and transverse relationship (dental midline discrepancy, chin point deviation, posterior cross-bite, occlusal plane cant)...
July 2016: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Balazs Jozsef Denes, Andrea Bresin, Stavros Kiliaridis
OBJECTIVES: Posterior bite-blocks are resin-based structures elevating the occlusion and creating intrusive force on the posterior teeth. Bite-blocks were applied to the molars of growing rats and a hard and soft diet was used to create altered functional masticatory forces. The aim of the present investigation was to study the effect of this appliance on the periodontal ligament space and alveolar bone thickness when combined with altered masticatory forces. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty-two four-week-old rats were divided into two groups, hard and soft diet...
October 2016: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Renato Pagani, Fabrizio Signorino, Pier Paolo Poli, Pietro Manzini, Irene Panisi
The approach to skeletal dysmorphisms in the maxillofacial area usually requires an orthodontic treatment by means of fixed appliances, both before and after the surgical phase. Since its introduction, Invisalign system has become a popular treatment choice for the clinicians because of the aesthetics and comfort of the removable clear aligners compared with the traditional appliances. Therefore, the aim of the present report was to illustrate the management of a malocclusion by means of Invisalign system associated with the traditional surgical technique...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
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