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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866879/differences-in-bite-force-between-dolichofacial-and-brachyfacial-individuals-side-of-mastication-gender-weight-and-height
#1
Paulo Roberto Quiudini, Daniel Humberto Pozza, Ary Dos Santos Pinto, Mauricio Ferraz de Arruda, Antonio Sergio Guimarães
PURPOSE: Due to the bite force importance in functionality of the masticatory system, this study aimed to characterize it in dolichofacial and brachyfacial individuals. METHODS: A sample comprised by 190 patients was divided into two groups: 90 severe dolichofacial, and 100 severe brachyfacial individuals classified according to the VERT index and the face height ratio (Jarabak quotient). Bite force was measured by using an adjusted digital dynamometer and proper methodology...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849244/influence-of-generalized-joint-hypermobility-on-temporomandibular-joint-and-dental-occlusion-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Lais Chiodelli, Andrielle de Bitencourt Pacheco, Taiane Secretti Missau, Ana Maria Toniolo da Silva, Eliane Castilhos Rodrigues Corrêa
Purpose: To evaluate the dental occlusion and temporomandibular joint in women with and without generalized joint hypermobility. Methods: Generalized joint hypermobility was assessed by the Beighton score. Individuals were divided into two groups: with and without hypermobility. The Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders was used to evaluate the temporomandibular joint. Dental occlusion was assessed according to Angle classification, overjet and overbite measures, presence of open bite or crossbite, pattern of disocclusion, and occlusal interference...
September 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827898/a-comparative-study-of-dog-and-cat-induced-injury-on-incidence-and-risk-factors-among-children
#3
Ying Chen, Yang Gao, Li Zhou, Yafei Tan, Liping Li
Background: Millions of people are bitten by animals each year, with approximately 90% of the injuries being caused by dogs and cats. However, few studies focus on risk factors of dog- and cat-induced injury in China. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the rate of dog- and cat-induced injury and its potential risk factors. Methods: The data were from a population-based cross-sectional study conducted in 2015, with a sample of 9380 children 6-19 years of age from two cities, Shenzhen (large city) and Shantou (mid-sized city), in southern China...
November 3, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814368/chronic-musculoskeletal-disabilities-following-snake-envenoming-in-sri-lanka-a-population-based-study
#4
Subashini Jayawardana, Ariaranee Gnanathasan, Carukshi Arambepola, Thashi Chang
BACKGROUND: Snakebite is a major public health problem in agricultural communities in the tropics leading to acute local and systemic impairments with resultant disabilities. Snakebite related long-term musculoskeletal disabilities have been a neglected area of research. We conducted a population-based, cross-sectional study in an agricultural community to describe the chronic musculoskeletal disabilities of snake envenoming. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A sample representative of residents of a single district in a region of high incidence of snake envenoming was recruited to identify ever snakebite victims...
November 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810154/algorithmic-approach-to-the-prevention-of-unnecessary-fasciotomy-in-extremity-snake-bite
#5
Arif Türkmen, Metin Temel
BACKGROUND: In the literature, there is a lack of a consensus about the occurrence of the compartment syndrome due to the snake bites. There are different concepts for the surgical treatment of the threshold value of the chamber pressure. There are many different classifications and assessment criteria for the snakebites. PURPOSE: There is not any appropriate classification in order to the assessment of extremity snake bites while making a decision for fasciotomy...
October 21, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806553/a-survey-of-acute-q-fever-among-patients-with-brucellosis-like-and-atypical-pneumonia-symptoms-who-are-referred-to-qaemshahr-razi-hospital-in-northern-iran-2014-2015
#6
Roya Ghasemian, Ehsan Mostafavi, Saber Esmaeili, Narges Najafi, Sara Arabsheybani
INTRODUCTION: Coxiella burnetii is the etiologic agent of the zoonotic disease of Q fever which causes lots of morbidities and mortalities every year. The main route of human infection is inhalation of contaminated aerosols; however, consumption of contaminated dairy products is the second cause. Mazandaran province is one of the main livestock centers of the country and consumption of raw dairy in the region is quite common. There isn't any data about Q fever incidence in this region...
August 26, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777950/epidemiology-of-american-tegumentary-leishmaniasis-and-trypanosoma-cruzi-infection-in-the-northwestern-argentina
#7
Carlos L Hoyos, Silvana P Cajal, Marisa Juarez, Jorge D Marco, Anahí M Alberti D'Amato, Melina Cayo, Irma Torrejón, Rubén O Cimino, Patricio Diosque, Alejandro J Krolewiecki, Julio R Nasser, José F Gil
Background. Endemic areas of tegumentary leishmaniasis (TL) in Salta, Argentina, present some overlap zones with the geographical distribution of Chagas disease, with mixed infection cases being often detected. Objectives. The purpose of this study was to determine the magnitude of Leishmania sp. infection and potential associated risk factors, the serologic prevalence of T. cruzi, and the presence of T. cruzi-Leishmania sp. mixed infection in a region of the northwest of Argentina. Methods. Cross-sectional studies were conducted to detect TL prevalence and T...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749938/dynamical-mapping-of-anopheles-darlingi-densities-in-a-residual-malaria-transmission-area-of-french-guiana-by-using-remote-sensing-and-meteorological-data
#8
Antoine Adde, Emmanuel Roux, Morgan Mangeas, Nadine Dessay, Mathieu Nacher, Isabelle Dusfour, Romain Girod, Sébastien Briolant
Local variation in the density of Anopheles mosquitoes and the risk of exposure to bites are essential to explain the spatial and temporal heterogeneities in the transmission of malaria. Vector distribution is driven by environmental factors. Based on variables derived from satellite imagery and meteorological observations, this study aimed to dynamically model and map the densities of Anopheles darlingi in the municipality of Saint-Georges de l'Oyapock (French Guiana). Longitudinal sampling sessions of An...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733714/children-using-day-nurseries-facilities-can-be-associated-with-more-risk-to-nonnutritive-sucking-habits
#9
Fabiana Bt Alves, Denise S Wambier, Jenny Ha Alvarez, José Cf da Rocha, Thais R Kummer, Vanessa C de Castro, Howard Cabral, Vitoldo A Kozlowski
INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated the expression of nonnutritive sucking habits and the presence of malocclusion in children using day nurseries' facilities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 195 children (7-40 months) attending 18 public day nurseries were evaluated clinically in Ponta Grossa, Brazil. Statistical package software was used for descriptive, univariate, bivariate, and multiple logistic regressions of the data about the socioeconomic condition, educational family status, malocclusions, and prevalence of nonnutritive sucking habits among the children...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714889/comparison-between-proton-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-findings-in-dogs-with-tick-borne-encephalitis-and-clinically-normal-dogs
#10
Christine Sievert, Henning Richter, Katrin Beckmann, Patrick R Kircher, Ines Carrera
In vivo diagnosis of tick-borne encephalitis is difficult due to high seroprevalence and rapid viral clearance, limiting detection of antibodies in blood and cerebrospinal fluid. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics of tick-borne encephalitis have been reported, however MRI studies can also be negative despite the presence of neurologic signs. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1) H MRS) is an imaging method that provides additional information about the metabolic characteristics of brain tissues...
October 7, 2016: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696137/cross-sectional-survey-on-the-dengue-knowledge-attitudes-and-preventive-practices-among-students-and-staff-of-a-public-university-in-malaysia
#11
H Lugova, S Wallis
Behavioural impact programmes are especially effective for dengue control and prevention. Universities are key settings for health promotion, so understanding factors that influence the practice of dengue prevention within a university community becomes important. This study aimed to examine the factors affecting dengue knowledge, attitude and preventive practices amongst students and staff of a public university. A cross-sectional survey study was conducted in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. A total of 372 students and staff of the NDUM were recruited by stratified sampling method...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690356/impact-of-malocclusion-on-the-quality-of-life-of-brazilian-adolescents-a-population-based-study
#12
Luciana Freitas Gomes E Silva, Erika Bárbara Abreu Fonseca Thomaz, Heloiza Viana Freitas, Alex Luiz Pozzobon Pereira, Cecília Cláudia Costa Ribeiro, Cláudia Maria Coelho Alves
The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of malocclusion on the quality of life (QOL) of adolescents in Brazil. We carried out a cross-sectional study in a sample population of 1015 schoolchildren aged 12 to 15 years from São Luís, Maranhão, Brazil. The explanatory variable was malocclusion, evaluated on the basis of the normative need or the adolescent's self-perceived need for dental treatment. Normative need for dental treatment was determined by professional diagnosis, made on the basis of Angle's classification, the Dental Aesthetic Index, and other morphological deviations (e...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688868/epidemiological-study-of-animal-bites-and-rabies-in-lorestan-province-in-west-of-iran-during-2004-2014-for-preventive-purposes
#13
Ali Chegeni Sharafi, Mohammad Javad Tarrahi, Mohammad Saki, Mohammad Mirza Sharafi, Elham Nasiri, Hamid Mokhayeri
BACKGROUND: Despite the progress made, animal bites and rabies are one of the important health problems in the country. The purpose of this study was to investigate the epidemiology of animal bites and rabies during 2004-2014 in Lorestan Province to prevent them in population of the province for the future prospective aspects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a descriptive cross-sectional study, all those cases bitten in the province, during 2004 and 2014, were studied...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680217/frequency-of-pain-and-eating-disorders-among-professional-and-amateur-dancers
#14
Maria Angélica Kurpel Diogo, Gabriel Gomes de Oliveira Ribas, Thelma Larocca Skare
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: The pursuit of perfection can cause anxiety and lead dancers to exceed their physical limits. The aim here was to evaluate the prevalence of pain symptoms and eating disorders among professional and amateur dancers. DESIGN AND SETTING: Observational cross-sectional study; Curitiba, PR, Brazil. METHODS: Data on 150 professional and non-professional practitioners of ballet, jazz and street dance were collected through specific questionnaires: Brief Pain Inventory-Short Form (BPI-SF), Eating Attitudes Test-26 (EAT-26), Bulimic Investigatory Test Edinburgh (BITE) and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-T-6 (STAI-T-6)...
September 26, 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641748/neutralization-of-toxicological-activities-of-medically-relevant-bothrops-snake-venoms-and-relevant-toxins-by-two-polyvalent-bothropic-antivenoms-produced-in-peru-and-brazil
#15
Maria I Estevao-Costa, Silea S Gontijo, Barbara L Correia, Armando Yarleque, Dan Vivas-Ruiz, Edith Rodrigues, Carlos Chávez-Olortegui, Luciana S Oliveira, Eladio F Sanchez
Snakebite envenoming is a neglected public pathology, affecting especially rural communities or isolated areas of tropical and subtropical Latin American countries. The parenteral administration of antivenom is the mainstay and the only validated treatment of snake bite envenoming. Here, we assess the efficacy of polyspecific anti-Bothrops serum (α-BS) produced in the Instituto Nacional de Salud (INS, Peru) and at the Fundação Ezequiel Dias (FUNED, Brazil), to neutralize the main toxic activities induced by five medically-relevant venoms of: Bothrops atrox, B...
September 15, 2016: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635098/secondary-analysis-of-snake-bite-data-in-the-western-region-of-ghana-2006-2010
#16
Ebenezer K Mensah, Kwaku Karikari, Moses Aikins, Linda Vanotoo, Samuel Sackey, Chima Ohuabunwo, Fred Wurapa, Tweneboah K Sifah, Edwin Afari
BACKGROUND: A snake bite is an injury caused by a bite from a snake, often resulting in puncture wounds, amputations and sometimes envenomation. Envenoming resulting from snake bite is a particularly important public health problem in rural areas of tropical and sub-tropical countries in Africa. This paper reports the incidence of snake bites and its associated mortality in the Western Region of Ghana. METHOD: The study was a descriptive cross-sectional review of 2006 - 2010 snake bite secondary data generated by the Western Regional Health Information Office in Ghana...
June 2016: Ghana Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630513/simultaneous-correction-of-functional-posterior-cross-bite-and-midline-shift
#17
R Arvinth, Shailendra Singh Rana, Ritu Duggal, Om Prakash Kharbanda
The most frequent cause of functional posterior crossbite is the reduction in width of the maxillary dental arch. This posterior crossbite is associated with anterior crowding which is presented as an infrapositioned canine or a palatally positioned lateral incisor on one side; this leads to an upper midline shift toward the crowded side. The present case report shows the management of posterior crossbite with functional shift and upper midline shift simultaneously without adverse side effects. In this case, rapid maxillary expansion along with fixed appliance is used to correct posterior crossbite with the upper dental midline shift using reciprocal action of elastic transseptal fibers...
July 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626638/hiv-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-young-people-in-iran-findings-of-a-national-population-based-survey-in-2013
#18
Mostafa Shokoohi, Mohammad Karamouzian, Ali Mirzazadeh, AliAkbar Haghdoost, Ali-Ahmad Rafierad, Abbas Sedaghat, Hamid Sharifi
INTRODUCTION: The evidence is mixed on the HIV knowledge, attitude, and practices of youth in Iran. The aim of the current study was to assess knowledge, attitudes, and practices of Iranian youth towards HIV through a national survey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Through a cross-sectional study with multistage cluster sampling, we administered a pilot-tested standard questionnaire to assess the levels of HIV knowledge, attitudes and practices of individuals aged 15-29 years old...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617357/ontogenetic-scaling-of-theoretical-bite-force-in-southern-sea-otters-enhydra-lutris-nereis
#19
Chris J Law, Colleen Young, Rita S Mehta
Sexual dimorphism attributed to niche divergence is often linked to differentiation between the sexes in both dietary resources and characters related to feeding and resource procurement. Although recent studies have indicated that southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis) exhibit differences in dietary preferences as well as sexual dimorphism in skull size and shape, whether these intersexual differences translate to differentiation in feeding performances between the sexes remains to be investigated. To test the hypothesis that scaling patterns of bite force, a metric of feeding performance, differ between the sexes, we calculated theoretical bite forces for 55 naturally deceased male and female southern sea otters spanning the size ranges encountered over ontogeny...
September 2016: Physiological and Biochemical Zoology: PBZ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595162/cross-neutralization-of-coral-snake-venoms-by-commercial-australian-snake-antivenoms
#20
Henrique Roman Ramos, Ruth Camargo Vassão, Adolfo Rafael de Roodt, Ed Carlos Santos E Silva, Peter Mirtschin, Paulo Lee Ho, Patrick Jack Spencer
CONTEXT: Although rare, coral snake envenomation is a serious health threat in Brazil, because of the highly neurotoxic venom and the scarcely available antivenom. The major bottleneck for antivenom production is the low availability of venom. Furthermore, the available serum is not effective against all coral snake species found in Brazil. An alternative to circumvent the lack of venom for serum production and the restricted protection of the actually available antivenom would be of great value...
September 5, 2016: Clinical Toxicology
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