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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542227/health-beliefs-of-school-age-rural-children-in-podoconiosis-affected-families-a-qualitative-study-in-southern-ethiopia
#1
Abebayehu Tora, Getnet Tadele, Abraham Aseffa, Colleen M McBride, Gail Davey
BACKGROUND: Several studies have suggested investigation of health beliefs in children to be an important pre-condition for primary prevention of disease. However, little effort has been made to understand these in the context of podoconiosis. This study therefore aimed to explore the health beliefs of school-age rural children in podoconiosis-affected families. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A cross sectional qualitative study was conducted in March 2016 in Wolaita Zone, Southern Ethiopia...
May 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541371/knowledge-about-the-human-immunodeficiency-syndrome-among-elders-in-a-unit-for-the-care-of-the-elderly
#2
Giovanna Gaudenci Nardelli, Bruna Stephanie Sousa Malaquias, Eliana Maria Gaudenci, Carolina Silva Ledic, Nayara Freitas Azevedo, Vitória Eugênia Martins, Álvaro da Silva Santos
Objective: To analyze the knowledge of elders regarding HIV/AIDS. Methods: Descriptive, cross-sectional, quantitative study, with 457 elders from the Unit for the Care of Elders in Uberaba - Minas Gerais, lasting 3 months. The instruments used were the Mental State Mini-exam and a questionnaire on the human immunodeficiency virus for elders, together with frequency measures for their analysis. Results: Most participants were female (74%), between 60 and 69 y/o (51%)...
May 18, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512539/longitudinal-effects-of-rapid-maxillary-expansion-on-masticatory-muscles-activity
#3
Elena Di Palma, Michele Tepedino, Claudio Chimenti, Gianluca M Tartaglia, Chiarella Sforza
BACKGROUND: To investigate the modifications induced by rapid maxillary expansion (RME) on the electromyographic (EMG) activities of the anterior temporal and superficial masseter muscles, in patients without pre-treatment EMG alterations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-one patients with unilateral posterior cross-bite selected from the orthodontic department of the University of L'Aquila (Italy), were enrolled. There was no control group in this study since each subject acted as a control of her/himself...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507562/antivenomics-as-a-tool-to-improve-the-neutralizing-capacity-of-the-crotalic-antivenom-a-study-with-crotamine
#4
Ricardo Teixeira-Araújo, Patrícia Castanheira, Leonora Brazil-Más, Francisco Pontes, Moema Leitão de Araújo, Maria Lucia Machado Alves, Russolina Benedeta Zingali, Carlos Correa-Netto
BACKGROUND: Snakebite treatment requires administration of an appropriate antivenom that should contain antibodies capable of neutralizing the venom. To achieve this goal, antivenom production must start from a suitable immunization protocol and proper venom mixtures. In Brazil, antivenom against South American rattlesnake (Crotalus durissus terrificus) bites is produced by public institutions based on the guidelines defined by the regulatory agency of the Brazilian Ministry of Health, ANVISA...
2017: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins Including Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461874/epidemiological-study-of-snakebites-in-ardabil-province-iran
#5
Esmaeil Farzaneh, Nasrin Fouladi, Yousef Shafaee, Zahra Mirzamohammadi, Farnaz Naslseraji, Omid Mehrpour
INTRODUCTION: Average annual incidence of snakebite worldwide is between 5.5 to 1.2 million, and at least 125,000 of them are fatal. In Iran, around 4,500-11,000 snakebites occur annually, and a small number of them are fatal. Snake bites can cause intoxity and immediate death in patients, and the aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiological study of snakebites in Ardabil Province. METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional that has been done on 67 snakebite patients who were admitted to the Imam Khomeini Hospital of Ardabil during 2008-2013...
March 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447749/dental-and-periodontal-phenotypes-of-dlx2-overexpression-in-mice
#6
Jiewen Dai, Jiawen Si, Ningjuan Ouyang, Jianfei Zhang, Dandan Wu, Xudong Wang, Guofang Shen
Distal-less homeobox 2 (Dlx2) is a member of the homeodomain family of transcription factors and is important for the development of cranial neural crest cells (CNCCs)‑derived craniofacial tissues. Previous studies revealed that Dlx2 was expressed in the cementum and a targeted null mutation disrupted tooth development in mice. However, whether Dlx2 overexpression may impair in vivo tooth morphogenesis remains to be elucidated. The present study used a transgenic mouse model to specifically overexpress Dlx2 in neural crest cells in order to identify the dental phenotypes in mice by observation, micro‑computed tomography and histological examination...
May 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443579/determining-the-efficiency-of-different-preoperative-difficult-intubation-tests-on-patients-undergoing-caesarean-section
#7
İlker Yıldırım, Mehmet Turan İnal, Dilek Memiş, F Nesrin Turan
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy induced anatomical and physiological changes in the airway makes airway management difficult in obstetric patients, thus the preoperative evaluation of the airway is important for obstetric patients. AIMS: The first aim was determine the effectiveness of the modified mallampati test, the interincisor, sternomental, thyromental distances, the upper limb bite tests and the second aim was to access the effectiveness of the combination of the upper limb bite test with the other tests in obstetric patients...
April 13, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438410/vaccination-with-recombinant-modified-vaccinia-ankara-mva-viruses-expressing-single-african-horse-sickness-virus-vp2-antigens-induced-cross-reactive-virus-neutralising-antibodies-vnab-in-horses-when-administered-in-combination
#8
Nicola Mary Manning, Katarzyna Bachanek-Bankowska, Peter Paul Clement Mertens, Javier Castillo-Olivares
African horse sickness is a lethal viral disease of equids transmitted by biting midges of the Genus Culicoides. The disease is endemic to sub-Saharan Africa but outbreaks of high mortality and economic impact have occurred in the past in non-endemic regions of Africa, Asia and Southern Europe. Vaccination is critical for the control of this disease but only live attenuated vaccines are currently available. However, there are bio-safety concerns over the use of this type of vaccines, especially in non-endemic countries, and live attenuated vaccines do not have DIVA (Differentiation of Infected from Vaccinated Animals) capacity...
April 21, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422977/defining-the-complex-phenotype-of-severe-systemic-loxoscelism-using-a-large-electronic-health-record-cohort
#9
Jamie R Robinson, Vanessa E Kennedy, Youssef Doss, Lisa Bastarache, Joshua Denny, Jeremy L Warner
OBJECTIVE: Systemic loxoscelism is a rare illness resulting from the bite of the recluse spider and, in its most severe form, can lead to widespread hemolysis, coagulopathy, and death. We aim to describe the clinical features and outcomes of the largest known cohort of individuals with moderate to severe loxoscelism. METHODS: We performed a retrospective, cross sectional study from January 1, 1995, to December 31, 2015, at a tertiary-care academic medical center, to determine individuals with clinical records consistent with moderate to severe loxoscelism...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414608/mechanobehavioral-scores-in-women-with-and-without-tmj-disc-displacement
#10
L R Iwasaki, Y M Gonzalez, Y Liu, H Liu, M Markova, L M Gallo, J C Nickel
Cartilage fatigue may be a factor in the precocious development of degenerative changes in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). This cross-sectional study estimated potential for cartilage fatigue via TMJ energy densities (ED) and jaw muscle duty factors (DF), which were combined to calculate mechanobehavioral scores (MBS) in women with (+) and without (-) bilateral TMJ disc displacement (DD). All subjects gave informed consent to participate and were examined using Diagnostic Criteria (DC) for Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) and magnetic resonance (MR) and computed tomography (CT) images...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397951/piezocision-as-an-adjunct-to-orthodontic-treatment-of-unilateral-posterior-crossbite
#11
Manal A Bakathir, Ali H Hassan, Maha A Bahammam
Piezocision (corticotomy) is a minimally invasive approach that involves micro-incisions, piezoelectric incisions, and selective tunnelling for soft or hard tissue grafting. Piezocision has many uses in orthodontics, but its uses in cross-bite cases are limited. This case report illustrates the outcomes of a 19-year-old female patient with unilateral cross-bite that was treated with a minimally invasive piezocision with bone grafting in the affected side. In addition, she also had a functional shift, severe crowding, and mid-line shift...
April 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396683/preparation-and-neutralization-efficacy-of-igy-antibodies-raised-against-deinagkistrodon-acutus-venom
#12
Jinhua Liu, Qiyi He, Wenwen Wang, Bin Zhou, Bo Li, Yingfeng Zhang, Cong Luo, Diancheng Chen, Jia Tang, Xiaodong Yu
BACKGROUND: The five-paced pit viper (Deinagkistrodon acutus), endemic to China and northern Vietnam, is responsible for most snakebites in the Chinese territory. Antivenom produced from horses is the main treatment for snakebites, but it may cause numerous clinical side effects and have other disadvantages involved in their production such as the welfare of animals. The present study was conducted aiming to develop an alternative antibody (IgY) from the egg yolk of leghorn chickens immunized with snake venom...
2017: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins Including Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390423/caregivers-perception-of-malaria-and-treatment-seeking-behaviour-for-under-five-children-in-mandura-district-west-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Israel Mitiku, Adane Assefa
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis and prompt malaria treatment is essential to reduce progression of the illness to severe disease and, therefore, decrease mortality particularly among children under 5 years of age. This study assessed perception of malaria and treatment-seeking behaviour for children under five with fever in the last 2 weeks in Mandura District, West Ethiopia. METHODS: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among 491 caregivers of children under five in Mandura District, West Ethiopia in December 2014...
April 8, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384462/can-a-10-minute-questionnaire-identify-significant-psychological-issues-in-patients-with-temporomandibular-joint-disease
#14
Shang-Lun Lin, Shang-Liang Wu, Hsien-Te Huang, For-Wey Lung, Tzong-Cherng Chi, Jung-Wu Yang
PURPOSES: For patients with disc displacement disorders (DDDs), psychiatric illness increases the risk of worsening postsurgical pain, postoperative delirium, postoperative incomplete recovery, and worse postoperative life quality. This study provides a fast and practical protocol to evaluate psychological conditions of patients with DDDs of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) in clinical care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The populations under investigation in this cross-sectional study included patients with DDD who received treatment from October 2012 through June 2016...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383604/microbiological-contamination-in-digital-radiography-evaluation-at-the-radiology-clinic-of-an-educational-institution
#15
Cristiana P Malta, Naiana Nl Damasceno, Rosangela A Ribeiro, Carolina Sf Silva, Karina L Devito
The aim of this study was to evaluate the contamination rate of intra and extraoral digital X ray equipment in a dental radiology clinic at a public educational institution. Samples were collected on three different days, at two times in the day: in the morning, before attending patients, and at the end of the day, after appointment hours and before cleaning and disinfection procedures. Samples were collected from the periapical X-ray machine (tube head, positioning device, control panel and activator button), the panoramic X- ray machine (temporal support, bite block, control panel and activator button), the intraoral digital system (sensor), and the digital system computers (keyboard and mouse)...
December 2016: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375541/unravelling-the-paediatric-and-perinatal-zika-virus-epidemic-through-population-based-research
#16
Cdc Christie, C Giaquinto
Zika virus epidemic now involves 72 countries, worldwide. Transmission is multimodal through mosquito bites and blood and body fluids. Zika virus causes Guillain Barre Syndrome syndrome and pregnancy complications including perinatal microcephaly. Diagnosis is complicated by subclinical infection in 80%, co-circulation with dengue and chikungunya fevers with similar presentations and cross-reactivity in serological tests. There is no cure, or preventive vaccine. Large population-based studies will help to elucidate ZIKV epidemiology, vertical transmission, risks to the fetus of maternal ZIKV infection and natural history of congenital and non-congenital ZIKV infection as provided by the activities in the "ZIKAction" research consortium in Latin America, Europe and the Caribbean, which was recently funded by the European Commission...
September 19, 2016: West Indian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359663/higher-maximal-occlusal-bite-force-in-endodontically-treated-teeth-versus-vital-contralateral-counterparts
#17
Lama Awawdeh, Khalid Hemaidat, Wael Al-Omari
INTRODUCTION: Decreased sensitivity to occlusal load could lead to a greater risk of damage to endodontically treated teeth. Therefore, this study aims to test whether root canal treatment reduces the sensitivity of the treated teeth to occlusal load. METHODS: This is a comparative cross-sectional study of 124 patients who received root canal treatment. Treated teeth were compared with vital teeth on the contralateral side. After interviews with participants, their maximal bite forces (MBFs) of their root canal-treated and contralateral untreated teeth were measured using a digital bite fork force transducer...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358636/seroprevalence-of-heartworm-infection-risk-factors-for-seropositivity-and-frequency-of-prescribing-heartworm-preventives-for-cats-in-the-united-states-and-canada
#18
Julie K Levy, Amie N Burling, Michael M Crandall, Sylvia J Tucker, Erin G Wood, Jessie D Foster
OBJECTIVE To determine the seroprevalence of heartworm infection, risk factors for seropositivity, and frequency of prescribing heartworm preventives for cats. DESIGN Prospective cross-sectional study. ANIMALS 34,975 cats from 1,353 veterinary clinics (n = 26,707) and 125 animal shelters (8,268) in the United States and Canada. PROCEDURES Blood samples were collected from all cats and tested with a point-of-care ELISA for Dirofilaria immitis antigen, FeLV antigen, and FIV antibody. Results were compared among geographic regions and various cat groupings...
April 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358288/profile-of-orofacial-dysfunction-in-brazilian-children-using-the-nordic-orofacial-test-screening
#19
Bianca Lopes Cavalcante-Leão, Sara Regina Barancelli Todero, Fernanda Morais Ferreira, Maria Beatriz Duarte Gavião, Fabian Calixto Fraiz
OBJECTIVE: The parameters of orofacial dysfunction (OFD) in children can guide clinicians and researchers in the monitoring of deviations from normality. The aim for this study was to evaluate manifestation patterns and the prevalence of OFD in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted involving 531 schoolchildren (8-10 years old) in a small city in southern Brazil. OFD was evaluated using the Nordic Orofacial Test-Screening (NOT-S)...
May 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348802/cat-bite-induced-francisella-tularensis-infection-with-a-false-positive-serological-reaction-for-bartonella-quintana
#20
Evelina Petersson, Simon Athlin
Introduction. Tularaemia is caused by infection with Francisella tularensistransmitted via direct contact with an infected hare carcass or indirectly through the bites of vectors, but may be cat-bite-associated as well. Medical history and reliable diagnostic analysis are important in order to differentiate it from other cat-associated infections, e.g. Bartonella spp. Casepresentation. A healthy 56-year-old man was examined because of a cat-bite-associated ulceroglandular wound on his right thumb. Nineteen days after the cat bite occurred, a serology test was positive for anti-Bartonella quintana, but negative for anti-F...
February 2017: JMM Case Reports
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