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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937903/guiding-the-child-s-teeth-with-class-iii-dental-malocclusion-into-correct-occlusion-a-clinician-s-parenting
#1
A Kapur, H S Chawla, A Utreja, A Goyal
Pediatric dentists are often the first ones to be consulted for the presence of an anterior cross bite in the primary dentition. The condition requires an early interception to avoid progressive dentoalveolar and skeletal changes. The management, however, poses unique challenges in terms of young age of the child, correct choice of appliance and unpredictability of the response to treatment due to inability to ascertain the inherent growth potential. It is very important therefore for the specialist, to be able to recognize the early signs of a developing class III malocclusion tendency and also know the basic details of successful management of such cases...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927432/deer-presence-rather-than-abundance-determines-the-population-density-of-the-sheep-tick-ixodes-ricinus-in-dutch-forests
#2
Tim R Hofmeester, Hein Sprong, Patrick A Jansen, Herbert H T Prins, Sipke E van Wieren
BACKGROUND: Understanding which factors drive population densities of disease vectors is an important step in assessing disease risk. We tested the hypothesis that the density of ticks from the Ixodes ricinus complex, which are important vectors for tick-borne diseases, is determined by the density of deer, as adults of these ticks mainly feed on deer. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study to investigate I. ricinus density across 20 forest plots in the Netherlands that ranged widely in deer availability to ticks, and performed a deer-exclosure experiment in four pairs of 1 ha forest plots in a separate site...
September 19, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904698/hiv-related-knowledge-attitude-and-practices-of-healthy-adults-in-cross-river-state-nigeria-a-population-based-survey
#3
Uchenna Okonkwo, Soter Ameh, Akaninyene Otu, Henry Okpara
INTRODUCTION: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) remains a global health problem disproportionately distributed across Nigeria. Cross river state (CRS), a tourist state, located in the Niger delta, has one of the highest prevalence rates. There is evidence that poor knowledge and stigmatization are obstacles to achieving universal access to HIV prevention programs. The objective of this study was to determine the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) of HIV among adults resident in CRS, Nigeria...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891594/effect-of-telescopic-distal-extension-removable-partial-dentures-on-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-and-maximum-bite-force-a-preliminary-cross-over-study
#4
Moustafa Abdou Elsyad, Aisha Zakaria Mostafa
OBJECTIVES: This cross over study aimed to evaluate the effect of telescopic distal extension removable partial dentures on oral health related quality of life and maximum bite force MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients with complete maxillary edentulism and partially edentulous mandibles with anterior teeth only remaining were selected for this cross over study. All patients received complete maxillary dentures and mandibular partial removable dental prosthesis (PRDP, control). After 3 months of adaptation, PRDP was replaced with conventional telescopic partial dentures (TPD) or telescopic partial dentures with cantilevered extensions (TCPD) in a quasi-random method...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891073/sexual-dimorphism-in-jaw-muscles-of-the-japanese-sparrowhawk-accipiter-gularis
#5
H Wang, J Yan, Z Zhang
Materials suitable for anatomical research of raptorial birds are rare. Bird-eating raptors show distinct inter-sexual differences in body size and parental roles. The large females catch larger prey and prepare small morsels to feed their young using their hooked beaks. Here, we investigated the architectural properties of different jaw muscles of the Japanese sparrowhawk (Accipiter gularis) and examined whether there is sexual dimorphism in their architectural design. The results showed that musculus depressor mandibulae, the opener of the lower jaw, was characterized by relatively long fascicle length, whereas musculus pterygoideus was characterized by its larger mass and physiological cross-sectional area (PCSA) in both sexes...
September 11, 2017: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854934/social-vulnerability-and-factors-associated-with-oral-impact-on-daily-performance-among-adolescents
#6
Inara Pereira da Cunha, Antônio Carlos Pereira, Antônio Carlos Frias, Vladen Vieira, Marcelo de Castro Meneghim, Marília Jesus Batista, Karine Laura Cortellazzi, Jaqueline Vilela Bulgareli
BACKGROUND: Oral disorders may negatively affect the quality of life (QoL) of adolescents. To investigate how social vulnerability and oral-health status factors affect QoL in 15-19 years olds who participated in the "SB São Paulo 2015" state survey. METHODS: The relationship of several independent variables, namely Paulista Social Vulnerability Index (PSVI) score, gender, skin color, family income, age, untreated caries, tooth loss [determined by the Decayed, Missing, Filled-Teeth (DMF-T) index], toothache, periodontal condition [determined by the Community Periodontal Index (CPI)], and malocclusion (maxillary overjet, cross bite, or open bite) affect daily life, measured by the Oral Impacts on Daily Performance (OIDP) instrument...
August 30, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854184/exploring-virulence-and-immunogenicity-in-the-emerging-pathogen-sporothrix-brasiliensis
#7
Paula Portella Della Terra, Anderson Messias Rodrigues, Geisa Ferreira Fernandes, Angela Satie Nishikaku, Eva Burger, Zoilo Pires de Camargo
Sporotrichosis is a polymorphic chronic infection of humans and animals classically acquired after traumatic inoculation with soil and plant material contaminated with Sporothrix spp. propagules. An alternative and successful route of transmission is bites and scratches from diseased cats, through which Sporothrix yeasts are inoculated into mammalian tissue. The development of a murine model of subcutaneous sporotrichosis mimicking the alternative route of transmission is essential to understanding disease pathogenesis and the development of novel therapeutic strategies...
August 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854104/la-crosse-virus-vectors-are-host-seeking-and-ovipositing-after-1700-h-in-eastern-tennessee
#8
C Urquhart, D Paulsen, R T Trout Fryxell
La Crosse virus (LACV) is transmitted via the bites of infected Aedes mosquitoes (Ae. triseriatus, Ae. albopictus, and Ae. japonicus) and causes La Crosse encephalitis, which is the most commonly diagnosed arbovirus in eastern Tennessee children. This study identified host-seeking and oviposition activity of LACV vectors over a diel period, as it relates to traditional working hours. Nineteen sites in Knox County, TN, were monitored with host-seeking (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC] miniature light traps) and oviposition traps (CDC gravid traps) during 2 diel periods (0900-1700 h and 1700-900 h)...
September 2017: Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853166/masticatory-performance-related-factors-in-preschool-children-establishing-a-method-to-assess-masticatory-performance-in-preschool-children-using-colour-changeable-chewing-gum
#9
Yohei Hama, Akemi Hosoda, Yuriko Komagamine, Sachi Gotoh, Chieko Kubota, Manabu Kanazawa, Shunsuke Minakuchi
BACKGROUND: A knowledge gap regarding masticatory performance in preschool children exists, which in turn delays intervention for preventive care; therefore, a method to easily assess performance is needed. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of assessing masticatory performance using colour-changeable chewing gum, and to investigate masticatory performance-related factors in preschool children. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey was conducted in two childcare facilities and our laboratory...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822204/comparative-2-d-electrophoresis-of-salivary-proteins-in-triatoma-dimidiata-and-rhodnius-prolixus-hemiptera-reduviidae-and-major-cross-reactive-antigens
#10
Victor Monteon, Ivan May-Gil, Karla Acosta-Viana, Angel Ramos-Logonio, Oscar Hernandez, Ruth Lopez
An immune response to triatomine’s saliva is an immunological marker of exposure to triatomine bites. However, considerable variability in salivary protein profiles did exist among species. In the present work, we compare salivary proteins from Mexican Triatoma dimidiata and Rhodnius prolixus using 2-D electrophoresis. A clear differential saliva profile was found to exist between these two triatomine species. Fewer protein spots were detected in R. prolixus than in T. dimidiata. More than half of the proteins had an isoelectric point between 5 and 7 and a molecular weight between 10 and 30 kDa in T...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813570/experimental-and-numerical-characterization-of-the-mechanical-masseter-muscle-response-during-mastication
#11
Johannes Weickenmeier, Mahmood Jabareen, Benjamin J D Le Révérend, Marco Ramaioli, Edoardo Mazza
Predictive simulations of the mastication system would significantly improve our understanding of temporomandibular joint disorders and the planning of cranio-maxillofacial surgery procedures. Respective computational models must be validated by experimental data from in-vivo characterization of the mastication system's mechanical response. The present work introduces a combined experimental and numerical procedure for the validation of a computer model of the masseter muscle during biting. The proposed experimental setup enables simultaneous bite force measurements and ultrasound-based visualization of masseter deformation for the direct comparison with the numerically predicted masseter response...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769893/imported-zika-virus-in-a-european-city-how-to-prevent-local-transmission
#12
Joan-Pau Millet, Tomàs Montalvo, Ruben Bueno-Marí, Arancha Romero-Tamarit, Albert Prats-Uribe, Lidia Fernández, Esteve Camprubí, Lucía Del Baño, Victor Peracho, Jordi Figuerola, Elena Sulleiro, Miguel J Martínez, Joan A Caylà
Background: On February 1st 2016 the WHO declared the Zika Virus (ZIKV) infection a worldwide public health emergency because of its rapid expansion and severe complications, such as Guillain-Barré Syndrome or microcephaly in newborn. The huge amount of people traveling to endemic areas and the presence of Aedes albopictus in Barcelona increase the risk of autochtonous transmission. The objective of this study was to describe the first ZIKV cases diagnosed in our city and to analyze the surveillance, prevention, and control measures implemented to avoid autochthonous transmission...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761600/-evaluation-of-knowledge-attitudes-practices-of-the-populations-in-the-health-districts-of-benoye-laoukassy-moundou-and-south-n-djamena-towards-canine-rabies-in-chad
#13
Rolande Mindekem, Monique Lechenne, Idriss Oumar Alfaroukh, Daugla Doumagoum Moto, Jakob Zinsstag, Laurent Tinoaga Ouedraogo, Sahidou Salifou
INTRODUCTION: Canine rabies remains a concern in Africa as well as in Chad. Our study aimed to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes and practices of the populations towards the appropriate management of people exposed to canine rabies and effective fight against it. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, descriptive study in four health districts in Chad in July and in September 2015. Data were collected from households recruited by three-stage random sampling by means of a questionnaire...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754184/malocclusions-in-young-children-does-breast-feeding-really-reduce-the-risk-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Esma J Doğramacı, Giampiero Rossi-Fedele, Craig W Dreyer
BACKGROUND: Researchers have purported that breast-feeding can decrease the risk of malocclusions. The authors studied the relationship of breast-feeding on malocclusions in young children by means of conducting a systematic review of association (etiology). TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: The authors used a 3-step search strategy, including electronic searches. They considered studies whose investigators included healthy children with primary dentition with a history of breast-feeding and in which the study investigators had assessed specific malocclusion outcomes to be eligible for inclusion in this review...
August 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750669/population-level-estimates-of-the-proportion-of-plasmodium-vivax-blood-stage-infections-attributable-to-relapses-among-febrile-patients-attending-adama-malaria-diagnostic-centre-east-shoa-zone-oromia-ethiopia
#15
Lemu Golassa, Michael T White
BACKGROUND: Malaria is ranked as the leading communicable disease in Ethiopia, where Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax are co-endemic. The incidence of P. vivax is usually considered to be less seasonal than P. falciparum. Clinical cases of symptomatic P. falciparum exhibit notable seasonal variation, driven by rainfall-dependent variation in the abundance of Anopheles mosquitoes. A similar peak of clinical cases of P. vivax is usually observed during the rainy season. However, the ability of P...
July 27, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744853/poor-appetite-and-dietary-intake-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#16
Barbara S van der Meij, Hanneke A H Wijnhoven, Jung S Lee, Denise K Houston, Trisha Hue, Tamara B Harris, Stephen B Kritchevsky, Anne B Newman, Marjolein Visser
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Poor appetite in older adults leads to sub-optimal food intake and increases the risk of undernutrition. The impact of poor appetite on food intake in older adults is unknown. The aim of this study was to examine the differences in food intake among older community-dwelling adults with different reported appetite levels. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of data from a longitudinal prospective study. SETTING: Health, aging, and body composition study performed in the USA...
July 26, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728572/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-on-malaria-transmission-in-mamfene-kwazulu-natal-province-south-africa-2015
#17
Pinky N Manana, Lazarus Kuonza, Alfred Musekiwa, Hluphi D Mpangane, Lizette L Koekemoer
BACKGROUND: In South Africa malaria is endemic in Mpumalanga, Limpopo and the north-eastern areas of KwaZulu-Natal provinces. South Africa has set targets to eliminate malaria by 2018 and research into complementary vector control tools such as the Sterile Insect Technique (SIT) is ongoing. It is important to understand community perceptions regarding malaria transmission and control interventions to enable development of community awareness campaign messages appropriate to the needs of the community...
July 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724450/variation-in-species-composition-and-infection-rates-of-anopheles-mosquitoes-at-different-altitudinal-transects-and-the-risk-of-malaria-in-the-highland-of-dirashe-woreda-south-ethiopia
#18
Taye Yohannes Daygena, Fekadu Massebo, Bernt Lindtjørn
BACKGROUND: The transmission of malaria is heterogeneous, and varies due to altitude. The information on whether the transmission of malaria is indigenous or imported to highland areas is scarce. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the species composition and infection rates of Anopheles at different altitudinal transects, and the risk of malaria if any in the highland of Dirashe Woreda, South Ethiopia. METHODS: This study was conducted in Gato (low altitude; average elevation of 1273 m), Onota (mid-altitude; average elevation of 1707 m) and Layignaw-Arguba (high altitude; average elevation of 2337 m) from August 2015 to April 2016...
July 19, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705290/crossed-total-hemiatrophy-associated-with-atrophoderma-of-pasini-pierini
#19
Ru-Zhi Zhang, Wen-Yuan Zhu
A 45-year-old Chinese man had begun to show asymmetry of the face 30 years previously. Subsequently, he developed visual extinction of the right eye, slight numbness, and weakness of the left extremities. Simultaneously, multiple atrophic brownish patches occurred on his side. He denied prior trauma or tick bites at those sites. There was no report of preceding redness, induration, or a history of trauma. The atrophic lesions extended and enlarged slowly. Ten years previously, some brownish patches with normal texture had appeared on the right side of the trunk...
2017: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697901/knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-zika-virus-among-medical-students-in-king-abdulaziz-university-jeddah-saudi-arabia
#20
Nahla K Ibrahim, Rana H Moshref, Leena H Moshref, Jawaher B Walid, Hadeel S AlSatti
Zika Virus (ZIKV) and its associated consequences remain vital public health challenge of international concerns. The current study was done to assess knowledge and attitudes towards ZIKV and the factors associated with good knowledge among medical students in King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 426 students. They were selected through multistage stratified random sample method, 2016. A validated, confidential, interviewing questionnaire contained 25 knowledge and 10 attitude items was used...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
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