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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782040/two-repetitive-bouts-of-intense-eccentric-concentric-jaw-exercises-reduce-experimental-muscle-pain-in-healthy-subjects
#1
Rosaria Bucci, Frank Lobbezoo, Ambrosina Michelotti, Michail Koutris
BACKGROUND: High-intensity eccentric-concentric contractions of the jaw-closing muscles induce muscle soreness, fatigue, and functional impairment of the jaw, resembling the symptoms of myalgia, according to the Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD). However, it is claimed that repetition of similar exercises can minimize these detrimental effects. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the response of jaw closing muscles following two series of intense eccentric-concentric exercises of the masticatory muscles in healthy subjects...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765914/nonsurgical-treatment-and-stability-of-an-adult-with-a-severe-anterior-open-bite-malocclusion
#2
Aldo Otazú Cambiano, Guilherme Janson, Diego Coelho Lorenzoni, Daniela Gamba Garib, Dino Torres Dávalos
OBJECTIVES: A skeletal anterior open-bite is a challenging malocclusion for the orthodontist due to the difficulty and instability of correction. Treatment options for the adult patient include extractions, anterior extrusion with intermaxillary elastics, posterior intrusion using skeletal anchorage, occlusal adjustment, and orthognathic surgery. Patient compliance plays a key role in posttreatment stability. The present case report demonstrates the orthodontic treatment of an adult patient who presented with a complex open-bite malocclusion...
2018: Journal of Orthodontic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764954/survey-of-uk-horse-owners-knowledge-of-equine-arboviruses-and-disease-vectors
#3
Gail Elaine Chapman, Matthew Baylis, Debra C Archer
Increased globalisation and climate change have led to concern about the increasing risk of arthropod-borne virus (arbovirus) outbreaks globally. An outbreak of equine arboviral disease in northern Europe could impact significantly on equine welfare, and result in economic losses. Early identification of arboviral disease by horse owners may help limit disease spread. In order to determine what horse owners understand about arboviral diseases of horses and their vectors, the authors undertook an open, cross-sectional online survey of UK horse owners...
May 15, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764280/association-between-psychological-factors-socio-demographic-conditions-oral-habits-and-anterior-open-bite-in-five-year-old-children
#4
Monalisa Cesarino Gomes, Érick Tássio Barbosa Neves, Matheus França Perazzo, Carolina Castro Martins, Saul Martins Paiva, Ana Flávia Granville-Garcia
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate association between psychological factors, socio-demographic conditions, oral habits and anterior open bite in five-year-old preschool children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 764 pairs of children and parents/caregivers in preschools. The parents/caregivers answered questionnaires addressing oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL), sense of coherence, locus of control, oral habits and socio-demographic characteristics...
May 15, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761867/airway-physical-examination-tests-for-detection-of-difficult-airway-management-in-apparently-normal-adult-patients
#5
REVIEW
Dominik Roth, Nathan L Pace, Anna Lee, Karen Hovhannisyan, Alexandra-Maria Warenits, Jasmin Arrich, Harald Herkner
BACKGROUND: The unanticipated difficult airway is a potentially life-threatening event during anaesthesia or acute conditions. An unsuccessfully managed upper airway is associated with serious morbidity and mortality. Several bedside screening tests are used in clinical practice to identify those at high risk of difficult airway. Their accuracy and benefit however, remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to characterize and compare the diagnostic accuracy of the Mallampati classification and other commonly used airway examination tests for assessing the physical status of the airway in adult patients with no apparent anatomical airway abnormalities...
May 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756173/prediction-of-changes-due-to-mandibular-autorotation-following-miniplate-anchored-intrusion-of-maxillary-posterior-teeth-in-open-bite-cases
#6
Hassan E Kassem, Eiman S Marzouk
BACKGROUND: Prediction of the treatment outcome of various orthodontic procedures is an essential part of treatment planning. Using skeletal anchorage for intrusion of posterior teeth is a relatively novel procedure for the treatment of anterior open bite in long-faced subjects. METHODS: Data were analyzed from lateral cephalometric radiographs of a cohort of 28 open bite adult subjects treated with intrusion of the maxillary posterior segment with zygomatic miniplate anchorage...
May 14, 2018: Progress in Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754856/three-dimensional-dental-and-craniofacial-manifestations-in-patients-with-late-diagnosis-of-mucopolysaccharidosis-type-ii-report-of-2-cases
#7
Rafaela de Oliveira Torres, Andréa Vaz Braga Pintor, Fábio Ribeiro Guedes, Lucia Helena Soares Cevidanes, Liana Bastos Freitas-Fernandes, Antônio Carlos de Oliveira Ruellas, Ivete Pomarico Ribeiro de Souza
The objective of this study was to report the clinical evaluation results and 3-dimensional (3-D) dental and craniofacial characteristics observed in 2 male patients with mucopolysaccharidosis type II. The patients were evaluated clinically (soft tissue evaluation, evaluation of occlusion, periodontal and dental examinations) and by using craniofacial computed tomography, with evaluation of 3-D images in ITK-Snap v. 2.2 (Penn Image Computing and Science Laboratory, Philadelphia, PA; http://www.itksnap.org/) and 3-D Slicer (http://www...
April 16, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746978/clinical-studies-of-the-effectiveness-and-safety-of-antivenoms
#8
David J Williams, Abdulrazaq G Habib, David A Warrell
In the 1890s, hyperimmune sera proved effective in animals against challenge by the snake venom against which they had been raised. They were first used, apparently successfully, in a human patient in about 1895. Since then, antivenoms have become accepted as the only reliable specific treatment for snake-bite envenoming. Despite decades of accumulated clinical experience and a number of published randomised comparative and observational studies, the clinical effectiveness and safety of some antivenoms remain open to question, due to a lack of robust randomised controlled trial data...
May 7, 2018: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743384/temporal-change-in-the-occlusal-vertical-dimension-and-its-involvement-in-modulation-of-jaw-movement-in-bite-reduced-animals
#9
Hiroshi Matoba, Hayato Kanayama, Takafumi Kato, Mohammad Z Hossain, Junichi Kitagawa, Yoshie Takehana, Kazuhiro Yamada, Yuji Masuda
The occlusal vertical dimension (OVD) in guinea pigs is maintained by tooth eruption and grinding. It has been reported that the experimentally raised OVD recovers to the innate OVD within a few days in guinea pigs. However, the mechanisms underlying OVD adjustment are not entirely understood. This study thus aimed to clarify whether the experimentally reduced OVD would recover. Bite-reduced guinea pigs were created by applying bilateral intermaxillary elastics for 10 days. Guinea pigs without elastics were used as a control...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731651/a-case-of-lyme-disease-in-a-japanese-woman
#10
Masafumi Seki, Yuji Watanabe, Hiroki Kawabata
This report presents the case of a Japanese patient who developed Lyme disease. The patient was a 44-year-old woman who had general fatigue and the inability to open her mouth. She was initially suspected of having mild tetanus with lockjaw; however, she reported a past history of a tick bite while camping in the USA and had erythema migrans 2 months before this visit. Finally, Lyme disease was serologically confirmed. A few cases of Lyme disease are annually reported in Japan; however, this infectious disease should also be suspected...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728554/bilateral-condylar-hyperplasia-nonsurgical-management-a-clinical-report
#11
Adrian Seto, Michael G Botelho, Edward Ht Ho, Nithya Jagannathan
Background: Patients present with malocclusions in the form of bilateral open bite with functional and esthetic challenges. These are particularly so whereby these are acquired through growth anomalies that create a change in the occlusal status whereby a patient has to adapt to the challenge of the occlusal change. While surgical intervention is a considered option to correct such changes, not all patients are willing to endure the consequences of this intervention and as such this report presents a conservative minimally invasive approach...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722897/mucopolysaccharidosis-vi-and-effects-on-growth-of-the-apical-bases-a-case-report
#12
Moema Ferreira Dos Reis, Lucas Rodrigues Pinheiro, Maria das Graças Rodrigues Pinheiro, Haroldo Amorim de Almeida, Patrícia do Socorro Queiroz Feio, Sâmia Cordovil de Almeida, Isabel Cristina Neves de Souza, Roberto Giugliani, Ida Vanessa Doederlein Schwartz, Rosely Maria Dos Santos Cavaleiro, João de Jesus Viana Pinheiro, Luiz Carlos Santana da Silva
OBJECTIVE: Mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) VI is a rare disorder caused by an autosomal recessive mutation in the short arm of chromosome 5 (5q12-13) leading to an N-acetylgalactosamine-sulfatase lysosomal enzyme deficiency and numerous systemic clinical changes. The oral and maxillofacial complex may exhibit tooth eruption anomalies, macroglossia, gingival hypertrophy, mouth breathing, increased lower facial height, open bite, retrognathia, and progressive TMJ arthrosis. This report describes craniofacial growth changes in two MPS VI patients, sisters and daughters of outbred parents, who were longitudinally monitored from 11 to 15 years of age...
May 3, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709708/specific-occlusal-scheme-for-partially-edentulous-patients-with-tmd-signs-preliminary-report
#13
Srgan D Poitie
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to ascertain a specific occlusal scheme to reduce temporomandibular disorder signs and symptoms in the therapy of partially edentulous patients with removable partial acrylic dentures. METHODOLOGY: 34 partially edentulous patients who had unilateral free-end saddle in the mandible along with a history of TMD signs and symptoms were prosthodontically treated, fitting them with new removable acrylic partial dentures (NRAPD) for their lower jaws...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706221/orthodontic-treatment-of-a-patient-with-maxillary-lateral-incisors-with-dens-invaginatus-6-year-follow-up
#14
Guilherme Thiesen, Donald R Oliver, Eustáquio A Araújo
INTRODUCTION: Dens invaginatus is an anomaly of dental development in which calcified tissues, such as enamel and dentin, are invaginated into the pulp cavity. This morphologic alteration is more frequent in maxillary permanent lateral incisors and makes them more susceptible to carious lesions and pulp alterations. METHODS: This case report describes a patient with maxillary lateral incisors affected by dens invaginatus. The maxillary right lateral incisor had already undergone endodontic treatment, and the maxillary left one had a periapical lesion...
May 2018: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687341/correlation-of-neck-circumference-with-difficult-mask-ventilation-and-difficult-laryngoscopy-in-morbidly-obese-patients-an-observational-study
#15
Aylin Özdilek, Cigdem Akyol Beyoglu, Şafak Emre Erbabacan, Birsel Ekici, Fatiş Altındaş, Suphi Vehid, Güniz Meyancı Köksal
PURPOSE: Mask ventilation and laryngoscopy can be challenging in morbidly obese patients because of excessive fat tissue. There are studies suggesting that neck circumference is associated with difficult mask ventilation, difficult laryngoscopy, and difficult intubation. The primary aim of our study is to evaluate predictive value of neck circumference for difficult mask ventilation and difficult laryngoscopy in female and male morbidly obese patients separately. METHODS: This observational cross-sectional study was performed in the period between March 2015 and December 2015...
April 23, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683335/prediction-of-mandibular-movement-and-its-center-of-rotation-for-nonsurgical-correction-of-anterior-open-bite-via-maxillary-molar-intrusion
#16
Kyunam Kim, Kwangchul Choy, Young-Chel Park, Seo Yeon Han, Heekyu Jung, Yoon Jeong Choi
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate quantitatively the relationship between molar intrusion (change [Δ] maxillary first molar [U6]-palatal plane [PP]) and changes in vertical and sagittal cephalometric parameters and to determine the center of mandibular autorotation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one patients diagnosed with anterior open bite and successfully treated with molar intrusion (overbite [OB] > 0 mm) were retrospectively enrolled. Lateral cephalograms taken before and after molar intrusion were used to measure changes in vertical and sagittal cephalometric parameters...
April 23, 2018: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683334/long-term-evaluation-of-rapid-maxillary-expansion-and-bite-block-therapy-in-open-bite-growing-subjects-a-controlled-clinical-study
#17
Manuela Mucedero, Dimitri Fusaroli, Lorenzo Franchi, Chiara Pavoni, Paola Cozza, Roberta Lione
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term effects of rapid maxillary expansion (RME) and posterior bite block (BB) in prepubertal subjects with dentoskeletal open bite. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The treatment group (TG) comprised 16 subjects (14 girls, 2 boys) with dentoskeletal open bite with a mean age of 8.1 ± 1.1 years treated with RME and BB. Three consecutive lateral cephalograms were available before treatment (T1), at the end of the active treatment with the RME and BB (T2), and at a follow-up observation at least 4 years after the completion of treatment (T3)...
April 23, 2018: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655410/non-orthodontic-intervention-and-non-nutritive-sucking-behaviours-a-literature-review
#18
REVIEW
Liyana Tanny, Boyen Huang, Noel Ye Naung, Geoffrey Currie
Anterior open bite (AOB) is one of the most complex malocclusions to manage. AOB is caused by either by skeletal, genetic or environmental factors. Numerous treatment options are currently utilised to manage AOB. These vary from non-invasive behavioural shaping to orthodontic and surgical interventions. This paper reviews the available orthodontic and non-orthodontic interventions used in the management of AOB. The literature review was carried out using the PubMed search engine from the first of January 2000 to the first of June 2017...
April 2018: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628425/corticotomy-assisted-orthodontic-camouflage-in-a-class-iii-adult-patient-with-a-severe-transverse-discrepancy
#19
Antonio Gracco, Marco Finotti, Giovanni Bruno, Alberto de Stefani
A 25-year-old man presented with a maxillary transverse discrepancy, posterior cross bite, anterior open bite, molar and canine class III. Treatment included a corticotomy in the upper lateral and posterior teeth, a palatal expansor and a sectional archwire to assist the expansion. The following treatment phase included bonding with Incognito System lingual appliance, interproximal reduction to solve the crowding and bite blocks to control the verticality. Two months after the bonding intermaxillary class III elastics were used to solve the sagittal discrepancy and eight months after the bonding vertical elastics were used in order to solve the anterior open bite until the end of the treatment...
April 6, 2018: International Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625922/new-records-of-tick-associated-spotted-fever-group-rickettsia-in-an-amazon-savannah-ecotone-brazil
#20
A A R Aguirre, Marcos Valério Garcia, Ivaneide Nunes da Costa, Bárbara Guimarães Csordas, Vinícius da Silva Rodrigues, Jansen Fernandes Medeiros, Renato Andreotti
Human rickettsiosis has been recorded in the Amazon Biome. However, the epidemiological cycle of causative rickettsiae has not been fully accounted for in the Amazon region. This study investigates the presence of spotted fever group (SFG) Rickettsia spp. in free-living unfed ticks of the Amblyomma genus. The study was conducted in seven municipalities in Rondonia State, Brazil, where the main biomes are Amazon forest, Brazilian Savannah and their ecotones (areas of ecological tension between open ombrophilous forest and savannah)...
March 22, 2018: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
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