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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921666/comparison-of-laparoscopic-gastropexy-performed-via-intracorporeal-suturing-with-knotless-unidirectional-barbed-suture-using-a-needle-driver-versus-a-roticulated-endoscopic-suturing-device-30-cases
#1
Kristin A Coleman, Eric Monnet
OBJECTIVE: To compare two suturing techniques for prophylactic laparoscopic gastropexy in healthy dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Thirty healthy client-owned dogs from breeds predisposed to gastric dilation volvulus. METHODS: Medical records of dogs presented for prophylactic laparoscopic gastropexy performed with knotless unidirectional barbed suture were reviewed. Dogs were grouped based on the device used for suturing, consisting of an endoscopic needle driver (END) vs an endoscopic suturing device (ESD)...
September 16, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906337/a-three-dimensional-study-of-midfacial-changes-following-le-fort-ii-distraction-with-zygomatic-repositioning-in-syndromic-patients
#2
James M Smartt, Carey Campbell, Rami Hallac, Jake Alford, Christopher A Derderian
Le Fort II distraction with zygomatic repositioning introduced the ability to restore central midfacial height and convexity independent of changes in orbital morphology. This study analyzes midfacial and orbital morphology before and after Le Fort II distraction with zygomatic repositioning.All patients who underwent Le Fort II Distraction with zygomatic repositioning between 2013 and 2015 were included. Two- and 3-dimensional measurements were made using 3dMD Vultus software to assess canthal tilt, nasolabial angle, ratio of midfacial to lower facial height, and absolute change in nasal length...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895751/extreme-skeletal-open-bite-correction-with-vertical-elastics
#3
Marco Antonio Cruz-Escalante, Aron Aliaga-Del Castillo, Luciano Soldevilla, Guilherme Janson, Marilia Yatabe, Ricardo Voss Zuazola
Severe skeletal open bites may be ideally treated with a combined surgical-orthodontic approach. Alternatively, compensations may be planned to camouflage the malocclusion with orthodontics alone. This case report describes the treatment of an 18-year-old man who presented with a severe open bite involving the anterior and posterior teeth up to the first molars, increased vertical dimension, bilateral Class III molar relationship, bilateral posterior crossbite, dental midline deviation, and absence of the maxillary right canine and the mandibular left first premolar...
September 12, 2017: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891073/sexual-dimorphism-in-jaw-muscles-of-the-japanese-sparrowhawk-accipiter-gularis
#4
H Wang, J Yan, Z Zhang
Materials suitable for anatomical research of raptorial birds are rare. Bird-eating raptors show distinct inter-sexual differences in body size and parental roles. The large females catch larger prey and prepare small morsels to feed their young using their hooked beaks. Here, we investigated the architectural properties of different jaw muscles of the Japanese sparrowhawk (Accipiter gularis) and examined whether there is sexual dimorphism in their architectural design. The results showed that musculus depressor mandibulae, the opener of the lower jaw, was characterized by relatively long fascicle length, whereas musculus pterygoideus was characterized by its larger mass and physiological cross-sectional area (PCSA) in both sexes...
September 11, 2017: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887566/the-syntactic-organization-of-pasta-eating-and-the-structure-of-reach-movements-in-the-head-fixed-mouse
#5
Ian Q Whishaw, Jamshid Faraji, Jessica R Kuntz, Behroo Mirza Agha, Gerlinde A S Metz, Majid H Mohajerani
Mice are adept in the use of their hands for activities such as feeding, which has led to their use in investigations of the neural basis of skilled-movements. We describe the syntactic organization of pasta-eating and the structure of hand movements used for pasta manipulation by the head-fixed mouse. An ethogram of mice consuming pieces of spaghetti reveals that they eat in bite/chew bouts. A bout begins with pasta lifted to the mouth and then manipulated with hand movements into a preferred orientation for biting...
September 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867371/the-suture-retention-test-revisited-and-revised
#6
M Pensalfini, S Meneghello, V Lintas, K Bircher, A E Ehret, E Mazza
A systematic investigation of the factors affecting the suture retention test is performed. The specimen width w and the distance a of the suture bite from the specimen free edge emerge as the most influential geometrical parameters. A conservative approach for the quantification of suture retention strength is identified, based on the use of a camera to monitor the incipient failure and detect the instant of earliest crack propagation. The corresponding critical force, called break starting strength, is extremely robust against test parameter variations and its dependence on the specimen geometry becomes negligible when a≥ 2mm and w≥ 10mm...
August 24, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854934/social-vulnerability-and-factors-associated-with-oral-impact-on-daily-performance-among-adolescents
#7
Inara Pereira da Cunha, Antônio Carlos Pereira, Antônio Carlos Frias, Vladen Vieira, Marcelo de Castro Meneghim, Marília Jesus Batista, Karine Laura Cortellazzi, Jaqueline Vilela Bulgareli
BACKGROUND: Oral disorders may negatively affect the quality of life (QoL) of adolescents. To investigate how social vulnerability and oral-health status factors affect QoL in 15-19 years olds who participated in the "SB São Paulo 2015" state survey. METHODS: The relationship of several independent variables, namely Paulista Social Vulnerability Index (PSVI) score, gender, skin color, family income, age, untreated caries, tooth loss [determined by the Decayed, Missing, Filled-Teeth (DMF-T) index], toothache, periodontal condition [determined by the Community Periodontal Index (CPI)], and malocclusion (maxillary overjet, cross bite, or open bite) affect daily life, measured by the Oral Impacts on Daily Performance (OIDP) instrument...
August 30, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833963/a-novel-technique-for-enterotomy-closure-in-stapled-laparoscopic-intracorporeal-anastomosis-ica
#8
Salomone Di Saverio, Arianna Birindelli, Edoardo Segalini, Sofia Todero, Razvan Andrei Botusan, Matteo Novello, Sherman Kwan, Antonio Biondi
INTRODUCTION: The proximal edge of the enterotomy in a side-to-side anastomosis has been shown to be the site at highest risk of leak. Several methods have been described to overcome this vulnerability. The technical challenge of Intra-Corporeal Anastomosis(ICA) is to re-create angles between tissues and instruments, similar to those in an open anastomosis. The axis between the suture line and the needle driver is paramount and this angle should be less than 45°. TECHNIQUE: The crotch-stitch of the enterotomy is difficult because of the narrow space between the loops and the depth of the anastomosis...
August 20, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815684/cognitive-psychophysiological-treatment-of-bodily-focused-repetitive-behaviors-in-adults-an-open-trial
#9
Kieron O'Connor, Marc Lavoie, Benoît Desaulniers, Jean-Sébastien Audet
BACKGROUND: Body-focused repetitive behaviors (BFRBs), such as hair pulling, skin picking, and nail biting, are repetitive, destructive, and nonfunctional habits that cause significant distress. Separate BFRBs form a cohesive group and could be assessed as part of the Tourette/tic spectrum or obsessive-compulsive spectrum of disorders. The treatment of choice is either antidepressant or behavioral treatment, both of which have shown effectiveness. The cognitive psychophysiological (CoPs) model focuses on the tension and emotional build up that triggers habits by addressing cognitive-behavioral, emotional and psychophysiological processes preceding onset rather than the habit itself...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790849/immunotargeting-relapsed-or-refractory-precursor-b-cell-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-role-of-blinatumomab
#10
REVIEW
Manon Queudeville, Rupert Handgretinger, Martin Ebinger
Patients with refractory or relapsed (R/R) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) have a dismal prognosis of around 5% long-term survival when treated with cytotoxic chemotherapy and allogenic stem cell transplantation. T-cell immunobased strategies open up new therapeutic perspectives. Blinatumomab is the first of a new class of antibody constructs that was labeled bispecific T-cell engager (BiTE): it consists of two single chain variable fragment connected with a flexible linker, one side binding CD3, the other CD19...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760267/common-errors-observed-at-the-american-board-of-orthodontics-clinical-examination
#11
EDITORIAL
Chun-Hsi Chung, Larry P Tadlock, Nicholas Barone, Valmy Pangrazio-Kulbersh, David G Sabott, Patrick F Foley, Timothy S Trulove, Jae Hyun Park, Steven A Dugoni
The American Board of Orthodontics has developed tools to help examinees select patients to be used for the Board examination. The Case Management Form can be used to evaluate aspects of a patient's treatment that cannot be measured by other tools. The Case Management Form is a structured treatment-neutral assessment of orthodontic objectives and outcomes associated with a patient's treatment. Despite the availability of this form, examiners continue to see problems, including lack of attention to finishing details, inappropriate treatment objectives, excessive proclination of mandibular incisors due to treatment mechanics, excessive expansion of mandibular intercanine width, closing skeletal open bite with extrusion of anterior teeth leading to excessive gingival display, and failure to recognize the importance of controlling the eruption or extrusion of molars during treatment...
August 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754184/malocclusions-in-young-children-does-breast-feeding-really-reduce-the-risk-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Esma J Doğramacı, Giampiero Rossi-Fedele, Craig W Dreyer
BACKGROUND: Researchers have purported that breast-feeding can decrease the risk of malocclusions. The authors studied the relationship of breast-feeding on malocclusions in young children by means of conducting a systematic review of association (etiology). TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: The authors used a 3-step search strategy, including electronic searches. They considered studies whose investigators included healthy children with primary dentition with a history of breast-feeding and in which the study investigators had assessed specific malocclusion outcomes to be eligible for inclusion in this review...
August 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749238/aesthetic-and-functional-outcomes-using-a-multiloop-edgewise-archwire-for-camouflage-orthodontic-treatment-of-a-severe-class-iii-open-bite-malocclusion
#13
Guido Artemio Marañón-Vásquez, Luciano Carlos Soldevilla Galarza, Freddy Antonio Tolentino Solis, Cliff Wilson, Fábio Lourenço Romano
Occasionally, orthodontists will be challenged to treat malocclusions and skeletal disharmonies, which by their complexity one might think that the only treatment alternative is the surgical-orthodontic approach. A male patient, aged 17 years old, was diagnosed with a skeletal Class III malocclusion, anterior open bite and negative overjet. An unpleasant profile was the patient's 'chief complaint' showing interest in facial aesthetics improvement. Nevertheless, the patient and his parents strongly preferred a non-surgical treatment approach...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746494/angle-class-iii-malocclusion-with-anteroposterior-and-vertical-discrepancy-in-the-final-stage-of-growth
#14
Marcelo B P de Arruda
Angle Class III malocclusion is characterized by an anteroposterior dental discrepancy with or without anteroposterior and vertical skeletal changes. Patients usually seek orthodontic treatment because facial appearance is compromised in most cases. The present study describes the clinical case of a 12-year and 6-month-old girl in her final stage of pubertal growth presenting Class III malocclusion with anteroposterior and vertical discrepancies. Initial treatment consisted of maxillary expansion using a Hass expander followed by the use of a Petit facemask for a minimum of 16 hours a day...
May 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713734/treatment-of-micrognathia-by-intraoral-distraction-osteogenesis-a-prospective-study
#15
M Baskaran, S Gidean Arularasan, T K Divakar, Rohini Thirunavukkarasu
PURPOSE: Maxillofacial deformities are always psychologically and physically distressing to the patients and is also challenging to the treating surgeons. The term Micrognathia means a "small jaw". True micrognathia, where the maxilla or the mandibular skeleton does not grow to the full size can be congenital or acquired. Distraction osteogenesis also called as callus distraction or callostasis or osteodistraction or distraction histogenesis is a biological process of regenerating newly formed bone and adjacent soft tissue by a gradual and controlled traction of surgically separated bone segments...
January 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658360/subjective-facial-analysis-and-its-correlation-with-dental-relationships
#16
Gustavo Silva Siécola, Leopoldino Capelozza, Diego Coelho Lorenzoni, Guilherme Janson, José Fernando Castanha Henriques
INTRODUCTION: Subjective facial analysis is a diagnostic method that provides morphological analysis of the face. Thus, the aim of the present study was to compare the facial and dental diagnoses and investigate their relationship. METHODS: This sample consisted of 151 children (7 to 13 years old), without previous orthodontic treatment, analyzed by an orthodontist. Standardized extraoral and intraoral photographs were taken for the subjective facial classification according to Facial Pattern classification and occlusal analyses...
March 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653417/oral-problems-and-quality-of-life-of-preschool-children-self-reports-of-children-and-perception-of-parents-caregivers
#17
Matheus F Perazzo, Monalisa C Gomes, Érick T Neves, Carolina C Martins, Saul M Paiva, Edja M M de B Costa, Ana F Granville-Garcia
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between oral health problems and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of preschool children according to both self-reports and the reports of parents/caregivers. A school-based, cross-sectional study was conducted with 769 preschool children and their parents/caregivers. The OHRQoL was evaluated using the Scale of Oral Health Outcomes for Five-Year-Old Children (SOHO-5). Based on logistic regression for complex samples, the following variables were found to be associated with poorer OHRQoL in the parent/caregiver version: toothache (OR = 6...
June 27, 2017: European Journal of Oral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651766/prevalence-of-malocclusion-in-canadian-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#18
Catherine Fontaine-Sylvestre, Annie Roy, Jean Rizkallah, Basma Dabbagh, Beatriz Ferraz Dos Santos
INTRODUCTION: The purposes of this study were to determine the prevalence of malocclusion among children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and to describe the most common malocclusion traits in this population. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included patients diagnosed with ASD aged between 5 and 18 years. Randomly selected healthy children with the same demographic characteristics comprised the control group. Dental charts were reviewed to obtain the children's sociodemographic characteristics and type of occlusion...
July 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651757/lateral-open-bite-and-crossbite-correction-in-a-class-iii-patient-with-missing-maxillary-first-premolars
#19
Jae Hyun Park, Joseph Yu, Jong-Moon Chae
Posterior and Class III elastics were used to correct lateral open bite and anterior crossbite in a 29-year-old man. His occlusion, smile esthetics, and soft tissue profile were significantly improved after 25 months of active orthodontic treatment combined with 4 anterior restorations.
July 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642828/surgical-orthodontic-treatment-of-a-patient-affected-by-type-1-myotonic-dystrophy-steinert-syndrome
#20
Laura Cacucci, Beatrice Ricci, Maria Moretti, Giulio Gasparini, Sandro Pelo, Cristina Grippaudo
Myotonic dystrophy, or Steinert's disease, is the most common form of muscular dystrophy that occurs in adults. This multisystemic form involves the skeletal muscles but affects also the eye, the endocrine system, the central nervous system, and the cardiac system. The weakness of the facial muscles causes a characteristic facial appearance frequently associated with malocclusions. Young people with myotonic dystrophy, who also have severe malocclusions, have bad oral functions such as chewing, breathing, and phonation...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
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