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Dentofacial orthopedics

Marcel Marchiori Farret
This manuscript describes the treatment of a 27-year-old patient who was previously treated with two maxillary first premolar extractions. The patient had skeletal Class III malocclusion, Class III canine relationship, anterior crossbite, and a concave profile. As the patient refused orthognathic surgery, a miniplate was used on the right side of the lower arch as an anchorage unit after the extraction of mandibular first premolars, aiding the retraction of anterior teeth. At the end of treatment, anterior crossbite was corrected, in which first molars and canines were in a Class I relationship, and an excellent intercuspation was reached...
June 2016: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
S K Roy Chowdhury, P S Menon, M R Vasant, B Jayan, R K Dhiman, S Karkun
BACKGROUND: Surgical repair with suitable bone graft / substitutes plays an important role in rehabilitation of individuals with residual anterior palatal or alveolar defects associated with an oronasal fistula. METHODS: 52 cases were treated by secondary or delayed bone grafting of the alveolar defects in isolation or associated with defects of the anterior palate from July 2002 - Nov 2004. Dimension and the extent of the defects were assessed with the help of radiographs & maxillofacial CT...
July 2006: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
Paulo Ávila de Souza
This clinical case report describes the orthodontic treatment of an 8-year and 9-month old female patient with Angle Class I malocclusion, anterior crossbite and canine Class III relationship. Orthodontic treatment was carried out in two stages. The first one was orthopedic, while the second one included the use of a fixed appliance and the need for space gain for reshaping of maxillary lateral incisors. The two-stage treatment combined with multidisciplinary Restorative Cosmetic Dentistry allowed excellent esthetic and functional outcomes to be achieved...
March 2016: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
Pınar Cagimni, Figen Govsa, Mehmet Asim Ozer, Zuhal Kazak
OBJECTIVE: Investigation of the computerized dimensional anatomic location of the greater palatine foramen (GPF) and lesser palatine foramens (LPF) is important indicating site to collect palatal donor tissue, reconstructioning the orofacial area of the oncology patient and applying the greater palatine nerve block anesthesia. The aim of this study is to determine a patient-friendly landmark and to specify the precise location of the GPF in order to standardise certain anatomical marks of safe neurovascular bundle...
May 13, 2016: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Kevin S Smith, Byron T Henry, Michelle A Scott
Over the last decade, presurgical orthopedic molding for the patient with cleft lip and palate has become much more common; it is even reasonable to assume it may be the standard of care for those wide unilateral and bilateral clefts with substantial dentofacial deformities. In 2013, there was a comparative study of nasoalveolar molding methods, comparing the Grayson-NAM device and DynaCleft. The results showed the 2 to be equivocal with both methods significantly reducing the cleft width and improving the nasal asymmetry...
May 2016: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
Michel Marignan
Posturology is a specific area of theoretical and clinical physiology applicable in numerous fields of medicine and related disciplines and aims at studying the standing position and related dysfunctions. This functional medical approach offers a range of powerful multiprofessional diagnostic and therapeutic tools based on position-related neurophysiology and human movement in the management of a large number of pathologies. As posturologists, we frequently encounter disorders of the standing position due to one or several manducatory dysfunctions...
March 2016: L' Orthodontie Française
Padhraig S Fleming, Despina Koletsi, Kevin O'Brien, Aliki Tsichlaki, Nikolaos Pandis
OBJECTIVES: There is an increasing recognition that research outcomes should resonate with patients rather than fixating on technical aspects of interventions. We aimed to assess the nature of outcomes within a representative subset of clinical trials published in leading dental journals. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials published over a 3-year period up to December 31st, 2015 were identified in eight leading general and specialty dental journals: Journal of Dental Research, Journal of Dentistry, American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Pediatric Dentistry, International Journal of Prosthodontics, Journal of Endodontics, International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Journal of Clinical Periodontology...
June 2016: Journal of Dentistry
Kátia Montanha
Protrusion of maxillary incisors is a common complaint among patients seeking orthodontic treatment. This report addresses the correction of Class II Angle malocclusion with excessively bucally proclined maxillary incisors, in an adolescent female patient, through the use of extraoral and fixed appliances. This case was presented to the Brazilian Board of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics (BBO) as part of the requirements for obtaining the title of certified by the BBO.
January 2016: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
Hakki Oguz Kazancioglu, Sertac Aksakalli, Seref Ezirganli, Muhammet Birlik, Mukaddes Esrefoglu, Ahmet Hüseyin Acar
BACKGROUND: Narrow maxilla is a common problem in orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics. To solve this problem, a procedure called rapid maxillary expansion (RME) has been used. However, relapse tendency is a major problem of RME. Although relapse tendency is not clearly understood, various treatment procedures and new applications have been investigated. The present study aimed to investigate the possible effectiveness of caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) on new bone formation in rat midpalatal suture after RME...
2015: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
Marcos Alan Vieira Bittencourt
Class III skeletal pattern is characterized by disharmony between maxillary and mandibular basal bones anteroposteriorly, and might or might not be associated with dental changes. In general, facial esthetics is hindered significantly, which most of times is the reason why patients or patient's guardians seek treatment. This case was presented to the Brazilian Board of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics (BBO) in partial fulfillment of the requirements for Diplomate recertification and revalidation.
November 2015: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
Gang Shen
Sagittal-guidance Twin-block appliance (SGTB), an orthopedic therapy that has been widely implemented in orthodontic practice since it was introduced by the author a decade ago. This overview was aimed to clarify the fundamental mechanism of SGTB in correction of skeletal malocclusions, i.e., retraction of the maxilla triggered by the muscular force generated from mandibular forward positioning. This overview was also designed to summarize the evolutionary pathway through which SGTB regime originated and developed from removable, bonded and to the latest form of clear aligner SGTB...
October 2015: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
Raj M Vyas, David C Kim, Bonnie L Padwa, John B Mulliken
OBJECTIVE: To analyze indications and outcomes for primary premaxillary setback. DESIGN: Retrospective. SETTING: Academic children's hospital. PATIENTS: All children with bilateral complete cleft lip age ≤2 years of age who had premaxillary setback by one surgeon (1992 to 2011). RESULTS: Twenty-five patients with bilateral complete cleft lip underwent primary premaxillary setback at an average age of 9 months; the mean follow-up was 47 months...
May 2016: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Guilherme Thiesen
The present case report describes the orthodontic treatment of a patient with agenesis of maxillary left lateral incisor and Angle Class II, Division 1 malocclusion. The patient also presented with maxillary midline deviation and inclination of the occlusal plane in the anterior region. Treatment objectives were: correction of sagittal relationship between the maxilla and the mandible; correction of midline deviation, so as to cause maxillary and mandibular midlines to coincide; correction of overbite and leveling of the occlusal plane, so as to create ideal conditions for esthetic rehabilitation of anterior teeth...
October 2015: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
Joseph G Ghafari
The American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics celebrates its centennial, safeguarded by the nearly 115-year-old American Association of Orthodontists. This journey witnessed the rise and demise of various developments, concepts, and procedures, while basic knowledge is still needed. Various periods can be defined in the past century, but the goals remain to obtain more accurate diagnosis through precise anatomic imaging, more controlled and faster tooth movement, more discreet appliances, and the balance of esthetics, function, and stability...
November 2015: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Chris Burke
The story of orthodontics during the first 100 years of Journal publication can be told through the people who lived it. As part of the American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics Centennial Celebration, we present 100 people who most influenced the specialty during the last 100 years. Part 3 concludes with "The Modern Era" and describes those born in 1920 or later. They came of age near or after the end of World War II. Proprietary orthodontic schools and preceptorship training were giving way to expanding postgraduate university programs...
November 2015: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Ning Zhao, Jing Feng, Zheng Hu, Rongjing Chen, Gang Shen
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to evaluate the changes of skeletal and dental structures in mild to moderate skeletal Class III children following the use of a new magnetic orthopedic appliance (MOA-III). METHODS: A total of 36 patients (14 boys and 22 girls, mean age 9 years and 5 months) who presented with a mild to moderate skeletal Class III jaw discrepancy were treated with MOA-III. Another group of 20 untreated patients (9 boys and 11 girls, mean age 9 years and 2 months) with the same level of deformity served as the control group...
2015: Head & Face Medicine
Neha Grover, D N Kapoor, Santosh Verma, Preeti Bharadwaj
BACKGROUND: The subject's inherent growth pattern can be an effective factor in characteristics of smile. More vertical growth in the posterior maxilla than in the anterior maxilla could result in a changed relationship between the occlusal plane and the curvature of the lower lip upon smile. In order to broaden the understanding of how smile gets affected by growth pattern and the underlying hard tissues, the present study was undertaken to compare smile in various growth patterns, to determine sexual dimorphism, if any; as well as to correlate smile with underlying hard tissues...
2015: Progress in Orthodontics
Stephan P K Tan, Veerasathpurush Allareddy, Richard A Bruun, John B Mulliken, Stephen R Sullivan, Oscar J Peguero, Justin S Cooper, Bonnie L Padwa, Eduardo J Gerlein, E Francis Cook, Stephen Shusterman
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of dentofacial infant orthopedic treatment (DFIO) on facial growth in preadolescent children with unilateral complete cleft lip and palate (UCCLP) and bilateral complete cleft lip and palate (BCCLP). METHODS: This is a retrospective study of patients with UCCLP and BCCLP treated at a single center. The treatment group had DFIO, and the control group did not have DFIO. Regression models were used to compare outcomes between the study and control groups...
September 2015: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
A P Huet, C Paulus
The obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) may affect children, especially those with dentofacial disharmonies. Dentofacial orthopedic (DFO) treatments carried out in those patients must take this condition into account and can, in selected cases, improve or even treat the OSAS. The goal of our work was to report our experience about DFO treatments of children affected by OSAS in the department of maxillofacial surgery of Femme-Mère-Enfant hospital of university hospitals of Lyon, France.
September 2015: Revue de Stomatologie, de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale et de Chirurgie Orale
Chris Burke
The story of orthodontics during the first 100 years of Journal publication can be told through the people who lived it. As part of the American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics' Centennial celebration, we present 100 people who most influenced the specialty during the last 100 years. Part 2 picks up with "the greatest generation" and describes those born in the first 2 decades of the 20th century. Whether born in Europe or the United States, their lives and educations were disrupted by world war...
August 2015: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
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