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Dentofacial orthopedics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122570/relationships-between-facial-divergence-and-dmd-parameters
#1
Abdelali Halimi, Hicham Benyahia, Mohamed-Faouzi Azeroual, Loubna Bahije, Fatima Zaoui
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between facial divergence and the parameters of dentomaxillary discrepancy (DMD), in particular crowding, the curve of Spee and the position of the incisors in the sagittal dimension. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 90 young adult patients was selected from among the Moroccan orthodontic population attending the dentofacial orthopedic department and satisfying the following inclusion criteria: complete permanent dentition and a skeletal class I pattern with no previous orthodontic treatment, no crossbite, no periodontal disease, no mandibular asymmetry and no condylodiscal disunion...
November 6, 2017: International Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069355/intention-to-treat-itt-analysis-as-reported-in-orthodontic-randomized-controlled-trials-evaluations-of-methodology-and-recommendations-for-the-accurate-use-of-itt-analysis-and-handling-dropouts
#2
Lars Bondemark, Salem Abdulraheem
Objective: To systematically evaluate in five orthodontic journals how many randomized controlled trials (RCTs) use intention to treat (ITT) analysis and to assess the methodological quality of the ITT analysis, and finally, to demonstrate in an academic way how outcomes can be affected when not implementing the ITT analysis. Material and methods: A search of the database, Medline, was performed via PubMed for publication type 'randomized controlled trial' published for each journal between 1 January 2013 and 30 April 2017...
October 21, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042703/modification-of-dentofacial-growth-associated-with-goldenhar-syndrome
#3
Ei Ei Hsu Hlaing, Yoshihito Ishihara, Chikako Hara, Hiroshi Kamioka
The rare developmental defect, Goldenhar syndrome is characterized by complex craniofacial and dentofacial anomalies. Here we describe the successful orthodontic treatment of a 5-year-old Japanese Goldenhar syndrome patient with mild facial asymmetry, right microtia, right-side hearing loss, and tongue-thrusting by a modification of dentofacial growth using a non-surgical orthopedic treatment approach. Improvement of the vertical discrepancies on the affected side and canted occlusal plane as well as mandibular deviation were achieved with a functional orthopaedic approach...
October 2017: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016742/looking-beyond-traditional-metrics-in-orthodontics-an-altmetric-study-on-the-most-discussed-articles-on-the-web
#4
Christos Livas, Konstantina Delli
Objective: To evaluate the online visibility of the most popular orthodontic articles in Web platforms in relation to publication details and citations. Materials and Methods: Altmetric Explorer (Altmetric LLP, London, UK) was searched for articles published in 11 orthodontic journals without time limits in publication and citation on social media. The 200 articles with the highest Altmetric Attention Score (AAS) were collected and screened for data related to publication (date, journal, access), authorship (number of authors, affiliation and origin of the corresponding author), and research (type, subject, funding)...
July 10, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967331/cone-beam-computed-tomography-and-interdisciplinary-dentofacial-therapy-an-american-academy-of-periodontology-best-evidence-review-focusing-on-risk-assessment-of-the-dentoalveolar-bone-changes-influenced-by-tooth-movement
#5
George A Mandelaris, Rodrigo Neiva, Leandro Chambrone
BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate whether cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging can be used to assess dentoalveolar anatomy critical to the periodontist when determining risk assessment for patients undergoing orthodontic therapy using fixed or removable appliances. METHODS: Both observational and interventional trials reporting on the use of CBCT imaging assessing the impact of orthodontic/dentofacial orthopedic treatment on periodontal tissues (i...
October 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941813/the-use-of-tailored-subheadings-was-successful-in-enhancing-compliance-with-consort-in-a-dental-journal
#6
Despina Koletsi, Padhraig S Fleming, Rolf G Behrents, Christopher D Lynch, Nikolaos Pandis
OBJECTIVES: Efforts to enhance the reporting of clinical trials have intensified in recent years with automated strategies and editorial involvement showing promise in improving compliance with accepted guidelines. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a concerted approach to adherence to CONSORT (CONsolidated Standards Of Reporting Trials) guidelines in a dental journal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Following the publication of an exemplar clinical trial on the American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics (AJO-DO) website and related changes to the author guidelines, trial submissions were required to follow a standard format incorporating subheadings mirroring the CONSORT guidelines...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902256/class-ii-division-2-subdivision-left-malocclusion-associated-with-anterior-deep-overbite-in-an-adult-patient-with-temporomandibular-disorder
#7
Ivan Toshio Maruo
The orthodontic treatment of patients with chief complaint of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) presents doubtful prognosis, due to the poor correlation between malocclusions and TMDs. The present case report describes the treatment of an adult patient with Angle Class II Division 2 subdivision left malocclusion associated with anterior deep overbite and TMD. This case was presented to the Brazilian Board of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics (BBO), as part of the requirements to obtain the title of BBO Diplomate...
July 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838757/a-genetic-heritage-the-same-yet-different-a-comparative-study-in-twins
#8
Catherine Mas, Laure Frapier
Since the 19th century, and in every field of medicine, monozygotic twins have been studied to assess the involvement of genetic and environmental factors in phenotypic expression. The phenotype/genotype relationship remains the leading problem in contemporary biology. In dentofacial orthopedics, this relationship is of relevance in the three-dimensional approach to the face, in both diagnosis and treatment. The present study of two monozygotic twins presenting skeletal class III malocclusions which were genetic yet different is a clear illustration of the interaction of genotype and epigenetic factors with environmental influences...
August 21, 2017: International Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658899/correlation-between-maxillary-canine-calcification-and-skeletal-maturation
#9
Sushil Kumar, Abhishek Singha Roy, Ankit Garg, Saeed Bin Hamid, Sumit Tyagi, Atish Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Skeletal maturation assessment has a great role in many health professions especially in Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. Functional appliances have proved to be more effective when used at the peak of mandibular growth, rather than before. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the calcification stages of permanent maxillary canine are useful to assess skeletal maturity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, samples were derived from panoramic radiographs and lateral cephalograms of 300 subjects (137 males and 163 females) with their age ranging from 9 to 18 years...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658362/agenesis-of-mandibular-second-premolar-in-patient-with-dental-bimaxillary-protrusion
#10
Carlos Alberto Estevanell Tavares
The present study reports the treatment carried out in a patient with mandibular second premolar agenesis associated with early loss of a deciduous second molar, deep overbite, severe overjet and dentoalveolar bimaxillary protrusion, which led to lip incompetence and a convex facial profile. The main objectives of this treatment were: to eliminate the spaces in mandibular arch, correct overbite, as well as eliminate bimaxillary protrusion and lip incompetence, thus leading to a balanced profile. The case was presented to the Brazilian Board of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics (BBO) as part of the requirements to obtain the title of BBO diplomate...
March 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643927/co2-low-level-laser-therapy-has-an-early-but-not-delayed-pain-effect-during-experimental-tooth-movement
#11
T Deguchi, D G Kim, H Kamioka
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that the use of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) reduces elevated pain by controlling the release of neurochemicals during orthodontic tooth movement. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Okayama University. Sixty-five Sprague Dawley rats were subjected to tooth movement and LLLT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult Sprague Dawley rats were used in this study. Groups included day 0 controls, irradiation only controls and with or without irradiation sacrificed at 1, 3, 5, 7 and 14 days after tooth movement (n=5 each, total n=65)...
June 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540615/clinical-evaluation-of-marketed-orthodontic-products-are-researchers-behind-the-times-a-meta-epidemiological-study
#12
Jadbinder Seehra, Nikolaos Pandis, Padhraig S Fleming
BACKGROUND: The role of marketing and industry in the treatment decisions of orthodontists has received increasing attention in recent years with clinical research typically undertaken subsequent to established use of these devices and often failing to confirm the promise of manufacturers' claims. This meta-epidemiological study was undertaken to assess the proportion of clinical trials in orthodontics evaluating commercially marketed products and to evaluate the direction of the results of these studies...
December 2017: Progress in Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511506/an-assessment-of-correlation-between-dermatoglyphic-patterns-and-sagittal-skeletal-discrepancies
#13
Susha Miriam George, Biju Philip, Deepika Madathody, Manu Mathew, Jose Paul, Johnson Prakash Dlima
INTRODUCTION: Investigators over years have been fascinated by dermatoglyphic patterns which has led to the development of dermatoglyphics as a science with numerous applications in various fields other than being the best and most widely used method for personal identification. AIM: To assess the correlation between dermatoglyphic patterns and sagittal skeletal discrepancies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 180 patients, aged 18-40 years, were selected from those who attended the outpatient clinic of the Deparment of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Mar Baselios Dental College, Kothamangalam, Kerala, India...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444016/frictionless-segmented-mechanics-for-controlled-space-closure
#14
Ildeu Andrade
Extraction spaces may be needed to achieve specific orthodontic goals of positioning the dentition in harmony with the craniofacial complex. However, the fundamental reality that determines the occlusion final position is the control exerted by the orthodontist while closing the extraction spaces. A specific treatment objective may require the posterior teeth to remain in a constant position anteroposteriorly as well as vertically, while the anterior teeth occupy the entire extraction site. Another treatment objective may require the opposite, or any number of intentional alternatives of extraction site closure...
February 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901236/class-iii-malocclusion-with-maxillary-deficiency-mandibular-prognathism-and-facial-asymmetry
#15
Guilherme de Araújo Almeida
This article reports the clinical case of a female patient with history of unsuccessful orthodontic treatment. She presented with Class III malocclusion, mandibular and maxillary constriction, anterior crossbite and facial asymmetry resulting from laterognathism triggered by hyperactivity of the condyle revealed by vertical elongation of the right mandibular ramus. Patient's treatment consisted of orthodontic mechanics and two orthognathic surgical interventions with satisfactory and stable outcomes. This case was presented to the Brazilian Board of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics (BBO), as part of the requirements for obtaining the BBO Diplomate title...
September 2016: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783198/computer-guided-technique-evaluation-of-the-bony-palate-for-planning-individual-implant-placement
#16
Pinar Cagimni, Figen Govsa, Mehmet Asim Ozer, Zuhal Kazak
OBJECTIVE: Different clinical problems may require a surgical approach to the dental arch, such as dentofacial orthopedics, implant-supported dental prothesis, maxillary orthodontics protraction, removable appliances, and posttraumatic dental reconstruction. The aim of this study is to analyze the dental arch size and type for supporting individual dental protheses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, the reference measurements on the length of the bony palate, maxillary intercanine width, maxillary intermolar width, and the ratio of the maxillary to the palatinal surface were studied in 120 bony palates using a computer software program...
May 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27409659/orthodontic-retreatment-using-anchorage-with-miniplate-to-camouflage-a-class-iii-skeletal-pattern
#17
Marcel Marchiori Farret
This manuscript describes the treatment of a 27-year-old patient who was previously treated with two maxillary first premolar extractions. The patient had skeletal Class III malocclusion, Class III canine relationship, anterior crossbite, and a concave profile. As the patient refused orthognathic surgery, a miniplate was used on the right side of the lower arch as an anchorage unit after the extraction of mandibular first premolars, aiding the retraction of anterior teeth. At the end of treatment, anterior crossbite was corrected, in which first molars and canines were in a Class I relationship, and an excellent intercuspation was reached...
June 2016: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27365684/secondary-and-delayed-bone-grafting-in-alveolar-and-anterior-palatal-clefts
#18
S K Roy Chowdhury, P S Menon, M R Vasant, B Jayan, R K Dhiman, S Karkun
BACKGROUND: Surgical repair with suitable bone graft / substitutes plays an important role in rehabilitation of individuals with residual anterior palatal or alveolar defects associated with an oronasal fistula. METHODS: 52 cases were treated by secondary or delayed bone grafting of the alveolar defects in isolation or associated with defects of the anterior palate from July 2002 - Nov 2004. Dimension and the extent of the defects were assessed with the help of radiographs & maxillofacial CT...
July 2006: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27275622/angle-class-i-malocclusion-with-anterior-negative-overjet
#19
Paulo Ávila de Souza
This clinical case report describes the orthodontic treatment of an 8-year and 9-month old female patient with Angle Class I malocclusion, anterior crossbite and canine Class III relationship. Orthodontic treatment was carried out in two stages. The first one was orthopedic, while the second one included the use of a fixed appliance and the need for space gain for reshaping of maxillary lateral incisors. The two-stage treatment combined with multidisciplinary Restorative Cosmetic Dentistry allowed excellent esthetic and functional outcomes to be achieved...
March 2016: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27177906/computerized-analysis-of-the-greater-palatine-foramen-to-gain-the-palatine-neurovascular-bundle-during-palatal-surgery
#20
Pınar Cagimni, Figen Govsa, Mehmet Asim Ozer, Zuhal Kazak
OBJECTIVE: Investigation of the computerized dimensional anatomic location of the greater palatine foramen (GPF) and lesser palatine foramens (LPF) is important indicating site to collect palatal donor tissue, reconstructioning the orofacial area of the oncology patient and applying the greater palatine nerve block anesthesia. The aim of this study is to determine a patient-friendly landmark and to specify the precise location of the GPF in order to standardise certain anatomical marks of safe neurovascular bundle...
February 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
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