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Dentofacial orthopedics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902256/class-ii-division-2-subdivision-left-malocclusion-associated-with-anterior-deep-overbite-in-an-adult-patient-with-temporomandibular-disorder
#1
Ivan Toshio Maruo
The orthodontic treatment of patients with chief complaint of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) presents doubtful prognosis, due to the poor correlation between malocclusions and TMDs. The present case report describes the treatment of an adult patient with Angle Class II Division 2 subdivision left malocclusion associated with anterior deep overbite and TMD. This case was presented to the Brazilian Board of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics (BBO), as part of the requirements to obtain the title of BBO Diplomate...
July 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838757/a-genetic-heritage-the-same-yet-different-a-comparative-study-in-twins
#2
Catherine Mas, Laure Frapier
Since the 19th century, and in every field of medicine, monozygotic twins have been studied to assess the involvement of genetic and environmental factors in phenotypic expression. The phenotype/genotype relationship remains the leading problem in contemporary biology. In dentofacial orthopedics, this relationship is of relevance in the three-dimensional approach to the face, in both diagnosis and treatment. The present study of two monozygotic twins presenting skeletal class III malocclusions which were genetic yet different is a clear illustration of the interaction of genotype and epigenetic factors with environmental influences...
August 21, 2017: International Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658899/correlation-between-maxillary-canine-calcification-and-skeletal-maturation
#3
Sushil Kumar, Abhishek Singha Roy, Ankit Garg, Saeed Bin Hamid, Sumit Tyagi, Atish Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Skeletal maturation assessment has a great role in many health professions especially in Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. Functional appliances have proved to be more effective when used at the peak of mandibular growth, rather than before. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the calcification stages of permanent maxillary canine are useful to assess skeletal maturity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, samples were derived from panoramic radiographs and lateral cephalograms of 300 subjects (137 males and 163 females) with their age ranging from 9 to 18 years...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658362/agenesis-of-mandibular-second-premolar-in-patient-with-dental-bimaxillary-protrusion
#4
Carlos Alberto Estevanell Tavares
The present study reports the treatment carried out in a patient with mandibular second premolar agenesis associated with early loss of a deciduous second molar, deep overbite, severe overjet and dentoalveolar bimaxillary protrusion, which led to lip incompetence and a convex facial profile. The main objectives of this treatment were: to eliminate the spaces in mandibular arch, correct overbite, as well as eliminate bimaxillary protrusion and lip incompetence, thus leading to a balanced profile. The case was presented to the Brazilian Board of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics (BBO) as part of the requirements to obtain the title of BBO diplomate...
March 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643927/co2-low-level-laser-therapy-has-an-early-but-not-delayed-pain-effect-during-experimental-tooth-movement
#5
T Deguchi, D G Kim, H Kamioka
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that the use of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) reduces elevated pain by controlling the release of neurochemicals during orthodontic tooth movement. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Okayama University. Sixty-five Sprague Dawley rats were subjected to tooth movement and LLLT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult Sprague Dawley rats were used in this study. Groups included day 0 controls, irradiation only controls and with or without irradiation sacrificed at 1, 3, 5, 7 and 14 days after tooth movement (n=5 each, total n=65)...
June 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540615/clinical-evaluation-of-marketed-orthodontic-products-are-researchers-behind-the-times-a-meta-epidemiological-study
#6
Jadbinder Seehra, Nikolaos Pandis, Padhraig S Fleming
BACKGROUND: The role of marketing and industry in the treatment decisions of orthodontists has received increasing attention in recent years with clinical research typically undertaken subsequent to established use of these devices and often failing to confirm the promise of manufacturers' claims. This meta-epidemiological study was undertaken to assess the proportion of clinical trials in orthodontics evaluating commercially marketed products and to evaluate the direction of the results of these studies...
December 2017: Progress in Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511506/an-assessment-of-correlation-between-dermatoglyphic-patterns-and-sagittal-skeletal-discrepancies
#7
Susha Miriam George, Biju Philip, Deepika Madathody, Manu Mathew, Jose Paul, Johnson Prakash Dlima
INTRODUCTION: Investigators over years have been fascinated by dermatoglyphic patterns which has led to the development of dermatoglyphics as a science with numerous applications in various fields other than being the best and most widely used method for personal identification. AIM: To assess the correlation between dermatoglyphic patterns and sagittal skeletal discrepancies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 180 patients, aged 18-40 years, were selected from those who attended the outpatient clinic of the Deparment of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Mar Baselios Dental College, Kothamangalam, Kerala, India...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444016/frictionless-segmented-mechanics-for-controlled-space-closure
#8
Ildeu Andrade
Extraction spaces may be needed to achieve specific orthodontic goals of positioning the dentition in harmony with the craniofacial complex. However, the fundamental reality that determines the occlusion final position is the control exerted by the orthodontist while closing the extraction spaces. A specific treatment objective may require the posterior teeth to remain in a constant position anteroposteriorly as well as vertically, while the anterior teeth occupy the entire extraction site. Another treatment objective may require the opposite, or any number of intentional alternatives of extraction site closure...
February 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901236/class-iii-malocclusion-with-maxillary-deficiency-mandibular-prognathism-and-facial-asymmetry
#9
Guilherme de Araújo Almeida
This article reports the clinical case of a female patient with history of unsuccessful orthodontic treatment. She presented with Class III malocclusion, mandibular and maxillary constriction, anterior crossbite and facial asymmetry resulting from laterognathism triggered by hyperactivity of the condyle revealed by vertical elongation of the right mandibular ramus. Patient's treatment consisted of orthodontic mechanics and two orthognathic surgical interventions with satisfactory and stable outcomes. This case was presented to the Brazilian Board of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics (BBO), as part of the requirements for obtaining the BBO Diplomate title...
September 2016: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783198/computer-guided-technique-evaluation-of-the-bony-palate-for-planning-individual-implant-placement
#10
Pinar Cagimni, Figen Govsa, Mehmet Asim Ozer, Zuhal Kazak
OBJECTIVE: Different clinical problems may require a surgical approach to the dental arch, such as dentofacial orthopedics, implant-supported dental prothesis, maxillary orthodontics protraction, removable appliances, and posttraumatic dental reconstruction. The aim of this study is to analyze the dental arch size and type for supporting individual dental protheses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, the reference measurements on the length of the bony palate, maxillary intercanine width, maxillary intermolar width, and the ratio of the maxillary to the palatinal surface were studied in 120 bony palates using a computer software program...
October 25, 2016: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27409659/orthodontic-retreatment-using-anchorage-with-miniplate-to-camouflage-a-class-iii-skeletal-pattern
#11
Marcel Marchiori Farret
This manuscript describes the treatment of a 27-year-old patient who was previously treated with two maxillary first premolar extractions. The patient had skeletal Class III malocclusion, Class III canine relationship, anterior crossbite, and a concave profile. As the patient refused orthognathic surgery, a miniplate was used on the right side of the lower arch as an anchorage unit after the extraction of mandibular first premolars, aiding the retraction of anterior teeth. At the end of treatment, anterior crossbite was corrected, in which first molars and canines were in a Class I relationship, and an excellent intercuspation was reached...
June 2016: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27365684/secondary-and-delayed-bone-grafting-in-alveolar-and-anterior-palatal-clefts
#12
S K Roy Chowdhury, P S Menon, M R Vasant, B Jayan, R K Dhiman, S Karkun
BACKGROUND: Surgical repair with suitable bone graft / substitutes plays an important role in rehabilitation of individuals with residual anterior palatal or alveolar defects associated with an oronasal fistula. METHODS: 52 cases were treated by secondary or delayed bone grafting of the alveolar defects in isolation or associated with defects of the anterior palate from July 2002 - Nov 2004. Dimension and the extent of the defects were assessed with the help of radiographs & maxillofacial CT...
July 2006: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27275622/angle-class-i-malocclusion-with-anterior-negative-overjet
#13
Paulo Ávila de Souza
This clinical case report describes the orthodontic treatment of an 8-year and 9-month old female patient with Angle Class I malocclusion, anterior crossbite and canine Class III relationship. Orthodontic treatment was carried out in two stages. The first one was orthopedic, while the second one included the use of a fixed appliance and the need for space gain for reshaping of maxillary lateral incisors. The two-stage treatment combined with multidisciplinary Restorative Cosmetic Dentistry allowed excellent esthetic and functional outcomes to be achieved...
March 2016: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27177906/computerized-analysis-of-the-greater-palatine-foramen-to-gain-the-palatine-neurovascular-bundle-during-palatal-surgery
#14
Pınar Cagimni, Figen Govsa, Mehmet Asim Ozer, Zuhal Kazak
OBJECTIVE: Investigation of the computerized dimensional anatomic location of the greater palatine foramen (GPF) and lesser palatine foramens (LPF) is important indicating site to collect palatal donor tissue, reconstructioning the orofacial area of the oncology patient and applying the greater palatine nerve block anesthesia. The aim of this study is to determine a patient-friendly landmark and to specify the precise location of the GPF in order to standardise certain anatomical marks of safe neurovascular bundle...
February 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27150304/presurgical-dentofacial-orthopedic-management-of-the-cleft-patient
#15
REVIEW
Kevin S Smith, Byron T Henry, Michelle A Scott
Over the last decade, presurgical orthopedic molding for the patient with cleft lip and palate has become much more common; it is even reasonable to assume it may be the standard of care for those wide unilateral and bilateral clefts with substantial dentofacial deformities. In 2013, there was a comparative study of nasoalveolar molding methods, comparing the Grayson-NAM device and DynaCleft. The results showed the 2 to be equivocal with both methods significantly reducing the cleft width and improving the nasal asymmetry...
May 2016: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27083230/-is-there-interference-between-the-manducatory-apparatus-and-the-postural-system
#16
Michel Marignan
Posturology is a specific area of theoretical and clinical physiology applicable in numerous fields of medicine and related disciplines and aims at studying the standing position and related dysfunctions. This functional medical approach offers a range of powerful multiprofessional diagnostic and therapeutic tools based on position-related neurophysiology and human movement in the management of a large number of pathologies. As posturologists, we frequently encounter disorders of the standing position due to one or several manducatory dysfunctions...
March 2016: L' Orthodontie Française
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27068159/are-dental-researchers-asking-patient-important-questions-a-scoping-review
#17
REVIEW
Padhraig S Fleming, Despina Koletsi, Kevin O'Brien, Aliki Tsichlaki, Nikolaos Pandis
OBJECTIVES: There is an increasing recognition that research outcomes should resonate with patients rather than fixating on technical aspects of interventions. We aimed to assess the nature of outcomes within a representative subset of clinical trials published in leading dental journals. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials published over a 3-year period up to December 31st, 2015 were identified in eight leading general and specialty dental journals: Journal of Dental Research, Journal of Dentistry, American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Pediatric Dentistry, International Journal of Prosthodontics, Journal of Endodontics, International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Journal of Clinical Periodontology...
June 2016: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27007768/class-ii-division-1-angle-malocclusion-with-severe-proclination-of-maxillary-incisors
#18
Kátia Montanha
Protrusion of maxillary incisors is a common complaint among patients seeking orthodontic treatment. This report addresses the correction of Class II Angle malocclusion with excessively bucally proclined maxillary incisors, in an adolescent female patient, through the use of extraoral and fixed appliances. This case was presented to the Brazilian Board of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics (BBO) as part of the requirements for obtaining the title of certified by the BBO.
January 2016: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26730181/effect-of-caffeic-acid-phenethyl-ester-on-bone-formation-in-the-expanded-inter-premaxillary-suture
#19
Hakki Oguz Kazancioglu, Sertac Aksakalli, Seref Ezirganli, Muhammet Birlik, Mukaddes Esrefoglu, Ahmet Hüseyin Acar
BACKGROUND: Narrow maxilla is a common problem in orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics. To solve this problem, a procedure called rapid maxillary expansion (RME) has been used. However, relapse tendency is a major problem of RME. Although relapse tendency is not clearly understood, various treatment procedures and new applications have been investigated. The present study aimed to investigate the possible effectiveness of caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) on new bone formation in rat midpalatal suture after RME...
2015: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26691976/early-treatment-of-patient-with-class-iii-skeletal-and-dental-patterns
#20
Marcos Alan Vieira Bittencourt
Class III skeletal pattern is characterized by disharmony between maxillary and mandibular basal bones anteroposteriorly, and might or might not be associated with dental changes. In general, facial esthetics is hindered significantly, which most of times is the reason why patients or patient's guardians seek treatment. This case was presented to the Brazilian Board of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics (BBO) in partial fulfillment of the requirements for Diplomate recertification and revalidation.
November 2015: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
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