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Self ligation

Chuangang Fu, Zhuqing Zhou, Junyi Han, Bin Lu, Wei Gao, Zhe Zhu, Qixin Jiang, Fang Ji, Tao Du
OBJECTIVE: To introduce the use of a self-made specimen protective sleeve in laparoscopic resection for upper or mid rectal cancer and sigmoid colon cancer with transrectal specimen extraction surgery and the improvement of implantation method, so as to avoid and reduce bacterial contamination and tumor cell dissemination in abdominal cavity. METHODS: During June 2015 and May 2017, 48 cases of high located rectal or sigmoid colon cancer were operated laparoscopically with natural orifices specimen extraction surgery (NOSES) using a self-made specimen protecting sleeve...
October 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Eleanor F Banwell, Bernard M A G Piette, Anne Taormina, Jonathan G Heddle
Even the simplest organisms are too complex to have spontaneously arisen fully-formed, yet precursors to first life must have emerged ab initio from their environment. A watershed event was the appearance of the first entity capable of evolution: the Initial Darwinian Ancestor. Here we suggest that nucleopeptide reciprocal replicators could have carried out this important role and contend that this is the simplest way to explain extant replication systems in a mathematically consistent way. We propose short nucleic- acid templates on which amino-acylated adapters assembled...
November 8, 2017: Molecular Biology and Evolution
Hangxiang Wang, Jianmei Chen, Chang Xu, Linlin Shi, Munire Tayier, Jiahui Zhou, Jun Zhang, Jiaping Wu, Zhijian Ye, Tao Fang, Weidong Han
Combination therapy using distinct mode-of-action drugs has sparked a rapidly growing interest because this paradigm holds promise for improving the therapeutic efficacy of anticancer therapy. However, the current drug combination therapy refers to administering individual drugs together, which is far from a perfect regimen for cancer patients. The aim of this work was to demonstrate that synergistic delivery of two chemotherapeutic drugs in a single nanoparticle reservoir could be achieved through the rational chemical ligation of the drugs followed by supramolecular nano-assembly via blending of the drugs with a minimal amount of matrix...
2017: Theranostics
Irfan Qamruddin, Mohammad Khursheed Alam, Verda Mahroof, Mubassar Fida, Mohd Fadhli Khamis, Adam Husein
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of low-level laser irradiation applied at 3-week intervals on orthodontic tooth movement and pain associated with orthodontic tooth movement using self-ligating brackets. METHODS: Twenty-two patients (11 male, 11 female; mean age, 19.8 ± 3.1 years) with Angle Class II Division 1 malocclusion were recruited for this split-mouth clinical trial; they required extraction of maxillary first premolars bilaterally...
November 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Xianrui Yang, Chaoran Xue, Yiruo He, Mengyuan Zhao, Mengqi Luo, Peiqi Wang, Ding Bai
OBJECTIVE: Self-ligating brackets (SLBs) were compared to conventional brackets (CBs) regarding their effectiveness on transversal changes and space closure, as well as the efficiency of alignment and treatment time. METHODS: All previously published randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTs) dealing with SLBs and CBs were searched via electronic databases, e.g., MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EMBASE, World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
Staroseletz Yaroslav, Sergey Nechaev, Elena Bichenkova, Richard A Bryce, Catherine Watson, Valentin Vlassov, Marina Zenkova
BACKGROUND: While the RNA world hypothesis is widely accepted, it is still far from complete: the existence of self-replicating ribozyme, consisting of potentially hundreds of nucleotides, is a core assumption for the majority of RNA world models. The appearance of such long RNA molecules under prebiotic conditions is not self-evident. Recombination seems to be a plausible way of creating RNA diversity, resulting in the appearance of functional RNAs, capable of self-replicating. METHODS: We report here on the study of recombination process modelled with two 96 nts RNA fragments...
October 30, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
J M Kröpfl, C M Spengler, A Frobert, G Ajalbert, M N Giraud
Due to the importance of peripheral blood hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HPCs) in post-acute regeneration after acute myocardial infarction (MI), the present study aimed to investigate count and secondary replating capacity/self-renewal ability of HPCs in peripheral blood before and two weeks after MI. In nine female Lewis inbred rats (n = 9), myocardial infarction was induced by ligation of the left coronary artery while another nine had surgery without ligation for control purposes. Myocardial infarction was confirmed by troponin I concentrations 24 h after MI...
November 2, 2017: Experimental Physiology
Victor Yin, Gary S Shaw, Lars Konermann
In addition to serving as respiratory electron shuttle, ferri-cytochrome c (cyt c) acts as a peroxidase; i.e., it catalyzes the oxidation of organic substrates by H2O2. This peroxidase function plays a key role during apoptosis. Typical peroxidases have a five-coordinate heme with a vacant distal coordination site that permits the iron center to interact with H2O2. In contrast, native cyt c is six-coordinate, as the distal coordination site is occupied by Met80. It thus seems counterintuitive that native cyt c would exhibit peroxidase activity...
November 8, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Ana Zilda Nazar Bergamo, Paulo Nelson-Filho, Cássio do Nascimento, Renato Corrêa Viana Casarin, Márcio Zaffalon Casati, Marcela Cristina Damião Andrucioli, Érika Calvano Kuchler, Daniele Lucca Longo, Léa Assed Bezerra da Silva, Mírian Aiko Nakane Matsumoto
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between bracket design and ratio of five proinflammatory cytokine, in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF), and bacterial adhesion without tooth movement influence. DESIGN: The sample was comprised of 20 participants, aged 11 to 15 years old (mean age: 13.3 years±1.03). A conventional Gemini™ metallic bracket and two self-ligating brackets, In-Ovation(®)R and SmartClip™, were bonded to the maxillary incisors and canines...
September 25, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
Jin-Sook Park, Hyo-Sun Choi, So-Yeon Yim, Sun-Mee Lee
Mitochondrial dysfunction is involved in the pathogenesis of sepsis-induced multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). Mitochondrial quality control (QC) is characterized by self-recovering mitochondrial damage through mitochondrial biogenesis, mitophagy, and fission/fusion. Heme oxygenase (HO)-1 acts as a signaling molecule to modulate inflammation. The present study elucidated the cytoprotective mechanisms of HO-1 in sepsis, particularly focusing on toll-like receptor (TLR)4-mediated mitochondrial QC. Mice were subjected to sepsis by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)...
October 12, 2017: Shock
Wan-Xiang Xu, Jian Wang, Hai-Ping Tang, Ling-Han Chen, Wen-Bo Lian, Jian-Min Zhan, Satish K Gupta, Chao-Neng Ji, Shao-Hua Gu, Yi Xie
There is a need to develop better methods for epitope mapping and/or identification of antibody-recognizing motifs. Here, we describe improved biosynthetic peptide (BSP) method using a newly developed plasmid pXXGST-3 as vector, which has a viral E7 gene in the cloning sites of pXXGST-1. It is crucial to employ pXXGST-3 instead of pXXGST-1, since it makes use of the BSP method simpler and easier to perform, and more cost-effective for epitope mapping. These merits are embodied in two aspects: i) convenient recovery of double enzyme-digested product due to the existence of 315 bp inserted between BamH I and Sal I sites, and thus greatly reducing the production of self-ligation clones, and ii) no longer requiring control protein when screening recombinant (r-) clones expressing 8/18mer peptides by running polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis...
2017: PloS One
Steffen Stein, Andreas Hellak, Michael Schauseil, Heike Korbmacher-Steiner, Andreas Braun
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to measure the effect of irradiation with a novel 445-nm diode laser on the shear bond strength (SBS) of ceramic brackets before debonding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty ceramic brackets (In-Ovation(®) C, GAC) were bonded in standard manner to the planed and polished buccal enamel surfaces of 30 caries-free human third molars. Each tooth was randomly allocated to the laser or control group, with 15 samples per group. The brackets in the laser group were irradiated with the diode laser (SIROLaser Blue(®); Sirona) on three sides of the bracket bases for 5 sec each (lateral-coronal-lateral, a total of 15 sec) immediately before debonding...
October 10, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
Nisha Dhar, Marc S Weinberg, Richard E Michod, Pierre M Durand
In the RNA world hypothesis complex, self-replicating ribozymes were essential. For the emergence of an RNA world, less is known about the early processes that accounted for the formation of complex, long catalysts from small passively formed molecules. The functional role of small sequences has not been fully explored and, here, a possible role for smaller ligases is demonstrated. An established RNA polymerase model, the R18, was truncated from the 3' end to generate smaller molecules. All the molecules were investigated for self-ligation functions with a set of oligonucleotide substrates without predesigned base pairing...
September 2017: Royal Society Open Science
Elizabeth Elacqua, Xiaolong Zheng, Cicely Shillingford, Mingzhu Liu, Marcus Weck
Colloidal self-assembly is a bottom-up technique to fabricate functional nanomaterials, with paramount interest stemming from programmable assembly of smaller building blocks into dynamic crystalline domains and photonic materials. Multiple established colloidal platforms feature diverse shapes and bonding interactions, while achieving specific orientations along with short- and long-range order. A major impediment to their universal use as building blocks for predesigned architectures is the inability to precisely dictate and control particle functionalization and concomitant reversible self-assembly...
October 6, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
Palani Elumalai, Neha Kaushik, Dong Hwan Kim, Hyunuk Kim, Su Jae Lee, Eun Ha Choi, Ki-Whan Chi, Nagendra Kumar Kaushik
The tumorigenic potentials of residual cancer stem-like cells within tumors represent limitations of current cancer therapies. Here, the authors describe the effects of synthesized flexible, ligated, supramolecular self-assembled chair type tetranuclear ruthenium (II) metallacycles (2-5) on glioblastoma and glioma stem like cells. These self-assemblies were observed to be selectively toxic to glioma cells and CD133-positive glioma stem like cells population. Of the self-assembled compounds tested, metallacycle 4 more efficiently induced glioma stem like cells death within a brain cancer cell population and simultaneously inhibited the formation of free-floating gliospheres by reducing the sphere size...
September 1, 2017: Oncotarget
Xiang-Yuan Zhang, Chao He, Bing-Yu Ye, De-Jian Xie, Ming-Lei Shi, Yan Zhang, Wen-Long Shen, Ping Li, Zhi-Hu Zhao
Highest-throughput chromosome conformation capture (Hi-C) is one of the key assays for genome- wide chromatin interaction studies. It is a time-consuming process that involves many steps and many different kinds of reagents, consumables, and equipments. At present, the reproducibility is unsatisfactory. By optimizing the key steps of the Hi-C experiment, such as crosslinking, pretreatment of digestion, inactivation of restriction enzyme, and in situ ligation etc., we established a robust Hi-C procedure and prepared two biological replicates of Hi-C libraries from the GM12878 cells...
September 20, 2017: Yi Chuan, Hereditas
Rogerio Amaral Tupinambá, Cristiane Aparecida de Assis Claro, Cristiane Aparecida Pereira, Celestino José Prudente Nobrega, Ana Paula Rosifini Alves Claro
Introduction: Plasma-polymerized film deposition was created to modify metallic orthodontic brackets surface properties in order to inhibit bacterial adhesion. Methods: Hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDSO) polymer films were deposited on conventional (n = 10) and self-ligating (n = 10) stainless steel orthodontic brackets using the Plasma-Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition (PECVD) radio frequency technique. The samples were divided into two groups according to the kind of bracket and two subgroups after surface treatment...
July 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
Jing-Yun Wu, Ming-Shiou Zhong, Ming-Hsi Chiang
Self-assembly of Cu(NO3 )2 ⋅3 H2 O and di(3-pyridylmethyl)amine (dpma) with addition of different acids (HNO3 , HOAc, HCl, HClO4 , HOTf, HPF6 , HBF4 , and H2 SO4 ) afforded a family of anion-templated tetragonal metallocages with a cationic prismatic structure of [(G(n-) )⊂{Cu2 (Hdpma)4 }]((8-n)+) (G(n-) =NO3(-) , PF6(-) , SiF6(2-) ) with different ligating anions/solvents (NO3(-) , Cl(-) , ClO4(-) , OTf(-) , H2 O) outside the cage. Systematic competitive experiments have rationalized the tendency of anion templation towards the formation of metallocages [(G(n-) )⊂{Cu2 (Hdpma)4 }]((8-n)+) as occurring in the order SiF6(2-) ≈PF6(-) >NO3(-) >SO4(2-) ≈ClO4(-) ≈BF4(-) ...
September 12, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Marco Portelli, Angela Militi, Gabriele Cervino, Floriana Lauritano, Sergio Sambataro, Alberto Mainardi, Riccardo Nucera
OBJECTIVE: Oxidative stress is a pathologic event induced by a prevalence of oxidant agents on the antioxidant ones, with a consequent alteration of oxide-reducing balance. INTRODUCTION: Freeradicals produce damages both in cellular and extra-cellular components; phospholipid membranes, proteins, mitochondrial and nuclear DNA, are the target of the oxidative stress, that can finally cause cellular death due to apoptosis. MATERIALS & METHODS: Orthodontic appliances such as brackets, wires, resins and soldering have some components that can be considered as potential allergen, carcinogenic, cytotoxic and gene mutation factors...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
Eline Bartolami, Jérémie Knoops, Yannick Bessin, Mathieu Fossépré, Joseph Chamieh, Pascal Dumy, Mathieu Surin, Sébastien Ulrich
The designed arrangement of biomolecular entities within monodisperse nanostructures is an important challenge toward functional biomaterials. We report herein a method for the formation of water-soluble peptide-based cages using orthogonal ligation reactions-acylhydrazone condensation and thiol-maleimide addition. The results show that using preorganized cyclic peptides and heterobifunctional spacers as building blocks and a set of orthogonal and chemoselective ligation reactions enable cage formation in one pot from six components and through eight reactions...
October 12, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
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