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Orthopedics facial

Marília Gabriela Mendes de Alencar, Manoela Moura De Bortoli, Thiago Coelho Gomes da Silva, Emanuel Dias de Oliveira E Silva, José Rodrigues Laureano Filho
The mandibular fracture is one of the most commonly fractures of the facial bones. In high-energy traumas, a comminuted mandible fracture may occur. The closed reduction with external fixator is an interesting alternative for these types of fractures. The aim of this article is to report the case of a patient with comminuted fracture in the right mandibular body, whose surgical treatment was the noninvasive reduction of fracture and stabilization using a Colles' wrist external fixator. After 1 year of follow-up, the patient is without complaints, with satisfactory dental occlusion, adequate contour, and mandibular alignment...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Supakit Peanchitlertkajorn, Ana Mercado, John Daskalogiannakis, Ronald Hathaway, Kathleen Russell, Gunvor Semb, William Shaw, Manish Lamichane, Marilyn Cohen, Ross E Long
OBJECTIVE: To compare nasolabial appearance outcomes of patients with complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (CUCLP) in preadolescence from 4 cleft centers including a center using nasoalveolar molding (NAM) and primary nasal reconstruction. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Four cleft centers in North America. PATIENTS: 135 subjects with repaired CUCLP. METHODS: Frontal and profile facial pictures were assessed using the Asher-McDade rating scale...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Gaetano Ierardo, Valeria Luzzi, Iole Vozza, Antonella Polimeni, Maurizio Bossù
BACKGROUND: Reverse headgear (a facial mask) is one of the most frequently used interceptive orthodontic devices in patients with Class III malocclusion. It is a simple device but may present some drawbacks related to pressure on the skin generated by the forehead and chin supports linked to the maxillary intraoral appliance by elastics. This can cause injury to the chin and lips. METHODS: Patients between 7 and 8 years of age were selected from the Unit of Pediatric Dentistry...
April 2018: Minerva Stomatologica
Daniela Garib, Marília Yatabe, Renato André de Souza Faco, Leonardo Gregório, Lucia Cevidanes, Hugo de Clerck
Sagittal maxillary deficiency is frequently observed in patients with operated unilateral complete cleft of the lip and palate. Treatment for moderate to severe Class III malocclusion usually relies on LeFort I surgery for maxillary advancement after the end of growth. This case report describes bone-anchored maxillary protraction in a 10-year-old white boy with unilateral complete cleft of the lip and palate. His interarch relationship was diagnosed as GOSLON index 5 before treatment with a negative overjet of 3...
February 2018: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Peter Bangsgaard Stoustrup, Nicole Ahlefeldt-Laurvig-Lehn, Kasper Dahl Kristensen, Linda Z Arvidsson, Marinka Twilt, Paolo M Cattaneo, Annelise Küseler, Anne Estmann Christensen, Troels Herlin, Thomas Klit Pedersen
INTRODUCTION: Dentofacial asymmetries are often observed in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) involvements. The aim of this split-face study was to associate types of radiologic TMJ abnormalities with the degree of dentofacial asymmetry in patients with unilateral TMJ involvements assessed with cone-beam computed tomography. METHODS: Forty-seven JIA patients and 19 nonarthritic control subjects were included in the study...
February 2018: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Marc O'Donnell, William F Lavelle, Mike H Sun
Spondylolysis is frequently seen in adolescents, typically at the L5 vertebral level. While there may be a congenital predisposition for spondylolysis, it has long been suggested that the defect results from a fatigue or stress fracture of the pars interarticularis. Spondylolisthesis may result from a bilateral spondylolytic defect and is frequently asymptomatic. There is a paucity of literature on infant and toddler spondylolysis, as the focus is primarily on school-aged children, typically those over ten years of age...
December 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
Itai Gross, Daniel J Weiss, Elior Eliasi, Miklosh Bala, Saar Hashavya
BACKGROUND: Electric bike (e-bike) usage is growing worldwide, and so is the e-bike-related injury rate. OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to characterize e-bike-related injuries. METHODS: Data of all e-bike-related injuries presenting to our level I trauma center between 2014 and 2016 were collected and analyzed. Adult and pediatric (<18 years of age) e-bike-related injuries were then analyzed separately and compared. RESULTS: Forty-eight patients suffering from e-bike-related injuries presented to our trauma center between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2016...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Josué Hernando, Antonio Aguilar-Salvatierra, Ignacio Osoitz Leizaola-Cardesa, Pedro Martínez Seijas, Pablo Aguirre-Echebarria, Javier Martín, Gerardo Gómez-Moreno
BACKGROUND: Osteomas are infrequent benign bone tumors of uncertain etiology. They are usually situated at extremities and their occurrence in the jaws is relatively rare. There are 3 types of osteoma: central, peripheral, and extraskeletal. Preoperative presumptive diagnosis is performed by means of radiography using orthopantomographs, computerized tomographs, or cone beam scans. Treatment is surgical and consists of careful exeresis and curettage of the adjacent tissue. In recent years, piezoelectric surgery has been used to treat bone pathologies in the maxillofacial area, orthopedic surgery, and neurosurgery...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Tuna Pehlivanoğlu, Mehmet Demirel, Yavuz Sağlam, Halil İbrahim Balci, Hayati Durmaz
INTRODUCTION: The rare Nievergelt syndrome (NS) is the most severe form of mesomelic dysplasia and is characterized by disproportionate shortness of the limbs. The aim of this case report was to describe the clinical and radiological features of a rare case of NS. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Here we describe a female patient originally presenting with bilateral hand, lower leg, and foot deformities at the age of 10 years old. In addition to the characteristic features of NS, this patient presented with finger-like projections on her heels, bilateral hand anomalies, and atypical facial features...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Y Rajmohan Shetty, Anisha Keshan, Amitha M Hegde, Manju R, Ashutosh Shetty
Anterior open bite (AOB) is one of the most difficult malocclusions to treat and maintain in orthodontics. Malocclusion occurs more frequently in children with disabilities than in healthy children. Surgical correction of severe AOB often requires maxillary impaction to reduce the anterior facial height. The zygomatic buttress area could be a valuable anchorage site to achieve intrusion of maxillary posterior teeth. A 16-year-old boy with mental retardation showing signs of persistence of infantile behavior, decreased cognitive functioning, and psychomotor skill deficits (no identified syndrome) with an AOB was treated by intrusion of maxillary posterior teeth using I-shaped multipurpose titanium miniplate (SK Surgicals, India)...
November 23, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
Gustavo Tirado Rodrigues
Obtaining long term stability allied to functional and aesthetic balance is the main goal of any orthodontic-orthopedic therapy. This case report describes the orthodontic therapy applied to a 7-year-9-month old child, who presented a Class II, division 1 malocclusion associated to skeletal open bite. Functional and skeletal corrections (sagittally and vertically) were obtained by means of mandible advancement achieved with a closed Balter's bionator appliance followed by a fixed appliance. This approach showed to be efficient in accomplishing both functional and aesthetic goals, that were kept stable five years after the treatment was finished...
September 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
Abdelali Halimi, Hicham Benyahia, Mohamed-Faouzi Azeroual, Loubna Bahije, Fatima Zaoui
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between facial divergence and the parameters of dentomaxillary discrepancy (DMD), in particular crowding, the curve of Spee and the position of the incisors in the sagittal dimension. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 90 young adult patients was selected from among the Moroccan orthodontic population attending the dentofacial orthopedic department and satisfying the following inclusion criteria: complete permanent dentition and a skeletal class I pattern with no previous orthodontic treatment, no crossbite, no periodontal disease, no mandibular asymmetry and no condylodiscal disunion...
December 2017: International Orthodontics
Isil Aras, Sultan Olmez, Mehmet Cemal Akay, Tayfun Gunbay, Aynur Aras
Purpose: The aims of this retrospective study were to evaluate the possible changes in soft tissue facial profile induced by orthopedic rapid maxillary expansion (RME) and surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME), and to correlate them with the underlying hard tissue alterations. Materials and Methods: 16 patients who received bone borne SARME and 25 patients who were subjected to RME using metal cast splint hyrax appliance were analyzed retrospectively...
2017: Journal of Istanbul University Faculty of Dentistry
Ei Ei Hsu Hlaing, Yoshihito Ishihara, Chikako Hara, Hiroshi Kamioka
The rare developmental defect, Goldenhar syndrome is characterized by complex craniofacial and dentofacial anomalies. Here we describe the successful orthodontic treatment of a 5-year-old Japanese Goldenhar syndrome patient with mild facial asymmetry, right microtia, right-side hearing loss, and tongue-thrusting by a modification of dentofacial growth using a non-surgical orthopedic treatment approach. Improvement of the vertical discrepancies on the affected side and canted occlusal plane as well as mandibular deviation were achieved with a functional orthopaedic approach...
October 2017: Acta Medica Okayama
Ebtisam Elghblawi
The clinical application of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is based on the increase in the concentration of growth factors that are released from alpha-granule of the concentrated platelets and in the secretion of proteins which are able to capitalize on the healing process at the cellular level. It has been invented to restore the natural beauty by starting the natural rejuvenation process of the skin and aiming to make it function as a younger one and to keep the skin youthful and maintain it. Besides that, it is also emerged to include hairs as a new injectable procedure to enable stimulating hair growth locally and topically; preventing its fall; improving hair shaft, hair stem, and its caliber; increasing its shine, vitality, and pliability; and declining hair splitting and breakage...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Yoon Jeong Choi, Jeong Eun Chang, Chooryung J Chung, Ji Hyun Tahk, Kyung-Ho Kim
INTRODUCTION: We investigated the long-term success of orthopedic treatment in skeletal Class III malocclusions, established a model to predict its long-term success, and verified previously reported success rates and prediction models. METHODS: Fifty-nine patients who underwent successful facemask treatment and were followed until growth completion were evaluated. After completion of growth, the patients were divided into successful and unsuccessful groups according to overjet, overbite, and facial profile...
August 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Marcelo B P de Arruda
Angle Class III malocclusion is characterized by an anteroposterior dental discrepancy with or without anteroposterior and vertical skeletal changes. Patients usually seek orthodontic treatment because facial appearance is compromised in most cases. The present study describes the clinical case of a 12-year and 6-month-old girl in her final stage of pubertal growth presenting Class III malocclusion with anteroposterior and vertical discrepancies. Initial treatment consisted of maxillary expansion using a Hass expander followed by the use of a Petit facemask for a minimum of 16 hours a day...
May 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
Hamid Reza Hosseini, Eleftherios G Kaklamanos, Athanasios E Athanasiou
BACKGROUND: Non-syndromic clefts lip and/or palate (CL/P) defects may have manifold significant and detrimental consequences for the affected individuals and their family environment. Although the use of pre-surgical infant orthopedics (PSIO) was introduced as a means to improve management and treatment outcomes, there still remains a controversy. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of PSIO in patients with non-syndromic CL/P and evaluate the quality of the available evidence...
2017: PloS One
Frederick N Lukash, Lauren B Shikowitz-Behr, Michael Schwartz, Frank Tuminelli
In 1985 this cleft team, dissatisfied with the treatment and results from cleft lip and palate repair, began a longitudinal long-term study using dynamic maxillary orthopedics and periosteoplasty as was originally described by Drs Millard and Latham. All cases were carefully documented through adolescence, including clinical assessments, orthodontic, radiographic, and cephalometric analyses. In 1998, in this journal, we published our data on 35 complete unilateral and 10 complete bilateral cleft patients. At that time facial growth was following normal cephalometric patterns...
January 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Carlos Alberto Estevanell Tavares
The present study reports the treatment carried out in a patient with mandibular second premolar agenesis associated with early loss of a deciduous second molar, deep overbite, severe overjet and dentoalveolar bimaxillary protrusion, which led to lip incompetence and a convex facial profile. The main objectives of this treatment were: to eliminate the spaces in mandibular arch, correct overbite, as well as eliminate bimaxillary protrusion and lip incompetence, thus leading to a balanced profile. The case was presented to the Brazilian Board of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics (BBO) as part of the requirements to obtain the title of BBO diplomate...
March 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
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