keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Expansion

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549285/environmental-response-to-long-term-mariculture-activities-in-the-weihai-coastal-area-china
#1
Hongmei Li, Xiaomin Li, Qiang Li, Ying Liu, Jide Song, Yongyu Zhang
The environmental impacts of rapid expansion of mariculture have garnered worldwide attention. China is currently one of the largest countries to engage in this practice. In this study, a representative mariculture zone, the Weihai coastal area in China, was explored to determine the temporal variations in regional nutrients, N/P ratio, dissolved oxygen (DO), pH, chlorophyll a (Chl-a), and cellular abundance of diatoms and dinoflagellates in response to the rapid growth in mariculture activities between 2006 and 2014...
May 23, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549216/agglomeration-determines-effects-of-carbonaceous-nanomaterials-on-soybean-nodulation-dinitrogen-fixation-potential-and-growth-in-soil
#2
Ying Wang, Chong Hyun Chang, Zhaoxia Ji, Dermont C Bouchard, Roger M Nisbet, Joshua P Schimel, Jorge L Gardea-Torresdey, Patricia A Holden
The potential effects of carbonaceous nanomaterials (CNMs) on agricultural plants are of concern. However, little research has been performed using plants cultivated to maturity in soils contaminated with various CNMs at different concentrations. Here, we grew soybean for 39 days to seed production in soil amended with 0.1, 100, or 1000 mg kg-1 of either multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs), or carbon black (CB), and studied plant growth, nodulation, and dinitrogen (N2) fixation potential...
May 26, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549194/disentangling-timing-of-admixture-patterns-of-introgression-and-phenotypic-indicators-in-a-hybridizing-wolf-population
#3
M Galaverni, R Caniglia, L Pagani, E Fabbri, A Boattini, E Randi
Hybridization is a natural or anthropogenic process that can deeply affect the genetic make-up of populations, possibly decreasing individual fitness but sometimes favouring local adaptations. The population of Italian wolves (Canis lupus), after protracted demographic declines and isolation, is currently expanding in anthropic areas, with documented cases of hybridization with stray domestic dogs. However, identifying admixture patterns in deeply introgressed populations is far from trivial. In this study, we used a panel of 170,000 SNPs analysed with multivariate, Bayesian and local ancestry reconstruction methods to identify hybrids, estimate their ancestry proportions and timing since admixture...
May 26, 2017: Molecular Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549096/the-molecular-mechanisms-of-obesity-paradox
#4
Alexios S Antonopoulos, Dimitris Tousoulis
Clinical observations suggest a complex relationship between human obesity and cardiovascular disease. Whilst abdominal (visceral) adiposity leads to deleterious metabolic disturbances, subcutaneous fat accumulation has a benign effect on cardiometabolic risk. Notably, an accumulating body of evidence paradoxically links increased body mass index with a better prognosis in patients with established cardiovascular disease, a finding that has been termed the 'obesity paradox'. While this is now acknowledged to be an epidemiological finding, a metabolically healthy obese group associated with low cardiovascular risk has also been identified...
May 26, 2017: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549092/the-effect-of-spectacle-lenses-containing-peripheral-defocus-on-refractive-error-and-horizontal-eye-shape-in-the-guinea-pig
#5
Hannah E Bowrey, Guang Zeng, Dennis Y Tse, Amelia J Leotta, Yi Wu, Chi-Ho To, Christine F Wildsoet, Sally A McFadden
Purpose: It has been proposed that the peripheral retina, responding to local optical defocus, contributes to myopia and associated altered eye growth in humans. To test this hypothesis, we measured the changes in central (on-axis) and peripheral ocular dimensions in guinea pigs wearing a concentric bifocal spectacle lens design with power restricted to the periphery. Methods: Five groups of guinea pigs (n = 83) wore either a unifocal (UF) spectacle lens (-4, 0, or +4 Diopters [D]), or a peripheral defocus (PF) spectacle lens that had a plano center (diameter of 5 mm) with either -4 or +4 D in the surround (-4/0 or +4/0 D)...
May 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548871/genetic-diversity-and-population-structure-of-acrossocheilus-yunnanensis-teleostei-cyprinidae-inferred-from-four-mitochondrial-gene-sequences
#6
Lan-Ping Zheng, Jun-Xing Yang
In this paper, we examine the genetic diversity, population structure and demographic history of Acrossocheilus yunnanensis inferred from four mitochondrial gene sequences. Twenty-two haplotypes were identified for A. yunnanensis. The total haplotype and nucleotide diversities of A. yunnanensis are 0.9206 and 0.024654, respectively. The monophyly of the haplotypes is supported by all phylogenetic analyses. All the haplotypes can be divided into four major lineages. The results of AMOVA and SAMOVA suggest that the best grouping pattern is to divide four groups, and that most of the variation of genetic divergence is present among these groups...
May 26, 2017: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548693/hemodynamic-impact-of-the-c-pulse-cardiac-support-device-a-one-dimensional-arterial-model-study
#7
Daimé Campos Arias, Francisco Londono, Tania Rodríguez Moliner, Dimitrios Georgakopoulos, Nikos Stergiopulos, Patrick Segers
The C-Pulse is a novel extra-aortic counter-pulsation device to unload the heart in patients with heart failure. Its impact on overall hemodynamics, however, is not fully understood. In this study, the function of the C-Pulse heart assist system is implemented in a one-dimensional (1-D) model of the arterial tree, and central and peripheral pressure and flow waveforms with the C-Pulse turned on and off were simulated. The results were studied using wave intensity analysis and compared with in vivo data measured non-invasively in three patients with heart failure and with invasive data measured in a large animal (pig)...
May 26, 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548674/how-silver-segregation-stabilizes-1d-surface-gold-oxide-a-cluster-expansion-study-combined-with-ab-initio-md-simulations
#8
Sandra Hoppe, Yong Li, Lyudmila V Moskaleva, Stefan Müller
Gold has many unique properties, some of which continue to be uncovered, such as the rich chemistry of gold at the nanoscale. In this study, gold surprises us again by the unusual stability of one-dimensional gold oxide structures on the surface of gold, which enhances in the presence of silver impurities. We employ first-principles calculations to investigate the surface segregation of silver in the presence of atomic-oxygen adsorbates arranged in chains on the Au(321) surface. Such 1D oxide chains have previously been suggested as the most stable form of adsorbed oxygen on gold...
May 26, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548537/dispersive-time-delay-dynamical-systems
#9
Alexander Pimenov, Svetlana Slepneva, Guillaume Huyet, Andrei G Vladimirov
We present a theoretical approach to investigate the effect of dispersion in dynamical systems commonly described by time-delay models. The introduction of a polarization equation provides a means to introduce dispersion as a distributed delay term. The expansion of this term in power series, as usually performed to study the propagation of waves in spatially extended systems, can lead to the appearance of spurious instabilities. This approach is illustrated using a long cavity laser, where in the normal dispersion regime both the experiment and theory show a stable operation, while a modulation instability, commonly referred as the Benjamin-Feir instability, is observed in the anomalous dispersion regime...
May 12, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548502/organocatalytic-cloke-wilson-rearrangement-dabco-catalyzed-ring-expansion-of-cyclopropyl-ketones-to-2-3-dihydrofurans
#10
Jingfang Zhang, Yuhai Tang, Wen Wei, Yong Wu, Yang Li, Junjie Zhang, Yuansuo Zheng, Silong Xu
An organocatalytic Cloke-Wilson rearrangement of cyclopropyl ketones to 2,3-dihydrofurans is exploited utilizing the homoconjugate addition process. With 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane as the catalyst, the rearrangement in DMSO at 120 °C proceeded in generally high yields, exclusive regioselectivity, and a broad substrate scope. An examination of the mechanism including stereochemical analysis and intermediate isolation supports an SN1-type ring opening of the mechanism.
May 26, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548290/metacarpal-growth-during-adolescence-in-a-longitudinal-south-african-cohort
#11
A Magan, L H Nyati, L K Micklesfield, S A Norris, J M Pettifor
To monitor the drift of the periosteal and endocortical surfaces during metacarpal growth longitudinally, radiogrammetry was carried out on hand-wrist x-rays of 572 children from the Birth to Twenty Bone Health Cohort annually from ages 9-21 years. This is the largest collection of longitudinal x-rays in African children. The 2(nd) metacarpal bone length, bone width and medullary width were measured using digital vernier callipers on a total of 4730 x-rays. Superimposition by Translation and Rotation (SITAR) was used to obtain age at peak metacarpal length velocity (PLV)...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548004/reduced-cellularity-of-bone-marrow-in-multiple-sclerosis-with-decreased-msc-expansion-potential-and-premature-ageing-in-vitro
#12
Juliana Redondo, Pamela Sarkar, Kevin Kemp, Paul F Virgo, Joya Pawade, Aimie Norton, David C Emery, Martin G Guttridge, David I Marks, Alastair Wilkins, Neil J Scolding, Claire M Rice
BACKGROUND: Autologous bone-marrow-derived cells are currently employed in clinical studies of cell-based therapy in multiple sclerosis (MS) although the bone marrow microenvironment and marrow-derived cells isolated from patients with MS have not been extensively characterised. OBJECTIVES: To examine the bone marrow microenvironment and assess the proliferative potential of multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) in progressive MS. METHODS: Comparative phenotypic analysis of bone marrow and marrow-derived MSCs isolated from patients with progressive MS and control subjects was undertaken...
May 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547916/non-shivering-thermogenesis-as-a-mechanism-to-facilitate-sustainable-weight-loss
#13
REVIEW
B F Palmer, D J Clegg
Currently, there is a significant percentage of the population who are or will be classified as obese, necessitating novel strategies to facilitate sustainable weight loss. Reductions in basal metabolic rate occur in the face of weight loss and pose formidable barriers to individuals attempting to sustain meaningful weight reductions. Here, we discuss the mechanisms by which non-shivering thermogenesis may provide insight into metabolic pathways that can become druggable targets to facilitate sustainable weight loss...
May 25, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547886/the-suction-mechanism-of-the-pipid-frog-pipa-pipa-linnaeus-1758
#14
David Cundall, Edward Fernandez, Frances Irish
Most suction-feeding, aquatic vertebrates create suction by rapidly enlarging the oral cavity and pharynx. Forceful enlargement of the pharynx is powered by longitudinal muscles that retract skeletal elements of the hyoid, more caudal branchial arches, and, in many fish, the pectoral girdle. This arrangement was thought to characterize all suction-feeding vertebrates. However, it does not exist in the permanently aquatic, tongueless Pipa pipa, an Amazonian frog that can catch fish. Correlating high-speed (250 and 500 fps) video records with anatomical analysis and functional tests shows that fundamental features of tetrapod body design are altered to allow P...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Morphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547818/self-expansion-construction-of-ultralight-carbon-nanotube-aerogels-with-a-3d-and-hierarchical-cellular-structure
#15
Yufeng Luo, Shu Luo, Hengcai Wu, Mengya Li, Ke Wang, Lingjia Yan, Kaili Jiang, Qunqing Li, Shoushan Fan, Jiaping Wang
A novel and simple strategy is developed to construct ultralight and 3D pure carbon nanotube (CNT) aerogels by the spontaneous expansion of superaligned CNT films soaked in a piranha (mixed H2 SO4 and H2 O2 ) solution, followed by cryodesiccation. The macroscopic CNT aerogels have an extremely low apparent density (0.12 mg cm(-3) ), ultrahigh porosity (99.95%), high specific surface area (298 m(2) g(-1) ), and a hierarchical cellular structure with giant and ultrathin CNT sheets as cell walls. The pure CNT aerogels show high adsorption abilities for various kinds of solvents, and have great potential in widespread applications such as energy storage, catalysis, and bioengineering...
May 26, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547813/salix-arctica-changes-root-distribution-and-nutrient-uptake-in-response-to-subsurface-nutrients-in-high-arctic-deserts
#16
Amanda L Guy, Sarah P Hardy, Steven D Mamet, Mitsuaki Ota, Eric G Lamb, Steven D Siciliano
Moisture is critical for plant success in polar deserts but not by the obvious pathway of reduced water stress. We hypothesized that an indirect, nutrient-linked, pathway resulting from unique water/frozen soil interactions in polar deserts creates nutrient-rich patches critical for plant growth. These nutrient-rich patches (diapirs) form deep in high arctic polar deserts soils from water accumulating at the permafrost freezing front and ultimately rising into the upper soil horizons through cryoturbated convective landforms (frost boils)...
May 26, 2017: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547767/wet-chemical-synthesis-of-hollow-red-phosphorus-nanospheres-with-porous-shells-as-anodes-for-high-performance-lithium-ion-and-sodium-ion-batteries
#17
Jianbin Zhou, Xianyu Liu, Wenlong Cai, Yongchun Zhu, Jianwen Liang, Kailong Zhang, Yang Lan, Zhuoheng Jiang, Gongming Wang, Yitai Qian
Large-volume-expansion-induced material pulverization severely limits the electrochemical performance of red phosphorous (P) for energy-storage applications. Hollow nanospheres with porous shells are recognized as an ideal structure to resolve these issues. However, a chemical synthetic approach for preparing nanostructured red P is always of great challenge and hollow nanosphere structures of red P have not yet been fabricated. Herein, a wet solvothermal method to successfully fabricate hollow P nanospheres (HPNs) with porous shells via a gas-bubble-directed formation mechanism is developed...
May 26, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547726/stroke-induces-mesenchymal-stem-cell-migration-to-infarcted-brain-areas-via-cxcr4-and-c-met-signaling
#18
Oh Young Bang, Gyeong Joon Moon, Dong Hee Kim, Ji Hyun Lee, Sooyoon Kim, Jeong Pyo Son, Yeon Hee Cho, Won Hyuk Chang, Yun-Hee Kim
Mesenchymal stem cells circulate between organs to repair and maintain tissues. Mesenchymal stem cells cultured with fetal bovine serum have therapeutic effects when intravenously administered after stroke. However, only a small number of mesenchymal stem cells reach the brain. We hypothesized that the serum from stroke patients increases mesenchymal stem cells trophism toward the infarcted brain area. Mesenchymal stem cells were grown in fetal bovine serum, normal serum from normal rats, or stroke serum from ischemic stroke rats...
May 25, 2017: Translational Stroke Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546986/factors-affecting-the-overcrowding-in-outpatient-healthcare
#19
Mohammadkarim Bahadori, Ehsan Teymourzadeh, Ramin Ravangard, Mehdi Raadabadi
BACKGROUND: The expansion of outpatient services and the desire to provide more outpatient care than inpatient care create some problems such as the overcrowding in the outpatient clinics. Given the importance of overcrowding in the outpatient clinics, this qualitative study aimed to determine the factors influencing the overcrowding in the specialty and subspecialty clinic of a teaching hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a qualitative study conducted in the specialty and subspecialty clinic of a hospital using content analysis method in the period of January to March 2014...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546961/early-correction-of-unilateral-scissor-bite-using-transforce-appliance-and-modified-twin-block-appliance
#20
Harshal Chandorikar, Arun Nagrik, Wasundhara A Bhad, Santosh J Chavan, Umal H Doshi
Early treatment of scissor bite has been advocated mainly to prevent function jaw shift that can eventually lead to permanent skeletal asymmetry and temporomandibular joint pathosis. Although unilateral scissor bite is more common, most of the times, bilateral mandibular expansion is indicated. Lingual transforce appliance can be useful in such cases. This article presents a patient with unilateral scissor bite in mixed dentition with alveolar narrowing. Transforce appliance was used for scissor bite correction followed by modified twin block appliance for stabilization and settling of occlusion till the eruption of premolars...
April 2017: Journal of Orthodontic Science
keyword
keyword
115508
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"