keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Encephalocele

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523088/treatment-of-a-large-traumatic-encephalocele-with-titanium-mesh
#1
Alan Motta do Canto, Manuela Monteiro Pinotti, Fernando Alves Maciel, Alexandre Bossi Todeschini, Guilherme Brasileiro Aguiar, Ronaldo Rodrigues de Freitas
Encephalocele is defined as protrusion of cranial contents beyond the normal confines of the skull. Although most encephalocele cases have a congenital etiology, fractures of the skull base can cause traumatic encephalocele. In most encephalocele cases, the bone defect presents reduced dimensions and the endoscopic treatment is generally performed to reconstruct the area using mucosal and/or fat grafts. This article sought to report on a rare case of traumatic encephalocele associated with an extensive defect of the anterior skull base...
June 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499675/growth-and-psychological-development-in-postoperative-patients-with-anterior-encephaloceles
#2
Hemonta Kumar Dutta, Chow Wachana Khangkeo, Kaberi Baruah, Debasish Borbora
PURPOSE: Anterior encephaloceles are rare malformations that are frequently associated with other brain anomalies. This study evaluates the growth and psychological development of children following encephalocele repair. MATERIALS & METHODS: Growth and psychological assessment was done in 24 children with only encephalocele (group I); nine children with encephalocele and hydrocephalus (group II); seven children with encephalocele, hydrocephalus, and secondary malformations (group III); and 40 apparently healthy control subjects...
February 8, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464249/prevalence-of-neural-tube-defects-and-the-impact-of-prenatal-diagnosis-in-three-districts-of-beijing-china
#3
Lei Jin, Lei Jin, Jingru Yu, Yanjun Xu, Hui Liu, Aiguo Ren
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to explore the prevalence of neural tube defects (NTDs) in three districts of Beijing, and to evaluate the impact of prenatal diagnosis on the prevalence. METHODS: Data were collected between 2006 and 2012 from the Beijing Birth Defects Surveillance System. P13 and P28 represent the prevalence of NTDs diagnosed from 13 weeks and 28 weeks of gestation, respectively, to 7 days after delivery. Populations were classified as household (permanent) and non-household (non-permanent) because differences exist in access to health care, education, and income, among others...
May 2, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452617/intradiploic-encephalocele-of-the-primary-motor-cortex-in-an-adult-patient-electrophysiological-implications-during-surgery
#4
Luca Valci, Martina Dalolio, Dominique Kuhlen, Emanuele Pravatà, Claudio Gobbi, Michael Reinert
Encephaloceles are herniations of brain parenchyma through congenital or acquired osseous-dural defects of the skull base or cranial vault. Different types of symptoms, due to CSF fistulas, meningitis, or seizures, are often associated with this condition. The authors present a rare case of spontaneous right frontal parasagittal encephalocele in a 70-year-old man who was experiencing a spastic progressive paresis of his left lower limb. Results of routine electrophysiological workup (motor evoked potentials, somatosensory evoked potentials, and electroneuromyography), as well as those of MRI of the spinal cord, were normal...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411498/a-pilot-study-on-the-association-between-rare-earth-elements-in-maternal-hair-and-the-risk-of-neural-tube-defects-in-north-china
#5
Wenhua Huo, Yibing Zhu, Zhenjiang Li, Yiming Pang, Bin Wang, Zhiwen Li
Rare earth elements (REEs) have many applications in industry, agriculture, and medicine, resulting in occupational and environmental exposure and concerns regarding REE-associated health effects. However, few epidemiological studies have examined the adverse effects of REEs on pregnancy outcomes. Therefore, this study examined the relationship between the REE concentrations in maternal hair growing during early pregnancy and the risk of neural tube defects (NTDs) in offspring. We included 191 women with NTD-affected pregnancies (cases) and 261 women delivering healthy infants (controls)...
April 12, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398708/evidence-of-gene-gene-interactions-between-mthfd1-and-mthfr-in-relation-to-anterior-encephalocele-susceptibility-in-northeast-india
#6
Hemonta Kr Dutta, Debasish Borbora, Mauchumi Baruah, Kanwar Narain
BACKGROUND: Anterior encephalocele (AE) is a rare congenital anomaly of the central nervous system which is thought to be associated with genetic defects in folate metabolism. METHODS: This case-control study investigated the interactions of methylenetetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase 1 (MTHFD1)-1958G>A (rs2236225) and the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) - 677C>T (rs1801133) and 1298A>C (rs1801131) polymorphisms with the risk of AE in the Northeast Indian population...
April 3, 2017: Birth Defects Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374938/diagnostic-use-of-computational-retrotransposon-detection-successful-definition-of-pathogenetic-mechanism-in-a-ciliopathy-phenotype
#7
Toshiki Takenouchi, Tomu Kuchikata, Hiroshi Yoshihashi, Mineko Fujiwara, Tomoko Uehara, Sahoko Miyama, Shiro Yamada, Kenjiro Kosaki
Among more than 5,000 human monogenic disorders with known causative genes, transposable element insertion of a Long Interspersed Nuclear Element 1 (LINE1, L1) is known as the mechanistic basis in only 13 genetic conditions. Meckel-Gruber syndrome is a rare ciliopathy characterized by occipital encephalocele and cystic kidney disease. Here, we document a boy with occipital encephalocele, post-axial polydactyly, and multicystic renal disease. A medical exome analysis detected a heterozygous frameshift mutation, c...
May 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371402/mortality-in-joubert-syndrome
#8
Jennifer C Dempsey, Ian G Phelps, Ruxandra Bachmann-Gagescu, Ian A Glass, Hannah M Tully, Dan Doherty
Joubert syndrome (JS) is a rare, recessively inherited neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by a distinctive mid-hindbrain malformation. Little is known about mortality in affected individuals. Identifying the timing and causes of death will allow for development of healthcare guidelines for families and providers and, thus, help to prolong and improve the lives of patients with JS. We evaluated information on 40 deceased individuals with JS to characterize age and cause of death. We compared this population with 525 living individuals with JS to estimate associations between risk of death and extra-neurological features...
May 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349571/idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-contemporary-review-and-implications-for-the-otolaryngologist
#9
Shawn M Stevens, Habib G Rizk, Karl Golnik, Norberto Andaluz, Ravi N Samy, Ted A Meyer, Paul R Lambert
OBJECTIVES: 1) Review controversies pertaining to the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of idiopathic intracranial hypertension. 2) Discuss the evolving role of otolaryngologists in managing this disease and related disorders. DATA SOURCES: Primary literature review, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website, International Classification of Headache Disorders, Second Edition. METHODS: A comprehensive review of the primary literature was performed from 1990 to 2016 utilizing keywords idiopathic intracranial hypertension, pseudotumor cerebri, benign intracranial hypertension, spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leak, and encephalocele...
March 27, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348808/meningitis-due-to-moraxella-nonliquefaciens-in-a-paediatric-patient-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Carol Kao, Wendy Szymczak, Iona Munjal
Introduction.Moraxella nonliquefaciens is an unusual organism to be isolated from cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) and there exists only one case report of M. nonliquefaciens meningitis from a neonate. Moraxella species normally exist as part of the human upper respiratory tract flora and rarely cause invasive human disease. There are only a handful of case reports implicating the organism as a cause of endocarditis, bacteraemia, septic arthritis and endophthalmitis. Identification to the species level based on routine laboratory techniques has been challenging, with final identification often made through 16S rRNA sequencing...
February 2017: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344182/repair-of-frontoethmoidal-encephalocele-in-the-philippines-an-account-of-30-cases-between-2008-2013
#11
Amanda-Lynn Marshall, Pradeep Setty, Mark Hnatiuk, Daniel R Pieper
BACKGROUND: Frontoethmoidal encephalocele is a congenital abnormality of the anterior skull base involving herniation of cranial contents through a midline skull defect. Patency of the foramen cecum, along with other multifactorial variables, contribute to the development of frontoethmoidal encephaloceles. Due to limited resources, financial constraints, and lack of surgical expertise, repair of frontoethmoidal encephaloceles are limited in developing countries. METHODS: Between 2008-2013 an interdisciplinary team composed of neurosurgeons, craniofacial surgeons, otolaryngologists, plastic surgeons and nursing personnel, conducted surgical mission trips to Davao City in Mindanao, Philippines...
March 23, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316901/symptomatic-parietal-intradiploic-encephalocele-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#12
Chen Shi, Bruno Flores, Stephen Fisher, Samuel L Barnett
Encephalocele is a rare condition that consists of herniation of cerebral matter through openings of dura and skull. A majority of encephaloceles are congenital and manifest in childhood. We present a case of a 45-year-old man presenting with contralateral hemiparesis and found to have an extremely rare phenomenon of a symptomatic posttraumatic parietal intradiploic encephalocele (IE) manifesting 36 years following pediatric traumatic head injury. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging confirmed herniation of brain tissue into the intradiploic space...
January 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295209/a-nonsense-mutation-in-cep55-defines-a-new-locus-for-a-meckel-like-syndrome-an-autosomal-recessive-lethal-fetal-ciliopathy
#13
M-L Bondeson, K Ericson, S Gudmundsson, A Ameur, F Pontén, J Wesström, C Frykholm, M Wilbe
Mutations in genes involved in the cilium-centrosome complex are called ciliopathies. Meckel-Gruber syndrome (MKS) is a ciliopathic lethal autosomal recessive syndrome characterized by genetically and clinically heterogeneous manifestations, including renal cystic dysplasia, occipital encephalocele and polydactyly. Several genes have previously been associated with MKS and MKS-like phenotypes, but there are still genes remaining to be discovered. We have used whole-exome sequencing (WES) to uncover the genetics of a suspected autosomal recessive Meckel syndrome phenotype in a family with 2 affected fetuses...
March 14, 2017: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288478/benign-temporomandibular-joint-lesions-presenting-as-masses-in-the-external-auditory-canal
#14
Ryan A Williams, Robert K Jackler, C Eduardo Corrales
OBJECTIVE: Describe benign lesions arising from the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) that presented as masses in the external auditory canal (EAC). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series of two academic medical centers. PATIENTS: Six patients with lesions emanating from the TMJ that presented as EAC masses. Lesions included pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS), nodular fasciitis, foramen of Huschke herniation with salivary fistula, fibroepithelial polyp, superficial angiomyxoma, and giant cell tumor (GCT)...
April 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239903/subcutaneous-midline-nasal-mass-in-an-infant-due-to-an-intramuscular-lipoma
#15
Jessica Vincent, Peter Baker, Jonathan Grischkan, Esteban Fernandez Faith
Intramuscular lipomas are rare, benign, mesenchymal tumors occurring deep in the fascia, typically involving large muscle groups in adults. We report a case of an intramuscular lipoma occurring as a subcutaneous midline nasal mass in a 3-month-old infant. The differential diagnosis of a midline mass on the glabella of an infant is important and should include developmental anomalies such as nasal glioma, nasal dermoid cyst, and encephalocele, so neuroimaging is an essential first step in evaluating these lesions to exclude intracranial extension...
February 27, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217161/posttraumatic-giant-fronto-orbito-encephalocele-causing-cosmetic-disfiguring-forehead-swelling-with-proptosis-management
#16
Guru Dutta Satyarthee, Amandeep Kumar
Fracture of the anterior skull base can occur following head injury. Growing skull fracture is usually observed in children under age of 3-years. It commonly involves frontal and parietal regions. However, orbit involvement is extremely uncommon. Authors report a case of giant orbital encephalocele with a forehead disfiguring swelling in a 4-years boy, who sustained head injury about 3½ years back. However, such delayed presentation of traumatic encephalocele is extremely uncommon and represents the first case in the Western literature, who had a successful postoperative outcome...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217159/managing-tracheal-extubation-in-infants-with-stridor-and-congenital-neuraxial-anomalies
#17
Deepti Saigal, Pragati Ganjoo, Megha U Sharma, Daljit Singh
Stridor is a serious complication of congenital neuraxial anomalies, which though, can get completely resolved with early neurosurgical correction of the anomaly. However, stridor relief may or may not be achieved soon after surgery. Persistent postoperative stridor can potentially cause extubation failure that may be difficult to handle in small children. There are no extubation guidelines for difficult pediatric airways as yet, and fewer appropriate airway-assist devices for routine use. Management of an infant with occipital encephalocele, hydrocephalus and bilateral abductor vocal cord palsy, who developed post-extubation respiratory distress due to stridor is discussed, together with the relevant tracheal extubation issues in such cases...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210402/interdisciplinary-management-of-minimally-displaced-orbital-roof-fractures-delayed-pulsatile-exophthalmos-and-orbital-encephalocele
#18
Austin Y Ha, William Mangham, Sarah A Frommer, David Choi, Petra Klinge, Helena O Taylor, Adetokunbo A Oyelese, Stephen R Sullivan
Traumatic orbital roof fractures are rare and are managed nonoperatively in most cases. They are typically associated with severe mechanisms of injury and may be associated with significant neurologic or ophthalmologic compromise including traumatic brain injury and vision loss. Rarely, traumatic encephalocele or pulsatile exophthalmos may be present at the time of injury or develop in delayed fashion, necessitating close observation of these patients. In this article, we describe two patients with minimally displaced blow-in type orbital roof fractures that were later complicated by orbital encephalocele and pulsatile exophthalmos, prompting urgent surgical intervention...
March 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177882/time-trends-in-the-prevalence-and-epidemiological-characteristics-of-neural-tube-defects-in-liaoning-province-china-2006-2015-a-population-based-study
#19
Tie-Ning Zhang, Ting-Ting Gong, Yan-Ling Chen, Qi-Jun Wu, Yuan Zhang, Cheng-Zhi Jiang, Jing Li, Li-Li Li, Chen Zhou, Yan-Hong Huang
To evaluate the time trends in the prevalence of neural tube defects and all their subtypes as well as to identify the epidemiological characteristics of these malformations documented in the Liaoning Province of northeast China from 2006 to 2015. This was a population-based observational study using data from 3,248,954 live births as well as from 6217 cases of neural tube defects, 1,600 cases of anencephaly, 2,029 cases of spina bifida, 404 cases of encephalocele, and 3,008 cases of congenital hydrocephalus from 14 cities in Liaoning Province from 2006 to 2015...
March 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147383/incidence-of-secondary-hydrocephalus-after-excision-of-huge-encephaloceles-in-neonates-case-study
#20
Ehab Ahmed El Refaee, Mohamed Ibrahim Refaat, Mohamed Reda
Background Encephaloceles presents as a protrusion of the cranial contents through a defect in the cranium. The most common sites of occurrence are the occipital and frontonasal regions. The surgical outcome is reported to be satisfactory; however, the incidence of hydrocephalus in patients with encephaloceles is variable in the literature. This study investigated the relationship between the size of the encephaloceles and the occurrence of hydrocephalus. Patient and Methods Data of all neonates with encephaloceles who presented to our institution from September 2012 to September 2014 were collected...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
keyword
keyword
115499
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"