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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337587/use-of-lactic-acid-bacteria-and-yeasts-to-reduce-exposure-to-chemical-food-contaminants-and-toxicity
#1
Gabriela Matuoka Chiocchetti, Carlos Jadán-Piedra, Vicente Monedero, Manuel Zúñiga, Dinoraz Vélez, Vicenta Devesa
Chemical contaminants that are present in food pose a health problem and their levels are controlled by national and international food safety organizations. Despite increasing regulation, foods that exceed legal limits reach the market. In Europe, the number of notifications of chemical contamination due to pesticide residues, mycotoxins and metals is particularly high. Moreover, in many parts of the world, drinking water contains high levels of chemical contaminants owing to geogenic or anthropogenic causes...
January 16, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336958/prehospital-emergencies-in-illegal-gold-mining-sites-in-french-guiana
#2
Gérald Egmann, Pierre Tattevin, Renaud Palancade, Matthieu Nacher
INTRODUCTION: Illegal gold mining is flourishing in French Guiana, existing outside the law due to both the high cost of gold mining permits and the challenges of law enforcement within the Amazon forest. We report the characteristics of, and the medical responses to, medical emergencies in illegal gold mining sites. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of all medical emergencies reported from illegal gold mining sites to the centralized call office of SAMU 973 from 1998 through 2000 and from 2008 through 2010...
January 11, 2018: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336326/-current-status-of-urological-education-in-spain
#3
Juan Gómez Rivas, Ramiro Cabello-Benavente, Gonzalo Bueno-Serrano, Moises Rodríguez Socarrás, Manuel Esteban Fuertes
INTRODUCTION: Urology is a medicalsurgical specialty that deals with the study, diagnosis and treatment of medical and surgical conditions of the urinary tract and retroperitoneum in both sexes and of the male genital tract without age limit. The traditional method of training is based on the imitation of the skills and behaviors of the tutors, creating variability in the training between different centers and giving a passive role to resident internal physicians (MIR). LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK: The 2006 BOE establishes the specific formative content in its theoretical, practical and scientific facets...
January 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334653/depletion-study-withdrawal-period-calculation-and-bioaccumulation-of-sulfamethazine-in-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus-treated-with-medicated-feed
#4
Kátia S D Nunes, José H Vallim, Márcia R Assalin, Sonia C N Queiroz, Lourival C Paraíba, Claudio M Jonsson, Felix G R Reyes
The residue depletion of sulfamethazine (SMZ) was evaluated in tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) after 11 days of administration of medicated feed containing SMZ, at the dose of 422 mg/kg body weight (bw). The determination of SMZ in feed and tilapia fillet was carried out using the QuEChERS approach for sample preparation, and high performance liquid chromatography with diode array detector (HPLC-DAD) and ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-QToF-MS) for quantitation, respectively...
January 9, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333954/prevalence-diagnosis-and-treatment-rates-of-mood-disorders-among-opioid-users-under-criminal-justice-supervision
#5
Mary Mbaba, Shan-Estelle Brown, Alese Wooditch, Marissa Kiss, Amy Murphy, Suneeta Kumari, Faye Taxman, Frederick Altice, William B Lawson, Sandra A Springer
BACKGROUND: Individuals involved in the criminal justice system have disproportionately high rates of psychiatric disorders when compared to the general U.S. POPULATION: If left untreated, the likelihood of subsequent arrest increases and risk for adverse health consequences is great, particularly among opioid users. OBJECTIVES: To explore the prevalence, characteristics, and treatment of mood disorders among justice involved opioid-dependent populations...
January 15, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333347/beyond-harm-s-reach-submersion-of-river-turtle-nesting-areas-and-implications-for-restoration-actions-after-amazon-hydropower-development
#6
Darren Norris, Fernanda Michalski, James P Gibbs
The global expansion of energy demands combined with abundant rainfall, large water volumes and high flow in tropical rivers have led to an unprecedented expansion of dam constructions in the Amazon. This expansion generates an urgent need for refined approaches to river management; specifically a move away from decision-making governed by overly generalized guidelines. For the first time we quantify direct impacts of hydropower reservoir establishment on an Amazon fresh water turtle. We conducted surveys along 150 km of rivers upstream of a new dam construction during the low water months that correspond to the nesting season of Podocnemis unifilis in the study area...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330696/migrant-live-in-caregivers-mental-health-in-canada
#7
Mandana Vahabi, Josephine Pui-Hing Wong, Aisha Lofters
Empirical evidence suggests rapid health decline among temporary migrant workers but there is limited knowledge about their mental health. This study explored live-in care givers' (LCs) mental health and its determinants. Using a mixed methods design, a purposeful sample of 30 LCs was recruited. Data were collected through a selfcompleted questionnaire. A third of participants reported their mental health as poor or fair. Almost half experienced major depression. The poor mental health was associated with the average working hours and living accommodation...
January 12, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326429/responsible-innovation-in-human-germline-gene-editing-background-document-to-the-recommendations-of-eshg-and-eshre
#8
Guido De Wert, Björn Heindryckx, Guido Pennings, Angus Clarke, Ursula Eichenlaub-Ritter, Carla G van El, Francesca Forzano, Mariëtte Goddijn, Heidi C Howard, Dragica Radojkovic, Emmanuelle Rial-Sebbag, Wybo Dondorp, Basil C Tarlatzis, Martina C Cornel
Technological developments in gene editing raise high expectations for clinical applications, including editing of the germline. The European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE) and the European Society of Human Genetics (ESHG) together developed a Background document and Recommendations to inform and stimulate ongoing societal debates. This document provides the background to the Recommendations. Germline gene editing is currently not allowed in many countries. This makes clinical applications in these countries impossible now, even if germline gene editing would become safe and effective...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325097/barriers-to-health-care-services-for-migrants-living-with-hiv-in-spain
#9
Patricia Ndumbi, J Del Romero, F Pulido, M Velasco Arribas, F Dronda, J Ramón Blanco Ramos, P García de Olalla, I Ocaña, J Belda-Ibañez, J Del Amo, D Álvarez-Del Arco
Background: In Spain, migrants are disproportionately affected by HIV and experience high rates of late diagnosis. We investigated barriers to health care access among migrants living with HIV (MLWH) in Spain. Methods: Cross sectional electronic survey of 765 adult HIV-positive migrants recruited within 18 health care settings between July 2013 and July 2015. We collected epidemiological, demographic, behavioral and clinical data. We estimated the prevalence and risk factors of self-reported barriers to health care using multivariable logistic regression...
January 8, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320934/improving-the-care-of-youth-with-type-1-diabetes-with-a-novel-medical-legal-community-intervention-the-diabetes-community-care-ambassador-program
#10
Faisal S Malik, Joyce P Yi-Frazier, Craig E Taplin, Christian L Roth, Kathryn B Whitlock, Waylon Howard, Catherine Pihoker
Purpose The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility and efficacy of the Diabetes Community Care Ambassador (DCCA) Program, a novel medical-legal community intervention designed to support high-risk youth with type 1 diabetes. Methods Study eligibility criteria: ages 3-19 years, A1C ≥8.5% (≥69 mmol/mol) and/or recent diabetic ketoacidosis hospitalization, type 1 diabetes duration ≥1 year, and English- or Spanish-speaking. Eighty-nine youth and their caregivers participated in the 9- to 12-month intervention, which included diabetes education and support through 3 home visits, 1 to 2 school visits, and phone support from a lay health worker, as well as legal support from a medical-legal partnership attorney...
January 1, 2018: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320513/a-harm-reduction-model-of-abortion-counseling-about-misoprostol-use-in-peru-with-telephone-and-in-person-follow-up-a-cohort-study
#11
Daniel Grossman, Sarah E Baum, Denitza Andjelic, Carrie Tatum, Guadalupe Torres, Liza Fuentes, Jennifer Friedman
BACKGROUND: In Peru, abortion is legal only to preserve the life and health of the woman. A non-profit clinic system in Peru implemented a harm-reduction model for women with unwanted pregnancy that included pre-abortion care with instructions about misoprostol use and post-abortion care; they started offering telephone follow-up for clients in 2011. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of the harm-reduction model, and to compare outcomes by type of follow-up obtained...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319741/verbal-abuse-and-mobbing-in-pre-hospital-care-services-in-chile
#12
Varinia Rodríguez Campo, Tatiana Paravic Klijn
OBJECTIVE: to determine the perception of verbal abuse and mobbing and the associated factors of paramedic technicians (nursing assistants) and professionals (nurses, midwives, kinesiologists) in the pre-hospital care areas of three regions in the south of Chile. METHODS: descriptive and correlational study was performed within the professional community and a two-stage sample of the paramedic technician population in three regions. The questionnaire "workplace violence in the health sector" (spanish version) was applied after signing the informed consent...
January 8, 2018: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319407/malpractice-litigation-in-acute-stroke-care-where-are-we-now
#13
Gilberto Kk Leung, Gerard Porter
Acute stroke care has undergone momentous changes in recent years with the introduction of intravenous thrombolysis, mechanical thrombectomy and integrated stroke services. While these are welcome developments, they also carry unique medico-legal challenges. In 2015, a patient from Greater Manchester was awarded over £1 million in compensation after ambulance paramedics failed to admit her to a specialist unit. This paper explores the medico-legal implications of this first but over looked thrombolysis-related claim in the United Kingdom...
January 1, 2018: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317918/awareness-of-the-implementation-of-the-falsified-medicines-directive-among-pharmaceutical-companies-professionals-in-the-european-economic-area
#14
Urszula WŁodarczak, Damian Swieczkowski, Urszula Religioni, Milosz Jaguszewski, Jerzy Krysinski, Piotr Merks
Background: The Falsified Medicines Directive (FMD) is a response of the European Union to the increasing number of falsified medicines present in the legal supply chain within the Member States of the community. Effective implementation of the new regulations will depend on the effective cooperation of all parties involved in the distribution of medicinal products including the managers of pharmaceutical companies. Objective: The objective of the study was to examine awareness of the Implementation of the FMD among pharmaceutical company professionals in the European Economic Area...
October 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310960/cannabinoid-hyperemesis-syndrome-pathophysiology-and-treatment-in-the-emergency-department
#15
John R Richards
BACKGROUND: Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS) is a challenging clinical disorder. CHS patients frequently present to the emergency department and may require treatment for intractable emesis, dehydration, and electrolyte abnormalities. Thought to be a variant of cyclic vomiting syndrome, CHS has become more prevalent with increasing cannabis potency and use, as enabled by various states having legalized the recreational use of cannabis. OBJECTIVE: This aim of this review is to investigate the pathophysiology of CHS and evaluate the published literature on pharmacologic treatment in the emergency department...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310049/-positive-urine-testing-for-cannabis-is-associated-with-increased-risk-of-traffic-crashes
#16
Giovanna Del Balzo, Rossella Gottardo, Silvia Mengozzi, Romolo M Dorizzi, Federica Bortolotti, Svetlana Appolonova, Franco Tagliaro
Although recent Cannabis use is widely reported to be associated with drug-related traffic accidents, the evidence that Cannabis users show an increased risk of being involved in road crashes is still not unequivocally proved. The purpose of the present work is to provide an objective assessment of this hypothesis, by comparing the frequency of occurrence of positive urine analyses in drivers involved in traffic accidents (n = 1406) with that observed in a control population undergoing mandatory urine drug testing (n = 1953)...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310023/some-inconsistencies-in-demirjian-s-method
#17
Giuseppe Quaremba, Claudio Buccelli, Vincenzo Graziano, Alberto Laino, Luigi Laino, Mariano Paternoster, Pierpaolo Petrone
Nowadays, given the massive migration movements toward and across EU countries, age assessment can be highly useful for estimating the real age of asylum seekers or in medico-legal assessments of age-disputed children charged with criminal acts. Demirjian et al.'s dental maturity score is currently a dental scoring system universally adopted for age assessment of unidentified children. Here we explore the biological compatibility of Demirjian's scores with respect to the estimation of certain chronological ages of forensic interest through an algorithm based on the theory of constrained graphs integrated with combinatory analysis...
December 21, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309413/ecological-assessment-of-the-marine-ecosystems-of-barbuda-west-indies-using-rapid-scientific-assessment-to-inform-ocean-zoning-and-fisheries-management
#18
Benjamin Ruttenberg, Jennifer E Caselle, Andrew J Estep, Ayana Elizabeth Johnson, Kristen L Marhaver, Lee J Richter, Stuart A Sandin, Mark J A Vermeij, Jennifer E Smith, David Grenda, Abigail Cannon
To inform a community-based ocean zoning initiative, we conducted an intensive ecological assessment of the marine ecosystems of Barbuda, West Indies. We conducted 116 fish and 108 benthic surveys around the island, and measured the abundance and size structure of lobsters and conch at 52 and 35 sites, respectively. We found that both coral cover and fish biomass were similar to or lower than levels observed across the greater Caribbean; live coral cover and abundance of fishery target species, such as large snappers and groupers, was generally low...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306816/-you-got-to-love-rosin-solventless-dabs-pure-clean-natural-medicine-exploring-twitter-data-on-emerging-trends-in-rosin-tech-marijuana-concentrates
#19
Francois R Lamy, Raminta Daniulaityte, Mussah Zatreh, Ramzi W Nahhas, Amit Sheth, Silvia S Martins, Edward W Boyer, Robert G Carlson
BACKGROUND: "Rosin tech" is an emerging solventless method consisting in applying moderate heat and constant pressure on marijuana flowers to prepare marijuana concentrates referred to as "rosin." This paper explores rosin concentrate-related Twitter data to describe tweet content and analyze differences in rosin-related tweeting across states with varying cannabis legal statuses. METHOD: English language tweets were collected between March 15, 2015 and April 17, 2017, using Twitter API...
December 27, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306340/review-nutritional-ecology-of-heavy-metals
#20
M Hejna, D Gottardo, A Baldi, V Dell'Orto, F Cheli, M Zaninelli, L Rossi
The aim of this review is to focus the attention on the nutrition ecology of the heavy metals and on the major criticisms related to the heavy metals content in animal feeds, manure, soil and animal-origin products. Heavy metals are metallic elements that have a high density that have progressively accumulated in the food chain with negative effects for human health. Some metals are essential (Fe, I, Co, Zn, Cu, Mn, Mo, Se) to maintain various physiological functions and are usually added as nutritional additives in animal feed...
January 8, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
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