keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Legal AND high

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767619/metrics-to-assess-injury-prevention-programs-for-young-workers-in-high-risk-occupations-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#1
Smith Jennifer, Birinder Praneet Purewal, Alison Macpherson, Ian Pike
INTRODUCTION: Despite legal protections for young workers in Canada, youth aged 15-24 are at high risk of traumatic occupational injury. While many injury prevention initiatives targeting young workers exist, the challenge faced by youth advocates and employers is deciding what aspect(s) of prevention will be the most effective focus for their efforts. A review of the academic and grey literatures was undertaken to compile the metrics-both the indicators being evaluated and the methods of measurement-commonly used to assess injury prevention programs for young workers...
May 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767466/addressing-transboundary-conservation-challenges-through-marine-spatial-prioritization
#2
Elena Gissi, Jennifer McGowan, Chiara Venier, Davide Di Carlo, Francesco Musco, Stefano Menegon, Peter Mackelworth, Tundi Agardy, Hugh Possingham
The Adriatic and Ionian Region (AIR) is an important area for both strategic maritime development and biodiversity conservation in the European Union (EU). However, given that both EU and non-EU countries border the sea, multiple legal and regulatory frameworks operate at different scales which can hinder the coordinated long-term sustainable development of the region. Transboundary marine (or maritime) spatial planning can help overcome these challenges by building consensus on planning objectives and making the trade-offs between biodiversity conservation and its influence on economically important sectors more explicit...
May 16, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766374/perceived-importance-of-substance-use-prevention-in-juvenile-justice-a-multi-level-analysis
#3
Jessica M Sales, Gail Wasserman, Katherine S Elkington, Wayne Lehman, Sheena Gardner, Larkin McReynolds, Tisha Wiley, Hannah Knudsen
BACKGROUND: Youth under juvenile justice (JJ) supervision are at high-risk of adverse outcomes from substance use, making prevention important. Few studies have examined prevention-related attitudes of JJ employees, yet such attitudes may be important for implementing prevention programs. Attitudes toward prevention may reflect individual characteristics and organizational contexts. METHODS: Mixed effects regression was used to analyze data from 492 employees in 36 sites participating in the Juvenile Justice-Translational Research on Interventions for Adolescents in the Legal System (JJ-TRIALS) cooperative agreement...
May 15, 2018: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762657/prospects-for-tuberculosis-elimination-in-the-united-states-results-of-a-transmission-dynamic-model
#4
Nicolas A Menzies, Ted Cohen, Andrew N Hill, Reza Yaesoubi, Kara Galer, Emory Wolf, Suzanne M Marks, Joshua A Salomon
We estimated long-term tuberculosis (TB) trends in the US population and assessed prospects for TB elimination. We used a detailed simulation model allowing for changes in TB transmission, immigration, and other TB risk determinants. We evaluated 5 hypothetical scenarios from 2017 to 2100: 1) maintain current TB prevention and treatment activities (base-case), 2) provision of latent TB infection testing and treatment for new legal immigrants, 3) increased uptake of latent TB infection screening and treatment among high-risk populations, including a 3-month isoniazid-rifapentine regimen, 4) improved TB case detection, 5) improved TB treatment quality...
May 14, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759238/ion-mobility-spectrometer-with-orthogonal-x-ray-source-for-increased-sensitivity
#5
Erik Bunert, Tobias Reinecke, Ansgar T Kirk, Alexander Bohnhorst, Stefan Zimmermann
Ion mobility spectrometers (IMS) are compact devices for extremely sensitive detection of proton and electron affine volatile compounds down to low pptv concentrations within less than a second. The measuring principle requires ionization of the target analyte. Most IMS employ radioactive electron sources, such as 63 Ni or 3 H. These radioactive materials suffer from legal restrictions limiting the fields of application. Furthermore, the electron emission has a predetermined intensity and cannot be controlled or disabled...
August 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757778/a-contemporary-analysis-of-medicolegal-issues-in-obstetric-anesthesia-between-2005-and-2015
#6
Vesela P Kovacheva, Ethan Y Brovman, Penny Greenberg, Ellen Song, Arvind Palanisamy, Richard D Urman
BACKGROUND: Detailed reviews of closed malpractice claims have provided insights into the most common events resulting in litigation and helped improve anesthesia care. In the past 10 years, there have been multiple safety advancements in the practice of obstetric anesthesia. We investigated the relationship among contributing factors, patient injuries, and legal outcome by analyzing a contemporary cohort of closed malpractice claims where obstetric anesthesiology was the principal defendant...
May 10, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756116/intraabdominal-gossypiboma-report-of-two-cases
#7
Ebru Oran, Gürkan Yetkin, Nurcihan Aygün, Fevzi Celayir, Mehmet Uludağ
Gossypiboma which cause medico-legal implications is a heritage of previous surgery. In this study, we present two cases of gossypiboma mimicking intraabdominal malignancy. Case 1: A 28-year-old woman presented with an epigastric mass measuring 10 cm in diameter and a history of open cholecystectomy performed three years ago. Radiological exams revealed a cystic mass at the lesser sac and suggested serous cystadenocarcinoma. Case 2: A 36-year-old female patient with a history of two caesarean sections had a mass in the left lower quadrant...
2018: Turkish Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754166/employment-and-other-income-sources-among-homeless-youth
#8
Natasha Slesnick, Jing Zhang, Tansel Yilmazer
Homeless youth report high rates of unemployment. While homeless serving agencies usually offer employment services, most homeless youth are disengaged from homeless service agencies, and a limited number of studies have examined employment and other income sources among service disconnected youth. Our study examined income sources and change in income among service disconnected youth, all of whom received Strengths-Based Outreach and Advocacy (SBOA, N = 79). Findings revealed that over time employment and legal income from non-survival behaviors increased (e...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753518/application-of-the-canadian-computed-tomography-head-rule-to-patients-with-minimal-head-injury
#9
Kevin Davey, Turandot Saul, Geoffrey Russel, Jonathan Wassermann, Joshua Quaas
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Two clinical decision rules, the Canadian CT Head Rule and the New Orleans Criteria, set the standard to guide clinicians in determining which patients with minor head trauma need computed tomography (CT) imaging. Both rules were derived with patients with minor head injury who had had a loss of consciousness or witnessed disorientation. No evidence exists for evaluating patients and need for CT imaging with minimal head injury; that is, patients who had a head injury but no loss of consciousness or disorientation and therefore would have been excluded from the Canadian CT Head Rule and New Orleans Criteria trials...
May 9, 2018: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753199/acceptability-of-the-predicting-abusive-head-trauma-predaht-clinical-prediction-tool-a-qualitative-study-with-child-protection-professionals
#10
Laura E Cowley, Sabine Maguire, Daniel M Farewell, Harriet D Quinn-Scoggins, Matthew O Flynn, Alison M Kemp
The validated Predicting Abusive Head Trauma (PredAHT) tool estimates the probability of abusive head trauma (AHT) based on combinations of six clinical features: head/neck bruising; apnea; seizures; rib/long-bone fractures; retinal hemorrhages. We aimed to determine the acceptability of PredAHT to child protection professionals. We conducted qualitative semi-structured interviews with 56 participants: clinicians (25), child protection social workers (10), legal practitioners (9, including 4 judges), police officers (8), and pathologists (4), purposively sampled across southwest United Kingdom...
May 9, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753151/isolation-of-dna-from-small-amounts-of-elephant-ivory-sampling-the-cementum-with-total-demineralization-extraction
#11
M Winters, A Torkelson, R Booth, C Mailand, Y Hoareau, S Tucker, S K Wasser
Genotyping ivory samples can determine the geographic origin of poached ivory as well as the legality of ivory being sold in ivory markets. We conducted a series of experiments to determine where the DNA is most concentrated in ivory samples and how best to increase DNA yield from groups of samples likely to vary in DNA concentration. We examined variation in DNA amplification success from: the layer(s) of the tusk (cementum and/or dentine) being extracted, demineralization temperature and time, and the concentration of eluates...
April 27, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749706/systematic-optimization-of-ethyl-glucuronide-extraction-conditions-from-scalp-hair-by-design-of-experiments-and-its-potential-effect-on-cut-off-values-appraisal
#12
Eugenio Alladio, Giulia Biosa, Fabrizio Seganti, Daniele Di Corcia, Alberto Salomone, Marco Vincenti, Markus R Baumgartner
The quantitative determination of ethyl glucuronide (EtG) in hair samples is consistently used throughout the world to assess chronic excessive alcohol consumption. For administrative and legal purposes, the analytical results are compared with cut-off values recognized by regulatory authorities and scientific societies. However, it has been recently recognized that the analytical results depend on the hair sample pretreatment procedures, including the crumbling and extraction conditions. A systematic evaluation of the EtG extraction conditions from pulverized scalp hair was conducted by design of experiments (DoE) considering the extraction time, temperature, pH, and solvent composition as potential influencing factors...
May 11, 2018: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748454/analysis-of-the-changes-in-the-polish-universal-neonatal-hearing-screening-program-over-15-years-of-activity
#13
Grażyna Greczka, Monika Zych, Witold Szyfter, Maciej Wróbel
INTRODUCTION: One of the examples of a nationwide pro-health program in Poland is the Polish Universal Neonatal Hearing Screening Program (PUNHSP). The Program is aimed at early diagnosis and intervention in children with hearing impairments and it is an example of a well-managed program. Presenting the results of the PUNHSP activity as well as organizational aspects and own experience can significantly help institutions managing other programs to achieve high efficiency in their functioning...
April 30, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746421/reducing-the-health-risks-derived-from-exposure-to-addictive-substances
#14
Peter Anderson, Antoni Gual, Jürgen Rehm
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To discuss the health risks due to exposure to alcohol, illegal drugs and nicotine and how these risks might be reduced. RECENT FINDINGS: In 2016, worldwide, alcohol, illegal drugs and nicotine were responsible for some 10 million deaths. There is evolutionary and biological evidence that humans are predisposed to consuming alcohol, illegal drugs and nicotine - present-day problems are caused by high levels of potency, exposure and drug delivery systems...
May 8, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745330/metabolism-of-synthetic-cannabinoids-encountered-in-clinical-casework-major-in-vivo-metabolites-of-jwh-007-jwh-019-jwh-203-jwh-307-ur-144-xlr-11-am-2201-mam-2201-and-am-694-in-human-urine-using-lc-ms-ms
#15
Volker Auwarter, Melanie Hutter, S Broecker, Stefan Kneisel, Floria Franz, Simon D Brandt
BACKGROUND: `Herbal mixtures` containing synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonists (SCRAs) are promoted as legal alternative to marihuana and are easily available via the Internet. Keeping analytical methods for the detection of these SCRAs up-to-date is a continuous challenge for clinicians and toxicologists due to the high diversity of the chemical structures and the frequent emergence of new compounds. Since many SCRAs are extensively metabolized, analytical methods used for urine testing require previous identification of the major metabolites of each compound...
May 9, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744945/understanding-the-development-of-a-regulated-market-approach-to-new-psychoactive-substances-nps-in-new-zealand-using-punctuated-equilibrium-theory
#16
Marta Rychert, Chris Wilkins
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The short-lived regulated legal market for new psychoactive substances (NPS) in New Zealand marked a radical departure from the traditional prohibition-based approach. This paper aimed to enhance understanding of this policy change using Punctuated Equilibrium Theory (PET). METHODS: The analysis draws on three years of evaluative research, including interviews with key stakeholders, analysis of legislation and policy documents and academic and grey literature...
May 9, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740734/syringe-decriminalization-advocacy-in-red-states-lessons-from-the-north-carolina-harm-reduction-coalition
#17
REVIEW
David H Cloud, Tessie Castillo, Lauren Brinkley-Rubinstein, Manisha Dubey, Robert Childs
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Syringe access programs (SAPs) are cornerstone harm reduction interventions for combatting the national opioid epidemic. The goal of this paper is to describe effective advocacy strategies for enacting syringe decriminalization legislation to foster the expansion of SAPs in high-need areas amidst political opposition. RECENT FINDINGS: Decades or research shows that SAPs prevent the transmission of HIV among people who inject drugs (PWID) and are a cost-effective tool for linking PWID to medical care, health education, and social services...
May 8, 2018: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736343/comparing-cmip-3-and-cmip-5-climate-projections-on-flooding-estimation-of-devils-lake-of-north-dakota-usa
#18
Gehendra Kharel, Andrei Kirilenko
Background: Water level fluctuations in endorheic lakes are highly susceptible to even slight changes in climate and land use. Devils Lake (DL) in North Dakota, USA is an endorheic system that has undergone multi-decade flooding driven by changes in regional climate. Flooding mitigation strategies have centered on the release of lake water to a nearby river system through artificial outlets, resulting in legal challenges and environmental concerns related to water quality, downstream flooding, species migration, stakeholder opposition, and transboundary water conflicts between the US and Canada...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733840/clinical-opinion-doing-something-about-the-cesarean-delivery-rate
#19
S L Clark, T J Garite, E J Hamilton, M A Belfort, G D Hankins
There is a general consensus that the cesarean delivery rate in the U.S. is too high, and that practice patterns of obstetricians are largely to blame for this situation. In reality, the U.S. cesarean delivery rate is the result of 3 forces largely beyond the control of the practicing clinician: patient expectations and misconceptions regarding the safety of labor, the medical-legal system, and limitations in technology. Efforts to "do something" about the cesarean delivery rate by promulgating practice directives which are marginally evidence-based or influenced by social pressures are both ineffective and potentially harmful...
May 4, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731723/would-you-use-it-with-a-seal-of-approval-important-attributes-of-2-4-dinitrophenol-2-4-dnp-as-a-hypothetical-pharmaceutical-product
#20
Emma E Bleasdale, Sam N Thrower, Andrea Petróczi
Background: 2,4-Dinitrophenol (2,4-DNP) is an effective but highly dangerous fat burner, not licensed for human consumption. Death cases reported for 2,4-DNP overdose, particularly among young adults, have raised concerns about the ineffective regulatory control, lack of education and risks associated with impurity, and the unknown concentration of 2,4-DNP purchased on the Internet. Methods: Using a sequential mixed method design and based on a hypothetical scenario as if 2,4-DNP was a licensed pharmaceutical drug, first we conducted a qualitative study to explore what product attributes people consider when buying a weight-loss aid...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
11549
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"