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National physical activity strategy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155791/-overview-of-french-public-policies-promoting-health-enhancing-physical-activity
#1
Julie Prévot-Ledrich, Aurélie Van Hoye, Pierre Lombrail, Flore Lecomte, Anne Vuillemin
Although multiple strategies are used to promote physical activity, they do not cover all sectors. This configuration also raises the question of the harmonization of these national public policies and the existence of intersectoral coordination mechanisms.<np pagenum="026"/> </ce:para>.
June 8, 2016: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151923/health-related-behaviors-by-urban-rural-county-classification-united-states-2013
#2
Kevin A Matthews, Janet B Croft, Yong Liu, Hua Lu, Dafna Kanny, Anne G Wheaton, Timothy J Cunningham, Laura Kettel Khan, Ralph S Caraballo, James B Holt, Paul I Eke, Wayne H Giles
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Persons living in rural areas are recognized as a health disparity population because the prevalence of disease and rate of premature death are higher than for the overall population of the United States. Surveillance data about health-related behaviors are rarely reported by urban-rural status, which makes comparisons difficult among persons living in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan counties. REPORTING PERIOD: 2013. DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM: The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) is an ongoing, state-based, random-digit-dialed landline- and cellular-telephone survey of noninstitutionalized adults aged ≥18 years residing in the United States...
February 3, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144847/-practices-of-caregivers-and-national-recommendations-for-treatment-of-malaria-in-benin-in-2009
#3
S Robin, C Bruneton, E Guévart
New treatments against malaria (artemisinin-based combination therapies, ACT) resulted in profound changes in the therapeutic behaviours in Africa. This study aims to evaluate the practices adaptation to the new strategies in Benin in 2009. In three southern areas of the country, 14 private pharmacies, 10 public health centers and 10 private health centers were audited. Between July and October 2009, 36 providers and 93 prescribers were interviewed, 127 dispensations for self-medication were observed, 210 prescriptions were analyzed according to the WHO recommendations, 251 patients with complaints of malaria and 50 healthy women were interviewed and 34 physical inventories were conducted in pharmacies...
January 31, 2017: Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132390/impact-of-self-reported-data-on-the-acquisition-of-multi-generational-family-history-and-lifestyle-factors-among-women-seen-in-a-high-risk-breast-screening-program-a-focus-on-modifiable-risk-factors-and-genetic-referral
#4
Laura H Rosenberger, Ryan Weber, Daniel Sjoberg, Andrew J Vickers, Debra A Mangino, Monica Morrow, Melissa L Pilewskie
BACKGROUND: The phrase "high-risk for breast cancer" is used to identify various groups at elevated cancer risk, and the appropriate surveillance and risk-reducing strategies differ based on the etiology of risk. Here, we review the utility of patient-reported data to capture women with modifiable lifestyle risk factors and those suitable for genetic counseling referral. METHODS: Patient-reported data from a web-based survey were used to capture personal history, multi-generational family history, and lifestyle factors (body mass index, alcohol consumption, physical activity)...
January 28, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122658/randomised-controlled-trial-and-economic-analysis-of-an-internet-based-weight-management-programme-power-positive-online-weight-reduction
#5
Paul Little, Beth Stuart, Fd Richard Hobbs, Jo Kelly, Emily R Smith, Katherine J Bradbury, Stephanie Hughes, Peter Wf Smith, Michael V Moore, Mike Ej Lean, Barrie M Margetts, Christopher D Byrne, Simon Griffin, Mina Davoudianfar, Julie Hooper, Guiqing Yao, Shihua Zhu, James Raftery, Lucy Yardley
BACKGROUND: Behavioural counselling with intensive follow-up for obesity is effective, but in resource-constrained primary care settings briefer approaches are needed. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of an internet-based behavioural intervention with regular face-to-face or remote support in primary care, compared with brief advice. DESIGN: Individually randomised three-arm parallel trial with health economic evaluation and nested qualitative interviews...
January 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096252/understanding-the-importance-of-therapeutic-relationships-in-the-development-of-self-management-behaviours-during-cancer-rehabilitation-a-qualitative-research-protocol
#6
Wendy M Wilkinson, Jaynie Rance, Deborah Fitzsimmons
INTRODUCTION: Cancer is a growing health, social and economic problem. 1 in 3 people in the UK will develop cancer in their lifetime. With survival rates rising to over 50%, the long-term needs of cancer survivors are of growing importance. Cancer rehabilitation is tailored to address the physical or psychosocial decline in ability to engage in daily activities. Its use is supported by high-quality international, multicentre research. Incorporating strategies for self-management behaviour development into rehabilitation can prepare individuals for cancer survivorship...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058241/convergent-validity-of-the-acc-aha-pooled-cohort-equations-in-associating-with-health-related-quality-of-life-among-adults-in-the-united-states
#7
Allison Nooe, Meghan K Edwards, Ovuokerie Addoh, Paul D Loprinzi
Background: The potential convergent validity of the pooled cohort risk (PCR) equations in predicting health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has yet to be evaluated, which was this study's purpose. Methods: Data from the 2001-2011 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were used (N = 8978 adults, 40-79 years, free of cardiovascular disease at baseline). Calculation of an individual's 10-year risk of a first atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) event was determined via the PCR equation...
2017: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051979/barriers-and-health-beliefs-related-to-weight-management-among-veterans-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#8
Shannon Munro, Emily Dinatale, Sarah Hartley, Monica St Jacques, Kris Ann Oursler
INTRODUCTION: The success of antiretroviral therapy has led to dramatic changes in causes of morbidity and mortality among U.S. Veterans with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Among the 25,000 Veterans treated for HIV, 70% are over age 50 and the rate of obesity has doubled in this population. Veterans with HIV have a 50% increased risk of myocardial infarction yet have limited presence in prevention-related programs designed to lower cardiovascular disease risk. METHODS: This mixed methods study (focus groups, Schwarzer and Renner physical activity, and nutrition self-efficacy questionnaires) was used to explore factors related to health behavior and identify barriers that overweight Veterans with HIV face in enrolling in the MOVE weight management program...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051841/a-review-of-a-national-training-initiative-to-increase-provider-use-of-mat-to-address-the-opioid-epidemic
#9
REVIEW
Frances R Levin, Adam Bisaga, Maria A Sullivan, Arthur Robin Williams, Kathryn Cates-Wessel
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Providers' Clinical Support System for Medication Assisted Treatment (PCSS-MAT) initiative focuses on training and mentoring health professionals in the treatment of opioid use disorders (OUD) using pharmacological strategies. Led by the American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry (AAAP), PCSS-MAT is a consortium representing four of the five national professional organizations authorized by DATA 2,000-AAAP, American Osteopathic Academy of Addiction Medicine, American Psychiatric Association, and American Society of Addiction Medicine...
December 2016: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033092/an-evaluability-assessment-of-the-west-virginia-physical-activity-plan-2015-lessons-learned-for-other-state-physical-activity-plans
#10
Christiaan G Abildso, Samantha Shawley, Sherry Owens, Angela Dyer, Sean M Bulger, Dina L Jones, Emily M Jones, Emily Murphy, Melissa D Olfert, Eloise Elliott
BACKGROUND: The US National Physical Activity Plan (NPAP) was released in 2009 as a national strategic plan to increase physical activity (PA). The NPAP emphasized implementing state and local PA programs. Dissemination of information about NPAP has been limited, however. COMMUNITY CONTEXT: West Virginia is a predominantly rural state with high rates of chronic diseases associated with physical inactivity. In 2015 an evaluability assessment (EA) of the West Virginia Physical Activity Plan (WVPAP) was conducted, and community stakeholders were invited to participate in updating the plan...
December 29, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031209/factors-associated-with-influenza-vaccination-coverage-among-the-elderly-in-south-korea-the-fourth-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-knhanes-iv
#11
David Soonil Kwon, Kyuwoong Kim, Sang Min Park
OBJECTIVE: The annual outbreak of influenza is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality among the elderly population around the world. While there is an annual vaccine available to prevent or reduce the incidence of disease, not all older people in Korea choose to be vaccinated. There have been few previous studies to examine the factors influencing influenza vaccination in Korea. Thus, this study identifies nationwide factors that affect influenza vaccination rates in elderly Koreans...
December 28, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927253/factors-associated-with-influenza-vaccine-uptake-in-older-adults-living-in-the-community-in-singapore
#12
L W Ang, J Cutter, L James, K T Goh
In Singapore, influenza vaccination is recommended for persons at higher risk of complications of seasonal influenza, including those with chronic medical conditions and the elderly (individuals aged ⩾65 years). We investigated the factors associated with influenza vaccine uptake based on a nationally representative sample of community-dwelling adults aged >50 years. The data for this study were obtained from the National Health Surveillance Survey (NHSS) 2013. The association between influenza vaccine uptake and socio-demographic and health-related variables was analysed using univariable and multivariable logistic regression models...
December 8, 2016: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910035/self-care-as-a-professional-imperative-physician-burnout-depression-and-suicide
#13
Catherine M Kuhn, Ellen M Flanagan
PURPOSE: Burnout has been identified in approximately half of all practicing physicians, including anesthesiologists. In this narrative review, the relationship between burnout, depression, and suicide is explored, with particular attention to the anesthesiologist. Throughout this review, we highlight our professional imperative regarding this epidemic. SOURCE: The authors searched the existing English language literature via PubMed from 1986 until present using the search terms physician burnout, depression, and suicide, with particular attention to studies regarding anesthesiologists and strategies to address these problems...
February 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905949/burden-of-cumulative-risk-factors-associated-with-non-communicable-diseases-among-adults-in-uganda-evidence-from-a-national-baseline-survey
#14
Ronald Wesonga, David Guwatudde, Silver K Bahendeka, Gerald Mutungi, Fabian Nabugoomu, James Muwonge
BACKGROUND: Modification of known risk factors has been the most tested strategy for dealing with non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The cumulative number of NCD risk factors exhibited by an individual depicts a disease burden. However, understanding the risk factors associated with increased NCD burden has been constrained by scarcity of nationally representative data, especially in the developing countries and not well explored in the developed countries as well. METHODS: Assessment of key risk factors for NCDs using population data drawn from 3987 participants in a nationally representative baseline survey in Uganda was made...
December 1, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889315/school-based-obesity-prevention-policies-and-practices-and-weight-control-behaviors-among-adolescents
#15
Nicole Larson, Cynthia S Davey, Caitlin E Caspi, Martha Y Kubik, Marilyn S Nanney
BACKGROUND: The promotion of healthy eating and physical activity within school settings is an important component of population-based strategies to prevent obesity; however, adolescents may be vulnerable to weight-related messages, as rapid development during this life stage often leads to preoccupation with body size and shape. OBJECTIVE: This study examines secular trends in secondary school curricula topics relevant to the prevention of unhealthy weight-control behaviors; describes cross-sectional associations between weight-related curricula content and students' use of weight-control behaviors; and assesses whether implementation of school-based obesity-prevention policies/practices is longitudinally related to students' weight-control behaviors...
February 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882630/workplace-stress-burnout-and-coping-a-qualitative-study-of-the-experiences-of-australian-disability-support-workers
#16
Megan J Judd, Kate P Dorozenko, Lauren J Breen
Disability support workers (DSWs) are the backbone of contemporary disability support services and the interface through which disability philosophies and policies are translated into practical action. DSWs often experience workplace stress and burnout, resulting in a high turnover rate of employees within the non-professional disability service workforce. The full implementation of the National Disability Insurance Scheme in Australia is set to intensify the current challenges of attracting and retaining DSWs, as the role becomes characterised by greater demands, ambiguity and conflict...
November 23, 2016: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879502/labor-nurses-views-of-their-influence-on-cesarean-birth
#17
Kathleen Rice Simpson, Audrey Lyndon
BACKGROUND: As part of an ongoing study about nurse staffing during labor and birth sponsored by the Association of Women's Health, Obstetric, and Neonatal Nurses (AWHONN), the researchers considered outcomes that may be linked to aspects of labor nursing. The purpose of this study was to see if labor nurses felt they influenced whether a woman has a cesarean birth. These data were used to determine if cesarean birth should be included as an outcome measure in the multistate labor nurse staffing study...
November 22, 2016: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852666/identifying-strategies-programs-adopt-to-meet-healthy-eating-and-physical-activity-standards-in-afterschool-programs
#18
Robert G Weaver, Justin B Moore, Brie Turner-McGrievy, Ruth Saunders, Aaron Beighle, M Mahmud Khan, Jessica Chandler, Keith Brazendale, Allison Randell, Collin Webster, Michael W Beets
Background The YMCA of USA has adopted Healthy Eating and Physical Activity (HEPA) Standards for its afterschool programs (ASPs). Little is known about strategies YMCA ASPs are implementing to achieve Standards and these strategies' effectiveness. Aims (1) Identify strategies implemented in YMCA ASPs and (2) evaluate the relationship between strategy implementation and meeting Standards. Method HEPA was measured via accelerometer (moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity [MVPA]) and direct observation (snacks served) in 20 ASPs...
November 15, 2016: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852313/regional-and-social-inequalities-in-the-performance-of-pap-test-and-screening-mammography-and-their-correlation-with-lifestyle-brazilian-national-health-survey-2013
#19
Mariza Miranda Theme Filha, Maria do Carmo Leal, Elaine Fernandes Viellas de Oliveira, Ana Paula Esteves-Pereira, Silvana Granado Nogueira da Gama
BACKGROUND: Mass population screening for the early detection of cervical and breast cancer has been shown to be a safe and effective strategy worldwide and has reduced the incidence and mortality rates of these diseases. The aim of this study is to analyse the reach of screening tests for cervical and breast cancer according to sociodemographic variables and to analyse their correlation with a healthy lifestyle. METHODS: We have analysed data collected from 31...
November 17, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848756/results-from-india-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#20
Tarun Reddy Katapally, Shifalika Goenka, Jasmin Bhawra, Subha Mani, Ghattu V Krishnaveni, Sarah Helen Kehoe, Anjana Sankhil Lamkang, Manu Raj, Kathleen McNutt
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity in children and youth in India is a major public health problem. The 2016 Indian Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth has been conceptualized to highlight this epidemic by appraising behaviors, contexts, strategies, and investments related to physical activity of Indian children and youth. METHODS: An international research collaboration resulted in the formation of a Research Working Group (RWG). RWG determined key indicators; identified, synthesized, and analyzed existing evidence; developed criteria for assigning grades; and, finally, assigned grades to indicators based on consensus...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
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