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National physical activity strategy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628394/nutritional-routine-of-tae-kwon-do-athletes-prior-to-competition-what-is-the-impact-of-weight-control-practices
#1
Sousana K Papadopoulou, Vasiliki A Dalatsi, Spyridon K Methenitis, Konstantinos G Feidantsis, Ioannis G Pagkalos, Maria Hassapidou
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to investigate and assess the common dietary and weight management strategies of Tae Kwon Do (TKD) athletes prior to national competitions, as well as to examine the relationships between these strategies and body weight reduction and sensation of physical condition. METHODS: Sixty (n = 60) TKD athletes, 23 women (19.4 ± 2.9 years) and 37 men (20.4 ± 3.6 years), with at least 12.1 ± 3.1 years of experience, participated in the present study...
June 19, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628146/-influence-of-awareness-on-the-behaviors-of-chinese-adults-with-diabetes-mellitus
#2
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: To explore the influence of awareness on the behaviors of Chinese adults with diabetes mellitus, so as to provide scientific evidence for developing relevant policies and strategies in the prevention and control of diabetes. METHODS: Data from the 2013 China Chronic Disease Risk Factor Surveillance were used, covering 297 surveillance counties (districts). The variables involved in this cross-sectional study included: the prevalence of diabetes, the awareness situation, demographic characteristics, behaviors, and other information...
June 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626069/how-many-deaths-from-colorectal-cancer-can-be-prevented-by-2030-a-scenario-based-quantification-of-risk-factor-modification-screening-and-treatment-in-norway
#3
Katrine Damgaard Skyrud, Tor Age Myklebust, Freddie Bray, Morten Tandberg Eriksen, Thomas de Lange, Inger Kristin Larsen, Bjørn Møller
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) mortality can be reduced through risk factor modification (adherence to lifestyle recommendations), screening, and improved treatment. This study estimated the potential of these three strategies to modify CRC mortality rates in Norway. METHODS: The potential reduction in CRC mortality due to risk factor modification was estimated using the software Prevent, assuming that 50% of the population in Norway-who do not adhere to the various recommendations concerning prevention of smoking, physical activity, body weight, and intake of alcohol, red/processed meat, and fiber-started to follow the recommendations...
June 16, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613261/identifying-eating-occasion-based-opportunities-to-improve-the-overall-diets-of-australian-adolescents
#4
Flavia Fayet-Moore, Andrew McConnell, Jean Kim, Kevin C Mathias
Adolescents in Australia have a poor dietary intake, leading to large numbers of them being at risk for inadequate intake of micronutrients, and excessive intake of less healthful dietary components. This study examined dietary intakes at multiple eating occasions to identify opportunities for more targeted recommendations and strategies to improve dietary intakes among adolescents. Data from the first 24-h recall of 14-18 years old in the 2011-2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey were analysed (n = 772)...
June 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611975/effect-of-promotional-initiatives-on-visits-to-a-dedicated-website-for-physical-activity-and-non-communicable-disease-in-luxembourg-an-event-study
#5
Alexis Lion, Jane S Thornton, Michel Vaillant, Juliette Pertuy, Eric Besenius, Cyrille Hardy, Charles Delagardelle, Romain Seil, Axel Urhausen, Daniel Theisen
The Sport-Santé project and its website (www.sport-sante.lu) promote physical activity for individuals with non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Luxembourg. Our purpose was to perform an event study analysis to evaluate the effects of communication and promotional initiatives on the number of visits to the Sport-Santé website. Between September 2015 and May 2016, the Sport-Santé website was promoted during different initiatives, including participation in health-related events or publication of articles in local journals...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601405/leisure-time-physical-activity-among-u-s-adults-with-arthritis-2008-2015
#6
Louise B Murphy, Jennifer M Hootman, Michael A Boring, Susan A Carlson, Jin Qin, Kamil E Barbour, Teresa J Brady, Charles G Helmick
INTRODUCTION: In 2016, leisure time physical activity among U.S. adults aged ≥18 years with and without arthritis was studied to provide estimates using contemporary guidelines (2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans) and population-based data (U.S. National Health Interview Survey). METHODS: Estimated prevalence of: (1) meeting aerobic, muscle strengthening, and both aerobic and muscle strengthening guidelines, by arthritis status, from 2008 to 2015; and (2) meeting guidelines across selected sociodemographic characteristics and health status and behaviors, among adults with arthritis, in 2015...
June 7, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591813/the-energy-expenditure-benefits-of-reallocating-sedentary-time-with-physical-activity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Aviroop Biswas, Paul I Oh, Guy E Faulkner, Alis Bonsignore, Maureen T Pakosh, David A Alter
Background: We compared direct and daily cumulative energy expenditure (EE) differences associated with reallocating sedentary time to physical activity in adults for meaningful EE changes. Methods: Peer-reviewed studies in PubMed, Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched from inception to March 2017. Randomized and non-randomized interventions with sedentary time and EE outcomes in adults were included...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587276/changes-in-typical-portion-sizes-of-commonly-consumed-discretionary-foods-among-australian-adults-from-1995-to-2011-2012
#8
Miaobing Zheng, Anna Rangan, Beth Meertens, Jason H Y Wu
This study aimed to examine the changes in typical portion sizes of commonly consumed discretionary foods among Australian adults from 1995 to 2011-2012. Data of adults (age ≥19 years) from the 1995 Australian National Nutrition Survey and 2011-2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey were used. Typical portion sizes (median portion) of fourteen discretionary foods that contributed the most to energy intake were determined. Ten out of fourteen food categories demonstrated a significant change in kJ per typical portion from 1995 to 2011-2012 (p ≤ 0...
June 6, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584605/descriptive-epidemiology-of-sitting-time-in-omani-men-and-women-a-known-risk-factor-for-non-communicable-diseases
#9
Ruth M Mabry, Magdi Morsi, Neville Owen
OBJECTIVES: Sedentary behaviors (too much sitting as distinct from too little exercise) are associated with increased risk of non-communicable diseases. Identifying the prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of sitting time can inform public health policy and prevention strategies. METHODS: A population-based national survey was carried out among Omani adults in 2008 (n = 2 977) using the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire, which included a measure of total sitting time...
May 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558779/-are-thai-children-and-youth-sufficiently-active-prevalence-and-correlates-of-physical-activity-from-a-nationally-representative-cross-sectional-study
#10
Areekul Amornsriwatanakul, Leanne Lester, Fiona C Bull, Michael Rosenberg
BACKGROUND: Children and youth gain multiple health benefits from regular participation in physical activity (PA). However, in Thailand there is limited national data on children and youth's PA behaviors and recent reports suggest that Thai children and youth have low levels of PA. Furthermore, there is almost no data on the factors associated with inactivity to support the development of a Thai National PA Plan. The purpose of this paper is to investigate Thai children and youth's participation in PA and its correlates across sociodemographic characteristics and different PA domains...
May 30, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534004/integrating-health-and-transportation-in-nashville-tennessee-usa-from-policy-to-projects
#11
Leslie A Meehan, Geoffrey P Whitfield
The Nashville Area Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) is among the first MPOs in the United States to recognize the interplay of transportation and public health, particularly regarding physical activity, air pollution, and traffic crashes. The Nashville MPO has taken a multifaceted approach to simultaneously improve the transportation system, quality of life, and health status of the region's population. The purpose of this paper is to describe the multiple programs and projects that the MPO has undertaken to this end, so that other cities might learn from Nashville's example...
March 2017: Journal of Transport & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526704/elder-women-s-perceptions-around-optimal-perinatal-health-a-constructivist-grounded-theory-study-with-an-indigenous-community-in-southern-ontario
#12
Sujane Kandasamy, Meredith Vanstone, Mark Oremus, Trista Hill, Gita Wahi, Julie Wilson, A Darlene Davis, Ruby Jacobs, Rebecca Anglin, Sonia Savitri Anand
BACKGROUND: Women play important roles in translating health knowledge, particularly around pregnancy and birth, in Indigenous societies. We investigated elder Indigenous women's perceptions around optimal perinatal health. METHODS: Using a methodological framework that integrated a constructivist grounded-theory approach with an Indigenous epistemology, we conducted and analyzed in-depth interviews and focus groups with women from the Six Nations community in southern Ontario who self-identified as grandmothers...
May 18, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507182/association-between-dairy-product-consumption-and-incidence-of-total-hip-arthroplasty-for-osteoarthritis
#13
Sultana Monira Hussain, Flavia M Cicuttini, Graham G Giles, Stephen E Graves, Anita E Wluka, Yuanyuan Wang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this prospective cohort study was to determine whether dairy product consumption was associated with the incidence of total hip arthroplasty for osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: There were 38,924 participants from the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study who had dairy product consumption recorded in 1990-1994. The incidence of total hip arthroplasty for OA during 2001-2013 was determined by linking cohort records to the Australian Orthopaedic Association National Joint Replacement Registry...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483087/suicidal-behaviors-and-associated-factors-among-university-students-in-six-countries-in-the-association-of-southeast-asian-nations-asean
#14
Karl Peltzer, Siyan Yi, Supa Pengpid
A large data gap remains on suicidal behaviors among youth in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries, despite the increasing rates of suicide in Asian cultures that may be related to rapid economic changes and the loss of social stability. This study was therefore conducted to explore the prevalence of and factors associated with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among university students in six ASEAN member states. Data were collected in a cross-sectional survey of 4675 undergraduate university students, mean age 20...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476143/income-related-inequality-in-smoking-cessation-among-adult-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease-a-5-year-follow-up-of-an-angiography-intervention-in-luxembourg
#15
Anastase Tchicaya, Nathalie Lorentz, Stefaan Demarest
BACKGROUND: Smoking contributes to cardiovascular diseases (CVD), a leading cause of death and a large source of healthcare costs in Western countries. We examined the association between income and smoking cessation among smokers who underwent coronary angiography at the National Institute for Cardiac Surgery and Interventional Cardiology in Luxembourg. METHODS: Data were derived from a follow-up study conducted in 2013/2014 among 4391 patients (of which 1001 patients were smokers) at the time of coronary angiography in 2008/2009...
May 5, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472051/factors-associated-with-stage-of-change-in-smoker-in-relation-to-smoking-cessation-based-on-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-ii-v
#16
Ah Young Leem, Chang Hoon Han, Chul Min Ahn, Sang Haak Lee, Jae Yeol Kim, Eun Mi Chun, Kwang Ha Yoo, Ji Ye Jung
Despite a decrease in incidence, smoking remains the most serious public health problem worldwide. Identification of the factors contributing to changes in willingness to quit smoking may aid the development of strategies that encourage smoking cessation. Pooled cross-sectional data from 11,924 smokers from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey II-V were analyzed. The stages of change in smoking cessation were categorized as pre-contemplation, contemplation, and preparation. Baseline characteristics, socioeconomic factors, quality of life, psychological status, and smoking-related factors were compared between groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467387/comparing-the-nutritional-impact-of-dietary-strategies-to-reduce-discretionary-choice-intake-in-the-australian-adult-population-a-simulation-modelling-study
#17
Jessica A Grieger, Brittany J Johnson, Thomas P Wycherley, Rebecca K Golley
Dietary strategies to reduce discretionary choice intake are commonly utilized in practice, but evidence on their relative efficacy is lacking. The aim was to compare the potential impact on nutritional intake of three strategies to reducing discretionary choices intake in the Australian adult (19-90 years) population. Dietary simulation modelling using data from the National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey 2011-2012 was conducted (n = 9341; one 24 h dietary recall). Strategies modelled were: moderation (reduce discretionary choices by 50%, with 0%, 25% or 75% energy compensation); substitution (replace 50% of discretionary choices with core choices); reformulation (replace 50% SFA with unsaturated fats, reduce added sugars by 25%, and reduce sodium by 20%)...
May 3, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459358/oral-contraceptive-use-for-manipulation-of-menstruation-in-young-physically-active-women
#18
Mia A Schaumberg, Lynne M Emmerton, David G Jenkins, Nicola W Burton, Xanne Ak Janse de Jonge, Tina L Skinner
PURPOSE: Menstruation and menstrual symptoms are commonly-cited barriers to physical activity in women. The delay or avoidance of menstruation through extended oral contraceptive regimens may mitigate these barriers, yet information on menstrual manipulation practices in young physically-active women is sparse. The objective of this study was to investigate prevalence of, and reasons for, menstrual manipulation with oral contraceptives in recreationally- and competitively- active women...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444732/low-back-pain-among-nurses-in-slovenian-hospitals-cross-sectional-study
#19
B Skela-Savič, K Pesjak, S Hvalič-Touzery
AIM: The study investigated the prevalence and factors predicting low back pain among nurses in Slovenian hospitals. BACKGROUND: The risk factors for low back pain are physical and psychosocial. Implementation of interventions for reducing low back pain calls for management support, accessible equipment, education, knowledge and risk assessment. INTRODUCTION: Low back pain prevalence and incidence among healthcare workers is very high compared to the general population and is a strong risk factor for long-term sickness absence...
April 26, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440839/refugee-health-and-rehabilitation-challenges-and-response
#20
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya
BACKGROUND: The current global refugee crisis poses major challenges in providing effective healthcare to refugees, particularly for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) management and disability. This article provides an overview of refugee health and potential challenges from the rehabilitation perspective. METHODS: A literature search (both academic and grey literature) was conducted using medical and health science electronic databases and internet search engines (2001-2016)...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
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