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National physical activity strategy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228946/a-school-based-intervention-improved-dietary-intake-outcomes-and-reduced-waist-circumference-in-adolescents-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Angélica Ochoa-Avilés, Roosmarijn Verstraeten, Lieven Huybregts, Susana Andrade, John Van Camp, Silvana Donoso, Patricia Liliana Ramírez, Carl Lachat, Lea Maes, Patrick Kolsteren
BACKGROUND: In Ecuador, adolescents' food intake does not comply with guidelines for a healthy diet. Together with abdominal obesity adolescent's inadequate diets are risk factors for non-communicable diseases. We report the effectiveness of a school-based intervention on the dietary intake and waist circumference among Ecuadorian adolescents. METHODS: A pair-matched cluster randomized controlled trial including 1430 adolescents (12-14 years old) was conducted...
December 11, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222878/non-communicable-diseases-food-and-nutrition-in-vietnam-from-1975-to-2015-the-burden-and-national-response
#2
Tuan T Nguyen, Minh V Hoang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This review manuscript examines the burden and national response to non-communicable diseases (NCDs), food and nutrition security in Vietnam from 1975 to 2015. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We extracted data from peer-reviewed manuscripts and reports of nationally representative surveys and related policies in Vietnam. RESULTS: In 2010, NCDs accounted for 318,000 deaths (72% of total deaths), 6.7 million years of life lost, and 14 million disability-adjusted life years in Vietnam...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203555/physical-activity-investments-that-work-get-scotland-walking-a-national-walking-strategy-for-scotland
#3
Aileen Campbell, Catherine Calderwood, Graeme Hunter, Andrew Murray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 4, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195704/stakeholder-influence-in-public-sector-information-systems-strategy-implementation-the-case-of-public-hospitals-in-south-africa
#4
Boroto Hwabamungu, Irwin Brown, Quentin Williams
Recent literature on organisational strategy has called for greater emphasis on individuals (stakeholders) and what they do in the process of strategizing. Public sector organisations have to engage with an array of heterogeneous stakeholders in fulfilling their mandate. The public health sector in particular needs to engage with a diversity of stakeholders at local, regional and national levels when strategising. The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of stakeholder relations on the implementation of Information Systems (IS) strategy in public hospitals in South Africa...
January 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191230/implementation-fidelity-trajectories-of-a-health-promotion-program-in-multidisciplinary-settings-managing-tensions-in-rehabilitation-care
#5
Femke Hoekstra, Marjolein A G van Offenbeek, Rienk Dekker, Florentina J Hettinga, Trynke Hoekstra, Lucas H V van der Woude, Cees P van der Schans
BACKGROUND: Although the importance of evaluating implementation fidelity is acknowledged, little is known about heterogeneity in fidelity over time. This study aims to generate insight into the heterogeneity in implementation fidelity trajectories of a health promotion program in multidisciplinary settings and the relationship with changes in patients' health behavior. METHODS: This study used longitudinal data from the nationwide implementation of an evidence-informed physical activity promotion program in Dutch rehabilitation care...
December 1, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189729/sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-and-risks-of-obesity-and-hypertension-in-chinese-children-and-adolescents-a-national-cross-sectional-analysis
#6
Zhao-Huan Gui, Yan-Na Zhu, Li Cai, Feng-Hua Sun, Ying-Hua Ma, Jin Jing, Ya-Jun Chen
We investigated the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) and its association with obesity and hypertension in a national sample of children and adolescents in China, where many low- and middle-income families live. Data were obtained from a 2014 national intervention program against obesity in Chinese children and adolescents aged 6-17 years. Height, weight, waist circumference, and blood pressure were measured. Information of SSB consumption, socioeconomic status, dietary intake, screen time, and physical activity were self-reported...
November 30, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186782/forging-a-frailty-ready-healthcare-system-to-meet-population-ageing
#7
Wee Shiong Lim, Sweet Fun Wong, Ian Leong, Philip Choo, Weng Sun Pang
The beginning of the 21st century has seen health systems worldwide struggling to deliver quality healthcare amidst challenges posed by ageing populations. The increasing prevalence of frailty with older age and accompanying complexities in physical, cognitive, social and psychological dimensions renders the present modus operandi of fragmented, facility-centric, doctor-based, and illness-centered care delivery as clearly unsustainable. In line with the public health framework for action in the World Health Organization's World Health and Ageing Report, meeting these challenges will require a systemic reform of healthcare delivery that is integrated, patient-centric, team-based, and health-centered...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186618/semi-automatized-segmentation-method-using-image-based-flow-cytometry-to-study-sperm-physiology-the-case-of-capacitation-induced-tyrosine-phosphorylation
#8
Arturo Matamoros-Volante, Ayelen Moreno-Irusta, Paulina Torres-Rodriguez, Laura Giojalas, María G Gervasi, Pablo E Visconti, Claudia L Treviño
STUDY QUESTION: Is image-based flow cytometry a useful tool to study intracellular events in human sperm such as protein tyrosine phosphorylation or signaling processes? SUMMARY ANSWER: Image-based flow cytometry is a powerful tool to study intracellular events in a relevant number of sperm cells, which enables a robust statistical analysis providing spatial resolution in terms of the specific subcellular localization of the labeling. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Sperm capacitation is required for fertilization...
November 25, 2017: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185627/strategies-for-enhancing-the-implementation-of-school-based-policies-or-practices-targeting-risk-factors-for-chronic-disease
#9
REVIEW
Luke Wolfenden, Nicole K Nathan, Rachel Sutherland, Sze Lin Yoong, Rebecca K Hodder, Rebecca J Wyse, Tessa Delaney, Alice Grady, Alison Fielding, Flora Tzelepis, Tara Clinton-McHarg, Benjamin Parmenter, Peter Butler, John Wiggers, Adrian Bauman, Andrew Milat, Debbie Booth, Christopher M Williams
BACKGROUND: A number of school-based policies or practices have been found to be effective in improving child diet and physical activity, and preventing excessive weight gain, tobacco or harmful alcohol use. Schools, however, frequently fail to implement such evidence-based interventions. OBJECTIVES: The primary aims of the review are to examine the effectiveness of strategies aiming to improve the implementation of school-based policies, programs or practices to address child diet, physical activity, obesity, tobacco or alcohol use...
November 29, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136490/adopting-state-level-policy-to-support-physical-activity-among-school-aged-children-and-adolescents-georgia-s-shape-act
#10
Rodney S Lyn, Erica R Sheldon, Michael P Eriksen
Physical inactivity among children is a public health problem associated with low levels of fitness, obesity, and increased risk of chronic diseases. Public health experts have identified policies targeting physical activity as a promising strategy to address this challenge. Understanding the process by which such policies are adopted may help to facilitate progress nationally. To examine lessons learned from the passage of the Student Health and Physical Education Act in Georgia, we conducted 15 interviews with people engaged in the adoption of the act...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125484/general-practice-clinical-data-help-identify-dementia-hotspots-a-novel-geospatial-analysis-approach
#11
Nasser Bagheri, Kinley Wangdi, Nicolas Cherbuin, Kaarin J Anstey
We have a poor understanding of whether dementia clusters geographically, how this occurs, and how dementia may relate to socio-demographic factors. To shed light on these important questions, this study aimed to compute a dementia risk score for individuals to assess spatial variation of dementia risk, identify significant clusters (hotspots), and explore their association with socioeconomic status. We used clinical records from 16 general practices (468 Statistical Area level 1 s, N = 14,746) from the city of west Adelaide, Australia for the duration of 1 January 2012 to 31 December 2014...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122808/study-design-and-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-an-intervention-to-reduce-and-break-up-sitting-time-in-primary-school-classrooms-in-the-uk-the-class-pal-physically-active-learning-programme
#12
Ash C Routen, Stuart J H Biddle, Danielle H Bodicoat, Lorraine Cale, Stacy Clemes, Charlotte L Edwardson, Cris Glazebrook, Deirdre M Harrington, Kamlesh Khunti, Natalie Pearson, Jo Salmon, Lauren B Sherar
INTRODUCTION: Children engage in a high volume of sitting in school, particularly in the classroom. A number of strategies, such as physically active lessons (termed movement integration (MI)), have been developed to integrate physical activity into this learning environment; however, no single approach is likely to meet the needs of all pupils and teachers. This protocol outlines an implementation study of a primary school-based MI intervention: CLASS PAL (Physically Active Learning) programme...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117203/using-functional-data-analysis-to-understand-daily-activity-levels-and-patterns-in-primary-school-aged-children-cross-sectional-analysis-of-a-uk-wide-study
#13
Francesco Sera, Lucy J Griffiths, Carol Dezateux, Marco Geraci, Mario Cortina-Borja
BACKGROUND: Temporal characterisation of physical activity in children is required for effective strategies to increase physical activity (PA). Evidence regarding determinants of physical activity in childhood and their time-dependent patterns remain inconclusive. We used functional data analysis (FDA) to model temporal profiles of daily activity, measured objectively using accelerometers, to identify diurnal and seasonal PA patterns in a nationally representative sample of primary school-aged UK children...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104092/mild-cognitive-impairment-and-physical-activity-in-the-general-population-findings-from-six-low-and-middle-income-countries
#14
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Elvira Lara, Mathieu Vandenbulcke, Nathalie Swinnen, Ai Koyanagi
INTRODUCTION: Despite the beneficial effects of physical activity (PA) for people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) on cognition and the acknowledgement that MCI is a critical period for intervening to prevent dementia, little is known about the actual PA levels in people with MCI. This study investigates the relationship between MCI and compliance with PA recommendations. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the World Health Organization's Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health (China, Ghana, India, Mexico, Russia, South Africa) (n=32,715; mean age=62...
November 6, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040516/integrated-mental-health-services-in-china-challenges-and-planning-for-the-future
#15
Di Liang, Vickie M Mays, Wei-Chin Hwang
Eager to build an integrated community-based mental health system, in 2004 China started the '686 Programme', whose purpose was to integrate hospital and community services for patients with serious mental illness. In 2015, the National Mental Health Working Plan (2015-2020) proposed an ambitious strategy for implementing this project. The goal of this review is to assess potential opportunities for and barriers to successful implementation of a community-based mental health system that integrates hospital and community mental health services into the general healthcare system...
October 13, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038669/body-composition-is-altered-in-pre-diabetic-patients-with-impaired-fasting-glucose-tolerance-results-from-the-nhanes-survey
#16
Valerie Julian, Romain Blondel, Bruno Pereira, David Thivel, Yves Boirie, Martine Duclos
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggest that type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with a loss of muscle mass but the impact of fasting blood glucose (FBG) on body composition remains underappreciated in pre-diabetic subjects. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of FBG on lean mass (LM), fat mass (FM) and their distribution (trunk vs. appendicular), separately in middle-aged men and women. METHODS: One thousand nine hundred and eleven (1,911) men (63...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029627/determinants-of-self-rated-health-among-shanghai-elders-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Weizhen Dong, Jin Wan, Yanjun Xu, Chun Chen, Ge Bai, Lyuying Fang, Anjiang Sun, Yinghua Yang, Ying Wang
BACKGROUND: As the most populous nation in the world, China has now becoming an emerging ageing society. Shanghai is the first city facing the challenge of ageing demographics. Against this background, a study that employs self-rated health (SRH) assessment system was designed to explore the health status of Shanghai elders, and learn their attitudes toward health issues; as well as to investigate the determinants of SRH among Shanghai elders. Understanding SRH is crucial for finding appropriate solutions that could effectively tackle the increasing eldercare demand...
October 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017505/study-protocol-patient-reported-outcomes-for-bladder-management-strategies-in-spinal-cord-injury
#18
Darshan P Patel, Sara M Lenherr, John T Stoffel, Sean P Elliott, Blayne Welk, Angela P Presson, Amitabh Jha, Jeffrey Rosenbluth, Jeremy B Myers
BACKGROUND: The majority of spinal cord injury (SCI) patients have urinary issues, such as incontinence, retention, and frequency. These problems place a significant burden on patients' physical health and quality of life (QoL). There are a wide variety of bladder management strategies available to patients with no clear guidelines on appropriate selection. Inappropriate bladder management can cause hospitalizations and serious complications, such as urosepsis and renal failure. Patients believe that both independence and ability to carry out daily activities are just as important as physical health in selecting the right bladder-management strategy but little is known about patient's QoL with different bladder managements...
October 10, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991184/from-delivery-to-adoption-of-physical-activity-guidelines-realist-synthesis
#19
REVIEW
Liliana Leone, Caterina Pesce
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based guidelines published by health authorities for the promotion of health-enhancing physical activity (PA), continue to be implemented unsuccessfully and demonstrate a gap between evidence and policies. This review synthesizes evidence on factors influencing delivery, adoption and implementation of PA promotion guidelines within different policy sectors (e.g., health, transport, urban planning, sport, education). METHODS: Published literature was initially searched using PubMed, EBSCO, Google Scholar and continued through an iterative snowball technique...
October 8, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985128/national-athletic-trainers-association-position-statement-fluid-replacement-for-the-physically-active
#20
Brendon P McDermott, Scott A Anderson, Lawrence E Armstrong, Douglas J Casa, Samuel N Cheuvront, Larry Cooper, W Larry Kenney, Francis G O'Connor, William O Roberts
OBJECTIVE:   To present evidence-based recommendations that promote optimized fluid-maintenance practices for physically active individuals. BACKGROUND:   Both a lack of adequate fluid replacement (hypohydration) and excessive intake (hyperhydration) can compromise athletic performance and increase health risks. Athletes need access to water to prevent hypohydration during physical activity but must be aware of the risks of overdrinking and hyponatremia. Drinking behavior can be modified by education, accessibility, experience, and palatability...
September 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
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