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National physical activity strategy

Subha Ramanathan, Guy Faulkner, Tanya Berry, Sameer Deshpande, Amy E Latimer-Cheung, Ryan E Rhodes, John C Spence, Mark S Tremblay
INTRODUCTION: ParticipACTION is a Canadian physical activity communications and social marketing organization relaunched in 2007. The purpose of this study was to qualitatively investigate organizational capacity for physical activity promotion among Canadian organizations, and the influence of ParticipACTION on capacity five years after relaunch. METHODS: Using a purposive sampling strategy, semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with 44 key informants representing national, provincial, and local organizations with a mandate to promote physical activity...
April 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
Natalie D Ritchie, Jennifer K Carroll, Jodi Summers Holtrop, Edward P Havranek
The National Diabetes Prevention Program (NDPP) is the most widely available behavioral intervention to prevent diabetes, but attrition is a concern and strategies are needed to make the program more engaging. Previous evidence suggests that the 150-min weekly physical activity goal in NDPP is hard for many to achieve. Further study of the impact of this protocol recommendation may improve understanding for NDPP reach and effectiveness in reducing diabetes risk. We conducted an observational study of relationships between physical activity goal attainment and retention and weight loss among 391 NDPP participants between March 2013 and May 2016...
April 12, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Ken Nakata, Toshinaga Tsuji, Jeffrey Vietri, Dena H Jaffe
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most common causes of health and work impairment; however, this relationship, especially in Japan, is not well characterized. This study examined work impairment and OA in Japanese workers, specifically the relationship with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and health status. METHODS: This retrospective, cross-sectional observational study included the data of employed adults with a self-reported OA diagnosis from the 2014 Japan National Health and Wellness Survey...
April 17, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Xuefeng Liu, Ana Baylin, Phillip D Levy
Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) and insufficiency (VDI) are increasing at a global level, and they are associated with increased risk of various diseases. However, little information is available on the prevalence and predictors of VDD and VDI in a representative population of US adults. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) measurements were collected from 26 010 adults aged ≥18 years from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2001-2010. Using thresholds recommended by the Endocrine Society, VDD was defined as 25(OH)D<50 nmol/l and VDI as 50≤25(OH)D<75 nmol/l...
April 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Keiko Katagiri, Ju-Hyun Kim
AIMS: Japan and Korea are the world's most aged and most rapidly aging nations. They both have low fertility rates, thereby intensifying the importance of social structures to aid a large, dependent population of older adults. Common strategies involve improving their social participation, which enhances their physical and mental health, so they are supporting society rather than being supported. Since the social participation rates in both countries are not as high as those of Western countries, it is critical to shed light on the factors related to social participation of the elderly...
2018: PloS One
R Rima Jolivet, Bella Vasant Uttekar, Meaghan O'Connor, Kanchan Lakhwani, Jigyasa Sharma, Mary Nell Wegner
BACKGROUND: Making high-quality health care available to all women during pregnancy is a critical strategy for improving perinatal outcomes for mothers and babies everywhere. Research from high-income countries suggests that antenatal care delivered in a group may be an effective way to improve the provision, experiences, and outcomes of care for pregnant women and newborns. A number of researchers and programmers are adapting group antenatal care (ANC) models for use in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), but the evidence base from these settings is limited and no studies to date have assessed the feasibility and acceptability of group ANC in India...
April 3, 2018: Reproductive Health
Hélène Mathiot, Angélique Nugier, Viêt Nguyen-Thanh
INTRODUCTION: "J'aime manger, j'aime bouger, le guide nutrition pour les adolescents", ("I love to eat and move, the nutrition pamphlet for teenagers"), which is one of the eight information guides of the French Nutritional and Health Programme, is distributed annually by Santé publique France, the national public health agency, to 8th grade students by their biology teachers. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of this dissemination plan and the way 8th grade students and biology teachers perceive the pamphlet...
January 2018: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
Andrea Ramirez Varela, Deborah Salvo, Michael Pratt, Karen Milton, Katja Siefken, Adrian Bauman, Harold W Kohl, I-Min Lee, Gregory Heath, Charlie Foster, Kenneth Powell, Pedro C Hallal
BACKGROUND: The work of The Global Observatory for Physical Activity-GoPA! is the first global effort to compile standardized country-level surveillance, policy and research data for physical activity in order to better understand how countries and regions address promoting physical activity. GoPA! developed standardized country-specific physical activity profiles ("Country Cards") to summarize country-level data through 2013. The aim of this study was to assess use of the Country Cards, identify the factors associated with their use, and develop recommendations for supporting country-level physical activity promotion...
March 27, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Julie Bruce, Esther Williamson, Clare Lait, Helen Richmond, Lauren Betteley, Ranjit Lall, Stavros Petrou, Sophie Rees, Emma J Withers, Sarah E Lamb, Alastair M Thompson
Musculoskeletal shoulder problems are common after breast cancer treatment. Early postoperative exercises targeting the upper limb may improve shoulder function. This protocol describes a National Institute for Health Research-funded randomised controlled trial (RCT) to evaluate the clinical and cost-effectiveness of an early supervised structured exercise programme compared with usual care, for women at high risk of developing shoulder problems after breast cancer surgery. METHODS: This pragmatic two-armed, multicentre RCT is underway within secondary care in the UK...
March 23, 2018: BMJ Open
Ian Kudel, Jefferson S Alves, Thiago de Menezes Goncalves, Kristjan Kull, Emil Nørtoft
Background: Obesity is associated with significant physical, psychosocial and economic burden globally. In Brazil, almost 50% of the population is either overweight or obese. The prevalence of morbid obesity increased by 255% between 1975 and 2003. The current study sought to quantify the relationship between weight status and health outcomes. Methods: Data from three waves (2011, 2012, and 2015) of the Brazil National Health and Wellness Survey, an Internet-based survey administered to a demographically diverse sample of Brazilian adults, were used...
2018: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
Abdul Aziz Abdulai, Patrick Agana-Nsiire, Frank Biney, Cynthia Kwakye-Maclean, Sardick Kyei-Faried, Kwame Amponsa-Achiano, Shirley Victoria Simpson, George Bonsu, Sally-Ann Ohene, William Kwabena Ampofo, Yaw Adu-Sarkodie, Kennedy Kwasi Addo, Kai-Hua Chi, Damien Danavall, Cheng Y Chen, Allan Pillay, Sergi Sanz, Ye Tun, Oriol Mitjà, Kingsley Bampoe Asiedu, Ronald C Ballard
INTRODUCTION: The WHO yaws eradication strategy consists of one round of total community treatment (TCT) of single-dose azithromycin with coverage of > 90%.The efficacy of the strategy to reduce the levels on infection has been demonstrated previously in isolated island communities in the Pacific region. We aimed to determine the efficacy of a single round of TCT with azithromycin to achieve a decrease in yaws prevalence in communities that are endemic for yaws and surrounded by other yaws-endemic areas...
March 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Tina J Kauh, Nicola Dawkins-Lyn, Carrie Dooyema, Carole Harris, Jan Jernigan, Laura Kettel Khan, Phyllis Ottley, Deborah Young-Hyman
BACKGROUND: Recent findings show that national childhood obesity prevalence overall is improving among some age groups, but that disparities continue to persist, particularly among populations that have historically been at higher risk of obesity and overweight. Over the past several years, many jurisdictions at the city or county level across the nation have also reported declines. Little evaluation has focused on understanding the factors that influence the implementation of efforts to reduce childhood obesity rates...
March 2018: Childhood Obesity
Phyllis G Ottley, Nicola Dawkins-Lyn, Carole Harris, Carrie Dooyema, Jan Jernigan, Tina Kauh, Laura Kettel Khan, Deborah Young-Hyman
BACKGROUND: Although childhood obesity rates have been high in the last few decades, recent national reports indicate a stabilization of rates among some subpopulations of children. This study examines the implementation of initiatives, policies, and programs (referred to as strategies) in four communities that experienced declines in childhood obesity between 2003 and 2012. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Childhood Obesity Decline project verified obesity declines and identified strategies that may have influenced and supported the decline in obesity...
March 2018: Childhood Obesity
Jing-Jy Wang, Yueh-Ying Yang, Mei-Yin Liu
Advancing medical technology continues to extend the average human life span, resulting in population aging globally as well as in Taiwan. The challenges posed by aging society increase not only medical and care costs but also the burden on pension funds and the social welfare system. In addition, there is currently a desperate need for many well-trained health providers as well as a friendly and comprehensive long-term care system. However, attention should not simply focus on medical payments and long-term care, as this may prolong the length of unhealthy living years for the aged and further strain national finances...
April 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Whitney A Welch, Bonnie Spring, Siobhan M Phillips, Juned Siddique
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to identify whether weather-related factors moderate the effect of a physical activity (PA) intervention. METHODS: Participants (N=204, 77% female, mean age 33 [SD=11] years, mean BMI 28.2 [SD=7.1]) from the Make Better Choices 1 trial, enrolled April 2005 to April 2008, were randomized to one of two treatment conditions: (1) increase moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) treatment group, or (2) decrease sedentary behavior control group...
March 15, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Sarang Kim, Mitchell McMaster, Susan Torres, Kay L Cox, Nicola Lautenschlager, George W Rebok, Dimity Pond, Catherine D'Este, Ian McRae, Nicolas Cherbuin, Kaarin J Anstey
INTRODUCTION: It has been estimated that a 10%-25% reduction in seven key risk factors could potentially prevent 1.1-3.0 million Alzheimer's disease cases globally. In addition, as dementia is preceded by more subtle cognitive deficits which have substantial social and economic impact, effective preventative interventions would likely have more extensive benefits. The current study evaluates in primary care a multidomain risk-reduction intervention targeting adults with high risk of developing dementia...
March 17, 2018: BMJ Open
Bernardo Costa-Pinel, Santiago Mestre-Miravet, Francisco Barrio-Torrell, Joan-Josep Cabré-Vila, Xavier Cos-Claramunt, Sofía Aguilar-Sanz, Claustre Solé-Brichs, Conxa Castell-Abat, Victoria Arija-Val, Jaana Lindström
BACKGROUND: The DE-PLAN-CAT project (Diabetes in Europe-Prevention using lifestyle, physical activity and nutritional intervention-Catalonia) has shown that an intensive lifestyle intervention is feasible in the primary care setting and substantially reduces the incidence of diabetes among high-risk Mediterranean participants. The DP-TRANSFERS project (Diabetes Prevention-Transferring findings from European research to society) is a large-scale national programme aimed at implementing this intervention in primary care centres whenever feasible...
2018: PloS One
Dawn M Holman, Helen Ding, Gery P Guy, Meg Watson, Anne M Hartman, Frank M Perna
Importance: Monitoring sun protection and sunburn over time at the population level can provide valuable information about progress toward skin cancer prevention goals and inform future intervention efforts. Objective: To examine the prevalence of sun protection use (shade, sunscreen, and clothing) and sunburn and the association between sunburn and individual characteristics and health behaviors in the US population. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this cross-sectional study using a nationally representative sample of 31 162 US adults from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey-Cancer Control Supplement, household interviews of civilian, noninstitutionalized US adults were conducted throughout 2015 in person and completed on the telephone when necessary...
March 14, 2018: JAMA Dermatology
Jason R Falvey, Robert E Burke, Kyle J Ridgeway, Daniel J Malone, Jeri E Forster, Jennifer E Stevens-Lapsley
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Recent evidence has suggested physical therapist involvement in care transitions after hospitalization is associated with reduced rates of hospital readmissions. However, little is known about how physical therapists participate in care transitions for older adults, the content of care communications, and the facilitators and barriers of implementing evidence-based care transition strategies into practice. Thus, the purpose of this article is to evaluate participation in care transition activities known to influence readmission risk among older adults, and understand perceptions of and barriers to participation in these activities...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
S A Darfour-Oduro, J E Andrade, D S Grigsby-Toussaint
Background: Inadequate physical activity (PA) and consumption of fruits and vegetables (FV) are known risk factors for non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Consequently, the World Health Organization (WHO) encourages the development of policies to increase PA and FV consumption. We reviewed available policies between 2004 and 2013 to increase FV consumption and PA from a convenience sample of 49 LMICs. Method: Information on national policies were obtained from government ministries involved with the formulation of nutrition and PA policies, WHO databases and from PubMed and Scopus...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Public Health
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