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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231425/practice-patterns-regarding-multidisciplinary-cancer-management-and-suggestions-for-further-refinement-results-from-a-national-survey-in-korea
#1
Yun-Gyoo Lee, Sukjoong Oh, Heejin Kimm, Dong-Hoe Koo, Do Yeun Kim, Bong-Seog Kim, Seung-Sei Lee
Purpose: This study was conducted to explore the process and operation of a cancer multidisciplinary team (MDT) after the reimbursement decision in Korea, and to identify ways to overcome the major barriers to effective and sustainable MDTs. Materials and Methods: Approximately 1000 cancer specialists, including medical oncologists, surgical oncologists, radiation oncologists, pathologists, and radiologists in general hospitals in Korea were invited to complete the survey...
February 22, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230792/static-hot-air-and-infrared-rays-roasting-are-efficient-methods-for-aflatoxin-decontamination-on-hazelnuts
#2
Ilenia Siciliano, Barbara Dal Bello, Giuseppe Zeppa, Davide Spadaro, Maria Lodovica Gullino
Aflatoxins are a group of secondary metabolites produced by members of Aspergillus Section Flavi that are dangerous to humans and animals. Nuts can be potentially contaminated with aflatoxins, often over the legal threshold. Food processes, including roasting, may have different effects on mycotoxins, and high temperatures have proven to be very effective in the reduction of mycotoxins. In this work, two different roasting methods-traditional static hot air roasting and infra-red rays roasting-were applied and compared for the detoxification of hazelnuts from Italy and Turkey...
February 21, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230583/evaluating-the-impact-of-radio-frequency-identification-retained-surgical-instruments-tracking-on-patient-safety-literature-review
#3
Kumiko O Schnock, Bonnie Biggs, Anne Fladger, David W Bates, Ronen Rozenblum
BACKGROUND: Retained surgical instruments (RSI) are one of the most serious preventable complications in operating room settings, potentially leading to profound adverse effects for patients, as well as costly legal and financial consequences for hospitals. Safety measures to eliminate RSIs have been widely adopted in the United States and abroad, but despite widespread efforts, medical errors with RSI have not been eliminated. OBJECTIVE: Through a systematic review of recent studies, we aimed to identify the impact of radio frequency identification (RFID) technology on reducing RSI errors and improving patient safety...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229493/issues-with-monitoring-the-safety-of-psychoactive-products-under-a-legal-regulated-market-for-new-psychoactive-substances-legal-highs-in-new-zealand
#4
Marta Rychert, Chris Wilkins, Karen Witten
INTRODUCTION: New Zealand's Psychoactive Substances Act (2013) established the world's first regulated market for 'low risk' psychoactive products ('legal highs'). Under an interim PSA regime, 47 existing products were permitted to be continued to be sold. AIM: To explore issues with the implementation of regulatory systems to monitor the safety of products on the legal market under the interim Psychoactive Substances Act regime. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with 30 key stakeholders, including industry, government agency, health and drug service professionals were conducted, transcribed and analysed thematically...
February 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224311/prevalence-incidence-and-sex-ratio-of-transsexualism-in-the-autonomous-region-of-madrid-spain-according-to-healthcare-demand
#5
Antonio Becerra-Fernández, José Miguel Rodríguez-Molina, Nuria Asenjo-Araque, María Jesús Lucio-Pérez, Miguel Cuchí-Alfaro, Eduardo García-Camba, Gilberto Pérez-López, Miriam Menacho-Román, María Carmen Berrocal-Sertucha, Domingo Ly-Pen, María Victorina Aguilar-Vilas
In recent years, different studies have provided estimates of the prevalence of transsexualism with very diverse results. The purpose of this study was to ascertain the prevalence, incidence, and sex ratio of transsexualism in the autonomous region of Madrid (Spain). A total of 1234 patients who attended from 2007 to the end of 2015 in the only Gender Identity Unit (GIU) in Madrid were analyzed. Sixty-three patients were excluded for various reasons; thus, 1171 could be included: 803 male-to-female (MtF) and 368 female-to-male (FtM) transsexual patients...
February 21, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224246/comparison-of-veterinary-drug-residue-results-in-animal-tissues-by-ultrahigh-performance-liquid-chromatography-coupled-to-triple-quadrupole-or-quadrupole-time-of-flight-tandem-mass-spectrometry-after-different-sample-preparation-methods-including-use-of-a-commercial
#6
Tarun Anumol, Steven J Lehotay, Joan Stevens, Jerry Zweigenbaum
Veterinary drug residues in animal-derived foods must be monitored to ensure food safety, verify proper veterinary practices, enforce legal limits in domestic and imported foods, and for other purposes. A common goal in drug residue analysis in foods is to achieve acceptable monitoring results for as many analytes as possible, with higher priority given to the drugs of most concern, in an efficient and robust manner. The U.S. Department of Agriculture has implemented a multiclass, multi-residue method based on sample preparation using dispersive solid phase extraction (d-SPE) for cleanup and ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography-tandem quadrupole mass spectrometry (UHPLC-QQQ) for analysis of >120 drugs at regulatory levels of concern in animal tissues...
February 21, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222716/assessing-the-feasibility-of-introducing-health-insurance-in-afghanistan-a-qualitative-stakeholder-analysis
#7
Wu Zeng, Christine Kim, Lauren Archer, Omarzaman Sayedi, Mohammad Yousuf Jabarkhil, Kathleen Sears
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, the health status of Afghans has improved drastically. However, the health financing system in Afghanistan remains fragile due to high out-of-pocket spending and reliance on donor funding. To address the country's health financing challenges, the Ministry of Public Health investigated health insurance as a mechanism to mobilize resources for health. This paper presents stakeholders' opinions on seven preconditions of implementing this approach, as their understanding and buy-in to such an approach will determine its success...
February 22, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222476/-positionpaper-on-telemonitoring-in-sleep-related-breathing-disorders
#8
W Randerath, M Bögel, C Franke, A Hellmann, B Jany, G Nilius, T Penzel, T Voshaar, A Wiater
The use of telemonitoring in the care of patients with Sleep-related Breathing Disorders (SBD) can enhance medical support significantly. Telemonitoring aims at helping physicians to detect therapy problems early and thus improve patients' therapy adherence. Diagnostics and therapy decisions in the telemonitoring process nevertheless remain the responsibility of sleep specialists. The selection of data monitored, their evaluation and resulting consequences fall to the physician, who makes decisions and prescribes therapy in consultation with the patient...
February 2017: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221086/cassandra-s-regret-the-psychology-of-not-wanting-to-know
#9
Gerd Gigerenzer, Rocio Garcia-Retamero
Ignorance is generally pictured as an unwanted state of mind, and the act of willful ignorance may raise eyebrows. Yet people do not always want to know, demonstrating a lack of curiosity at odds with theories postulating a general need for certainty, ambiguity aversion, or the Bayesian principle of total evidence. We propose a regret theory of deliberate ignorance that covers both negative feelings that may arise from foreknowledge of negative events, such as death and divorce, and positive feelings of surprise and suspense that may arise from foreknowledge of positive events, such as knowing the sex of an unborn child...
March 2017: Psychological Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220762/drug-detection-in-breath-non-invasive-assessment-of-illicit-or-pharmaceutical-drugs
#10
Phillip Trefz, Svend Kamysek, Patricia Fuchs, Pritam Sukul, Jochen Schubert, Wolfram Miekisch
Breath analysis not only holds great potential for the development of new non-invasive diagnostic methods, but also for the identification and follow up of drug levels in breath. This is of interest for both, forensic and medical science. On the one hand, the detection of drugs of abuse in exhaled breath - similar to the well-known breath alcohol tests - would be highly desirable as an alternative to blood or urine analysis in situations such as police controls for drugged driving. The noninvasive detection of drugs and their metabolites is thus of great interest in forensic science, especially since marijuana is becoming legalized in certain parts of the U...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220355/dutch-protocols-for-deliberately-ending-the-life-of-newborns-a-defence
#11
Matthew Tedesco
The Groningen Protocol, introduced in the Netherlands in 2005 and accompanied by revised guidelines published in a report commissioned by the Royal Dutch Medical Association in 2014, specifies conditions under which the lives of severely ill newborns may be deliberately ended. Its publication came four years after the Netherlands became the first nation to legalize the voluntary active euthanasia of adults, and the Netherlands remains the only country to offer a pathway to protecting physicians who might engage in deliberately ending the life of a newborn (DELN)...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219238/public-health-risk-of-arsenic-species-in-chicken-tissues-from-live-poultry-markets-of-guangdong-province-china
#12
Yuanan Hu, Wenfeng Zhang, Hefa Cheng, Shu Tao
Arsenic-based feed additives, such as roxarsone (ROX), are still legally and widely used in food animal production in many countries. This study was conducted to systematically characterize the content and speciation of arsenic in chicken tissues from live poultry markets and in commercial chicken feeds in Guangdong, a major poultry production and consumption province in China, and to assess the corresponding public health risk. The total arsenic contents in the commercial feeds could be modeled as a mixture of two log-normal distributions (geometric means: 0...
February 21, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218159/awareness-of-legal-and-social-issues-related-to-reproductive-health-among-adolescent-girls-in-rural-varanasi
#13
Sangeeta Kansal, Sweta Singh, Alok Kumar
BACKGROUND: Data on awareness of adolescent's on the legal and social issues/acts related to reproductive health, especially in rural areas, are scarce. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present cross-sectional study is to assess the awareness level of legal and social issues related to reproductive health and its association with the various individual and family/household level characteristics. METHODS: 650 adolescent girls in the age group of 15-19 years were interviewed with the help of pretested and semistructured questionnaire and focus group discussions were also conducted for qualitative findings in Chiraigaon block of district Varanasi...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217603/the-prevalence-of-domestic-violence-and-its-associated-factors-among-married-women-in-a-rural-area-of-puducherry-south-india
#14
Jismary George, Divya Nair, Nancy R Premkumar, Nirmala Saravanan, Palanivel Chinnakali, Gautam Roy
BACKGROUND: Violence against women is an emerging problem worldwide and more so in India. Considering its adverse effects on women's health, assessing the burden of violence in the community will help in planning services for the victims. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of domestic violence and to identify factors associated with domestic violence among married women in reproductive age group in rural Puducherry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was carried out in a rural area of Puducherry, South India...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216766/forensic-psychiatry-in-india-past-present-and-future
#15
REVIEW
S Nambi, Siva Ilango, Lakshmi Prabha
Forensic psychiatry is a subspecialty of psychiatry, in which scientific and clinical expertise is applied to legal issues in legal contexts embracing civil, criminal, correctional, or legislative matters. Forensic psychiatry is still in an infant stage in India and other developing countries. Law is the sanctioning discipline, and Psychiatry is the therapeutic discipline. Due to various reasons, Forensic Psychiatry is reared as Cinderella in our country; "which is much neglected, ignored, misinterpreted, and misunderstood...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214136/japanese-guidelines-for-occupational-allergic-diseases-2017
#16
REVIEW
Kunio Dobashi, Kazuo Akiyama, Atsushi Usami, Hiroo Yokozeki, Zenro Ikezawa, Naomi Tsurikisawa, Yoichi Nakamura, Kazuhiro Sato, Jiro Okumura, Kaoru Takayama
In 2013, a guideline for occupational allergic diseases was published for the first time in Japan. Occupational allergic diseases are likely to worsen or become intractable as a result of continuous exposure to high concentrations of causative antigens, and are socioeconomically important diseases with which the patients might sometimes lose jobs due to work interruptions. Guidelines for occupational allergic diseases have been published in many countries. This guideline consists of six chapters about occupational asthma, occupational allergic rhinitis, occupational skin diseases, hypersensitivity pneumonitis and occupational anaphylaxis shock, and legal aspects of these diseases...
February 14, 2017: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210321/telemedicine-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#17
Nicolino Ambrosino, Guido Vagheggini, Stefano Mazzoleni, Michele Vitacca
: Telemedicine is a medical application of advanced technology to disease management. This modality may provide benefits also to patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Different devices and systems are used. The legal problems associated with telemedicine are still controversial. Economic advantages for healthcare systems, though potentially high, are still poorly investigated. A European Respiratory Society Task Force has defined indications, follow-up, equipment, facilities, legal and economic issues of tele-monitoring of COPD patients including those undergoing home mechanical ventilation...
December 2016: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207919/tardive-dyskinesia-21st-century-may-bring-new-treatments-to-a-forgotten-disorder
#18
Gopalkumar Rakesh, Andrew Muzyk, Steven T Szabo, Sanjay Gupta, Chi-Un Pae, Prakash Masand
BACKGROUND: Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is a condition that was first described nearly 60 years ago. Despite the tremendous amount of research on pathophysiology and numerous follow-up studies to understand the course and prognosis of TD, effective treatment of the condition continued to elude us until recently. METHODS: We review and summarize clinical literature on TD, as well as provide an update on new treatments available. RESULTS: The emergence of tetrabenazine as a treatment modality decreased suffering and improved quality of life for patients...
February 1, 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205120/establishment-of-legal-paternity-for-children-of-unmarried-american-women-trade-offs-in-male-commitment-to-paternal-investment
#19
Kermyt G Anderson
The establishment of a legal father for children of unmarried parents reflects both high paternity confidence and male willingness to commit to paternal investment. Whether an unmarried man voluntarily acknowledges paternity after a child is born has important consequences for both the mother and child. This paper brings to bear a life history perspective on paternity establishment, noting that men face trade-offs between mating and parental effort and that women will adjust their investment in children based on expected male investment...
February 15, 2017: Human Nature: An Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204935/a-review-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-aesthetic-surgery-patients-and-the-legal-implications
#20
Iliana E Sweis, Jamie Spitz, David R Barry, Mimis Cohen
BACKGROUND: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is an often under-recognized yet severe psychiatric illness. There is limited guidance for plastic surgeons in the USA in how to recognize and manage patients with BDD and protect themselves from potential litigation and harm. Therefore, in collaboration with legal counsel, we remind our profession of the serious nature of patients with BDD, provide warning signs for recognizing BDD, and critically evaluate the validity of informed consent and the legal ramifications of operating on such patients in the USA...
February 15, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
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