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Community Policing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349844/exploration-of-joint-working-practices-on-anti-social-behaviour-between-criminal-justice-mental-health-and-social-care-agencies-a-qualitative-study
#1
Anne Krayer, Catherine A Robinson, Rob Poole
Although the police play an important role for people with mental health problems in the community, little is known about joint working practices between mental health, social care and police services. There is potential for tensions and negative outcomes for people with mental health problems, in particular when the focus is on behaviours that could be interpreted as anti-social. This study explores perceptions about joint working between mental health, social care and police services with regard to anti-social behaviour...
January 18, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345487/on-the-general-acceptance-of-confessions-research-opinions-of-the-scientific-community
#2
Saul M Kassin, Allison D Redlich, Fabiana Alceste, Timothy J Luke
Eighty-seven experts on the psychology of confessions-many of whom were highly published, many with courtroom experience-were surveyed online about their opinions on 30 propositions of relevance to deception detection, police interrogations, confessions, and relevant general principles of psychology. As indicated by an agreement rate of at least 80%, there was a strong consensus that several findings are sufficiently reliable to present in court. This list includes but is not limited to the proposition that the risk of false confessions is increased not only by explicit threats and promises but by 2 common interrogation tactics-namely, the false evidence ploy and minimization tactics that imply leniency by offering sympathy and moral justification...
January 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332533/assessing-the-impact-of-a-focused-deterrence-strategy-to-combat-intimate-partner-domestic-violence
#3
Stacy M Sechrist, John D Weil
The Offender Focused Domestic Violence Initiative (OFDVI) represents for the first time anywhere the application of the evidence-based focused deterrence policing approach to combat intimate partner domestic violence (IPDV). Through holding offenders accountable, the strategy has resulted in 20% reductions each in IPDV-related calls for police service and arrests. Victim injuries have been significantly reduced and the 1-year IPDV offender recidivism rate is about 16-17%. The backbone of the OFDVI strategy is the multidisciplinary collaboration of law enforcement and community partners which has resulted in identification and resolving system issues which have historically allowed offenders to repeat IPDV without consequence...
February 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305526/associations-of-neighbourhood-crime-with-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-among-women-in-chicago-analysis-of-electronic-health-records-from-2009-to-2013
#4
Stephanie L Mayne, Lindsay R Pool, William A Grobman, Kiarri N Kershaw
BACKGROUND: Adverse pregnancy outcomes are associated with higher cardiovascular disease risk among mothers and future health problems of offspring. Neighbourhood crime may contribute to adverse pregnancy outcomes by increasing chronic stress, yet the association has been relatively understudied. METHODS: Electronic health records from 34 383 singleton births at a single hospital in Chicago (2009-2013) were geocoded and linked to 1-year rates of police-recorded crime at the neighbourhood (Chicago community area) level...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300143/performative-retelling-healing-community-stories-of-loss-through-playback-theatre
#5
Melissa A Smigelsky, Robert A Neimeyer
Restorative retelling (RR) is an evidence-based procedure for facilitating adaptation following traumatic bereavement. In this paper, we introduce performative retelling (PR), a variation on RR, which fosters healing from personal losses and portrays personal reactions to collective tragedy. We describe our collaboration with an ex-offender reentry program, the Memphis Police Department, and Playback Theatre to use improvisational community theatre to bridge the gap between law enforcement and the citizens they serve...
January 4, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298727/mandatory-vaccination-understanding-the-common-good-in-the-midst-of-the-global-polio-eradication-campaign
#6
Lawrence O Gostin
BACKGROUND: The detection of wild poliovirus in Israeli sewage in May 2013 led the health authorities to vaccinate children with OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine). Shelly Kamin-Friedman explored the legal and ethical dimensions of this policy. This commentary makes three claims: (1) Mandatory vaccination is a valid exercise of the state's police powers to protect the common good. (2) A disease eradication campaign is a sufficient ground for the exercise of those powers. (3) The state is obliged to use the least restrictive/invasive measure to achieve community-wide vaccine coverage, but need not use less effective measures; further, determining which measure is most effective is a fact-specific determination...
January 3, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295012/improving-formal-support-after-sexual-assault-recommendations-from-survivors-living-in-poverty-in-canada
#7
Victoria Sit, Lana Stermac
Despite the extensive and often long-lasting sequelae of sexual assault, a significant majority of survivors do not seek assistance from formal support sources, such as police, medical or mental health professionals, and community-based agencies. While growing attention has been directed toward understanding the help-seeking barriers faced by sexual assault survivors, few studies have explored the experiences of survivors living in poverty and how help-seeking can be improved for this marginalized population...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295002/men-s-reflections-on-their-experiences-of-gender-based-violence
#8
Ada L Sinacore, Samir Durrani, Sarah Khayutin
Using Multicultural and Gender Case Conceptualization (MGCC) epistemology, the aim of this phenomenological study was to explore adult male victims' perceptions of gender and reflections on their experiences of gender-based violence (GBV). Data were analyzed using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA). Results indicated that, regardless of sexual orientation, participants experienced verbal and physical abuse due to their feminine gender expression, beginning in primary school and continuing through university and into the workplace...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294940/what-makes-police-officers-act-police-response-to-instances-of-intimate-partner-violence
#9
Amy Peirone, Betty Jo Barrett, Chi Ho Cheung, Nazim Habibov
Using data from the 2009 General Social Survey (GSS Cycle 23: Victimization main file), this study assessed the relationship between individual and neighborhood-level factors and police response to spousal violence in Canada. A total of 890 participants in the GSS reported experiences of spousal violence within the previous 5 years, with approximately 22% of these victims reporting direct contact with the police because of the violence. Among this subsample of victims who had police contact, we evaluated the extent to which individual-level factors (sociodemographic and violence characteristics) and neighborhood-level factors (perceptions of social disorder and the presence of police facilities in one's community) were related to distinct types of police response to reported spousal violence...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294921/domestic-violence-in-arab-society-a-comparison-of-arab-and-jewish-women-in-shelters-in-israel
#10
Anat Ben-Porat, Drorit Levy, Ola Kattoura, Rachel Dekel, Haya Itzhaky
The aim of the current study was to address a gap in the literature by determining prevalence, specific types of violence, and risk factors of intimate partner violence (IPV) among Israeli born Arab women compared with Israeli born Jewish women. The following measures were compared: demographic and socioeconomic measures; measures relating to the characteristics of the violence, that is, the three types of violence (physical, emotional, and verbally threatening), sense of danger, and history of violence in childhood; family support levels; and perpetrator characteristics...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294903/intimate-partner-violence-and-women-s-mental-health-the-mediating-role-of-coping-strategies-among-women-seeking-help-from-the-police
#11
Cecilia Mengo, Eusebius Small, Beverly Black
Many variables explain the link between intimate partner violence (IPV) and its impact on women's mental health. This proposition is mostly from samples drawn from battered women's shelters, batterer intervention programs (BIPs), emergency rooms, and medical clinics. We know little about the psychological well-being of women who report abuse to police departments. This study used data from case records of women who experience IPV and sought help from a city police station located in the southwest United States...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294823/implementing-domestic-violence-gun-confiscation-policy-in-rural-and-urban-communities-assessing-the-perceived-risk-benefits-and-barriers
#12
Kellie R Lynch, T K Logan
The purpose of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of why communities differing in culture and resources are willing and able to implement gun confiscation as part of a protective order in the absence of a uniform statewide gun law. Specifically, the perceived risk of intimate partner homicide and gun violence, effectiveness of implementing gun confiscation, and the barriers to implementing gun confiscation were assessed. Interviews were conducted with key community professionals ( N = 133) who worked in victim services and the justice system in one urban community and four rural, under-resourced communities...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294718/pregnant-adolescents-as-perpetrators-and-victims-of-intimate-partner-violence
#13
Ruth S Buzi, Peggy B Smith, Claudia A Kozinetz, Constance M Wiemann
The role of pregnant adolescents as perpetrators of intimate partner violence (IPV) is not well understood. Socioecological factors associated with IPV (physical assault and injury, and psychological aggression) perpetrated by pregnant adolescents and the association between IPV and attitudes toward the use of physical punishment to discipline children were examined among 246 pregnant adolescents. Pregnant adolescents were more likely to report perpetrating both physical assault (24%) and psychological aggression (52...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294675/stalking-victimization-in-lgbtq-adults-a-brief-report
#14
Lisa Langenderfer-Magruder, N Eugene Walls, Darren L Whitfield, Shanna K Kattari, Daniel Ramos
Stalking is often considered to be a form of interpersonal violence; yet, despite an increase in lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ)-specific research on other forms of interpersonal violence, such as intimate partner violence and sexual assault, there is a relative lack of literature on stalking victimization of LGBTQ individuals, particularly as it relates to gender identity. This is problematic given the results of numerous studies indicating LGBTQ individuals, and transgender individuals in particular, experience victimization in various forms and contexts at alarming rates...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294644/attitudes-toward-violence-and-gender-as-predictors-of-interpersonal-violence-interventions
#15
Cynthia Willis-Esqueda, Rosa Hazel Delgado
The purpose of the research was to determine whether attitudes toward violence (ATV) and participant sex would influence notions about interpersonal violence (IPV) intervention by university students. It was anticipated those who held stronger cultural and reactive violence attitudes and males would be less in favor of intervention, but it was not certain whether gender or attitudes would be the stronger predictor for intervention approaches. An IPV intervention scale was developed to measure preferred approaches for intervention, which resulted in four approaches (affirmative intervention, no intervention, police intervention, and intervention threshold)...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288913/the-association-between-neighborhood-socioeconomic-disadvantage-and-high-risk-injection-behavior-among-people-who-inject-drugs
#16
Jennifer DeCuir, Gina S Lovasi, Abdulrahman El-Sayed, Crystal Fuller Lewis
BACKGROUND: Although much research has been conducted on the determinants of HIV risk behavior among people who inject drugs (PWID), the influence of the neighborhood context on high-risk injection behavior remains understudied. To address this gap in the literature, we measured associations between neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantage and high-risk injection behavior, and determined whether these associations were modified by drug-related police activity and syringe exchange program (SEP) accessibility...
December 8, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279854/victimization-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-related-risk-among-transgender-women-in-india-a-latent-profile-analysis
#17
Tiara C Willie, Venkatesan Chakrapani, Jaclyn M White Hughto, Trace S Kershaw
Globally, transgender women (TGW) experience multiple forms of victimization such as violence and discrimination that can place them at risk for poor sexual health. To date, research overlooks the heterogeneity in experiences of victimization among TGW. Furthermore, few studies have examined the association between victimization and sexual risk among TGW in India, despite the high burden of HIV and victimization in this community. Latent profile analysis was performed to identify patterns of victimization in a convenience sample of 299 TGW recruited from nongovernmental organizations across four states in India...
December 1, 2017: Violence and Gender
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275338/rationale-and-design-of-the-violence-injury-and-trauma-observatory-vito-the-cape-town-vito-pilot-studies-protocol
#18
Ardil Jabar, Tolu Oni, Mark E Engel, Nemanja Cvetkovic, Richard Matzopoulos
The establishment of violence and injury observatories elsewhere has been found to reduce the burden within a relatively short period. Currently no integrated system exists in South Africa to provide collated data on violence, to allow for targeted interventions and routine monitoring and evaluation.This research seeks to identify if bringing multiple data sources, including but not limited to data from the South African Police Service (SAPS), Forensic Pathology Services (FPS), Emergency Medical Services (EMS) and local hospital clinical databases, together are (1) feasible; (2) able to generate data for action, that is valid, reliable and robust and (3) able to lead to interventions...
December 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237665/intermittent-catatonia-and-complex-automatisms-caused-by-frontal-lobe-epilepsy-in-dementia
#19
Robynne George, Alex Langford
An 82-year-old man was admitted to the emergency department following bizarre behaviour. Police had noticed him driving erratically through his village. He did not stop when instructed, drove slowly home and appeared 'vacant' on questioning. While in hospital, he had approximately 15 episodes of catatonia, involving rigidity, negativism, mutism except echolalia and perseveration, automatic obedience and utilisation phenomena, lasting 2-20 min each. Between episodes, he was amnestic but otherwise well. Electroencephalography demonstrated bifrontal slowing with left-sided emphasis, and captured two focal onset partial seizures with the clinical correlate of the syndrome described above...
December 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226458/communicating-risk-in-dementia-care-survey-of-health-and-social-care-professionals
#20
Brian J Taylor, Mabel Stevenson, Michelle McDowell
Supporting people to live at home in line with community care policies requires increasing attention to assessing, communicating and managing risks. There is a challenge in supporting client choices that include risk-taking while demonstrating professional accountability. Risk communication becomes increasingly important with the need to engage clients and families in meaningful shared decision-making. This presents particular challenges in dementia services. This survey of risk communication in dementia care was administered to all health and social care professionals in community dementia services in Northern Ireland: June-September 2016...
December 11, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
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