keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Community Policing

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931125/patients-with-mental-problems-the-most-defenseless-travellers
#1
Peter Felkai, Tamas Kurimay
Background: Severe mental illness occurring abroad is a difficult situation for patients, their families, and for the local medical community. Patients with mental problem are doublely stigmatized due to their mental illness and because they are foreigners in an unfamiliar country. The appropriate treatment is often delayed, while patients are often dealt with in a manner that violates their human rights. Moreover, repatriation - which is vital in this case - is often delayed due to the lack of international protocols for the transportation and treatment of mentally ill travelers...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926374/reducing-urban-violence-a-contrast-of-public-health-and-criminal-justice-approaches
#2
Magdalena Cerdá, Melissa Tracy, Katherine M Keyes
BACKGROUND: Cities are investing millions in Cure Violence, a public health approach to reduce urban violence by targeting at-risk youth and redirecting conflict to non-violent responses. The impact of such a program compared to criminal justice responses is unknown because experiments directly comparing criminal justice and public health approaches to violence prevention are infeasible with observational data. We simulated experiments to test the influence of two interventions on violence: a) Cure Violence; and b) directed police patrol in violence hot spots...
September 18, 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914228/an-integrated-case-management-model-to-assist-pacific-youth-offenders-and-their-families-in-australia
#3
Jioji Ravulo
Pasifika Support Services (PSS) was a program managed by a nongovernment organization, Mission Australia, and funded by the New South Wales Premiers Office to meet the needs of young offenders from a Pacific background. PSS ran from June 2005 to June 2009 and implemented a cost-effective integrated case management model with the New South Wales Police Force adapted to address social risk factors specific to Pacific youth offenders and family support networks. Sixty young people were reviewed regarding the outcomes achieved through their participation, further supported by an evaluation carried out by an external evaluator who found that 65% of participants did not reoffend after 18 months of completing the program...
December 1, 2016: Care Management Journals: Journal of Case Management ; the Journal of Long Term Home Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914119/building-on-mental-health-training-for-law-enforcement-strengthening-community-partnerships
#4
Jorien Campbell, Cyrus Ahalt, Randall Hagar, William Arroyo
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe the current state of law enforcement training related to the high number of interactions with persons with mental illness, and to recommend next steps in preparing law enforcement to effectively meet this challenge. Design/methodology/approach The authors reviewed the current literature on relevant law enforcement training programs, focusing primarily on crisis intervention team (CIT) training, and used the case example of California to identify opportunities to improve and enhance law enforcement preparedness for the challenge of responding to persons with mental illness...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911325/how-does-decentralisation-affect-health-sector-planning-and-financial-management-a-case-study-of-early-effects-of-devolution-in-kilifi-county-kenya
#5
Benjamin Tsofa, Sassy Molyneux, Lucy Gilson, Catherine Goodman
BACKGROUND: A common challenge for health sector planning and budgeting has been the misalignment between policies, technical planning and budgetary allocation; and inadequate community involvement in priority setting. Health system decentralisation has often been promoted to address health sector planning and budgeting challenges through promoting community participation, accountability, and technical efficiency in resource management. In 2010, Kenya passed a new constitution that introduced 47 semi-autonomous devolved county governments, and a substantial transfer of responsibility for healthcare from the central government to these counties...
September 15, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886395/individual-peer-and-family-factor-modification-of-neighborhood-level-effects-on-adolescent-alcohol-cigarette-e-cigarette-and-marijuana-use
#6
Regina A Shih, Layla Parast, Eric R Pedersen, Wendy M Troxel, Joan S Tucker, Jeremy N V Miles, Lisa Kraus, Elizabeth J D'Amico
BACKGROUND: Neighborhood factors reported subjectively by residents and measured objectively at the census tract are both associated with adolescent alcohol, tobacco (cigarette and electronic cigarette), and other drug (marijuana) (ATOD) use. Less clear is how these neighborhood factors are longitudinally associated with each substance. Equivocal findings may be due to lack of consideration of individual, peer, and family effect modifiers, which could help adolescents overcome exposure to stressful neighborhood environments...
August 8, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880109/how-adolescents-perceive-that-community-based-exercise-improves-their-well-being
#7
Kevin Rourke, Coralie J Wilson
OBJECTIVES: To determine if adolescents perceive community-based exercise as beneficial to their well-being and in what ways. METHODS: A New South Wales Police Citizens Youth Club ran a four-week fitness course. The classes involved: 1) sports including basketball and soccer, 2) non-contact boxing drills, and 3) games, both team games such as dodgeball and non-team games such as line tag. Parental consent to offer a survey at the completion of the course was requested during registration...
September 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856706/the-crisis-intervention-team-cit-model-an-evidence-based-policing-practice
#8
Amy C Watson, Michael T Compton, Jeffrey N Draine
As academic researchers, we are often asked to opine on whether the Crisis Intervention Team model (CIT) is an evidence-based practice (EBP) or evidence-based policing. Our answer is that it depends on how you define evidence-based practice and what outcome you are interested in. In this commentary, we briefly describe the CIT model, examine definitions of evidence-based practice and evidence-based policing, and then summarize the existing research on what is known about the effectiveness of CIT to date. We conclude that CIT can be designated an EBP for officer-level cognitive and attitudinal outcomes, but more research is needed to determine if CIT can be designated an EBP for other outcomes...
August 30, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853813/police-community-safety-and-trust
#9
Rich Williams
(1)In 2017 alone, 46 states have enacted over 270 laws affecting policing. (2) At least six states have enacted laws to train the public on their rights and expectations during police interactions. (3) Police are increasingly partnering with health care professionals to more safely respond to mental health and substance use disorders.
August 2017: NCSL Legisbrief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852906/descriptive-epidemiology-for-community-wide-naloxone-administration-by-police-officers-and-firefighters-responding-to-opioid-overdose
#10
Sarah Cercone Heavey, Alan M Delmerico, Gale Burstein, Cheryll Moore, William F Wieczorek, R Lorraine Collins, Yu-Ping Chang, Gregory G Homish
Recently implemented New York State policy allows police and fire to administer intranasal naloxone when responding to opioid overdoses. This work describes the geographic distribution of naloxone administration (NlxnA) by police and fire when responding to opioid overdoses in Erie County, NY, an area of approximately 920,000 people including the City of Buffalo. Data are from opioid overdose reports (N = 800) filed with the Erie County Department of Health (July 2014-June 2016) by police/fire and include the overdose ZIP code, reported drug(s) used, and NlxnA...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844823/addressing-maternal-deaths-due-to-violence-the%C3%A2-illinois-experience
#11
Abigail R Koch, Stacie E Geller
Homicide, suicide, and substance abuse accounted for nearly one fourth of all pregnancy-associated deaths in Illinois from 2002 through 2013. Maternal mortality review in Illinois has been primarily focused on obstetric and medical causes and little is known about the circumstances surrounding deaths due to homicide, suicide, and substance abuse, if they are pregnancy related, and if the deaths are potentially preventable. To address this issue, we implemented a process to form a second statewide maternal mortality review committee for deaths due to violence in late 2014...
August 24, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817317/living-outside-the-gender-box-in-mexico-testimony-of-transgender-mexican-asylum-seekers
#12
Marshall K Cheney, Mary J Gowin, E Laurette Taylor, Melissa Frey, Jamie Dunnington, Ghadah Alshuwaiyer, J Kathleen Huber, Mary Camero Garcia, Grady C Wray
OBJECTIVES: To explore preimmigration experiences of violence and postimmigration health status in male-to-female transgender individuals (n = 45) from Mexico applying for asylum in the United States. METHODS: We used a document review process to examine asylum declarations and psychological evaluations of transgender Mexican asylum seekers in the United States from 2012. We coded documents in 2013 and 2014 using NVivo, a multidisciplinary team reviewed them, and then we analyzed them for themes...
October 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764774/-sly-grog-and-homebrew-a-qualitative-examination-of-illicit-alcohol-and-some-of-its-impacts-on-indigenous-communities-with-alcohol-restrictions-in-regional-and-remote-queensland-australia
#13
Michelle S Fitts, Jan Robertson, Simon Towle, Chris M Doran, Robyn McDermott, Adrian Miller, Stephen Margolis, Valmae Ypinazar, Alan R Clough
BACKGROUND: Indigenous communities in Queensland (Australia) have been subject to Alcohol Management Plans since 2002/03, with significant penalties for breaching restrictions. 'Sly grog' and 'homebrew' provide access to alcohol despite restrictions. This paper describes how this alcohol is made available and the risks and impacts involved. In affected towns and communities across a large area of rural and remote Queensland, interviews and focus groups documented experiences and views of 255 long-standing community members and service providers...
August 1, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764681/a-brief-trauma-informed-intervention-increases-safety-behavior-and-reduces-hiv-risk-for-drug-involved-women-who-trade-sex
#14
Michele R Decker, Catherine Tomko, Erin Wingo, Anne Sawyer, Sarah Peitzmeier, Nancy Glass, Susan G Sherman
BACKGROUND: Female sex workers (FSWs) are an important population for HIV acquisition and transmission. Their risks are shaped by behavioral, sexual network, and structural level factors. Violence is pervasive and associated with HIV risk behavior and infection, yet interventions to address the dual epidemics of violence and HIV among FSWs are limited. METHODS: We used participatory methods to develop a brief, trauma-informed intervention, INSPIRE (Integrating Safety Promotion with HIV Risk Reduction), to improve safety and reduce HIV risk for FSWs...
August 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760099/the-utility-of-outpatient-commitment-ii-mortality-risk-and-protecting-health-safety-and-quality-of-life
#15
Steven P Segal, Stephania L Hayes, Lachlan Rimes
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the contribution of a form of outpatient commitment-community treatment orders (CTOs)-to mortality risk and quality of life of patients with severe mental illness. METHODS: Data (2000--2012) were obtained from the Australian National Death Index, Victoria Department of Health, Victoria police records, and National Outcomes and CaseMix Collection quality-of-life records for patients in the Victorian Psychiatric Case Register/RAPID with a history of psychiatric hospitalization: CTO cohort, N=11,424; non-CTO cohort, N=16,161...
August 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739027/undiagonsed-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-among-unionized-drivers-in-ghana-public-health-and-policy-implications
#16
Thaddeus P Ulzen, John C Higginbotham, Gordon Donnir, Laurence Jerome, Al Segal
Road traffic accidents (RTA) are among the leading causes of mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. Many males that drop out of school in Ghana, a population at risk for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), find employment by joining driver's unions. Moreover, the vehicles of Ghanaian unionized drivers are over-represented in fatal road accidents. Untreated ADHD has been linked with higher rates of RTAs. The objectives of this cross-sectional analysis is to determine the following among unionized drivers in Ghana: 1) the prevalence of ADHD, and 2) the association between self-reported ADHD risk and driving behavior...
July 21, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738789/the-impact-of-indigenous-cultural-identity-and-cultural-engagement-on-violent-offending
#17
Stephane M Shepherd, Rosa Hazel Delgado, Juanita Sherwood, Yin Paradies
BACKGROUND: Possessing a strong cultural identity has been shown to protect against mental health symptoms and buffer distress prompted by discrimination. However, no research to date has explored the protective influences of cultural identity and cultural engagement on violent offending. This paper investigates the relationships between cultural identity/engagement and violent recidivism for a cohort of Australian Indigenous people in custody. METHODS: A total of 122 adults from 11 prisons in the state of Victoria completed a semi-structured interview comprising cultural identification and cultural engagement material in custody...
July 24, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727535/civil-unrest-in-the-context-of-chronic-community-violence-impact-on-maternal-depressive-symptoms
#18
Doris P Yimgang, Yan Wang, Grace Paik, Erin R Hager, Maureen M Black
OBJECTIVES: To examine changes in maternal-child health surrounding the April 2015 civil unrest in Baltimore, Maryland, following Freddie Gray's death while in police custody. METHODS: We conducted cross-sectional Children's HealthWatch surveys January 2014 through December 2015 in pediatric emergency departments and primary care clinics on maternal-child health and June 2015 through October 2015 on daily and community routines. We used trend analysis and piecewise logistic regression to examine effects of time, residential proximity moderation, and mediation analysis to assess proximity and maternal-child health relations via maternal concerns...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716395/-it-ruined-my-life-the-effects-of-the-war-on-drugs-on-people-who-inject-drugs-pwid-in-rural-puerto-rico
#19
R Abadie, C Gelpi-Acosta, C Davila, A Rivera, M Welch-Lazoritz, K Dombrowski
BACKGROUND: The War on Drugs has raised the incarceration rates of racial minorities for non-violent drug-related crimes, profoundly stigmatized drug users, and redirected resources from drug prevention and treatment to militarizing federal and local law enforcement. Yet, while some states consider shifting their punitive approach to drug use, to one based on drug treatment and rehabilitation, nothing suggests that these policy shifts are being replicated in Puerto Rico. METHODS: This paper utilizes data from 360 PWID residing in four rural towns in the mountainous area of central Puerto Rico...
July 14, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715984/cost-of-an-integrated-care-program-to-reduce-ed-visits-during-diabetic-prisoner-court-hearings
#20
Tim Pauley, Joy Matienzo, Joseph Ventura, Josie Barbita
Diabetic events occurring during court hearings previously required emergency medical services (EMS) transport to the emergency department (ED). A new process was implemented whereby the provincial court (PC) was notified by the detention center of diabetes status of prisoners scheduled for court later that day, enabling a community nursing services provider to provide on-site diabetes assessment and treatment at the PC. During the 13-month pre-implementation phase, there were 10 incidents of diabetic distress resulting in an ED visit at a total cost of $797...
July 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
keyword
keyword
115469
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"