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Community Policing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436006/good-cop-better-cop-evaluation-of-a-geriatrics-training-program-for-police
#1
Rebecca T Brown, Cyrus Ahalt, Josette Rivera, Irena Stijacic Cenzer, Angela Wilhelm, Brie A Williams
OBJECTIVES: To develop, implement, and evaluate a training program in aging-related health for police officers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Crisis intervention training program for police officers in San Francisco. PARTICIPANTS: Police officers attending one of five 2-hour trainings (N = 143). INTERVENTION: A lecture on aging-related health conditions pertinent to police work followed by three experiential trainings on how it feels to be "old...
April 24, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429402/effectiveness-of-community-based-interventions-for-reducing-alcohol-related-harm-in-two-metropolitan-and-two-regional-sites-in-victoria-australia
#2
Ashlee Curtis, Kerri Coomber, Nicolas Droste, Shannon Hyder, Darren Palmer, Peter G Miller
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: The relationship between alcohol intoxication and harm is well known, and many community-based interventions have been introduced in an attempt to reduce the rates of alcohol-related harm. The current paper uses two metropolitan and two regional Australian cities as sites to investigate the impact of community-based interventions on the reduction of alcohol-related harms. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data for injury-related emergency department (ED) presentations and police attended assaults during high-alcohol hours (i...
April 20, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421848/an-evaluation-of-a-community-oriented-policing-program-in-taiwan
#3
Shih-Ya Kuo, Yuan-Chin Shih
This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of a community-oriented policing (COP) by documenting results for 16 quantitative outcome variables, including crime incidents, crime clearance, residents' subjective feelings regarding police performance and community safety, and job satisfaction among police officers. The statistical techniques used to analyze the data involved ARIMA interrupted time series, t tests, the Wilcoxon paired signed-rank test, and Pearson's correlation. The quantitative results observed indicated that the program had a positive effect on resident's perceptions for some police performance outcomes and for job satisfaction among police officers...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421573/-forensic-flexible-assertive-community-treatment-client-characteristics-and-treatment-outcomes
#4
L Neijmeijer, J Verwoerd, M van Vugt, C Place, H Kroon
BACKGROUND: (Flexible) Assertive community treatment ((f)act) is applied increasingly to forensic psychiatric clients. However, evidence about the effectiveness of forensic (f)act is scanty. AIM: To investigate to what extent (subgroups of) clients receiving care from forensic (f)act teams show, after a year, changes in their social and psychological functioning and are subjected to fewer justicial outcome measures. METHOD: Between 2009 and 2011, eight forensic (f)act teams collected, at two measurement moments separated by an average of 12 months, data relating to client characteristics and outcomes of care...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414939/reporting-rates-of-child-sexual-abuse-in-indigenous-communities-in-two-australian-jurisdictions
#5
Cate Bailey, Martine Powell, Sonja Brubacher
Child sexual abuse is a significant problem in many Indigenous communities; there is also evidence of chronic under-reporting of this crime. This study aimed to compare reporting rates between Indigenous and non-Indigenous cases of child sexual abuse across two Australian jurisdictions. Datasets comprising child sexual abuse reports from the Police Information Management Systems of the two jurisdictions were used to calculate reporting rates, and to compare case characteristics and case progression. Results indicated that the reporting rate for child sexual abuse of Indigenous children was between two and four times that of non-Indigenous children...
April 14, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407560/genital-and-anal-injuries-a-cross-sectional-australian-study-of-1266-women-alleging-recent-sexual-assault
#6
Renate R Zilkens, Debbie A Smith, Maureen A Phillips, S Aqif Mukhtar, James B Semmens, Maire C Kelly
OBJECTIVES: To describe the frequency of genital and anal injury and associated demographic and assault characteristics in women alleging sexual assault. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Sexual Assault Resource Centre (SARC), Western Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Total of 1266 women attending SARC from Jan-2009 to Mar-2015. METHODS: Women underwent a standardised data collection procedure by forensically trained doctors...
March 29, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406345/not-your-typical-alcohol-accord-the-long-term-impact-of-a-voluntary-liquor-agreement-in-a-small-australian-town
#7
Richard Midford, John McKenzie, Rachel Mayhead
BACKGROUND: The town of Norseman introduced a Voluntary Liquor Agreement (voluntary restrictions on alcohol sales) in 2008, to reduce problematic drinking. This study examined its long-term impact. METHODS: Quantitative data on alcohol (cask wine, fortified wine, spirits) wholesale sales, hospital emergency visits and alcohol related offenses were compared from before to after the introduction of the restrictions. Qualitative interview data were collected from 10 key informants and from focus groups with Indigenous residents...
April 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379933/communities-social-justice-and-academic-health-centers
#8
Philip M Alberti, Karey M Sutton, Lisa A Cooper, Wendy G Lane, Stacey Stephens, Michelle A Gourdine
In November 2015, the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) held its annual meeting in Baltimore, Maryland. In response both to health and health care inequities faced by residents of Baltimore and to the imminent trial of the police officers charged with Freddie Gray's death, AAMC leaders thought it crucial to address issues of health inequity, social injustice, and the role an academic health center (AHC) can play in improving the health of the community it serves. In collaboration with community-engaged researchers from Johns Hopkins University and University of Maryland, Baltimore, AAMC staff interviewed Baltimore residents, soliciting their perspectives on how medical education, clinical care, and research can and should respond to social injustice and the social determinants of health...
April 4, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369639/psychotic-experiences-in-the-context-of-police-victimization-data-from-the-survey-of-police-public-encounters
#9
Jordan E DeVylder, Courtney Cogburn, Hans Y Oh, Deidre Anglin, Melissa Edmondson Smith, Tanya Sharpe, Hyun-Jin Jun, Jason Schiffman, Ellen Lukens, Bruce Link
Social defeat has been proposed as the common mechanism underlying several well-replicated risk factors for sub-threshold psychotic experiences (PEs) identified in epidemiological research. Victimization by the police may likewise be socially defeating among vulnerable individuals and, therefore, may be associated with elevated risk for PEs. However, no prior studies have examined the relation between police victimization and PEs. We tested the hypothesis that exposure to police victimization (ie, physical, sexual, psychological, and neglect) would be associated with increased odds for PEs in the Survey of Police-Public Encounters data (N = 1615), a general population sample of adults from 4 US cities...
March 20, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361056/eliminating-dog-mediated-rabies-in-sikkim-india-a-10-year-pathway-to-success-for-the-sarah-program
#10
Helen Byrnes, Andrea Britton, Thinlay Bhutia
A third of the world rabies burden is in India. The Sikkim Anti-Rabies and Animal Health (SARAH) program is the first state-wide rabies program in India and demonstrates a successful One Health model of dog-mediated rabies elimination. The SARAH program was created in 2006 as a collaboration between the Government of Sikkim and international non-government organizations-Vets Beyond Borders and Fondation Brigitte Bardot. Activities are directed to canine rabies vaccination, humane dog population control, community education, and treatment of sick and injured animals...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350367/improving-suicide-prevention-in-dutch-regions-by-creating-local-suicide-prevention-action-networks-supranet-a-study-protocol
#11
Renske Gilissen, Derek De Beurs, Jan Mokkenstorm, Saskia Mérelle, Gé Donker, Sanne Terpstra, Carla Derijck, The Supranet Suicide Prevention Action Network Research Group, Gerdien Franx
The European Alliance against Depression (EAAD) program is to be introduced in The Netherlands from 2017 onwards. This program to combat suicide consists of interventions on four levels: (1) increasing the awareness of suicide by local media campaigns; (2) training local gatekeepers, such as teachers or police officers; (3) targeting high-risk persons in the community; and (4) training and support of professionals in primary care settings. The implementation starts in seven Dutch pilot regions. Each region is designated as a Suicide Prevention Action NETwork (SUPRANET)...
March 28, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350334/conceptions-of-contraceptive-use-in-rural-kwazulu-natal-south-africa-lessons-for-programming
#12
Catherine Ndinda, Tidings Ndhlovu, Nene Ernest Khalema
Community family planning programmes in South Africa arose from the controversial apartheid history of controlling the African population while encouraging the growth of European migrant population. Post-apartheid population policies shifted away from population control to aligning policies to the global agenda that placed emphasis on the link between population and development. The focus on population and development polices in post-apartheid South Africa is on social equality, justice and peace rather than controlling sections of the population...
March 28, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337929/a-public-health-approach-in-responding-to-the-spread-of-helium-suicide-in-hong-kong
#13
Paul S F Yip, Qijin Cheng, Shu-Sen Chang, Esther Sze Tsai Lee, Chui-Shan Carmen Lai, Feng Chen, Yik-Wa Frances Law, T M Eric Cheng, Sau Mee Chiu, Y L Jeff Tse, Ka-Wai Raymond Cheung, Man-Li Tse, Peter R Morgan, Philip Beh
BACKGROUND: The use of the helium suicide method has been increasing in popularity in Hong Kong since 2012. We have learned a valuable lesson in curbing the spread of charcoal burning (CB) suicide in the past 15 years and hope to prevent the helium suicide method from taking off in the community. AIMS: To document what actions have been taken to contain the spread of the helium suicide method and review the preliminary impact of these actions. METHOD: We adopted a public health approach by engaging stakeholders from multiple sectors, including the police force, the fire services department, coroners, pathologists, mass media, and online media outlets...
March 24, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318343/enduring-consequences-from-the-war-on-drugs-how-policing-practices-impact-hiv-risk-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-baltimore-city
#14
Natalie Flath, Karin Tobin, Kelly King, Alexandra Lee, Carl Latkin
BACKGROUND: Neighborhood-level characteristics, including police activity, are associated with HIV and Hepatitis C injection risk-behaviors among people who inject drugs (PWID). However, the pathways through which these neighborhood perceptions shape individual-level HIV risk behaviors are unclear. This study helps to explain perceived behaviors between perceived neighborhood police activity and HIV injection risk behavior (i.e., injection syringe/tool sharing in the previous 6 months)...
March 20, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317075/reducing-truancy-and-fostering-a-willingness-to-attend-school-results-from-a-randomized-trial-of-a-police-school-partnership-program
#15
Lorraine Mazerolle, Emma Antrobus, Sarah Bennett, Elizabeth Eggins
Truancy is a major social issue that is linked to a range of poor outcomes across the life course, including poor educational outcomes, drug and alcohol abuse, and antisocial behavior. Interventions that seek to reduce truancy problems range from school-based police officers to programs that reward good attendance to community-based interventions. This study reports primary outcome results of a randomized trial of a collaborative, police-school partnership that sought to reduce truancy and increase students' willingness to attend school...
March 20, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302306/further-victimization-of-child-sexual-abuse-victims-a-latent-class-typology-of-re-victimization-trajectories
#16
Nina L Papalia, Stefan Luebbers, James R P Ogloff, Margaret Cutajar, Paul E Mullen, Emily Mann
The association between child sexual abuse (CSA) and risk for re-victimization is well-documented; however, less is known about the temporal progression of re-victimization experiences over the early life-course among CSA survivors, and whether this differs from that of those without known sexual abuse histories. This study investigated whether there are distinct temporal pathways of interpersonal re-victimization between the ages of 10-25 years among medically confirmed CSA cases, and considered whether abuse variables, re-victimization variables, and the presence of other adverse outcomes, were associated with heterogeneity in re-victimization pathways...
March 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289783/estimating-the-risk-of-crime-and-victimisation-in-people-with-intellectual-disability-a-data-linkage-study
#17
Margaret Nixon, Stuart D M Thomas, Michael Daffern, James R P Ogloff
PURPOSE: People with intellectual disability (PWID) appear more likely to be victims and perpetrators of crime. However, extant evidence pertaining to these risks is limited by methodological weaknesses and the absence of consistent operational definitions. This research aimed to estimate the prevalence of criminal histories and victimisation using a large, well-defined sample of PWID. METHODS: A case-linkage study was conducted comprising 2220 PWID registered with disability services in Victoria, Australia, whose personal details were linked with a state-wide police database...
March 13, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283944/anticipated-negative-police-youth-encounters-and-depressive-symptoms-among-pregnant-african-american-women-a-brief-report
#18
Fleda Mask Jackson, Sherman A James, Tracy Curry Owens, Alpha F Bryan
The widely publicized violent encounters between police and African American youth have unknown consequences for the emotional and mental health of pregnant African American women. Since studies document the hypervigilance black mothers exert to protect children from violence and racism and findings also reveal the association between racial and gendered stress (which includes parenting stressors) and depressive symptoms during pregnancy, an examination of the effects of stress from anticipated negative experiences between black youth and police on maternal mental health is warranted...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273263/-chronic-undernourishment-in-school-aged-children-itineraries-of-nutritional-neglect-and-official-programs-in-indigenous-communities-of-guerrero-mexico
#19
Paul Hersch-Martínez, Julio Pisanty-Alatorre
Through the analysis of different elements of the nutritional dynamics in a predominantly indigenous municipality in Guerrero, Mexico, we explore the relevance of the concept of itineraries of nutritional neglect in order to broaden the understanding of avoidable health damage. In the framework of a process of accompaniment of the Health Commission of the Regional Coordination of Community Authorities - Community Police, the following methodological strategies were applied throughout the year 2015: a) a review of official programs by means of the analysis of technical documents and interviews with health personnel; b) the compilation of local narratives from families of undernourished children through interviews and participatory observation; c) the somatometric measurement of 151 children in three elementary schools...
October 2016: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259213/movement-advocacy-personal-relationships-and-ending-health-care-disparities
#20
Marshall H Chin
Deep-rooted structural problems drive health care disparities. Compounding the difficulty of attaining health equity, solutions in clinics and hospitals require the cooperation of clinicians, administrators, patients, and the community. Recent protests over police brutality and racism on campuses across America have opened fresh wounds over how best to end racism, with lessons for achieving health equity. Movement advocacy, the mobilizing of the people to raise awareness of an injustice and to advocate for reform, can break down ingrained structural barriers and policies that impede health equity...
April 2017: Journal of the National Medical Association
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