keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Community Policing

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891233/effectiveness-and-implementation-of-a-community-based-prevention-programme-targeting-anabolic-androgenic-steroid-use-in-gyms-study-protocol-of-a-quasi-experimental-control-group-study
#1
Yasmina Molero, Johanna Gripenberg, Ann-Sofie Bakshi
BACKGROUND: During the past decades, concerns about increased anabolic androgenic steroid (AAS) use among recreational sportspeople have been raised, yet there is a paucity of AAS prevention efforts targeting this group. Accordingly, doping prevention efforts aimed at gyms have been recommended. The overall objective of the present project is to examine a prevention programme named 100% Pure Hard Training (100% PHT), which targets AAS use among recreational sportspeople training in gyms...
2016: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855147/announcement-world-day-of-remembrance-for-road-traffic-victims-november-20-2016
#2
(no author information available yet)
In October 2005, the General Assembly of the United Nations (UN) adopted a resolution calling for governments and nongovernmental organizations to mark the third Sunday in November each year as World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims. World Remembrance Day is dedicated to remembering persons killed or injured in road crashes and their families and communities. The day also pays tribute to the emergency crews, police, and medical professionals who deal with the traumatic aftermath of road deaths and injuries (http://www...
November 18, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834166/prevalence-demographic-variation-and-psychological-correlates-of-exposure-to-police-victimisation-in-four-us-cities
#3
J E DeVylder, H Y Oh, B Nam, T L Sharpe, M Lehmann, B G Link
: Aims Victimisation by the police is purported to be widespread in cities in the USA, but there is limited data on police-public encounters from community samples. This is partly due to an absence of measures for assessing police violence exposure from the standpoint of civilians. As such, the demographic distribution and mental health correlates of police victimisation are poorly understood. The aims of this study were to present community-based prevalence estimates of positive policing and police victimisation based on assessment with two novel measures, and to test the hypotheses that (1) exposure to police victimisation would vary across demographic groups and (2) would be associated with depression and psychological distress...
November 11, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817088/the-elephant-in-the-room-talking-race-in-medical-education
#4
Malika Sharma, Ayelet Kuper
The deaths of black men and women while in police custody, rising anti-immigrant sentiment and rhetoric in high-income countries, and the continued health disparities experienced by Indigenous communities globally have brought race and racism to the forefront of public discourse in recent years. In a context where academic health science centres are increasingly called to be "socially accountable," ignoring the larger social context of race and racism is something that medical education institutions can little afford to do...
November 5, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807203/characteristics-of-brazilian-offenders-and-victims-of-interpersonal-violence-an-exploratory-study
#5
Sérgio d'Avila, Ana Cristina Campos, Ítalo de Macedo Bernardino, Gigliana Maria Sobral Cavalcante, Lorena Marques da Nóbrega, Efigênia Ferreira E Ferreira
The aim of this study was to characterize the profile of Brazilian offenders and victims of interpersonal violence, following a medicolegal and forensic perspective. A cross-sectional and exploratory study was performed in a Center of Forensic Medicine and Dentistry. The sample was made up of 1,704 victims of nonlethal interpersonal violence with some type of trauma. The victims were subject to forensic examinations by a criminal investigative team that identified and recorded the extent of the injuries. For data collection, a specific form was designed consisting of four parts according to the information provided in the medicolegal and social records: sociodemographic data of the victims, offender's characteristics, aggression characteristics, and types of injuries...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776606/stress-in-spanish-police-force-depending-on-occupational-rank-sex-age-and-work-shift
#6
Lourdes Luceño-Moreno, Yolanda García-Albuerne, Beatriz Talavera-Velasco, Jesús Martín-García
BACKGROUND: In the police force, some variables such as occupational rank, sex, age and work-shift are associated with stress in workers. The aim of this paper was to determine possible differences in the perception of occupational stress at work depending on rank, sex, age and work-shift of police agents in the Community of Madrid, Spain. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 24 municipalities of the Community of Madrid. A total number of 565 police agents participated...
November 2016: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767367/the-spatial-temporal-pattern-of-policing-following-a-drug-policy-reform-triangulating-self-reported-arrests-with-official-crime-statistics
#7
Tommi L Gaines, Daniel Werb, Jaime Arredondo, Victor M Alaniz, Carlos Vilalta, Leo Beletsky
BACKGROUND: In 2009, Mexico enacted a drug policy reform (Narcomenudeo) designed to divert persons possessing small amounts of illicit drugs to treatment rather than incarceration. To assess reform impact, this study examines the spatial-temporal trends of drug-related policing in Tijuana, Mexico post-enactment. METHOD: Location of self-reported arrests (N = 1,160) among a prospective, community-recruited cohort of people who inject drugs (PWID) in Tijuana (N = 552) was mapped across city neighborhoods...
October 21, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753117/the-view-from-inside-the-system-how-police-explain-their-response-to-sexual-assault
#8
Jessica Shaw, Rebecca Campbell, Debi Cain
Prior research has documented the problematic community response to sexual assault: the majority of sexual assaults reported to police are never prosecuted. Social dominance theory suggests that this response is a form of institutional discrimination, intended to maintain existing social structures, and that police personnel likely draw upon shared ideologies to justify their decision-making in sexual assault case investigations. This study drew upon social dominance theory to examine how police justified their investigatory decisions to identify potential leverage points for change...
October 18, 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747550/development-of-a-curriculum-and-roadside-screening-tool-for-law-enforcement-identification-of-medical-impairment-in-aging-drivers
#9
Linda L Hill, Jill Rybar, James Stowe, Jana Jahns
BACKGROUND: An estimated one in five drivers will be over 65 by 2030. Compared with their younger counterparts, older adults are more likely to experience health and functional impairments, including cognitive dysfunction, which may interfere with their ability to drive safely. Law enforcement officers, as part of the public safety community, need help in developing the necessary skills to identify and manage these medically affected drivers. METHODS: To address this need, in partnership with the California Highway Patrol (CHP), Training, Research and Education for Driving Safety (TREDS) at the University of California, San Diego, developed a certified two-hour training curriculum...
December 2016: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745033/women-leaders-ensuring-you-fulfil-your-potential
#10
Lynne Pearce
The Athena programme is a King's Fund initiative designed to support women to fulfil their potential as public sector leaders - whether in the NHS or beyond, such as social services, police and prison services, education, or the voluntary and community sectors.
September 14, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742381/current-status-of-kidney-transplant-outcomes-dying-to-survive
#11
Jeffrey H Wang, Melissa A Skeans, Ajay K Israni
Kidney transplantation is associated with improved survival compared with maintenance dialysis. In the United States, post-transplant outcomes have steadily improved over the last several decades, with current 1-year allograft and patient survival rates well over 90%. Although short-term outcomes are similar to those in the international community, long-term outcomes appear to be inferior to those reported by other countries. Differences in recipient case mix, allocation polices, and health care coverage contribute to the long-term outcome disparity...
September 2016: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733662/suicidal-ideation-and-non-fatal-deliberate-self-harm-presentations-in-the-kimberley-from-an-enhanced-police-mental-health-service-notification-database
#12
Cate McHugh, Sivasankaran Balaratnasingam, Anita Campbell, Murray Chapman
OBJECTIVES: To determine the rate of presentations for suicidal ideation and deliberate self-harm in the Kimberley region of Western Australia, characterized in terms of age, gender, rates of repetition and engagement with community mental health services. METHODS: An observational study of health service presentations over 12 months. SETTING: 10 sites across the region with police services were included, capturing the overwhelming majority of self-harm presentations in the region...
October 11, 2016: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729255/understanding-the-role-of-violence-as-a-social-determinant-of-preterm-birth
#13
Saba W Masho, Susan Cha, Derek A Chapman, David Chelmow
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is one of the leading causes of infant morbidity and mortality. Although major strides have been made in identifying risk factors for preterm birth, the complexities between social and individual risk factors are not well understood. OBJECTIVE: This study examines the association between neighborhood youth violence and preterm birth. STUDY DESIGN: A ten-year live birth registry dataset (2004-2013) from Richmond, Virginia, a mid-sized, racially diverse city was analyzed (N=27,519)...
October 8, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647606/effectiveness-of-depression-suicidal-behaviour-gatekeeper-training-among-police-officers-in-three-european-regions-outcomes-of-the-optimising-suicide-prevention-programmes-and-their-implementation-in-europe-ospi-europe-study
#14
Ella Arensman, Claire Coffey, Eve Griffin, Chantal Van Audenhove, Gert Scheerder, Ricardo Gusmao, Susana Costa, Celine Larkin, Nicole Koburger, Margaret Maxwell, Fiona Harris, Vita Postuvan, Ulrich Hegerl
BACKGROUND: Gatekeeper training for community facilitators, to identify and respond to those at risk of suicide, forms an important part of multi-level community-based suicide prevention programmes. AIMS: This study examined the effects of gatekeeper training on attitudes, knowledge and confidence of police officers in dealing with persons at risk of suicide. METHODS: A total of 828 police officers across three European regions participated in a 4-hour training programme which addressed the epidemiology of depression and suicidal behaviour, symptoms of depression, warning signs and risk factors associated with suicidal behaviour, motivating help-seeking behaviour, dealing with acute suicidal crisis and informing bereaved relatives...
September 19, 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638688/post-discharge-needs-of-victims-of-gun-violence-in-chicago-a-qualitative-study
#15
Desmond Patton, Aparna Sodhi, Steven Affinati, Jooyoung Lee, Marie Crandall
The purpose of this study was to understand the post-discharge needs of violently injured patients and their families to improve health outcomes and reduce the impact of gun violence. We recruited 10 patients from the trauma registry of a Midwestern university hospital with a Level 1 Trauma Center (L1TC). After obtaining the informed consent, semi-structured, face-to-face, in-depth interviews were conducted. Discussions focused on post-discharge needs and resources to facilitate the recovery and rehabilitation process, and aid in community reintegration...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616616/and-the-survey-said-evaluating-rationale-for-participation-in-gun-buybacks-as-a-tool-to-encourage-higher-yields
#16
Rebecca E Kasper, Jonathan Green, Rachelle N Damle, Jeremy Aidlen, Pradeep Nazarey, Mariann Manno, Esther Borer, Michael P Hirsh
BACKGROUND: Gun buyback programs represent one arm of a multipronged approach to raise awareness and education about gun safety. METHODS: The city of Worcester, MA has conducted an annual gun buyback at the Police Department Headquarters since 2002. We analyzed survey responses from a voluntary, 18-question, face-to-face structured interview from December 2009 to June 2015 using descriptive statistics to determine participant demographics and motivations for participation...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599432/assertive-community-treatment-and-associations-with-delinquency
#17
Maaike D van Vugt, Hans Kroon, Philippe A E G Delespaul, Cornelis L Mulder
This article draws on a prospective longitudinal study in which Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) model fidelity and patient outcomes were assessed in twenty outpatient treatment teams. 530 severely mentally ill patients participated in the study. Delinquency outcomes were assessed three times during a two-year follow-up period. At baseline, 49% of the patients had a recent criminal history, meaning that they had at least one reported contact with the police and/or the justice system in the past year. Patients with a recent criminal history had more serious psychosocial problems at baseline compared to those without a recent criminal history...
September 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580985/sheltering-for-safety-in-community-women-with-divorce-histories
#18
Ashlee J Warnecke, Yvette Z Szabo, Vicki E Burns, Rafael Fernandez-Botran, James J Miller, Tamara L Newton
This cross-sectional study compared the prevalence of formal and informal sheltering (i.e., staying in an agency shelter, or with friends/family, respectively) and evaluated associations with abuse severity. Community women (N = 197) with divorce histories reported on lifetime intimate partner abuse, including sheltering for safety. Prevalence of informal sheltering (43%) exceeded that of formal sheltering (11%). Rates/levels of coercive control, severe violence, injury, and police involvement were comparable for women who sheltered formally or informally, and exceeded those of women who never sheltered...
August 30, 2016: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578389/exploitation-offense-or-private-issue-guardians-perceptions-and-self-efficacy-in-handling-girl-compensated-dating-in-hong-kong
#19
Jessica C M Li, Chau-Kiu Cheung, Cindy X S Jia, Budeba P Mlyakado
Compensated dating (CD) has emerged as a global concern since the 1990s. Although considerable empirical research has been conducted to assess the patterns of and factors influencing CD, limited information is currently available on the attitudes of guardians (e.g., social workers, police officers, parents of students, and community representatives) in a Chinese community toward this issue. Using survey data collected from 962 guardians, the current study analyzes the guardians' perceptions of CD and their self-efficacy in handling this issue...
August 29, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568790/qualitative-examination-of-enacted-stigma-towards-gay-and-bisexual-men-and-related-health-outcomes-in-tajikistan-central-asia
#20
Umedjon Ibragimov, Frank Y Wong
Gay and bisexual men (GBM) in Tajikistan are an extremely stigmatised group at high risk for sexually transmitted infections and HIV. However, there is a paucity of research on how and in what way stigma affects their lives. We conducted a qualitative study to examine the impact of stigma on GBM's lives in Tajikistan, focusing on stigma enactors, settings, factors affecting vulnerability of GBM and health consequences. Eight individual in-depth interviews and 3 focus-group discussions with 13 participants (N   =   21) from GBM community were conducted in two cities of Tajikistan...
August 29, 2016: Global Public Health
keyword
keyword
115469
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"