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Racial Profiling

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420504/the-clinical-profile-of-young-and-adolescent-women-with-laparoscopically-diagnosed-endometriosis-in-a-singapore-tertiary-hospital
#1
Yoke-Fai Fong, Soon-Kit Hon, Li-Lian Low, Karen Lim Mei Xian
OBJECTIVE: Endometriosis has been increasingly recognized as the cause of severe dysmenorrhea among younger women including adolescents, often with significant delay from time of presentation to diagnosis. Data on the South East Asian women is scarce. This study aims to describe the disease pattern in a group of young Asian women with histological diagnosis of endometriosis in our center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 709 laparoscopic operations were performed for endometriosis in our center between 2000 and 2007...
April 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415965/the-pregnancy-environment-and-lifestyle-study-petals-a-population-based-longitudinal-multi-racial-birth-cohort
#2
Yeyi Zhu, Monique M Hedderson, Juanran Feng, Ashley A Mevi, Assiamira Ferrara
BACKGROUND: Increasing recognition has been received regarding the proven and suggested links between multi-level environmental exposures on a broad scale (e.g., chemical, clinical, behavioral, physical and social) and health deficits originated from the critical window of development. However, such prospective human data are limited. In 2016, the National Institutes of Health funded 35 centers comprising 84 extant cohorts for the Environmental Influences on Child Health Outcomes (ECHO) pediatric cohorts program...
April 17, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414495/racial-discrimination-racial-identity-and-impostor-phenomenon-a-profile-approach
#3
Donte L Bernard, Lori S Hoggard, Enrique W Neblett
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the association between racial discrimination and the impostor phenomenon (IP) and the moderating influence of racial identity on this relationship. METHOD: One hundred fifty-seven African American college students (68% female; mean age = 18.63) completed measures of racial discrimination, racial identity, and IP during 2 waves of data collection. RESULTS: Utilizing latent profile analyses, 4 patterns of racial identity were identified: Undifferentiated, Multiculturalist, Race-Focused, and Humanist...
April 17, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411317/race-obesity-and-the-renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system-treatment-response-in-children-with-primary-hypertension
#4
Andrew M South, Lester Arguelles, Gal Finer, Craig B Langman
BACKGROUND: Pediatric primary hypertension (HTN) is increasingly recognized, but the effect of patient characteristics such as obesity and race on treatment outcomes is not well described. The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) may also contribute to HTN. We hypothesized patient parameters of these factors, including baseline RAAS, influence blood pressure (BP) response to pharmacological treatment in HTN. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort of 102 consecutive patients with HTN...
April 14, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410861/prevalence-of-cardiovascular-health-by-occupation-a-cross-sectional-analysis-among-u-s-workers-aged-%C3%A2-45-years
#5
Leslie A MacDonald, Stephen Bertke, Misty J Hein, Suzanne Judd, Sherry Baron, Robert Merritt, Virginia J Howard
INTRODUCTION: Identification of groups with poor cardiovascular health (CVH) can inform where and how to target public health efforts. National prevalence estimates of CVH were derived for clinical (blood glucose, total cholesterol, blood pressure) and behavioral (BMI, diet quality, physical activity, smoking) factors among U.S. workers aged ≥45 years. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis included 6,282 employed black and white men and women aged ≥45 years enrolled in the national population-based REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke study from 2003 to 2007...
April 5, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403949/racial-differences-in-circulating-levels-of-the-soluble-receptor-for-advanced-glycation-endproducts-in-middle-aged-and-older-adults
#6
Tina E Brinkley, Xiaoyan Leng, Barbara J Nicklas, Stephen B Kritchevsky, Jingzhong Ding, Dalane W Kitzman, W Gregory Hundley
BACKGROUND: Low levels of the soluble receptor for advanced glycation endproducts (sRAGE) have been implicated in a number of chronic diseases. Previous studies indicate that sRAGE levels are ~30% lower in Blacks compared to Whites. However, the reasons for these differences are unclear. PURPOSE: We aimed to identify predictors of circulating sRAGE biomarkers among Black and White adults at high cardiac risk. METHODS: Serum levels of total sRAGE, endogenous secretory RAGE (esRAGE), carboxymethyl-lysine (CML, a major RAGE ligand), and their ratios were measured in 99 Blacks and 454 Whites...
May 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403016/green-collar-workers-an-emerging-workforce-in-the-environmental-sector
#7
Laura A McClure, William G LeBlanc, Cristina A Fernandez, Lora E Fleming, David J Lee, Kevin J Moore, Alberto J Caban-Martinez
OBJECTIVE: We describe the socio-demographic, occupational, and health characteristics of "green collar" workers, a vital and emerging workforce in energy-efficiency and sustainability. METHODS: We linked data from the 2004 to 2012 National Health Interview Surveys (NHIS) and US Occupational Information Network (O*NET). Descriptive and logistic regression analyses were conducted using green collar worker status as the outcome (n = 143,346). RESULTS: Green collar workers are more likely than non-green workers to be men, age 25 to 64 years, obese, and with less than or equal to high school (HS) education...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399669/risk-for-spontaneous-preterm-birth-among-inter-racial-ethnic-couples
#8
Bat Zion Shachar, Jonathan A Mayo, Deirdre J Lyell, David K Stevenson, Gary M Shaw, Yair J Blumenfeld
OBJECTIVE: Approximately 10% of US couples are inter-racial/ethnic. Substantial variation in preterm birth (PTB) rates is seen when stratified by race/ethnicity, although most studies focused solely on maternal racial/ethnic demographics. Our aims were to analyze the contribution of paternal in addition to maternal race/ethnicity, and to evaluate risk of spontaneous PTB for previously understudied inter-racial/ethnic couples. METHODS: California singleton live births from 2007 to 2010 were included...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393320/prevalence-and-ethnic-racial-disparities-in-the-distribution-of-pediatric-injuries-in-south-florida-implications-for-the-development-of-community-prevention-programs
#9
Carmen Ramos Irizarry, Patrick C Hardigan, Mark G Mc Kenney, Gretchen Holmes, Rudy Flores, Brenda Benson, Ascension M Torres
BACKGROUND: The state of Florida continues to report significant gender, ethnic and racial disparities in trauma incidence, access to care and outcomes in the adult population. Our objective was to assess pediatric injury profiles and ethnic/racial disparities of specific injuries in a Regional Trauma Center (TC) in South Florida. METHODS: Retrospective data from November 2011 to December 2015 were obtained from the Level 2 TC registry for children ≤21 years old...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376822/internationally-educated-nurses-in-canada-predictors-of-workforce-integration
#10
Christine L Covell, Marie-Douce Primeau, Kelley Kilpatrick, Isabelle St-Pierre
BACKGROUND: Global trends in migration accompanied with recent changes to the immigrant selection process may have influenced the demographic and human capital characteristics of internationally educated nurses (IENs) in Canada and in turn the assistance required to facilitate their workforce integration. This study aimed to describe the demographic and human capital profile of IENs in Canada, to explore recent changes to the profile, and to identify predictors of IENs' workforce integration...
April 4, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362692/breast-milk-tgf%C3%AE-is-associated-with-neonatal-gut-microbial-composition
#11
Alexandra R Sitarik, Kevin R Bobbitt, Suzanne L Havstad, Kei E Fujimura, Albert M Levin, Edward M Zoratti, Haejin Kim, Kimberley J Woodcroft, Ganesa Wegienka, Dennis R Ownby, Christine L M Joseph, Susan V Lynch, Christine C Johnson
OBJECTIVES: Breast milk is a complex bioactive fluid that varies across numerous maternal and environmental conditions. While breastfeeding is known to impact neonatal gut microbiome, the milk components responsible for this effect are not well-characterized. Given the wide range of immunological activity breast milk cytokines engage in, we investigated three essential breast milk cytokines and their association with early life gut microbiota. METHODS: A total of 52 maternal-child pairs were drawn from a racially diverse birth cohort based in Detroit, Michigan...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327576/genotypic-spectrum-and-phenotype-correlations-of-abca4-associated-disease-in-patients-of-south-asian-descent
#12
Winston Lee, Kaspar Schuerch, Jana Zernant, Frederick T Collison, Srilaxmi Bearelly, Gerald A Fishman, Stephen H Tsang, Janet R Sparrow, Rando Allikmets
Variants in the ABCA4 gene are the most common cause of juvenile-onset blindness affecting close to 1 in 10 000 people worldwide. Disease severity varies largely according to genotype, which can be specific to ethnic and racial groups. Here we investigate the spectrum of ABCA4 variation and its phenotypic expression in 38 patients of South Asian descent, notably from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. Sequencing of all exons and flanking intronic sequences of ABCA4 revealed disease-causing variants in all patients: 3 in 2...
March 22, 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300655/health-conditions-and-racial-differences-among-justice-involved-adolescents-2009-2014
#13
Tyler N A Winkelman, Joseph W Frank, Ingrid A Binswanger, Debra A Pinals
OBJECTIVE: Providers can optimize care for high-risk adolescents by understanding the health risks among the one million US adolescents who interact with the justice system each year. We compared the prevalence of physical health, substance use, and mood disorders among adolescents with and without justice involvement and analyzed differences by race/ethnicity. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis using the 2009-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). Prevalence data were adjusted for sociodemographic differences between adolescents with and without justice involvement...
March 11, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275035/racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-oncotype-dx-test-receipt-in-a-statewide-population-based-study
#14
Brigette A Davis, Jenerius A Aminawung, Maysa M Abu-Khalaf, Suzanne B Evans, Kevin Su, Rajni Mehta, Shi-Yi Wang, Cary P Gross
Background: Racial disparities have been reported in breast cancer care, yet little is known about disparities in access to gene expression profiling (GEP) tests. Given the impact of GEP test results, such as those of Oncotype DX (ODx), on treatment decision-making for hormone receptor-positive (HR+) breast cancer, it is particularly important to assess disparities in its use. Methods: We conducted a retrospective population-based study of 8,784 patients diagnosed with breast cancer in Connecticut during 2011 through 2013...
March 2017: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239002/racial-dynamics-and-cultural-competence-training-in-medical-and-pharmacy-education
#15
Margarita Echeverri, Theresa Dise
Using the Self-Assessment of Perceived Level of Cultural Competence (SAPLCC) questionnaire, frequencies, means, and ANOVAS were determined to create medical and pharmacy student profiles of cultural competence. Profiles were used to identify needs for training and underscore critical issues that should be given priority in the curriculum. Significant differences were found in several domains of cultural competence (knowledge, skills, attitudes, and abilities); they may be explained by differences in the implementation of a pilot curriculum, the racial composition of students in both programs, and other characteristics...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198928/biotypology-regionalism-and-the-construction-of-a-plural-brazilian-bodily-identity-1930s
#16
Ana Carolina Vimieiro-Gomes
This article investigates regional biotypological studies and the construction of biological deterministic discourses about the Brazilian identity in the 1930s. Biotypological research was undertaken to determine the normal body type of the Brazilian man, using its peculiar classificatory lexicon. Studies into the bodily profile of specific regions, like the northeast and São Paulo state, featured in this research. In the context of the contemporary debates about race, miscegenation, and national identity, these investigations were geared towards biological determinism and the influence of the environment and social and cultural aspects on the bodily development of Brazilians...
December 2016: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181157/comprehensive-neighborhood-portraits-and-child-asthma-disparities
#17
Ashley W Kranjac, Rachel T Kimbro, Justin T Denney, Kristin M Osiecki, Brady S Moffett, Keila N Lopez
Objectives Previous research has established links between child, family, and neighborhood disadvantages and child asthma. We add to this literature by first characterizing neighborhoods in Houston, TX by demographic, economic, and air quality characteristics to establish differences in pediatric asthma diagnoses across neighborhoods. Second, we identify the relative risk of social, economic, and environmental risk factors for child asthma diagnoses. Methods We geocoded and linked electronic pediatric medical records to neighborhood-level social and economic indicators...
February 8, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165056/risk-profile-and-hiv-testing-outcomes-of-women-undergoing-community-based-testing-in-san-diego-2008-2014
#18
Susannah K Graves, Susan J Little, Martin Hoenigl
Women comprised 19% of new HIV diagnoses in the United States in 2014, with significant racial and ethnic disparities in infection rates. This cross-sectional analysis of women enrolled in a cohort study compares demographics, risk behaviour, and sexually transmitted infections (STI) in those undergoing HIV testing in San Diego County. Data from the most recent screening visit of women undergoing voluntary HIV screening April 2008 -July 2014 was used. HIV diagnosis, risk behaviour and self-reported STIs were compared among women aged ≤24, 25-49, and ≥50, as well as between HIV-infected and uninfected women and between Hispanic and non-Hispanic women...
February 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159800/revised-framingham-stroke-risk-profile-to-reflect-temporal-trends
#19
Carole Dufouil, Alexa Beiser, Leslie A McLure, Philip A Wolf, Christophe Tzourio, Virginia J Howard, Andrew J Westwood, Jayandra J Himali, Lisa Sullivan, Hugo J Aparicio, Margaret Kelly-Hayes, Karen Ritchie, Carlos S Kase, Aleksandra Pikula, Jose R Romero, Ralph B D'Agostino, Cécilia Samieri, Ramachandran S Vasan, Genevieve Chêne, George Howard, Sudha Seshadri
BACKGROUND: Age-adjusted stroke incidence has decreased over the past 50 years, likely as a result of changes in the prevalence and impact of various stroke risk factors. An updated version of the Framingham Stroke Risk Profile (FSRP) might better predict current risks in the FHS (Framingham Heart Study) and other cohorts. We compared the accuracy of the standard (old) and of a revised (new) version of the FSRP in predicting the risk of all-stroke and ischemic stroke and validated this new FSRP in 2 external cohorts, the 3C (3 Cities) and REGARDS (Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke) studies...
March 21, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156528/evaluation-of-patient-s-versus-hematologist-oncologist-s-office-visit-agenda
#20
Kaitlin McIntyre, Rakesh Singal, Damien Mikael Hansra
125 Background: Few studies have been reported in oncology regarding elements of physician agenda. We aim to compare elements of a doctor office visit agenda between hem/onc physicians (MD) and patients (pts). METHODS: Pts and MDs were enrolled to completed a five question survey. Pts were asked: "My doctor" Focuses more on quantity of life and less on quality of life, spends enough time with me, addresses symptoms, addresses chemo side effects, and addresses prognosis. MDs were asked the same questions but worded: "I" spend enough time with pts for example...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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