keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Racial Profiling

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062273/sexual-orientation-and-sleep-in-the-u-s-a-national-profile
#1
Jen-Hao Chen, Cheng-Shi Shiu
INTRODUCTION: Sexual minorities often experience poorer health than non-sexual minorities. However, extant knowledge remains limited regarding the sleep characteristics, a risk factor for chronic diseases and excess mortality, of sexual minorities compared with non-sexual minorities at the population level. METHODS: This study analyzed the 2013-2014 National Health Interview Survey, Adult Sample (n=68,960) to examine the reported sleep duration and sleep disturbances (i...
January 3, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045435/maternal-circulating-lipid-profile-during-early-pregnancy-racial-ethnic-differences-and-association-with-spontaneous-preterm-delivery
#2
Xinhua Chen, Theresa O Scholl, Thomas P Stein, Robert A Steer, Keith P Williams
Prior reports on the association between altered maternal serum lipid levels with preterm delivery are inconsistent. Ethnic differences in serum lipids during pregnancy and their relation to preterm delivery have not been studied. We examined the relationships of six maternal lipids during early pregnancy with the risk of spontaneous preterm delivery (SPTD). The design represents a case-control study nested within a large prospective, multiethnic cohort of young, generally healthy pregnant women. SPTD cases (n = 183) and controls who delivered at term (n = 376) were included...
January 1, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039579/discordance-of-somatic-mutations-between-asian-and-caucasian-patient-populations-with-gastric-cancer
#3
Feifei Jia, Jamie K Teer, Todd C Knepper, Jae K Lee, Hong-Hao Zhou, Yi-Jing He, Howard L McLeod
BACKGROUND: Differences in response to cancer treatments have been observed among racially and ethnically diverse gastric cancer (GC) patient populations. In the era of targeted therapy, mutation profiling of cancer is a crucial aspect of making therapeutic decisions. Mapping driver gene mutations for the GC patient population as a whole has significant potential to advance precision therapy. METHODS: GC patients with sequencing data (N = 473) were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA; n = 295), Moffitt Cancer Center Total Cancer Care™ (TCC; n = 33), and three published studies (n = 145)...
December 30, 2016: Molecular Diagnosis & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988942/young-healthy-south-asians-have-enhanced-lipogenic-sensitivity-to-dietary-sugar
#4
Lisa C Hudgins, Jonathan L Hugo, Samim Enayat, Thomas S Parker, Amanda S Artis, Daniel M Levine
OBJECTIVE: South Asians have higher rates of Type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease compared to most other racial/ethnic groups. Increased hepatic de novo lipogenesis (DNL) in response to dietary sugar may accelerate the development of these chronic diseases in this population. STUDY DESIGN: Hepatic DNL in response to a calorically sweetened beverage was measured in an outpatient setting in 15 South Asians and 15 Caucasians with similar and normal body mass indexes, waist circumferences, glucose tolerance and lipid profiles...
December 17, 2016: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981233/temporal-and-racial-differences-associated-with-atopic-dermatitis-staphylococcusaureus-and-encoded-virulence-factors
#5
Joseph A Merriman, Elizabeth A Mueller, Michael P Cahill, Lisa A Beck, Amy S Paller, Jon M Hanifin, Peck Y Ong, Lynda Schneider, Denise C Babineau, Gloria David, Alexandre Lockhart, Keli Artis, Donald Y M Leung, Patrick M Schlievert
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is an inflammatory skin condition strongly associated with Staphylococcus aureus colonization and infection. S. aureus strains shift in populations in ~10-year intervals depending on virulence factors. Shifts in S. aureus virulence factors may in part explain the racial differences observed in the levels of prevalence and severity of AD. AD S. aureus isolates collected from 2011 to 2014 (103 isolates) and in 2008 (100 isolates) were examined for the prevalence of genes encoding superantigens (SAgs)...
November 2016: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957339/gender-and-racial-differences-in-the-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-overweight-and-obese-rural-adults-kuching-and-samarahan-division-sarawak-malaysia
#6
Whye Lian Cheah, Ching Thon Chang, Helmy Hazmi, Wan Manan Wan Muda
Objective. This study aimed to determine whether gender and ethnic differences had an effect on cardiovascular risk factors in overweight and obese rural adults in Sarawak. Design and Setting. This was a cross-sectional study conducted in rural communities in Kuching and Samarahan division, Malaysia. Data was obtained using a set of questionnaire (sociodemographic data and physical activity), measurement of blood pressure, height, weight (body mass index, BMI), body fat percentage, fasting blood sugar, and lipid profile from three ethnic groups-Iban, Malay, and Bidayuh...
2016: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926807/evaluation-of-a-national-e-mentoring-program-for-ethnically-diverse-student-nurse-midwives-and-student-midwives
#7
Maria Valentin-Welch
INTRODUCTION: The US racial profile is changing rapidly, yet the nursing and midwifery professions are not evolving accordingly. The lack of racial and ethnic diversity within these health professions negatively affects efforts to eliminate persistent health disparities. To address this issue, the Midwives of Color Committee (MOCC) of the American College of Nurse-Midwives (ACNM) created a national online mentoring program in 2011 to support midwifery students of color. An evaluation of the program is reported here...
November 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919353/dyslipidemia-according-to-gender-and-race-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil
#8
Raul D Santos, Isabela M Bensenor, Alexandre C Pereira, Paulo A Lotufo
BACKGROUND: There is little information regarding lipid profiles of racially mixed populations. Differently from other Latin American countries, the proportion of African ancestry is much higher in Brazil. OBJECTIVE: Verify whether there are differences in the lipid profile between black and white subjects and if people with mixed ancestry have a pattern more closely resembling whites or blacks. METHODS: A total of 15,105 civil servants aged 35-74 years from the ELSA-Brasil study had their fasting lipid profile determined...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915434/differences-in-the-mutational-landscape-of-triple-negative-breast-cancer-in-african-americans-and-caucasians
#9
Foluso O Ademuyiwa, Yu Tao, Jingqin Luo, Katherine Weilbaecher, Cynthia X Ma
BACKGROUND: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) occurs at higher frequency in African Americans compared with Caucasians. It is unclear if the biology of TNBC is different in African American versus Caucasians. In this study, we sought to evaluate racial differences in the molecular pathology of TNBC. METHODS: Using data from The Cancer Genome Atlas, we identified TNBC patients with information on race. We analyzed differences in clinical characteristics, tumor somatic mutations, and gene expression patterns by race from whole exome and microarray data...
February 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865977/racial-ethnic-differences-in-preterm-perinatal-outcomes
#10
Maeve E Wallace, Pauline Mendola, Sung Soo Kim, Nikira Epps, Zhen Chen, Melissa Smarr, Stefanie N Hinkle, Yeyi Zhu, Katherine L Grantz
BACKGROUND: Racial disparities in preterm birth and infant death have been well documented. Less is known about racial disparities in neonatal morbidities among infants who are born at <37 weeks of gestation. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the risk for morbidity and death among infants who are born preterm differs by maternal race. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort design included medical records from preterm deliveries of 19,325 black, Hispanic, and white women in the Consortium on Safe Labor...
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833104/analysis-of-zinc-exporters-expression-in-prostate-cancer
#11
Chandra K Singh, Kareem M Malas, Caitlin Tydrick, Imtiaz A Siddiqui, Kenneth A Iczkowski, Nihal Ahmad
Maintaining optimal intracellular zinc (Zn) concentration is crucial for critical cellular functions. Depleted Zn has been associated with prostate cancer (PCa) progression. Solute carrier family 30 (SLC30A) proteins maintain cytoplasmic Zn balance by exporting Zn out to the extracellular space or by sequestering cytoplasmic Zn into intracellular compartments. In this study, we determined the involvement of Zn-exporters, SLC30A 1-10 in PCa, in the context of racial health disparity in human PCa samples obtained from European-American (EA) and African-American (AA) populations...
November 11, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815639/dna-methylation-based-variation-between-human-populations
#12
REVIEW
Farzeen Kader, Meenu Ghai
Several studies have proved that DNA methylation affects regulation of gene expression and development. Epigenome-wide studies have reported variation in methylation patterns between populations, including Caucasians, non-Caucasians (Blacks), Hispanics, Arabs, and numerous populations of the African continent. Not only has DNA methylation differences shown to impact externally visible characteristics, but is also a potential biomarker for underlying racial health disparities between human populations. Ethnicity-related methylation differences set their mark during early embryonic development...
November 4, 2016: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801916/preventing-foodborne-and-enteric-illnesses-among-at-risk-populations-in-the-united-states-and-rhode-island
#13
Jonathan Barkley, Ernest Julian, Brendalee Viveiros, Michael Gosciminski, Utpala Bandy
One out of every six people in the United States is estimated to become sick each year from pathogens that can cause foodborne illness. The groups at greatest risk for serious illness, hospitalization, or death include young children, older adults, people with chronic conditions, and pregnant women. Such health disparities must be considered along with those disparities that may exist among racial and ethnic groups and among groups of varying socioeconomic status. We analyzed risk profiles for enteric disease using data from Rhode Island and the nation as a whole, exploring disparities among groups defined by demographic and health characteristics...
November 1, 2016: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792810/effect-of-uveal-melanocytes-on-choroidal-morphology-in-rhesus-macaques-and-humans-on-enhanced-depth-imaging-optical-coherence-tomography
#14
Glenn Yiu, Vivian S Vuong, Sharon Oltjen, David Cunefare, Sina Farsiu, Laura Garzel, Jeffrey Roberts, Sara M Thomasy
Purpose: To compare cross-sectional choroidal morphology in rhesus macaque and human eyes using enhanced-depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT) and histologic analysis. Methods: Enhanced-depth imaging-OCT images from 25 rhesus macaque and 30 human eyes were evaluated for choriocapillaris and choroidal-scleral junction (CSJ) visibility in the central macula based on OCT reflectivity profiles, and compared with age-matched histologic sections. Semiautomated segmentation of the choriocapillaris and CSJ was used to measure choriocapillary and choroidal thickness, respectively...
October 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789200/maternal-pre-pregnancy-body-mass-index-and-circulating-micrornas-in-pregnancy
#15
Daniel A Enquobahrie, Pandora L Wander, Mahlet G Tadesse, Chunfang Qiu, Claudia Holzman, Michelle A Williams
BACKGROUND: Maternal pre-pregnancy overweight and obese status has been associated with a number of pregnancy complications and adverse offspring outcomes. Mechanisms for observed associations, however, are largely unknown. We investigated associations of pre-pregnancy body mass index with early-mid pregnancy epigenetic biomarkers, circulating microRNAs. METHODS: Peripheral blood was collected from participants (16-27 weeks gestation) of two multi-racial pregnancy cohorts, the Omega Study and the Pregnancy Outcomes and Community Health Study...
October 24, 2016: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779208/racial-differences-in-microrna-and-gene-expression-in-hypertensive-women
#16
Douglas F Dluzen, Nicole Noren Hooten, Yongqing Zhang, Yoonseo Kim, Frank E Glover, Salman M Tajuddin, Kimberly D Jacob, Alan B Zonderman, Michele K Evans
Systemic arterial hypertension is an important cause of cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality. African Americans are disproportionately affected by hypertension, in fact the incidence, prevalence, and severity of hypertension is highest among African American (AA) women. Previous data suggests that differential gene expression influences individual susceptibility to selected diseases and we hypothesized that this phenomena may affect health disparities in hypertension. Transcriptional profiling of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from AA or white, normotensive or hypertensive females identified thousands of mRNAs differentially-expressed by race and/or hypertension...
October 25, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771748/pharmacogenetics-of-stimulant-abuse-liability-association-of-cdh13-variant-with-amphetamine-response-in-a-racially-heterogeneous-sample-of-healthy-young-adults
#17
Adam M Leventhal, Matthew G Kirkpatrick, Mollie S Pester, John E McGeary, Robert M Swift, Steve Sussman, Christopher W Kahler
RATIONALE: A previous genome-wide association study (GWAS) in a predominately Caucasian sample of healthy young adults linked greater amphetamine-induced rewarding effects with the rs3784943 G allele of the cadherin 13 (CDH13; i.e., a cell adhesion molecule implicated in neuronal connectivity) gene. This association has not been subsequently examined, nor has it been studied in Asian populations, which may have greater frequencies of the risk allele. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the association of rs3784943 with amphetamine response in a racially heterogeneous sample (37 % Asian) of healthy young adults...
January 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768979/cortisol-profiles-differ-by-race-ethnicity-among-young-sexual-minority-men
#18
Stephanie H Cook, Robert-Paul Juster, Benjamin J Calebs, Justin Heinze, Alison L Miller
Much of the extant scientific research examining hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA)-axis functioning is conducted among White heterosexuals. Very little research examines HPA-axis functioning between different minority groups. Individuals who identify as both sexual and racial minorities may experience increased stigma and discrimination that can affect HPA-axis functioning. In the current study, we examined diurnal cortisol rhythm in young White gay men (WGM) compared to young Black gay men (BGM). The sample consisted of 70 healthy gay men (mean [SD] age=22...
January 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760278/hazard-characteristics-and-patterns-of-environmental-injustice-household-level-determinants-of-environmental-risk-in-miami-florida
#19
Sara E Grineski, Timothy W Collins, Jayajit Chakraborty, Marilyn Montgomery
Limited systematic comparative knowledge exists about patterns of environmental injustices in exposure to varied natural and technological hazards. To address this gap, we examine how hazard characteristics (i.e., punctuated event/suddenness of onset, frequency/magnitude, and divisibility) influence relationships between race/ethnicity, nativity, socioeconomic status (SES), older age, housing tenure, and residential hazard exposure. Sociodemographic data come from a random sample survey of 602 residents of the tricounty Miami Metropolitan Statistical Area (Florida)...
October 19, 2016: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754278/hw-03-1-renal-sympathetic-denervation-for-resistant-hypertension-under-optimal-drug-therapy
#20
Byeong-Keuk Kim
Catheter-based renal sympathetic denervation (RDN) has opened the new world in the treatment of resistant or refractory hypertension. However, SYMPLICITY HTN-3, 2:1 randomization, blinded and sham-controlled study did not show a significant reduction of systolic blood pressure (BP) in patients with resistant hypertension 6 months after RDN as compared with a sham control. After that, substudy investigating the predictors of BP responses in SYMPLICITY HTN-3 trial was reported; racial difference and optimal medical treatment were issued for the optimal denervation therapy...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
keyword
keyword
115468
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"