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Obstetrics and gynaecology

Simmi Kharb, D Aggarwal, J Bala, S Nanda
BACKGROUND: Folate, vitamin B12 and vitamin B6 are required for homocysteine metabolism and their deficiency can result in increased homocysteine concentration. Homocysteine concentrations have been found to be increased in late pregnancy toward nonpregnant values. OBJECTIVE: To study folate, vitamin B12 and homocysteine levels in cord blood and maternal blood in preeclampsia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred fifty pregnant women attending Out Patient Department of Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology were recruited for the study...
October 10, 2016: Current Hypertension Reviews
Frederico S Falcetta, Theresa A Lawrie, Lídia Rf Medeiros, Maria Ines da Rosa, Maria I Edelweiss, Airton T Stein, Alice Zelmanowicz, Anaelena B Moraes, Roselaine R Zanini, Daniela D Rosa
BACKGROUND: This is an updated version of the original review that was first published in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2008, Issue 4. Laparoscopy has become an increasingly common approach to surgical staging of apparent early-stage ovarian tumours. This review was undertaken to assess the available evidence on the benefits and risks of laparoscopy compared with laparotomy for the management of International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage I ovarian cancer...
October 13, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Jenni Burt, Gary Abel, Matt Barclay, Robert Evans, John Benson, Mark Gurnell
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between student performance in undergraduate objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs) and the examination schedule to which they were assigned to undertake these examinations. DESIGN: Analysis of routinely collected data. SETTING: One UK medical school. PARTICIPANTS: 2331 OSCEs of 3 different types (obstetrics OSCE, paediatrics OSCE and simulated clinical encounter examination OSCE) between 2009 and 2013...
October 11, 2016: BMJ Open
Danielle Cotter, Michael J Turner, Fionnuala M McAuliffe, Mary F Higgins
OBJECTIVE: To study the educational value to medical students of a labour ward rotation. DESIGN: Qualitative research study was performed in two tertiary level obstetric hospitals attached to a large medical school in Dublin. Medical students attending a six-week rotation in Obstetrics and Gynaecology in University College Dublin were invited to participate. As part of this rotation, students spend one week as part of the clinical team working on the labour ward...
September 21, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
James O Drife
The term 'obstetrics and gynaecology' now feels like an outmoded name for women's health care. Since the 1960s the specialty has been transformed by social change, technical innovation and medical subspecialization, although the core values of good clinical practice remain unchanged.
October 2016: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
Sophie Palmer, Jessica Pudwell, Graeme N Smith, Robert L Reid
OBJECTIVE: To obtain information on women's attitudes and opinions about participation in vaccine and medication trials during pregnancy. METHODS: A quantitative, cross-sectional survey was administered to 110 consenting women over a four-week period in the waiting room of an ambulatory obstetrics and gynaecology clinic in Ontario. RESULTS: The final response rate was 74.8%, with the majority of participants agreeing with statements about the importance of obtaining safety data about products in pregnancy and the importance of a woman having the ability to choose whether to participate in such research...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Kate L Mandeville, Godwin Ulaya, Mylène Lagarde, Adamson S Muula, Titha Dzowela, Kara Hanson
Emigration has contributed to a shortage of doctors in many sub-Saharan African countries. Specialty training is highly valued by doctors and a potential tool for retention. Yet not all types of training may be valued equally. In the first study to examine preferences for postgraduate training in depth, we carried out a discrete choice experiment as part of a cross-sectional survey of all Malawian doctors within seven years of graduation and not yet in specialty training. Over August 2012 to March 2013, 148 doctors took part out of 153 eligible in Malawi...
September 24, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
Edmund Ndudi Ossai, Kenechi Anderson Uwakwe, Uchenna Chidi Anyanwagu, Ntat Charles Ibiok, Benedict Ndubueze Azuogu, Ngozi Ekeke
BACKGROUND: In resource-poor settings with low doctor-population ratio, there is need for equitable distribution of healthcare workforce. The specialty preferences of medical students determine the future composition of physician workforce hence its relevance in career guidance, healthcare planning and policy formulation. This study was aimed at determining the specialty preferences of final year medical students in medical schools of southeast Nigeria, the gender differences in choice of specialty and the availability of career guidance to the students during the period of training...
October 4, 2016: BMC Medical Education
Biljana Gerasimovska Kitanovska, Vesna Gerasimovska, Vesna Livrinova
BACKGROUND: Alport syndrome is a genetic disease that progresses to chronic kidney failure, with X-linked, autosomal dominant or autosomal recessive type of inheritance. Women are generally carriers of the mutation and have a milder form of the disease. During pregnancy, they have an increased risk of impaired kidney function and preeclampsia. CASE PRESENTATION: A 27-year old woman, gravida 1, para 0, in her 23rd gestational week came to the outpatient unit of the University Clinic of Nephrology for the first time because of slowly progressing proteinuria and Alport syndrome...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
P S Meena, R Soni, M Jain, C S Jilowa, Omprakash
OBJECTIVES: During and after childbirth women undergo tremendous psychological and biological changes. These biological changes, along with the stress of assuming the new role of mother, make postpartum women vulnerable to various psychiatric disorders including cognitive dysfunction, depression, and anxiety. Such problems are under-reported as they are difficult to identify, especially by caregivers who are more focused on the newborn. The present study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of behaviour problems and cognitive dysfunction during the postpartum period...
September 2016: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
H W R Li, B P C Wong, W K Ip, W S B Yeung, P C Ho, E H Y Ng
STUDY QUESTION: How do the three new anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) assay methods, manufactured by Beckman Coulter, Roche and Ansh Labs compare with each other and with the Gen II assay? SUMMARY ANSWER: The three new AMH assays are well correlated among themselves and with the Gen II assay, although differences in calibration do exist. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The Gen II assay has been the mainstay method for AMH measurement in the past few years...
October 4, 2016: Human Reproduction
B O'Leary, A Khalid, M Higgins
Vaginal bleeding is a common event in early pregnancy, with 20-40% of pregnancies affected. Prompt diagnosis and management of bleeding is important, both to reduce morbidity and to avoid excessive emotional distress. This was a prospective study of an educational programme aimed at Obstetrics and Gynaecology BST trainees in the National Maternity Hospital, Dublin. The educational programme consisted of didactic lectures, and simulation and practical sessions. A questionnaire reviewing early pregnancy complications was used to assess participant knowledge...
2016: Irish Medical Journal
L E Kwasnicka, A Griffiths, R J Penketh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
A S Jones, C M Thomas, A Griffiths, A Nargund
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Mehul Agrawal, Pramod Kumar Sharma, S P Dhaneria
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial prophylaxis should be used in circumstances where efficacy has been demonstrated and benefits outweigh the risk. Each hospital must have an antibiotic policy that is implementable and fully adhered to. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted in 209 patients, admitted to swards of various surgical departments including surgery, obstetrics & gynaecology (O&G), otorhinolaryngology (ENT) and orthopaedics. Relevant antimicrobial use data of each patient was collected in a customized Case Record Form (CRF) from day one until patient was discharged...
September 26, 2016: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials
Marta Simó González, Joaquim Calaf Alsina, Núria Terribas Sala, Nerea Luqui Scarcelli, Juliana Plana Borrás, Ana Polo Ramos
We present the case report of a 66-year-old woman who was attended at our gynaecology department at a tertiary university hospital in Barcelona, Spain for a high-risk pregnancy and comment on the obstetric implications and bioethical issues. We retrospectively analysed clinical data about the case and bibliographic references related to the issue. The woman underwent in vitro fertilisation of donated embryos in a private centre and came to our unit at 27 weeks of gestation for pregnancy care. At 33 weeks, she presented pre-eclampsia and a caesarean section was performed...
September 26, 2016: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
Joanna Skręt-Magierło, Renata Raś, Edyta Barnaś, Andrzej Skręt
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was describe the factors determining the evaluation of the hospital environment, especially satisfaction with care and individual needs of cancer patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study comprised 80 women with endometrial cancer diagnosed and treated surgery in the Clinic of Gynaecology and Obstetrics in Rzeszow, Poland, between 2011-2012. The study used 3 questionnaires: the Goals Attainment Scaling (GAS) questionnaires, and questionnaires developed by the EORTC Quality of Life group, i...
September 2016: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
Surakshith L Gowda, Ambarisha Bhandiwad, N K Anupama
BACKGROUND: Litigation in medical practice is becoming a global problem. So it is necessary to know what constitutes negligence and what is required to prove it and how far it is preventable. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the prevalence and reasons for litigations in Obstetrics and Gynaecology for medical negligence and deficiency in service. To analyze on what grounds negligence was proved and to know whether it was preventable. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It is a retrospective analysis of the judgments obtained from all the District Consumer Courts of South India and was specifically analyzed for reasons in filing the case, nature of settlement, and factors considered in deciding negligence especially in the field of obstetrics and gynecology...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Poorva Badkur, Kavita N Singh, Vineeta Ghanghoriya
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To study the colposcopic findings and prevalence of lower genital tract infections in HIV-positive women on anti-retroviral therapy. To find correlation between colposcopic finding, m RNA HPV and cytology of lower genital tract infections in HIV-positive women on anti-retroviral therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present prospective observational study was conducted in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Medical College, Jabalpur, from 1 June 2013 to 31 October 2014...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Georgy Joy Eralil
OBJECTIVE: Aim of this audit is to analyse indication and proportion of babies delivered by elective caesarean section at less than 39(+0) weeks of gestation exposed to antenatal corticosteroids performed in a Premier Hospital, Hywel Dda Health University. The second aim was to learn how an audit can be done and used for improving clinical practice. METHODS: Present study involved all patients who underwent elective caesarean delivery before 39 weeks completed period of gestation in August and September 2014...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
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