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Obstetrics and gynaecology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927080/coexistence-of-adenomyosis-uteri-and-endometrial-cancer-is-associated-with-an-improved-prognosis-compared-with-endometrial-cancer-only
#1
Linda Hertlein, Johanna Rath, Christine Zeder-Göss, Sophie Fürst, Daniela Bayer, Fabian Trillsch, Sven Mahner, Alexander Burges, Udo Jeschke
The present study aimed to identify differences in protein expression in cases of endometrioid endometrial cancer (EEC) with and without coexisting adenomyosis uteri (AM), and to evaluate the histopathological and prognostic distinctions. The total cohort included 22 patients in Group A (patients with concomitant AM and EEC) and 35 patients in Group B (patients affected only by EEC). Evaluation of the following factors was performed: Tumour grade, International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage, survival, and expression of estrogen receptor β (ERβ), glycodelin and inhibin βB...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925278/-tubo-ovarian-abscess-in-the-39th-week-of-pregnancy-case-report
#2
A Piegzová, V Unzeitig
OBJECTIVE: A case of tubo-ovarian abscess in a patient with term pregnancy. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Nemocnice s poliklinikou Karviná Ráj. CASE REPORT: I hereby report a case of a patient in her 39th week of pregnancy hospitalized for abdominal pain and vomiting. Due to unclear aetiology and growing dynamics of inflammatory markers the ending of the pregnancy by induction of labour was indicated...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925274/-a-case-report-of-peritoneal-tuberculosis-the-diagnostic-role-of-pet-ct-and-laparoscopy
#3
H Macháčková, R Pilka, S Losse, M Žurková, V Lošťáková, T Tichý, Y Lovečková
OBJECTIVE: We present a case of peritoneal tuberculosis of young woman with focus on difficult diagnosis of this low incidence disease in developed countries. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Faculty Hospital, Olomouc. Department of Obstetric and Gynaecology, Nový Jičín Hospital. Department of Pulmonary Diseases and Tuberculosis, Faculty Hospital, Olomouc. Department of Pathology nad Molecular Medicine, Faculty Hospital, Olomouc...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919624/frequency-distribution-of-congenital-anomaly-and-associated-maternal-risk-factors
#4
K Fatema, T Das, A Mannan, S M Zaman
This study was done to find out the maternal risk factors associated with congenital anomaly. This cross-sectional observational study was carried out in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh from January 2011 to December 2011. During this study period 78 patients had pregnancy with congenital anomaly and delivered in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Women with ultrasound report of congenitally abnormal fetus irrespective of gestational age were included...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919617/response-side-effects-of-injectable-labetalol-in-pregnancy-induced-severe-hypertension
#5
F A Akter, K Nahar, M M Rahman, R A Ferdousi, M U Ahmed, F Begum, D Biswas, M Alom, M Z Hossain, R Z Razi
The study was performed to assess the response & side effects of injectable Labetalol in the treatment of pregnancy induced severe hypertension. This interventional study was carried out on 72 patients having pregnancy induced severe hypertension attended in the Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Mymensingh Medical College & Hospital (MMCH), Mymensingh, Bangladesh from November 2009 to October 2010. All patients were treated with intravenous Labetalol 20mg & the dose was repeated at sequential escalating dosages every 15 minutes until a therapeutic goal of systolic blood pressure <160mm of Hg & diastolic blood pressure <105mm of Hg were achieved...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919603/current-trends-of-using-antimicrobials-at-obstetrics-and-gynaecology-department-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#6
M M Islam, S K Saha, S Saha, U A Wahid, R R Gomes, K S Ahmed, A N Naushad, S E Suchi, C Saha, D Mondal
This cross-sectional descriptive study was done to analyse the current trends of using antimicrobials in various surgical procedures at Obstetrics and Gynaecology department in Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh from July 2014 to June 2015. Among 300 postoperative obstetrics and gynaecological surgery cases, samples were selected as non-random purposive selection method where pattern of using antimicrobials were analysed by SPSS method 20.1 versions. The incidence of antimicrobial resistance is on continued rise with a threat to return to the pre-antibiotic era...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919599/clinico-biochemical-profile-of-women-with-hyperemesis-gravidarum-admitted-in-a-tertiary-hospital
#7
S Kabir, M S Basher, H Akhter, T Latif, S N Akhter, R K Karmoker, S A Shaon, K Ahmed
Hyperemesis gravidarum is the most severe form of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy with poor pregnancy outcome. Hormonal changes, psychological and immunological factors are attributed to the condition. Recently, prevalence of Helicobacter pylori among women with Hyperemesis gravidarum has been revealed. A descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out at antenatal ward, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh among thirty-six purposively selected patients with Hyperemesis gravidarum to assess the clinic-biochemical profile...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894377/hpip-a-predictor-of-lymph-node-metastasis-and-poor-survival-in-cervical-cancer
#8
Shan Cao, Jingxia Sun, Shuai Lin, Lu Zhao, Di Wu, Tian Liang, Wenji Sheng
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to explore the relationships of HPIP expression status with the clinicopathological variables and survival outcomes of patients with cervical cancer (CC). METHODS: We compared the HPIP expression of 119 samples from CC tissues, 20 from cervical intraepithelial tissues, and 20 from normal cervical tissues by using immunohistochemical staining. RESULTS: It was observed that the ratio of elevated HPIP expression was higher in CC tissues than in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (P=0...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892982/comparison-of-the-different-definition-criteria-for-the-diagnosis-of-amniotic-fluid-embolism
#9
Hiroshi Kobayashi, Juria Akasaka, Katsuhiko Naruse, Toshiyuki Sado, Taihei Tsunemi, Emiko Niiro, Kana Iwai
INTRODUCTION: There are several sets of criteria for the diagnosis of Amniotic Fluid Embolism (AFE), but little is known about their degree of agreement. AIM: To evaluate the concordance of the Japan criteria for AFE in comparison with two definitions: the US AFE registration entry criteria (the US criteria) and UK Obstetric Surveillance System criteria for defining cases of amniotic fluid embolism (the UK criteria). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective observational study was conducted in which the AFE cases registered in the Obstetrical Gynaecological Society of Kinki District in Japan for the period of April 2005 to December 2012 have been analysed by the expert steering obstetric committee, organized by the members of the Obstetric Research group...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892875/development-of-parafollicular-cells-and-their-relationship-with-developing-thyroid-follicles-in-human-foetuses
#10
Sushant Swaroop Das, Sabita Mishra, J M Kaul
INTRODUCTION: The parafollicular cells or clear (C) cells in man are part of neuroendocrine system under Amine Precursor Uptake and Decarboxylation (APUD) cells. Their role in adults has been reputable but in foetus is still unclear. AIM: The present study was a baseline study endeavouring to describe the chronological development of the parafollicular cells with particular focus on its correlation with developing human thyroid follicles. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 10 aborted foetuses (14-28 weeks), procured from the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi, India...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891358/defensive-medicine-among-obstetricians-and-gynaecologists-in-turkey
#11
Mert Küçük
In recent years, there has been a remarkable increase in medical malpractice litigations against OB/GYNs in Turkey and globally. This high litigation atmosphere may have changed attitudes, behaviour and practice of OB/GYNs. In the current study, opinions and attitudes of OB/GYNs regarding defensive medicine and to what extent they practice it were investigated. One hundred and eight OB/GYNs participated in the study. All participants found obstetrics and gynaecology riskier when compared with other medical branches and reported that they were increasingly practising defensive medicine...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890279/ebcog-position-statement-on-caesarean-section-in-europe
#12
REVIEW
European Board And College Of Obstetrics And Gynaecology Ebcog
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876691/a-four-year-across-surgical-discipline-perioperative-and-intraoperative-experience-of-patient-management-in-a-tertiary-academic-hospital-a-review
#13
S Patel, Z M Koto, M Balabyeki
BACKGROUND: There has been a growing trend in the surgical literature to report mortality and morbidity after surgery with preoperative risk adjustment to facilitate meaningful comparisons of surgical outcomes between different surgeons and hospitals. This is a review of the rate of injuries caused by surgeons unintentionally whilst performing procedures in the field of obstetrics and gynaecology, for example, caesarean sections and hysterectomies. METHOD: Data was collected retrospectively over the past four years at Dr George Mukhari Academic Hospital utilising the database and theatre records correlated with patient files...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876580/a-four-year-across-surgical-discipline-perioperative-and-intraoperative-experience-of-patient-management-in-a-tertiary-academic-hospital-a-review-at-dr-george-mukhari-academic-hospital
#14
S Patel, Z M Koto, S Mutambirwa
BACKGROUND: The occurrence of iatrogenic injuries related to obstetric and gynaecological procedures can have a significant impact on morbidity as well as mortality to these patients. In this study we reviewed patients presenting with iatrogenic injuries post caesarean section and hysterectomies in order to classify types of injuries frequently encountered as well as the management of these injuries. METHOD: Over a four year period, the records of all patients presenting with iatrogenic injuries post obstetric and gynaecological procedures were reviewed...
September 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856864/pregnancy-outcomes-in-patients-with-uterine-fibroids-treated-with-ultrasound-guided-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound
#15
M Zou, L Chen, C Wu, C Hu, Y Xiong
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation for uterine fibroids on pregnancy. DESIGN: A retrospective observational study. SETTING: Department of Gynaecology in a single centre in China. POPULATION: Patients with uterine fibroids who wish to become pregnant. METHODS: Patients with uterine fibroids who wished become pregnant and have children, were treated using HIFU from April 2011 to March 2016 at Chongqing Haifu Hospital...
August 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856852/ultrasound-guided-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-treatment-for-abdominal-wall-endometriosis-a-retrospective-study
#16
S Luo, C Zhang, J P Huang, G H Huang, J He
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of ultrasound-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound (USgHIFU) for treating abdominal wall endometrioses (AWE). DESIGN: A retrospective study. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology in China. POPULATION: Patients with abdominal wall endometriosis. METHODS: From August 2010 to April 2014, 32 patients with AWE were treated with USgHIFU in our hospital...
August 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854724/mental-health-in-women-with-endometriosis-searching-for-predictors-of-psychological-distress
#17
F Facchin, G Barbara, D Dridi, D Alberico, L Buggio, E Somigliana, E Saita, P Vercellini
STUDY QUESTION: What factors affect the mental health of women with endometriosis? SUMMARY ANSWER: Not only pelvic pain, but also individual characteristics (i.e. self-esteem, body esteem and emotional self-efficacy), time from diagnosis and intimate relationship status influence the psychological health of endometriosis patients. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The negative impact of endometriosis on mental health has been widely demonstrated by the research literature, along with the fact that presence and severity of pelvic pain are associated with anxiety and depression...
September 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839313/present-tendencies-of-elective-caesarean-delivery-in-romania-geographic-social-and-economic-factors
#18
Cringu Antoniu Ionescu, Liana Ples, Mihail Banacu, Elena Poenaru, Eugenia Panaitescu, Mihai Cornel Traian Dimitriu
The literature review was conducted to identify the causes of the rising incidence of caesarean section (CS) cases in Romania, and to create a database and a measurement plan to quantify the amount of CS on maternal request and the influence of geographical, social and economic factors. The review was conducted at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Clinical Emergency Hospital Sf Pantelimon, Bucharest, and comprised figures of clinical records of all patients who underwent CS between 2009 and 2014...
August 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834379/medical-students-views-of-clinical-environments
#19
Ruby Roberts, Jennifer Cleland, Pia Strand, Peter Johnston
BACKGROUND: Monitoring the quality of clinical learning environments (CLEs) is immensely important in medical education. Objective indicators of the quality of the CLE can be used to measure learner perceptions and to inform educational improvements; however, many established tools were not designed for use in clinical settings and are not theoretically grounded. Our aim was to apply a new tool to the new context of a UK setting to explore the perceptions of senior medical students in a number of different CLEs...
August 23, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828309/adverse-drug-reactions-reporting-by-undergraduate-medical-students-in-a-tertiary-care-teaching-hospital-of-india-content-and-quality-analysis-in-comparison-to-physician-reporting
#20
Parvati B Patel, Tejas K Patel, Snehal Anturlikar, Sahila Khatun, Prakash Bhabhor, Manoj Kumar Saurabh
BACKGROUND: An important challenge to spontaneous reporting system is underreporting. The sensitization and involvement of undergraduate medical students can reduce underreporting in pharmacovigilance program. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical characteristics and reporting quality of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) by undergraduate medical students in comparison with physicians' reporting. METHODS: We sensitized the second professional year undergraduate medical students about pharmacovigilance and asked them to submit reports of ADR observed during their clinical posting from January to December 2015...
July 2017: Perspectives in Clinical Research
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