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zygomatic fracture

Liyun Bai, Linlin Li, Kexin Su, Anthony Bleyer, Yuanyuan Zhang, Ping Ji
Maxillofacial injuries can be complex and are clinically important due to their functional and cosmetic significance. Maltreated and missed fractures might cause deformity of the face; thus, accurate evaluation of the fracture provided by X-ray images is critical. In this study, we explore the application of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) for diagnosis of severe maxillofacial traumas. A patient with a complex fracture that affects the maxilla, mandible, wall of the maxillary sinus, zygoma, zygomatic arch and nasal bone was diagnosed using 3D reconstruction of CBCT images...
2018: Journal of X-ray Science and Technology
M-S Elarabi, A-B Bataineh
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate changing pattern in characteristics of maxillofacial fractures and concomitant injuries in Western Libya During revolution and to assess the association between mechanism of injury and fracture patterns. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective review of medical records and radiographs of 187 patients treated for maxillofacial fractures from January 2010 to December 2012 was performed, there were 326 fractures in 187 patients...
February 24, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
Byung Jun Kim, Yinglan Piao, Maierdanjiang Wufuer, Woo-Chan Son, Tae Hyun Choi
PURPOSE: A biodegradable magnesium alloy system has been developed as a substitute for conventional plates and screws made of titanium or absorbable polymer. However, previous studies were limited to small animal experiments using screws or wires. In the present study, we preliminarily evaluated the biocompatibility and effectiveness of human standard-size biodegradable magnesium-based plates and screws in facial fractures of beagles. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fracture lines were created bilaterally in the zygomatic arches of 6 beagles...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Yu-Tzu Wang, Chih-Hao Chen, Po-Fang Wang, Chun-Li Lin
For this study we developed an anatomical thin titanium mesh (ATTM) plate for Asian zygomaticomaxillary complex (ZMC) fracture repair with reduction guidance and fixation function. The ATTM plate profile was designed as an L-shape to fix at the anterior maxilla and lateral buttress of the ZMC. Computer-aided stamping analysis was performed on four screw-hole patterns in the ATTM plate - a control without screw-holes, square screw-holes, double screw-holes, and large-diameter, double screw-holes - using upper/lower dies of averaged ZMC reconstruction models...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Kristopher M Day, Paul M Phillips, Larry A Sargent
We describe a case of complex, posttraumatic skull and orbital deformities that were evaluated and treated with advanced computer technology, including virtual surgical planning, three-dimensional (3D) modeling, and printed patient custom implants (PCI) fabricated by 3D printing. A 50-year-old man presented to our craniofacial referral center 1 year after failed reduction of complex left orbital, zygomatic, and frontal bone fractures due to a motorcycle collision. The patient's chief complaint was debilitating diplopia in all fields of gaze...
March 2018: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
Jin-Hong Dai, Dong-Dong Xu, Chang-Yuan Yang, Zu-Bing Li, Zhi Li
Sagittal fracture at the temporal root of the zygomatic arch often occurs as a part of zygomaticomaxillary fractures. The authors described the application of computer-assisted navigation in the lag screw insertion for the fixation of sagittal fracture at the temporal root of zygomatic arch. Using the presurgical planning of the computer-assisted navigation system, the trajectory of lag screw insertion was designed, and the insertion depth was calculated. In the presurgical planning, the trajectory of screw insertion was placed with an anterior inclination of 10° to 15° (mean: 12...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Ilky Pollansky Silva E Farias, Ítalo DE Macedo Bernardino, Lorena Marques DA Nóbrega, Rafael Grotta Grempel, Sérgio D'Avila
Objective: To describe the profile of patients with facial trauma admitted in a hospital located in a metropolitan area of Northeast Brazil. Methods: A cross-sectional and exploratory study was performed. A total of 244 cases were in agreement with the eligibility criteria. The variables include the sociodemographic characteristics of patients, etiology, type of trauma, treatment modalities, length of stay in a hospital and quarter of care. Descriptive statistics and Cluster Analysis were performed...
November 2017: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
Padmanidhi Agarwal, Ashi Chug, Shailesh Kumar, Kanav Jain
Facial nerve paralysis is an unusual formidable complication that can manifest after various maxillofacial surgeries, including open reduction of facial trauma. The branches more predisposed to such injury are the zygomatic and marginal mandibular branches. Zygomaticomaxillary complex (ZMC) fractures are frequently encountered in maxillofacial trauma. The facial nerve has not been described as endangered during ZMC surgery. Paralysis of the buccal branch after ZMC repair with delayed onset has been reported only once...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
D-F-S Esses, F-W-G Costa, C-D-L Sa, P-G-B Silva, T-M-M Bezerra, F-S-R Carvalho, J-R de Medeiros, E-C-S Soares
BACKGROUND: To investigate the occupational profile, educational level, marital status and deleterious habits to the health of patients with maxillofacial fractures of a population of northeastern Brazil. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study of patients records admitted to the Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at the Walter Cantidio University Hospital (Fortaleza, Brazil) who sustained maxillofacial fractures was conducted in the period between 2006 and 2015...
December 23, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
Michele Runci, Francesco Saverio De Ponte, Roberto Falzea, Ennio Bramanti, Floriana Lauritano, Gabriele Cervino, Fausto Famà, Alessandro Calvo, Salvatore Crimi, Silvia Rapisarda, Marco Cicciù
Background: Orbital fractures are classified as diseases usually related to common midface trauma. It represents the most challenging treatment due to the complex anatomy, physiology, and aesthetic role. A midface trauma involves also the zygomatic complex and the nose, however the orbit fracture seems to be a more frequent disease due to its anatomical features. Objective: The purpose of this work is to retrospectively evaluate and record the frequency of the midfacial traumas and orbital fractures observed in the North Eastern Sicily...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
Omri Emodi, Amir Wolff, Hanna Srouji, Hany Bahouth, Dani Noy, Imad Abu El Naaj, Adi Rachmiel
AIM: The aim of this study was to analyze the pattern and treatment of craniomaxillofacial injuries in the northern part of Israel, within a Jewish majority and large Arab minority population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 5-year retrospective study evaluated patients treated for craniomaxillofacial fractures. Fracture cause, type, site, and patient demographics were evaluated. RESULTS: Patient age ranged from 1 to 94 years with an average age of 36...
March 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Ross Keat, Paul Leavy, Mathew Thomas
The festive season presents oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS) dental core trainees (DCTs) with the challenges of managing an eclectic mix of emergencies. We present three such patients in this case series. First, Patient A, a 39-year-old homeless male who presented with a maxillary extra-oral draining sinus. Secondly, Patient B, a 38-year-old intra-venous (IV) drug user who suffered pan-facial fractures following an alcohol-fuelled assault. Finally, Patient C, a 38-year-old male who sustained a left zygomatic complex fracture a week previously, in attendance for corrective surgery...
December 2016: Dental Update
Mohamad Saleh Khaqani, Fateme Tavosi, Mahdi Gholami, Hamid Reza Eftekharian, Leila Khojastepour
PURPOSE: The location of the zygomatic bone plays an important role in facial symmetry and esthetics. The aim of this study was to determine and compare the frequency of facial asymmetry in a sample of patients who had undergone treatment of unilateral zygomaticomaxillary complex (ZMC) fractures (study group) and a sample of patients without ZMC fracture (control group). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective controlled cross-sectional study. The primary predictor variable was the type of ZMC fracture (linear or comminuted)...
March 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Anna E Nutt, Thomas Anderson, Margherita Gracis, Ivan Doran, Chris Warren-Smith, Sorrel J Langley-Hobbs
Case series summary This report summarises and reviews the published cases of open-mouth jaw locking in cats and describes three further cases. Case 1 was a 5-year-old, 5.3 kg male neutered domestic shorthair cat. CT identified changes consistent with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysplasia with osseous degenerative changes, and the cat subsequently underwent bilateral partial zygomectomy with bilateral partial coronoidectomy. Case 2 was a 10-year-old, 6.0 kg male neutered Exotic Shorthair. Aside from a fracture of the left maxillary canine tooth crown and absence of the left maxillary fourth premolar tooth, no abnormalities were found on CT scan...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Matthias Krause, Heike Hümpfner-Hierl, Lutz Völker, Thomas Hierl, Niels Christian Pausch
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to analyze the eligibility of resorbable collagen membrane in the treatment of midfacial fractures to prevent gap formation and subsequent cheek tissue retraction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We included nine patients (six males, three females; mean age 51; range 20-73 years; mean bone gap size 8.03 × 13.12 mm) in a retrospective study design. The defect size was assessed by ultrasound. RESULTS: After a healing period of 4 to 55 weeks, treatment resulted in a significant reduction of gap size (residual mean bone gap size 6...
December 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Rodrigo Andrighetti Zamboni, João Carlos Birnfeld Wagner, Maurício Roth Volkweis, Eduardo Luis Gerhardt, Elissa Muller Buchmann, Caren Serra Bavaresco
OBJECTIVES: to investigate the incidence and etiology of face trauma with diagnosis of facial fracture treated at the Buccomaxillofacial Surgery and Traumatology Service of the Santa Casa de Misericórdia Hospital Complex in Porto Alegre. METHODS: we conducted a cross-sectional, retrospective epidemiological study of 134 trauma victims with 153 facial fractures. RESULTS: the male gender was the most affected (86.6%) and the incidence was higher in the age group from 21 to 30 years...
September 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
So Young Ji, Seung Soo Kim, Moo Hyun Kim, Wan Suk Yang
BACKGROUND: Zygoma is a major buttress of the midfacial skeleton, which is frequently injured because of its prominent location. Zygoma fractures are classified according to Knight and North based on the direction of anatomic displacement and the pattern created by the fracture. In zygomaticomaxillary complex (ZMC) fracture many incisions (lateral eyebrow, lateral upper blepharoplasty, transconjunctival, subciliary, subtarsal, intraoral, direct percutaneous approach) are useful. We reviewed various approaches for the treatment of ZMC fractures and discussed about incisions and fixation methods...
December 2016: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
Jun Sik Kim, Young Ji Park, Yoon Jung Lee, Nam Gyun Kim, Kyung Suk Lee
BACKGROUND: Zygomatic arch is a bony arch constituting the lateral midface, which consists of 25% of all midface fractures. There are a number of ways to evaluate the extent of zygomatic arch fracture. Some authors have reported successful treatment outcomes using ultrasound (U/S). To add to the previous methods, we have considered ways to accurately display the location of the fracture line while using U/S with 23 gauge needle marking. We introduce our method, which provided satisfactory results for reduction using a portable U/S, and it can evaluate the fracture line simultaneously when reduction of an isolated zygomatic arch fracture is necessary, and needle marking, which can easily point out the fracture line on U/S...
December 2016: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
Woon Jae Noh, Tae Jung Park, Joo Yeon Kim, Jae Hwan Kwon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of C-arm fluoroscan with a balloon catheter in patients undergoing closed reduction of zygomatic arch fractures. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: All patients who had zygomatic arch reduction surgery between 2006 and 2015 were identified and classified into 2 groups. Group A included those patients who underwent closed reduction of zygomatic arch fractures. Group B included those who underwent zygomatic arch reduction surgery with a C-arm fluoroscan and supporting balloon...
October 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Aleksi Haapanen, Hanna Thorén, Satu Apajalahti, Anna Liisa Suominen, Johanna Snäll
PURPOSE: This study sought to clarify the rate of neurosensory disturbance (NSD) after zygomatic complex fractures in general, as well as the effect of perioperatively administered dexamethasone on neurosensory recovery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a single-blinded randomized study aiming to clarify the benefits of perioperative dexamethasone after surgery. The patients were randomly assigned either to receive dexamethasone (up to a total dose of 10 or 30 mg) or to act as control patients (no glucocorticoid treatment)...
December 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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