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Enophthalmos

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457727/-orbitofrontal-bone-reconstruction-with-cutting-guides
#1
M Atanasiu, A Paré, A Joly, D Goga, B Laure
INTRODUCTION: Reconstruction of craniofacial defects due to traumatic injuries is a challenge for a reconstructive surgeon, given the functional impact, the aesthetic impact and the geometric complexity of the craniofacial skeleton. The use of cutting and repositioning guides enables a new approach from the craniofacial reconstruction with bone grafts on measure. We are presented to illustrate this technique the case of a patient. OBSERVATION: The patient was 50 years old, he presented a traumatic facial sequelar: a left frontal craniofacial deformation, an enlarged left orbit with enophthalmos and valgus left zygoma...
April 27, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411135/silent-sinus-syndrome%C3%A2-a-traumatic-case
#2
E Février, C Vandersteen, L Castillo, C Savoldelli
INTRODUCTION: Silent sinus syndrome is an unusual cause of progressive enophthalmos and hypoglobus due to atelectasia of the maxillary sinus associated with osteolysis of the orbital floor. This syndrome is classically idiopathic, but the term is also used to describe traumatic or iatrogenic (surgical orbital decompression) cases. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 33-year-old man who presented with a left orbital trauma without functional disorder. Computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a nondisplaced fracture of the left orbital floor...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369019/in-vivo-effects-of-retrobulbar-bimatoprost-injection-on-orbital-fat
#3
Kian Eftekhari, M Reza Vagefi, Vivian Lee, James Z Hui, Menglong Zhu, Kimberly Dine, Richard L Anderson, Brigitte Koeberlein, Reas Sulaimankutty, Kenneth S Shindler
PURPOSE: Recent publications have reported the adverse effects of prostaglandin analogues on the periocular tissues. These medications may cause periorbital lipodystrophy, enophthalmos, and deepening of the superior sulcus deformity. While these effects may have adverse consequences for some patients, the atrophy of the periorbital fat may have a useful role in diseases that lead to orbital and periorbital fat hypertrophy such as thyroid eye disease. In this pilot study, the authors investigated the effects of retrobulbar bimatoprost injection on the intraocular pressure and orbital fat in a rat animal model...
March 31, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364526/expanding-role-of-orbital-decompression-in-aesthetic-surgery
#4
Mehryar Ray Taban
Background: Eye prominence is a source of cosmetic "deformity" for many patients not afflicted by Graves. Objectives: To report our experience in using customized orbital decompression for purely aesthetic reason to reduce eye prominence in non-thyroid patients. Methods: Retrospective analysis of patients undergoing cosmetic orbital decompression by one surgeon. Surgical technique included customized graded orbital bony-wall decompression (lateral-wall, basin, medial-wall, posterior-strut) and intraconal fat removal using eyelid crease and/or caruncle incisions...
April 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350676/comparison-of-the-outcomes-of-complex-orbital-fracture-repair-with-and-without-a-surgical-navigation-system-a-prospective-cohort-study-with-historical-controls
#5
Emanuele Zavattero, Guglielmo Ramieri, Fabio Roccia, Giovanni Gerbino
BACKGROUND: In severe orbital fractures, restoration of orbital shape and volume is required to avoid diplopia and posttraumatic enophthalmos. The purpose of this study was to compare outcomes between navigation-aided and conventional techniques for complex unilateral orbital fractures using titanium mesh. METHODS: The outcomes and the computed tomography-measured orbital volume of two groups of orbital complex unilateral reconstruction cases were compared. The study group consisted of a consecutive cohort of unilateral severe orbital fracture that underwent surgery with the aid of a Brainlab navigation system...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348991/myths-and-misconceptions-in-general-public-toward-ocular-complications-followed-by-the-removal-of-upper-teeth
#6
Ujwala Rohan Newadkar, Lalit Chaudhari, Yogita Khalekar
INTRODUCTION: The upper jaw forms the floor of the maxillary sinus and the upper teeth are continuous with the whole midface and cranium, therefore while treating these teeth, it is important for the practitioner to consider the possibility of ocular complications. Ocular disturbances such as blurring of vision, mydriasis, ptosis, diplopia, enophthalmos, miosis, and blindness are rare complications due to intraoral local anesthesia. So far at present, the general population is having myths and misconceptions regarding the extraction of teeth and vision loss; hence, we evaluated the same...
October 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344027/differences-in-interpalpebral-fissure-measurement-in-patients-with-unilateral-enophthalmos-resulting-from-orbital-wall-fractures
#7
Eung Suk Lee, Jung Woo Han, Hye Sun Choi, Jae Woo Jang, Sung Joo Kim, Sun Young Jang
PURPOSE: To determine the correlation between the degree of enophthalmos and interpalpebral fissure (IPF) measurements in a group of patients with unilateral orbital wall fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical charts of 45 patients diagnosed with unilateral enophthalmos resulting from an orbital wall fracture were reviewed. Demographic characteristics were investigated, including patient age, sex, medical history, and type of orbital wall fracture. The correlation between the degree of enophthalmos and IPF was determined, adjusting for confounding demographic factors...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328613/endoscopic-endonasal-repair-of-isolated-medial-orbital-wall-fracture-with-balloon-technique
#8
Kazutaka Soejima, Tsutomu Kashimura, Takashi Yamaki, Hiroyuki Sakurai, Hiroaki Nakazawa
Endonasal endoscopic repair of medial orbital wall fractures is minimally invasive and benefits the patients. The authors describe the authors' modified balloon technique, which allows longer support of the orbital wall. From October 2010 through January 2016, the author repaired 9 isolated medial wall fractures by this method. Five patients were diagnosed as having enophthalmos of greater than 2 mm, and 6 patients had persistent diplopia before the operation. The herniated orbital contents that filled the anterior ethmoidal sinus were gently reduced with a 4-mm-diameter 0° sinus endoscope...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318922/surgical-rehabilitation-for-anophthalmic-sockets-devoid-of-orbital-implant
#9
Doo-Ri Eo, Yoon-Duck Kim, Kyung In Woo
PURPOSE: To determine the necessity of rehabilitative surgical procedures for no implant anophthalmic sockets, and predictive factors of corrective operations after secondary orbital implantation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Nineteen unilateral anophthalmic patients without orbital implant were included. The distance of eyebrow, upper eyelid margin, and lower eyelid margin from the horizontal medial canthal line (BM, UM, and LM, respectively) was measured using photographs...
May 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316023/transconjunctival-versus-subciliary-approach-to-the-infraorbital-margin-for-open-reduction-of-zygomaticomaxillary-complex-fractures-a-randomized-feasibility-study
#10
Mohammad Waheed El-Anwar, Ezzeddin Elsheikh, Atef M Hussein, Adly A Tantawy, Youssef Mansour Abdelbaki
INTRODUCTION: Although some studies addressed the differences between subciliary and transconjunctival approaches, no previous prospective comparative study on displaced zygomaticomaxillary complex (ZMC) fracture that repaired by three-point internal fixation using also upper gingivolabial incision and upper eye lid incision. So, the effect of these incisions on the comparison was not investigated. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare transconjunctival and subciliary approaches for open reduction and internal rigid fixation (OR/IF) of ZMC fractures...
June 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271509/silent-sinus-syndrome-after-facial-trauma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#11
Rakhna Araslanova, Larry Allen, Brian W Rotenberg, Leigh J Sowerby
OBJECTIVE: The accepted definition of silent sinus syndrome (SSS) excludes posttraumatic cases. To challenge current exclusion criteria of antecedent facial trauma, we have identified all published cases of posttraumatic SSS in English literature, including a new representative case from our institution. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Scopus databases. REVIEW METHODS: All case reports and case series published in English literature from 1964 through August 2016 were sequentially identified...
March 8, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255287/orbital-fracture-repair
#12
REVIEW
Seanna Grob, Marc Yonkers, Jeremiah Tao
Orbital fractures are very common after facial trauma. The assessment of a patient with a suspected orbital wall injury includes a detailed oculofacial examination as well as radiologic imaging. Surgical repair with or without an implant may be indicated for diplopia, enophthalmos, or both. Cicatricial eyelid malposition is an iatrogenic complication commonly due to poor orbitotomy technique. Optimal repair involves direct exposure of the perimeter of the fractures' site through surgical planes that minimally scar the eyelids...
February 2017: Seminars in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210413/orbital-adherence-syndrome-following-the-use-of-titanium-precontoured-orbital-mesh-for-the-reconstruction-of-posttraumatic-orbital-floor-defects
#13
Geraldine Hwee Ping Lee, Samuel Yew Ming Ho
Orbital blowout fractures are a common occurrence following orbital trauma. Depending on the size of the defect and the contents that have herniated or incarcerated, possible sequelae include enophthalmos, diplopia, dystopia, and entrapment. Surgical intervention aims to prevent or alleviate this through the use of a bone graft or an alloplastic implant to reconstitute the continuity of the orbit. However, in doing so, the implant itself may result in the unexpected adherence of the periorbita, resulting in orbital adherence syndrome...
March 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210177/orbital-reconstruction-with-a-partially-absorbable-mesh-monofilament-polypropylene-fibre-and-monofilament-poliglecaprone-25-our-experience-with-34-patients
#14
Moustafa Alkhalil, J Joshi Otero
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness and complications related to the use of a partially absorbable mesh for the reconstruction of orbital floor fractures. This is a retrospective review of 34 consecutive patients who suffered orbital trauma from August 2007 to March 2013 treated with a partially absorbable mesh for orbital reconstruction. Data collected included gender, age, nationality, cause of injury, date of admission, date of surgery, date of discharge, type of fracture, signs and symptoms such as diplopia, enophthalmos, and sensory disturbance related to the infraorbital nerve, complications before and after surgery, and follow-ups at 1 week, 1 month, 6 months, and after 1 year...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195890/medial-orbital-wall-reconstruction-with-porous-polyethylene-by-using-a-transconjunctival-approach-with-a-caruncular-extension
#15
Chieh Chou, Yur-Ren Kuo, Chien-Chang Chen, Cheng-Sheng Lai, Sin-Daw Lin, Shu-Hung Huang, Su-Shin Lee
BACKGROUND: The reported rate of isolated medial orbital wall fractures varies widely but has been found to be as high as 55% of all orbital fractures. Identifying and repairing medial orbital wall defects by using appropriate materials improves patient outcome considerably; however, most related research has focused on orbital floor defect management rather than medial orbital wall treatment, and no consensus on repairing medial orbital wall fractures exists. Furthermore, medial orbital wall fracture is a main cause of posttraumatic enophthalmos...
March 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181367/periocular-breast-carcinoma-metastases-correlation-of-clinical-radiologic-and-histopathologic-features
#16
Natalie Homer, Frederick A Jakobiec, Anna Stagner, Mary Elizabeth Cunnane, Suzanne K Freitag, Aaron Fay, Michael K Yoon
IMPORTANCE: To describe presenting patterns of breast cancer metastases to the orbit and eyelids BACKGROUND: To provide clinical, radiographic, and pathologic correlations of breast metastases to the orbit or eyelids and evaluate radiographic volumetric orbital changes DESIGN: Retrospective review in an academic center PARTICIPANTS: Ten female patients with periocular metastatic breast carcinoma who were seen at the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary Oculoplastics Clinic METHODS: Retrospective review of patient records, imaging and pathology findings...
February 9, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169905/reconstruction-of-large-orbital-posterior-floor-wall-fracture-considering-orbital-floor-slope-using-endoscope
#17
Jinhwan Park, Jungah Huh, Joonsik Lee, Minwook Chang, Hwa Lee, Minsoo Park, Sehyun Baek
PURPOSE: Reconstruction of a large orbital fracture extending to the posterior wall of the maxillary sinus is difficult and challenging. In this study, the authors present transconjunctival or transcaruncular approach using endoscopy and layered porous polyethylene barrier sheets to manage large orbital floor wall fracture. METHODS: A retrospective review of all patients who underwent reconstruction of large orbital floor wall fractures between June 2009 and July 2015 was conducted...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156247/fronto-orbitozygomatic-approach-functional-and-cosmetic-outcomes-in-a-series-of-169-patients
#18
Nicola Boari, Alfio Spina, Lodoviga Giudice, Francesca Gorgoni, Michele Bailo, Pietro Mortini
OBJECTIVE Advantages of the fronto-orbitozygomatic (FOZ) approach have been reported extensively in the literature; nevertheless, restoration of normal anatomy and the esthetic impact of surgery are increasingly important issues for patients and neurosurgeons. The aim of this study was to analyze functional and cosmetic outcomes in a series of 169 patients with different pathologies who underwent surgery in which the FOZ approach was used. METHODS Between January 2000 and December 2014, 250 consecutive patients underwent surgery with an FOZ approach as the primary surgical treatment...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145940/using-the-endoscopic-transconjunctival-and-transcaruncular-approach-to-repair-combined-orbital-floor-and-medial-wall-blowout-fractures
#19
Minwook Chang, Seong Won Yang, Jin-Hwan Park, Joonsik Lee, Hwa Lee, Min Soo Park, Sehyun Baek
PURPOSE: To demonstrate the effectiveness of the endoscopic transcaruncular and transconjunctival approach in the repair of combined medial and inferior orbital wall fractures. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted on 160 patients with combined medial and inferior orbital wall fractures. All patients underwent surgery via an endoscopic transcaruncular and transconjunctival approach without lateral canthotomy, performed by a single surgeon. Porous polyethylene sheets (1...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145930/combined-endoscopic-and-trans-palpebral-orbital-reconstruction-for-silent-sinus-syndrome
#20
Riccardo Tieghi, Nicola Malagutti, Luisa Valente, Giulia Carnevali, Luigi C Clauser
Silent Sinus Syndrome is defined as a painless spontaneous and progressive enophthalmos and hypoglobus with maxillary sinus hypoplasia and orbital floor resorption. It is caused by maxillary sinus atelectasis in a setting of ipsilateral chronic maxillary sinus hypoventilation. The syndrome was first described in 1964 by Montgomery, but the term "Silent Sinus Syndrome" was not coined until 1994 by Soparkar. The aetiology is still controversial: some authors postulate a basal hypoplastic sinus, other suggest an acquired process due to an obstruction of the ostium in the medium meatus...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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