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Aslynn M Jones, Ellison Bentley, Helena Rylander
The cavernous sinus (CS) is a paired venous sinus that runs along either side of the pituitary gland on the floor of the calvarium. Cavernous sinus syndrome (CSS) refers to deficits in more than one of the cranial nerves III, IV, V, and VI, as they are in close association in this region. The purpose of this study was to identify the presenting complaints, neurologic findings, diagnosis, and outcomes in dogs and cats with confirmed cavernous sinus syndrome (CSS). Medical records between 2002 and 2015 were reviewed...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
Sirous Nekooei, Mahsa Sardabi, Mohammad Etezad Razavi, Amirhossein Nekooei, Mohammad Yaser Kiarudi
Orbital floor fractures alone or in conjunction with other facial skeletal fractures are the most commonly encountered midfacial fractures. The technological advances in 3-dimensional (3D) printing allow the physical prototyping of 3D models, so creates an accurate representation of the patient's specific anatomy. A 56-year-old Caucasian man with severe hypoglobus and enophthalmos with an extensive blowout fracture was scheduled for reconstruction. First, 3D physical models were created based on the computed tomography scan datasets from patient...
January 2018: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
Ramzi M Alameddine, Jeffrey Z Tsao, Audrey C Ko, Bradford W Lee, Don O Kikkawa, Bobby S Korn
BACKGROUND: Wide surgical access to the orbital floor and medial wall is often impaired by the course of the inferior oblique muscle. There is no current consensus on the optimal surgical approach for exposure, and techniques involving inferior oblique division are generally shunned for concern of possible complications. OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety and outcomes of inferior oblique division and reattachment for surgical access to the orbital floor and medial wall during orbital fracture repair...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Mark McRae, Haley Fm Augustine, Andrew Budning, Oleh Antonyshyn
TITLE: Functional Outcomes of Late Post- Traumatic Enophthalmos Correction BACKGROUND:: Post-traumatic enophthalmos has debilitating functional consequences resulting in restriction of ocular motility and diplopia. Surgical correction aims to restore the globe position and ultimately improve function. This study evaluates the functional outcome of post-traumatic enophthalmos repair. METHODS: Patients included in this study had post-traumatic enophthalmos and diplopia requiring enophthalmos repair...
May 19, 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Lucas Borin Moura, Pedro Henrique de Azambuja Carvalho, Marisa Aparecida Cabrini Gabrielli, Valfrido Antonio Pereira-Filho
Orbital fractures are high prevalent and result in several complications such as diplopia, muscular entrapment, visual impairment, and enophthalmos. The goal of orbital reconstruction is to restore orbital anatomy, volume, and globe symmetry. This case report aims to describe the use of transantral endoscopy and 3D printed model for treatment of an orbital floor fracture. A 54-year-old woman presented orbital floor fracture with diplopia and extraocular muscle entrapment. The surgical treatment was performed using a standard titanium mesh bended over 3D printed model, and transantral endoscopy to verify fracture extension and implant adaptation...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Jayson Azzi, Alain Joe Azzi, Sabrina Cugno
INTRODUCTION: The use of resorbable materials is becoming more popular for pediatric orbital floor reconstruction. The purpose of this systematic review is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of the various materials used in pediatric orbital floor reconstruction. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed to identify all relevant articles reporting complications following pediatric orbital floor reconstruction. The search included published articles in three electronic databases-Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PubMed starting from database establishment to July 2017...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
I A Othman, N D Hashim, A J Nazimi
The number of maxillofacial trauma (MFT) cases attended in the Emergency Department is progressively increasing in trend, owing to the rising statistics of motor-vehicle accidents (MVAs) and urban assaults in addition to occupational-related injuries. Prompt and thorough assessment is important for accurate diagnosis and paramount treatment plans. We will be discussing a case of unusual presentation of an orbital floor fracture post-MVA which was treated conservatively based on the clinical assessments during follow-ups, supported by radiological findings...
2018: Case Reports in Medicine
Yunxia Gao, Yifan Zhang, Fang Lu, Xiaoyue Wang, Ming Zhang
INTRODUCTION: Kawasaki disease is a necrotizing vasculitis featuring fever, erythema, conjunctivitis, and lymphadenopathy. Ocular manifestations in Kawasaki disease are commonly limited to anterior segment, posterior segment lesions are rarely reported. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a unique case of ocular manifestations in an 11-year-old girl with incomplete Kawasaki disease. An 11-year-old Asian girl presented with severe enophthalmos, retinitis, retinal detachment, and choroidal detachment secondary to an unexplained fever for 10 days...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Sathyadeepak Ramesh, Sasha Hubschman, Robert Goldberg
BACKGROUND: Orbital fractures are one of the most common sequelae of facial trauma. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to summarize published data for resorbable implants in orbital reconstruction, including polymer composition, degradation characteristics, osteoconductivity, and complications such as enophthalmos, diplopia, and peri-implant inflammation. A literature search of the National Library of Medicine was performed via PubMed using the keyword resorbable orbital implant...
May 30, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Z H Xu, Y J Feng, Y T Xu, K M Zhang, X Q Zhang, X H Wang, R Ye, K Y Niu
Objective: To study the efficacy of endoscopic sinus approach in the repair of medial orbital fracture with perpendicular plate of ethmoid. Method: Retrospective chart was reviewed in 10 cases receiving endoscopic approach to reconstruct the medial orbital fracture with perpendicular plate of ethmoid.We observed the improvement of the symptom such as diplopia, eye movement,and enophthalmos of the preoperative and postoperative. Result: After postoperative follow-up of 4 months to 23 months, all the patients had no graft loss or displacement, infection and other complications, and except for 1 patient with mild diplopia, other patients recovered completely, including eye movement disorder, diplopia,and enophthalmos...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Emily K Tam, Marcela Lonngi, Joseph L Demer
Purpose: To study a case of right Parry Romberg syndrome associated with contralateral oculomotor nerve palsy using high-resolution cerebral and orbital magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Observations: There were no brain MRI abnormalities. However, there was marked enophthalmos on the right with reduction of orbital fat. Extraocular muscles contracted normally in the right eye, but in the left eye, there was reduced contractility of the medial, inferior, and superior rectus muscles...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
Panagiotis Stathopoulos, Philip Ameerally
PURPOSE: This report describes the case of a serious orbital injury in which the globe was completely displaced into the nasal cavity and the orbit was clinically empty. The authors discuss the difficulties encountered in the management of this patient and their principles in the reconstruction of a complex defect. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this rare case of severe injury, the authors used a combined transconjunctival and ethmoidal approach to retrieve the displaced globe from the nasal cavity...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
M B Gushchina, D S Afanasyeva, S A Borzenok
Bone abnormalities of orbit seen in patients with trauma or radiolesion are accompanied by enophthalmos or exophthalmos. Conventional measurements of eyeball protrusion with Hertel's exophthalmometer or with computed tomography do not provide accurate and reliable data, especially in patients with asymmetry of lateral orbital rims. PURPOSE: To develop a method of computed exophthalmometry that provides accurate and reliable measurements in patients with various orbital conditions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Medical records and computerized axial tomography scans of 25 patients' orbits without false enophthalmos or exophthalmos were analyzed posthoc...
2018: Vestnik Oftalmologii
Mariana Alcantara Rodrigues de Moraes, João Pedro Rocha Biló, Max Domingues Pereira
The present study presents a new surgical approach to treat medial orbital wall fractures, that is, the combined transcutaneous access through subciliary and upper eyelid sulcus incisions. The study performed the retrospective analysis of medical records belonging to 14 consecutive patients with medial orbital wall fracture, who were treated in the Plastic Surgery Division at Federal University of São Paulo, from 2005 to 2013, through the combination of subciliary and upper eyelid sulcus incisions to access the fracture foci...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Keishi Kohyama, Yoko Morishima, Koki Arisawa, Yuko Arisawa, Hisakazu Kato
INTRODUCTION: Bone defect reconstruction in orbital wall fractures with absorbable alloplastic such as the unsintered hydroxyapatite and poly L-lactide composite (u-HA/PLLA) system is gaining popularity. The u-HA/PLLA material has osteoconductive and osteosynthetic properties. However, quantitative, long-term outcome data after the use of u-HA/PLLA for orbital wall fractures are lacking. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 115 patients who underwent surgical repair of orbital wall fractures with a u-HA/PLLA sheet from 2011 to 2016...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
Jacqueline M Jacobs, Eva L Chou, Nathan T Tagg
Silent sinus syndrome (SSS) is a rare disorder involving bony remodeling of the maxillary sinuses, including collapse of the orbital floor. It is typically unilateral and seen in the setting of chronic maxillary sinusitis. Patients present with enophthalmos and hypoglobus occasionally accompanied by diplopia. The condition is generally diagnosed with CT imaging and treated surgically. While SSS is most often reported as very slowly progressive, we report a patient with evidence of significant remodeling of the maxillary sinus over a period of 5...
May 9, 2018: Orbit
Jean-Thomas Bachelet, Guillaume Cordier, Matthieu Porcheray, Jerome Bourlet, Arnaud Gleizal, Jean-Marc Foletti
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the orbital patient-specific implant (PSI) directly printed in porous titanium for the reconstruction of complex orbital bone defects in a series of 12 patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The authors designed and implemented a case series. The sample consisted of patients with unilateral complex orbital bone loss. All patients received a porous titanium PSI designed from the healthy contralateral side (mirroring). The criteria analyzed were the functional results: correction of enophthalmos, correction of ocular motility, operative time, complications, and operative revisions...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
David S Lee, Andrew H Murr, Robert C Kersten, Steven D Pletcher
Silent sinus syndrome (SSS) is a rare disease characterized by spontaneous enophthalmos and hypoglobus secondary to collapse of the orbital floor in patients with asymptomatic maxillary sinusitis. Radiographic findings include ipsilateral maxillary sinus opacification, lateralization of the uncinate and middle turbinate, and infundibular occlusion. We present a case series of three patients with clinical and radiographic evidence of SSS but without maxillary sinus opacification. Although uncommon, an aerated maxillary sinus in patients with unexplained enophthalmos, hypoglobus, and maxillary atelectasis should not exclude the diagnosis of SSS...
May 4, 2018: Laryngoscope
Obaid Chaudhry, Matthew Isakson, Adam Franklin, Suhair Maqusi, Christian El Amm
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After studying this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Describe the A-frame configuration of anterior facial buttresses, recognize the importance of restoring anterior projection in frontal sinus fractures, and describe an alternative design and donor site of pericranial flaps in frontal sinus fractures. 2. Describe the symptoms and cause of pseudo-Brown syndrome, describe the anatomy and placement of a buttress-spanning plate in nasoorbitoethmoid fractures, and identify appropriate nasal support alternatives for nasoorbitoethmoid fractures...
May 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Youn Joo Choi, Tae Wan Kim, Suzy Kim, Hokyung Choung, Min Joung Lee, Namju Kim, Sang In Khwarg, Young Suk Yu
BACKGROUND: To present our experience on orbital and periorbital tissue changes after proton beam radiation therapy (PBRT) in patients with intraocular tumors, apart from treatment outcomes and disease control. METHODS: Medical records of 6 patients with intraocular tumors who had been treated with PBRT and referred to oculoplasty clinics of two medical centers (Seoul National University Hospital and Seoul Metropolitan Government-Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center) from October 2007 to September 2014 were retrospectively reviewed...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
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