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Hand Grip Dynamometer Testing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822895/reduction-in-cylindrical-grasp-strength-is-associated-with-early-thumb-carpometacarpal-osteoarthritis
#1
Monica J Coughlan, Alexandra Bourdillon, Joseph J Crisco, Deborah Kenney, Arnold-Peter Weiss, Amy L Ladd
BACKGROUND: Advanced thumb carpometacarpal (CMC) osteoarthritis (OA) can cause substantial impairment in hand function, from grasping heavy objects to fine manipulation of implements and tools. In the clinical setting, we commonly measure the grip strength of gross grasp with a hand dynamometer in patients with CMC OA. Cylindrical grasp, which requires more thumb contribution than gross grasp, is an alternative method of measuring grip strength and one that may provide insight into thumb-related conditions...
November 7, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815111/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-spanish-language-version-of-the-sarc-f-to-assess-sarcopenia-in-mexican-community-dwelling-older-adults
#2
Lorena Parra-Rodríguez, Claudia Szlejf, Ana Isabel García-González, Theodore K Malmstrom, Esteban Cruz-Arenas, Oscar Rosas-Carrasco
OBJECTIVES: To cross-culturally adapt and validate the Spanish-language version of the SARC-F in Mexican community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of a prospective cohort. SETTING: The FraDySMex study, a 2-round evaluation of community-dwelling adults from 2 municipalities in Mexico City. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 487 men and women older than 60 years, living in the designated area in Mexico City...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796190/postoperative-physical-therapy-management-of-tendon-transfer-for-digital-wrist-extension-due-to-multifocal-motor-neuropathy
#3
Steve Volpe
Study Design Case report. Background Multifocal motor neuropathy is a progressive motor nerve disorder characterized by muscle weakness in the extremities. Muscle imbalance and weakness can become so severe that the involved extremity can be rendered nonfunctional. The purpose of this case report is to describe the physical therapy postoperative management of a patient who underwent a multiple tendon transfer to correct the loss of digital/wrist extension of the right upper extremity. Case Description A 38-year-old woman with a medical diagnosis of multifocal motor neuropathy, which caused muscle imbalance and weakness in the right hand, underwent a multiple tendon transfer to correct the loss of digit and wrist extension...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699081/fear-of-falling-correlates-with-subtle-neuromuscular-balance-and-strength-deficits-of-fragility-fracture-patients
#4
Corinne E Wee, Tyler D Ames, Khoi M Le, Tiffany Wang, Laura S Phieffer, Carmen E Quatman
Fragility fractures, or fractures occurring from a low-trauma event, are extremely prevalent among the elderly population worldwide and associated with significant mortality and morbidity. This study evaluated the relationship between FES-I Fear of Falling Survey results, self-reported activity restrictions via the SF-36 survey, and scores recorded by portable, inexpensive clinical assessment tools (CATs) during dynamic functional tasks. Low scores during these tasks may indicate functional deficits that put patients at risk for falls and subsequent fragility fractures...
October 2016: Aging and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630445/does-kinematics-add-meaningful-information-to-clinical-assessment-in-post-stroke-upper-limb-rehabilitation-a-case-report
#5
Matteo Bigoni, Silvia Baudo, Veronica Cimolin, Nicola Cau, Manuela Galli, Lucia Pianta, Elena Tacchini, Paolo Capodaglio, Alessandro Mauro
[Purpose] The aims of this case study were to: (a) quantify the impairment and activity restriction of the upper limb in a hemiparetic patient; (b) quantitatively evaluate rehabilitation program effectiveness; and (c) discuss whether more clinically meaningful information can be gained with the use of kinematic analysis in addition to clinical assessment. The rehabilitation program consisted of the combined use of different traditional physiotherapy techniques, occupational therapy sessions, and the so-called task-oriented approach...
August 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577988/predicting-hand-function-in-older-adults-evaluations-of-grip-strength-arm-curl-strength-and-manual-dexterity
#6
Chiung-Ju Liu, Deana Marie, Aaron Fredrick, Jessica Bertram, Kristen Utley, Elaine Ewing Fess
BACKGROUND: Hand function is critical for independence in activities of daily living for older adults. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to examine how grip strength, arm curl strength, and manual dexterous coordination contributed to time-based versus self-report assessment of hand function in community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: Adults aged ≥60 years without low vision or neurological disorders were recruited. Purdue Pegboard Test, Jamar hand dynamometer, 30-second arm curl test, Jebsen-Taylor Hand Function Test, and the Late-Life Function and Disability Instrument were administered to assess manual dexterous coordination, grip strength, arm curl strength, time-based hand function, and self-report of hand function, respectively...
August 30, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552583/normal-gait-speed-grip-strength-and-thirty-seconds-chair-stand-test-among-older-indians
#7
Venugopalan Gunasekaran, Joyita Banerjee, Sada Nand Dwivedi, Ashish Datt Upadhyay, Prashun Chatterjee, Aparajit Ballav Dey
INTRODUCTION: Gait speed, maximum grip strength and thirty seconds chair stand test are quick, reliable measures of functional capacity in older adults. The objective of this study was to develop normative data of the said parameters, which is lacking in older Indians. METHODOLOGY: In a cross sectional study, 723 participants of ≥60 years without any morbidity, were recruited with written consent at Geriatric Medicine clinic of All India Institute of Medical sciences, New Delhi...
November 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27418890/reliability-of-the-handgrip-strength-test-in-elderly-subjects-with-parkinson-disease
#8
Jorge H Villafañe, Kristin Valdes, Riccardo Buraschi, Marco Martinelli, Luciano Bissolotti, Stefano Negrini
BACKGROUND: The handgrip strength test is widely used by clinicians; however, little has been investigated about its reliability when used in subjects with Parkinson disease (PD). The purpose of this study was to investigate the test-retest reliability of the handgrip strength test for subjects with PD. METHODS: The PD group consisted of 15 patients, and the control group consisted of 15 healthy subjects. Each patient performed 3 pain-free maximal isometric contractions on each hand on 2 occasions, 1 week apart...
March 2016: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27330513/the-immediate-effects-of-manual-massage-of-forearm-on-power-grip-strength-and-endurance-in-healthy-young-men
#9
Ali Molouki, Seyed Majid Hosseini, Mohammedmohsen Rustaee, Seyed Mehdi Tabatabaee
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the immediate effects of a single massage session on hand grip strength and endurance after isometric exercise in healthy young men under controlled conditions. METHODS: A total of 44 healthy young men from a university population participated in the study. They were randomized to receive either massage or passive movement intervention. Hand grip endurance and hand grip strength in both groups were recorded using a Jamar hand grip dynamometer and a digital chronometer before and after the intervention...
June 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27255806/interobserver-reliability-of-peripheral-muscle-strength-tests-and-short-physical-performance-battery-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-prospective-observational-study
#10
Francesc Medina-Mirapeix, Roberto Bernabeu-Mora, Eduardo Llamazares-Herrán, Ma Piedad Sánchez-Martínez, José Antonio García-Vidal, Pilar Escolar-Reina
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the interobserver reliability of the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) and of hand dynamometry when measuring isometric muscle strength for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). DESIGN: Reliability study. Each patient was assessed by a pulmonology physician and a physical therapist in two separate sessions 7-14 days apart (mean=9.8; SD=0.8). Each rater was blinded to the other's results. SETTING: Pneumology unit of a public hospital...
May 30, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27218258/effect-of-acute-effort-on-isometric-strength-and-body-balance-trained-vs-untrained-paradigm
#11
Stanisław Sterkowicz, Janusz Jaworski, Grzegorz Lech, Tomasz Pałka, Katarzyna Sterkowicz-Przybycień, Przemysław Bujas, Paweł Pięta, Zenon Mościński
Years of training in competitive sports leads to human body adaptation to a specific type of exercise. In judo bouts, maintaining hand grip on an opponent's clothes and postural balance is essential for the effective technical and tactical actions. This study compares changes after maximal anaerobic exercise among judo athletes and untrained subjects regarding 1) maximum isometric handgrip strength (HGSmax) and accuracy at the perceived 50% maximum handgrip force (1/2HGSmax) and 2) the balance of 13 judo athletes at national (n = 8) and international (n = 5) competitive levels and 19 untrained university students...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27043048/self-efficacy-disability-level-and-physical-strength-in-the-injured-workers-findings-from-a-major-factory-disaster-in-bangladesh
#12
Gabriela Villanueva, Taylor Fitch, Mohammad Morshedul Quadir, Hari Krishna Raju Sagiraju, Hasanat Alamgir
INTRODUCTION: In 24 April 2013, Rana Plaza - a high-rise building in Bangladesh where garments were being made for the Western markets collapsed. In this study, we report on the surviving workers' physical strength, self-efficacy, and disability level one year after the disaster. METHODS: This cross-sectional study took place at the Centre for the Rehabilitation of the Paralysed (CRP) which provided care for more than 600 victims. For this study, upper extremity strength among the survivors was assessed by dynamometer hand grip (HG) and lower extremity strength by five time sit to stand test (FTSST)...
April 4, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27022523/effect-of-using-wrist-orthoses-on-forearm-flexor-and-extensor-muscle-activation
#13
Adriana Maria Valladão Novais Van Petten, Antônio Ferreira Ávila
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of using wrist immobilization orthoses made from different materials, on activation of the flexor and extensor musculature of the forearm while performing specific tasks. METHODS: Twenty-six adults, with an average age of 26.2 years, underwent the Jebsen-Taylor functional hand test and the grip strength test (Jamar(®) dynamometer) under three conditions: free hand, wearing a composite orthosis and wearing a thermoplastic orthosis...
January 2010: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26842966/isometric-hand-grip-strength-measured-by-the-nintendo-wii-balance-board-a-reliable-new-method
#14
A W Blomkvist, S Andersen, E D de Bruin, M G Jorgensen
BACKGROUND: Low hand grip strength is a strong predictor for both long-term and short-term disability and mortality. The Nintendo Wii Balance Board (WBB) is an inexpensive, portable, wide-spread instrument with the potential for multiple purposes in assessing clinically relevant measures including muscle strength. The purpose of the study was to explore intrarater reliability and concurrent validity of the WBB by comparing it to the Jamar hand dynamometer. METHOD: Intra-rater test-retest cohort design with randomized validity testing on the first session...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26834881/hand-grip-strength-vs-sprint-effectiveness-in-amputee-soccer-players
#15
Marta Wieczorek, Wojciech Wiliński, Artur Struzik, Andrzej Rokita
Amputee soccer is one of the types of soccer designed for the disabled, especially those who have undergone amputations, as well as those with extremity dysfunction. The objective of the study was to find the relationship between hand grip strength and sprint time in amputee soccer players. Thirteen field amputee soccer players participated in the study. A SAEHAN hydraulic hand dynamometer manufactured by Jamar was used for hand grip strength measurements. The sprint running test was conducted over a distance of 30 m...
November 22, 2015: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26768064/normative-data-for-hand-grip-strength-and-key-pinch-strength-stratified-by-age-and-gender-for-a-multi-ethnic-asian-population
#16
Ngee Wei Lam, Hui Ting Goh, Shahrul Bahyah Kamaruzzaman, Ai-Vyrn Chin, Philip Jun Hua Poi, Maw Pin Tan
INTRODUCTION: Hand strength is a good indicator of physical fitness and frailty among the elderly. However, there are no published hand strength references for Malaysians aged > 65 years. This study aimed to establish normative data for hand grip strength (HGS) and key pinch strength (KPS) for Malaysians aged ≥ 60 years, and to explore the relationship between hand strength and physical ability. METHODS: Healthy participants aged ≥ 60 years with no neurological conditions were recruited from rural and urban locations in Malaysia...
November 13, 2015: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26728389/fatigue-and-physical-function-after-hysterectomy-measured-by-sf-36-ergometer-and-dynamometer
#17
Finn F Lauszus, Ervin Kallfa, Mogens R Madsen
PURPOSE: Information is limited on the early postoperative rehabilitation following hysterectomy. Our purpose was to evaluate the different perioperative modalities of fatigue, pain, quality of life, and physical performance and their time-related. METHODS: A prospective, follow-up study of a cohort of women undergoing abdominal and vaginal hysterectomy at the Gynecology Department at Herning Hospital, Denmark. Data from 108 women with elective hysterectomy were compared pre- and postoperatively...
July 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26682606/controlling-absolute-frequency-of-feedback-in-a-self-controlled-situation-enhances-motor-learning
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Min-Jen Tsai, Hank Jwo
The guidance hypothesis suggested that excessive extrinsic feedback facilitates motor performance but blocks the processing of intrinsic information. The present study tested the tenet of guidance hypothesis in self-controlled feedback by controlling the feedback frequency. The motor learning effect of limiting absolute feedback frequency was examined. Thirty-six participants (25 men, 11 women; M age=25.1 yr., SD=2.2) practiced a hand-grip force control task on a dynamometer by the non-dominant hand with varying amounts of feedback...
December 2015: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26647752/assessment-of-grip-strength-with-the-modified-sphygmomanometer-test-association-between-upper-limb-global-strength-and-motor-function
#19
Júlia C Martins, Larissa T Aguiar, Eliza M Lara, Luci F Teixeira-Salmela, Christina D C M Faria
BACKGROUND: Grip strength, commonly evaluated with the handgrip dynamometer, is a good indicator of upper limb (UL) function in stroke subjects and may reflect the global strength deficits of the whole paretic UL. The Modified Sphygmomanometer Test (MST) also provides objective and adequate measures at low-cost. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether grip strength values obtained by using the MST and those obtained by using a handgrip dynamometer would present similar correlations with the global strength and motor function of the paretic UL in subjects with stroke, both in the subacute and chronic phases...
November 2015: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26562373/effects-of-hyperthyroidism-on-hand-grip-strength-and-function
#20
Esra Erkol İnal, Alparslan Bayram Çarlı, Sultan Çanak, Oğuzhan Aksu, Banu Kale Köroğlu, Serpil Savaş
Hyperthyroidism is a pathologic condition in which the body is exposed to excessive amounts of circulating thyroid hormones. Skeletal muscle is one of the major target organs of thyroid hormones. We evaluated hand grip strength and function in patients with overt hyperthyroidism. Fifty-one patients newly diagnosed with hyperthyroidism and 44 healthy controls participated in this study. Age, height, weight, and dominant hand of all participants were recorded. The diagnosis of hyperthyroidism was confirmed by clinical examination and laboratory tests...
2015: Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development
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