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Hand Grip Dynamometer Testing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400666/limited-incision-carpal-tunnel-release
#1
Sunil Gaba, Sandeep Bhogesha, Onkar Singh
BACKGROUND: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common peripheral entrapment neuropathy. Limited incision techniques for carpal tunnel release are gaining popularity. The main advantages of these techniques are less scar load, less pillar pain, shorter recovery, and return-to-work time. However, the completeness of release, and risk of neurovascular injury are always a concern. We devised a method of limited incision release with two mini-incisions and use of nasal speculum and a probe...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366013/do-impairments-predict-hand-dexterity-after-distal-radius-fractures-a-6-month-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Pavlos Bobos, Emily A Lalone, Ruby Grewal, Joy C MacDermid
BACKGROUND: The relationship of routinely measured grip and motion measures may be related to hand dexterity. This has not yet been thoroughly examined following a distal radius fracture (DRF). The purpose of this study was to investigate if impairments in range of motion (ROM) and grip strength predict hand dexterity 6 months following a DRF. METHODS: Patients with DRFs were recruited from a specialized hand clinic. Hand grip was assessed with a J-Tech dynamometer; ROM was measured using standard landmarks and a manual goniometer...
March 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343852/hand-grip-strength-and-dexterity-function-in-children-aged-6-12-years-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Mohammed T A Omar, Ahmad H Alghadir, Hamayun Zafar, Shaheerah Al Baker
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional and clinical measurement. INTRODUCTION: Assessment of hand function considers an essential part in clinical practice. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To develop normative values of hand grip strength and dexterity function for 6-12-year-old children in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: Grip strength and dexterity function was measured in 525 children using Grip Track hand dynamometer (JTECH Medical, Midvale, UT, USA) and 9-hole pegboard test respectively...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325824/persistence-of-myopathy-in-cushing-s-syndrome-evaluation-of-the-german-cushing-s-registry
#4
Christina Maria Berr, Mareike R Stieg, Timo Deutschbein, Marcus Quinkler, Ralf Schmidmaier, Andrea Osswald, Nicole Reisch, Katrin Ritzel, Christina Dimopoulou, Julia Fazel, Stefanie Hahner, Gunter K Stalla, Felix Beuschlein, Martin Reincke
BACKGROUND: Cushing's syndrome (CS) is characterized by an excessive secretion of glucocorticoids that results in a characteristic clinical phenotype. One feature of clinical hypercortisolism is breakdown of protein metabolism translating into clinical consequences including glucocorticoid induced myopathy. While surgery is effective in control of cortisol excess, the effect of biochemical remission on muscular function is yet unclear. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study we analyzed 47 patients with CS during the florid phase (ActiveCS)...
March 21, 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325433/reliability-of-the-grip-strength-coefficient-of-variation-for-detecting-sincerity-in-normal-and-blocked-median-nerve-in-healthy-adults
#5
N J Wachter, M Mentzel, R Hütz, J Gülke
In the assessment of hand and upper limb function, detecting sincerity of effort (SOE) for grip strength is of major importance to identifying feigned loss of strength. Measuring maximal grip strength with a dynamometer is very common, often combined with calculating the coefficient of variation (CV), a measure of the variation over the three grip strength trials. Little data is available about the relevance of these measurements in patients with median nerve impairment due to the heterogeneity of patient groups...
April 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291438/isokinetic-evaluation-of-wrist-muscle-strength-in-patients-of-carpal-tunnel-syndrome
#6
Mehmet Ağırman, Adnan Kara, Oğuz Durmuş, İlknur Saral, Engin Çakar
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the isokinetic characteristics of wrist strength in flexion, extension, supination, pronation, radial, and ulnar deviation in patients with moderate or severe carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirteen patients (23 hands) (2 males, 11 females; mean age 45 years; range 29 to 60 years) with moderate or severe CTS were compared to six healthy control subjects (12 hands) (2 males, 4 females; mean age 41 years; range 27 to 63 years) in this study, which was conducted between January 2016 and April 2016...
April 2017: Eklem Hastalıkları Ve Cerrahisi, Joint Diseases & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254736/workability-and-muscle-strength-in-patients-with-seropositive-rheumatoid-arthritis-survey-study-protocol
#7
Carolin Berner, Ludwig Erlacher, Michael Quittan, Karl Heinrich Fenzl, Thomas Ernst Dorner
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and other rheumatic conditions not only fundamentally affect patients' quality of life and physiological needs but are also negatively associated with work ability. The costs of poor work ability, which, in sum, are more than treatment costs, pose an economic burden to society and patients. Work ability in RA appears to be multifactorial; symptoms such as pain, swelling, and stiffness play a major role, as these directly affect functional disability...
March 2, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196435/dynamic-assessment-of-the-wrist-after-total-wrist-arthroplasty
#8
H P Singh, D Bhattacharjee, J J Dias, I Trail
Our aim was to assess the outcome in patients with total wrist arthroplasty performed for end stage wrist osteoarthritis. We analysed the ranges of motion of operated and un-operated wrists using a flexible electrogoniometer during the Sollerman hand function test. We assessed grip strength with a digital dynamometer and completed patient reported outcome scores more than one year post-operatively. We reviewed 12 patients with a mean age of 64 (range 48-82) years. The flexion-extension arc was 72% and radioulnar deviation arc was 53% of the un-operated side but the total range of motion (area of circumduction) was 43% of the un-operated side and only 20% of the circumduction in age and gender-matched normal volunteers...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149429/physiological-nutritional-and-performance-profiles-of-brazilian-jiu-jitsu-athletes
#9
Leonardo V Andreato, Jonatas Fs Santos, João Vdc Esteves, Valeria Lg Panissa, Ursula F Julio, Emerson Franchini
This study analysed the physiological, nutritional and performance profiles of athletes practicing Brazilian jiu-jitsu. To this end, 15 athletes that practiced Brazilian jiu-jitsu (aged: 28 ± 5 years; 8 brown belts and 7 black belts; training experience: 11 ± 4 years) underwent anthropometric measurements (body composition and somatotype), dietary evaluation (24 h recall) and physical fitness tests (movement time, dynamometer handgrip, kimono grip strength, vertical jump and sit-and-reach tests). The athletes had 12...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139280/association-between-serum-uric-acid-concentrations-and-grip-strength-is-there-effect-modification-by-age
#10
Esther García-Esquinas, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo
BACKGROUND: Given that some of the deleterious effects of uric acid (UA) on health are greater in younger than in older subjects, and that age is strongly associated with skeletal muscle composition and function, this study tested the hypothesis that the association between UA and muscle strength differs by age. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis with 3595 individuals who participated in NHANES 2011-2012. Serum uric acid was determined by the uricase-peroxidase technique...
January 17, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059664/navigated-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-for-glioma-removal-prognostic-value-in-motor-function-recovery-from-postsurgical-neurological-deficits
#11
Tomokazu Takakura, Yoshihiro Muragaki, Manabu Tamura, Takashi Maruyama, Masayuki Nitta, Chiharu Niki, Takakazu Kawamata
OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to evaluate the usefulness of navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (nTMS) as a prognostic predictor for upper-extremity motor functional recovery from postsurgical neurological deficits. METHODS Preoperative and postoperative nTMS studies were prospectively applied in 14 patients (mean age 39 ± 12 years) who had intraparenchymal brain neoplasms located within or adjacent to the motor eloquent area in the cerebral hemisphere. Mapping by nTMS was done 3 times, i...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979334/quantification-of-weakness-caused-by-distal-median-nerve-lesion-by-dynamometry
#12
Nikolaus Johannes Wachter, Martin Mentzel, Raphaela Hütz, Gert D Krischak, Joachim Gülke
INTRODUCTION: In the assessment of hand and upper limb function, grip strength is of major importance. Use of the JAMAR dynamometer has been an accepted test of grip strength and routinely part of the physical examination. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to determine by means of a median nerve block simulating a patient group if the measurement of different types of grip force can improve the quantification of impairment of the hand beyond the sole power grip measurements...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27967276/the-impact-of-an-assistive-pole-seat-configuration-and-strength-in-paralympic-seated-throwing
#13
Alysha Hyde, Luke Hogarth, Mark Sayers, Emma Beckman, Mark J Connick, Sean Tweedy, Brendan Burkett
PURPOSE: This study quantified the influence of (i) the assistive pole, (ii) seat configuration, and (iii) upper-body and trunk strength, on seated throwing performance in athletes with a spinal cord injury. METHODS: Ten Paralympic athletes competing in wheelchair rugby, wheelchair basketball or athletics (seated throws) participated in two randomised sessions; seated throwing and strength tests. Participants threw a club from a custom-built throwing chair, with and without a pole...
December 14, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822895/reduction-in-cylindrical-grasp-strength-is-associated-with-early-thumb-carpometacarpal-osteoarthritis
#14
Monica J Coughlan, Alexandra Bourdillon, Joseph J Crisco, Deborah Kenney, Arnold-Peter Weiss, Amy L Ladd
BACKGROUND: Advanced thumb carpometacarpal (CMC) osteoarthritis (OA) can cause substantial impairment in hand function, from grasping heavy objects to fine manipulation of implements and tools. In the clinical setting, we commonly measure the grip strength of gross grasp with a hand dynamometer in patients with CMC OA. Cylindrical grasp, which requires more thumb contribution than gross grasp, is an alternative method of measuring grip strength and one that may provide insight into thumb-related conditions...
February 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815111/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-spanish-language-version-of-the-sarc-f-to-assess-sarcopenia-in-mexican-community-dwelling-older-adults
#15
Lorena Parra-Rodríguez, Claudia Szlejf, Ana Isabel García-González, Theodore K Malmstrom, Esteban Cruz-Arenas, Oscar Rosas-Carrasco
OBJECTIVES: To cross-culturally adapt and validate the Spanish-language version of the SARC-F in Mexican community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of a prospective cohort. SETTING: The FraDySMex study, a 2-round evaluation of community-dwelling adults from 2 municipalities in Mexico City. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 487 men and women older than 60 years, living in the designated area in Mexico City...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796190/postoperative-physical-therapy-management-of-tendon-transfer-for-digital-wrist-extension-due-to-multifocal-motor-neuropathy
#16
Steve Volpe
Study Design Case report. Background Multifocal motor neuropathy is a progressive motor nerve disorder characterized by muscle weakness in the extremities. Muscle imbalance and weakness can become so severe that the involved extremity can be rendered nonfunctional. The purpose of this case report is to describe the physical therapy postoperative management of a patient who underwent a multiple tendon transfer to correct the loss of digital/wrist extension of the right upper extremity. Case Description A 38-year-old woman with a medical diagnosis of multifocal motor neuropathy, which caused muscle imbalance and weakness in the right hand, underwent a multiple tendon transfer to correct the loss of digit and wrist extension...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699081/fear-of-falling-correlates-with-subtle-neuromuscular-balance-and-strength-deficits-of-fragility-fracture-patients
#17
Corinne E Wee, Tyler D Ames, Khoi M Le, Tiffany Wang, Laura S Phieffer, Carmen E Quatman
Fragility fractures, or fractures occurring from a low-trauma event, are extremely prevalent among the elderly population worldwide and associated with significant mortality and morbidity. This study evaluated the relationship between FES-I Fear of Falling Survey results, self-reported activity restrictions via the SF-36 survey, and scores recorded by portable, inexpensive clinical assessment tools (CATs) during dynamic functional tasks. Low scores during these tasks may indicate functional deficits that put patients at risk for falls and subsequent fragility fractures...
October 2016: Aging and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630445/does-kinematics-add-meaningful-information-to-clinical-assessment-in-post-stroke-upper-limb-rehabilitation-a-case-report
#18
Matteo Bigoni, Silvia Baudo, Veronica Cimolin, Nicola Cau, Manuela Galli, Lucia Pianta, Elena Tacchini, Paolo Capodaglio, Alessandro Mauro
[Purpose] The aims of this case study were to: (a) quantify the impairment and activity restriction of the upper limb in a hemiparetic patient; (b) quantitatively evaluate rehabilitation program effectiveness; and (c) discuss whether more clinically meaningful information can be gained with the use of kinematic analysis in addition to clinical assessment. The rehabilitation program consisted of the combined use of different traditional physiotherapy techniques, occupational therapy sessions, and the so-called task-oriented approach...
August 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577988/predicting-hand-function-in-older-adults-evaluations-of-grip-strength-arm-curl-strength-and-manual-dexterity
#19
Chiung-Ju Liu, Deana Marie, Aaron Fredrick, Jessica Bertram, Kristen Utley, Elaine Ewing Fess
BACKGROUND: Hand function is critical for independence in activities of daily living for older adults. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to examine how grip strength, arm curl strength, and manual dexterous coordination contributed to time-based versus self-report assessment of hand function in community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: Adults aged ≥60 years without low vision or neurological disorders were recruited. Purdue Pegboard Test, Jamar hand dynamometer, 30-second arm curl test, Jebsen-Taylor Hand Function Test, and the Late-Life Function and Disability Instrument were administered to assess manual dexterous coordination, grip strength, arm curl strength, time-based hand function, and self-report of hand function, respectively...
August 30, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552583/normal-gait-speed-grip-strength-and-thirty-seconds-chair-stand-test-among-older-indians
#20
Venugopalan Gunasekaran, Joyita Banerjee, Sada Nand Dwivedi, Ashish Datt Upadhyay, Prashun Chatterjee, Aparajit Ballav Dey
INTRODUCTION: Gait speed, maximum grip strength and thirty seconds chair stand test are quick, reliable measures of functional capacity in older adults. The objective of this study was to develop normative data of the said parameters, which is lacking in older Indians. METHODOLOGY: In a cross sectional study, 723 participants of ≥60 years without any morbidity, were recruited with written consent at Geriatric Medicine clinic of All India Institute of Medical sciences, New Delhi...
November 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
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