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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326975/identifying-the-substrate-proteins-of-u-box-e3s-e4b-and-chip-by-orthogonal-ubiquitin-transfer
#1
Karan Bhuripanyo, Yiyang Wang, Xianpeng Liu, Li Zhou, Ruochuan Liu, Duc Duong, Bo Zhao, Yingtao Bi, Han Zhou, Geng Chen, Nicholas T Seyfried, Walter J Chazin, Hiroaki Kiyokawa, Jun Yin
E3 ubiquitin (UB) ligases E4B and carboxyl terminus of Hsc70-interacting protein (CHIP) use a common U-box motif to transfer UB from E1 and E2 enzymes to their substrate proteins and regulate diverse cellular processes. To profile their ubiquitination targets in the cell, we used phage display to engineer E2-E4B and E2-CHIP pairs that were free of cross-reactivity with the native UB transfer cascades. We then used the engineered E2-E3 pairs to construct "orthogonal UB transfer (OUT)" cascades so that a mutant UB (xUB) could be exclusively used by the engineered E4B or CHIP to label their substrate proteins...
January 2018: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208765/protein-arginine-methyltransferase-expression-and-activity-during-myogenesis
#2
Nicole Y Shen, Sean Y Ng, Stephen L Toepp, Vladimir Ljubicic
Despite the emerging importance of protein arginine methyltransferases (PRMTs) in regulating skeletal muscle plasticity, PRMT biology during muscle development is complex and not completely understood. Therefore, our purpose was to investigate PRMT1, -4, and -5 expression and function in skeletal muscle cells during the phenotypic remodeling elicited by myogenesis. C2C12 muscle cell maturation, assessed during the myoblast stage, and during days 1, 3, 5, and 7 of differentiation, was employed as an in vitro model of myogenesis...
December 5, 2017: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193371/differential-interaction-of-prmt1-with-rgg-boxes-of-the-fet-family-proteins-ews-and-taf15
#3
Kim K C Li, Bess L Chau, Kevin A W Lee
The FET sub-family (FUS/TLS, EWS, TAF15) of RNA-binding proteins have remarkably similar overall structure but diverse biological and pathological roles. The molecular basis for FET protein specialisation is largely unknown. Gly-Arg-Rich regions (RGG-boxes) within FET proteins are targets for methylation by Protein-Arginine-Methyl-Transferase-1 (PRMT1) and substrate capture is thought to involve electrostatic attraction between positively charged polyRGG substrates and negatively charged surface channels of PRMT1...
November 30, 2017: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186683/trim48-promotes-ask1-activation-and-cell-death-through-ubiquitination-dependent-degradation-of-the-ask1-negative-regulator-prmt1
#4
Yusuke Hirata, Kazumi Katagiri, Keita Nagaoka, Tohru Morishita, Yuki Kudoh, Tomohisa Hatta, Isao Naguro, Kuniyuki Kano, Tsuyoshi Udagawa, Tohru Natsume, Junken Aoki, Toshifumi Inada, Takuya Noguchi, Hidenori Ichijo, Atsushi Matsuzawa
Apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1) is an oxidative stress-responsive kinase that is regulated by various interacting molecules and post-translational modifications. However, how these molecules and modifications cooperatively regulate ASK1 activity remains largely unknown. Here, we showed that tripartite motif 48 (TRIM48) orchestrates the regulation of oxidative stress-induced ASK1 activation. A pull-down screen identified a TRIM48-interacting partner, protein arginine methyltransferase 1 (PRMT1), which negatively regulates ASK1 activation by enhancing its interaction with thioredoxin (Trx), another ASK1-negative regulator...
November 28, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183786/characterisation-of-protein-methyltransferases-rkm1-rkm4-efm4-efm7-set5-and-hmt1-reveals-extensive-post-translational-modification
#5
Daniel L Winter, Gene Hart-Smith, Marc R Wilkins
Protein methylation is one of the major post-translational modifications (PTMs) in the cell. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, over twenty protein methyltransferases (MTases) and their respective substrates have been identified. However, the way in which these MTases are modified, and potentially subject to regulation, remains poorly understood. Here, we investigated six overexpressed S. cerevisiae protein MTases (Rkm1, Rkm4, Efm4, Efm7, Set5 and Hmt1) to identify PTMs of potential functional relevance. We identified 48 PTM sites across the six MTases, including phosphorylation, acetylation and methylation...
November 25, 2017: Journal of Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129692/prmt1-mediates-podocyte-injury-and-glomerular-fibrosis-through-phosphorylation-of-erk-pathway
#6
Yu Zhu
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is characterized by a change of glomerular structure and dysfunction of filtration barrier, which significantly accompanied by podocytes apoptosis and glomerular fibrosis. Angiotensin Ⅱ(Ang Ⅱ) induced activation of ERK1/2 signaling plays important roles in causing apoptosis of podocytes in DN kidneys. Previous studies have shown that PRMT1 have a pro-inflammatory function through activating ERK1/2 signaling pathway during development of chronic pulmonary disease, however, its role in DN development has not been investigated...
November 10, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128891/prmt1-promotes-hyperglycemia-in-a-foxo1-dependent-manner-affecting-glucose-metabolism-during-hypobaric-hypoxia-exposure-in-rat-model
#7
Susovon Bayen, Supriya Saini, Priya Gaur, Arul Joseph Duraisamy, Alpesh Kumar Sharma, Karan Pal, Praveen Vats, Shashi Bala Singh
PURPOSE: High-altitude (HA) environment causes changes in cellular metabolism among unacclimatized humans. Previous studies have revealed that insulin-dependent activation of protein kinase B (Akt) regulates metabolic processes via discrete transcriptional effectors. Moreover, protein arginine methyltransferase (PRMT)1-dependent arginine modification of forkhead box other (FoxO)1 protein interferes with Akt-dependent phosphorylation. The present study was undertaken to test the involvement of PRMT1 on FoxO1 activation during hypobaric hypoxia (HH) exposure in rat model...
November 11, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119338/elevated-levels-of-adma-are-associated-with-lower-ddah2-and-higher-prmt1-in-lps-induced-endometritis-rats
#8
Hong-Bo Xiao, Guo-Guang Sui, Xiang-Yang Lu, Zhi-Liang Sun
Chronic endometritis is a continuous inflammation of uterine endometrium. Recent research has shown that higher asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) levels contribute to endothelial dysfunction. In the present study, we tested whether there is a correlation between endometritis and ADMA in LPS-induced endometritis rat and the mechanisms involved. Thirty-six rats were divided into two groups: blank control group and rat model of endometritis group. The entire infused uterus were removed to observe the changes of histopathology, production of myeloperoxidase (MPO), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-6, 8-isoprostane, and reactive oxygen species (ROS), and gene expression of dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase 2 (DDAH2), protein-methyl transferase 1 (PRMT1), TNF-α, and IL-6...
November 8, 2017: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113301/ucp2-and-prmt1-are-key-prognostic-markers-for-lung-carcinoma-patients
#9
Corina T Madreiter-Sokolowski, Balázs Győrffy, Christiane Klec, Armin A Sokolowski, Rene Rost, Markus Waldeck-Weiermair, Roland Malli, Wolfgang F Graier
Cancer cells have developed unique strategies to meet their high energy demand. Therefore, they have established a setting of Ca(2+)-triggered high mitochondrial activity. But mitochondrial Ca(2+) uptake has to be strictly controlled to avoid mitochondrial Ca(2+) overload that would cause apoptotic cell death. Methylation by protein arginine methyl transferase 1 (PRMT1) desensitizes the mitochondrial Ca(2+) uptake machinery and reduces mitochondrial Ca(2+) accumulation in cancer cells. In case of PRMT1-driven methylation, proper mitochondrial Ca(2+) uptake is reestablished by increased activity of uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2), pointing to an importance of these proteins for cancer cell survival and activity...
October 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112789/kinetic-analysis-of-prmt1-reveals-multifactorial-processivity-and-a-sequential-ordered-mechanism
#10
Jennifer I Brown, Timo Koopmans, Jolinde van Strien, Nathaniel I Martin, Adam Frankel
Arginine methylation is a prevalent post-translational modification in eukaryotic cells. Two significant debates exist within the field: do these enzymes dimethylate their substrates in a processive or distributive manner, and do these enzymes operate using a random or sequential method of bisubstrate binding? We reveal human protein arginine N-methyltransferase 1 (PRMT1) enzyme kinetics are dependent on substrate sequence. Further, peptides containing a Nη-hydroxyarginine generally demonstrate substrate inhibition and have improved KM values, which evokes a possible role in inhibitor design...
November 7, 2017: Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112628/exercise-induced-protein-arginine-methyltransferase-expression-in-skeletal-muscle
#11
Tiffany L vanLieshout, Derek W Stouth, Tania Tajik, Vladimir Ljubicic
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine protein arginine methyltransferase 1 (PRMT1), -4 (also known as coactivator-associated arginine methyltransferase 1; CARM1), and -5 expression and function during acute, exercise-induced skeletal muscle remodelling in vivo. METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were assigned to one of three experimental groups: sedentary, acute bout of exercise, or acute exercise followed by 3 hours of recovery. The mice in the exercise groups performed a single bout of treadmill running at 15 m/min for 90 minutes...
November 6, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097184/protein-arginine-methyltransferase-1-coordinates-the-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-proliferation-dichotomy-in-gastric-cancer-cells
#12
Youli Zhang, Dawei Wang, Meiting Zhang, Hong Wei, Ying Lu, Yaocheng Sun, Meng Zhou, Shuming Gu, Wen Feng, Huizhi Wang, Jian Zeng, Aihua Gong, Min Xu
Protein arginine methyltransferase 1 (PRMT1) is up-regulated and promotes migration, invasion and proliferation in wide range of cancers. However, we for the first time identify that PRMT1 promotes migration and invasion and inhibits proliferation in gastric cancer cells, a phenomenon called "migration-proliferation dichotomy". First, we find that PRMT1 overexpression promotes migration and invasion and inhibits proliferation,whereas PRMT1 knockdown reverses the above abilities. Next, PRMT1 reduces the expression of epithelial marker E-cadherin and increases the expression of mesenchymal markers including N-cadherin, Vimentin, snail and β-catenin in gastric cancer cells...
October 30, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092819/protein-arginine-methyltransferase-expression-localization-and-activity-during-disuse-induced-skeletal-muscle-plasticity
#13
Derek W Stouth, Alexander Manta, Vladimir Ljubicic
Protein arginine methyltransferase 1 (PRMT1), PRMT4, and PRMT5 catalyze the methylation of arginine residues on target proteins. Previous work suggests that these enzymes regulate skeletal muscle plasticity. However, the function of PRMTs during disuse-induced muscle remodelling is unknown. The purpose of our study was to determine whether denervation-induced muscle disuse alters PRMT expression and activity in skeletal muscle, as well as to contextualize PRMT biology within the early disuse-evoked events that precede atrophy, which remain largely undefined...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075615/pharmacologic-targeting-of-chromatin-modulators-as-therapeutics-of-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#14
REVIEW
Rui Lu, Gang Greg Wang
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML), a common hematological cancer of myeloid lineage cells, generally exhibits poor prognosis in the clinic and demands new treatment options. Recently, direct sequencing of samples from human AMLs and pre-leukemic diseases has unveiled their mutational landscapes and significantly advanced the molecular understanding of AML pathogenesis. The newly identified recurrent mutations frequently "hit" genes encoding epigenetic modulators, a wide range of chromatin-modifying enzymes and regulatory factors involved in gene expression regulation, supporting aberration of chromatin structure and epigenetic modification as a main oncogenic mechanism and cancer-initiating event...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055959/impaired-arginine-metabolism-coupled-to-a-defective-redox-conduit-contributes-to-low-plasma-nitric-oxide-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#15
Meera B Krishna, Annu Joseph, Philip Litto Thomas, Belinda Dsilva, Sathy M Pillai, Malini Laloraya
BACKGROUND: Though oxidative stress is associated with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), the status of nitric oxide is still unclear. Nitric Oxide (NO) plays pivotal roles in many physiological functions which are compromised in PCOS. Our recent study reveals lowered T-regulatory cells (Tregs) in PCOS, and Treg generation is known to be regulated by NO levels. However concrete evidences are lacking on mechanisms modulating NO levels under PCOS. METHODS: This is a retrospective case-control cohort study, comprised of PCOS women (N=29) and normal menstruating women as controls (N=20)...
October 20, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026071/arginine-methylation-catalyzed-by-prmt1-is-required-for-b-cell-activation-and-differentiation
#16
Simona Infantino, Amanda Light, Kristy O'Donnell, Vanessa Bryant, Danielle T Avery, Michael Elliott, Stuart G Tangye, Gabrielle Belz, Fabienne Mackay, Stephane Richard, David Tarlinton
Arginine methylation catalyzed by protein arginine methyltransferases (PRMT) is a common post-translational modification in mammalian cells, regulating many important functions including cell signalling, proliferation and differentiation. Here we show the role of PRMT1 in B-cell activation and differentiation. PRMT1 expression and activity in human and mouse peripheral B cells increases in response to in vitro or in vivo activation. Deletion of the Prmt1 gene in mature B cells establishes that although the frequency and phenotype of peripheral B cell subsets seem unaffected, immune responses to T-cell-dependent and -independent antigens are substantially reduced...
October 12, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023917/prmt1-and-jmjd6-dependent-arginine-methylation-regulate-hnf4%C3%AE-expression-and-hepatocyte-proliferation
#17
Jie Zhao, Abby Adams, Ben Roberts, Maura O'Neil, Anusha Vittal, Timothy Schmitt, Sean Kumer, Josiah Cox, Zhuan Li, Steven A Weinman, Irina Tikhanovich
Alcohol is a well-established risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma, but the mechanisms by which it promotes liver cancer are not well understood. Several studies have shown that cellular protein arginine methylation is inhibited by alcohol. Arginine methylation is controlled by the reciprocal activity of protein arginine methyltransferases, primarily PRMT1, and a demethylase JMJD6. The aim of this study was to explore the role of arginine methylation changes in alcohol pathogenesis. We found that PRMT1 activity is inhibited in livers of mice fed with alcohol compared to pair-fed mice...
October 10, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978671/transcriptional-memory-of-cells-of-origin-overrides-%C3%AE-catenin-requirement-of-mll-cancer-stem-cells
#18
Teerapong Siriboonpiputtana, Bernd B Zeisig, Magdalena Zarowiecki, Tsz Kan Fung, Maria Mallardo, Chiou-Tsun Tsai, Priscilla Nga Ieng Lau, Quoc Chinh Hoang, Pedro Veiga, Jo Barnes, Claire Lynn, Amanda Wilson, Boris Lenhard, Chi Wai Eric So
While β-catenin has been demonstrated as an essential molecule and therapeutic target for various cancer stem cells (CSCs) including those driven by MLL fusions, here we show that transcriptional memory from cells of origin predicts AML patient survival and allows β-catenin-independent transformation in MLL-CSCs derived from hematopoietic stem cell (HSC)-enriched LSK population but not myeloid-granulocyte progenitors. Mechanistically, β-catenin regulates expression of downstream targets of a key transcriptional memory gene, Hoxa9 that is highly enriched in LSK-derived MLL-CSCs and helps sustain leukemic self-renewal...
November 2, 2017: EMBO Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973953/new-roles-for-old-actors-ros-and-prmt1
#19
Subba Reddy Palli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972166/histone-arginine-demethylase-jmjd6-is-linked-to-stress-granule-assembly-through-demethylation-of-the-stress-granule-nucleating-protein-g3bp1
#20
Wei-Chih Tsai, Lucas C Reineke, Antrix Jain, Sung Yun Jung, Richard E Lloyd
Stress granules (SG) are membrane-less organelles that are condensates of stalled translation initiation complexes and mRNAs. SG formation is a cytoprotective response to environmental stress and results from protein interactions involving regions of low amino acid complexity and poorly defined post-translational modifications of SG components. Many RNA binding proteins are methylated and we previously demonstrated that the potent SG nucleating protein G3BP1 is methylated by protein arginine methyltransferase 1 and 5 (PRMT1 and PRMT5)...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
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