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Interventional Orthopaedics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737638/a-bone-health-intervention-for-chinese-immigrants-in-santa-clara-county
#1
Joanne Zou, Michelle DeCoux Hampton, Kate Shade, Leonard Kaku
BACKGROUND: Among Chinese immigrants, osteoporosis is undertreated, misdiagnosed, and a leading cause of fragility fractures. In orthopaedic surgery departments, prevention education and health behavior change programs are necessary to improve their bone health. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of an osteoporosis prevention education program on participants' self-efficacy with regard to exercise and nutrition when provided by an orthopaedic surgery team during an annual Chinese Health Fair in Santa Clara County, CA...
July 2017: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737617/management-of-acetabular-fractures-in-the-elderly
#2
Nicholas B Antell, Julie A Switzer, Andrew H Schmidt
The incidence of acetabular fractures in the elderly population is increasing. Fractures in this population differ from those in younger patients, with more frequent involvement of the anterior column, more comminution, and more severe articular impaction in elderly patients. Although acetabular fractures in geriatric patients are more likely the result of low-energy trauma, outcomes are generally poorer than those in young patients. Multiple management options have been proposed, but no intervention has become the standard of care for these fractures in the elderly...
August 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737593/a-teachable-moment-after-orthopaedic-fracture-in-the-smoking-patient-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Matthew D Baron, Christopher J DeFrancesco, Tiffany C Liu, Frank T Leone, Jaimo Ahn
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether education during hospitalization after an acute fracture changes patient attitudes toward smoking-related complications and to assess whether this change persists into the first outpatient follow-up visit. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled trial. SETTING: Level 1 trauma center. PATIENTS: Inpatients with fractures who identified as smokers: 40 assessed for inclusion and randomized, 30 completed inpatient assessments, and 20 completed outpatient follow-up...
August 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735553/the-development-and-validation-of-a-subjective-assessment-tool-for-the-hip-in-the-athletic-population
#4
Dean N Papaliodis, Michael B Banffy, Orr Limpisvasti, Karen Mohr, Nima Mehran, Christos D Photopoulos, Ronald Kvitne, Neal S ElAttrache
BACKGROUND: No validated functional assessments are available that are designed specifically to evaluate the performance and function of the athletic hip. Subsections of some validated outcome assessments address recreation, but a full assessment dedicated to athletic hip function does not exist. Current hip scoring systems may not be sensitive to subtle changes in performance and function in an athletic, younger population. HYPOTHESIS: The patient-athlete subjective scoring system developed in this study will be validated, reliable, and responsive in the evaluation of hip function in the athlete...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723917/evidence-base-and-practice-variation-in-acute-care-processes-for-knee-and-hip-arthroplasty-surgeries
#5
Marcel Mayer, Justine Naylor, Ian Harris, Helen Badge, Sam Adie, Kathryn Mills, Joseph Descallar
BACKGROUND: Lack of evidence contributes to unnecessary variation in treatment costs and outcomes. This study aimed to identify from interventions historically used for total knee or hip arthroplasty (TKA, THA): i) if routine use is supported by high-level evidence; ii) whether surgeon use aligns with the evidence. METHODS: Part 1: Systematic search of electronic library databases for systematic reviews and practice guidelines concerning seven acute-care interventions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721003/patient-compliance-with-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-vte
#6
John Ross Blackwell, Parag Raval, John-Patrick Quigley, Amit Patel, Donald McBride
Venous thromboembolic disease (VTE) comprises pulmonary embolism (PE) and deep vein thrombosis (DVT), and causes morbidity and mortality, particularly in trauma and orthopaedic patients. Prevalence of 0.9% and 1.2% respectively are reported, with mortality rates up to 13.8%. Chemical thromboprophylactic agents including low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) are considered cost effective in reducing VTE risk. Evidence for anti-platelets including Aspirin for VTE prophylaxis is less compelling and is not supported as monotherapy...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719565/burnout-in-orthopaedic-surgeons-a-challenge-for-leaders-learners-and-colleagues-aoa-critical-issues
#7
S Elizabeth Ames, James B Cowan, Keith Kenter, Sanford Emery, David Halsey
Burnout, depression, suicidal ideation, and dissatisfaction with work-life balance have been reported in all medical specialties and at all stages of medical education and practice experience. Burnout consists of progressive emotional, attitudinal, and physical exhaustion. Physicians with burnout may treat patients as objects and feel emotionally depleted. Burnout is characterized by a loss of enthusiasm for work (emotional exhaustion), feelings of cynicism (depersonalization), and a low sense of personal accomplishment...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706091/predict-cp-study-protocol-of-implementation-of-comprehensive-surveillance-to-predict-outcomes-for-school-aged-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#8
Roslyn N Boyd, Peter Sw Davies, Jenny Ziviani, Stewart Trost, Lee Barber, Robert Ware, Stephen Rose, Koa Whittingham, Leanne Sakzewski, Kristie Bell, Christopher Carty, Steven Obst, Katherine Benfer, Sarah Reedman, Priya Edwards, Megan Kentish, Lisa Copeland, Kelly Weir, Camilla Davenport, Denise Brooks, Alan Coulthard, Rebecca Pelekanos, Andrea Guzzetta, Simona Fiori, Meredith Wynter, Christine Finn, Andrea Burgess, Kym Morris, John Walsh, Owen Lloyd, Jennifer A Whitty, Paul A Scuffham
OBJECTIVES: Cerebral palsy (CP) remains the world's most common childhood physical disability with total annual costs of care and lost well-being of $A3.87b. The PREDICT-CP (NHMRC 1077257 Partnership Project: Comprehensive surveillance to PREDICT outcomes for school age children with CP) study will investigate the influence of brain structure, body composition, dietary intake, oropharyngeal function, habitual physical activity, musculoskeletal development (hip status, bone health) and muscle performance on motor attainment, cognition, executive function, communication, participation, quality of life and related health resource use costs...
July 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702699/work-related-musculoskeletal-injuries-amongst-obstetrics-and-gynaecology-trainees-in-east-midland-region-of-the-uk
#9
Kubra Arslan Okuyucu, Yadava Jeve, Angie Doshani
PURPOSE: Work-related musculoskeletal injuries (WRMSI) have been well known amongst obstetrics and gynaecology (O&G) practitioners, but limited data have been reported. Our aim is to determine the prevalence, severity and characteristics of WRMSI amongst O&G trainees. METHODS: A musculoskeletal ergonomic survey was conducted amongst the O&G trainees in the East-Midlands region of United Kingdom (UK). The survey comprised of demographic details, year of training, previous manual handling training, any work-related orthopaedic injury, the type of injury, any treatment received in addition to any sick leave incurred after the injury were also documented...
July 12, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697076/acute-compartment-syndrome-of-the-leg
#10
Sanjit R Konda, Benjamin S Kester, Nina Fisher, Omar A Behery, Alexander M Crespo, Kenneth A Egol
INTRODUCTION: Acute compartment syndrome (ACS) is well known among orthopaedic surgeons. The timely diagnosis and management of ACS is crucial to avoiding its sequelae, including renal failure, ischemic contractures, and limb loss. Despite its relative importance, ACS poses a challenge to many residents and clinicians as diagnosis relies largely on clinical judgment. METHODS: Timely diagnosis and thorough compartment release are essential to optimizing outcomes in ACS...
August 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695972/the-incidence-of-postoperative-pneumonia-in-various-surgical-subspecialties-a-dual-database-analysis
#11
Morad Chughtai, Chukwuweike U Gwam, Anton Khlopas, Jared M Newman, Gannon L Curtis, Pedro A Torres, Rafay Khan, Michael A Mont
INTRODUCTION: Pneumonia is the third most common postoperative complication. However, its epidemiology varies widely and is often difficult to assess. For a better understanding, we utilized two national databases to determine the incidence of postoperative pneumonia after various surgical procedures. Specifically, we used the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) and the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) to determine the incidence and yearly trends of postoperative pneumonia following orthopaedic, urologic, otorhinolaryngologic, cardiothoracic, neurosurgery, and general surgeries...
July 11, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695969/what-influences-how-patients-rate-their-hospital-stay-after-total-hip-arthroplasty
#12
Nirav K Patel, Eric Kim, Anton Khlopas, Morad Chughtai, Chukwuweike Gwam, Randa K Elmallah, Prem Ramkumar, Nicolas S Piuzzi, Ronald E Delanois, George Muschler, Michael A Mont
PURPOSE: Measuring the effect of operative interventions has been a challenge in orthopaedics. The assessment of patient satisfaction, as measured by the Press Ganey (PG) satisfaction surveys, has gained increasing attention. Our purpose was to determine the factors and patient characteristics that influence patient satisfaction after THA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The PG database was queried identifying 692 THA patients (November 2009 to January 2015). A multiple regression analysis was conducted...
July 11, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691229/desmopressin-use-for-minimising-perioperative-blood-transfusion
#13
REVIEW
Michael J Desborough, Kathryn Oakland, Charlotte Brierley, Sean Bennett, Carolyn Doree, Marialena Trivella, Sally Hopewell, Simon J Stanworth, Lise J Estcourt
BACKGROUND: Blood transfusion is administered during many types of surgery, but its efficacy and safety are increasingly questioned. Evaluation of the efficacy of agents, such as desmopressin (DDAVP; 1-deamino-8-D-arginine-vasopressin), that may reduce perioperative blood loss is needed. OBJECTIVES: To examine the evidence for the efficacy of DDAVP in reducing perioperative blood loss and the need for red cell transfusion in people who do not have inherited bleeding disorders...
July 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690031/prevalence-of-pain-in-240-non-ambulatory-children-with-severe-cerebral-palsy
#14
I Poirot, V Laudy, M Rabilloud, S Roche, T Ginhoux, B Kassaï, C Vuillerot
BACKGROUND: Several studies have given frequencies of pain in children with cerebral palsy, but comparing the findings is difficult. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of pain in non-ambulatory children with cerebral palsy and describe their characteristics by presence or absence of pain. METHODS: Data were extracted from an ongoing longitudinal national cohort following non-ambulatory children with severe cerebral palsy aged 3 to 10years over 10years. We described and compared data for the first 240 children at inclusion by presence or absence of pain...
July 6, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683795/hip-preserving-surgery-with-concentrated-autologous-bone-marrow-aspirate-transplantation-for-the-treatment-of-asymptomatic-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head-retrospective-review-of-clinical-and-radiological-outcomes-at-6%C3%A2-years-postoperatively
#15
Yohei Tomaru, Tomokazu Yoshioka, Hisashi Sugaya, Katsuya Aoto, Hiroshi Wada, Hiroshi Akaogi, Masashi Yamazaki, Hajime Mishima
BACKGROUND: We had previously established concentrated autologous bone marrow aspirate transplantation (CABMAT), a one-step, low-invasive, joint-preserving surgical technique for treating osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of CABMAT as a hip preserving surgical approach, preventing femoral head collapse in asymptomatic ONFH. METHODS: In total, 222 patients (341 hips) with ONFH were treated with CABMAT between April 2003 and March 2013...
July 6, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680896/the-influence-of-incision-type-on-patient-satisfaction-after-plate-fixation-of-clavicle-fractures
#16
Dave R Shukla, William J Rubenstein, Leslie A Barnes, Mark J Klion, James N Gladstone, Jaehon M Kim, Edmond Cleeman, David A Forsh, Bradford O Parsons
BACKGROUND: Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of the clavicle is a common procedure that has been shown to have improved outcomes over nonoperative treatment. Several incisions can be used to approach clavicle fractures, the decision of which is variable among surgeons. PURPOSE: To compare patient satisfaction and subjective outcomes between patients with a longitudinal incision versus those with a necklace incision for the treatment of diaphyseal clavicle fractures...
June 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674736/the-impact-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-on-90-day-outcomes-following-major-orthopaedic-surgery-a-propensity-matched-analysis
#17
Ritam Chowdhury, Muhammad Ali Chaudhary, Daniel J Sturgeon, Wei Jiang, Allan L Yau, Tracey P Koehlmoos, Adil H Haider, Andrew J Schoenfeld
INTRODUCTION: The impact of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection on outcomes following major orthopaedic interventions, such as joint arthroplasty or spine surgery, has not been effectively studied in the past. Most prior studies are impaired by small samples, limited surveillance for adverse events, or the potential for selection bias to confound results. In this context, we sought to evaluate the impact of HCV infection on 90-day outcomes following joint arthroplasty or spine surgery using propensity-matched techniques...
July 3, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674135/mechanism-evaluation-of-a-lifestyle-intervention-for-patients-with-musculoskeletal-pain-who-are-overweight-or-obese-protocol-for-a-causal-mediation-analysis
#18
Hopin Lee, John Wiggers, Steven J Kamper, Amanda Williams, Kate M O'Brien, Rebecca K Hodder, Luke Wolfenden, Sze Lin Yoong, Elizabeth Campbell, Robin Haskins, Emma K Robson, James H McAuley, Christopher M Williams
INTRODUCTION: Low back pain (LBP) and knee osteoarthritis (OA) are highly prevalent and disabling conditions that cause societal and economic impact worldwide. Two randomised controlled trials (RCTs) will evaluate the effectiveness of a multicomponent lifestyle intervention for patients with LBP and knee OA who are overweight or obese. The key targets of this intervention are to improve physical activity, modify diet and correct pain beliefs. These factors may explain how a lifestyle intervention exerts its effects on key patient-relevant outcomes: pain, disability and quality of life...
July 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662153/effectiveness-of-acute-in-hospital-physiotherapy-with-knee-extension-strength-training-in-reducing-strength-deficits-in-patients-with-a-hip-fracture-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Lise Kronborg, Thomas Bandholm, Henrik Palm, Henrik Kehlet, Morten Tange Kristensen
QUESTION: Is acute in-hospital physiotherapy with additional progressive knee-extension strength training (ST) of the fractured limb more effective in reducing knee-extension strength deficit at follow-up compared to physiotherapy without strength training in patients with a hip fracture? DESIGN: Assessor blinded, randomised controlled trial with intention-to-treat analysis. PARTICIPANTS: 90 patients with a hip fracture admitted to an acute orthopaedic Hip Fracture Unit at a university hospital between October 2013 and May 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659058/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-a-current-practice-of-paediatric-orthopaedic-surgeons
#20
Rakan S Al-Essa, Fares H Aljahdali, Rakan M Alkhilaiwi, Winnie Philip, Ayman H Jawadi, Khalid I Khoshhal
BACKGROUND: Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is one of the prevalent musculoskeletal conditions in young adults and is a leading cause of hip osteoarthrosis in this age group. The optimum age for surgical intervention when needed is not well established in the literature and the lack of management guidelines and standard practice of DDH leads to different practices worldwide. This study aims to investigate the current practice of paediatric orthopaedic surgeons in diagnosing and treating DDH worldwide and identify points of agreement and disagreement...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
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