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Prenatal risk software

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979649/-role-of-abortion-and-ectopic-pregnancies-in-maternal-mortality-rate-at-three-university-hospitals-in-yaound%C3%A3
#1
MULTICENTER STUDY
Danielle Victoire Tiako Kamga, Philip Njotang Nana, Florent Ymele Fouelifack, Jeanne Hortence Fouedjio
INTRODUCTION: The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 585.000 women die every year in the world as a result of complications related to pregnancy, delivery, postpartum period and abortion (the latter contributing to 13% of maternal deaths). Ectopic pregnancies are responsible for 10% of maternal mortality in the first quarter of pregnancy. Maternal mortality rate is high in Cameroon, estimated at 782 per 100.000 live births according to EDS-MICS 2011. AS the role of these two conditions in maternal mortality is little documented in our country, we conducted this study to assess the role of abortions and ectopic pregnancies in maternal mortality rate in Cameroon...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889768/effect-of-prenatal-smoking-cessation-interventions-on-birth-weight-meta-analysis
#2
Yousef Veisani, Ensiyeh Jenabi, Ali Delpisheh, Salman Khazaei
BACKGROUND: Smoking is preventable factor for pregnancy outcomes such as low birth weight (LBW). In this study, we assessed the effects of smoking cessation in pregnancy period on the birth weight in Randomized Controlled Trial studies (RCTs). METHODS: International databases of Pub Med, Scopus, and Web of Science, by the MeSH heading and/or additional terms, were searched to assess relevant studies in systematic possess. I(2) statistics was used to assess of heterogeneity...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855995/combined-detection-of-%C3%AE-fetoprotein-and-free-%C3%AE-human-chorionic-gonadotropin-in-screening-for-trisomy-21-and-management-of-cases-in-the-moderate-risk-value-range
#3
Yahong Li, Xiaojuan Zhang, Yun Sun, Dongyang Hong, Yanyun Wang, Zhengfeng Xu, Tao Jiang
Down syndrome is the most common cause of prenatal chromosomal abnormalities, and prenatal serum screening is an effective method for decreasing the birth prevalence of children with Down syndrome. The aim of the present study was to observe the effect of duplex screening and investigate the treatment of cases under specific conditions. The medians of free β-human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) and α-fetoprotein (AFP) were calculated and compared with those embedded in the 2T software. The detection and false-positive rates were analyzed under different conditions, and the distribution of Down syndrome cases was investigated in different risk ranges...
October 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847067/-prenatal-exposure-to-ambient-air-pollution-and-congenital-heart-disease-a-meta-analysis
#4
S S Li, R Zhang, X Lan, P F Qu, S N Dang, F Y Chen, H Yan
Objective: To explore the association between exposure to ambient air pollution during pregnancy and congenital heart disease so as to provide evidence for primary prevention of congenital heart disease. Methods: Epidemiologic studies on ambient air pollution and congenital heart diseases were reviewed. Summary risk estimates were calculated at high versus low exposure levels and risk per-unit-increase in continuous pollutant concentration. Meta-analysis was conducted with Stata 12.0 software. Results: A total of 20 articles in English were qualified for inclusion...
August 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713513/the-prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-group-b-streptococcus-colonization-in-iranian-pregnant-women
#5
Roksana Darabi, Sima Tadi, Mitra Mohit, Erfan Sadeghi, Gita Hatamizadeh, Bahareh Kardeh, Mina Etminan-Bakhsh, Yekta Parsa
BACKGROUND: Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is a leading cause of serious neonatal infections. Although great progress has been made in preventing prenatal GBS, its colonization rate in different regions of Iran remains unknown. AIM: To determine GBS colonization prevalence and its risk factors among Iranian pregnant women. METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study was performed on 186 pregnant women, who attended Boo-Ali hospital which is affiliated with Islamic Azad University in Tehran, Iran, from March 2014 to June 2015...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614251/analysis-of-down-syndrome-failed-to-be-diagnosed-after-prenatal-screening-a-multicenter-study
#6
MULTICENTER STUDY
Tao Jiang, Jie Ding, Xiao-Qing Zhang, Xiao-Juan Zhang, Bin Zhang, Ting Wang, Bin Yu
To analyze the characters of Down syndrome (DS) who failed to be diagnosed after prenatal screening and hope to be able to improve the programs of prenatal screening and reduce the missed diagnosis of DS. In this multicenter study, we collected the missed cases from 3 prenatal diagnosis centers and analyzed their characters. A total of 126 DS babies failed to be diagnosed after prenatal screening. Their mothers accepted the prenatal screening in second trimester. We collected the mothers' blood and detected the levels of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and the free beta subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin (fβhCG) by time-resolved fluoroimmunoassay...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414738/barriers-and-facilitators-for-men-to-attend-prenatal-care-and-obtain-hiv-voluntary-counseling-and-testing-in-brazil
#7
Nava Yeganeh, Mariana Simon, Deborah Mindry, Karin Nielsen-Saines, Maria Cristina Chaves, Breno Santos, Marineide Melo, Brenna Mendoza, Pamina Gorbach
BACKGROUND: Providing HIV voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) to men who attend their partner's prenatal care is an intervention with potential to reduce HIV transmission to women and infants during the vulnerable period of pregnancy. Little is known about the acceptability of this intervention in global settings outside of Africa. METHODS: We conducted in-depth qualitative interviews to evaluate potential barriers and facilitators to prenatal care attendance for HIV VCT with 20 men who did and 15 men who did not attend prenatal care with their partners at Hospital Conceiçao in Porto Alegre, Brazil...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396154/nutrition-of-black-women-during-pregnancy
#8
Melissa Myles, Susan Gennaro, Nancy Dubois, Caitlin O'Connor, Kayla Roberts
OBJECTIVE: To examine the consistency and adequacy of nutritional intake in a population of Black women in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy. DESIGN: This was a longitudinal descriptive study. Data were collected from women with low-risk pregnancies at 22- to 24-week prenatal visits and two subsequent visits. SETTING: Participants were recruited from urban prenatal clinics in one city in the Northeastern United States. PARTICIPANTS: Pregnant women who self-identified as Black (N = 195)...
May 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384180/silent-dissemination-of-htlv-1-in-an-endemic-area-of-argentina-epidemiological-and-molecular-evidence-of-intrafamilial-transmission
#9
María C Frutos, Rene Gastaldello, Marcos Balangero, Carlos Remondegui, Sebastián Blanco, Koko Otsuki, Ana Carolina Paulo Vicente, David Elías, Arnaldo Mangeaud, Silvia Nates, Sandra Gallego
BACKGROUND: Molecular and epidemiological studies of transmission routes and risk factors for infection by HTLV-1 are extremely important in order to implement control measures, especially because of the high prevalence of HTLV-1 in several regions of the world. San Salvador de Jujuy, Northwest Argentina, is a highly endemic area for HTLV-1 and foci of tropical spastic paraparesis/HTLV-1-associated myelopathy. OBJECTIVE: To gain further insight into the role of intrafamilial transmission of HTLV-1 in a highly endemic region in Argentina...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283038/exploring-associations-between-prenatal-solvent-exposures-and-teenage-drug-and-alcohol-use-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#10
Lisa G Gallagher, Thomas F Webster, Ann Aschengrau
BACKGROUND: Investigating the effects of prenatal and childhood exposures on behavioral health outcomes in adolescence is challenging given the lengthy period between the exposure and outcomes. We conducted a retrospective cohort study in Cape Cod, Massachusetts to evaluate the impact of prenatal and early childhood exposure to tetrachloroethylene (PCE)-contaminated drinking water on the occurrence of risk-taking behaviors as a teenager. An increased occurrence of risk-taking behaviors, particularly illicit drug use, was observed in those highly exposed to PCE...
March 11, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164510/the-status-of-quality-control-investigation-and-analysis-for-maternal-serum-marker-of-prenatal-screening-laboratories-in-china
#11
Falin He, Wei Wang, Kun Zhong, Shuai Yuan, Zhiguo Wang
BACKGROUND: This national survey was initiated to investigate the current status of quality control practice of prenatal screening by statistical analysis of the previous half year data of prenatal screening in 2015. METHODS: Data were sent to all Chinese prenatal screening centers via the National Quality Assessment Scheme. This covered the software used, the risk cutoffs, monthly sample throughput, monthly median MoM of AFP, HCG, β-HCG, free β-HCG and uE3, monthly screening positive rates for trisomy 21, trisomy 18, and Open Neural Tube Defect (ONTD)...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070244/assessment-of-fetus-during-second-trimester-ultrasonography-using-hdlive-software-what-is-its-real-application-in-the-obstetrics-clinical-practice
#12
Gabriele Tonni, Gianpaolo Grisolia, Eduardo Félix Santana, Edward Araujo Júnior
AIM: To show imaging results from application of four-dimensional (4D) ultrasound lightening technique (HDlive™) in clinical obstetrics practice. METHODS: Normal and abnormal fetuses at second and third trimester of pregnancy undergoing routine scan with 4D HDlive™ (5DUS) in the rendering mode are described. Realistic features of fetal structures were provided by 5DUS in the rendering mode. Normal anatomy as well as pathology like cleft lip, hypoplastic face, micrognathia, low-set ears, corpus callosum, arthrogryposis, aortic arch, left congenital diaphragmatic hernia are highlighted in this study...
December 28, 2016: World Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027551/the-risk-of-macular-degeneration-development-in-persons-antenatally-irradiated-as-a-result-of-chornobyl-npp-accident
#13
T F Babenko, P A Fedirko, R Y Dorichevska, N V Denysenko, L A Samoteikina, O P Tyshchenko
OBJECTIVE: Assess the risk of macular degeneration development in persons exposed in utero as a result of Chornobyl NPP accident. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The object of the study was the state of the macular area of the retina of 84 individuals exposed in utero as a result of the Chornobyl disaster. They were surveyed at the age of 14-30. The results of stan dardized ophthalmic examinations conducted between 2000 and 2016 were used. The control group consisted of 165 persons who have not undergone prenatal exposure and were examined at the same age as the core group...
December 2016: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771591/using-the-theory-of-planned-behavior-to-predict-pregnant-women-s-intention-to-engage-in-regular-exercise
#14
Ching-Fang Lee, I-Chyun Chiang, Fang-Ming Hwang, Li-Kang Chi, Hsien-Ming Lin
OBJECTIVE: the objectives of this study were to use the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) in order to determine to what degree pregnant women intended to exercise regularly during pregnancy, and then to evaluate the TPB model fit. DESIGN: this study was based on a cross-sectional survey with a tool which was developed specifically for this study. SETTING: we identified and invited pregnant women from two medical center hospitals and one certified prenatal center in northern Taiwan to participate...
November 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713070/renal-parenchyma-to-hydronephrosis-area-ratio-phar-as-a-predictor-of-future-surgical-intervention-for-infants-with-high-grade-prenatal-hydronephrosis
#15
Mandy Rickard, Armando J Lorenzo, Luis H Braga
OBJECTIVE: To explore the potential value of an objective assessment, renal parenchyma to hydronephrosis area ratio (PHAR), as an early predictor of surgery. METHODS: Initial sagittal renal ultrasound (US) images of patients prospectively entered into a prenatal hydronephrosis database from January 2008 to January 2016 with baseline Society for Fetal Urology (SFU) grades III and IV prenatal hydronephrosis, without vesicoureteral reflux, were evaluated using the National Institutes of Health-sponsored image processing software...
October 3, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513173/no-association-between-unintentional-head-injuries-and-early-life-exposure-to-tetrachloroethylene-pce-contaminated-drinking-water
#16
Ann Aschengrau, Lisa G Gallagher, Michael R Winter, Veronica M Vieira, Patricia A Janulewicz, Thomas F Webster, David M Ozonoff
OBJECTIVE: Because of emerging evidence that early-life exposure to the solvent tetrachloroethylene (PCE) has long-lasting neurological consequences, we examined the risk of unintentional head injuries following prenatal and childhood exposure to PCE-contaminated drinking water. METHODS: Participants provided information on head injuries and other relevant characteristics in a self-administered questionnaire. Exposure to PCE was modeled using a leaching and transport algorithm set in water system modeling software...
October 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27463110/risk-factors-for-premature-birth-in-a-hospital
#17
Margarita E Ahumada-Barrios, German F Alvarado
OBJECTIVE: to determine the risk factors for premature birth. METHODS: retrospective case-control study of 600 pregnant women assisted in a hospital, with 298 pregnant women in the case group (who gave birth prematurely <37 weeks) and 302 pregnant women who gave birth to a full-term newborn in the control group. Stata software version 12.2 was used. The Chi-square test was used in bivariate analysis and logistic regression was used in multivariate analysis, from which Odds Ratios (OR) and Confidence Intervals (CI) of 95% were derived...
2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27412368/association-of-prenatal-and-early-life-exposure-to-tetrachloroethylene-pce-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-and-other-reproductive-disorders-in-the-cape-cod-health-study-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#18
Shruthi Mahalingaiah, Michael R Winter, Ann Aschengrau
BACKGROUND: Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) is an organic lipophilic solvent with possible neuroendocrine toxicity. The objective of this study was to determine the association of prenatal and early childhood exposure to PCE-contaminated drinking water and development of adult-onset Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), endometriosis, difficulty conceiving and miscarriage. METHODS: Five-hundred exposed and 331 unexposed female participants born between 1969 and 1983 completed questionnaires on demographic and lifestyle characteristics, and reproductive disorders...
October 2016: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27090413/bridging-the-gaps-in-obstetric-care-perspectives-of-service-delivery-providers-on-challenges-and-core-components-of-care-in-rural-georgia
#19
Meredith Pinto, Roger Rochat, Monique Hennink, Adrienne D Zertuche, Bridget Spelke
Objectives In 2011, a workforce assessment conducted by the Georgia Maternal and Infant Health Research Group found that 52 % of Primary Care Service Areas outside metropolitan Atlanta, Georgia, had an overburdened or complete lack of obstetric care services. In response to that finding, this study's aim was twofold: to describe challenges faced by providers who currently deliver or formerly delivered obstetric care in these areas, and to identify essential core components that can be integrated into alternative models of care in order to alleviate the burden placed on the remaining obstetric providers...
July 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27048501/is-protease-inhibitors-based-antiretroviral-therapy-during-pregnancy-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-preterm-birth-systematic-review-and-a-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Yonatan Moges Mesfin, Kelemu Tilahun Kibret, Amsalu Taye
BACKGROUND: Antiretroviral therapy is recommended during pregnancy to decrease the risk of perinatal transmission of HIV-1 infection and to improve maternal health. However, some studies have reported that antiretroviral treatment (ART) containing protease inhibitors (PI) is associated with an increased risk of preterm birth. In contrast, other studies have reported no increased risk. This meta-analysis was conducted to derive a more reliable estimate of the association between the prenatal use of PI based ART regimen and preterm birth...
April 5, 2016: Reproductive Health
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